Science topics: GeoscienceAfricaZambia
Science topic

Zambia - Science topic

A republic in southern Africa, south of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO and TANZANIA, and north of ZIMBABWE. Its capital is Lusaka. It was formerly called Northern Rhodesia.
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Article
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This paper contributes to the smallholder agriculture commercialisation literature by applying the Theory of Planned Behaviour in an under-researched developing country context. The study examines the influence of attitude, subjective norms and perceived behavioural control on the Scaling-Up intent among smallholder village chicken (free-range or i...
Article
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Background Schistosomiasis or bilharzia is one of the neglected tropical diseases affecting over 230 million people globally. In Zambia, the infection poses as one of the major public health burdens among parasitic infections. The diagnosis of schistosomiasis in endemic countries is still a challenge. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagn...
Article
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Background Patient access to necessary medical imaging in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) remains a major obstacle, complicating clinician decision-making and compromising patient outcomes. Methods We implemented a longitudinal point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) training program at a new Family Medicine residency in Zambia and subsequently...
Article
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Background Low-and Medium-Income Countries (LMIC) continue to record a high burden of under-five deaths (U5D). There is a gap in knowledge of the factors contributing to housing materials inequalities in U5D. This study examined the contributions of the individual- and neighbourhood-level factors to housing materials inequalities in influencing U5D...
Article
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The study sought to assess the uptake of Information Communication Technologies (ICTs) for online learning in institutions of higher learning during the novel corona virus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. In March 2020, Zambia announced its first two clinically confirmed COVID-19 cases. In the same month, the government announced the indefinite closure...
Article
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Traditional markets form a critical part of rural-urban food systems in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Aside from providing more affordable and physically accessible food to low-income consumers, traditional markets serve as wholesalers to street vendors, create market entry points for smallholder farmers, and provide essential employment opportunities...
Thesis
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This study was undertaken to analyse the educational experiences of Grade four language learners in selected rural primary schools of Zambezi District of Zambia. As a qualitative study, the descriptive research design was used to provide a detailed analysis of the phenomena under investigation. Data was collected through interviews and lesson obser...
Poster
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Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is an essential HIV prevention tool for persons at increased risk of HIV. In Zambia, key populations (KP) face substantial psychosocial and structural barriers to accessing PrEP services. Alternative community-based PrEP delivery strategies can improve and sustain PrEP uptake. We explored KP experiences and perceptio...
Article
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Most developing country's governments in Sub Sahara African countries' including Zambia's and international organizations have committed major resources to promote Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) as a means of increasing resilience to the effects of climate change. Zambia has made significant progress in expanding CSA and is now regarded as a regio...
Article
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Disintegration and decomposition of sedimentary materials and igneous/metamorphic rocks in arid and semi-arid plateaus form expansive soils. The parent materials of expansive soils are 5.3 million years (basic igneous rocks) to > 570 million years (basement complex rocks) old. Developing an index property to estimate the fraction of primary mineral...
Article
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Background Long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) and indoor residual spraying (IRS) target night-time indoor biting mosquitoes and effectively reduce malaria transmission in rural settings across Africa, but additional vector control tools are needed to interrupt transmission. Attractive targeted sugar baits (ATSBs) attract and kill mosquitoes, in...
Article
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Despite an ostensibly good legal framework in place, Zambia continues to grapple with management of her vast forest estate. This paper is a socio-legal analysis discussing the weaknesses and gaps in the regulatory framework, and makes a particular conclusion that, the key problem is the gap between legal text in the law and social context on the gr...
Article
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The paper builds from the controversial approval of a large scale open-pit mine in the Lower Zambezi National Park of Zambia. The paper argues that such controversial approvals are themselves a reflection of subjectivity in the logic of EIA rules. Without amending, if not repealing these rules, subjectivity remains at the center of the approval sys...
Conference Paper
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This paper is on the efficiency in technical English as a viable tool for poverty alleviation for the youths in Nigeria. It emphasizes that whereas our industries are in need of the youths with technical skills in civil engineering, mechanical engineering, electrical and electronic engineering, etc, for their gainful operations, there is also the i...
Article
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This paper examined the narratives of survivors of child marriages. Their perceptions were important in understanding the mindset that drive the contraction of child marriages. The study was carried out in Lusaka and Central provinces of Zambia and used a narrative design. Qualitative data were collected using the semi-structured interview guides....
Article
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The psychosocial concerns of HIV medicalization and bracketing of wellbeing in medical sense should not just be ‘normalised’ by clinical approaches. HIV medicalisation has become the basis of normalisation among citizens without being questioned. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to examine the extent to which HIV governmentality as mediated thro...
Article
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University education is no longer a passport to secure employment for graduates. In Zambia, for example, 72.3% of unemployed graduates are below the age of 35. Youth unemployment represents an enormous cost to society in terms of lost potential for economic growth, negative return on investment in education as well as a potential increase in vices...
Article
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This study documents the voices of guidance and counselling teachers in selected secondary schools in the Eastern Province of Zambia. In order to document the voices of guidance and counselling teachers, a qualitative approach was employed using the descriptive research design. This approach was chosen in order to describe the experiences of the re...
Article
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This study uses remote sensing and GIS techniques to examine the intensity and dynamics of land use/cover change and environmental indices across a four-decade period in the Chingola district of Zambia, from 1972 to 2020 using five classification stages (1972, 1992, 2001, 2013, and 2020). A total of 10 key climate change detection monitoring indice...
Article
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Resource Tenure and Property Rights is the central gist of natural resource management yet it remains the most neglected aspect in policy, legal and regulatory instruments. This paper argues that from a legal and regulatory context, resource tenure is the elaboration and enforcement of different bundles of rights over a resource. It is the failure...
Article
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Challenges of the UNESCO heritage nomination project for the Barotse Floodplain Cultural concealed a huge social and cultural safeguards complexity. The project failed and was consequently deferred after a twelve year struggle to legitimize it by seeking consent of the local people in the Barotse floodplains. At the root of challenge was the propon...
Presentation
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Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is caused by infection of cattle or water buffalo with the poxvirus Lumpy skin disease virus (LSDV). The virus is one of three closely related species within the genus capripoxvirus, the other two species being Sheeppox virus and Goatpox virus. LSD was first described in Zambia in 1929. Over the next 85 years it steadily s...
Article
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Background One of the outcomes of sexual violence is unintended pregnancy. In Zambia, 15% of married women age 15—49 years had experienced sexual violence from their husband or partner. The prevalence of unintended pregnancies among women age 15—49 years has risen from 33% in 1992 to 38% in 2018. The link between sexual violence and unintended preg...
Article
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Medical imaging plays a significant role in the detection of foetal anomalies, such as the Pentalogy of Cantrell (POC). POC is a congenital anomaly involving five or fewer body malformations: ectopia cordis (EC), tetralogy of fallot (TOF), sternal defects, diaphragmatic defects, and abdominal wall defects. The commonly used imaging modality in the...
Article
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Infants and young children are commonly referred for medical imaging for suspected aspirated or inhaled foreign bodies (FBs). FB aspirations are potentially life-threatening and immediate diagnosis and treatment are vital to avert fatalities. Chest radiography is the first-line imaging method indicated to evaluate suspected aspirated FB. This can b...
Article
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Water contamination by heavy metals and organic waste presents a great challenge in developing countries, thereby hampering access to safe water. In this work, activated carbons were prepared from Zea mays cob (MC), Anacardium occidentale (cashew nut shells-CNS), sawdust from Pinus oocarpa (SPO) and Pterocarpus angolensis (SPA) biomass waste found...
Article
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Introduction: Clinical supervisors are responsible for the facilitation of practice-based learning for radiography students. However, literature is scarce on the roles of clinical supervisors in the clinical training of students in Zambia. Objective: This study was aimed at identifying and exploring the roles of clinical supervisors in the clinical...
Article
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Background: There has been a demand for radiographers in Zambia to perform intravenous (IV) cannulation and administration of contrast media, a role which, traditionally, was radiologists'. This demand is due to a shortage of radiologists and an increase in demand for imaging examinations. This review aimed at synthesising relevant literature relat...
Article
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The study being reported here was part of a large scale survey of 54 selected primary and junior secondary schools from all the nine provinces of Zambia. The purpose of this study was to conduct a situational analysis on the teaching of governance issues and to assess whether the current curriculum adequately responded to issues of governance in pr...
Article
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Background Modern contraceptive use among adolescents is low despite the adverse effects of adolescent pregnancies. Understanding correlates of modern contraceptive use in different settings is key to the design of effective context-specific interventions. We aimed to determine factors associated with modern contraceptives use among adolescents in...
Chapter
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Urban anthropology in Southeast Asia needs to recognize not only the eclectic diversity and longevity of indigenous urbanism and cities in the region but also the different academic disciplines and changing sociopolitical contexts that have been brought to bear on the subject. Archaeologists and historians have enriched our understanding of the div...
Conference Paper
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Background: HIV treatment has clear Health-Related Quality-of-Life (HRQoL) benefits. However, little is known about how Universal Testing and Treatment (UTT) for HIV affects HRQoL. We examined the effect of a combination prevention intervention, including UTT, on HRQoL among PLHIV. Methods: Data were from HPTN 071 (PopART), a three-arm cluster ran...
Article
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Introduction: Population-based biomarker surveys are the gold standard for estimating HIV prevalence but are susceptible to substantial non-participation (up to 30%). Analytical missing data methods, including inverse-probability weighting (IPW) and multiple imputation (MI), are biased when data are missing-not-at-random, for example when people l...
Article
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Human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) has caused social–economic burden in remote rural communities mostly in sub-Saharan Africa for over a century. The World Health Organization had targeted the year 2020 for the elimination of HAT caused by Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense, which is mainly endemic in Malawi, Uganda, Tanzania, and Zambia. Significant...
Article
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Animal welfare remains a contemporary issue in livestock development as World Organization for Animal Health stresses its importance in the livestock trade. Key elements of good animal welfare include animals being healthy, comfortable, well-nourished, safe, not suffering from unpleasant states such as pain, fear, and distress, and expressing behav...
Article
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This study was an attempt at the analysis of the Zambia cattle population, its production systems and management practices using data collected during the 2017/2018 livestock and aquaculture census. The Public User Microdata Sample dataset provided by the Central Statistics Organization were analyzed using both qualitative and quantitative methods....
Article
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Soil information is essential for agricultural research and development. In developing countries like Zambia, the availability of soil information is limited by the cost of new soil surveys. Legacy soil information could be useful to fill this gap. This study evaluated the availability of legacy soil information in Southern and Eastern Provinces of...
Article
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The World Health Organization (WHO) recommended utilizing mobile money to minimize the transmission of the COVID-19 virus through contactless and cashless activities wherever feasible. The Bank of Zambia (BOZ) responded on March 30, 2020, with mitigating measures that allowed for the use of mobile money services to mitigate the pandemic's negative...
Article
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Zambia like many other countries has not been spared from the destructive impacts of climate change. Climate change awareness creation is pivotal to adaptation and mitigation strategies. Effective dissemination of knowledge among the citizens during formal school years and later on in teacher training programs is crucial to that end. This paper inv...
Article
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Notwithstanding the growing scholarly interest in the effects of principal instructional leadership on student achievement, empirical evidence in developing countries from the African context, especially Zambia, concerning the role of principal instructional leadership behavior effect on students' academic outcomes has been limited. Hence, this stu...
Article
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Background: Pharmacovigilance of biological medicines is crucial because it ensures that medicines meet the World Health Organization (WHO) standards. In Zambia, there is little information on healthcare professionals’ familiarity, knowledge and practices on the pharmacovigilance of biological and biosimilar medicines. Therefore, this study investi...
Article
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The optimal dose of iron in ready-to-use therapeutic foods (RUTF) used to treat uncomplicated severe acute malnutrition in community settings is not well established. The objective of this systematic review was to assess if an increased iron dose in RUTF, compared with the standard iron dose in the World Health Organization (WHO)-recommended peanut...
Article
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This study examines how political and technical factors influence climate finance coordination in different country contexts. Emerging scholarly and policy literature calls for the improved coordination of climate finance to enhance the effectiveness of multiple sources of funding for adaptation and mitigation purposes, with country ownership over...
Article
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A well-documented barrier to voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) is financial loss due to the missed opportunity to work while undergoing and recovering from VMMC. We implemented a 2-phased outcome evaluation to explore how enhanced demand creation and financial compensation equivalent to 3 days of missed work influence uptake of VMMC among...
Article
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Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus type 2 (SARS-CoV-2) virus is the cause of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). It has caused millions of infections and deaths globally over a 2-year period. Some populations including those living with HIV and/or cancer are reported to be at a higher risk of infection and severe disease. HIV infection...
Article
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The Whiskered Tern (Chlidonias hybrida) is little studied in southern Africa. In Zambia, it is primarily found in the south and west of the country, where the Barotse Floodplain and Kafue Flats are known to contain substantial numbers of terns. Although the species is common in Liuwa Plain National Park, there are no high counts. While in Liuwa in...
Conference Paper
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Small-scale electrical contractors are subjected to a plethora of occupational demands that negatively affect social, psychological, and physical wellbeing, with an adversative influence on employees' and firms' performance. Employee wellbeing is perceived to improve occupational health and safety (OH&S) in various construction projects. However, t...
Article
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In many countries, smallholder farmers play a key role in food crop seed production. So far, the community roles, operational structures, seed production efficiency, aspects of sustainability, and the social and policy environments in which these groups operate have been poorly studied and described. The present study attempts to better understand...
Article
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The period of political electioneering is one of the most heated and divisive moments in Zambia's political landscape. This article draws upon and reports the findings of a qualitative study which collected, interrogated, and using content and discourse analysis, analysed the content of 28 election campaign songs prior to the 2016 Presidential and...
Article
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The period of political electioneering is one of the most heated and divisive moments in Zambia's political landscape. This article draws upon and reports the findings of a qualitative study which collected, interrogated, and using content and discourse analysis, analysed the content of 28 election campaign songs prior to the 2016 Presidential and...
Article
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Countries across the world advocate for the usage and benefits of the Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR). 4IR sets the pace for artificial intelligence, increased utilisation of the internet, and digital technologies in service delivery. Society expects universities to be able to understand the key tenets of 4IR and provide guidance in its utilisat...
Article
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Introduction: While many studies have implemented programs to increase sanitation coverage throughout the world, there are limited rigorous studies on the sustainability of these sanitation programs. Methods: Between 2014 and 2018, the rural Sustainable Sanitation and Hygiene for All (SSH4A) approach was implemented by SNV in sub-Saharan Africa an...
Article
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Background Globally, 19 million children have preventable vision impairment simply because refractive and eye health services are inaccessible to most of them. In Zambia, approximately 50,000 school children need spectacle provision. The School-based Eye Health Programme (SEHP) has been identified worldwide as a proven strategy to address childhood...
Article
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Climate change will put millions more people in Africa at risk of food and nutrition insecurity by 2050. Integrated assessments of food systems tend to be limited by either heavy reliance on models or a lack of information on food and nutrition security. Accordingly, we developed a novel integrated assessment framework that combines models with in-...
Preprint
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Introduction: Indiscriminate prescribing and using of antibiotics has led to the development of antimicrobial resistance (AMR). To reduce this problem, the World Health Organization (WHO) developed the ‘Access’, ‘Watch’, and ‘Reserve’ (AWaRe) classification of antibiotics that promotes antimicrobial stewardship (AMS). In Zambia, there are gaps in p...
Article
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Background Zambia has made profound strides in reducing both the incidence and prevalence of malaria followed by reducing malaria related deaths between 2009 and 2018. The number of partners providing malaria funding has significantly increased in the same period. The increasing number of partners and the subsequent reduction of the number of repor...
Article
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The responsibility for a society's economic development rests not only on po-licymakers. The general citizenries including university students have an imperative to enable economic growth. In today's competitive job market, many graduates face difficulties in securing a job after the completion of their studies. Thus, examining the significance and...
Article
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The construction industry needs to find cost-effective materials to enhance the properties of concrete. Cement and aggregate are the major constituents in concrete production. This has inevitably led to a continuous and increasing exploitation of natural materials to produce the constituents for concrete production. The result has been the depletio...
Article
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In the Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) retrieval algorithm, smoothness constraints on the imaginary part of the refractive index provide control of retrieved spectral dependence of aerosol absorption by preventing the inversion code from fitting the noise in optical measurements and thus avoiding unrealistic oscillations of retrievals with wavele...
Article
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Stunting is a global public health issue. We sought to train and evaluate machine learning (ML) classification algorithms on the Zambia Demographic Health Survey (ZDHS) dataset to predict stunting among children under the age of five in Zambia. We applied Logistic regression (LR), Random Forest (RF), SV classification (SVC), XG Boost (XgB) and Naïv...
Article
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Background Vaccination against the novel coronavirus is one of the most effective strategies for combating the global Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. However, vaccine hesitancy has emerged as a major obstacle in several regions of the world, including Africa. The objective of this rapid review was to summarize the literature on COVID-19 va...
Article
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Background The mental health and TB syndemic is a topic that remains under-researched with a significant gap in acknowledging and recognizing patient experiences, particularly in the sub-Saharan African region. In this qualitative study conducted in Zambia, we aimed to explore the lived mental health experiences of TB patients focusing on their mul...
Article
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In contrast to the dominant ‘vulnerability narrative’ applied to studies of gender, age, and other intersectional characteristics in determining differentiated impacts of climate change, there is growing attention to the agency and voices of young people in the context of their development futures in a changing climate. This paper draws on Feminist...
Article
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Adolescent rites are characterized by ceremonial legacies for admission of girls into adulthood. In Petauke District-Zambia, older females above adolescent age of 10-19 years break the traditional pattern by bending backwards to enrol in the cultural school in relatively older age. While limited studies have been conducted to find out the reasons b...
Article
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Background Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a frequent cause of death worldwide, and in sub-Saharan Africa particularly. Human immunodeficiency virus infection (HIV) and tuberculosis (TB) influence pathogen distribution in patients with CAP. Previous studies in sub-Saharan Africa have shown different frequencies of respiratory pathogens and an...