Wildlife Diseases - Science topic
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Questions related to Wildlife Diseases
does anybody have information that can share about pain recognition in bats?
Citable sources will be especially appreciated.
What are the parasitology guides that you are recommending to identify the helminth infections of wild animals? Especially helminth infections of amphibians.
Please mention links of guides/books which are available to refer online or titles of the books that you know.
It's only for academic purpose, I want to discuss this topic on class and its relevance as a new emergence disease.
Human erythrocytes are not nucleated and therefore do not present class 1 mHC molecules. Avian erythrocytes on the other hand are nucleated and so I would like to know if they present foreign peptides on class 1 mHC molecules when they are infected. The particular context I'm interested in is during Plasmodium infections. I'm struggling to find a clear answer in the literature.
Thanks for your help.
I need a way to objectively compare corvid nestling and fledgling gape coloration in the field as a potential measure of health. Are there examples of fields studies where flesh-tone color cards are matched or where a standard color card is used to calibrate lighting and color balance in a photograph? Or any other ways of objectively measuring color of a bird in hand in the field?
We collaborate with an animal rescue facility in the Ecuadorian Amazon. They have had incidents of primates, Squirrel monkeys, Capuchin monkeys, Woolly Monkeys and Spider Monkeys, that have suddenly died. In autopsy, the hearts of some of these monkeys were found to be filled with nematodes. This suggested Dirofilaria to me. I have not been able to find previous reports of Dirofilaria infecting primates in the Neotropics except incidental reports of primate infections without details. Proper identification of the parasite will lead to treatment options and preventative measures to reduce the probability of infections. We are planning to start a screening program to look for microfilarae in peripheral blood smears. Any assistance would be appreciated.
I am trying to help rural area for diagnosing wildlife disease by histopathology method. Hence, I am looking for light weight, portable microtome, which can cut at least 5 micron. Does anyone have any suggestion?
How do you design a treatment trial for skin conditions in wildlife settings for large animals?
I am looking for literature regarding sharing of bacterial pathogens like Salmonella, E.coli and Mycobacterium paratuberculosis between domestic and wild animals from indian subcontinent. if anyone has literature regarding it please share.
I recently performed a necropsy on a waterbird from coastal California and after removing the eyeballs, found hundreds of adult mites within the orbital fascia. The location was no where near the lacrima structures (if that is what they are called in birds). I would greatly appreciate any references where this has been previously reported. Thanks!
The elephants are known to take warm waters of the lake up in their nose, it is possible that like humans it sometime goes up higher to cause PAM? Aggression followed by deaths have been reported in zoos, could it be due to PAM?
I have a sample group of 160 deceased whales with diseases I categorized numerically ranging from 1-11 (example: 1-cancer, 2-respiratory, 3-improper care, etc.) I attached a picture of the counts for each disease I had tested. Respiratory, which is actually listed at the number 2 COD (cause of death) shows to be the most frequent cause of death. My other hypotheses were that there is a specific gender that is more effected, or the origin (wild or raised captive) has an effect.
I can clearly see that one of the diseases is occurring more frequently, but I do not know how to put it statistically. I ran chi-square cross tabs on the cause of death versus the facility size, the sex, as well as the origin. I don't know what to make of it.
Here's a link to the data I am using
This structure was found within a small skin lesion on the skin / leather. We suspect some sort of parasite is involved in causing the lesions
A CT-scan study of a recently found injured Persian leopard revealed that there is sever damages to the spinal cord as he was shot several times This type of problem is usually thought to be incurable and irreversible. However, is anyone aware of any similar case that the veterinarian gave a chance with spinal cord problem?
Hi I´ve read some papers of Macrorhabdus ornithogaster in Rhea americana, that cause mortalities in captivity, however non of those refers to the treatment in this particular species.
Besides our concern over bat populations for their own distinctiveness and inherent value, we must recognize that bats support unique communities of cave life through their guano deposition. Declines in bat populations due to new stresses, including White-nose disease, would likely result in loss of biodiversity and/or abundance of life in cave environments. Is anyone looking into this directly? Can anyone suggest new study sites or approaches to test this in future research?
Article Beetles, bats, and biologists
I'm working on a disease causing fungus which only infects amphibians and I would like know which genes from this fungus are responsible for disease. So to do this, how can I proceed? Any method or protocol to find out these genes?
My laboratory is initiating several studies that examine the roles of insects in disseminating parasites and pathogens among livestock, wildlife, and humans in complex agroecosystems. We are especially interested in methods that would allow simple examination of blood smears from larger flies such as tabanids. Our current field site is Berry College's 100-square-kilometer outdoor laboratory in North America, but we would like to develop models to modify for application globally. Eventually we will move to molecular techniques, but microscopical examination is a starting point that might allow low cost and ease of training for broad implementation.
I'm trying to extract Bd fungal DNA from a cotton swabs after swabbing on frogs. I'm trying to get total DNA, but I'm not getting it. Right now I'm using lysis buffer containing EDTA, Tris HCl, Nonidet p- 40 and NaCl with proteinase K. I'm getting a very low amount of DNA and sometimes nothing ...so can somebody help me?
Non-fatal fractures in limb bones may heal naturally and are recognized by callus formation in a variable degree. What percentage of a natural population shows such naturally healed fractures? Is there a publication on this topic?
We have more than 8 species of raptors in our Rescue Center for treatment. Our observation shows that an eagle weighing more than 2 kg is more susceptible to Bumble Feet. We are providing them with different sized perches having various degrees of roughness. This has not been much help. What other measures would help?
I need to collect fecal samples of captive and free ranging wild animals for identification of bacteria and parasites. I need to know
1. is there any particular method that is to be followed to avoid the duplicacy of the samples. What is the procedure followed in sampling free ranging animals.
2. Also in case of captive animal if I may not get the individual sample directly from animals and I have to get them from ground so I don't know which individuals sample is that, how can I be sure that I have taken the sample of all the animals if there are 30 animals in the group. Is there any specific recommendations how to do sampling like we have to 3 times or four times the samples to the no. of animals or like that.
I have to take samples from the ground so how can I rule out that the pathogen isolated from feces of wild animal is not an environmental contaminant. what about sampling the environment around like the source of water or soil in the area is this an option? if yes then how to do that
I need to sample small european passerines (Paridae, Passeridae, Carduelidae, Sylviidae, Turdidae) for virological and serological expertise (from jugular vein). I am looking for the optimal sampling protocol. I need to avoid the harming of sampled birds maximally. Naturally, according to generally small sizes of passerine birds, the samples taken from multiple birds will be pooled. The truth is that the great morphological diversity may exist also among exemplars inside the same taxon and many authors use many sampling protocols. Which is the best way to determine the suitable volume of individual sample from one bird?
Emerging Infectious disease involve interactions among species, pathogen and the host species. But understanding the dynamics of any particular disease system, involves understanding a complex system of interactions among the organisms.
Infectious Disease Ecology. 2008. Richard Ostfeld, FelisiaKeesing y Valerie Eviner. Pricenton University Press. 506 pág.
I need to sample soil in a badger's sett, not only at the entrance but also as far as I can go without DESTROYING the sett. Do you know a way or, even better, a publication where they use such sample method?
Hi, I'd like to know which institutes in and around London, or other regions in the UK are intimately involved in research on emerging infectious diseases, especially those with wildlife origins (thinking bats, rodents, primates etc.) I'm particularly interested in knowing if any of these institutes are taking PhD students, as I'm looking to do mine in the near future. My personal interest is those diseases which are primarily of zoonotic significance, and if possible, I'd like to study whether diseases such as Hendra, Nipah or other paramyxoviral diseases occur or have occurred in parts of India, where I'm from, and from where there is a dearth of info. Which is not to say that I'm unwilling to work elsewhere in the world! :) Thanks in advance.