Science topic

learned helplessness - Science topic

Learned expectation that one's responses are independent of reward and, hence, do not predict or control the occurrence of rewards. Learned helplessness derives from a history, experimentally induced or naturally occurring, of having received punishment/aversive stimulation regardless of responses made. Such circumstances result in an impaired ability to learn. Used for human or animal populations. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
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Publications related to learned helplessness (2,481)
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Stress exposure is one of the greatest risk factors for psychiatric illnesses, including major depressive disorder (MDD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Enhancing stress resilience could potentially protect against the development of stress-induced psychiatric disorders, yet no resilience-enhancing pharmaceuticals have been developed to d...
Preprint
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Behavioral control, the ability to manage one's exposure to a given stressor, influences the impacts of both the present and future stressors. Behavioral control over a stressor may decrease stress caused by the stressor, and promote resilience towards future stressors. A lack of behavioral control may exacerbate the stress response and lead to lea...
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Background Individuals who experience emotional, physical, or sexual abuse as children suffer from higher rates of major depressive disorder, drug abuse, and suicide. Early life interventions such as peer support groups can be beneficial to adolescents who experience trauma, suggesting that social support is important in facilitating rehabilitation...
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This study examines whether digital material preparation training provided to pre-service teachers’ using instructional technologies affects their levels of Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) Self-Confidence. The research is conducted using the Embedded Design, one of the Mixed Methods Research Designs. Study group consists of 24 p...
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How comfortable are you with being asked profound or intense questions? Does your organization or community promote a culture of asking deep questions? In some cultures, asking questions to senior people is considered offensive. Through destroying people's curiosity, such cultures promote detrimental social politeness and learned helplessness. Do y...
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Purpose Oncologists are exposed to suffering, loss, and death, and as a result may experience guilt. The study examined two competing hypotheses regarding the relation between locus of control (LOC) and guilt among oncologists and the mediating role of helplessness. Method Eighty-three oncologists answered a demographic questionnaire; the Levenson...
Article
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Learned helplessness caused by a prolonged stay in an uncontrolled situation manifests itself in cognitive, motivational and emotional deficits. The School Helplessness Scale (SBS) is used to measure the students' learned helplessness which is created at school. The aim of the current research was to reanalyze the SBS factor validity, the structure...
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Neuroscience research presents contradictory evidence in support of both the protective and destructive effects of cannabinoids in depression. Therefore, this systematic review and meta-analysis summarizes the existing preclinical literature on the effects of cannabinoid administration in the chronic unpredictable stress model of depression in orde...
Article
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Background Despite common dissatisfaction with the syndromic heterogeneity of major depression, investigations into its symptom structure are scarce. Self-worthlessness/inadequacy is a distinctive and consistent symptom of major depression across cultures. Aims We investigated whether self-worthlessness is associated with self-blaming attribution-...
Article
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Learned helplessness (LH) induces cognitive and emotional abnormalities via alteration of synaptic and apoptotic markers in the hippocampus. Given the sericin’s neuroprotective effects on different experimental models, this study aimed to address whether sericin is able to reduce LH-induced behavioral and molecular changes in the mouse model. Sixty...
Article
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The purpose of this article is to develop a context-bound scale on student alienation around core problems experienced by students at the university level. The confirmed dimensions of the scale shall be correlated with dimensions of the student's ICT motive scale. The study is based on two sets of cross-sectional samples of Kashmiri university stud...
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Objective: Supervisors play an important role in international postgraduate students' academic performance, their insufficient guidance and supervision are the main antecedents for international postgraduate students' academic procrastination. Meanwhile, international postgraduate students' disengagement tendency and learned helplessness in dealin...
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Toplumsal bir varlık olan insanın, kolektif yaşama katılımı büyük oranda kurduğu iletişim biçimleriyle görünür hale gelmektedir. Bireyin iletişim kurma yolu ile onun bir toplulukla uyum içinde hareket etmesi yakından ilintilidir. İletişim biçimlerine ve davranışlara yön veren birçok parametre bulunmaktadır. Bu parametrelerin neredeyse tümüne bireyi...
Poster
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Study 1 • Corrected item-total correlations and communalities were used to identify items that contributed the least to the internal consistency of the LH/MO subscales. • Confirmatory factor analysis demonstrated support for construct validity, including a hierarchical model suggesting that LH and MO are distinct constructs that comprise a global o...
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Purpose-The present study examines the antecedents of learned helplessness, i.e. intrinsic and environmental constraints and consequences, i.e. intention to travel and expectation in the context of people with disability (PwD) tourism context by applying the "Theory of Learned Helplessness". Design/methodology/approach-The survey method was used to...
Article
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The learned helplessness model of the Impostor Phenomenon is an exploratory approach to explain the Impostor Phenomenon by linking the constructs of growth mindset, learned helplessness, grit, thought-action fusion, and defensive pessimism. In this study, we (a) confirmatorily tested the factor structure of the English IPP30, (b) examined the instr...
Article
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The outbreak of the coronavirus and its ramifications, including lockdown and shutting down of many learning centers magnified the necessity of turning to virtual learning, has given rise to concerns about students’ learning and their reaction to the new teaching methods and the challenges they entail. The present study attempts to examine the link...
Article
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Background Life is filled with situations that remain completely beyond our control. Yet, some people seem better able to tolerate this uncontrollability than others. To date, little research has focused on understanding how people feel about the uncontrollability of life (i.e., tolerance of uncontrollability).Methods This article introduces and de...
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Despite worldwide attention given to food access, very little progress has been made under the current model. Recognizing that individual engagement is likely based on individual experiences and perceptions, this research study investigated whether or not a correlation exists between one’s socioeconomic status (SES) and perceived personal responsib...
Article
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Introduction: Learned helplessness develops with prolonged exposure to uncontrollable stressors and is therefore germane to individuals living with pain or other poorly controlled chronic diseases. This study has developed a helplessness scale for chronic conditions distinct from previous scales that blur the conceptualization of control construct...
Article
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Selbstwirksamkeit und Selbstwirksamkeitserwartung – ein wirkmächtiges kognitives Konstrukt für gesundheitliches Verhalten. Z u s a m m e n f a s s u n g Das Konstrukt der Selbstwirksamkeit geht ursprünglich auf die sozial-kognitive Lerntheorie von Albert Bandura (1977) zurück, ist inzwischen eines der bedeutendsten Konstrukte der kognitiven Psycho...
Article
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The oncology setting may give rise to significant feelings of helplessness among oncologists via patients’ inevitable deaths or suffering. The current study examines whether and how oncologists’ sense of control (locus of control; LOC) influences their compassion fatigue and satisfaction. Methods: Seventy-three oncologists completed the following q...
Article
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Posttraumatic depression is often observed among flood victims all over the world including Nigeria. People who survived the experience of flood tend to suffer long‐term psychosocial effects such as distress, anxiety, pain, learned helplessness, social dysfunctions that eventually lead to depression. These negative consequences engender irrational...
Article
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This study investigated learned helplessness (LH) experienced by male secondary students of the English language and examined the effects of a motivational program based on the L2 Motivational Self System (L2MSS). Primarily, we administered the Learned Helplessness Scale to 189 students in a public school in Tehran, along with the Student Behavior...
Article
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Objective: Depression is characterized with long disease length, whereas one major disadvantage of current mainstream treatment of depression is a high rate of relapse and recurrence. A sustained antidepressant activity is proposed to facilitate the prevention of relapse/recurrence. Here we compared the long-term antidepressant effect of Yueju, a...
Article
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COVID-19 has had substantial impact on children’s educational experiences, with schools and educators facing numerous challenges in adapting to the new reality of distance learning and/or social distancing. However, previous literature mostly focuses on the experiences of families [including families of children with special educational needs and d...
Article
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Depressive disorder is defined as a psychiatric disease characterized by the core symptoms of anhedonia and learned helplessness. Currently, the treatment of depression still calls for medications with high effectiveness, rapid action, and few side effects, although many drugs, including fluoxetine and ketamine, have been approved for clinical usag...
Preprint
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Depression is a debilitating mental health disorder with a huge treatment gap. Recent years have seen a surge of digital interventions to bridge this treatment gap. Most of these interventions are based on computerized Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (cCBT). Despite the efficacy of cCBT-based interventions, their uptake is low, and dropout rates are h...
Article
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Extracellular adenosine 5′-triphosphate (ATP) in the brain is suggested to be an etiological factor of major depressive disorder (MDD). It has been assumed that stress-released ATP stimulates P2X7 receptors (Rs) at the microglia, thereby causing neuroinflammation; however, other central nervous system (CNS) cell types such as astrocytes also posses...
Article
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A common phenomenon called social buffering (SB), communication within conspecific animals is a benefit for a stressed individual to better recover from aversive events, is crucial to all mammals. Although the dopamine reward system has been implicated in SB, it is not clear which neuronal populations are relevant and how they contribute. Here, we...
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Increased levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines have been reported in postmortem brain samples and in the blood of depressed subjects. However, the inflammatory pathways that lead to depressive-like symptoms are not well understood. Using the learned helplessness (LH) model of depression, we examined the role of C1q, the initiator of classical compl...
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The COVID-19 pandemic has had a major impact on university students, particulary on their mental health. However, little is yet known about how to prevent and/or reduce this impact. Prior to COVID-19, some studies have shown that online stress management programs were successful enough to improve students' mental health and stress adjustment strate...
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COVID-19 dynamics and measures to control the pandemic have worldwide caused a high amount of mental and affective disturbances. Particularly children and adolescents have been confronted with home-schooling, domestic violence, social isolation and loneliness, existential issues, as well as the experience of multifaceted panicmongering and related...
Article
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Case Report Restlessness occurs during cluster headache attacks and in response to painful stimuli that feel like stemming from an escapable source. Animal experiments show that being repeatedly subjected to restlessness-causing painful stimuli may result in learned helplessness, characterized by passivity and fear in response to pain, and potentia...
Chapter
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Covid-19 is posing a threat to overall Humankind. The advent of novel vaccines with the new emerging variants of COVID is competing with one another. And the infected toll has also not reduced. With physical, there can be psychological impact too with the COVID Infected and the Survivors. The notion that it is affecting all strata but less focused...
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(1) Background: In recent years, a growing number of qualitative health research studies have performed discourse analysis of data from participants’ narratives. However, little attention has been paid to the gaps and silences within these narratives. The aim of the present study is to interpret the silences detected in the discourse of pregnant an...
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Outcome predictability is described as learning bias in a new environment, where participants learn better about an outcome with a history of predictability than an outcome with a history of unpredictability. Several studies have shown evidence of this effect. However, the characteristics and mechanism of the outcome predictability effect are not w...
Article
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Positive education is seen as a transformative methodological approach capable of improving the act of teaching and learning and, above all, essential for the development of students’ personal skills and competences. However, few studies have been carried out on this topic in the field of adult and continuing education; instead, they have been publ...
Preprint
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Outcome predictability is described as learning bias in a new environment, where participants learn better about an outcome with a history of predictability than an outcome with a history of unpredictability. Several studies have shown evidence of this effect. However, the characteristics and mechanism of the outcome predictability effect are not w...
Article
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The construct of learned helplessness, as one of the noticeable emotional issues in education, has been investigated and approved its prominent place in education for its stimulus on students' accomplishment, enthusiasm, and commitment in learning. Moreover, the role of teachers as the most crucial issues in the learning viewpoint is at the center...
Preprint
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Rumination is a widely recognized cognitive deviation in depression. However, researchers have struggled to explain why patients cannot disengage from excessive rumination, although it clearly depresses their mood and fails to lead to effective problem-solving. In this integrative review, we connect insights from cognitive science, neuroscience and...
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Orexin-A (OX-A) and orexin-B (OX-B) are neuropeptides produced in the hypothalamus. Preclinical and clinical studies suggest that depression and anxiety are associated with the orexin system. In the current study, we used the learned helplessness (LH) animal model of depression to identify rats displaying LH behaviors (LH rats) and those that did n...
Book
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Learned helplessness can be defined as a frame of mind which can be altered with appropriate interventions. However, the focus should be on early stages of learning. It is the early years when the patterns are established and children learn their abilities. Effective elementary learning is important for the identification of any deficits or pattern...
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Although coping have been studied extensively in recent years, there remains yet considerable confusion as to what constitutes a full range of coping strategies. Burns (1980) asserts that most patients of stress are in a state of learned helplessness, not knowing how to cope or what to do about a stressful situation. Within the field of stress mana...
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Animals suffering from uncontrollable stress sometimes show low effort to escape stress [learned helplessness (LH)]. Changes in serotonin (5-HT) signaling are thought to underlie this behavior. Although the release of 5-HT is triggered by the action potential firing of dorsal raphe nuclei 5-HT neurons, the electrophysiological changes induced by un...
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Background Trauma-focused treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are commonly delivered either once or twice a week. Initial evidence suggests that session frequency affects treatment response, but very few trials have investigated the effect of session frequency. The present study’s aim is to compare treatment outcomes of twice-weekly...
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Background Previous studies have revealed that ventrolateral orbital cortex (VLO) may play an important role in the regulation of emotional behavior. However, it is not known what effect VLO damage will have on emotion regulation. Results Data showed that damage of VLO increased the anxiety-like behavior in open field test and elevated plus maze,...
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Insufficient exploration of one’s surroundings is at the root of many real-life problems, as demonstrated by many famous biases (e.g., the status quo bias, learned helplessness). The current work focuses on the emergence of this phenomenon at the strategy level: the tendency to under-explore the set of available choice strategies. We demonstrate th...
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Controllability perception significantly influences motivated behavior and emotion and requires an estimation of one’s influence on an environment. Previous studies have shown that an agent can infer controllability by observing contingency between one’s own action and outcome if there are no other outcome-relevant agents in an environment. However...
Article
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Animal research has repeatedly shown that control is a key variable in the brain's stress response. Uncontrollable stress triggers a release of monoamines, impairing prefrontal functions while enhancing subcortical circuits. Conversely, control over an adverse event involves prefrontally mediated downregulation of monoamine nuclei and is considered...
Article
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People with high achievement motives will act in ways that will help them to outperform others, meet or surpass some standards of excellence, or do something unique. Several variables have been suggested in the literature to significantly contribute to students’ achievement motivation. As the principal aim, the study sought to investigate whether o...
Article
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Background Novel viral pandemics present significant challenges to global public health. Non-pharmaceutical interventions (e.g. social distancing) are an important means through which to control the transmission of such viruses. One of the key factors determining the effectiveness of such measures is the level of public adherence to them. Research...
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No child should have to worry about his or her safety and welfare. Unfortunately, research shows that millions of children around the world are at risk for violence, abuse, and exploitation. There are several threats to the safety of children, most of which are interconnected. Therefore, this study focused on the practices of secondary schools in e...
Article
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No child should have to worry about his or her safety and welfare. Unfortunately, research shows that millions of children around the world are at risk for violence, abuse, and exploitation. There are several threats to the safety of children, most of which are interconnected. Therefore, this study focused on the practices of secondary schools in e...
Article
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Depression is one very common mental health disorder which can cause morbidity and mortality if not addressed. Recent studies have provided strong evidence that depression may be accompanied by immune activation, secondary inflammatory reaction, and hyperactivity of the Hypothalamic Pituitary Adrenal (HPA) axis. It is well-known that it takes at le...
Article
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Background Chronic stress increases chronic disease risk and may underlie the association between exposure to adverse socioeconomic conditions and adverse health outcomes. The relationship between exposure to such conditions and chronic stress is complex due to feedback loops between stressor exposure and psychological processes, encompassing diffe...
Article
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The study examines the role of goal orientations; as a mediating variable, in determining the association between parenting styles and learned helplessness. The sample included 645 10th grade students from Sultanate of Oman. The adolescents completed measures regarding their perception of parenting styles, goal orientations, and learned helplessnes...
Article
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Measurement limitations have hindered research on learned helplessness (LH) and mastery orientation (MO) in the classroom. We reduced the 24-item Student Behavior Checklist to a 6-item scale and tested the abbreviated measure for evidence of reliability and validity in a sample of 5 th and 6 th graders ( N = 299). We then replicated findings in an...
Article
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Objective: Ethyl pyruvate (EP) is a molecule with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-apoptotic features. The present study investigates EP's effects on behavioral and biochemical alterations induced by immobilization (IM) stress. Methods: In this outcome, 45 male BALB/c mice were separated into five groups [CONT (control), IM, IM+EP, EP, IM+F...
Article
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In 2010 a mathematics curriculum was introduced in Irish second level schools entitled ‘Project Maths’ (PM). It aimed to refocus second level mathematics teaching and learning away from an over emphasis on procedural mathematics towards problem solving and real understanding [Department of Education and Skills (DES). (2010). Report of the Project M...
Article
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Background and Aims Having a negative cognitive style may lead someone to feel hopeless about his or her situation and be more likely to engage in coping-motivated drinking. We therefore aimed to investigate the association between cognitive style and drinking to cope. Design Prospective cohort study. Setting The former Avon Health Authority in S...
Article
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Objective: Youth are important societal actors. This is especially relevant when considering countries in transition such as Ukraine. This study examines well-being and societal participation - both key signifiers of mental health - of youth in Ukraine. Materials and methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional survey with open and closed questions was...
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Özet Sosyotropi ve otonomi, bireyin psikolojik işlevleri üzerinde baskın özellikler olarak tanımlanan kişilik özellikleridir. Sosyotropik kişilik, bireyin diğerleri ile pozitif etkileşim gösterebilme özelliğiyken; Otonomik kişilik bireyin bağımsızlığını, kişisel haklarını koruyabilme ve artırabilme özelliği olarak tanımlanmaktadır. Öğrenilmiş güçlü...
Article
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Adolescent homosexuality is a stage of human development in which adolescents experience and explore sexual feelings towards same gender. This paper is an attempt to review researches pertaining to homosexuality issues and exploring theories associated with it. Researchers believe that homosexuality is a result of genetics, social, and individual f...
Article
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In this study, we examined the conditional indirect and direct relations of pain-related cognitions to depression. Subjective helplessness was included as presumably mediating the relations of catastrophizing and thought suppression to depression due to motivational deficits. In addition, moderating effects of dispositional action versus state orie...