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eLearning - Science topic

Explore the latest questions and answers in eLearning, and find eLearning experts.
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The main goal of the research paper is to review the application of new learning technologies in African and European countries that face crises! There is a draft that needs to be revised and updated!
Please, if you're interested to cooperate, write to me privately!
Best
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Dear Prof. Abdelfatah!
May I state I am interested. Still, may I state I am not an IT - specialist. My focus is on digital supply chain management:
I am especially interested in the role of open science (policies for sharing of information) in advancing interactive learning:
1) Boström, L., Sjöström, M. MethodViz: designing and evaluating an interactive learning tool for scientific methods – visual learning support and visualization of research process structure. Educ Inf Technol (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10639-022-11139-9, Open access:
2) Cirkony, C., Tytler, R. & Hubber, P. Designing and delivering representation-focused science lessons in a digital learning environment. Education Tech Research Dev (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11423-022-10094-z, Open access:
3) Xia X. Application Technology on Collaborative Training of Interactive Learning Activities and Tendency Preference Diversion. SAGE Open. April 2022. doi:10.1177/21582440221093368, Open access:
I will contact YOU only in case you consider me to have the potential to be a partner in your research project.
Yours sincerely, Bulcsu Szekely
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As the world has changed with the global pandemic, capacity, labor, and funding constraints continue to change the corporate learning environment. As more companies transition from eLearning to Microlearning, what are the best interactivities to increase learning engagement and retention?
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Good morning
Best regards
Ph.D. Ingrid del Valle García Carreno
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Big Data , personalization of E- learning Big Data , learner behavior . machine learning .
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thank u
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What kind of scientific research dominate in the field of Determinants of e-learning development?
Please, provide your suggestions for a question, problem or research thesis in the issues: Determinants of e-learning development.
Please reply.
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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The quality of former distance education models is the prototype of e-learning development; besides excellent teaching materials to master the basic facts of a subject via a rigorous (self-) testing system (now possible with automatic repetition), communication of the learner with a good teacher and a small learning group is essential. The main danger of e-learning and remote work is social isolation, which depends on environmental factors, e.g. place of living, single or not, with family or not, quality of the apartment, etc.
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Hi Dears,
Is there any case study or experiment for implementing Session-Based Recommender Systems for eLearning systems?
Thanks
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Hi,
I am doing a research about real-world implementations for Educational Resources Recommendation System (ML/DL) within the eLearning domain. For example in a university LMS.
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The recommendation system is a very trending topic at present. It is basically an extension of semantic analysis.
You can follow these articles for better insight.
Hope it will help you.
With regards,
Sayan Surya Shaw.
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Dear Scholars
I would like to have a reference to an authoritative or relatively well-established definition of "online education" or "online teaching" or "e-learning". I also look for definition of related terms, such as "hybrid teaching" and "distant education", "distance learning", etc.
I looked at UNESCO documents to find a kind of international set of definitions, but I couldn't find any. Does anyone have a reference or a source?
Many thanks.
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Journal of Business Theory and Practice ISSN 2372-9759 (Print) ISSN 2329-2644 (Online) Vol. 8, No. 1, 2020 www.scholink.org/ojs/index.php/jbtp 1 Original Paper Online Preparation for the Remote Global Workforce
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University education is beyond academic benefits. It gives students a chance to develop attitude and skills that give them courage, ability to work with others and a better understanding of himself and the entire world around them. It is during University years that a person gets to understand his/her identity, role, and dreams. To become what you want to be, you need not only formal education but also real-life experience and opportunities for self-development.
How much of this is missing in these cruel times of eLearning & social distancing?
Your comments are highly appreciated!
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Dear Dr. Ahmed T. Hussein , thank you for this student centric & education centric question. I think both Dr. Manal Hadi Kanaan & Dr. Anamitra Roy have already highlighted the pros and cons of distance learning on students psychological development.
The observation of Dr. Anamitra Roy that "we may get professionals without the personality of a professional" and Dr. Manal Hadi Kanaan 's observation that the "student no longer feels the value of the success" - worth the attention of everyone considering the unpredictable nature of covid-19 pandemic end.
Thanks a lot.
Warm regards
Yoganandan
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What is Gamification Analytics ? How Gamification Analytics can be used in terms of Elearning more specifically MOOC or any elearning platform?
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Good morning
You can find a lot of articles in Web of Science or Scopus
BR
Ph. D. Ingrid García
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How do new information technologies implemented in the didactic processes, advanced information processing technologies change and modernize the education process at universities?
Please reply
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Thank you very much
Best wishes
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Standardised online teaching at the global level
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How do you organize your eLearning?
Which sources do you use to organize your online training?
The spread of COVID-19 has forced millions of students and teachers to move their communication online. I would like to know how do you solve this problem with your classes?
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I work in manufacturing but I am involved in training manufacturing staff. I have created some interactive online training on a programme called SuccessFactors. I have managed to link it to documentation which is accessible through a share point site. This has proven quite successful as an alternative to class room trainin. although I do believe interactive classroom training holds more value. Post pandemic we will probably continue with both methods. The online training will be good as an annual refresher to support the classroom training.
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The Internet has been developing only for 3 decades becoming the main global information medium and the environment for creating new types of websites and innovative, technological startups that are successful in business if they offer attractive information services. Examples of companies that initially as startups and now as large technology companies have achieved spectacular business successes are corporations offering Internet information and marketing services in the environment of created and developed social media portals.
Currently, there are many, at least several dozen globally operating social media portals, several of which have gained a large, minimum percentage or larger share in the market of information and marketing internet services. Globally, these markets are dominated by several social media portals that have specialized in a specific profile of information and / or information offered to a particular segment of Internet users. Social media portals dominating globally include: Facebook, Instagram, Tweeter, LinkedIn, Google+, YouTube, Pinterest and others. Among the Internet users, the largest segment of the recipients of information services for social media portals are young people, many of whom are still students of primary and secondary schools as well as students studying at universities. As a result, social media portals used as a communication medium by students are increasingly becoming an instrument supporting the learning process.
Due to the above, the dynamic development of social media portals on the Internet is currently underway. For young people using smartphones, social media portals are one of the main sources of information. Probably the next stage in the development of social media portals will be the implementation of artificial intelligence to these portals and to search engines and the creation of applications of the type of interactive advisors on individual Internet information pages. New technologies of computerized, advanced information processing, technologies typical for the current fourth technological revolution, known as Industry 4.0, are increasingly integrating and functioning in the Internet environment.
The current technological revolution, known as Industry 4.0, is determined by the development of the following technologies of advanced information processing: Big Data database technologies, cloud computing, machine learning, Internet of Things, artificial intelligence, Business Intelligence and other advanced data mining technologies. These technologies are successively implemented to developed social media portals. Due to the development of applications of these advanced information processing technologies, new types of computerized teaching instruments are created in educational processes, and educational systems also undergo technological transformation and Education 4.0 is defined.
Do you agree with my opinion on this matter?
Therefore, I am asking you the following questions:
- Does the development of social media portals affect educational processes in schools and universities?
- How will education change in the future due to the development of smart social media portals?
- How can this development affect education, pedagogy and education in the future?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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Social media has become an integral tool for medical societies, hospitals, and advocacy groups. These groups are using social media to engage, teach, and connect, and they play an important role in providing accurate, vetted health information. In addition, organizations have realized that encouraging live-tweeting or blogging of conferences provides opportunities for wide dissemination of content... Sutherland, S., & Jalali, A. (2017). Social media as an open-learning resource in medical education: current perspectives. Advances in medical education and practice, 8, 369.
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The pandemic has put a reset button on most facets of our lives. This gives us educators a reason to stop and rethink of our path going ahead. The present crisis has shown the importance of e- learning and many of us have been grappling to adapt in this changed learning/ teaching scenario. In this new era of webinars and e- learning, many educators are converting their traditional pedagogy to e - learning and eventually to LMS (Learning management system) platforms. This also is an opportunity to start afresh and create a more contemporary content that can lead to better employ-ability.
Hospitality education, special in South Asia, has long been accused of being lagging in providing up-to-date skills and knowledge that the Industry demands. In response to these challenges, what would be some key changes you could suggest as we begin to return to teaching/ learning, post reopening.
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Thank you for your inputs Maniazhagu Dharuman .
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i want to be part of this as long it improve modern trend blended learning
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This link talk about: 9 Benefits Of eLearning For Students
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Hello all,
I used a framework (incorporated from instructional design theory and instructional design model) to design and develop LMOOC for attitudinal learning.
My question about the appropriate ways to measure the effectiveness of the design and develop of LMOOC. In other words, how effective is this framework in designing LMOOC for attitudinal learning?
Thank you in advance!
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Murat Artsın Thank you for sharing this article.
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As everyone knows the impact of Covid-19 on Education System in whole world. Mostly experts prefer the Online-Education/eLearning/Distance Learning to overcome this pandemic situation. I have a quick query....Will eLearning or ICT-based Education helpful for practical-based courses like Medical, Pharmacy, Civil, Dental instead of Traditional Education?
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Yes, it will, once the VR simulators thereto are developed. In fact, I have plans to develop some inventions of mine in those areas, but not for the near future.
VR stands for "Virtual Reality".
Regards
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Academic voice in this context refers to the learner becoming independent and competent academics in their own right.
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Following
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according to recent events , in your opinion , do we have another method to connecting with our students rather than E- learning?
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e-learning + wats app.
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At midnight South Africa will undergo a complete societal shutdown due to the coronavirus. In the course I coordinate, LST 110, academic literacy for natural, agricultural and veterinarian science students, the pathogen has coerced a shift from a hybrid to an e-Learning model of interacting with students and instruction. This has had significant implications for teaching and learning practices. I am interested in colleagues' actual methods of applying e-Learning strategies, online tools, linkages of assessments with online learning platforms, integration of Learning Management Systems with course content in the face of the coronavirus.
Significant and related text >
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Dear Oscar,
For areas in the world where internet access is not available to all learners, I would suggest to investigate other ways to keep in touch with students. I have a hunch (not yet researched), that the medium does not make the big difference, but that the frequency and the quality of the teachers actions have a larger impact. And if it is the teacher's actions that are important, then any medium will work, even mail through traditional postal services. Or boxes per child or student that can be put in the school yard. Teachers put in the assignments, students collect their box, do the assignment and hand in the box again.
With this pandemic, it can also be wise to ease down a bit on the curriculum set. It will not be possible to match curriculum standards for all children/students in this time. There is another opportunity for learning though that, as educators, we often fail to deply. Children and students are now in their home surroundings. How can we, as teachers, connect the curriculum standards to these home settings? How can we organize children/students to share what they learn at home? Maybe we can, for now, skip some of the stuff we normally do in class and leave that for later. Instead, keeping in touch frequently and providing do-able assignments in the home surroundings might keep the learning going at a feasible pace.
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Corona virus has forced many countries to switch to eLearning mode to maintain education without sacrificing students' health to catch the Corona virus. Allthough this is a smart move but teachers are facing a challenge about assessing students achievement in this situation.
What are the best strategies to assess students learning keeping the same assignments and tests that were assigned for regular face to face teaching?
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Cheating can be reduced (not abolished) for online tests by setting a short time frame for the test, randomize questions, randomize answers. An application like Quayn does a fantastic job on this.
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There are risks and security concerns exist in literature but no framework to mitigate in Elearning environment.
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There are existing models, though, it is always better to build on one such as NIST and adapt it to your project taking into account your specific needs.
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I need to build elearning system and network should be SDN based network architecture.
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Check my book chapter that I have written for Smart Learning Environment in a Private cloud.
The SDN approach is different here as the hypervisors, cloud activators, orchestrators need to support your backend systems...
Almost we could not call our servers as SDN, but most of the learning softwares runs under Private cloud follows 20% of SDN methodology....
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In my country and due to the present economic situation, we have problems with participation and attendance at conferences. Fees are often too expensive without mentioning travel and accommodation costs. Our research structures are no longer able to finance us. As a mentor I can not find conferences for my students which are either good and affordable. So my questions are:
- do you know of any good IT , education and/or computer science conferences that are not too expensive or that offer a special reduced fees for students?
-do you know organizations that can finance students from developing countries?
Thank you all.
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Arranging conference is the business with the intellectual people without risk and harms. So, try to never attend in the seminar , conferences without sponsor. Few days back a conference committee from Sri Lanka sent me a mail for my permission to join there as the keynote speaker. I agreed and the following week , they mailed me for a donation of $1500 ! I didn't reply at all. So, be careful !!!
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As I was working through my research on MOOCs usage in corporate training, it dawns on me that MOOC can be just an ordinary elearning and whatever research I am doing might have already been done, just that it's under a different name. The things which probably distinguish MOOC from a traditional e-learning are the massiveness and the openness. Apart from that, what makes MOOCs worth studying about? Would love to hear some opinions here.
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I think MOOCs may be an excellent community service. While Wikipedia offers an brief overview of a topic, with sources for follow up, MOOCs offer the same self-service access to education. I would be interested to read studies about the longer term retention of the issues, and if the need for which people chose them turned out to be met by the MOOC. My impression is that they are an underutilized resource but there is little formal research to prove that, or to prove their value in various situations.
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Learners are made to create their profiles and their contextual information is stored at server end. This information is updated by learner, whenever learner makes an attempt to access learning content sequential role mining comes into major role to help extracting some behavioral patterns from the database.
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I cannot find one such paper through my searching.Thanks a lot for recommendations
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There are three sources that focused on the interactions of ubiquitous mobile computing on learning outcomes.
- Pernas, Ana Marilza, Diaz, Alicia, Motz, Regina (2012) Enriching adaptation in e‐learning systems through a situation‐aware ontology network in Interactive Technology and Smart Education. 9, 2, 60-73
- Bates, Anthony (2015) Teaching in a Digital Age. Vancouver, Canada: Tony Bates Associates Ltd https://opentextbc.ca/teachinginadigitalage/chapter/5-2-what-is-a-learning-environment/
- Kerres, M. (2007). Microlearning as a challenge for instructional design. In T. Hug and M. Linder (Eds.), Didactics of Microlearning. Muenster, Germany: Waxmann. 98-109. Retrieved from http://mediendidaktik.uni-due.de/sites/default/files/Microlearning-kerres_0.pdf
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I've created an eLearning resource. My sample group consists of 22 Biology and 7 Environmental Science students. How do I find out if there is a correlation (or difference?) between 1) the scores achieved in the test and the course taken 2) the scores achieved in the test and the students' year of study (first year, second year, final year)
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Dear Nur,
before you can determine the appropriate test, you have to find out the distribution type. Because you have a small sample size, I suggest the Shapiro-Wilk test. After performing the test, we can choose the right test. In this calculation, there are no correlations, but comparisons between 1) two or 2) more than 2 groups. Thus, you have to chosse following test:
For normally distribution:
1) t-test
2) ANOVA
For non-normally distribution:
1) Mann-Whitney-U-Test
2) Kruskal-Wallis-test
Best regards
Tanja
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The e-Learning at many islands of South Pacific and elsewhere, is accessible only via Satellite upload and download links connecting on earth WAN, MAN and LAN computer networks infrastructures.
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Check this thesis
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I have been using PBL for two decades now. Two things struck me in the goups randomly assigned to work together. I wrote about this extensively in the endnotes section in my book on TE Education since it is something of a hobby horse of mine. The process of using this teaching strategy, even in large groups, is explained fully ther
The group might be dysfunctional for various reasons but usually the two reasons I gave above in the question predominate though I tried to minmise them by randomly assigning group leaders for each group.
I also encountered both problems mentione above during my elearning course, and frankly found the ostracising one much more disturbing personally.
I never liked giving group assignments as an assessment strategy; the PBL presentations were a simple teaching strategy to engage students with learning and further reading as required at HE level.
Once I was constrained by student demands to give them the option of doing an assignment in pairs. If done in pairs both students had to write a small reflection on the whole process. Reading the reflections, everything was as smooth as silk, which made me sceptical of course.
Come a year later I learnt how the assignment was done by one person while the other did the assignment of the other study unit in a couple of instances; so much for the reflective account..
With regards to group assignments allocated by other academics, I had heard too much hoary incidents by students confiding me, to even remotely consider it, hence my duo students effort.
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Journal wise, it's a bit like an annotated bibliography, in which they keep their research and record thoughts and reflections, more context orientated than the reflective journal which I suppose in this case is more concerned with content and form.
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Does anyone have, or know where I might get a comparison of the threaded discussion features among popular learning management systems? By "features" I am thinking about threading, adaptive release, email from thread, push notifications for posts, etc.
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This site compares forum platforms across only a few common functions.
We should use this shared Google spreadsheet (http://bit.ly/comparediscussionforumfeatures) to collaboratively build a comprehensive and detailed list of features (with greater specificity) in a table crossed with discussion forum platforms.
Specific features like:
- Collapse forum to view message index by subject heading only (not available in Canvas)
- Expand forum to view message in full text with threading
- Option to collapse postings under any selected parent message
- Ability to edit subject heading of replies
- Maximum number of threads (collapsed & expanded) that are visible but legible on browser screen to see relationships between exchanges .
- Option to configure forum as flat forum, flat thread, or fully nested thread.
- Option to include or not include subject headings when posting messages.
- Option to display replies in forum or threads in chronological order or in reverse chronological order ("bumping").
- Subscribe to email notifications to replies to own messages (not available in Canvas) or to all postings.
- Email notifications that contain text of parent message and response to message, with direct link to the respond in the forum. (Blackboard only shows the response message with link).
- Ability to reciprocate a reply via email by replying to the received email notification (like in Google comments in Google docs).
- Mark read and unread
- Maximum number of characters displayed in subject heading
- Option to allow all users to edit any postings in a forum (wiki-forum) with edit system warning prior to edit (as with protected cells in a shared google spreadsheet) or without system warning.
- Option to post anonymously
- Visibility & clear distinction of individual threads (spacing & indentation between posts (Canvas is awful in this respect, especially with the inability to view the forum in index format)
- Post response before viewing other postings
- Vote or rate or like postings
- Make attachments
- Embed images & videos
- Embed a cloud apps (e.g., google presentation, google spreadsheet)
- Text formatting
- Display number of message views
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Student support is an important function of any learning institution. At open distance elearning (ODeL) institutions it is mainly offered through different supportive structures, namely systems support, affective student support, study support, and academic student support. This project focuses student support from the viewpoint of academic student support in elearning.
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The key principles of a successful self-directed program are the same regardless of the use of e-learning, distance learning or face-to-face learning. However, the means for applying these principles will vary to match with the system/method used in teaching.
First, the method of teaching should provoke thinking processes, and cognition, and raise questions (e.g., use of cases, scenarios).
Second, the sessions should enable students to identify gaps in their learning and define their learning needed.
Third, students should phrase their learning needs in the form of questions related to the case/session discussed. Usually about 5-6 questions.
Fourth, the resources available for students to search could be textbooks, reviews, research articles, e-resources, multimedia, etc
Fifth, students should have time on the schedule to do their self-directed learning, then meet to discuss their findings and the answers they found. They should also use the information collected to address issues raised in the case.
Six, there is evidence that exchange of ideas from students reinforce learning and enable students to retain information for a longer time.
Seven, peer-teaching is a useful approach to reinforce this process.
Eight, facilitation and feedback reinforce self-directed learning.
Nine, student's reflection on their self-directed learning reinforce learning.
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platform that focus on student's learning experience. name them
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I agree with Fernando, it depends on the teacher’s conception. If you consider that transmissive techniques are convenient according to the learning objectives and the target audience, then you might consider Coursera or edX as efficient solutions.
I have designed two MOOCs with edX and, from my point of view, it’s difficult to create engaging activities since it is video-based. Creating with Moodle was more interesting because I used the Test Mode to develop many Socratic dialogues which are more engaging activities for learners. In these dialogues, it was easy to embed case studies, audio clip, video clips, questions, feedbacks, etc. thus creating a quite interesting environment. Such an approach could be difficult to implement with Coursera and edX.
Regards,
Françoise
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Developing upskilling and capacity building for the Overseas Countries and Territories, and currently looking for the cooperation for these tasks.
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Dear Ahmad,
Thanks for the interest. I do appreciate your work, and I am coming back to you on this issue
Very bests
Milan
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Please can you help me to find Thomson Reuteurs Journals that covers Information Systems and Elearning with Rapid Publication? Where can I find the time needed for review, first response and publication for Journals?
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Informatica..
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Dataset containing "users rating to the elearning object".
Can you please provide us the dataset for recommending elearning objects for academic research purpose.
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You may find what you are looking for in the following paper:
Verbert, K., Manouselis, N., Drachsler, H., & Duval, E. (2012). Dataset-Driven Research to Support Learning and Knowledge
Analytics. Educational Technology & Society, 15 (3), 133–148.
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Where could I find quality sources, databases for evidence-based cost effectiveness analysis, or cost benefit research, for online work training programs?
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I suggest you rethink what you are searching for a little. If the effectiveness of the program is published and so is the cost, then cost effective is simply (cost per participant/effectiveness per participant). So for example, Royer Cook's Healthy Workplace program (aka Prime Life, based on a social-cognitive model of health behavior change) is embedded in a wellness website that the employer urges employees to explore. The program costs $13 per employee. It results in 2.2 percent of employees no longer binge drinking. Dividing $13 by 2.2 percent, the cost-effectiveness ratio is $591 per employee who stops binge drinking. If I used published estimates of the costs of binge drinking to society, the benefit-cost ratio is 22.4, with medical cost savings alone exceeding the program costs. The cost per QALY is less than zero. One place where you probably will find BCAs for some online training programs is the Washington State Institute for Public Policy's trove of BCAs. Some of the substance abuse prevention programs they feature probably use online training approaches. The National Registry of Evidence-based Programs and Policies (NREPP) also lists the costs and the outcomes for some online prevention programs, so you could readily compute the CE ratio. If you do a division like mine, be sure to use the absolute percentage reduction, not the percentage of users who quit (e.g., in my example that 2.2 percent of employees could represent a 30% reduction in employees who binge-drink). 
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This question is common in eLearning interview.
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See Dick, Carey, and Carey's latest edition (2015) of The Systematic Design of Instruction.  They've been a standard for several decades and have taken pains to update it as theories and practices have evolved.  It's a good standard for those who have not designed any type of instruction before.  I've used it to manage many eLearning projects across many years and as a basis for teaching introductory courses for instructional designers.
A well-developed analysis of the situation in which the learning is to be used is essential to the effectiveness of the eLearning, as is the development of evaluation measures that emulate as much as possible the situations in which what is learned is to be used.  Selection of the medium, format, experiences, and evaluation methods are an outgrowth of the analysis. 
The easy, quick way to design is to select eLearning, populating it with pretty pictures and text that bear no relation to the way the content will be used.  Sponsors will find this pleasing to see and will applaud.  But will it have the desired impact?  It will not.  Follow Dick, Carey, and Carey (2015) to link your process to desired real-world outcomes. 
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A recent question on what online educational tools people use generated a lot of answers, among them a suggestion to use Second Life.
I looked into it a few years ago and it appeared to me that Second Life is not really alive anymore. Particularly, there seems to have been an issue whether to change from an installable application to a browser-based application.
I design eLearning modules in the field of accounting and business, including statistics, and I was wondering whether there is any experience out there you would like to share.
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You don't have to buy or rent a whole island in Second Life. You can rent office space in someone's building.
Also, check out Open Sim which is the free open source version of Second Life. You can use the Firestorm Phoenix viewer in both Second Life and Open Sim.
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I am looking for a standardized and widely adopted way to integrate an e-learning platform I am working on with several LMSs (Moodle, Blackboard, etc.). I have found Tin Can API (a.k.a Experience API or xAPI) which looks like the ideal solution for my use case, but I would like to hear about alternatives (if any) and compare them.
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Juan,
You may find some technical answers to your question in the various specifications developed by the IMS Global Learning Consortium
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Hi RG community,
While working on a project to support technological uptake in Higher Education I discovered that there is a lot of information on:
1- The difficulties to adopt technology-enhanced learning in Higher education;
2- The strategies for Faculty development as a general problem (connected to the several academics' tasks, from research to pedagogical practices).
My question could be placed at the crossroad between the above mentioned issues. The thing is: which are the specific strategies of faculty development that would enforce quality eLearning adoption?
I know there must be plenty of literature, but your opinion and concrete cases would be of great help!
Thanks!
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Hi
The best method I've found is to create the training course online.  This puts the instructors in the role of student and gives them a very different perspective about what they will be doing.  Spread the class over five or so weeks and have them create their course during this time if that is part of their assignment.  If not they can have plenty of time to review the course that they will use.
Monitor the new instructors for two semesters to determine if they are applying the instructional strategies that are policy at the institution.  Coach them through this time so that any former undesirable behavior from a traditional classroom is not carried over.
I was a master trainer where this process was used and it created a good environment for the students, instructors, and elearning administration.
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This is meant to be like a poll. I would like to hear those who are specialists in education field in general and learning theory in specific. In your opinion, what are the most influential scientific papers in learning theory and why? 
It is good to know if educators have consensus on a set of papers in the first place but why those papers not others is not less important. Please indicate why you choose these papers.
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Hi! 
Good question! I interpret it as searching for a paper written after the year 2000? ("21st century"?) Many papers mentioned here in the discussion are surely important for us today, but written in the 20th century.
With this limitation, I would like to suggest George Siemens "Connectivism and connective knowledge"  http://www.elearnspace.org/Articles/connectivism.htm , not because it it yet so influential, or "right" or fully developed (it isn't) but because it takes very seriously the task of thinking of reconsidering what learning is or should be in an age of information flow and rapid development of knowledge, without falling in a trap of digitalisation of learning content, "e-learning" as something completely revolutionary per se. 
Without being related, the information philosopher Luciano Floridi has similar freshness and approach in taking ICTs seriously, but is very much more radical, he aims at reconstructing philosophy "of our age, gor our age". Learning is important, but used as an area of examples so far. But you can read his "E-ducation and the languages of information" to get an idea of his approach. In learning theory he is a kind of constructionist, like Seymour Papert.
I hope these papers provokes you!
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I'm actually working on an evaluation model for MOOC, yet I need to compare it with existing theorietical and technical methods
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Dear Jihane
If I try to deconstruct your question, you are asking for methods / frameworks to evaluate effectiveness of learning tools (except in this case the mode of delivery is precised). So, in my impression you might want to look into ways of assessing effective educational practices. There are different models (for example instructional design theories (David Merril, Jeroen Van Merriënboer, etc.)) that might give you a framework to do that. I can imagine (based on your background, that you want to do something with the technological or media component of the environment. There are different multimedia theories for learning (Mayer) that might help you with that.
My advice would be not to look for specific theories to tackle the description of MOOCs, but to look for solid educational frameworks to analyse the effectiveness of instruction.
I hope this helps.
All the best,
Stijn
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I am recently seeking for information about e-learning standards applied in MOOC so I can define the learner profile.
If anyone has any research papers concerning this topic, i'd be so thankful if you share it with me.
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I think taking this guidelines http://elg.ac.nz/the-guidelines/teacher-pespective there are some that MOOCs take, but differ in one very important aspect: 
E-learning is rigid, they say what you must learn and now, MOOCs are amazingly more flexible with some schedule. I think the other difference is the level of metacognition you need to be successful with courses
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Can someone please give me some input and advice on the following?
Is there an alternative solution than VitalSource /CourseSmart to provide study guides to students in an online e-book copy produced by VitalSourse/CourseSmart software? Or are they the best, although expensive? 
Secondly and on a separate note we give students access to our online e-library called “Cyberlibris” or Scholartext in order for them to have access to other books, publications and articles. Are there other similar or better e-libraries systems available?
Thirdly what is the best software or system to track and get feedback on academic tasks, projects, report back and deadlines? Something like Trello or Todoist is just some examples?
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There is nothing like the best one, there are many applications available which can also be customized or create your own developed with dot not framework, SQL data base, HTML.  The data centers shall provide services through cloud, an  unique access point for all the requests coming from the users spread far and wide on Infrastructure as a service (IaaS)
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I feel that you don't need any explanation about MOOC. Your know them. You have your own opinion. My question is oriented to develop a collaborative SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats) matrix analysis. So, I appreciate it if your answers are oriented to these four aspects (related to MOOC):
Strengths
Weaknesses
Opportunities
Threats
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Thank you for your answer. I have received not enough answers to build a coherent SWOT analysis about MOOC. This was a research action: was it possible to build this kind of analysis in this environment? I see that we continue needing the cooperation of closer colleagues. Thanks again.
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Various disruptive technologies have affected teaching learning process. . In view of this , can we contemplate role for teachers, especially in higher education? He/she should be a coach, facilitator, technology savvy etc. What else can we visualize?
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The most prominent role for teachers, professors, and instructors is as mentor and cheerleader. They spark and expand imagination, and bring tools and resources for their students. Technology represents a tremendous expansion of resources and databases. But they do not replace the vital attributes of a teacher. 
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After the first release in 2002 Moodle has become one of the most frequently used learning management systems. Many successful educational projects have been designed using it. At the moment, a group of researchers is developing an e-learning course on innovative textile fields (Advan2Tex) using this platform. Although I find Moodle suitable for this task, I also find some disadvantages of this LMS (or maybe some personal “dislikes”). I am interested in users’ experiences related to application/functionalities of Moodle versus other learning management systems.
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I think Moodle is a good  free LMS. They need some improvement in some functions, but you can do most of the things you need for your online course. If needed, you can make changes in the code. Here at University of São Paulo - Brazil we used Webct (old one)  in the past and now we moved to Moodle. Some courses, we have more the 1K students and works fine.
Best,
Dutra
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Authoring tools allows the generation on web content. ATAG 2.0 Part B established the need of features in authoring tools to facilitate the generation of accessible web content. Part A has to do with the accessibility of the authoring tool itself, i.e. accessible for disabled authors.I´m specially interested in published results about authoring tools in the context of LMS or CMS. For instance, the level of compliance of Moodle with ATAG 2.0. Any help is very much appreciated. 
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Thanks :)
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My focus is on Engineering Education. 
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Hi,
It's really a complex question
Why a teacher will want to develop a digital learning material? And if he is motivated to do it, does he have the required competencies for this task?
For the students’ side, how can we maintain their motivation? Is the content adapted to each of them? How can we control cheating …etc   
Regards
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Let me know here and/or please take our short (about 10 minutes) survey and feel free to distribute to your networks.
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Today, we are developing researches using the Virtual World OpenSim to create educational activities. It allows you to create several different objects and virtual agents that can be directioned to the development of educational tasks. I consider a great option to create simulations in many different areas, like chemestry, physics and informatics.
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Several years ago, I ran a debate with one of my professors at Education Department about human working memory. He insisted that technology has ruined human memory; many people rely more and more on their mobiles and laptops instead of their own memories. He also presented some research evidence showing that.
At that time, it was hard for me to accept this idea. I argued that human is a clever being. If tools or technologies would help us to save our memories, then is it logical to kick these technologies out or even reduce our usage of them because they harm our memories? However, my opinion was not supported by a solid theory. Cognitivism and Constructivism clearly state that our inner memories are important in a learning process.
This debate has carved in my mind and the case was not closed, at least for me. Recently, we have investigated some of new learning theories. Among a long list, we visited Actor-Network Theory, Community of Practice, and Connectivism. And to be honest, I found Connectivism wide enough to answer my question and to build upon. Knowledge is a network and learning is a process of finding patterns reside in this network. Inside or outside human skull, it does not matter.
This is not to end the discussion; actually, it is to open it. Are you with or against of proposing new learning theory? Our understanding of knowledge network, learning and Connectivism presented in this paper.
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This article by George Siemens (2004) may interest you:
Connectivism: A learning Theory for digital Age
There is a more recent article by Terry Anderson and Jon Dron (2011).
The authors examine “The three generations of cognitive-behaviourist, social constructivist, and connectivist pedagogy are examined, using the familiar community of inquiry model (Garrison, Anderson, & Archer, 2000) with its focus on social, cognitive, and teaching presences” (Extracted from the abstract).
As stated by many responses that technology changes the pace and method of teaching, learning including our lifestyle and new laws need to be established in accordance to our digital environment. Winston and Edelbach (2011) theorize that the world is now experiencing a technological revolution. The authors state that the predecessor of the technological revolution was the industrial revolution, which followed the earlier agricultural revolution. The industrial and agricultural revolutions had longer lifespans than the technological revolution, in which new technologies have a shorter lifecycle and faster pace of change.
I believe that constructivism constructs knowledge in cognitive stages, and pragmatism builds knowledge on learners’ past experiences. Pragmatists may possess past relevant technological knowledge that may be useful to conduct research on the complexities of online learning. I argue that the learning paradigm shift follows the cycle of constructivism, social constructivism, and then pragmatism. The cycle will go back to social constructivism when a new demarcation point for learning process is integrated, which includes all the influential factors, such as technological tools.
Finally, I do agree that new learning theories should be proposed. You have posed an interesting discussion question. 
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How can we rank e-learning problems like learning path sequencing, object recommendation etc..
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Aditya;
This study is not specific to your question but assessed the difficulty level of e-learning tools which can probably help inform your study.
Best regards,
Debra
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Is there any site where we can get the seminars/conferences and workshops conducted in India in the last five years in different subjects?
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Hi,
Mayby following site http://www.conference-service.com/ can help you to the info you need.
Best,
Moanes
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Usability components: 'easy to use' as efficiency ,'easy to learn' as learnability, memorability and satisfaction. I would like to search for many other indicators that may have effects on these components.
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integration - ability to integrate with existing materials, methods, etc.
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Wearable technologies, immersive education, accreditation versus self-learning, industrial challenges at the university
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industrial challenges at the university
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i need Moodle elearning data set for research 
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Hi, Mushtaq.
If you are looking for actual site data, you will need to be friendly to an institution who would be willing to give it to you. You could post a request on the Moodle Research forum, but people are, understandably, protective about the data from their sites.
Michael de Raadt
Moodle Research Director
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please, if there any one that he is working on the analysis of interaction traces (in elearning). thank you to send me data base of interaction traces to use it in my research.
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Hi,
I think each OLE have a DB of interaction traces that can be invistigated in order to study about the interactions of students with others and with the materials. Is this what is needed?
Best
Moanes
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Will Learning Dynamics change for Gen Z learners ? How it will impact the Student Support in eLearning environments in such case?
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Agree with Dintsis. They need to be given short duration lectures than long 3 hour lectures. The attention span of the Z-s much less compared to the previous generations. 
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The possibilities of using Web 4.0 tools are currently being discussed by IT experts and other interested stakeholders at conferences. Artificial intelligence is seen as one of the key characteristics of these tools and their ability to solve problems for humankind. How do you anticipate using Web 4.0 tools in education or is it "tool" early to begin thinking of these possibilities? Your views are much appreciated.
Many thanks,
Debra
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Concepts belonging to Web X.0 class are not formal, they are not part of a formal system, where every term has a unique interpretation. They were assumed as a result of on-line social practice. Usually  these are web related terminology, and there are not Educational Web X.0, or in Education, but application of them in Education.
Web 1.0 and Web 2.0 are almost universally understood. Many persons think that Web 3.0 is the Web where resources have formal meaning, they are understood by machines. In this case Semantic Web and Web 3.0 are synonymous (several persons are not agree with that, for them Semantic Web and Web 3.0 are different concepts).
Currently Web 1.0 and 2.0 are fully extended. Many sites and services are currently semantic. But transforming resources into semantic ones is a process linked with ontology creation, or application, and it is not a trivial task.  Theory and practice with ontologies is a specialized field of Artificial Intelligence.
Web 4.0, 05,  are not yet well defined or commonly understood. I think Web 4.0 could be the Web of Things (there are who thinks that it is the Semantic Web), where not just web resources, but every artifact, used by people in common life are interconnected, and their properties and interactions are semantically represented (again, in the sense of formal semantic, understood by computers, which use that information as data).
I think the first task for educational institutions, should be fully apply Web 2.0 resources, and that means changes current educational approaches (in the most of cases).
The next step should be introduce semantic resources, development of ontologies and knowledge bases systems based on them, extension of Web 2.0 based analytics to semantic one.
Later tasks fall in the field of speculation, scientific or not, but in any case, far from practical applications.
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I don't know a lot about K-Means clustering technique but it seems that it is working along with Regression and Bayesian Clustering Modeling. Thus, I would like to read any useful articles that explain step-by-step "When" and "How" to use K-Means technique in social sciences research only. I don't like to know the statistical equations and complex algorithms involved in K-Means, I just want to use it, as education researcher.
If applicable, please refer to any software in which I can apply K-Mean on.
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An easy way to select k is to make a loop for different values of k and select the min. error. e.g. 
for loop = 2: NumberOfClusters
      [idx, C, sumd, D] = kmeans(X,loop);
      S(Color, loop) = sumsqr(sumd);
end
and I got the fig. 
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I am studying in educational sciences so I would like to hear from the experts in the field of social sciences. I would like to study the relationship between Learning Styles and student's socialization: how the student react with his teachers/parents/fellows/friends in Higher Education.
Any help will be highly appreciated to find the instrument/inventory/questionnaire that has been proved to be valid and widely accepted in the field.
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Alaa, I understand that You want to measure the student's socialization. To this, I believe you should observe how a participant or non-participant the day by day and write your impressions in a notebook (field diary). The interations can be displayed. You can create a table with a socialization's level. Questionaires or interviews can to help you. They'd be auxiliar's tools.
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Studies in Learning Styles are quite different in the way they conceive the scope of Learning Styles. For examples, Coffield et al. (2004) identified 5 families of learning styles:
  • constitutionally-based learning styles and preferences
  • cognitive structure stable
  • stable personality type
  • ‘flexibly' stable personality type
  • learning approaches and strategies.
In each family, there are many models and inventories to examine student's Learning Styles. Coffield et al. gathered these models which are counted to 71 model. I already studied many of these models but I couldn't find any inventory that consider how the students interact in their social network (real life and online) as part of their learning styles. First, do you know any inventory that include this factor? If not, do you consider this thought worth studying?
Coffield, F., Moseley, D., Hall, E., & Ecclestone, K. (2004). Learning styles and pedagogy in post-16 learning: A systematic and critical review. Trowbridge, Wiltshire: Learning & Skills Research Centre.
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Yes, as students are socialized in different ways in their own cultures and bring this socialization to their learning environment. For example, research on Mexican students show that they value team work and perform better when working together in a learning context. I think my research article regarding accommodating learning styles for different cultural backgrounds can be helpful in answering your question:
Best regards,
Debra
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I am interested in the processes of diffusion and sustainability of innovations and finding the connections between actions that enable and inhibit further adoption beyond the first wave of early adopters of proven elearning innovations in universities?
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I've looked at the Fishbone; and adored it as highly comprehensive. The only thing I really saw as missing was HR structure and process to recruit the right people for innovation/adoption. But I have a broad quibble as to whether the fishbone structure  isn't a generally applicable one, around technology adoption, rather than specific to Higher Education, an observation I feel highly relevant. The point is, in HE, I've seen ineffective technology as a barrier to adoption and I've seen resistance to change, but HE has a particular enabling factor for resistance to change, that you won't find elsewhere - Academic Freedom
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We are planning some eReading experiments. Therefore we need standardized texts in German with different difficulties. Ideally, they should be rather short (1000-2000 characters including spaces) and tell a story or explain something (i.e. no senseless text).
I am glad for any help.
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One option may be the Gutenberg project, which has a large collection of free ebooks in german (see http://www.gutenberg.org/wiki/German_Language_Books_(Bookshelf)
There you find basically all classic authors like Goethe and Schiller, but also non-fiction. But since it collects just material which is free of IP issues, it does not contain "modern" literature.
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I am interested in incorporating the use of a clicker (audience response systems) into our established large group lecture based curriculum in tertiary education. Many of the younger lecturers have been keen to have a go, but most of the older, more established teachers are reluctant or out-right refuse to try. There is plenty of literature to support the benefits of this technology in this setting, but the uptake has still been difficult.
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Jennifer, I do not know about the research but I use mobile technology to facilitate this as it helps to break up the mass lecturer and provides multidimensional formative feedback.  This approach to student centred involvement promotes satisfaction and belongingness within the student population.
I present a QR code to the students via the projector which takes them directly to the vote/ response form.  I tend to use google form as the data is instantly presented in graph form. I have some secondary school friends who have taken this a step further and the interface look like game show 'millionaire.'
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Research That can include any of the following:
-  Evolution of Digital Technologies relevant to the Target Audiences
-  Impact of Digital Technologies on the Target Audiences
-  Digital Technologies and their Impact Locally and Globally on the Industry 
- Future Trends
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Dear Ramzy, 
Check my publications as most of the are related to e-learning in the Middle East Region
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Hello everyone;
I want propose a process to analyse the interaction traces in e-learning to evaluate the learning process. Therefore, I should choose a set of criteria and a set of indicators.
If anyone can help me to find the best criteria and indicators.
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Hello!
There are different methods and techniques to analyze peer-to-peer interactions in online learning environments. A technique often used is content analysis. As introduction to it,  take a look at these references:
De Wever, B., Schellens, T., Valcke, M., & Van Keer, H. (2006). Content analysis schemes to analyze transcripts of online asynchronous discussion groups: A review. Computers & Education, 46(1), 6-28.
Espasa, A., Guasch, T., & Alvarez, I. M. (2013). Analysis of Feedback Processes in Online Group Interaction: a Methodological Model. Digital education review, 23, 59-73.
If you are interessted I have other interesting references.
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Mobile devices are of the most powerful teaching and learning tools in the hands of 21st century teachers. In what ways and how is it effectively used in the classroom and beyond?
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Hi Nikos, I am currently undertaking research on the use of mobile devices to increase student engagement in lectures. The research is complete and I am in the process of write up. I would be happy to share experiences.
Thanks,
Claire
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Specifically, what tools could lead to improved "graduation" rates?
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There is a more recent report from HarvardX/MITx, summing up the first two years of their open online courses.
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In order to use a best model to evaluate the usability of web-based learning application
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Your question is not specific enough. What are you trying to prove? That one web based learning application is easier to use than another. This does not say that subjects are able to acquire more skills through an easier to use application as learnign depends on the content proposed by the application. 
While there are numerous ways to measure usability, once you have measured the usability of an application, what will you do with the results? I guess, you would recommend the use of an easier to use application. However, you need to ensure that the contents in the two applications, you are comparing, are the same to be able to make your recommendation. 
In one of my publications, I measured the usability of two versions of a web-based info retrieval application. In one version, some usability heuristics were implemented while in the second application, all web usability heuristics were implemented. Through usability trials, the study tried to identify if the extra efforts to implement all usability heuristics had a significant positive impact on usability. The study showed that it took less time to find the information in the second version. However, subjects committed more errors using the second version. Moreover, subjects had higher "Ease of use perceptions" for the first version. Finally, there was no significant statistical difference between the three measures (time, error EOU perceptions) between the two groups. This led to the conclusion that the extra efforts was not worthhwhile for an application developed without user participation and user task analysis.  
The above study shows that while usability experts will find the second version as easier to use due to the implementation of all user interface design heuristics, subjects undertaking a usability trial find the first version as easier to use. So which of the two applications should we recommend to users? To find out, as well as usability, other criteria should be measured.  
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I try to find the specific characteristics of MOOC which distinguishes it from other online platform i.e Moodle
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This is an area of common confusion.  An LMS like Moodle is used to create and deliver online instructional materials, frequently in higher education settings.  Most often these courses would not be massive (i.e. with enrollments in the tens or hundreds of thousands) and most instances of Moodle would not be able to manage that number of students.  The OpenEdX platform does something similar to Moodle in that it provides both the tools and can be hosted in an environment (e.g. AWS) that scales to manage very large numbers.  The Coursera platform and edXxalso benefit from their elite and global reputation and partner colleges that attract millions of potential students to free courses in ways that is difficult for a single institution to do on its own.  That aspect of the platform is sometimes forgotten, but in many cases it is what makes "massive" happen. 
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I'm looking for work on how social networks can be exploited for the purpose of improving MOOC?
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 Hi Jihane, I recently read this article ... I don't know if that's what you mean for "improvement", but It seems valuable for MOOC
When I have "a minute" I try to look for other papers ... good job, timely question!
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Inmerse in every didactic techniques could exist some specific kind of interactions.
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A didactic method is a teaching method that follows a consistent scientific approach or educational style to engage the student’s mind. The didactic method of instruction is often contrasted with dialectics and the Socratic method; the term can also be used to refer to a specific didactic method, as for instance constructivist didactics.
Didactics is a theory of teaching, and in a wider sense, a theory and practical application of teaching and learning. In demarcation from "Mathetics" (the science of learning), didactics refers only to the science of teaching.
This theory might be contrasted with open learning, also known as experiential learning, in which people can learn by themselves, in an unstructured manner, on topics of interest.
The theory of Didactic Learning methods focuses on the baseline knowledge students possess and seeks to improve upon and convey this information. It also refers to the foundation or starting point in a lesson plan, where the overall goal is knowledge. A teacher or educator functions in this role as an authoritative figure, but also as both a guide and a resource for students.
Student Support Services in E-Learning, deals specifically defining and integrating student support services into Internet based e-learning solutions to produce online distance education that can offer complete educational experiences for individual students and groups of students. To transform an e-learning programme into a complete educational experience, one need high quality systems for distribution and presentation of content, for two-way and many-way communication, for individual and group based student activities and all kinds of personal, academic and administrative student support services.
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I'm looking for papers and general guidelines based on data. Any help is welcome.
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Thank you for your effort, Leona. I happened to find a couple of interesting ones I hadn't noticed before. Most are case studies from which little evidence can be drawn, but at least they point in a certain direction. I have a hard time trying to do any decent research in the corporate field, as there's hardly any tradition of rigorous measuring, and it would seem that my difficulties are commonplace.
As for the article about iBeacons, as you say there's no direct link to my question, but it was an interesting reading nevertheless. It's really exciting how e-learning is getting closer to the "real" world, just as it should.
Kind regards
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I'm searching for tools/methods that can be used to evaluate e module, any suggestions?
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Dear Rohani,
here are a couple of literature pointers, that may be helpful to you, but only pointing towards effectiveness: 
Effects of Learning Skills Interventions on Student Learning: A Meta-Analysis: http://rer.sagepub.com/content/66/2/99
You may also want to look at the following question, which is going towards the same direction: 
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(e.g. 15 minutes) ?
Designing modules for patient education online and would like evidence for using certain time durations given patients'/adult learners attention span, etc.
Have found data for students in academic settings but not for patient education.