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  • Tatsuo Tabata added an answer in CASINO:
    Kung Hei Fat Choi! Are you, your country, town or community celebrating the New Chinese Lunar Year of the Fire Monkey?

    In 2007, we have started an ongoing research project on “Globalization of Holidays and the Calendar”. In the beginning, we were only interested in trying to understand the rapid spread of holidays that, as Halloween and St. Valentine, didn’t have any cultural tradition in Chinese communities but became an important economic asset as well as festivals mobilizing casinos, hotels, restaurants, then schools and associations, nowadays firmly installed in social networks exchanges. Thereafter, we have also started studying the diffusion of public and private festivities of the New Lunar Chinese Year along with the growing economic presence of China worldwide. We have been systematically inviting Master and PhD students to research the topic and I would like to appeal to your collaboration. Can you give us information, pictures, videos or any other documents regarding the diverse celebrations of the Chinese New Year in our country, town or local communities? If there aren’t any commemorations at all, can you explain the situation? What do you think about this clear globalization, industrialization and marketization of holidays that, in some cases relatively new, are being celebrated among other cultures and communities? Is there a main economic driven factor or there also are much more complex cultural and social elements?

    Tatsuo Tabata

    In Japan this year, Chinese Lunar New Year holiday season is a hot topic because many enthusiastic Chinese shoppers are expected to come during this season.

  • Hemanth kumar Motamarri added an answer in Biogas:
    Biogas analysis by using Gas Chromatography
    Currently, I'm working on biohydrogen production. I need to do gas analysis. Could any one tell me the best method for analyzing biogas (Probable mixture of CO, CO2, CH4 and H2) by using Gas Chromatography (TCD). I have nitrogen (Carrier gas) and Molecular sieve 5a (80/100 mesh) available with me.
    What temperature conditions for all three (injection, column and detector), flow rate and ramp time I should follow?
    Hemanth kumar Motamarri

    Does the biogas is in liquid or gas state. If it is gas how to analyse it

  • Ram Kumar added an answer in Cyclic Voltammetry:
    What is the role of Tetra butylammonium cation (TBA +) in the cyclic voltammetry?

    Tetra butylammonium chloride?bromide (TBA +)

    Ram Kumar

    @Prof Kissinger

    As I working on Solid state electronic devices wherein ITO is the working electrode. So, I have maintained the same for CV. I have tried using Glassy carbon/Pt/Au and the result is the same. As you had suggested, it boils down to the polarity of the compound 

  • Neda Abbasi asked a question in ENVI/IDL:
    Has someone worked with Envi IDL in order to calculate SEBAL Algorithm?

    I want to know how i can set a programme about SEBAL algorithm.

  • Ramizan Kassim added an answer in ISO:
    Do Registrars performing ISO 14001 audits provide value or not? Why or why not?

    From a previous discussion thread, it appears that some ISO accredited Registrars' auditors prefer to conduct "soft" ISO audits as a way to sustain their business.  How prevalent is that?  I was both a former contract ISO 14001 auditor AND a former regulatory inspector - I was told more than once that I was "firm but fair." Is this a trait lacking in today's ISO auditors?

    Ramizan Kassim

    If an organization is not certified to ISO 14001 or OHSAS 18001, the Risk Assessment portion would be something extra to take a look into. Or perhaps to the very least, try looking into aspect-impact tool, which include "Risk-based Scoring", to classify the risks and address individual risk and turn them into continuous improvement program.

  • Prema Swarupa Bhavireddy added an answer in Materials Science:
    In Material science we do Raman characterization Why, explain?

    Respected all, In Material science research we do Raman Characterization for samples (example SnO2/rGO). Why we have to do Raman, What we will get, what is going to be happening to the sample material (bonds etc..) while doing Raman characterization? Please ....Thank you

    Prema Swarupa Bhavireddy

    Wht don't we stop with FTIR...why we need Raman and what aee the differences mainly between these two.?

  • Arvind Singh added an answer in Flora:
    I want to know about the natural flora of Kolar Gold Fields i.e. before the mines were systematically explored.

    I intend to gather information about the plants which existed before the KGFs were mined systematically. 

    Arvind Singh

    Please go through the following literature to know the answer

    S. R. Ramesh (1990). Studies on the Flora of Kolar District, Ph.D. thesis, University of Mysore, Mysore.

  • Hendrika Vande Kemp added an answer in Training:
    In what year does Félix Mitnik and Adela Corina Published the article "Una perspectiva histórica de la capacitación laboral"?

    Training on the job


    Human development

    Training History

    Hendrika Vande Kemp


    If you follow the links on this web page, there is a copyright of 2006 with a link to their article. I suspect the date is 2006.

  • Kaushik Makwana added an answer in System Dynamics Modeling:
    Looking for some help in resolving a bug in my System Dynamics Model. Could anyone help?

    I use iThink software for modeling. I need some help in resolving a DT issue. Would like to discuss through mail. Looking for someone very comfortable modeling using this software with some time to spare. Please help.

    Kaushik Makwana

    Mail your problem here.

    What is the DT issue ?


  • El-Sayed Mahmoud El-Rabaie added an answer in Complex Analysis:
    What is the purpose of mathematics give scientific explanation?

    Respected to all,

    What is the scientific answer and give explanation?... if any ask about...

    What is the use of Differential equations(I, II), Complex analysis, matrices?

    why fourier transformations, laplaces are for?

    Kindly Please answer...

    El-Sayed Mahmoud El-Rabaie

    I am not sure I understood your question about  the importance of the Mathematics branches you mentioned on our life. You can say, It is every thing in our life, since any thing on our life and on the the world generally is transferred by either a direct or indirect way  to these branches to be solved and clarifying the situation based on the mathematical solution results. 

    Sincerely Prof. S.  EL-Rabaie

  • Kaushik Makwana added an answer in Electrical Power Distribution:
    Typically, how many houses does a distribution transformer supply in a residential area?

    I am looking to model a cluster of houses connected to a single distribution transformer. Ideally an answer for Nz/Aus but anywhere else would also be interesting too. Thanks

    Kaushik Makwana

    In India the default permission to the domestic user is 3 KWs. Considering the diversity factor and load factor one transformer in Urban area will supply @ 70-80 houses.

  • Vijaya Bhaskararao Bonam added an answer in Aspirate:
    What is the basic aspiration of human being ?

    What is the basic of human being? 

    This is my open ended study? Please answer as you can. Thank you 

    Vijaya Bhaskararao Bonam

    Thank you all

  • Audrey Dickson added an answer in Iowa:
    How do I use the Iowa Model triggers?

    How do I use the Iowa model triggers, explain the triggers?

    Audrey Dickson

    Triggers are practice question such as, are the practices being used are outdated.  What is the new practices for a speaciality. 

  • Hendrika Vande Kemp added an answer in Hyper:
    What do you think about "Hyper Grace" Book of Michael Brown,Ph.D? Do you agree about that? Please explaining to us?

    What do you think about "Hyper Grace" Book of Michael Brown,Ph.D? Do you agree about that? Please explaining to us? How about the view of your church about this situation?

    Hendrika Vande Kemp

    It looks like you can find many reviews of the book if you just use Google or another search engine. I'd recommend reading some of the reviews you'll find at https://www.google.com/search?q=Michael+brown+hyper+grace+review&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8#q=Michael+brown+hyper+grace+review&start=10

  • Ihsan Ullah added an answer in TCL:
    How can I view the contents of a packet header in a NS2 simulation?

    I have created a new packet header in NS2 which contains two fields.Is there any way to check to see if the packet header fields contains the value I have given through tcl.

    Ihsan Ullah

    I am not good in ns2 , so i need help. Please guide me how to change the priority of the packet in ns2...My mean if two packets reached to the node or router at same time router read the priorities of packets, and then forward high priority packet first and low priority packet 2nd....thanks

  • Dr. Dhani. Shanker Chaubey asked a question in Brand Equity:
    Can any one suggest me a valid construct of measuring band equity of education institute imparting professional education?

    I am working on a paper " Measuring brand equity of educational institute imparting professional education" 

  • Scott C. Neubauer added an answer in Shimadzu:
    Size of the soil sample using Shimadzu solid sample analyser ?

    What should the size of the dry soil sample (solid) to measure total carbon and inorganic carbon using Shimadzu solid sample analyser (SSM 5000A)?

    Scott C. Neubauer

    From the Shimadzu website for the SSM-5000A (http://www.ssi.shimadzu.com/products/product.cfm?product=ssm5000)

    Measuring range:

         Total Carbon: 0.1 mg to 30 mg carbon
         Inorganic C: 0.1 mg to 20 mg carbon

  • Issam Rezaiguia added an answer in Fluid Mechanics:
    What is the relation between velocity and shear stress distributions for two immscible fluids flowing?
    Please check out this: Two immiscible liquids A and B are flowing in laminar flow between two parallel plates. Would there be a possibility for the velocity profiles to take this form below?
    Issam Rezaiguia

    thanks for all. 

    I ask Brian , is it possible that the pressure gradient for the two fluid takes different values in the general case. 

  • Ridhwan Muzaki added an answer in Primer:
    PCR mutagenesis: no transformed colonies failure?


    I've been trying to introduce a nucleotide substitution into a minigene. My protocol includes PCR amplification (with minigene as template) using KAPA HiFI PCR kit with 4 different forward primers(to introduce nucleotide changes at different position) and 1 common primer. Amplification is followed by DpnI digestion to get rid of parental bacterial template.  So far i could not get any colonies after transformation despite having tried annealing temperatures of 58 , 54 degrees celcius. I am certain it is an annealing temperature 'problem' as I performed gel electrophoresis on the PCR product but could not get any products.

    It is noteworthy that i the forward and reverse primer that i use has an overlapping region. I am not sure myself as to the strategy here as I am just an undergrad. but i hope the below information helps..

    Minigene template


    forward primers (online tool indicating melting temp in bracket)

    HFE exon2 muta -2C F (70.9 ºC)


    HFE exon2 muta 4C F (71.7 ºC)


    HFE exon2 muta 5C F (70.7 ºC)


    HFE exon2 muta 4C5C F (71.7 ºC)


    reverse primer

    HFE new muta cmnR (65.2 ºC)


    anyways i am trying annealing temperature at 50 degrees celcius, and another set at 48 degrees celcius

    i will keep you guys updated but is there anything wrong or advise that you can give as at this point?


    Ridhwan Muzaki

    As at this point of time i can only think about maybe secondary structures forming in my primers. Hmm.. I can either increase annealing temperature above 58 or redesign primers. If its redesign how can i improve this design

  • J. B. K Asiedu added an answer in Machine Vision:
    Which are the best open source tools for image processing and computer vision?
    Like OpenCV which are best alternative open source tools for development of image processing and computer vision algorithms.
    J. B. K Asiedu

    I am trying to do feature extraction in some raster images, can anyone share some best softwares

  • Timothy McTighe added an answer in Citations:
    Sharing publications here will be increased their citations but do you think is it really fair to sure our original papers here? What publisher think?

    When we share our articles here and upload them here, every one in this website can download them for free (it is not really a problem for me), but what will be happened to publishers in close future?

    Timothy McTighe

    The purpose of publishing is to get the information out on any given subject as best we can. Open Access (free access) is just one more method that allows for broader readership. Publishers have a number of methods available to them for the generation of revenue. As with all things models change and the publishing models are also changing.

    I am supportive of Open Access and I also publish an Open Access Journal that charges no fees for submission, no fees for access or downloading. We need to encourage all formats for journal publications and encourage all researchers to publish the good and bad of their findings.

  • Raju Vaishya asked a question in Decision Making:
    How old is old for a bilateral simultaneous TKA?

    Does the chronological age really matters in this decision making?

  • Scott C. Neubauer added an answer in Wetland Ecology:
    What are the different approach to assess and monitor soil and water salinity in a saline wetland?

    i am searching of recent studies on saline wetland ecosystem, where the focus is on the soil and water rather than biotic aspect (faune and flore).

    Scott C. Neubauer

    I agree with the other answers in that refractometers are useful for measuring salinity in the field. For higher precision, you could use a portable electronic meter that measures conductivity and uses standard equations to convert conductivity to salinity. Alternately, you could measure chlorinity in the lab and then convert that to salinity.

    You asked about measuring salinity in the soils of saline wetlands. Since wetlands are generally wet, soil salinity is usually measured as the salinity of the wetland porewater rather than the salinity of a saturated soil paste. There are many methods for collecting wetland porewater – see the following book chapters.

    Fisher MM, Reddy KR. 2013. Soil Pore Water Sampling Methods. In: DeLaune RD, Reddy KR, Richardson CJ, Megonigal JP, editors. Methods in Biogeochemistry of Wetlands. SSSA Book Series SV - 10. Madison, WI: Soil Science Society of America. pp 55–70. doi: 10.2136/sssabookser10.c4.

    Li Y, Migliaccio KW, Zhou M, Kiggundu N. 2010. Sampling Pore Water. In: Li Y, Migliaccio KW, editors. Water Quality Concepts, Sampling, and Analyses, CRC Press. pp 93–112.

    Finally, based on your page here at ResearchGate, I am guessing that you are coming from a terrestrial soils background. In that case, you might find this next review paper useful. It tries to bridge some of the terminology and methodology differences that exist between those that study terrestrial and marine/aquatic soils and sediments.

    Kristensen E, Rabenhorst MC. 2015. Do marine rooted plants grow in sediment or soil? A critical appraisal on definitions, methodology and communication. Earth-Science Reviews 145:1–8. doi: 10.1016/j.earscirev.2015.02.005. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0012825215000276

  • Annette Regan asked a question in Propensity Score:
    How to match individually on propensity score in SAS v 9.4?

    I have a dataset of 60,000 women with a propensity for vaccination ranging from around -0.5 to 1.5. What is the best way to individually match these women on propensity score in SAS? I know how to do this by creating multiple datasets, but I'm hoping there is a function that could save a lot of time/work? 

  • C. Mei-Ling Hamilton added an answer in Meiofauna:
    Good day everyone! Do you have a pdf copy of Giere's Meiobenthology :The Microscopic Motile Fauna of Aquatic Sediments?

    I'm a undergraduate student. This book would help my identification of meiofauna for my thesis.

    C. Mei-Ling Hamilton

    Hello!  There appears to be an available PDF download of your textbook of interest on Academia.edu at the following link:

    Meiobenthology:  The Microscopic Motile Fauna of Aquatic Sediments


  • Rosa Aghekyan added an answer in Didactics:
    Which teaching methods could be in upper secundary education considered as innovative?

    Especially for Science education.

    Rosa Aghekyan

    I would certainly go with the constructivist-based approach. Discovery learning is a great teaching strategy, as is Model-based learning in conjunction with higher-order thinking questioning.

  • Lilliana Ramos-Collado added an answer in Drama:
    Why is writing drama on the decline?

    Novel has considerably replaced drama. Some amount of drama is found only in a different genre - film. I think Television, Video and Film restrain people from going to the theatres. Theatre gives enormous scope to dramatic literature which other media cannot. I would like to know and be connected with modern English playwrights in Britain and USA. Some experiments are made in India, but they are not worth the salt.

    Lilliana Ramos-Collado

    Hello, Sibaprasad!!!

    It is true that writing drama is on decline. But going to the theatre is again in fashion. People still prefer plays written before the 1990s. In fact, Greek tragedy, Shakespeare, Carderón and Lope de Vega are still a success and a lot is being written about Renaissance, Baroque, Neoclassical plays by Molière and Racine, as well as by 19th century playwrigths. In the 20th-century, we had great plays by Tennessee Williams and Bertolt Brecht, to mention the two extremes. The last 30 years in theatre have been terribly boring, and musicals have taken the place of the theater. Artsy audiences now prefer "performance", which is short, weird and to the point, and people go to museums for that. 

    Best regards, Lilliana

  • Gyan Chandra Chauthwani added an answer in Activation Energy:
    How spontaneous fission takes place?

    Here I want to know the mechanism of spontaneous fission? Does the concept of activation energy doesn't play any role and if it does, from where the activation energy is supplied?

    Gyan Chandra Chauthwani

    @Yurii V Geletii



  • Nishu Garg added an answer in Deep Learning:
    What should be the approach to understand deep learning more practically , Can someone explain me real life examples ?

    Kindly explain in which domain deep learning is being used and how ?

    Nishu Garg

    thanks for the suggestions .

  • Hendrika Vande Kemp added an answer in Personality Tests:
    What is the best reference and administrative manual for Cattell's 16 Personality Factors?

    I am trying to learn about scoring 16PF (personality test)  profiles (validity indices, global scales, primary scales etc). I need a book or manual that describes this procedure in detail.

    I think "16PF Fifth Edition with updated norms: Administrator's Manual" by Russell and Karol (2002) is a good one. Can you introduce more recent and more available references on this topic?

    Thank you all in advance.

    Hendrika Vande Kemp

    Essentials of 16PF assessment.
    Essentials of psychological assessment series.
    By Cattell, Heather E. P.; Schuerger, James M.
    Essentials of 16PF® Assessment is a valuable guide to administering, scoring, and interpreting this popular measure of normal personality. Using the proven Essentials format, Cattell and Schuerger clearly describe how to use the instrument; provide critical information about its validity and reliability; and include helpful guidelines for using the instrument effectively with individuals, couples, and families, in settings ranging from clinical and forensic to corporate environments and other workplaces. Essentials of 16PF® Assessment provides comprehensive coverage of test administration, scoring, and interpretation. As well, this informative resource provides expert assessment of the method's relative strengths and weaknesses, valuable advice on its clinical applications, and illuminating sample cases. This book is designed to help professionals quickly acquire the knowledge and skills they need to make optimal use of a major psychological assessment instrument. Each concise chapter features numerous callout boxes highlighting key concepts, bulleted points, and extensive illustrative material, as well as test questions that help you gauge and reinforce your understanding of the information covered. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)

    The Sixteen Personality Factor (16PF) Questionnaire.
    doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-1185-4_10
    Understanding psychological assessment.
    By Cattell, Heather E. P.
    Dorfman, William I. (Ed); Hersen, Michel (Ed), (2001). Understanding psychological assessment. Perspectives on individual differences., (pp. 187-215). Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, xii, 380 pp.
    Describes the development, administration, scoring, and interpretation of the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF) Questionnaire. This normal range measure of personality can be used to comprehensively assess an individual's enduring personality make-up, rather than merely provide fragmentary information about symptomatology. The 1st section briefly describes the development of the 16PF test from basic research onto the structure of personality, including the discovery of the original Big-Five Factors. Next, the simple administration and scoring of the test are described. The rest of this chapter focuses on providing a sequence of interpretative steps to aid in 16PF interpretation. A case study of a 23-yr-old male illustrates how the test can be used to provide a comprehensive understanding of an individual from the beginning of the therapeutic process. It demonstrates how, particularly in a managed care setting, this information can be very effective in helping the clinician to place the presenting problem in context, develop empathy and rapport, and develop a treatment plan and appropriate therapeutic interventions. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)