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In your opinion, what new provisions and declarations made at the UN Climate Summit COP27 in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, will prove fundamentally helpful for the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals, the development of international cooperation to solve global problems, in protecting the climate, biosphere and biodiversity of the planet?
Since Sunday 6.11.2022 in the Egyptian city of Sharm el-Sheikh for about 2 weeks, the United Nations Conference on Mainly Emerging Climate Change, i.e. the UN Climate Summit COP27, is underway, with lectures, debates and discussions on the question of what needs to be done to increase the scale of implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals, the development of international cooperation to solve global problems, to slow down the progressive process of global warming, to counteract the negative effects of this process, necessary to take decisions to protect the climate, biosphere and biodiversity of the planet. What needs to be done is obvious, as even the children of the Youth Climate Strike, which has finally been recognized by the UN and admitted to UN Climate Summits since COP27, know this. What needs to be done in terms of urgently and swiftly carrying out a green transformation of the energy sector to avoid or reduce the scale of the global climate catastrophe that may already occur at the end of this 21st century is already well known. Today we have a significantly different reality in terms of environmental and climate awareness in many different circles not only in the scientific community, but also in the media, parts of business, politics, etc. In the reality of the previous energy crisis, i.e. in the 1970s, emerging signals from the world of science informing and warning about the growing risks and threats to the future of the climate, the biosphere, biodiversity, future generations of people resulting from the progressive process of global warming were ignored and swept under the rug in the world of business and politics. As a result, at that time there was also a high scale of ignorance in the media world about the growing dangers of the greenhouse effect generated by increasing greenhouse gas emissions of civilization origin, mainly from the development of dirty combustion energy and ignoring the technological and financial possibilities of developing renewable and emission-free energy sources. Today, the level of pro-climate and pro-environmental awareness is much higher. On the other hand, half a century of time has already been lost, because so much earlier the processes of carrying out a pro-environmental and pro-climate transformation of the classic growth, brown, linear economy of excess to a sustainable, green, zero-carbon zero-growth and closed-loop economy could have been started Now we also know that the key issue is time, in fact, it is already very limited time to carry out a full green transformation of energy but also other pro-climate measures such as. stopping the process of forest deforestation, carrying out the transformation of the agricultural sector towards the development of sustainable organic farming, the development of hydrogen-fueled electromobility, etc. The lost time of the mid-century will not be made up, but there is an opportunity to save a significant part of the planet's biosphere and biodiversity, to slow down the progressive process of global warming, to reduce the scale, also for the next generations of people, of the negative effects of the global climate catastrophe, which, unfortunately, is already imminent, since already in the current 21st century may occur. Now we also know that much depends on the development of international cooperation, including economic and financial assistance from developed countries provided to the economically poorest countries to support the green economic transformation processes taking place in these countries and to mitigate the negative effects of climate change. At the previous UN Climate Summit COP26, a new and particularly important provision and declaration of many countries was the issue of stopping the deforestation of areas of natural forest ecosystems by the end of the current decade, i.e. by 2030. But we now know that waiting until 2030 to fulfill this kind of declaration is not a wise solution either, because in order for the strategic goal of green transformation to be achieved, the goal set during the 2015 Paris Agreement, i.e. limiting the increase in the average level of the atmosphere's temp. by max. 1.5 degrees C counting from the beginning of the first industrial revolution until the end of the 21st century, the mentioned green transformation of the economy globally would have to be achieved not by the end of 2050 but within the current decade. This means urgent and drastic paradigm shifts, new decisions made at the policy level, new green strategies and missions established by many companies, businesses, corporations, including especially those operating in the energy sector. An exceptionally large representation of companies, enterprises, corporations operating in the dirty combustion energy sector at the UN Climate Summit COP27 may prove to be a positive aspect. It will prove to be a positive aspect of this issue if indeed the era of ignorance is replaced by an era of real action to bring about the smooth implementation of a green, i.e. pro-climate, pro-environmental and thus pro-social transformation of the energy sector towards future generations of people. Green energy technologies are already available. For example, clean energy technologies generated from hydrogen power. A transitional solution may be the development of other renewable energy sources. The technology of clean energy generated from nuclear fusion needs to be refined and will also soon be achievable. Banks and other financial institutions are eager to finance the green transformation of the economy. The problem of global warming and its negative effects is a global problem. Therefore, it is necessary to increase international cooperation to increase the scale of support, synergy, simultaneity of the processes of pro-climate and pro-environmental transformation of the economy implemented in all countries. It is necessary to develop green financing of afforestation programs for civilizationally degraded areas and wastelands, since forests are an important factor in absorbing CO2 from the atmosphere. Countries characterized by a low level of economic development without external assistance alone are unable to efficiently and quickly make a green transformation of the economy, including, among other things. make the necessary changes in agriculture by changing the dominant crop production models so that this is done according to the model of sustainable organic agriculture production of crops as a source of food primarily for people, which is particularly important in the reality of increasingly frequent periods of drought and other negative effects of the progressive process of global warming, declining productivity in terms of the level of production of crops per hectare, the growing problem of hunger in the poorest countries and often already most burdened by the negative effects of climate change. We know what needs to be done, but we don't really know how to raise the issue of making the green transition a priority of global environmental and climate policy, and how to establish such a priority at the global level. The UN COP Climate Summits are trying to make this happen, but for the time being this is basically done only on the basis of non-committal declarations made by individual countries and, unfortunately, often not all countries, that something will be done about the green transformation of the economy over the next few years or a few decades. And unfortunately, time is short.
In view of the above, I address the following question to the esteemed community of researchers and scientists:
What, in your opinion, do you think the new provisions and declarations made at the UN Climate Summit COP27 in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, will prove fundamentally helpful for the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals, the development of international cooperation to solve global problems, in the protection of the climate, biosphere and biodiversity of the planet?
What is your opinion on this topic?
Please answer,
I invite everyone to join the discussion,
Thank you very much,
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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The urgency is calling. Action is must.
Anymore suffering and damages cannot be ignored.
Link below about Australia.
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We are doing a multi-year project to test the youth national basketball teams and talented players from basketball clubs. We are planning to test those players twice per year, creating the database, giving references for the selection of players, and designing an appropriate training plan. Could you please give your suggestions or ideas for what are the necessary/best tests to evaluate the anthropometric, physical fitness, skills, tactics, and recognition of basketball players?
Thank you!
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In regards to anthropometrics you could measure height, weight, body composition, upper/lower limbs length. You could also classify players by body type.
For physical fitness parameters I would suggest doing some tests on maximal strength, power, speed, muscular endurance, and cardiovascular endurance.
For skills, each player will be proficient in a particular skill according to their role on the court, make sure to account for that. You could probably create a set of basketball specific drills, maybe 3, highlighting dexterity with the ball, dribbling skills, and or shooting skills.
Regarding tactics, it will be important to evaluate players during one or more games, or even practice. You could look for in-game intelligence (assist, defense, rebounds, possess) spatial awareness, efficiency of movements.
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Africa has the youngest population and highest youth unemployment rates in the world. Every year, 11 million young people join the African labour market but the continent can only generate 3.7 million jobs.The agriculture sector has the potential to absorb the unemployed youth but generally farming is not attractive to the teeming youth especially the university graduates in terms of profitability compared to white-collar jobs.
How can we make agriculture attractive to increase youth participation?
Where should the focus be?
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Refer the follow FAO report. It consist some useful information about it.
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In Uganda, youth is a critical concern and a popular topic of debate. The Uganda National Bureau for Non-Governmental Organizations has 2154 recognized non-profit organizations (NGOs). As of July 4th, 2022, approximately 215 organizations registered out of 2154 deal with youth issues. Looking at the core youth space/center of talks, the youth continue to blame the government for their failures, and I would also want to point out that the youth have forgotten that they can also play a role in altering their life. What's going on over there?
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The Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE) recently released the unemployment status report of India for December 2021. According to the report, the unemployment rate in the country was 7.91% in December. It was 7% in November. The highest unemployment rates were reported in Haryana (34.1%), Rajasthan (24.1), Jharkhand (17.3%), Bihar (16%), and Jammu and Kashmir (15%).
On the other hand, states such as Karnataka (1.4%), Gujarat and Odisha (1.6%), Chhattisgarh (2.1%) reported the lowest unemployment rates in India. High unemployment rates can be attributed to a combination of delayed economic recovery, a surplus of labour, and a slow agricultural season.
Youth unemployment in India Post Covid-19 (indiatimes.com)
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This question is very important to develop a plan and strategy to confront the problem of unemployment that is increasing among young people in society In all countries of the world ?
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School curricula should take the needs of the job market into account. Therefore, it is extremely important that students build their capacity in job creation.
Thus, they should learn to be creative and innovative at early age.
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Dear all:
I am going to examine the psychometrics of a youth psychopathic measure in a sample of youth sexual offenders. Meanwhile, I am also interested in examining how youth psychopathic traits predict their sexual offense behavior (or risk of future sexual offenses). Due to several limitations, I can only use self-report measures. Does anyone know a self-report measure to assess youth sexual offenses? or the risks of future sexual offenses?
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(PDF) Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory-Short Version: A
Predicative properties: Please see articles on teenage brain development and criminal behaviour ( Crime traveller January 2022). The impulsivity likely to be demonstrated is in contradiction to predictable behaviour. And then there may be likely correlation between having been victimized and becoming a victimizer ...
Open AccessArticle
The Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory: Measurement Invariance and Psychometric Properties among Portuguese Youths 1by📷Pedro Pechorro1,*,📷Diana Ribeiro da Silva2,📷Henrik Andershed3,📷Daniel Rijo2📷 and📷Rui Abrunhosa Gonçalves1School of Psychology, University of Minho, Campus de Gualtar, Braga 4710-057, Portugal2Research Unit of the Cognitive-Behavioral Research and Intervention Center, Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences, University of Coimbra, Rua do Colégio Novo, Coimbra 3001-802, Portugal3School of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Örebro University, Örebro 70182, Sweden*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.Academic Editor: Matt DeLisiInt. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(9), 852; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph13090852Received: 27 May 2016 / Revised: 5 August 2016 / Accepted: 22 August 2016 / Published: 26 August 2016(This article belongs to the Special Issue Youth Psychology and Crime)Download PDF Citation ExportAbstract
The aim of the present study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory (YPI) among a mixed-gender sample of 782 Portuguese youth (M = 15.87 years; SD = 1.72), in a school context. Confirmatory factor analysis revealed the expected three-factor first-order structure. Cross-gender measurement invariance and cross-sample measurement invariance using a forensic sample of institutionalized males were also confirmed. The Portuguese version of the YPI demonstrated generally adequate psychometric properties of internal consistency, mean inter-item correlation, convergent validity, discriminant validity, and criterion-related validity of statistically significant associations with conduct disorder symptoms, alcohol abuse, drug use, and unprotected sex. In terms of known-groups validity, males scored higher than females, and males from the school sample scored lower than institutionalized males. The use of the YPI among the Portuguese male and female youth population is psychometrically justified, and it can be a useful measure to identify adolescents with high levels of psychopathic traits.Keywords: adolescents; assessment; psychopathic traits; validation1. Introduction The construct of psychopathy is characterized by a set of affective, interpersonal, and behavioral deviant features [1,2]. Psychopathy is considered a relevant variable for forensic purposes, because it seems to be associated with the most early, severe, and stable forms of antisocial behavior [3,4,5,6]. Being a high risk condition concerning criminal recidivism, that tends to get worse and become less responsive to treatment with age, several authors argue that it is crucial to invest in early screening and intervention efforts [7,8,9,10,11,12,13]. Concordantly, the interest in child/adolescent psychopathy has vastly increased over the past decades [14]. Moreover, despite some criticisms [15,16] the more recent edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) [17] added the “with limited prosocial emotions” specifier for conduct disorder. This specifier includes features often identified as psychopathic traits, specifically callous-unemotional ones [17].The Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory (YPI) [18] is one of the available self-report screening measures to assess psychopathic traits in youth. The YPI has the advantage of assessing the psychopathic personality constellation cost-effectively using a self-report format while minimizing the possibility of deceitful answers (e.g., social desirability, response distortion) because its items were designed in an indirect and subtle way that would lead people with psychopathic traits to see them as positive or admirable [18]. Another advantage is the intended lack of items that directly tap behavioral problems or criminal conduct, since several authors argue that antisocial behavior is a product and not an inherent trait of psychopathy [1,19].The YPI [18] was designed taking into account historical conceptualizations of psychopathy [2,20], assessing 10 core personality traits associated with the construct (grandiosity, lying, manipulation, callousness, unemotionality, impulsivity, irresponsibility, dishonest charm, remorselessness, and thrill seeking). These 10 subscales (with 5 items each) were grouped into three high-order factors, similar to the proposal of Cooke and Michie [1]: Callous-Unemotional (affective dimension: callousness, unemotionality, and remorselessness), Grandiose-Manipulative (interpersonal dimension: dishonest charm, grandiosity, lying, and manipulation), and Impulsive-Irresponsible (behavioral dimension: impulsivity, thrill-seeking, and irresponsibility) [18].Though designed to assess psychopathic traits in youth community samples, the YPI has proven to be a good measure when it is used in forensic settings as well, maintaining its psychometric properties [21]. In the original study, Andershed and colleagues [18] used a large sample of Swedish community adolescents to assess the psychometric proprieties of the YPI. Confirmatory factor analysis supported a model with three factors: Callous-Unemotional, Grandiose-Manipulative, and Impulsive-Irresponsible [18]. Several studies reported the same three-factor structure for the YPI, either in community [22,23,24,25,26] and/or in institutionalized/forensic samples of youth [25,27,28,29,30,31]. This three-factor model has also proved to perform similarly well for boys and girls [18,22,23,25,32]. Alternatively, Pihet, Suter, Meylan, and Schmid [33] recently decided to test different models and proposed a bifactor model for the YPI, i.e., a model that simultaneously includes the total score and the three-factor scale scores.Measurement invariance is an essential prerequisite for trustful comparisons and valid interpretations across groups, avoiding inference problems or biased/invalid conclusions [34,35]. In other words, when comparing different groups (based on age, gender, cultural background, community/clinical/forensic, etc.), it is crucial that researchers can assure that the measure assesses the same psychological construct in all groups [34,35]. Until now, only one study tested and confirmed measurement invariance of a bifactor model of the YPI (composed of the three factors’ scores and of the total score, i.e., a fourth, general factor, on which all observed variables load) across age, gender, and community vs. institutionalized samples [33]. Additionally, measurement invariance of the three-factor structure of the YPI across different ethnic groups (Dutch vs. Moroccan background) of detained male adolescents [31] was also confirmed.The internal consistency of the YPI has been a controversial issue either with community, clinical, or forensic samples. Most studies reported a good to excellent reliability for the total score and for the Grandiose-Manipulative and Impulsive-Irresponsible factors [18,25,27,28,30,31,32,33,36]. However, there are some divergences regarding the Callous-Unemotional factor. Namely, for this factor, some authors found a poor reliability [33,36] while others found an acceptable to good reliability [23,25,26,27,31,33,37]. Reliability concerns are mainly related to Callousness, Unemotionality, Remorselessness, Thrill Seeking, Impulsiveness, and Irresponsibility subscales [30,32,33]. Particularly, Cronbach alphas have been found to be quite consistently low for the Callousness subscale across several studies [18,22,25,30,32,36].The YPI has proven to be positively related to other measures assessing psychopathic traits, namely the Antisocial Process Screening Device (APSD-SR) [26,28,30,32,38,39], the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits (ICU) [40,41,42], and even the Psychopathy Checklist: Youth Version (PCL:YV) [27,37,43,44]. Moreover, the YPI has proven to be positively linked to aggression [25,31] and, specifically, to proactive (but not reactive) aggression [26]. Externalizing psychopathology, conduct problems, risky behaviors, delinquency, criminal behavior [18,22,24,29,30,31,32], alcohol/drug abuse [23,30], and unprotected sex [30] were also positively associated with the YPI. Though the YPI has not been studied in relation to empathy measures, some studies have reported negative associations between psychopathic traits, especially callous-unemotional traits, (assessed through other measures, such as the APSD) and affective empathy [45]. Besides, the callous/lack of empathy is one of the diagnostic criteria for the “with limited prosocial emotions” specifier for conduct disorder in the DSM-5 [17]. Discriminant validity of the YPI with social anxiety has also shown mostly nonsignificant correlations [30].Regarding gender differences, some studies reported that, generally, boys scored significantly higher than girls in all three factors of the YPI [18,22]. Moreover, comparing a male community sample of youth with a forensic sample of male young offenders, the forensic sample scored higher in the YPI and its factors [25]. However, we must state that only Pihet and colleagues’ [33] study previously tested measurement invariance of the YPI. In this study, the authors [33] found significantly higher scores in boys than in girls, as well as in institutionalized adolescents in comparison to community ones.The YPI has been translated and psychometrically validated among an array of youth samples from different cultures and languages [18,23,30,31,36,37]. Despite this fact, the psychometric properties of the YPI have not been assessed in large, geographically diverse samples of male and female Portuguese youth while simultaneously testing for measurement invariance across gender (male vs. female) and sample type (forensic male vs. school male sample). Thus, the main goal of the present study was to validate a Portuguese version of the YPI, exploring the multidimensional structure of the psychopathy construct among male and female youth. It was predicted that: (1) the three-factor structure of the YPI would be replicated and would demonstrate measurement invariance across gender and sample type; (2) the YPI would show, in general, acceptable to good internal consistency values, as measured by the alpha and omega coefficients; (3) the YPI would show convergent validity with existing measures of psychopathic traits and aggression, and discriminant validity with measures of social anxiety and empathy; (4) the YPI scores would be positively associated with criterion-related variables such as conduct disorder symptoms, alcohol abuse, drug use, and unprotected sex; and (5) males would report more psychopathic traits than females, and males from the school sample would report fewer psychopathic traits than male young offenders. 2. Materials and Methods 2.1. Participants The current sample was recruited from public schools of the Lisbon, Algarve, and Coimbra regions managed by the Portuguese Ministry of Education. A sample of 782 participants (M = 15.87 years; SD = 1.72 years; range = 12–20 years), subdivided into males (n = 371; M = 15.97 years; SD = 1.70 years; range = 12–20 years) and females (n = 411; M = 15.77 years; SD = 1.73 years; range = 12–20 years), agreed to voluntarily participate in the study. The participants were mostly white Europeans (89.5%). No differences were found between males and females from the school sample regarding age (F = 2.64 (1, 780); p = 0.105; ηp2 = 0.003) nor years of education (F = 1.70 (1, 765); p = 0.193; ηp2 = 0.193). Significant difference was found between the males from the school sample and the males from the forensic sample regarding age (F = 31.92 (1, 590); p ≤ 0.001; ηp2 = 0.051) and years of education (F = 448.95 (1, 578); p ≤ 0.001; ηp2 = 0.437), with the males from the forensic sample being older and having fewer years of education.Sample type measurement invariance was examined using a previously collected forensic sample of male youth from the Portuguese juvenile detention centers managed by the Portuguese Ministry of Justice [30]. Participants in this sample included 221 male youth (M = 16.75 years; SD = 1.41 years; age range = 13–20 years). Most of them were white Europeans (54.3%), but the sample also included black Africans (20.5%), mixed race South-Americans (18.6%), and other ethnic minorities (6.8%). Most of them (87.6%) were convicted of having committed serious and/or violent crimes (e.g., robbery, assault, rape). 2.2. Measures The Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory (YPI) [18] is a 50-item self-report measure designed to assess the core personality traits of the psychopathic personality constellation in youth aged 12 years old and up. Each item is scored on an ordinal 4-point Likert scale (1 = Does not apply at all, to 4 = Applies very well). The YPI was designed in line with Cooke and Michie’s [1] three-dimensional conceptualization of the psychopathy construct, namely the Grandiose-Manipulative, Callous-Unemotional, and Impulsive-Irresponsible dimensions. Higher scores reflect an increased presence of psychopathic traits. Internal consistency based on Cronbach’s alpha has previously been reported as 0.84 for Grandiose-Manipulative, 0.74 for Callous-Unemotional, 0.78 for Impulsive-Irresponsible, and 0.88 for the YPI total [18]. The official Portuguese version of the YPI [30] was used.The Antisocial Process Screening Device (APSD) [38] Self-Report version (APSD-SR) [46] is a multidimensional 20-item measure designed to assess psychopathic traits in adolescents modeled after the Hare Psychopathy Checklist-Revised [2]. Each item is anchored on a 3-point ordinal scale (0 = Never, 1 = Sometimes, 2 = Often). The APSD-SR has been used with preadolescents and adolescents aged 11–18 years old. Scores are calculated by reverse-scoring the appropriate reversed items and then summing the items to obtain the total score and the factors scores. This scale has three main factors: Callous-Unemotional, Narcissism, and Impulsivity. Higher scores are indicative of an increased presence of psychopathic traits. Internal consistency has previously been reported as 0.50–0.61 for Callous-Unemotional, 0.56–0.63 for Narcissism, 0.64–0.68 for Impulsivity, and 0.78–0.81 for the total APSD-SR [47]. The Portuguese version of the APSD-SR [48] was used to analyze the convergent validity with the YPI because it is presently the most used self-report measure of psychopathic traits among youths [39,48]. The internal consistencies in the current study, estimated by Cronbach’s alphas, were: APSD-SR Total = 0.77; Callous-Unemotional dimension = 0.56; Impulsivity = 0.55; and Narcissism = 0.70.The Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits (ICU) [40,41] is a 24-item self-report scale designed to assess Callous-Unemotional traits in youth derived from the Callous-Unemotional (CU) subscale of the Antisocial Process Screening Device [38]. Each item is scored on a 4-point scale (ranging from 0 = Not at all true, to 3 = Definitely true). Scores are calculated by reverse-scoring the appropriate items and then summing the items to obtain the total score and the factors scores. Using confirmatory factor analysis, it was possible to identify three independent factors, namely: Callousness, Unemotional, and Uncaring, with all items also loading onto a general Callous-Unemotional factor (bifactor model). Higher scores indicate an increased presence of CU traits. Internal consistency based on Cronbach’s alpha has previously been reported as 0.70 for Callousness, 0.64 for Unemotional, 0.73 for Uncaring, and 0.77 for the ICU total [40]. The Portuguese version of the ICU [42] was used to analyze the convergent validity with the YPI because several researchers have highlighted the importance of the core affective components of psychopathy referred to as CU traits among youths [40,41]. The internal consistencies in the current study estimated by Cronbach’s alphas were: ICU total = 0.88; Callousness dimension = 0.79; Uncaring dimension = 0.84; and Unemotional dimension = 0.87.The Reactive–Proactive Aggression Questionnaire (RPQ) [49] is a 23-item self-report measure that distinguishes between reactive and proactive aggression and is appropriate for use with youth and young adults. Each item is rated on a 3-point ordinal scale (0 = Never, 1 = Sometimes, and 2 = Often). Summed scores provide a measure of reactive or proactive aggression as well as total aggression. Confirmatory factor analysis identified two factors: Reactive Aggression and Proactive Aggression. Higher scores indicate higher levels of aggression. Internal consistency for adolescents has previously been reported as 0.86 for Proactive Aggression, 0.84 for Reactive Aggression, and 0.90 for Total Aggression [49]. The Portuguese version of the RPQ [50] was used to analyze the convergent validity with the YPI because the psychopathy construct identifies particularly aggressive and violent individuals [49,50]. Internal consistencies in the present study, estimated by Cronbach’s alphas, were: RPQ total = 0.85; Reactive dimension = 0.78; and Proactive dimension = 0.82.The Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents (SAS-A) [51] is a 22-item self-report scale designed to assess subjective experience of social anxiety in adolescents between the ages of 13 and 18 years. Four of the items are fillers and therefore are not taken into account in calculating the final score. Each item is rated on a 5-point ordinal scale (ranging from 0 = Not at all to 4 = All the time). Confirmatory factor analysis identified three factors: Fear of Negative Evaluation (FNE), Social Avoidance and Distress-New (SAD-New), and Social Avoidance and Distress-General (SAD-General). Higher scores indicate higher levels of social anxiety. Internal consistency based on Cronbach’s alpha has previously been reported as 0.91 for FNE, 0.83 for SAD-New, and 0.76 for SAD-General [51]. The Portuguese version of the SAS-A [52] was used to analyze the discriminant validity with the YPI because of its good psychometric properties and the fact that social anxiety generally does not overlap with the psychopathy construct [51,52]. Internal consistencies in the present study, estimated by Cronbach’s alpha, were: SAS-A Total = 0.92; FNE = 0.92; SAD-New = 0.88; and SAD-General = 0.84.The Basic Empathy Scale (BES) [53] is a 20-item self-report measure designed to assess empathy in youth. The BES was developed as a concise and coherent scale with the aim of measuring two distinct factors: Affective Empathy and Cognitive Empathy. Each item is scored on a 5-point ordinal scale (from 1 = Strongly disagree to 5 = Strongly agree). The BES has been used with preadolescents and adolescents aged 9–18 years old. Scores are calculated by reverse-scoring the positively worded items and then summing the items to obtain the total score and the factors scores. Higher scores indicate an increased presence of empathic characteristics. The BES was validated among Portuguese youth samples, both from community [54] and forensic settings [55]. The Portuguese validation of the BES [55] was used to analyze the discriminant validity with the YPI because the extension of psychopathy to youths has highlighted the core affective components of this disorder and, given that low empathy is a core feature of the construct, it would be expected to correlate negatively with empathy [53]. The internal consistencies in the current study, estimated by Cronbach’s alphas, were: BES total = 0.92; Affective dimension = 0.89; and Cognitive dimension = 0.93.A conduct disorder (CD) scale was also created based on the 15 items used to assess CD [56]. The 15 dichotomous items (coded 0 = No; 1 = Yes) were summated to obtain a total continuous score. Thus, higher scores indicate a higher number of positively endorsed indicators of CD. Based on the Kuder–Richardson coefficient (i.e., alpha for dichotomous items) the internal consistency of the CD scale was adequate (0.77).A questionnaire was constructed to describe the sociodemographic characteristics of the participants. This questionnaire included variables such as participants’ age, nationality, ethnic group, and highest level of schooling completed. Some questions regarding alcohol abuse, drug use, and unprotected sex (i.e., sex without using condoms) during the last year were also included (coded as 5-point ordinal variables from 0 = Almost never/Never to 4 = Almost always/Always). 2.3. Procedures Authorization to validate the YPI among Portuguese youth was obtained from the first author of the inventory [18]. The original translation of the YPI into the European Portuguese language commonly spoken in Portugal by adolescents and young adults was previously conducted [30]. During the translation and retroversion of the YPI, appropriate procedures (e.g., avoiding item bias or differential item functioning) were followed. The questionnaire was then independently back-translated into English. The original and the back-translated items were compared for nonequivalence of meaning and items were revised when any discrepancies in meaning were detected until no semantic differences were identified between the English version and the Portuguese version.Authorization to assess youth in the school context was obtained from the General Directorate of Education of the Portuguese Ministry of Education (DGE–ME). All subjects gave their informed consent for inclusion before they participated in the study. The study was conducted in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki, and the protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of the DGE-ME (Code: 0338400001). Parental permission was obtained for all underage children and informed consent was obtained from participants who were 18 years of age or older. The participants—students from randomly selected public schools of the Lisbon, Algarve, and Coimbra regions—were informed about the nature of the study and asked to voluntarily participate. Not all young people agreed or were able to participate; reasons for this included refusal to participate, inability to participate due to not understanding the Portuguese language, and self-reported reading difficulties. Participants who were unwilling or unable to collaborate were excluded, so the final number of participants included in the present study was 782, with a participation rate of approximately 87%. The measures were administered in an appropriate classroom group setting using a paper–pencil method for collecting the data. The forensic sample of male youth originated from the Portuguese juvenile detention centers managed by the Portuguese Ministry of Justice, with the measures being administered by means of individual face-to-face interviews in an appropriate setting (for more details see the previous study by Pechorro and colleagues [30]). 2.4. Data Analysis The data were analyzed using SPSS v23 (IBM Corp., New York, NY, USA) [57] and EQS 6.2 (Multivariate Software Inc., Encino, CA, USA). The factor structure was assessed with confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) performed in EQS 6.2 [58] with the robust estimation methods. Goodness-of-fit indices were calculated including Satorra–Bentler chi-square/degrees of freedom (S-Bχ2(df)), comparative fit index (CFI), incremental fit index (IFI), and root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA). A chi-square/degrees of freedom value <5 is considered acceptable, a value ≤2 is considered good, and a valued of 1 considered very good [59,60]. A CFI ≥ 0.90 and RMSEA ≤ 0.08 indicate adequate fit, whereas a CFI ≥ 0.95 and RMSEA ≤ 0.06 indicate good model fit. The incremental fit index, also known as Bollen’s IFI, is relatively insensitive to sample size where values ≥ 0.90 are considered acceptable.The CFA was performed on the subscale scores, not on the items per se, using the same methodology as Andershed et al. [18], and only standardized loadings above 0.30 were retained. Modification indexes were considered to check for any suggestion that model modification would significantly improve the measurement model. Correlation matrixes were used together with robust methodologies to perform the CFA because they provide a more accurate estimate [61]. Measurement invariance was evaluated and the S-Bχ2 difference test was used to determine if the constraints significantly deteriorated the model [62]. A Microsoft Excel spreadsheet provided by Bryant and Satorra [63] was used to perform this difference test. Cronbach’s alpha (α) and omega (ω) coefficients (considered satisfactory if above 0.70), mean inter-item correlations (MIIC; considered good if within the 0.15–0.50 range), and corrected item-total correlation ranges (CITCR; considered adequate if above 0.20) were used to assess reliability [64,65]. The omega coefficient was used in the present research because it is currently considered a better estimator of reliability than alpha [66]. Pearson correlations were used to analyze associations between scale variables, and Spearman correlations were used to analyze associations between ordinal variables and scale variables [67]. Correlations were considered low if below 0.20, moderate if between 0.20 and 0.50, and high if above 0.50. 3. Results Our first step in examining the psychometric properties of the YPI among the current school sample was to replicate the three-factor first-order structure proposed for this instrument by means of CFA. The following goodness-of-fit indices were obtained: male sample S-Bχ2/df = 3.57, IFI = 0.98, CFI = 0.98, RMSEA = 0.08 (0.07–0.10); female sample S-Bχ2/df = 3.48, IFI = 0.98, CFI = 0.98, RMSEA = 0.08 (0.06–0.09); and total sample S-Bχ2/df = 4.41, IFI = 0.99, CFI = 0.99, RMSEA = 0.07 (0.06–0.08). Based on these appropriate goodness-of-fit indices we found support for the three-factor first-order model [59,60]. We report the loadings for the three-factor first-order inter-correlated model in Table 1 for the male sample, female sample, and the combined total sample of male and female youth. All loadings were above 0.30 and, therefore, none were removed from the model. It is worth pointing out that the Callousness subscale obtained the lowest loading.Table 1. Loadings for the confirmatory three-factor inter-correlated robust structure of the YPI.📷The next step was to test for measurement invariance across gender (males vs. females from the school sample) and sample type (male school sample vs. male forensic sample) using the three-factor model. We compared the configural model (no constraints included) directly with the model where factor loadings and covariances are equally constrained across groups (i.e., strong or scalar invariance) on the assumption that if strong measurement invariance holds, then weak (i.e., metric) invariance also holds. We were able to find support in terms of goodness-of-fit indices (see Table 2). The ΔS-Bχ2(df) values were nonsignificant in the comparison of the nested models regarding strong invariance (factor loadings and factor covariances constrained). The ΔCFI between the models was below the 0.01 cutoff. This suggests that the constraints specified do hold and leads us to assume that the models do share equivalence across gender and sample type [61].Table 2. Tests for invariance of the YPI goodness-of-fit statistics.📷Table 3 presents the Pearson correlations between the YPI total and its dimensions among the male sample, the female sample, and the total combined sample. As expected, mostly positive high correlations emerged.Table 3. Pearson correlation matrix for the YPI and its dimensions.📷Table 4 displays the alphas, omegas, mean inter-item correlations, and corrected item-total correlation range for the YPI among the males, females, and the combined sample. The total YPI scale and its dimensions showed good internal consistency based on alpha and omega coefficients (above the recommended cutoff value of 0.70), mean inter-item correlations (within the recommended value range of 0.15–0.50, although sometimes exceeding it), and corrected item-total correlations (above 0.20). However, some subscales, especially the ones composing the CU dimension (e.g., Callousness), showed low Cronbach’s alpha and omega coefficients, low mean inter-item correlations, or low corrected item-total correlation ranges.Table 4. Cronbach’s alpha and omega coefficients, mean inter-item correlations, and corrected item-total correlations range for the YPI and its dimensions and subscales.📷Table 5 presents the correlations between the YPI and other psychometric measures and variables for the male sample, the female sample, and the total combined sample. The convergent validity of the YPI total and its dimensions with the APSD-SR, ICU, and RPQ revealed mostly moderate and high statistically significant positive correlations. The discriminant validity with the SAS-A and BES in large part revealed the expected negative or nonsignificant correlations. Table 5 also presents the correlations with CD symptoms, alcohol abuse, drug abuse, and unprotected sex. As can be seen in the table, the YPI and its dimensions showed positive statistically significant correlations with all of these behaviors that were low to moderate in terms of magnitude.Table 5. Correlations of the YPI total and its dimensions with other measures and variables📷In terms of known-groups validity, a comparison of the male and female participants from the school sample revealed that the males scored significantly higher than the females, and that males from the school sample scored significantly lower than the males from the forensic sample on the YPI and its dimensions (see Table 6).Table 6. Descriptive statistics and ANOVAs for the YPI and its dimensions.📷 4. Discussion The aim of the present study was to assess the psychometric properties of the YPI among Portuguese male and female youth from a community sample, while also testing for measurement invariance with a previously collected forensic sample [30]. The results obtained in this study using confirmatory factor analysis showed, like previous research [18,25], that the three-factor first-order model achieved an adequate fit across the three samples, namely, male, female, and total sample. The results were quite similar to the ones obtained by Pechorro and colleagues [30] in a study analyzing the YPI and the YPI-S using a forensic sample of Portuguese male young offenders, although this previously conducted study obtained slightly better results in terms of the fit indexes than the present community sample study.Through structural equation modeling [61], the YPI showed strong measurement invariance across gender and sample type (school vs. forensic), indicating that observed scores are related to the latent scores. This suggests that the models do share some equivalence across these groups, which in turn allows for unbiased group mean comparisons [34,35,62]. This is consistent with Pihet and colleagues’ [33] study, which also revealed that the YPI is invariant across gender and sample type (community vs. institutionalized). It is important to mention that this is the first study testing for the measuring invariance of the YPI in Portuguese youths.As expected based on previous studies [18,26,33], the associations between the YPI total and its dimensions among the male, female, and total samples showed positive high or moderate (just between the Callous-Unemotional dimension and the Impulsive-Irresponsible dimension across the three samples) statistically significant associations. These results were somewhat better than the ones previously obtained among Portuguese youths [30] that found moderate correlations (i.e., below 0.50) between the Callous-Unemotional dimension and the Impulsive-Irresponsible dimension, and between the Impulsive-Irresponsible dimension and the Grandiose-Manipulative dimension.Measures of internal consistency for the YPI across the three samples suggested good reliability of the YPI, its dimensions, and the majority of its subscales [68], which is in line with previous studies [18,25,27,28,30,31,32,33,36]. However, like some previous research [32,36], the Callous-Unemotional dimension among the male sample showed a somewhat low Cronbach’s alpha, i.e., lower than other reported values [23,25,26,27,31,33,37]. The Callousness and the Unemotionality subscales of the Callous-Unemotional dimension and the Irresponsibility subscale of the Impulsive-Irresponsible dimension always obtained low values in terms of Cronbach’s alpha and omega coefficients across all samples. It is worth mentioning that this is the first study on the YPI, that we are aware of, using the omega coefficient, which by some is considered a better estimator of reliability than Cronbach’s alpha [66].These results are not surprising since previous research has pointed out the same concerns within these subscales [18,22,25,30,32,33,36,44]. These results put into question the reliability of these subscales since only a small portion of the variance is attributable to them. Particularly, the Callousness subscale, as in other studies [23,28,37], reached unacceptable internal consistency values in the female and male sample. This subscale also presented low values in terms of mean inter-item/subscale correlation, and corrected item/subscale–total correlation range, suggesting a lack of homogeneity among its items. Given that the low values of the Callousness and the Unemotionality subscales of the Callous-Unemotional dimension and the Irresponsibility subscale of the Impulsive-Irresponsible dimension are not exclusive to the present study, it is possible that they are linked to particular concerns of the YPI rather than to translations or sample issues. Thus, it is conceivable that some items of these subscales need to be revised, in particular the items that are reversed, because they generally show quite low inter-item correlations. In line with this, it is interesting to notice that the Callousness subscale (the one that has presented more problems across studies), composed of five items, has all three reversed items of the YPI, which per se encompasses some limitations, including reliability issues [69,70,71].It is noteworthy that the difficulties in assessing the affective dimension of psychopathy are not exclusive of the YPI [21], suggesting that these traits might be particularly difficult to capture. Adults and youths with high psychopathic traits tend to have a profound lack of self-insight. For example, even if they have a pronounced lack of empathy, they might affirmatively respond to questions such as “Are you a warm-hearted person?” because they generally do not see themselves as cold-hearted. This lack of self-insight poses a clear obstacle to getting valid responses to self-report items concerning some of the core psychopathic traits [18]. Despite that, the inclusion of Callous-Unemotional traits in the DSM-5 [17] as a specifier for conduct disorder, makes it a priority to: (1) improve the internal consistency of screening measures of those traits; (2) further ascertain its validity despite low internal consistency; and/or (3) create new accurate items to capture Callous-Unemotional traits [33].The convergent validity of the YPI and its dimensions across the three samples with the APSD-SR, ICU, and RPQ revealed mostly positive moderate to high statistically significant correlations, consistent with what was expected based on previous research [26,28,30,32,39]. The associations between the BES and the affective dimension of the YPI revealed the expectable negative moderate correlations, once the affective dimension of psychopathy is, among others, characterized by a callous predisposition and a lack of empathy [9,17,45]. The discriminant validity with the SAS-A mostly revealed the expected negative or null nonsignificant correlations [30,55], due to being non-overlapping constructs [68,72]. These results were similar to the ones previously obtained by Pechorro and colleagues [30] among Portuguese youths, although this previous study did not use the RPQ and BES to assess convergent and discriminant validity, respectively.The criterion-related validity of the YPI and its dimensions with conduct disorder symptoms [17] scored as a scale revealed moderate associations, in agreement with previous studies [18,22,24,29,30,31,32]. The highest associations were with the Grandiose-Manipulative dimension among males and total sample, and with Callous-Unemotional dimension among females. The correlations of the YPI and its dimensions across the three samples with alcohol abuse and cannabis use showed positive moderate and low statistically significant associations, consistent with previous research showing the associations between psychopathic traits and the use of these illicit substances among youth [23,30]. In terms of the correlations with the unprotected sex variable (i.e., sex without using condoms), positive low statistically significant associations were found mostly among the male sample and the total sample. Some of these outcomes (particularly the positive, though low, associations between unprotected sex and the total score and the Impulsive-Irresponsible factor of the YPI) has also been found in Pechorro and colleagues’ study [30]. Regarding the female sample, only the Impulsive-Irresponsible dimension showed a statistically significant association with this risky sexual behavior. It was interesting to find that the sizes of the correlation effect were not substantially different for many of the criteria, suggesting the possibility that the factors for many behaviors were not very discriminating, and that the YPI total score is just as useful because it is capturing the higher order construct of psychopathy.The comparisons of male and female youth from the school sample revealed that males obtained significantly higher scores on the YPI and its dimensions. Furthermore, when comparing males from the school sample with males from the forensic sample, the results showed that young offenders obtained higher scores on the YPI total score and its dimensions. This is also consistent with Pihet and colleagues’ [33] study, which obtained similar results.However, some limitations of this research must be mentioned. First, due to the cross-sectional nature of the study, some psychometric properties could not be evaluated (e.g., test–retest reliability). Thus, longitudinal research is needed in order to assess test–retest reliability of the YPI. A second limitation has to do with reliance on a single method for measuring the constructs (i.e., self-report), which could have resulted in high correlations due to method overlap. Future research should draw upon multiple methods in order to avoid this limitation. Another limitation was related with the use of parceling (using subscale scores rather than raw items) in factor analyses. Parceling is a psychometric technique used in the original YPI, and replicated in the present study, that unfortunately does not justify the assumption of unidimensionality. Finally, because our study was performed in a community sample, cross-validations using other samples of adolescents (e.g., clinical samples) are necessary to confirm that the results generalize to other populations. Though not particularly related to this study, for the reasons mentioned above, it would be of importance to revise some items of the YPI, specifically those related to the affective dimension, and mainly the reversed ones. 5. Conclusions This was the first study investigating the psychometric properties of the YPI among a large, geographically diverse community sample of male and female Portuguese youth, while simultaneously testing for measurement invariance across gender and sample type, and reporting a more appropriate reliability coefficient. The results indicate that the YPI can be considered a useful instrument in assessing the psychopathy construct among adolescents using a self-report format. However, some caution is advised since the Portuguese validation of this promising instrument is still ongoing. We hope that our study may guide future research and practical use of the YPI with youth in Portugal and in Portuguese-speaking countries. Although the YPI was originally developed to be a tool to be used in research studies, rather than in real clinical or practical settings, it may be useful in real clinical settings as well. However, existing studies on the YPI have exclusively been based on samples recruited within research studies. Thus, to date, it is still not known how the YPI would function in real practical settings. Studies investigating this are therefore clearly needed. How to study psychopathic personality in children?
An alternative strategy for examining psychopathic personality is studying configurations of traits by applying person-oriented analyses (De Fruyt & De Clercq, 2014), thereby assigning participants to mutually exclusive groups. An increasing number of studies among children (e. g., Frick et al., 2000), adolescents.
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Looking for evidence that this has broader reaching causal effects on the economy.
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High unemployment indicates the economy is operating below full capacity and is inefficient; this will lead to lower output and incomes. The unemployed are also unable to purchase as many goods, so will contribute to lower spending and lower output. A rise in unemployment can cause a negative multiplier effect.
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Is there a place for qualitative single case reports in the field of criminology? I have in depth information about a particular youth whose delinquent behavior and the events and factors that precipitated it are highly illustrative of theoretical arguments from the fields of public health, psychology, and criminology. I feel like single case reports could be useful, but don't know the platform or medium through which it would be the most appropriate to present and tie to the broader theoretical and practical literature.
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i appreciate your interest in criminology . you can find in my paper ( Female Adolescents’ Crimes in Jordan ) .good data about adolescent crime )
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I am seeking recommendations of strategies or examples of media education interventions to support youth media literacy in area of critical comprehension of online content and skills to collaboratively investigate and address civic/public issues.
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Hi Tao, your question takes on a new, greater meaning because of current events - war in Europe.
The digital media of the network society differ fundamentally from the media of the traditional industrial society. The leitmotif for an understanding of media that has been changing, especially since the turn of the millennium, is situated-adpative media use: electronic, digital, and social media can be used at any time, in any place, and in any mode. In the network society, however, people no longer act as mere consumers, but also as producers of media content of a textual, auditory and/or visual nature, which is often (co-)shared. Increasingly, individuals are thus advancing to become prosumers with their own media cultures, resulting in prosumer cultures.
The change to a knowledge-based network society therefore requires in part completely new and different skills than in the late industrial society: the structures and processes of the network society are primarily enabled by education and knowledge as well as by media and social participation. A positively perceived present and an optimistically expected future therefore depend decisively on whether and to what extent it is possible to accompany all people equally on their way into the complex, contradictory network society and to create democratic opportunities for participation. Media competence is therefore considered a core skill for political and democratic judgment and action.
One promising approach is the 'digital citizenship' concept. It points to the close interconnection of political, civic education and media education for a democracy that by definition depends on the participation of all citizens. However, international research findings suggest that social lines of difference (age, gender, social and ethnic origin, physical abilities) influence whether individuals are able to acquire the skills necessary to participate in the digitally shaped world and to act as prosumers.
In order to ensure educational and equal opportunities in a European community shaped by digital media and technologies and to strengthen the cohesion of a Europe of human rights, it is necessary to investigate which conditions contribute to strengthening children and young people in the process of subjectification as prosumers and to impart appropriate media skills to them. We base our understanding of media literacy on the results of the European Audiovisual Observatory's analysis of 'Practices and Measures to Promote Media Literacy in the EU-28' and the EU's 'Digital Competence Framework for Citizens'.
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I am doing a systematic review of research regarding a (relatively newly developed) psychological intervention for youth, but all of the current studies are at a pilot/feasibility stage. They do all report pre and post effects (the different studies vary wildly in their statistical methods, measurements, study design some case design studies, some open trial etc).
I am wondering if anyone has any experience or know about other systematic reviews of such emerging clinical intervention research, I am not sure how to present the studies in a clear and concise manner (as I said meta-analysis is not possible because of sample sizes and other issues).
I am particularly wondering how to present effect sizes, I feel it would be too chaotic to go through each study and explain each one (there are 9 studies). I would really like to have some way to easily present them, perhaps in a table or graphically, but the heterogeneity of the populations (in terms of the diagnosis) might make this problematic.
Any ideas would be appreciated.
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The line between a case series, a pilot study and the actual study is difficult to define (the authors give different names to their articles) and for the systematic review you have to define the inclusion criteria yourself. If you decide to carry out a systematic review of the cases, treat each case from each report separately. If you are reviewing studies by other authors, start by compiling them in a table - this will help you find common domains for their synthesis. You will start with the fact that each study has a number of participants, some intervention, some results - try to specify these domains as much as possible. It may happen that the criteria of your review will be met by 3 studies and their results cannot be compared - such a review may also be valuable for science: it indicates poor quality of the research, the need for more, etc. This is not a failure of the review, that the researchers have not yet have published corresponding studies.
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Could you please help me develop a research question?
I am interested in the vulnerability of youth to terrorist recruitment in Sub Saharan Africa and how effective is youth de-radicalization. I am also considering exploring the role of transnational movements (notably ISIS) in fostering radicalization in the region. I would like to do a PhD thesis on the topic but I find it hard to develop a research question.
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To solve a problem you have identified and wants to decipher.
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Dear Sir/Madam,
We are researchers from Rajiv Gandhi National Institute of Youth Development (RGNIYD), Sriperumbudur, (Institution under the Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports, Government of India) inviting you to participate in a study on Positive Youth Development.
As part of the research, we are conducting focus group discussions with youth (15-25) who are in their high school/college/university level education and among middle-aged adults (40-65) who are dealing with young people in their professional positions such as school/college teacher/youth worker/skills trainer/juvenile social worker/counselor, etc., who lives in India.
If you are coming under the above criteria and interested in sharing your views on the developmental assets/features/ characteristics that are required by youth to become healthy, well-adapted, and successful adults. You may give your consent by filling out the form for further communication. Thanking you in advance. https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSd9eM4h-rsExK3fErcKu6G-IYefULB7tHSTIXNSJtn87xRqmQ/viewform?usp=sf_link
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India's young population is its most valuable asset and most pressing challenge. It provides India with a unique demographic advantage.
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There seems to be an increasing number of MSc or PhD studies by young students with little tunnelling or TBM experience. They compare numerous established prognosis methods, and regrettably make unintended mistakes, coming up with order-of-magnitude errors on AR and PR, maybe far beyond world records or practical possibilities. Since a consistent 5 to 6m/hr PR will exceed most conveyor capacities, why is there no reaction (from somewhere along the chain of responsibility) when the students find 20 to 30m/hr (or even larger) in their estimates? Who is responsible? Student, professor (likely a co-author), or journal reviewers and editors? A point of some importance is that the young students are likely reviewing established empirical methods now also used by others, and developed when those concerned had considerable TBM experience, so knew very well if they (the originators) were in any way justified in publishing in the first place. It should be clear that originator's reputations as perhaps reliable consultants are being ignored by the students and professors who are convinced of the validity of their studies. How can we eliminate these unfortunate publications before their gross PR and AR calculation errors are widely spread? Is there no self-doubt anymore, just youthful over-confidence, and regrettably sleeping reviewers without necessary experience.?
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Thanks for the comprehensive answers that I tend to agree with but without your wider experience from other fields too. We have to hope that the '99% noise' possibility is less than this - otherwise a sad future for those aiming for 'the 1%'. Hope you were exaggerating a bit - but a clear message to all. One solution: get the professors out into the practicing world, at least for stipulated periods that should differ from paper/book producing sabbaticals? Six months in industry every three or five years? 50% university salary/50% industry in these periods to stimulate industrial uptake and the personal need for this employment? Maybe such is happening in some places. The adjunct prof positions of professionals at intervals (three in my case) is also useful for all - hopefully. Should it be more often there too?
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I am seeking best practices on providing students in our charter school (ages 17-24) means by which they can be successful in completing their high school credits.
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Does any of you examine correlations between the profile of interests, between the environment of raising children and youth and the type of social networking site and the thematic profile of websites, types of social media sites, their specific thematic subpages?
In my opinion, this may be interesting research. It is worth exploring correlations between the profile of interests, between the environment of bringing up children and youth and the type of social networking site and the thematic profile of websites, types of social media websites, their specific thematic subpages. In this respect, there may be strong correlations that are worth investigating scientifically. Interesting may also be correlations between the development of children's and teenagers 'interests and the websites of social media portals viewed and certain types of thematic and group websites focusing on particular Internet users' environments.
Do you agree with me on the above matter?
In the context of the above issues, I am asking you the following question:
Does any of you examine correlations between the profile of interests, between the environment of raising children and youth and the type of social networking site and the thematic profile of websites, types of social media sites, their specific thematic subpages?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
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In recent years, the dynamic development of popular social media portals, which a significant part of children and adolescents browse every day on smartphones, has a significant impact on the profile of interests of children and adolescents. Recently, there is more and more data suggesting the negative impact of frequent browsing of popular social media portals by children and adolescents. In publications and media reports, there are theses about the correlation between the above issue and algorithms promoting specific posts and comments posted on such popular social media portals as Facebook, Instagram, Tweeter, TikTok, etc.
What's your opinion on this topic?
I invite everyone to the discussion,
Thank you very much,
Best regards, Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Hello everyone. I hope all of us get well during the pandemic.
I have conducted an analysis using binary logisitc regression to investigate the intersection between gender (male, female) and official language efficiency (English, French, both English and French) with the outcome: youth's sense of belonging. However, I am unsure of two considerations that needed your comments.
First, I found a significant contribution of the intersection between gender and official language efficiency with the outcome (e.g. youth' sense of belonging). Male, speaking English as the reference group. However, the results showed no significant differences among the variable's levels. In such a case, is it fine if we still report it as a significant result?
Second, in the same situation, I found nonsignificant contributions to the entire intersection (visible minority status intersecting official language efficiency) with the outcome. However, I found a significant difference among it level. For example, compared to youth not experiencing visible minority status speaking English (the reference group), youth with visibility status speaking French are more likely to have a strong sense of belonging. In this case, is it appropriate to report it?
Thank you very much,
Quan
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Thanks a lot for good information
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I am a master's student in Japan.
My study focuses on the youth unemployment rate in Sri Lanka.
I want to analyze the impact of the employment promotion policies of the Sri Lankan government and ILO in the labor market on the youth unemployment rate in Sri Lanka.
I want to use DD & RDD analysis as an analytical method for this purpose.
Which papers should I read to conduct the above kind of analysis?
I also would like to know if there are any papers on DD & RDD analysis that I should read.
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A rgression discontunity design(RDD) is equuasi_ expermintal pretest_posttest design that aims to determine the causal effects of interventions by assigning a cutoff or threshold above or below which an intervention assigned. Two most common approachs to estimate using an RDD are non_ parametric and parametric ( normally polnormaial regression). Mor detailed illustrated in the attsched ref:
https://en.mwikipedin.org.>wiki
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Can you tell me "what are the different clinical stages of Mental Health among young boys. " Related to anxiety or depression...If so can you plz tell me those stages.
E. G
Stage 1
(a)
(b)
(C)
Stage(2)
Stage (3)
Stage (4)
Stage (5)
Stage(6)
----++++--
What are the characteristics of these stages?
How as a clinical practitioner do you define these characteristics.?
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As already indicated, the STAGES, according to the Natural History of both psychoptologies, would be AND IT IS unethical and antimoral to see how they appear and evolve WITHOUT INTERVENING IN THEM !; But the LEVELS or DEGREES or STAGES of SEVERITY are universally categorized or hierarchical, from less to more, as: a) ABSENT, b) MILD, c) MODERATE and d) SERIOUS -which is how they are hierarchized, for example, the BDI -Beck Depression Inventory- and BAI -Beck Anxiety Inventory-
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we have see the kids and youth have complete;ly indulged in using phones all day long and have no physical activities/relationships/ outdoor social life, so i guess there should be an imposition of time limit.
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based on time and situation i use the mobile and Sunday one day i not use more
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Does anyone know of semi-structure brief interviews for youth? Specifically ones that are related to stressful events and ones that are related to pleasant events.
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La entrevista semi estructurada el investigador lleva una guía de preguntas relacionadas a un tema y puede agregar otras q surjan a partir de la aplicación de la entrevista en la práctica. Es muy útil para los investigadores. Es muy importante realizar la relatoría y de ser posible grabar la entrevista para no perder información.
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All answe are welcome
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We can save our new genaration by effective education.
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Why do they have those strong affiliations towards their ethnic background rather than in places where they study, work, or resides?
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I support the answer from Atefeh. The identity research has shown that identification is a multidimensional concept and quite a lot of research has been conducted on the influences upon various aspects of identity affiliation. See for example:
  • Syed , M. , Azmitia , M. , & Phinney , J. S. ( 2007 ). Stability and change in ethnic identity among Latino emerging adults in two contexts . Identity: An International Journal of Theory and Research , 7 , 155 – 178 .
  • Umaña-Taylor , A. J. ( 2004 ). Ethnic identity and self-esteem: Examining the role of social context . Journal of Adolescence , 27 , 139 – 146 .
  • Peck, S. C., Brodish, A. B., Malanchuk, O., Banerjee, M., & Eccles, J. S. (2014). Racial/ethnic socialization and identity development in Black families: The role of parent and youth reports. Developmental Psychology, 50(7), 1897–1909.
I hope this is helpful.
Keith
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"THIS IS AN ABSOLUTELY SCIENTIFIC QUESTION"
I personally have two strategies, I give lectures aimed at Children and Young people and I make these lectures available (presentations) for other people to use in other places in world, translating into their own languages, trying to use more images than text.
Tell us what your strategies are, share with RG so that we can have more researchers and that Childrens and Youth people can see that it is a "nice" option to be a researcher and contribute to the development of humanity!
Source links of my documents, there are 7 (seven) documents (Childrens and Young People) within section called Presentations. Hope they can be helpful.
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Dear Dr. Filipe Wiltgen ,
I probably haven't expressed my thoughts well.
The presentations are excellent but can also be accompanied by a video on a certain topic and by chemical / physical practical exercises that must be simple, spectacular and not dangerous but able to arouse the attention and curiosity of the audience on that topic. what it is ... for example, turning copper into silver and silver into gold has always been a dream ...
In this experiment, students will modify the surface of the one, two and five euro cent coins that are made of copper, through a series of chemical reactions. The reactions that will take place on the surface will lead to a change in color.
The color variation, a macroscopic modification, will be related to the microscopic modifications of the composition and structure of the materials that are formed, as well as to their final use.
In all this the researcher, if he knows how to transform himself into an alchemist, can achieve good success ...
My best regards, Pierluigi Traverso.
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In a mental ability test of tribal youth of 18 yrs age, the mean and standard deviation were found to be 105 and 12 respectively. If a sample of 100 were drawn from the population, What is the deviation of the sample mean from the population mean at p ≤ 0.01?
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Do you mean what score bracket would capture 99% of the distribution? If the distribution is normal, then 2.575 SD captures 99% of the population. So 2.575 * 12 = 31.
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I am working on a paper on unemployment on psychological health of youth. Please in what order can input the following predictors variables using age as the control variable?
Perseverance
Irrational behaviour
Low self esteem
Depression and
Suicidal ideation
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It probably depends on your hypotheses and your design. I'd look at inter correlations between them, to see if multicollinearity might become a problem, but in the end theory and predictions should dictate the order.
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Especially for Adolescents and youth. Dismantling studies that review specific treatment components would also be helpful!
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In the specific case of children and adolescents, an excellent investigation is: Meta-analysis on the Efficacy of Psychotherapy and Pharmacotherapy in Childhood and Juvenile Depression by R. García-Sánchez, P. Prieto and J. I. Capafons. UNIVERSIDAD DE LA LAGUNA (April 2019) https://www.fundacionanaed.es/index.php/interesa-t/articulos-de-interes/89-articulos-de-interes/487-metaanalisis-depresion-infantojuvenil; (on this website you can find more publications about it)
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Research has long been evaluated from a scientific quality lens. The technology transfer and associated aspects lens for economic impacts is also in youth. Emergence is in the field of societal impacts. Which is the best journal to publish such work done from a engineering perspective.
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From your research, practice and experience - what are the key barriers and enablers that youth entrepreneurs experience?
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In my opinion, an important factor in the development of youth entrepreneurship is the effective development of school and academic business incubators, which should support young people in establishing and running startups. Poorly developed entrepreneurship incubators that do not cooperate with local and regional enterprises, companies, financial and public institutions can also be a barrier to the development of youth entrepreneurship. In addition, too extensive and complicated procedures and formalities, official matters, formal documents required for setting up and running a business may be a serious barrier. The key barriers include the tax system that is not conducive to the development of entrepreneurship and the high level of costs related to the necessity to pay contributions to the public social insurance fund. In addition, expensive loans and no government guarantees, no offer of loans for young people on preferential terms, etc. A significant barrier may also be the low level of digitization and Internetisation of public institutions and offices, where entrepreneurs deal with various official matters and make the necessary tax and para-tax financial transfers transferred to public institutions of the tax system and the social security system. The issue of digitization and Internetisation of offices and public institutions turned out to be particularly important during the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic. The digitization and internetization of offices and public institutions is also related to the development of electronic internet banking, the offer of which is addressed, inter alia, to to economic entities of the SME sector. Poorly developed internet banking offer for enterprises and / or underdeveloped cybersecurity techniques and instruments may also be significant barriers to entrepreneurship development.
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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I need some help in locating different theories that explicitly distinguish between how a person perceives her-/himself and how others see that person. Of course, Social Identity Theory refers to something quite similar to this as the ingroupoutgroup distinction. Côté and Levine1 talk about the person's subjective experience of his/her identities versus the objective identities as defined by others who observe that person.
  • Are there any other theories that distinguish between internal and external perspectives/aspects of identity?
  • Any info or comments on this distinction would be most welcome.
Thanks.
1Identity formation, agency, and culture: a social psychological synthesis (2002): p. 134
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Thanks Keith Brownlee. Yes, it is helpful. What I like about this paper is its focus on social identity in different contexts and group situations. As far as I’m concerned, this allows for a bit more analytic variety, but without deviating too much from more traditional social identity perspectives. That said, I still feel that social identity theory and the notions of ingroup and outgroup are a bit restrictive for my own research. Hence, I developed a simple internal–external distinction, which merely suggests that some represent an internal perspective, which indicates that some individuals or a group possess epistemic privilege (e.g., have access to their own experiences and thoughts: Keith Brownlee has direct experience of what it is like to be a university lecturer), and some represent an external perspective, whose standpoint can only be observational, analytic or based on others’ thoughts and experiences. Both perspectives may be heterogeneous (e.g., just because we both [Keith and Julius] share the identity of being university lecturers, doesn’t mean that we share the same professional experience, ideas about academia or any allegiance).
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the SRD played an imperative role in being a pro-poor policy in SA communities. however, the methods used by SASSA have been seen to have negative effects given the long congested lines there. moreover, some people have been unable to receive these funds which no one knows the explanation for. the unemployed youth have benefited a lot but how is their future impacted by this?
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THERE ARE SEVERAL ON LINE VEDIO IN ORDER TO TACKLE THE PROLEM
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  1. What actions can the below stakeholders take to influence research and education to achieve the Great Transition?
  2. What actions can the below stakeholders take to influence policy changes to achieve the Great Transition?
  3. What actions can the below stakeholders take to influence the private sector to achieve the Great Transition?
  4. What actions can the below stakeholders take to influence the public to achieve the Great Transition?
In your answers, please be specific to which stakeholders you are referring to.
The list of stakeholders include:
  1. Agriculture Sector
  2. Artists, Poets, Writers, Musicians
  3. Businesses
  4. Economists
  5. Funders
  6. Governments
  7. Health Practitioners
  8. Health Sector
  9. International Organizations
  10. Jurist and Lawmakers
  11. Media
  12. Researchers
  13. Spiritual leaders of all faiths
  14. Technology Professionals
  15. Universities and other Educational Institutions
  16. Youth representatives
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Although it is the responsibility of everyone of use, we are unfortunately not at the same level of understanding across the cross section. It is in this regard that researchers are an edge better than normal humans. There are many aspects that the common persons do not understand and that is the reason why we need educationists to educate them on the implications in terms that they could understand easily. At the same time, researchers could find solutions to many new issues that crop up during the course due to many reasons. This is evident by the current younger generation who understand environment much better than we (senior citizens) at that age.
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I have an interest in this area and I am looking to read some of the latest research on youth and active risky play.
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Interesting subject
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This question is related to the Global citizenship education (GCE):
How are researchers and educators conceptually redefining GCE in the learning environment of national higher education institutions (HEIs), educating youth on globalization and global challenges, and harmonizing the concepts and perceptions of national and global citizenship?
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Interesing
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I work with middle school youth in an after school program in NY and I am interested in analyzing the impact of mental health challenges pre pandemic vs in the midst of the pandemic and the correlating factors. For those reading, have you realized any differences working with youth ages 8-13 compared to previous years? What are patterns and themes coming up for you in your practice? Any findings you have, please post below! Thank you in advance!
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I am no expert, but I have 3 kids age 9 to 15 and it was quite hard for them to be locked at home for 9 months. I had to try to use all the creatives means possible to keep them active and less bored. I would really like to hear what others have to say.
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It is seen that violence and crime among young people has increased during pandemic, what can be done to desist youth from doing this.
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Thanks all for your valuable inputs.
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My study is on the gender difference in character strength of Indian young adults. My second objective is to find the most prevalent character strength in Indian young adults. Which statistical analysis should I use to find it?
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If your measures are continuous and roughly normally distributed, you could use a MANOVA, followed by post hoc tests. Gender would be the independent variable, and the different characters the dependent measures. Knowing what your character strength measures are would allow a more precise answer, since I might be misunderstanding your design.
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We have to meet with different young people. These are new colleagues and students, etc. For simplicity, let's call them "children." The question does not concern professional qualities. Each person should have a certain supply of “good manners" allowing them to communicate with elders. In some societies, this happens almost automatically, since young people are brought up according to certain standards, but sometimes there are individuals who demonstrate a familiar attitude toward elders. Moreover, young people do not always find the right communication model, or accept the existing one in the group. What do you do if they communicate with you "incorrectly", or vice versa too "ceremoniously"?
I recall the expression of the Russian poet Khodasevich, who wrote about his youth: "I over rude for ones, and over bowed to anothers ..."
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interesting in your good question
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Does anyone know where I can access the Youth Perceptions of Relationship Quality (YPRQ) survey tool. Also, has it been validated?
Thanks
Lorraine
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I think you should contact Charles Izzo at Cornel's Bronfenbrenner Lab. See this article, in which his research team seems to report on the instrument as something they've newly developed: https://rccp.cornell.edu/_assets/Izzo%20et%20al_2020_Children%20and%20Youth%20Services%20Review_Improving%20relationship%20quality%20in%20group%20care%20settings.pdf
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I want to compare cross-cultural differences in attention ability in youth. Please suggest suitable tools or measures for capturing the cross-cultural difference in the attention ability among the youth.
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Thank you so much for your answer.
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I am writing my dissertation, about adults who trained at elite status in their youth, i am constructing a questionnaire with the goal of seeing, how many sustained injury, how many sustained long-term injury, whether they followed a injury-prevention measure and at what time this was introduced and also if there was any effect on those who sustained injuries and their physical and psychological wellbeing/health.
Just wondering if anyone had done anything similar or could offer any help, many thanks
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Dear Yvonne, Rose
As you are developing a questionnaire, Bayo Olushola Omoyiola has also pointed you in the right direction. The problem statement and research objectives are identified. You did mention that you are constructing a questionnaire. http://www.fao.org/3/w3241e/w3241e05.htm provides extensive insight on questionnaire design which would be helpful.
A well-designed questionnaire should also meet the research objectives. The BRUSO model (Perterson, 2000) provides a rough guideline for writing questionnaire items. Acronym, BRUSO stands for “brief,” “relevant,” “unambiguous,” “specific,” and “objective.” (Source: Peterson, R. A. (2000). Constructing effective questionnaires. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage).
What types of questions do you need to cover? - open-ended questions or closed-ended questions, nominal questions, "Yes" or "No" questions", and as correctly mentioned above by Peter Samuels you may consider Likert scale questions. Each of these types has its own strengths and limitations.
might also be a useful source for you.
All the best in your dissertation.
Cheers
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A youth football coach referred to me that a player needs to make 3000-6000 decisions during a 90-min football match, while an adult only needs to make 1000-3000 decisions per day at work. I am not sure about these numbers. Could anyone provide any references?
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many decisions
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Many of the adolescents attending the STI clinics and youth friendly centres opt for the HIVST but they usually fail to disclose their results. Can you share your experience of our optimal disclosure has been obtained from adolescents using HIVST. Thank you
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Sorry, our research didn't use kitt. We only Dig about the experiences of people who have been exposed to HIV
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what Barriers to Employment for Youth with autism spectrum disorder? From your point of view
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From my own experience of being an individual who has a brother with severe autism, and being around the special needs community all my life, I have noticed a lack of understanding from those who can be labeled as "typical". Due to the lack of knowledge, understanding, and empathy for those on the spectrum, employment is shortened for those on the spectrum -- youth included. It is disappointing -- the lack of curiosity from people in job fields to try and accommodate, and adapt to a point where they can offer jobs that correlate with how much or little someone on the spectrum may be able to handle.
My brother on the spectrum is highly intelligent, and was even able to work at a hardware store through his day program weekly. He enjoyed it, and it was something that his 1 on 1 provider said he was excited to do each week he arrived. Props and a large thank you to the company of Ace Hardware for training their employees to be inclusive of ALL individuals!
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In applied sociology where the sampling is 18-21 year old unaccompanied youth; The model is ethnography guest housing; Method is mixed qualitative and quantitative; Dual purposes of minimal intervention for resilient youth, and to develop measures for more accurate counting and predicting behaviors of youth with no where to go and no one to turn to. In other words for business purposes, Is it better to primarily approach nonprofit action from a social or science perspective?
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Thank you Pathak Abhijit. Contrast and comparison between control groups and subjects are important for identifying what works and does not work for youth to assimilate as self sufficient citizens and why.
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Unfortunately our youth is very desperate about developing muscles (biceps,abdominal packs) leading to ex tensor muscle pain/spasm , shoulder muscle tearing due to poor muscle conditioning and lack of knowledge of recruiting right muscles appropriately.Early weight lifting regime is hazardous to health
In my view knowledge of age appropriate exercise regime should be given at school level .
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I think the root of this problem is due to unconscious staffing in fitness centers. The trainers in this center leave a lot of young people under the wrong influence by taking the wrong steps in directing many young people without having sufficient and significant scientific knowledge.
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it is my team project and I am so confused. the team said we are going to use quantitative method for this part of our research project
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Try checking out the methodology of previous published work and make sure you have adequate statistical advice before getting started
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For youth, as for everyone else, life here and now is important and urgent. It is not easy to be continuously motivated for preparing for an unknown future. Motivational energy seems to be closely linked with needs, interests, wishes, passions and dreams. The stronger powers also seen to be connected to what is close, relevant and meaningful for each individual. How can we further develop schools that to a greater degree tap into forces of possible growth?
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Hi Kjartan, Sorry, this reply may have been too late already. I saw your question just now. I have been working in the area of youth and agricultural development. There are many publications in my page if you are interested. The short answer from me in the area of youth and agriculture is to ensure that the context is mapped out first. It is also important that young people should be asked as to how they would like to be involved and the direction in which they would like to be mentored. In our work, we have seen high involvement of young people in school activities that responded to the issues that they raised, i.e. in the area of youth and agriculture.
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Recently youth, age 16-19 in upper secondary schools in Norway, were asked what were their preferred medium was for taking notes and for reading. They surprised us. The majority answered that they preferred paper and pencil for notes and paper books for reading. What medium do the students at your university prefer for taking notes and reading?
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Despite which media they choose, the important point is to keep the information. This is because "The bane of knowledge is forgetfulness".
Personally, I prefer pens, pencils, and paper. I feel that there is a memory in our hands.
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Dear colleagues! I would like to clarify for myself, when you use the ICF to assess the rehabilitation potential of a child, do you use the ICF for adults or use the ICF for children and youth version? I am asking this question because I heard that the version for children and youths was canceled. How true is this information?
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Achilds Potential depends a lot on his immediate environment, family ecology /strength and his/her motivation. Body structure in termas of fixed contractures also plays a part.
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Education is on standstill, The youths are protesting for their rights to live (#EndSARS, #EndPoliceBrutality, #EndTheKillings, #......), Universities are closed because of poor funding by the government, many things are awfully wrong in the country. So, how long will it take for the United Nation or European Union (if possible) to intervene in the activities of any nation that is under siege?
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What kind of intervention do you expect?
Nothing contained in the UN Charter authorize the United Nations to intervene in matters which are essentially within the domestic jurisdiction of any state. If Nigeria wants to close its Universities I do think that is within its jurisdiction.
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People especially the youth is using the social media platforms for various purposes and they have got addiction. They login frequently and can't stay away from their gadgets. Does this type of behaviour can have mental issues among them?
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The aim is to get acquainted with the field and conduct a literature review. While South East Asia (and particularly India) are of most relevance but I want to learn the main theories in the field of youth sociology. I've been coming across a lot of work from geography but need guidance re work from sociology discipline at the moment. Appreciate your help!
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The early writings on "Youth Sociology" focused on the dangers related to the repercussions of class, culture, and production methods adopted by the State, until it turned today towards influential youth groups and the role of youth in the development of local societies. Among the most prominent writers in this field are:
1- Christine Barrett
2- Steven Roberts
3- Catherine Waite
4- David Hickman
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Happiness is to feel happy and get known all around you without losing health,money or family ,its ,when approching the age of 70 and above ,here is the ghost of sickness ,despair and lose of energy to see ,hear and make active life and sex,So many points can help to keep young,
here are some suggestions:
  1. Move your body every day (but don't push it too hard) ...
  2. Surround yourself with youthful people. ...
  3. Always use natural skincare products. ...
  4. Exercise your mind constantly. ...
  5. Stay active in your community. ...
  6. Cleanse and moisturize your skin every night.
  7. so my question is how to do to be as young as possible at 80 and above?
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Never stop learning and loving; our life is about developing our full and creative human potential and to expand our consciousness towards our creator, ongoing creation and other creatures. Create your holy place in this world, do not run after material desires, but care for your basic needs. Tareq Alasadi All your points are very helpful, to my understanding of gerontology, but the most vital and erotic potency is our energetic ability to love, i.e. not to submit to the negativities of hate, pain and suffering, despite experienced hardships in life.
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From reading recent papers in the field of child maltreatment (Jackson et al., 2019; Gabrielli & Jackson, 2019; Brumley et al., 2019; Rivera et al., 2018) I have the sense that researchers are pushing to complexify the way we measure maltreatment with newly available techniques. Since the price of computational power is becoming cheaper, advanced methods like CFAs or SEMS and LCAs are more accessible to researchers without an advanced background in statistics. While increasing the statistical rigor to best operationalize maltreatment may be necessary, how can that translate into clinical settings? I ask because my experience in the clinical setting is limited and I'd like to know what methods clinicians use most frequently. Do they typically sum the number of adverse childhood experiences? Are they able to use information like creating classes of individuals (e.g., a child experienced only physical abuse which provides valuable information that distinguishes that child from someone who experienced physical and sexual abuse)?
I hope such a conversation will be interesting to researchers and clinicians alike.
Brumley, L. D., Brumley, B. P., & Jaffee, S. R. (2019). Comparing cumulative index and factor analytic approaches to measuring maltreatment in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health. Child Abuse & Neglect, 87, 65–76. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2018.08.014
Gabrielli, J., & Jackson, Y. (2019). Innovative methodological and statistical approaches to the study of child maltreatment: Introduction. Child Abuse & Neglect, 87, 1–4. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2018.12.001
Jackson, Y., McGuire, A., Tunno, A. M., & Makanui, P. K. (2019). A reasonably large review of operationalization in child maltreatment research: Assessment approaches and sources of information in youth samples. Child Abuse & Neglect, 87, 5–17. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2018.09.016
Rivera, P. M., Fincham, F. D., & Bray, B. C. (2018). Latent Classes of Maltreatment: A Systematic Review and Critique. Child Maltreatment, 23(1), 3–24. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077559517728125
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Yes we have mandatory reporting laws. Our paper shows that mandatory reporting laws do not alleviate the moral stress but at least theoretically you know what to do.
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I am looking for information to help youth with trauma after school shootings. Primarily, I am seeking information on how to help youth at different schools who were not directly involved but, nevertheless, experienced trauma.
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Natascha, this is an important topic worth investigating as it seems to be happening more often than anticipated and desired. You may find the following works of interest to pursue further:
Lindgren, S. (2012). Collective coping through networked narratives: YouTube responses to the Virginia Tech shooting. In School shootings: Mediatized violence in a global age. Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
Jordan, K. (2003). A trauma and recovery model for victims and their families after a catastrophic school shooting: Focusing on behavioral, cognitive, and psychological effects and needs. Brief Treatment & Crisis Intervention, 3(4).
Turunen, T., & Punamäki, R. L. (2014). Psychosocial support for trauma-affected students after school shootings in Finland. Violence and victims, 29(3), 476-491.
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With everyone having their own struggle and a different definition of being 'stressed'. Does problems of 23 years old smaller than that of 46 years?
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The uniqueness of depression is that the base of depression, on the basis of which depression occurs, is present in 99% of the population. 99% of the population are susceptible to depression, since the cause of depression is a violation of certain physiological processes in the human body, which of course are common to all people (all people in the body have the same physiological processes). Therefore, at 10, 20 or 40 years, depression is one and the same basic disorder, which can manifest itself in different ways due to different stresses at different ages (stresses are triggers of depression at any age).
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The monstrous problem of drug substance abuse prevalent among youths is a major concern. My submission is 'how our universities can help in curbing this common cause'
Your views are solicited.
Thanks
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University should aware student about it and should make strict rules.
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I am conducting a qualitative research on smoking among youths in rural Appalachia. How do I incorporate the theory of planned behavior in developing open ended questions?
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This paper by Ajzen (the founder of the TPB) provides a guide with examples of questions to construct a TPB-based questionnaire.
Good luck Joy Okoro
Ajzen, I. (2002). Constructing a TPB questionnaire: Conceptual and methodological considerations. Retrieved from https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/0574/b20bd58130dd5a961f1a2db10fd1fcbae95d.pdf?_ga=2.32273206.949905743.1582934700-299135995.1582934700
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I want to examine the relationship of various physical qualities (jump height, change of direction, linear sprint, etc.) on agility performance. Because I am interested in the combined effect of these qualities, I am led to believe that multiple regression is the correct approach to take.
I am also interested in evaluating how the relationships of these physical qualities change across age/maturity (my sample is youth soccer players aged 10-17yrs). For example, linear speed may contribute most at younger ages, but become less important as the athletes get older/more mature.
Would this be entering age/maturity as a covariate, or is there another way to examine this question?
Thanks in advance for any advice/guidance here!
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Thank you Prof. D. Booth sir. In that case, there will single group of respondents or two group of respondents in Restrospective study sir?
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  1. If you have experience of combining the above-mentioned two approaches, how did it go? Did their purposes contradict each other?
  2. Did you introduce the research participants to certain features of NVivo?
  3. Given PAR's focus on participant involvement in knowledge making, how did the coding process (thematic analysis) transpire in NVivo?
  4. NVivo can assist in some impressive visual ways of managing and presenting the findings, were these research features downplayed in order to engage participants as co-researchers?
My thematic analysis and research, more broadly, have benefitted from using NVivo (qualitative data analysis software). But, I also find it increasingly necessary to use an approach to research that emphasises participation of communities—in particularly youth, in the case of my area of research—through PAR.The use of NVivo, however, can be extremely technical and a painstaking affair, as well as sometimes a solitary one. To me, this seems to be at odds with the collaborative nature of involving community stakeholders and research participants in the research process.Since I have never tried to combine (youth-led) PAR with managing qualitative data using NVivo (or similar software), I thought I should seek answers to the four aforementioned questions.
Any help would be greatly appreciated and please add further questions if this topic piques your interest, as this list is far from exhaustive.
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I am not sure, whether you can call NVivo an "approach". The role(s) of a software package, like NVivo, essentially depend(s) on the settings and goals of the research as well as the skills of the user. On the other hand, any software package contains certain model(s) of research embedded in it. From this perspective, a software tool could not be neutral.
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Dear Friends and Colleagues
We the International Inspiration Economy Project is carrying global research on the perceptions of youth and how they foresight the future now during the crisis of COVID-19?
(this would be followed by another research hopefully in about 6 months from the end of the COVID-19 crisis)
We appreciate your cooperation is filling and sharing the following questionnaire to all the targeted youth within your circle. Your support is highly appreciated. The results of this research would be shared globally within the month of April 2020.
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Let me share out to others
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Dear fellow researchers ;
A friend of mine is currently investigating how he can bring local youths with various psycho-social issues together by music. More specifically : he's aiming to see if local houses for youth can be used to encourage them to make hip hop, rap or other music.
This to encourage them to get off the streets, stay away from drugs, bad peers etc.
I'm looking for your very valued opinions on this topics and I am definitely interested in any research concerning this topic.
Best regards
Bert
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I want to express my opinion, but this opinion will be very different from the usual view. In my understanding, the development of music has stopped and has long been in a great crisis. Well, see for yourself. When did the first conservatories appear? They began to appear in the second half of the 19th century, however, by the end of the 19th century, all classical music was practically composed, and musicians as performers performed from the beginning of the 20th century to the present day the repertoire of previous centuries from the time of Bach. It is believed that atonal music killed classical music and new compositions are miserable similarities to atonal music. For example, some well-known musicians as performers try to compose music, but their cospositions do not inspire and leave only miserable impression. Firstly, in their compositions the concept of “melody” is practically absent, it simply does not exist. Secondly, there is no improvisation. All that remains is a pile of sounds, devoid of any logic. Therefore, musicians perform mainly the old repertoire, which has passed the test of time and the performance of this repertoire guarantees success. One famous pianist, Nikolai Lugansky, once said the phrase "At my concerts in Europe, I see people in the hall who are mostly over 60 years old." This is a very sad fact. Now I want to state the main reason from my point of view. There is a huge difference between passive listening to music as a musical background and active listening to music as your own performance. This difference is huge. It is believed that children with disabilities, such as autists, do not perceive music as just passive listening, but they begin to understand music when their fingers come in contact with a musical instrument for playing music, such as a piano. At the same time, their behavior changes dramatically when their fingers extract music from the instrument. Modern education is trying to prepare more people as consumers than creators. This also applies to music. Now we see tens of millions of musicians as performers, and practically do not see composers, there are no new composers at all, or practically none. From my point of view, a good understanding of music can only come through the stage of their own performance of this music. The more people will play music, the better they will begin to understand this music. I just want to express my belief that even any lively performance of classical music can give a million times more emotions than just passive listening to this music, even in the performance of ingenious musicians. From this point of view, I foresee a situation where pianists like Nikolai Lugansky will perform classical music in empty halls.
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How to make them more interested, dynamic, proactive and inquisitive?
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Insert more & more Queries about the student likes !
To solve this query they should be taught to search ---------Research methods .
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I have recently done a research on spectrophotometric analysis of iron in selected vegetarian food items and done poster presentation International Youth Conference on Science, Technology and Innovation organised by NAST (Nepal Academy of Science and Technology), Ministry of Education and National Youth Council of Nepal on 21st October 2019. Now, I want my paper to get published. So, kindly help me out this.
Regards,
Ankit BK, Bsc Chemistry
Prithivi Narayan Campus (TU, Nepal)
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1. Look for a journal you want to submit your manuscript to and determine if your study fits aim & scope of the journal.
2. Read the instruction provided by the journal carefully.
3. Follow the format required by the journal.
4. Submit into the journal.
For your field of interest, there are a couple of Elsevier food journals you may want to look into, such as Food Chemistry, Food Research International, LWT, etc.
Hope this helps.
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What methodology would be appropriate to conduct a research on the impact created by Sathi Sanga Man ka Kura on the field of Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR) and/or Social and Behavioral Change (SBC) among youths of Nepal?
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My understanding of case control studies is that they work backwards from an outcome. Instead, what I recommend would start with two groups that were separated by exposure, and then assess differences in outcomes.
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For a period of 24 months, i have been part of a team that have conducted a citizen science environmental project in our community. From this project we have learned valuable lessons that can help programming of environmental projects in a manner that is not only inclusive but also exciting for youth and young scientists in similar communities across Sub-Saharan Africa. While with my colleagues, we are planning to document and share our observations, we would like to get a picture of publishing options that might be available to us. If you have any information that can help us to address our concerns, please let us know.
Patrick
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Well, it depends on your interests. If you are thinking peer reviewed there are some journals that don't have page charges. And there certainly are ways to publish solid citizen science data in such outlets. But there are also other opportunities. Personally I started writing essays a few years back and some of them have data tucked in. Better than not having to pay, some papers will pay you. Here's an example with a little preliminary data that I would not otherwise have followed up on: https://northernwoodlands.org/outside_story/article/duckweed-migration
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Dear Sir / Madam, I would ask you to fill a questionnaire, which is completely anonymous and will not take much time. The questionnaire was prepared with the aim of gathering answers about youth travel motivation for
staying in the cities of the Republic of Serbia. Your answers will only be used for scientific purposes. Thank you in advance for your time.
Link of questionnaire
With respect,
Milena Podovac
University of Kragujevac
Faculty of Hotel Management and Tourism in Vrnjačka Banja,
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Hi. It's an interesting subject. Ok.
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Talent is the salient feature of an individual which makes him to be the outstanding person of his field. We find so many youngsters who are having various talents. But all these youngsters are not able to prove their talents or achieve their goals. The only reason for this is lack of encouragement. Encouragement is the essential thing which enables a man to prove what he is. If proper encouragement is given in the right direction the talented youth will prove its mettle and brings laurels to the country. So it is the first and foremost duty of everybody to encourage the talented persons.
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Yes, encouragement is really a morale booster in every sphere of life. It spurs one on to go on in life and take up the challenge to attain the best.
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First of all I would be interested if there are any researches belonging this topic?
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Yes, I did. Can I help you?
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Looking into the recent developments in India specifically the way youths are expressing their demands on different issues seems dominance of political socialization over other agencies of socialization.
Your thoughts and views..
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Very interesting issue. It is important to determine what we mean by politics. Then it is easier for us to take a position. Personally, I think that politics is for the benefit of other people and our social environment. I share the ancient Greek approach here. I am not in favor of understanding politics as gaining power and realizing my views on the world. I believe that real politics together is looking for solutions, also with those who think differently than I do. Young people should be brought up and formed in this direction.
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There are four primary issues concerning the employment of graduates in Malaysia. The issue of rising unemployment among graduates; a mismatch between the abilities of graduates and the necessities of employment; the suitable of graduate job and the shrinkage of job in public and private sector. Therefore, researchers looks at the youth entrepreneurship development in Malaysia which to examines and identifies the entrepreneurial characteristics and skills for transformation and improvement in the delivery of entrepreneurship
programs.
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Dear All
Greeting!
I am looking for suggestions to manage Internet or technology addiction among youth population.
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Technology addiction can be managed by using Acceptance Commitment Therapy .Another aspect which has to be elicited among these youngsters is the presence of Autism Spectrum Disorder or Social Communication Disorder as a co-existing morbidity.
Technology addiction is an Impulse control problem as well.
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I would like to write an academic essay on Depression among youth using Participatory Action Research and its applicability in our country but I dont have the idea how to make my ideas flow. Im starting to build an outline but it seems lacking and disastrous. Do u have any idea what are the essential information and data to include so that my paper will be clear and convincing? You can also include suggests readings that I could review. I highly appreciate any form of help.
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Two other articles of mine might help:
`Action research in graduate management research programs', Higher Education, vol. 23, pp. 195-208, March 1992. With O. Zuber-Skerritt.
Zuber-Skerritt, O. and Perry, C. 2002, ‘Action research within organisations and university thesis writing’ Organisational Learning, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 171-179.