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Questions related to sports
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I had the privilege to start my MSc at Cardiff University last year. And this year it has come to the point where I need to choose a topic for my dissertation.
I have a keen interest and experience in sports and sports analytics and would like to enhance it with the addition of Data Science. I believe there are various sports-related visualizations being carried across the internet but fail to understand the source for their data. But I fail to broaden my scope beyond what's already done!
Please take a few minutes of your time and help me come up with a unique topic for my dissertation.
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You can research the business side of sports, if you are interested - optimizing training/preparation costs; maximizing events' revenue, ecx.
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Hello,
I am working with my data with one IV (Likert Scale-Sports Engagement Scale) and one DV (6 Subscales-Likert Scale [Psychological Wellbeing Scale]). What statistical treatment is best to check their relationship and causal-relationship?
I hope you can answer it as soon as possible! Thank you so much!
Thank you so much!
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Hello Joseph,
if you have 6 scales than probably, you have 6 DVs and not one. Perhaps even more than 6 as most scales I know are undercomplex and comprised of more factors.
And of course, Daniel Wright is right, the question is which confounders (common causes of the IV and resp. DV) of each of each of the 6 "effects" are plausible. However, these questions should have been adressed prior to the data collection.
Good luck
Holger
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I am looking at gender equality in sports media. I have collected two screen time measures from TV coverage of a sport event - one time for male athletes and one time for female athletes.
i am looking for a statistical test to give evidence that one gender is favoured. I assume I have to compare each genders time against the EXPECTED time given a 50/50 split (so male time + female time / 2), as this would be the time if no gender was favoured.
my first though was chi square? But I’m not sure that works because there’s really only one category. I am pregnant and so my brain is not working at the moment lol. I think the answer is really simple but I just can’t think of anything.
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independent sample t-test best
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Dear Researchers,
Do you have any studies done on ethnic, racial, and family members who are successful in sports?
Can you share, if any?
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Dear Dr. Bulcsu Szekely
This research survey is about all kinds of athletes and sports players including football players. It would be really great if you participate in this research.
Best Regards
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Please help to circulate this questionnaire, which is part of a big international study (you can find below the questionnaire in different languages):
The project has the collaboration of researchers (including sport scientists) from 6 continents.
Globally, the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has transformed people’s day-to-day life. The world’s sporting calendar, recreational and professional, is almost unrecognisable. Athletes have seen access to training facilities and/or the ability to even leave their homes (i.e., to run, cycle) severely restricted, if not removed entirely. This questionnaire will investigate how the lockdown is affecting (or has affected) athletes’ lifestyle (including nutritional, psychological and sleep aspects) and how athletes are responding (have responded) to the pandemic.
Why participate in this project? Project outcomes will be used for research purposes and to inform current/future guidelines for athletes, coaches, sports scientists and (potentially) policymakers. It will reveal what has happened globally, across every inhabited continent, during the pandemic relative to athletes and their training practices. Your participation will contribute to improving the current and future lifestyle of athletes.
Target population: Elite or sub-elite athletes (amateur or professional from both genders, including Para athletes) from any country that is experiencing, or has experienced, a lockdown during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Privacy, confidentiality, and Data security : All responses will be de-identified and processed anonymously (you will not be asked to provide us with your name, ensuring total anonymity). No other identifying information, including IP address will be recorded. At the end of the study, the data will be destroyed in compliance with international regulations. Precautions will be taken to control access to all data. Only authorized individuals (principal investigators) will have access to the dataset. We’re minimizing the risk of breach of confidentiality by collecting and storing the data anonymously, and by saving data with password protection. This international survey has been approved by the Ethics Committee of Imam Khomeini International University.
Results : The results of this project will be used for scientific publications where it will not possible to identify any of the participants. To inquire about the results of the survey, please email the principal investigator. For any inquiries, please feel free to contact the principal investigator: Morteza Taheri E-mail: m.taheri@soc.ikiu.ac.ir
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Hello dear colleague.
A very interesting study. I can join.
I have experience in questioning student-athletes.
As well as the correction of their nutrition in order to increase immunity and endurance.
I would be happy to work together.
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Dear friends
One thing I noted in academia is that competition can sometimes be just as fierce as in the world of business.
Sometimes it can be small and petty like who should be first author, often triggered by purely selfish reasons and following justifications.
In other cases competition can be about grands, effectively rendering someone unemployed in some cases. I have seen bullying, discrimination more frequently than in the world of business, the place I come from.
This is truly the dark side of academia, there are also positive things but these are things that make me sick to my stomach.
What is your experience? Do you agree with my rather dark view? If not, why? If yes, how can we fix it?
Best wishes Henrik
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A first offhand very general remark: Market rules and habits infiltrated into sciences tend to deform scientific explorations and divert individual efforts to some sort of racing competitions...
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The increasing number of studies on e-sports, especially after the covid-19 pandemic, provides a lot of new information about the development of e-sports in the world. however, the recommendations of WHO and UNESCO to reduce sedentary behavior run counter to an actual increase in active exercise.
it is necessary to discuss the position of e-sports in sports terminology which has been closely related to physical activity and body training.
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To be more specific about sports risk management
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Oday Ghanem , one of the great values of books like that recommended by Pieter van de Griend is to look up the references used for the book material to get into the original research. Those references will in turn have previous references. That is what a lot of research is all about, before any new experiments are designed.
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Does doping in trainees and elite sports cause problems in the interpretation of results in scientific research?
As we know for instance about doping use in cycling before, how does this impact results found in previous times?
How can this be problematic in current research? As we can not be sure of clean athletes and/or subjects in research
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Well Done!
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Hi everyone! I would like to write my bachelor's thesis on a topic that's currently relevant in the sphere of analytics, supply chains or technology (or if it's possible a topic concerning all the three fields of interest). I am a business student, and my program covers anything related to the above mentioned fields.
Here are some examples of themes that I am interested in:
  • Sports(tennis, soccer, basketball and football)
  • Health and wellness
  • Real estate
  • Education
  • Sneakers
  • Food ingredients
  • Job market
Ideally, I would love to find a topic that relates to one of these themes. However, I am open to other suggestions as well. As long as it is interesting.
Obviously any kind of suggestions, regarding new topics (broad or specific) or the development of cited ones would be greatly appreciated.
Thank you in advance!
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Concessions or merchandise management at arenas and stadiums.
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I am doing research wherein I want to develop a scale for measuring sports participation but the only papers that I am getting regarding the same talks about frequency and duration. Please guide if anyone have idea regarding the same.
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Thank you sir
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What types of exercises and training variables (volume, intensity, repetitions, frequency, exercise selection, exercise order, and rest) are recommended for patients with Multiple sclerosis (MS)?
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Dear Hamidreza Khalounejad , there are various types of modalities that can be beneficial for persons with MS.
I have explained all types with detailed information such as volume, repetitions, exercise selection, etc particularly during COVID-19 in my latest article, which you can find it here:
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Hi,
I am currently working on a study of football and cricket venue (i.e. stadium, sports ground) locations. Can any one suggest prominent (and or) current literature/ theories that explains major sports venues location in terms of urban form (and/or strcuture)? Would be grateful, as it will help providing particular point of discussion for the study I am on.
The closest I could arrive is the discourse of Sports Geography, basically led by John Bale, where such relation has not been well addressed.
Your suggestions will be worthy. Thanks in advance.
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This is a big geopolitical question you asked Sami! This one I was reading recently you might find useful.
Xue, C. Q., Ding, G., Chang, W., & Wan, Y. (2019). Architecture of “Stadium diplomacy”-China-aid sport buildings in Africa. Habitat International, 90, 101985. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0197397518312657?via%3Dihub
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Does creatine supplementation increase insulin sensitivity?
What is your opinion?
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Evidence:
"Acute Cr supplementation (20 g.d(-1) for 5 d) followed by short-term Cr supplementation (3 g.d(-1) for 28 d) did not alter insulin action in healthy, active untrained men"
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I have done a content analysis of a sports documentary and have two seperate screentime values - one for female athlete screentime and one for male athlete screentime.
Which test would I need to run to determine whether there is a statistically significant difference between the two screentime values? I am trying to see if one sex gets significantly more coverage than the other.
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Hello, as per my knowledge u can use the software called SPSS, in that u need to add data in data view and make changes in variable view.
Post that is done, u make go to analyse section, the under compare means u need to select paired t - test....and once u make the pair and run the test...you'll find the correlation and significance level (2 tailed) . P value can be kept at 0.05
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I am writing a dissertation on a topic where I survey a team of female athletes who have a female head coach and need a validated questionnaire to use for the study. I have been searching and have not been successful.
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Kent Rondeau thank you. These references are helpful.
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What types of exercise and training variables (volume, intensity, repetitions, frequency, exercise selection, exercise order, and rest) are recommended for patients with Multiple sclerosis (MS)?
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The best MS exercises are aerobic exercises, stretching, and progressive strength training. Aerobic exercise is any activity that increases your heart rate, like walking, jogging, or swimming. You just don't want to overdo it—it should be done at a moderate level. https://www.pennmedicine.org/updates/blogs/neuroscience-blog/2017/may/multiple-sclerosis-and-exercise
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The Recovery Umbrella in the World of Elite Sport: Do Not Forget the Coaching and Performance Staff. December 2021, Sports 9(169):1-10.
In the field of sports science, the recovery umbrella is a trending topic, and even more so in the world of elite sports. This is evidenced by the significant increase in scientific publications during the last 10 years as teams look to find a competitive edge. Recovery is recognized to be an integral component to assist athlete preparation in the restoration of physical and psychological function, and subsequently, performance in elite team sports athletes. However, the importance of recovery in team staff members (sports coaches and performance staff) in elite sports appears to be a forgotten element. Given the unrelenting intense nature of daily tasks and responsibilities of team staff members, the elite sports environment can predispose coaches to increased susceptibility to psycho-socio physiological fatigue burden, and negatively affect health, wellbeing, and performance Therefore, the aim of this opinion was to (1) develop an educational recovery resource for team staff members, (2) identify organizational task-specific fatigue indicators and barriers to recovery and self-care in team staff members, and (3) present recovery implementation strategies to assist team staff members in meeting their organizational functions. It is essential that we do not forget the coaching and performance staff in the recovery process.
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Whereas i agree with Stephen David Edwards
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Hello Everyone,
I'm writing to request you to participate in the survey titled as "Green Sports Stadium and Food Security: A survey on Food Waste in Sports Stadium and Daily Life." The 2022 Beijing Olympic Winter Games are coming, and in order to improve the food management system this survey is being organized. Please fill out the questionnaire truthfully, as there is no right or wrong answer. Your true answers and opinions will contribute in the study. 
 
Please click the link below:
 
Thank you again for your support and cooperation!
 
Sadiya S. Silvee
Doctoral Research Fellow
School of Law, Zhengzhou University.
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I could not open your application
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There are a number of smart devices, video and comprehensive analytic platforms applied to sports. Soccer is no exception. What devices or platforms are popular and what are research challenges applied to soccer?
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you can check those devices & sensors Carbon fiber based strength Humanox made by telefonica
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Hello!
I'd like to measure HRV from a group of athletes with polar H10 monitors. Is there any solution to do it via PC/MAC without mobile apps?
PS: The only thing I want to record is R-R interval values - I use Kubios to analyze HRV data.
Thanks for help.
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as am I - I want to measure 3 staff in simulation at same time to one device
Andrew
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Heart Rate Variability is a well known and useful concept in Biomedical Engineering and Medical Sciences. Breath Rate is a lesser researched field and a newer measure Breath-Rate Variability is introduced recently to quantify meditation effect.
It is gaining attention of researchers as BRV has a number of novel applications. What could they be.
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Breath rate variability (BRV) as an alternate measure of meditation even over a short duration is proposed. The main objective of this study is to test the hypothesis that BRV is a simple measure that differentiates between meditators and nonmeditators.
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Biomechanical loading: external/internal | acute/chronic
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happy to help.
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Programs and applications for the kinematic analysis of the human body are many and varied, and they all share one goal, which is to reach correct results for the biomechanical variables of human movement, whether in life or in sports, but these programs differ in the way they work, although the basics are the same, all of them extract three basic variables: distance, time, angle, and possible To be added to it by information by the user of the program, such as the player's mass, the longest parts of the body, age, total height, etc., and its purpose is to extract additional variables by providing the program with laws. All this is reflected in the researcher in choosing the appropriate program for him in terms of application, method of use and the results he wants to obtain.
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Good question Yasir NAJAH Hussein
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I'm looking for research related to the rates at which sports teams/players exhibit intra-contest performance reversals. For example, in tennis the player who loses the first set wins the second. Or in the context of a period-based sport, an example would be a team in basketball outscored in the first quarter flipping the tables in the second.
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You might be able to get at this indirectly by reading up on the research in sport examining momentum as it often targets situations when momentum is "lost"
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The integral development of children is intimately with the game. In a bibliographic review of this area of scientific knowledge (children's game): Which authors should not be omitted?
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"What classical authors should not be omitted from in-depth studies on children's play?" -- Reinaldo Requeiro asks.
Briefly, I would point to classical authors: the Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget and the Soviet psychologist Lev Vygotsky.
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Which types game or sports are helpful for children's mental and physical development? Please put your valuable comments in this regards.
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sports help kids learn important social skills and how to interact with their peers more effectively.
Through team sports, kids learn how to lead, and negotiate with other kids to reach a common goal. Dr. Austerman said
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More and more clinicians have interesting experiences with glucose 5% injections. However, we lack fundamental research to support our clinical findings. (below: more information about Glucopuncture / glucose 5% injections)
Jan Kersschot
Glucopuncture: Introduction
1. Definition
Glucopuncture is a nonsteroidal injection therapy for the management of a variety of nonrheumatic musculoskeletal conditions. It consists of series of sessions of multiple regional glucose 5% injections into the dermis and into muscles, tendons, and ligaments. Intradermal injections are given to modulate referred pain and intralesional injections are applied to support tissue repair.
2. History
Glucose and dextrose injections have been used for several decades in prolotherapy ([i], [ii], [iii], [iv], [v], [vi], [vii], [viii], [ix]). Hypertonic dextrose prolotherapy typically uses high concentrations of dextrose (10% net concentration or more). Such hyperosmolar solutions lead to localized cell destruction. This phenomenon creates a local inflammatory reaction. This may lead to tissue proliferation – hence the description prolotherapy - and even formation of scar tissue.
Over the last decade, low concentrations of glucose 5% (or dextrose 5%) have become more popular ([x], [xi], [xii], [xiii], [xiv], [xv], [xvi], [xvii]). Clinical experience indicates that glucose 5% injections may be effective for the management of a variety of musculoskeletal conditions. Despite interesting clinical outcome, glucose 5% injections have not received much attention among family physicians, sports doctors, or orthopaedic surgeons. The term Glucopuncture (GP) was introduced in January 2021 to change that situation ([xviii]).
3. Mechanism of Action
3. 1. Pain Modulation and Tissue Repair
Most hypotheses about glucose injections are focused on pain modulation (e.g., vanilloid receptors, neural inflammation, gate control). But these theories on pain modulation are not specific for glucose injections. Furthermore, these theories do not explain the beneficial effects of Glucopuncture on tissue repair. Certain tissues seem to function better after a few sessions. Apparently, local glucose injections support cellular function and consequently lead to tissue repair clinical functional improvement. This functional improvement leads to, for example, less stiffness when injecting into muscle, and more joint stability when injecting into collateral bands or ligaments. To explain this functional component, a new hypothesis has been proposed, the ATP hypothesis.
3.2. The ATP Hypothesis
Glucose is the major energy source for cellular health. One glucose molecule gives rise to more than 30 ATP molecules during the aerobic respiration. The conversion of ATP into ADP releases about 30 kJ/mol energy to the cells. In other words, glucose can be considered as a direct provider of energy (one molecule delivers more than 900 kJ/mol) to cell metabolism.
When tissues are damaged because of trauma, overuse or other causes, the cells need to regenerate as quickly as possible. This physiological tissue regeneration requires an additional amount of energy in the cells. In normal circumstances, energy supply is abundant to meet the higher demand. The cells are so to speak self-sufficient when it comes to ATP production. But when the need for ATP is elevated, there may be a temporary lack of ATP and as a result physiological recovery of that tissue may become impossible. The latter may lead to poor tissue healing. Providing extra glucose to the cells during these moments of repair might lead to extra ATP production. In this sense, it is hypothesized that Glucopuncture improves tissue repair of, for example, muscles, tendons, and ligaments.
3.3. The Effect of Glucose on Tiny Nerve Branches
Especially peripheral nerve endings seem to respond well to adjacent glucose injections. This effect is not observed when glucose is injected intravenously, which may mean that the mechanism of action is located in the extracellular matrix at the injection site. More research is required to further explore this. One can approach the peripheral nerves directly, for example, when injecting close to the median nerve (carpal tunnel) or greater occipital nerve. But clinical experience has illustrated that it is not always necessary to inject adjacent to peripheral nerves. Reaching the finer branches with glucose seems to be equally important. These extremely tiny nerve endings are present in muscles, tendons, ligaments, and so on. These fine nerve branches are also impossible to find during clinical examination – let alone inject each one of them separately. That is why multiple injections are given in the entire region.
3.4. The Effect of Glucose on Dermal Sensory Nociceptors
Sensory receptors are found everywhere in the body. They are also abundant in dermis. That is probably the reason why superficial injections of glucose can be more influential than expected. It is sometimes said that the skin is the largest sensory organ of the human body. These dermal sensory receptors are an important part of the somatosensory system. These receptors include mechanoreceptors, nociceptors, and thermoreceptors. Especially dermal nociceptors are important to explain the pain modulating effects of Glucopuncture while injecting glucose intradermally.
In other words, it is hypothesized that peripheral nerves which are irritated or inflamed, require more glucose than normally because they are mechanically irritated, inflamed or both. At some point, the ATP levels are too low and ‘batteries’ are empty. Providing additional ATP through glucose injection might resolve this issue temporary. This so-called ‘charging’ of the cells must be repeated on a regular basis until the cells can continue to function without external sources of ATP. That might explain why it is crucial to repeat the Glucopuncture sessions on a regular basis, especially in the beginning of treatment. This theory is still hypothetical and more research in this field is required to confirm these statements.
3.5. Glucose transport across the cell membrane
Glucose is transported across the cell membrane ([xix]) by a specific saturable transport system, which includes two types of glucose transporters: 1) sodium dependent glucose transporters (SGLTs) which transport glucose against its concentration gradient and 2) sodium independent glucose transporters (GLUTs), which transport glucose by facilitative diffusion in its concentration gradient.
The understanding of glucose transport after extracellular injection and its consequent effect on small branches of peripheral nerve endings in, for example, muscle tissue, tendons, ligaments, and its effect on dermal nociceptors is obviously still incomplete and needs further investigation. It is hoped that the introduction of Glucopuncture and its promising clinical effects might stimulate more research in the field of neural inflammation and the beneficial effects of regional glucose injections. Unfortunately, glucose is an inexpensive product which cannot be patented, so it is very unlikely to receive funding for large randomized clinical trials from pharmaceutical companies.
[i] Reeves KD, Sit RW, Rabago DP. Dextrose Prolotherapy: A Narrative Review of Basic Science, Clinical Research, and Best Treatment Recommendations. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2016 Nov;27(4):783-823. doi: 10.1016/j.pmr.2016.06.001. PMID: 27788902
[ii] Distel LM, Best TM. Prolotherapy: a clinical review of its role in treating chronic musculoskeletal pain. PM R. 2011 Jun;3(6 Suppl 1):S78-81. doi: 10.1016/j.pmrj.2011.04.003. PMID: 21703585.
[iii] Ganji R. Dextrose prolotherapy for improvement of rotator cuff lesions: ready for clinical use?. Hong Kong Med J. 2018;24(4):429–430. doi:10.12809/hkmj187480
[iv] Rabago D, Nourani B. Prolotherapy for Osteoarthritis and Tendinopathy: a Descriptive Review. Curr Rheumatol Rep. 2017 Jun;19(6):34. doi: 10.1007/s11926-017-0659-3. PMID: 28484944.
[v] Rabago D, Kansariwala I, Marshall D, Nourani B, Stiffler-Joachim M, Heiderscheit B. Dextrose Prolotherapy for Symptomatic Knee Osteoarthritis: Feasibility, Acceptability, and Patient-Oriented Outcomes in a Pilot-Level Quality Improvement Project. J Altern Complement Med. 2019;25(4):406–412. doi:10.1089/acm.2018.0361
[vi] Reeves KD, Hassanein KM. Long-term effects of dextrose prolotherapy for anterior cruciate ligament laxity. Altern Ther Health Med. 2003 May-Jun;9(3):58-62. PMID: 12776476.
[vii] Dwivedi S, Sobel AD, DaSilva MF, Akelman E. Utility of Prolotherapy for Upper Extremity Pathology. J Hand Surg Am. 2019 Mar;44(3):236-239. doi: 10.1016/j.jhsa.2018.05.021. Epub 2018 Jun 23. PMID: 29945842.
[viii] Reeves KD, Hassanein K. Randomized prospective double-blind placebo-controlled study of dextrose prolotherapy for knee osteoarthritis with or without ACL laxity. Altern Ther Health Med. 2000 Mar;6(2):68-74, 77-80. PMID: 10710805
[ix] Seven MM, Ersen O, Akpancar S, Ozkan H, Turkkan S, Yıldız Y, Koca K. Effectiveness of prolotherapy in the treatment of chronic rotator cuff lesions. Orthop Traumatol Surg Res. 2017 May;103(3):427-433. doi: 10.1016/j.otsr.2017.01.003. Epub 2017 Feb 16. PMID: 28215611.
[x] Maniquis-Smigel L, Reeves KD, Rosen JH, et al. . Short term analgesic effects of 5% dextrose epidural injection for chronic low back pain. A randomized controlled trial. Anesth Pain Med 2017;7:e42550.
[xi] Köroğlu, Özlem & Orscelik, Aydan & Karasimav, Özlem & Demir, Yasin & Solmaz, İlker. (2019). Is 5% dextrose prolotherapy effective for radicular low back pain? Gulhane Medical Journal . 2019, Vol. 61 Issue 3, p123-127. 5p.
[xii] Lyftogt, John. (2007). Subcutaneous prolotherapy treatment of refractory knee, shoulder, and lateral elbow pain. Australasian Musculoskel Med. 12. 107-109.
[xiii] Weglein, AD. Neural Prolotherapy. Journal of Prolotherapy. 2001;3(2):639-643
[xiv] Paprottka KJ, Lehner A, Fendler WP, et al. Reduced periprocedural analgesia after replacement of water for injection with glucose 5% solution as the infusion medium for 90Y-Resin microspheres. J Nucl Med. 2016;57(11)(1679-1684).
[xv] Mansız-Kaplan B, Nacır B, Pervane-Vural S, Genç H. Pain relief in a patient with snapping scapula after 5% dextrose injection. Turk J Phys Med Rehabil. 2020 Aug 18;66(3):368-369. doi: 10.5606/tftrd.2020.4169. PMID: 33089095; PMCID: PMC7557628.
[xvi] Solmaz İ, Akpancar S, Örsçelik A, Yener-Karasimav Ö, Gül D. Dextrose injections for failed back surgery syndrome: a consecutive case series. Eur Spine J. 2019 Jul;28(7):1610-1617. doi: 10.1007/s00586-019-06011-3. Epub 2019 May 21. PMID: 31115685
[xvii] Amanollahi, A., Asheghan, M., & Hashemi, S. E. (2020). Subacromial corticosteroid injection versus subcutaneous 5% dextrose in patients with chronic rotator cuff tendinopathy: A short-term randomized clinical trial, Interventional Medicine and Applied Science IMAS, 11(3), 154-160
[xviii] Kersschot J, Glucopuncture: Series of Regional Multiple Glucose 5% Injections. Adv Complement Alt Med. 6(2). ACAM.000636.2021.
[xix] Jurcovicova J. Glucose transport in brain - effect of inflammation. Endocr Regul. 2014 Jan;48(1):35-48. doi: 10.4149/endo_2014_01_35. PMID: 24524374.
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Jan Kersschot Excellent topic! Prolotherapy is the near-future. You should better refer to Spine Intervention Society as their associated clinicians/researchers can help you provide with the data for your hypothesis testing.
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Of course, the quality of team sports will be significantly reduced. The consequences will be significant and the desired level of quality will not be achieved for a long time. With that, the teams, the sports workers and the audience will lose equally.
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Also, go through the following RG link.
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I am searching for an instrument to measure stakeholders’ perception (students, teachers, parents, Curriculum Officers) on students’ participation in extracurricular sporting activities. Your contribution will be appreciated.
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Thanks all for you valuable contribution.
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If we study the numbers from various research companies on Indian sports viewership, we can find that its growing every year. But if we study the participation levels in sports which can be further divided into 'Professional & Recreational' there are chances of downward trend.
Please share your thoughts.
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Thank you P veena
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Big data has a positive contribution towards wide ranging industries, so it's not surprising that it's affects sports too.
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Very interesting question.
With regards
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dear all,
i'am searching for some good reviews in the field of hydrogen use, hydrogen effect, hydrogen fuel technology in the field of sports and medicine.
please share your papers with me.
is there some research in the field of regeneration in sports and post operation in medicine?
is there some research in special sports like triathlon, canoe, swimming and lifting?
thanks.
beste regards
torsten
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Dear Torsten, here are more recent papers:
Alharbi AAD, Ebine N, Nakae S, Hojo T, Fukuoka Y. Application of Molecular Hydrogen as an Antioxidant in Responses to Ventilatory and Ergogenic Adjustments during Incremental Exercise in Humans. Nutrients 2021;13(2):459.
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In case of nitric oxide supplements, would this activate vasodilation in both active and less active (muscle) tissues, and would that be non optimal?
Would NO not cause VD also in tissues that have a restricted blood flow during exercise. E.G the digestive system, or other bloodvessels? Would that not cause a negative effect in sport?
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Respected colleague,
One of the characteristic side effects of taking creatine monohydrate is diarrhea.
Is there a solution?
Reduce the amount of intake? Use an additional supplement?
Thanks for the answers.
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Let's say you have to come up with a way to make a lineup for a team. So you get the team stats and player stats like passing, Tackles, Shooting, Interceptions (It's soccer). Anyway you made the lineup, but you have to validate it if that lineup is the best lineup of the team. How do you validate the lineup you have made without playing the team in a match.
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Dr.Ramon Araneta,Thanks for important question.
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I'm working on my thesis right now about relationship between sport heritage values and supporter's sense of place (of the city they live in). I had the idea that I should first measure the general sense of place using a likert scale system of several statement similar to those of Willams and Vaske (2003) and Jorgenson & Stedman (2001).
Then I had the idea to compose statements (also in likert scale format) regarding the sports club (the ''sense of the sports club'' as it were) that I based on sport heritage factors/values I explored in the theoretical framework.
So in short: I want to measure two different sets of likert scale data from the SAME respondent group and then I want to measure if there is a correlation between the sport heritage data outcome and the sense of place data outcome. As in for example: does a high 'sense of sportsclub' result in a higher sense of place compared to a lower sense of sportsclub?
Now comes my question(s): Is this a good idea? and so yes, how to measure this? Which statistical analysis should I use or is it maybe better to make sport heritage statements with only yes/no answers? Or am I tackling it the wrong way? (statistical analysis isn't my strong suit)
Any advice is welcome!
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You could use item analysis with Cronbach's alpha for reliability on both 'sense of sport club' Likert type items and 'sense of place' Likert type items to define how to calculate 'test' scores for both, and then calculate the Pearson correlations between the 2 test scores.
see:
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Symptom Description: 1, boys 1.5 to 3.0 years old, in the Meiji early childhood pre-school training, exercise language, sports, communication and other skills courses. At the same time, there are 6 to 10 children of the same age; symptoms: more than 20 courses over a period of six months, he is the only one who has never been able to quiet down to participate in interactive learning; 2, do not look at people; avoid eyes; 3, do not respond to calls; 4, running around, looking for interested environment and games; 5, explicitly refused to participate in various activities interacting with peers.
But its ability to learn to master digital cognitive abilities and interests beyond its peers reflects the absence of IQ problems.
Medical experts were asked to examine it, after more than 1 hour of special testing (with its interactive game), the conclusion is: not yet sure is ADHD, too young to be treated, still need to actively observe, track the evolution of symptoms.
In the hospital pediatrics can see that many children are suffering from this problem. Including students between the ages of 7 and 10, lack of concentration leads to poor learning ability.
Do you have experts who have encountered similar problems, how do you class these symptoms when you are unwilling to learn from group activities, and how do you complete their education,
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Hi,
ADHD has comorbid conditions and needs evaluation by a child and adolescent Psychiatrist. These problems are common in ADHD and treatment has to be planned according to strengths and weaknesses.
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I see the same activity factor (multipliers) in research papers and websites, but I cannot find where they come from. Does anyone know where these originated? I am looking for an original citation, or at least a reputable citation like an ACSM textbook.
Sedentary (little or no exercise) : Calorie-Calculation = BMR x 1.2
Lightly active (light exercise/sports 1-3 days/week) : Calorie-Calculation = BMR x 1.375
Moderately active (moderate exercise/sports 3-5 days/week) : Calorie-Calculation = BMR x 1.55
Very active (hard exercise/sports 6-7 days a week) : Calorie-Calculation = BMR x 1.725
Extra active (very hard exercise/sports & physical job or 2x training) : Calorie-Calculation = BMR x 1.9
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Harris JA, Benedict FG. A biometric study of human basal metabolism. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 1918;4(12):370-3.
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As background, in my model, my independent variable is visual clutter which has two conditions (higher visual clutter/ low visual clutter) and the conditions measure the amount of visual clutter in an Augmented reality sports setting depicted through illustrations. Within these two conditions, the sport type, basketball and soccer (2 created AR sports illustrations per conditions) are statistically different through analysis of a paired- samples t-test. They differ with regards to the dependent variable: consumer satisfaction.
I am running process by Hayes in SPSS, how can I include sport type as a covariate for the analysis? I am supposed to create a dummy variable but I don,t know how to do that as both are continuous variables and constituents of the dependent variable (Consumer satisfaction for both sports grouped together).
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In your opinion, to what extent it can affect ??
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The impact on education is likely to be more devastating in countries with low learning outcomes, high dropout rates, and weak resilience to shocks. While school closures appear to be a logical solution to enforcing social distancing within local communities, prolonged school closures will have a disproportionately negative impact on the most affected students. These students have fewer opportunities to learn at home, and the time they spend outside of school may represent an economic burden for their parents, who may face challenges in finding care for their children for a long time, or even providing adequate food in the absence of school meals.
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Kicking ability represents the most important soccer-specific skill, since it is used not only in passes, crosses, clearances, and also to score goals.
The ability to kick equally with both the preferred and non-preferred leg leads to an advantage for soccer players, since it increases the number of scoring opportunities. In modern football, this ability is becoming even more important as there is less space and time for players to decide what we do with the ball. In fact, there is positive relationship between player’s salary and ability to use two feet in professional soccer.
However, ball velocity is significantly lower after a kick with the non-preferred leg in comparison to the preferred one.
It’s known that two-footedness can be developed, to some extent, by training. But it would be possible to develop two-footed players in soccer club academys? Why don't we teach our soccer players to use both feet equally well?
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It is not only possible but totally necessary: that the soccer player have high bilateral motor skills allows their technical executions to be better. This improvement in sports performance leads to a decrease in the incidence of injuries since by optimizing bilateral movement patterns we are avoiding positions or gestures prone to injury.
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A recent report shows that working women in corporate sector are likely to quit their jobs or downshifting their careers due to challenges faced by Covid-19. It is said that may be this is due to increased hours of work at home as well as due to contributing at least six hours in domestic chores without maids and managing children without school and sports etc have all compel them to take second thoughts in continuing or quitting their own job.
Inviting participation and discussion....
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We should not forget that women are less affected by COVID-19 infection than men.
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Dear students and university teachers,
This survey is conducted as a part of a study organized by the Prof. Oleg Nemtsev (Department of Sports Disciplines, Institute of Physical Culture and Judo, Adyghe State University, Maykop, Russia) in order to study the attitude of sports professionals to the doping problem.
Only students and teachers from universities and faculties of physical education and sports with experience in sports and (or) coaching activities are invited to take part in the survey. Please, read each question, think and choose one answer that you think is most suitable. Only 16 questions! Questioning is carried out anonymously, your answers will never be associated with individual participants and the results will only be analysed in aggregate.
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Good luck
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Neck collars reduce the probability of brain trauma in contact sports.
Is this because impacts on trunk and neck veins being, just or persistently, hindered from a normal emptying can reach the brain far more easily than such exerted on arteries?
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Thank you for looking into this point, Dr. Singh!
But what about exploring the role of central venous excess pressures in archetypal multiple sclerosis with its vein-centered brain lesions?
It was great to learn what you think RE the link
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One of the countries having an important place in world tourism is Turkey. Turkey is among the countries which increases the importance and share in world tourism. Turkey has important cities in terms of having natural, historical, sporting and cultural aspects. Which city do you think the most important tourist city of Turkey?
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Sirince
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We are currently looking for a new mobile eye tracker. In the past, we used the SMI ETG. Since this company was bougth by apple, it does not provide support anymore. Therefore we are looking for a new company that provides eye trackers as well as supporting software. What experiences do you have? What are the best options available at the moment?
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Tobii eye-trackers are usually good as well as cheaper than SMI eye-trackers. However, after being bought by apple SMI has started manufacturing good quality eye-tracking glasses which are very convenient and portable for recording.
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Is there anyone with any ideas regards a Sports Therapy dissertation? My interest is in spine pathology,neurological disorders, or how well patients follow and understand their exercise prescriptions,advice etc. Im struggling
to decide what to do. Any ideas?Is there anything which you would like to know but there is a gap in that topic?
Thank you
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I think with the aging of the world population to perhaps look at older athletes (exercisers) might be a novel area of interest. What are Masters/Veteran athletes doing relative to injury prevention and treatment? Especially if they were athletes in their youth; that is, are they better now in dealing with injuries or adhering to prescriptions of exercise routine to prevent/recovery from injury?
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In countries now at the top of the league for death scores, invincibility myths have been propagated by some politicians, and mirrored by the press, in the early phase of the pandemic.
Are there thorough studies from behavioural sciences scholars, on how invincibility speeches and higher death rates correlate?
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Invincibility speeches, and the analysis of the response of the public to these, may benefit from systemic behavioural studies such as:
-do the public respond better to "self-protection" or "don't spread it" messages?
"Don't get it or don't spread it? Comparing self-interested versus prosocially framed COVID-19 prevention messaging" J Jordan, E Yoeli, D Rand - 2020
-game theoretic approach to political communication for public trust development in the pandemic era
"An Opportunity to Build Legitimacy and Trust in Public Institutions in the Time of COVID-19" Stuti Khemani
Enjoy the reading
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People usually go out at night to popular restaurants, cafes, sports bars etc in a neighbourhood streets where residential use along local streets has made way to commercial uses. These places are very vibrant and generate a lot of business (day and night) that they have become important nodes in the city but no study has been commissioned by the city authorities on the contribution these streets make to the local economy. It becomes difficult from a planning perspective to plan and regulate some of the night-time activities that occur in these places to mitigate negative externalities. So I wanted to conduct a study of night-time economies but I don't know what's the best approach or methods to use.
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It can be assess based on the night time functions analysis in the local street.
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How can TV sports media transmit and keep abreast of all national and international sporting developments in light of what the various social networking sites offer on the Internet, especially as we live in the information and fast knowledge society?
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I Agree With Gift Adene
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What is the mission of the sports institution
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I think it depends on the role of sport organization. There are different kind of sport organizations, eg: sport goods company, sevice related organization
it depends
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I am a third year Mathematics with Statistics student currently completing a project within multiple linear regression. I am currently struggling to obtain a data set within sports to show how statistics can be used in many areas of life. The data set will have to be continuous for the dependent and independent variables and have applications within sports. Any help with finding a data set or a place to find one would be greatly appreciated. Thanks a lot for your help.
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The data you use are raw grades and in any game and mathematical skill
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Imagine, for example, a sports car designer, who was solving aerodynamic problems in Wind tunnels, without being able to understand the turbulence, an economist who has been analyzing consumer's psychology for years, without being able to predict wider trends. All these experts, knowing that the components of their disciplines are different, believe that the systems made up of millions of such components must, of course, be different. Do different systems behave differently?
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Different systems have common properties that do not depend on their nature. These are system-wide properties. And each system has its own specifics related to the subject area. I have been researching both system-wide properties and specific features of various systems using intelligent technologies
У разных систем есть общие свойства, не зависящие от их природы. Это общесистемные свойства. И у каждой системы есть своя специфика, связанная предметной областью. Я занимался исследованием как общесистемных свойств, так и специфических особенностей различных систем с применением интеллектуальных технологий
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Hi. I am looking into free databases of energy expenditure in sports and free-living conditions, based on heart rate signals and demographic data (gender, age, weight, height). Additionally, databases with heart rate and gas exchange data could be very useful. If anyone could point me in the right direction I would be very grateful.
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Hi Alexandra, I think that my latest review paper could be useful. If you want, you can download a free copy of the article at this link: https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1asw3xsQaBzwg
Best regards,
Gloria
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Vonnegut tells of a "shape of a story" that he calls "man in a hole." It looks like an inverted pyramid or an inverted yield curve.
There are lots of experiences in arts, sports, business, politics and life in general. It is narrative of a sport club that went behind and then turned the tables on its opponent and made the biggest come and won the game. It could also be a person who had it all in life, but for whatever reason, disaster struck and he/she lost it all and hit rock bottom, but managed over time to rise up from the ashes against all odds.
It is also businesses were at one point rode a wave and received accolades, "best employer, fastest growing, most profitable or even the most admired, but something went wrong and the firm hit bottom of the inverted pyramid.
  1. Do you examples of these?
  2. What would you attribute their come back to?
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Ok Thank you Prof. Kheepe Lawrence Moremi
As stand out after being rejected, I think modern quantum physics couldn´t exist without Bose´s paper about Bose–Einstein statistics and condensate, 1924 by Bose, S (1924). Plancks Gesetz und Lichtquantenhypothese. Z. Physik 26: 178. doi:10.1007/BF01327326
Why ? because all spin 1 particles obey Bose–Einstein´s statistics & that means that photons & phonons could not be understood well & hereby used in optical and electronic industry widely.
Late in 1923 [Bose] submitted a paper to the subject to the Philosophical magazine. Six months later the editors of the magazine informed him that (regrettably) the referee’s reports on his paper were negative. Undeterred, he sent the rejected manuscript to Einstein …
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Hello everyone. I was asked to submit our original research (pilot study) to Sports and Exercise Medicine Open Access Journal (SEMOJ)...we are in the process of rewrites and I was ask if the $1000 publication fee is the normal for the industry. I know that when we submitted to the Orthopedic Journal of Sports Medicine (OJSM) they also charged a similar fee. I was wandering if The Sports and Exercise Medicine Open Access Journal is legitimate? I don't mind paying the fee if it gets my work out there to the scientific community. Thanks.
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Excellent discussion.
Keep an eye out for the following:
1/ Generally, predatory journals will use overly flattering language to solicit you to submit a manuscript with the promise of "quick" publication. They usually do not mention fees in the initial soliciting message. The mention of fees also will not be easily found on their websites. Legitimate journals should (and typically) have their fees explicitly listed on the submissions page. Also check the contact information provided by whomever contacts you (see item 3 below).
2/ The editorial staff should be easy to find. Who are they? What institutions are they affiliated with? Whom exactly are you contacting when you have a question? You should be able to easily see this, along with their personal and institutional information should you want to do a simple Google search.
3/ Out of curiosity, I've gone as far as doing a Google search for the address of a publisher that raised a red flag, and it appeared to be a random dockside warehouse. If they do give contact information, make sure to check it.
4/Their websites may look dated, or may have other suspicious content. I have never seen a publisher's website with "pleased customer" comments on it(??). This is not lunch at a fish and chips joint.
Again, these may not be enough to blacklist any journal per se. When in doubt, ask your institution's library staff or a colleague to help you verify. This latter point is further emphasized if research counts toward upward movement in your institution, as the relevant committee may check the legitimacy of this journal and the publication may not count.
Cheers.
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Can anybody refer me to any research literature around the use of breathing regulation in sport or golf as part of pre-performance routines?
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Hi Edward,
Here are some references dealing with the relationship between caffeine, skill level and respiratory rates in golfers. It may not be exactly what you are looking for but they might be useful to help you get started.
All the best,
G
Mumford PW, Tribby AC, Poole CN, et al. Effect of Caffeine on Golf Performance and Fatigue during a Competitive Tournament. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2016;48(1):132–138. doi:10.1249/MSS.0000000000000753
Neumann DL, Thomas PR. The relationship between skill level and patterns in cardiac and respiratory activity during golf putting. Int J Psychophysiol. 2009;72(3):276–282. doi:10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2009.01.001
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Hi Everyone,
I am applying for graduate school and would like to recreationally read some articles, journals, and books in hopes of finding studies that focus on sports and exercise psychology theories. Could you recommend some previous research or current research?
Best,
Sean Daniell
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The following publications may further help:
  • Gratton, C. and Jones, I. (2010) Research methods for sports studies. 2nd edn. New York, NY: Routledge.
  • Moran, A. P. (2004) Sport and Exercise Psychology : A Critical Introduction. New York, NY: Routledge.
  • O’Halloran, L., Littlewood, M., Richardson, D., Tod, D. and Nesti, M. (2018) Doing descriptive phenomenological data collection in sport psychology research, in Skinner, J. and Engelberg, T. (eds.) Research Methodologies for Sport Scholarship. Oxon, UK: Routledge, Chapter 8, pp. 124-135.
  • Shaw, D. F., Gorely, T. and Corban, R. M. (2005) Instant Notes: Sport & Exercise Psychology. New York, NY: Garland Science/BIOS Scientific Publishers.
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I am conducting a research about understanding the impact of sports betting on football in Europe’s top 5 Leagues.
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Daniel Wright This is my research question
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Please how can I get the questionnaire? Am doing research on mental toughness and I need the questionnaire. Please if you send the questionnaire to me I will be glad. Alternatively, provide me with details of copyright owners
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Everyone is aware of Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) is limited to a very few subjects.Would It be possible a PISA report including sports and physical education? What the first steps would be in achieving that goal?
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I think yours is a great idea. Sports and physical education needs to be valued equivalent to normal studies and one of the effective ways to do that is to include it maybe in the PISA report. It will be a good measure of sporting indulgence of all the member countries of PISA....
Its a great idea Daniel Martínez Aguado
One step we could take in that direction could be schools themselves introducing sports and physical education as a subject and working on making sure every child is at least exposed to, if not forced to any of the many sporting activities which can become hobbies for life for many of them!
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causes behind the harrasment thinking towards females athletes, and how these could be measures
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لان الجسم يكون مكشوف من خلال الحركة المستمره بحركات رياضية
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Hello Everyone. I’m doing my research on Business Ethics under CSR topic in Afghanistan.
My thesis objectives are, To study current CSR practices. To examine CSR impact on society (in the are of education, health, sports and community Devlp) To develop a CSR model for Afghan private firms. I went through Carroll and ISO26000 CSR models and few others, as I want to propose a model for Afghan firms here in this context , can u plz guide me how to initiate it in Afghan context ..any suggestions you would prefer. Thanks in advance and appreciate ur time.
Regards, Masood
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Following Ilan I do feel conceptualisation of CSR may well not translate.
Looking at various models useful.
Look at global governance
Map out governance and institutional frameworks and various stakeholders. As you have Islamic Republic this terrain will be interesting.
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Suggestions for SROI model (Social Return on Investment) are welcome. Main focus in soccer/football but othet team sports are acceptable:
- methods;
- papers;
- open discussions.
Thanks in advance!
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send me an e-mail to keco@ucn.dk :-)
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I am working on Sports Diplomacy with various ideas to expand this young area theoretically and practically if any body or any institute can support me financially.
for more know about my published paper:
Kambiz Abdi
Ph.D. Candidate in Sports Management, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad (FUM), Iran Director of Teamwork Research Group
(Extraction, Edition, Translation, and Publication of Iranians' Research Articles)
Work Email: Teamworkir1@gmail.com, Home Email: Goodkambiz@gmail.com
Cell Phone: +989186460664 (Telegram, Whats App, etc)
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IOC Olympic solidarity grant and PhD grant program is most appropriate solution for you.
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There are some legislative, regulatory and financial constraints that prevent sports clubs from turning into shareholding companies.
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Obstacles to transforming sports clubs into joint stock companies:
1- The new law does not provide details on how to transfer the branches of the sports club to joint stock companies.
2- Not allowing non-Egyptian investors to be members of the board of directors or owning clubs and affiliated companies.
3 - Non-eligibility of members of clubs affiliated to companies to attend the General Assembly or run for the Board of Directors and consider them (visiting member).
4- Lack of standards related to the assets rights of football companies owned by the club by 51%, and 49% to shareholders.
5 - stakes large public clubs on the support of the Ministry of Youth, which is contrary to the idea of ​​being on the stock exchange.
6 - lack of sports clubs many of the sources of income that depend on global clubs such as (stadium revenues - selling clothes - restaurants - museums - new sponsorship contracts ..).
7 - The law does not include a mechanism for sports financing to reduce government spending on sports clubs.
8- Lack of qualified management to understand the needs of the new investor in the sports field.
9- Lack of investment map showing the type and location of sports clubs suitable for investment and transfer to shareholding companies.
10 - the possibility of turning sports clubs into companies seeking to profit exclusively and eliminate family sports to maximize profit only.
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There are some requirements for turning clubs into shareholding companies.
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Requirements of converting sports clubs into joint stock companies:
1. A football joint stock company should be established and be separate from other activities of the club.
2. Establish temporary rules for listing in the Stock Exchange and granting sports clubs exceptions to certain conditions related to profitability and financial performance.
3 - the need to raise the possibility of ownership of more than 51% of football companies to provide adequate financial support from foreign investors.
Diversify the income sources of sports clubs and encourage them to increase their financial resources away from the state
5 - Develop an investment map of clubs for sale or investment to attract investors.
6 - Separation of the football sector in clubs and joint stock companies affiliated administratively and financially with an independent budget.
7 - Transforming the administrative thinking of sports clubs to investment thinking in the first place and spreading the investment culture.
8 - the need for a professional management of business for sports clubs to achieve high profit rates and not rely on the state.
9 - Apply the concepts of governance to the sports club or joint stock companies before the launch of the Egyptian Stock Exchange.
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There are some advantages to turning sports clubs into joint stock companies in Egypt.
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The advantages of converting sports clubs into joint stock companies are as follows:
1- Reducing the burden on the state budget by eliminating subsidies from the cost of utilities (electricity - water), which is estimated in billions annually.
2 - Improving the performance of sports clubs and benefit the Stock Exchange additional activity when the inclusion of sports clubs
3- Addressing waste in the state budget.
4 - the existence of a specific definition of private clubs and that the activity of sports services.
5 - Elimination of indiscriminate disbursement and spending on clubs.
6 - the possibility of the establishment of each sports club companies contribute to football and other different games.
7. Possibility of offering the sports services companies affiliated to the sports clubs in a public subscription in accordance with the provisions of the law.
8- The emergence of more organized tournaments with more professional players.
9- The possibility of the members of the sports club owning shares or shares in its joint stock companies.
10. Create new job opportunities and an integrated network of services in sports clubs and joint stock companies to improve their performance.
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I am doing my Masters dissertation on the Development of a sport in a country while studying the behaviour and motivation of sports fans. I have chosen the mixed methods approach to collect my primary data where I am going to Interview the manager of the sport's governing body in that country at the same time surveying the fans in that country. I am not sure what to write in the Research Design and Research Philosophy sections of my methodology. What should my Research philosophy be and which Research design describes my project best?
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Do not forget the female sports. The gender equality lacks in music, art and the like. Also female foot ball and ice-hockey are taken less seriously than a male running after a foot-ball or a black small round thing on the ice. At least in our country. Also in science the women were supposed to sit at home when the man puts forward his PhD thesis. The protocol is solely elaborated for men. Think about this philosophy that 50% of the global population is discarded from many activities due to male dominans or fear of women being as good as they are.
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What is the future of aggregator companies?
As there is a major economic shift happening all around the world.
Aggregators are present in every field right from Finance to Sports.
I share this question to all the scholars here and want to know honest views.
Regards,
Parth
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For me aggregators have better future.
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Often, while thinking about the harsh economic situation in countries like Argentina and Brazil, I would say myself, "OMG, what would they have done without soccer!". This study is a good kickoff -- it should be carried out globally by fellow researchers. And, above all, this is a note of hope for the world.
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It is a common belief that people find sports and especially football as a way to pause their thoughts and problems when they are going through an economic crisis. This was the case in Cyprus as from 2013 !. On the other hand though, this might drive them to misbehavior actions and most of the times you could have increase of disorder incidents and extreme hooliganism actions.
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Which role takes the skin temperature and skin moisture level between skin and clothing layer in, in terms of performance level output?
I measured and evaluated skin temperature and skin moisture level during cycling with different cycling clothing setups on different participants. Since sweating is an individual property of each athlete, I'm trying to find a calculation or statements on which microclimate (between clothing and skin) is best fitted for the energy output of an individual athlete under specific environmental conditions.
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He suggested building and standardizing tests to measure the desired variable
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Hello,
I am hoping to get some suggestions about how to best organize some of my variables. Some background, my study groups subjects by the sports they play (6 sports total) and the outcome variables are on a Likert scale. I plan on doing a Kruskal Wallis test followed by a post hoc Dunn's test to test for differences between sports.
The issue I have is that there is overlap in my groups (some subjects play more than one sport).
What would be the best way to go about organizing my data to minimize confound?
Thank you!
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This may be using a sledge hammer to crack a nut but you have a multiple membership or classified structures and there are quantitative methods to deal appropriately with that
see structures and classification in
and more detail
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Most Sports will have rules to prevent harm to their participants.
The aim of boxing is to cause harm
How do we justify the existence and support of Boxing as a sport, in this context?
Gladiators were a Roman Era phenomenon. The cruelty associated with it is not justifiable in the Modern Era
It is time to ban Boxing
Agree or not?
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There are many sports that are far more dangerous that boxing....should we ban all of them?
Our responsibility as medical personnel is promote as safer practice.
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Sports media in the world and the Arab world have become very important in the various fields of life of the individual. Their importance is expressed in their ability to transmit and deliver sports news and information in the form of written, audiovisual and electronic messages from the sender to the "audience." Television remains the most important media and communication medium In the present time, despite the progress and development of information and communication technology by virtue of its audio and video feature, which allows the recipient to be placed in an atmosphere that allows it to be influenced. This means that it is available to all, a cultural and sports carrier, Especially as we live in a society of information and rapid knowledge, whose discoveries, innovations and inventions affect people's lifestyles. This development has caused new demands by the sporting public, which is willing to provide more sports television programs To broadcast the news of sports events and competitions, where he earned competing several international sports television channels for the exclusive transfer in the field in terms of coverage of various sporting events in the world and with the increasing spread of television channels, (Adib Khadour: TV studies, 1998, p. 56), especially since the specialized sports channels represent a major step in the concept of communication and sports media, and it is necessary to respond to the audience's expectations and to meet the needs and desires of the " Today, from this point of view, inevitable trends were developed towards watching and watching sports lessons on public and private sports channels, the taste of the public.
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Charles Glaser
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Isaac Mathew
Thank you. I think I wanted to clarify a point of view only for further discussion and to look for possible solutions in the future.
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