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Publications related to Wildlife (10,000)
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Article
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Parasites of veterinary importance have been heavily focused on domesticated livestock that was introduced into the neo-tropics. The text used in the teaching parasitology to veterinary students in Trinidad has only investigated the parasites of domesticated species. In the reviewed veterinary parasitology text no mention was made on the parasites...
Article
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Rare Records of the Persian Leopard (Panthera pardus saxicolor Pocock, 1927) from Kurdistan, Northern Iraq, and a review of its distribution in Western Asia. By: Sharif Prof. Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher Mohammad Ahmad Ahmad Mostafa Abdallah Mohammad Khalaf-Prinz Sakerfalke von Jaffa. Abstract: Persian Leopards (Panthera pardus saxicolor...
Article
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This project takes on the critical but undertheorized question of how to balance private and public interests in critical natural resource commons, including air, water, public lands, energy, and biodiversity resources, all of which are prone to forms of diminution by private exploitation. It identifies several built-in legal biases that favor the...
Article
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Background Relative to temperate regions, little is known about bobcats ( Lynx rufus ) in the Sonoran Desert portion of their range, in part due to the difficulty of sampling an elusive carnivore in harsh desert environments. Here, we quantify habitat selection and evaluate diet of bobcats at Kofa National Wildlife Refuge, Arizona, USA, using multi...
Article
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Environmental transmission of Chlamydia abortus as a result of enzootic disease or disease outbreaks and the threats posed by this pathogen has been previously reported, however a state-of-the-science review of these reports and the identification of future research priorities in this area is still lacking. This study provides an overview of the cu...
Article
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Background: African pangolins are currently experiencing unprecedented levels of harvesting, feeding both local demands and the illegal international trade. So far, the lack of knowledge on the population genetics of African pangolins has hampered any attempts at assessing their demographic status and tracing their trade at the local scale. We con...
Article
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Coxiella burnetii is the etiologic agent of Q fever, a zoonotic infectious disease of worldwide distribution that has a wide clinical spectrum. Transmission of C. burnetii occurs by inhalation of contaminated secretions and excreta of infected animal species, particularly goats, cattle and sheep. Activities associated with livestock contact represe...
Article
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In two “départements” in the South-West of France, bovine tuberculosis (bTB) outbreaks due to Mycobacterium bovis spoligotype SB0821 have been identified in cattle since 2002 and in wildlife since 2013. Using whole genome sequencing, the aim of our study was to clarify badger contribution to bTB transmission in this area. We used a Bayesian evoluti...
Article
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Diclofenac is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory human and veterinary medicine widely detected in European surface waters, especially downstream from Wastewater Treatment Plants. With some notable exceptions, veterinary uses of diclofenac in Europe are greatly restricted, so wastewater is the key Europe-wide exposure route for wildlife that may be ex...
Article
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Background The dominant species of Florida oak-saw palmetto scrub sprout after burning from belowground rhizomes or fire-resistant aboveground buds with rapid reestablishment of cover. Responses to single fires are well documented; however, responses to repeated fires may differ. Fire return intervals, differences among sites, and species may influ...
Article
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Restoration of temperate forests alters the diurnal dynamics of land surface temperature (LST) and evapotranspiration (ET) through increases in biomass, diversity, and complexity. The ECOsystem Spaceborne Thermal Radiometer Experiment on Space Station (ECOSTRESS) is the first space-based thermal imaging instrument that allows for a study of diurnal...
Article
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In human-wildlife conflicts, it is crucial to develop accurate protocols for the reliable verification of the causative species and its relationship with potential damage claims. One of such conflicts is that occurring between apiarists and bee-eaters. In this work, we aim to assess the utility of passive acoustic monitoring (PAM) as an efficient m...
Article
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There have been few studies of vertebrate roadkill in China, and the lack of long-term, large-scale, and multiple-species monitoring and data have made it difficult for transportation departments to make science-based decisions. The 13 highways in the Changbai Mountains of northeast China were selected for 13 years of monitoring. The results showed...
Article
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Trace elements are pollutants of both natural and anthropogenic origin which can influence negatively on ecosystem and wildlife health. We evaluated trace element in blood samples of gray seal (Halichoerus grypus) stranded in the Gulf of Riga and their influence on their health status through hematological and biochemical profiles. Zn showed the hi...
Article
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The hooded capuchin (Sapajus cay) is an adaptable, generalist primate species found throughout eastern Paraguay with preferences for the Paraguayan Upper Paraná Atlantic Forest (BAAPA). BAAPA is one of the world's most critically endangered terrestrial habitats with more than 90% of its original cover lost to industrial agriculture. Given its chari...
Article
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Quantifying the effect of human-wildlife interactions, and particularly those where negative perceptions exist, can have a benefit towards the conservation of species. The negative perceptions surrounding human-shark interactions can be put forward as a case in point. In this work, we use six relevant statements questions to test human perceptions...
Article
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The availability of a reliable molecular assay in species recognition in forensic cases is of paramount importance when visual inspection or morphological methods are not exhaustive, especially from challenging samples. Here, two different caseworks involving bone samples founded during medico-legal outdoor investigations are presented. In order to...
Article
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Long-term and wide-ranging citizen science programs provide a unique opportunity to monitor wildlife populations and trends through time while encouraging stakeholder participation, engagement, and trust. Hunter observations is such a program that in Sweden is used on a regular basis to monitor population trends of moose. However, hunter observatio...
Article
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Wind energy often plays a major role in meeting renewable energy policy objectives; however, increased deployment can raise concerns regarding the impacts of wind plants on certain wildlife. Particularly, estimates suggest hundreds of thousands of bat fatalities occur annually at wind plants across North America, with potential implications for the...
Poster
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The application of camera traps is one of the fastest developing and most widely used technology in wildlife monitoring and conservation in the past 20 years. A camera trap can detect cryptic wildlife, and their operation is convenient. They can obtain massive first-hand pictures or video data in the field, providing abundant information for unders...
Article
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We investigate evolving dynamics of cyclically competing species on spatially extended systems with considering a specific region, which is called the “wildlife refuge,” one of the institutional ways to preserve species biodiversity. Through Monte-Carlo simulations, we found that the refuge can play not groundbreaking but an important role in speci...
Presentation
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New video evidence showing an Ivory-billed Woodpecker, presented to the US Fish and Wildlife Service during the reopened public comment period on the species' proposed delisting as extinct.
Chapter
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Botswana is concerned about the continuously escalating failure rate of children in basic education [grades 1–12], despite the introduction of technology in some schools. The efforts made have no significant change in the performance of children in schools. Basarwa and Bakgalagadi children l¦ive in abject poverty and rely solely on government’s han...
Article
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1. Studies on humans indicate that encountering multiple sources of adversity in childhood increases the risk of poor long-term health and premature death. Far less is known about cumulative effects of adversity during early life in wildlife. 2. Focusing on the spotted hyena Crocuta crocuta, a social mammal with small litters , extensive maternal...
Preprint
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Small and isolated wildlife populations face numerous threats to extinction, among which is the deterioration of fitness due to an accumulation of deleterious genetic variation. Genomic tools are increasingly used to quantify the impacts of deleterious variation in small populations; however, these approaches remain limited by an inability to accur...
Article
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Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) remains one of the major threats to animal health worldwide. Its causative agent, the FMD virus (FMDV), affects cloven-hoofed animals, including farm animals and wildlife species, inflicting severe damage to the international trade and livestock industry. FMDV antigenic variability remains one of the biggest challenges...
Article
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This article applies a feminist political ecology framework to analyze a particular case of human-wildlife interaction from northeastern India, linking it to the emerging paradigm of 'decolonized conservation.' Through the oral testimonies of local community members with regard to living close to wild Asian elephants in a forest-agriculture landsca...
Poster
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The biomedical literature has consistently highlighted that long-term elevation of glucocorticoids might impair immune functions. However, patterns are less clear in wild animals. Here, we re-explored the stress–immunity relationship considering the potential effects of behavioural profiles. Thirteen captive roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) were moni...
Article
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The construction of new roads opens access to native environments, resulting in changes to the landscape. These roads cause the death of native wildlife due to collisions with vehicles, which is the main cause of human-induced vertebrate death. This work aimed to investigate the spatial distribution of roadkills on the BR-163 highway, Mato Grosso,...
Preprint
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Water bodies comprise the biggest earth's surface worldwide, making them high-value ecosystems and home to a diverse range of plants and wildlife. The exponential mankind increasing consumption demands has resulted into water pollution with various contaminants including PFAS. AS one of the emerging micro pollutants (EMPs), it is a ubiquitous anthr...
Article
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Toxoplasma gondii constitutes a major zoonotic agent but also has been frequently identified as an important cause of clinical disease (e.g., abortion, pneumonia, encephalitis) in wildlife; specifically, T. gondii has been associated with neurological disease in cetaceans. This study investigated the genetic diversity of T. gondii strains involved...
Article
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In a move heralded by conservationists and tech policy reformists alike, Brazil’s environmental regulatory agency has penalized Meta, the parent company of Facebook and WhatsApp, for failing to remove thousands of online posts that had been flagged for selling illegal wildlife. The ~US$2 million fine will not materially affect the world’s largest s...
Article
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Background Anthrax is a zoonotic disease that causes frequent outbreaks in livestock and fatal human cases in Burkina Faso. Effective surveillance of this disease calls for the establishment of an integrated surveillance system, in line with the One Health concept. However, despite a strong technical and financial support from international partner...
Technical Report
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The Green River and its tributaries in Utah and Colorado support populations of four endangered fishes: humpback chub (Gila cypha), bonytail (Gila elegans), Colorado pikeminnow (Ptychocheilus lucius), and razorback sucker (Xyrauchen texanus). The Green River system is considered vital to the recovery of these federally protected species. In recogni...
Article
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Here, we reflect on the process and outcomes of co-designing seabird conservation resources with upper-primary-aged pupils. We focused on biosecurity (protecting wildlife from potential invasive species), an intellectually and emotionally complex topic which includes many social issues alongside ecology. Public awareness and understanding are vital...
Article
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Bottlenose dolphins ( Tursiops truncatus and Tursiops aduncus; BND) live in coastal waters, prompting frequent contact with humans. Interaction with BND can be either planned (e.g. swim-with-dolphin experiences) or chance (e.g. BND surfing on boat wakes). These charismatic cetaceans are common in many forms of wildlife tourism, including marine wil...
Article
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Roadkills are a major threat to the wildlife in human-modified landscapes. Due to their ecology, relatively small size, and slow movement, amphibians and reptiles are particularly prone to roadkill. While standardized roadkill surveys provide valuable data for regional roadkill trends, such surveys are often resource-intensive and have limited geog...
Article
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This article reviews investigations in which Canna indica was utilized in constructed wetlands (CW) for wastewater treatment of a variety types. It is strongly urged that ornamental flowering plants be used in CWs as monoculture or mixed species to improve the appearance of CWs whilst still treating wastewater. Plants play important roles in CWs by...
Poster
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Informative Poster about the Project research: Metabarcodification of air eDNA to monitor communities of wildlife fauna in the National Reserve Pacaya Samiria: proof of concept in a natural area.
Article
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Antimicrobial resistance is an ancient natural phenomenon increasingly pressured by anthropogenic activities. Escherichia coli has been used as markers of environmental contamination and human-related activity. Seabirds may be bioindicators of clinically relevant bacterial pathogens and their antimicrobial resistance genes, including extended-spect...
Article
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SARS-CoV-2 outbreaks on 69 Dutch mink farms in 2020 were studied to identify risk factors for virus introduction and transmission and to improve surveillance and containment measures. Clinical signs, laboratory test results, and epidemiological aspects were investigated, such as the date and reason of suspicion, housing, farm size and distances, hu...
Preprint
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Context: Wildlife surveys are limited by the capacity to collect data over the spatial extent of a population, which is challenging and costly for species of large geographic distribution in remote regions. Multi-level habitat selection models can limit the surveying extent and become tools for conservation management by identifying key areas and h...
Article
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The emergence of highly contagious diseases in general and the COVID-19 pandemic in particular also have far implications. Typically, COVID-19 has become a major concern for biodiversity conservation. The focus of this research is to look at the COVID 19 pandemic as a potential danger to animal welfare. This work conducted a review of updated infor...
Article
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A number of disorders that harm pig production are linked to porcine circoviruses, including PCV2. PCV2 infection is a substantial contributor to porcine-circovirus-associated illnesses (PCAS) and the post-weaning multi-systemic wasting syndrome (PMWS), which have a significant negative economic impact on pig production. Additionally, PCV infection...
Article
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Rescue, rehabilitation, and release (‘rescue-rehab-release’) of wildlife is an increasingly widespread practice across ecosystems, largely driven by habitat loss, wildlife exploitation and a changing climate. Despite this, its conservation value has not been realized, in part due to the scarcity of what has been termed “the 4th R”, research. Simila...
Article
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Livelihood diversification among the pastoral communities is currently a common occurrence due to changes in climate and human population. This study assessed the influence of business activities and wildlife tourism related activities on the socioeconomic wellbeing of Maasai women in Isinya, Kajiado County, Kenya. A stratified random sample of 279...
Article
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Reported strike events between wildlife and aircraft are hazardous to aircraft and airfield operations and are increasing globally. To develop effective mitigation strategies, the relative hazard a species poses to aircraft, as well as information relating to its life history, are key to the development of effective mitigation strategies in Wildlif...
Article
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Wildlife is an essential part of wholesome environment which needs the special care and attention toward its preservation and prevention of crimes through effective legal and scientific mechanisms. Now world has moving towards the inclusion of technology in every sphere of human life. Here law and science are mediums of achieving the ends for the b...
Article
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The hunting of wildlife is a contentious issue that conservationists see as the biggest threat to biodiversity. At the same time, forest-dwelling indigenous tribes depend on it for various socioeconomic and cultural needs. Lack of data on hunting offtakes, and spatial and temporal patterns of hunting have hindered a detailed understanding of these...
Article
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Due to the loss of wetlands, land‐use change, and confrontations with humans, the common hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius) is one of the largest land mammals currently threatened and classified as vulnerable by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). The common hippo is found in protected and unprotected habitats, marshes, an...
Article
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Human settlements, including cities, may provide wildlife with new ecological niches, in terms of habitat types and food availability, thus requiring plasticity for adaptation. The crested porcupine Hystrix cristata is a habitat-generalist, large-sized rodent, also recorded in some suburban areas, but no information is available on its habitat use...
Preprint
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Accurately estimating the snowpack in key mountainous basins is critical for water resource managers to make decisions that impact local and global economies, wildlife, and public policy. Currently, this estimation requires multiple LiDAR-equipped plane flights or in situ measurements, both of which are expensive, sparse, and biased towards accessi...
Article
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Con el apoyo de Conservación Loros de Bolivia (CLB), la Dirección General de Biodiversidad y Áreas Protegidas (DGBAP) y Kilverston Wildlife Charitable Trust, el 17 de mayo de 2021 se reconoce al APM Gran Mojos como nueva AICOM para el país, con el código A-BO-011. Entre los criterios que cumple la nueva AICOM, está su alta diversidad de murciélago...
Article
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Abstract 1. Semi‐natural features among farmland have a key role in maintaining wildlife in rural landscapes. Practical conservation requires knowledge of which combinations of features are of greatest value and whether this differs among faunal groups. We used a ‘landscape’ approach to investigate the relative importance to birds and insects (bees...
Article
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On 5th July 2022, the Tanzanian Ministry of Health (MoH) announced the re-emergence of leptospirosis after reporting 20 confirmed symptomatic cases and 3 mortalities. Leptospirosis is caused by a spirochete bacterium that lives in an animal's renal tubule and spreads to individuals through contact with contaminated animal urine. Unsupervised agricu...
Conference Paper
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Sea-level rise poses a threat to the habitat of humans and animals that reside in coastal regions across the world. As a result, sea-level rise is expected to impact the mass movement of humans and animals, which in turn has a direct impact on zoonotic disease potential. Although islands and coastal areas are the first to feel the consequences of s...
Book
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This book focuses on the 232 species of the mammalian Order Carnivora with an average body mass < 21.5 kg. Small carnivores inhabit virtually all of the Earth's ecosystems, adopting terrestrial, semi-fossorial, (semi-)arboreal or (semi-)aquatic lifestyles. They occupy multiple trophic levels and therefore play important roles in the regulation of e...
Book
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The Annamalai University is a Public State University spread across 950 acres in Annamalai Nagar, Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu, and offers higher education courses with 10 Faculties. About one million students would have walked out from this campus during the past 90 years, establishing the glory of the University. Trees contribute a significant role in...
Technical Report
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The Endangered Species Act (ESA) defines an endangered species as being "in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range…" (16 U.S.C. § 1532). The phrase "significant portion of its range" (SPR) has received considerable attention by academics, policy makers, and the courts. The Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) has devel...
Article
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Conservation of endangered species has become increasingly complex, and costly interventions to protect wildlife require a robust scientific evidence base. This includes consideration of the role of the microbiome in preserving animal health. Captivity introduces stressors not encountered in the wild including environmental factors and exposure to...
Article
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Time allocations for different activities of Capped langurs are depending on the environmental and habitat conditions. We observed time budgeting of Capped langurs for various activities on daily, monthly, seasonal and yearly basis from January 2017 to December 2019 in Barail Wildlife Sanctuary of Assam, India. Focal-animal sampling technique was u...
Article
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In recent decades, the amount of marine debris has increased in our oceans. As wildlife interactions with debris increase, so does the number of entangled animals, impairing normal behavior and potentially affecting the survival of these individuals. The current study summarizes data on two phocid species, harbor (Phoca vitulina) and gray seals (Ha...
Article
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Stamp programs are a financial mechanism that can provide funding from stakeholders for conservation efforts. Sufficient funding is foundational for the management of wildlife and natural resources, especially for infectious disease control for diseases like chronic wasting disease (CWD) in deer. This study uses contingent valuation in a nationwide...
Technical Report
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CT reports the most recent publications in the field of wildland fire, to include fire ecology, fire management, smoke, urban-interface, climate, fire safety, soils, wildlife, and more.
Article
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Contaminants of Emerging Concern (CECs) can be measured in waters across the United States, including the tributaries of the Great Lakes. The extent to which these contaminants affect gene expression in aquatic wildlife is unclear. This dataset presents the full hepatic transcriptomes of laboratory-reared fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) caged...
Article
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Botulinum toxins are one of the most potent biological toxins known. They cause botulism in wildlife and livestock, and thus, are regarded as a problem in veterinary medicine. On the other hand, use of purified low dose pharmaceutical grade botulinum toxin serotype A (BoNT-A) in different human clinical implications such as movement, autonomic diso...
Article
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Camera traps are widely used in wildlife surveys and biodiversity monitoring. Depending on its triggering mechanism, a large number of images or videos are sometimes accumulated. Some literature has proposed the application of deep learning techniques to automatically identify wildlife in camera trap imagery, which can significantly reduce manual w...