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Publications related to forensic sciences (4,038)
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https://www.mdpi.com/journal/forensicsci/special_issues/Imaging_Wound_Ballistics |||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||| We set up the Special Issue “Imaging Wound Ballistics” in Forensic Sciences, which covers the use of any imaging...
Article
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Dental age estimation in the living and deceased is a fundamental aspect of forensic sciences, civil cases, medico-legal proceedings and clinical dentistry. Accordingly, this study aimed to validate the accuracy and reproducibility of the London Atlas in a select South African sample of KwaZulu-Natal. In this cross-sectional study, 760 digital pano...
Poster
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Our research recovers primary data from the archaeological excavation carried out between 2008 and 2009 at the Mosteiro da Luz, a religious institution dating from the 18th century, located in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. This religious building has three cemeteries. The need to control soil termites generated an archaeological excavation that sh...
Article
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The benefits of a diverse and inclusive working environment are well documented. This study examined forensic science literature, demographic data reported from professional organizations, and demographic surveys to compile information regarding racial and ethnic diversity within different subdisciplines of forensic science. Results showed that pra...
Preprint
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Dental age is one of the most reliable methods to identify an individual's age. By using dental panoramic radiography (DPR) images, physicians and pathologists in forensic sciences try to establish the chronological age of individuals with no valid legal records or registered patients. The current methods in practice demand intensive labor, time, a...
Article
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The idea behind this Topical Collection derives from the growing interest in forensic sciences, specifically forensic anthropology and the study of human remains, supporting the argument that forensic anthropology has favored interest in Documented Human Osteological Collections (DHOCs) [...]
Article
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The low prevalence effect is a phenomenon whereby target prevalence affects performance in visual search (e.g., baggage screening) and comparison (e.g., fingerprint examination) tasks, such that people more often fail to detect infrequent target stimuli. For example, when exposed to higher base-rates of ‘matching’ (i.e., from the same person) than...
Article
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Postmortem changes (PMCs) not only affect the results of experimental studies, but also determine postmortem intervals in forensic sciences. The present study aimed to assess the effects of two methods of laboratory animals’ euthanasia on PMCs in rats. In this experimental study, 10 female rats were randomly assigned to two equal groups and were eu...
Article
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Forensic Genetic Genealogy (FGG) has fast become a popular tool in criminal investigations since it first emerged in 2018. FGG is a novel investigatory tool that has been applied to hundreds of unresolved cold cases in the United States to generate investigative leads and identify unknown individuals. Consumer DNA testing and the public’s increased...
Article
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Among young consumers of cannabis, a brief psychotic disorder (BPD) can be either the clinical manifestation of acute cannabis psychosis (ACP) or an announcement of schizophrenia onset. Clinicians are faced with the difficulty of making a differential diagnosis between disorders of the schizophrenic field and disorders induced by cannabis. To date,...
Article
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Criminal cases go cold when investigative leads or forensic testing does not lead to a successful arrest. In these cases, investigators are often keen to use novel methods to derive fresh ideas or insights. Recently, academics from a range of fields, including Psychology, Criminology, and Forensic Sciences have developed a range of new methods and...
Article
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Palaeoradiology is increasingly being used in archaeological and forensic sciences as a minimally invasive alternative to traditional histological methods for investigating bone microanatomy and its destruction by diagenetic processes. To better understand ancient mortuary practices, taphonomic studies using microCT scanning methods are gaining an...
Article
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Normal aging affects the different structures of teeth, in particular, the dentine. These changes are useful in forensic disciplines as a tool for age estimation. Although multiphoton (MP) microscopy has been used to explore dental pieces, a relationship between age and MP response of the human dentine has not been proposed yet. The relationship be...
Conference Paper
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In forensic sciences, blood is a shred of essential evidence for reconstructing crime scenes. Blood identification and classification may help to confirm a suspect, although several chemical processes are used to recreate the crime scene. However, these approaches can have an impact on DNA analysis. A potential application of bloodstain identificat...
Conference Paper
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Klinik psikoloji, psikiyatri ve adli bilimler ile yakın ilişki dinamikleri olan psikotravmatoloji, travmatik yaşantılar esnasında ya da sonrasında insanların ve toplumların verdikleri tepkiler ile hem psikoterapilere hem de önleme stratejilerine odaklanan psikolojinin ana çalışma alanlarından biridir. 1-3 Son onlu yıllarda özellikle ceza adalet sis...
Article
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Forensics has become a more interesting scientific topic to investigate with the advancement in science and technology in which nanomaterials have attracted a lot of attention in the field of nano-forensic research. Fingerprints are important evidence in any crime scene, and nano-based techniques have a lot of potential in fingerprint investigation...
Article
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Health system factors, attributed to unceremonious mass grave disposal of the unclaimed corpses by public mortuaries. Continue to position a big challenge on the increasing morbidities and mortalities, attributed to unclaimed corpses or missing dead persons. Whom, the Next of Kin (NOK), may not find them alive again, after concluded search by the P...
Preprint
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Convolutional neural networks (CNN) led to important solutions in the field of Computer Vision. More recently, forensic sciences benefited from the resources of artificial intelligence, especially in procedures that normally require operator-dependent steps. Forensic tools for sexual dimorphism based on morphological dental traits are available but...
Article
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Background: One of the important parts of management of mass disasters is the reorganization of the remains found after death of human beings. This procedure is usually carried out by forensic experts. It is very tough job because most parts of the body get damaged in massive destruction and it becomes difficult to identify the victim. There have b...
Article
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Further to a previous publication by the European Council of Legal Medicine (ECLM) concerning on-site forensic and medico-legal scene and corpse investigation, this publication provides guidance for forensic medical specialists, pathologists and, where present, coroners’ activity at a scene of death inspection and to harmonize the procedures for a...
Article
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As a result of the rapid global challenges related to the nature of the crime over the past two decades and the criminal justice systems' need for forensic graduates and practitioners who possess the necessary knowledge, skills, and capabilities and demonstrate high levels of professionalism, it is now more essential than ever to truly invest devel...
Article
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As a result of the rapid global challenges related to the nature of the crime over the past two decades and the criminal justice systems' need for forensic graduates and practitioners who possess the necessary knowledge, skills, and capabilities and demonstrate high levels of professionalism, it is now more essential than ever to truly invest devel...
Article
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Published |June 30, 2022 Crime is a social stigma that needs to be addressed beyond talks. The use of geospatial information technology has become well recognized within the fields of forensic sciences and criminology, especially in the developed world. The current study is an attempt to analyze the distribution and trends of various crime types,...
Article
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Crime is a social stigma that needs to be addressed beyond talks. The use of geospatial information technology has become well recognized within the fields of forensic sciences and criminology, especially in the developed world. The current study is an attempt to analyze the distribution and trends of various crime types, including rape, murder, ba...
Article
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Fracture dating is an issue at the forefront of forensic sciences. While dating fracture is crucial to understanding and verifying the chronology of events in cases of abuse and violent death, its application is the subject of considerable discussion in the scientific community, filled with limitations and difficulties. Current methods for fracture...
Article
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A children abuse case was reported in the Crime Scene Management Division, Forensic Science Laboratory, Delhi, regarding committing of heinous crime against one male and one female child. The male child aged 8 years and female aged 5 years. The Investigating Officer (IO) informed that the crime took place in the area jurisdiction under police stati...
Article
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In forensic identification, lack of eccentric characteristics of intact dentitions hinders correct ante-mortem/post-mortem (AM/PM) matching. It remains unclear which morphological dental parameters hold strong potential as identifiers. This study aimed to establish a method to quantify and rank the identifying potential of one (or a combination of)...
Article
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Forensic sciences is the umbrella term used to describe the different disciplines used in resolving forensic medicolegal, criminal, and humanitarian investigations. Physical anthropology played a key role since the inception of the field, and forensic anthropologists are often in charge of the recovery of human remains. The use of archaeological me...
Article
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Surface analysis techniques have rapidly evolved in the last decade. Some of these are already routinely used in forensics, such as for the detection of gunshot residue or for glass analysis. Some surface analysis approaches are attractive for their portability to the crime scene. Others can be very helpful in forensic laboratories owing to their h...
Article
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The Molecular Genetics Mobile Lab or “Laboratório itinerante de Genética Molecular” (Lab-it) was funded in 2008 by Leonor Cancela to promote the learning of molecular genetics which had been introduced at that time into high school biology programms. The project aimed to introduce hands-on laboratory activities in molecular genetics to complement t...
Conference Paper
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the trust in institutions, perceptions, and attitudes related to corruption, as well as the connection between the levels of trust in institutions and perceived levels of corruptness in institutions, and the connection between participants’ characteristics and corruption perceptions. We conducted a cross...
Poster
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The poster highlights the core aspects, analytical workflow, and output of the ADEBAR project since 2017. Furthermore, trends detected through the continuous structure elucidation of new NPS in Germany are detailed.
Article
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Objectives Radiographic evaluation of the third molar maturation is used to estimate dental age, especially in adolescence. This study aimed to assess the application of three age estimation methods (Cameriere’s third molar maturity index (I3M), Demirjian’s maturation stages, and The London Atlas) to determine whether an individual is 18 years or o...
Conference Paper
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The case study is one of the preferred research methods in Business Management field due two main reasons, i) it is recommended for exploring new themes, subjects, relations, or contexts, and ii) it helps the researcher to build theory from analyzed case(s). Despite the extensive contributions from different authors in management research for addre...
Poster
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The common method of securing tool marks on crime scenes is by casting using silicone rubbers. Casts are a non-destructive, low-cost and quick method for preserving the topography details of marks. Consequently, a range of specifically formulated silicones with varying properties such as curing time, viscosity, crosslinking mechanism, colour, resol...
Article
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Se describe una tcnica nueva de rehidratacin abdominal, con base en hidrxido de amonio y bicarbonato de sodio, presentando las variaciones resultantes de diferentes tiempos de rehidratacin. Adems, se comparan seis aspectos de esta tcnica y de aquellas con base en proteinasa K, hidrxido de potasio y agua destilada. Esta tcnica de rehidratacin puede...
Poster
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Forensic validation tends to focus on the overall performance of methods under casework conditions. This implicitly focuses the expert’s attention on discriminability (see Smith & Neal 2021), with different methods chosen, or decisions made, based low values for the validity metric used. In this paper, we argue against this view. Rather, we believe...
Preprint
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Tutorial presents: a course of lectures and practical classes, methodological guidelines for their conduct, as well as tasks for independent work and a fund of evaluation funds in the discipline B1.V.OD.4. Modern information and communication technologies research and education. Intended for graduate students of the training area: 40.06.01 "Jurispr...
Article
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Sex determination in forensic dentistry is a major step towards postmortem profiling. The most widely recognized method is DNA, yet its application in the dental field of forensic sciences is still impractical. Depending on the conditions of the remains, teeth are often the only surviving organ. Some systematic reviews (SRs) have been recently prod...
Preprint
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Tutorial presents: a course of lectures and practical exercises; methodological guidelines for their implementation; tasks for independent work and a fund of evaluation funds in the discipline B1.V.OD.4. Modern information and communication technologies research and education. It is intended for graduate students. A textbook for graduate students i...
Preprint
Full-text available
Tutorial presents: a course of lectures and practical classes, methodological guidelines for their conduct, as well as tasks for independent work and a fund of evaluation funds in the discipline B1.V.OD.4. Modern information and communication technologies research and education. Intended for graduate students of the training area: 40.06.01 "Jurispr...
Article
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We are presenting a study on 136 cases performed in a 2‐year period (2018–2019) at the Bureau of Legal Medicine of the University of Milan for which toxicological analyses were requested and we are making a detailed interpretation of clinical records and discussing toxicological results from each case included in the study. Total number of autopsie...
Article
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An autopsy is performed in the occurrence of an out-of-the-ordinary manner of death where the cause of death is unclear. Through a detailed medicolegal investigation, it differentiates homicide from suicides or accidents. However, some people do not acknowledge its importance due to the conflict between science and religion. This is especially true...
Article
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Estimating the post-mortem interval is a fundamental, albeit challenging task in forensic sciences. To this aim, forensic practitioners need to assess post-mortem changes through a plethora of different methods, most of which are inherently qualitative, thus providing broad time intervals rather than precise determinations. This challenging problem...
Article
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In modern societies, handwritten identification is a great practical need and challenge for forensic sciences. Moreover, few research studies have focused on automatic offline handwritten document analysis. Also, there are very few standard datasets on handwritten document identification. In addition, handwritten documents lose their nature over ti...
Article
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Teeth and bones of calvarium are important structures from a forensic point of view, as they are extremely resilient to destruction or decomposition, even under temperature variations. Radiology is inevitably an important tool in forensic investigations. Maxillofacial radiology provides a considerable amount of information for the identification of...
Article
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The increasing importance of trauma analysis by means of postmortem computed tomography (PMCT) is insufficiently reflected in forensic curricula, nor are best practice manuals available. We attempt to detect sharp force bone lesions on PMCT of closed forensic cases with the aims of assessing errors and pointing out patterns in anatomical location a...
Article
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Dennis C. Dirkmaat, PhD, D-ABFA, is an essential figure in the discipline of forensic anthropology. He has been committed to research, as evidenced by the grants he has been awarded regarding victim recovery and outdoor crime scene interpretation. He has mentored not only hundreds of undergraduate and graduate students in his role as chair of the A...
Article
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In the frame of the IAEA-CRP (Coordinated Research Projects): Enhancing Nuclear Analytical Techniques to Meet the Needs of Forensic Sciences, an intercomparison exercise was organized between three AMS laboratories. Aim of the program is to promote the use of nuclear and accelerator-based techniques in routine forensics practice. In this view, one...
Article
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Background: Estimating age in alive humans is a recent area undergoing exploration in forensic sciences. The relationship of pulp size and age as seen in radiographs is utilized by TCI (tooth coronal Index) for age estimation. Aim: The present study was carried out to use a cost-effective and simple method of estimating age using morphometric analy...
Poster
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Moulding using malleable polymerising materials such as silicone rubbers is a non-destructive, low-cost and quick method for documenting and replicating the form and/or surface topography of objects. Consequently, a range of specifically formulated silicones with varying properties such as curing time, polymerisation reaction, chemical stability, c...
Article
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Corpses in Brazil are commonly hidden in sugarcane plantations in the attempt to delay their finding and hinder the solution of the crime. On the other hand, these plantations are regularly sprayed with insecticides for pest control. Until now no study has reported the effects of insecticides on ant fauna. This study aimed to test the hypothesis th...
Conference Paper
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Forensic Nursing is the application of nursing process to public or legal proceedings in the healthcare with scientific investigation of trauma or death related to abuse, violence, criminal activity, liability and accidents. Nurse practices in all areas with specialized roles by taking care of the documentation which plays a major role for clarific...
Article
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New psychoactive substances (NPS) are nowadays a prevalent group of illicit drugs, one of which are synthetic cathinones. The widespread usage of NPS requires fast, reliable, selective and sensitive analytical methods for their identification as well as differentiation. Colorimetric tests are among the most frequently used methods for screening ana...
Article
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This review discusses microbial forensics as an emerging science that finds application in protecting human health. It is important to distinguish naturally acquired infections from those caused by the intentional release of microorganisms to the environment. This information is crucial in formulating procedures against the spread of infectious dis...
Article
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Bone is a hard biological tissue and a precious reservoir of information in forensic investigations as it retains key biomolecules commonly used for identification purposes. Bone proteins have recently attracted significant interest for their potential in estimating post-mortem interval (PMI) and age at death (AAD). However, the preservation of suc...
Article
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Age estimation in children is fundamental in both clinical and forensic fields. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of the Cameriere’s European and Italian formulae for age estimation in Sardinian children and adolescents, a genetically isolated population. A sample of 202 orthopantomograms of healthy Sardinian children and adolescen...
Article
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RESUMEN En este artículo se realizó una revisión de tema haciendo una búsqueda de la literatura en PubMed, Scopus y Google Scholar, en donde según los criterios de inclusión, exclusión y posterior a la revisión de abstract, se obtuvieron 48 referencias bibliográficas y dos fichas técnicas que fueron revisadas en su totalidad e incluidas en esta rev...
Article
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Europe is turning a blind eye on a humanitarian disaster unfolding at its doorsteps, with thousands of migrants dying unidentified in Mediterranean waters. Since 2014, Italy has been struggling in an almost indifferent international scenario to identify its dead migrants. Despite the lack of sufficient resources, of the difficulties in collecting p...
Article
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Abstract Introduction: Pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) is a medical complica-tion that has caused high morbidity and mortality for a long time despite having highly effective diagnostic and therapeutic methods for treating it.Objective: To describe the clinical-epidemiological and anatomopatho-logical characteristics of PTE diagnoses in corpses adm...
Poster
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Please find a flyer for the Chemometric Symposia at the SciX 2022 meeting this October. Please send me an e-mail with your title, affiliation, and preferred symposia if you would like to be invited to speak at this in-person meeting. Hope to see you there, Pete.
Article
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Parental comparison investigation is a technique for oppressing DNA grouping to precise strategies so as to realize the qualities character, setup, nature and attributes. Correlation Based Clustering and Modified Naive Bayesian Classification applied to quality succession information investigation, means to isolate ailing diabetic qualities from a...
Article
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Suicidal cases are criminal cases that either should be prevented or be investigated forensically after occurring. One of the aims of our study is that arrange the bacterial flora-one of the biological factors-in the gut to reduce suicide cases. In our study, we compared the bacterias which are based in the gut flora of suicidal death with the cont...