Science topic

Wilderness - Science topic

Environment un-modified by human activity. Areas in which natural processes operate without human interference.
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Publications related to Wilderness (10,000)
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Article
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A full understanding of the growth and distribution of tree roots is conducive to guiding precision irrigation, fertilization, and other agricultural work during agricultural production. Detecting tree roots with a ground-penetrating radar is a repeatable detection method that does no harm to the earth surface and tree roots. In this research, a ra...
Article
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We develop a novel covariate ranking and selection algorithm for regularized ordinary logistic regression (OLR) models in the presence of severe class-imbalance in high dimensional datasets with correlated signal and noise covariates. Class-imbalance is resolved using response-based subsampling which we also employ to achieve stability in variable...
Article
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Desk Set, a 1957 20th Century Fox studio comedy, made with the sponsorship of IBM, charts the relationship between a reference librarian, Bunny Watson, and Richard Sumner, the inventor of a computer which appears to threaten her job. The film displays a thriving philodendron within Bunny’s skyscraper office, illustrating her organic style of thinki...
Article
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Heart rate variability (HRV) is a psychophysiological variable that is often used in applied analysis techniques to indicate health status because it provides a window into the intrinsic regulation of the autonomic nervous system. However, HRV data analysis methods are varied and complex, which has led to different approaches to data collection, an...
Article
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Many protected areas worldwide increasingly resemble habitat isolates embedded in human-modified landscapes. However, establishing linkages among protected areas could significantly reduce species-loss rates. Here we present a novel method having broad applicability for assessing enhanced regional connectivity on persistence of mammal diversity. We...
Article
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The climate and biodiversity crises we have been experiencing for the past few decades are inseparable. The scientific research presented at the back-to-back international summits on climate and biodiversity held in Sharm El-Sheikh in Egypt and in Montréal, Canada, respectively, has made this abundantly clear. Addressing these crises requires real...
Article
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Background: Travel has become an integral part of life, whether for business, pleasure, sport, or pilgrimage. The increasing number of patients with diabetes mellitus translates to a greater number of travelers with this condition. Primary care physicians have little knowledge to guide patients with diabetes planning travel. Summary: A structured p...
Article
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Infectious diseases are increasingly emerging and spreading globally, ending up being considered a threat to biodiversity. In the Amazon region, repeated disappearance episodes of local populations of white-lipped peccaries have been reported during the last decades. These population crashes remain poorly understood, but current knowledge suggests...
Article
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A young elite golfer, Judith, is about to compete in her second year on the professional circuit. She perceived that her choking situation might be a result of debilitative anxiety, poor focus, low confidence, and a lack of perceived control. To prevent choking and improve her ability to focus during pre-performance, the author orients with the Cog...
Chapter
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For decades, a post-Cold War narrative heralded a 'new Arctic', with melting ice and snow and accessible resources that would build sustainable communities. Today, large parts of the Arctic are still trapped in the path dependencies of past resource extraction. At the same time, the impetus for green transitions and a 'new industrialism' spell oppo...
Chapter
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For decades, a post-Cold War narrative heralded a 'new Arctic', with melting ice and snow and accessible resources that would build sustainable communities. Today, large parts of the Arctic are still trapped in the path dependencies of past resource extraction. At the same time, the impetus for green transitions and a 'new industrialism' spell oppo...
Chapter
Full-text available
For decades, a post-Cold War narrative heralded a 'new Arctic', with melting ice and snow and accessible resources that would build sustainable communities. Today, large parts of the Arctic are still trapped in the path dependencies of past resource extraction. At the same time, the impetus for green transitions and a 'new industrialism' spell oppo...
Chapter
Full-text available
For decades, a post-Cold War narrative heralded a 'new Arctic', with melting ice and snow and accessible resources that would build sustainable communities. Today, large parts of the Arctic are still trapped in the path dependencies of past resource extraction. At the same time, the impetus for green transitions and a 'new industrialism' spell oppo...
Chapter
Full-text available
For decades, a post-Cold War narrative heralded a 'new Arctic', with melting ice and snow and accessible resources that would build sustainable communities. Today, large parts of the Arctic are still trapped in the path dependencies of past resource extraction. At the same time, the impetus for green transitions and a 'new industrialism' spell oppo...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the ongoing impacts of climate change around the world, fossil fuels continue to drive the global economy. The socio-environmental impacts of oil development at the local level are widely recognized, especially in high biocultural diversity areas, highlighting the need to develop and implement effective policies that protect both biodiversi...
Conference Paper
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The size and number of forest fires in the Mediterranean region have increased drastically in the last decades, bringing significant ecological, economic and social consequences. As the main part of Mediterranean ecosystems, wildfire frequently occurs during summertime, especially in the dry season. However, the current situation of climate change,...
Poster
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ABSTRACT Animal behaviors such as dispersal and migration ensure their survival in the landscape. It has been established in the past few decades that wildlife conservation and the study of their movement in the wilderness is vital for a sustainable ecosystem. Thus, the identification of regions having high movement permeability for planning and ma...
Research
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According to studies, infertility is often ignored in developing countries despite its impact on well-being. This qualitative study aimed to explore how Filipino women with infertility gave meaning to their well-being and experiences in trying to conceive. In-depth interviews were conducted with eight women, while three psychologists and two reprod...
Article
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The bioethical debate about using gene drives to alter or eradicate wild populations has focused mostly on issues concerning short-term risk assessment and management, governance and oversight, and public and community engagement, but has not examined big-picture- 'where is this going?'-questions in great depth. In other areas of bioethical controv...
Article
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This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished to the author for internal non-commercial research and education use, including for instruction at the authors institution and sharing with colleagues. Other uses, including reproduction and distribution, or selling or licensing copies, or posting to personal,...
Article
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The state of Sarawak is blessed with vast wilderness and thriving wildlife (Abu Bakar et al., 2016). The state has a flourishing biodiversity, ecology, and environment, packed with amazing national parks, which are world-renowned. The parks are home to lush tropical rainforests and peculiar wildlife, all of which can be found in natural parks such...
Article
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This symposium uses data from the National Social Life, Health & Aging Project to examine how and for whom older adults’ social relationships and experiences changed with the advent of the COVID-19 pandemic. Zhang et al. examine video call usage among older adults with hearing impairment and how this might mitigate loneliness. They find that althou...
Article
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Eminent neurosurgeon Wilder Penfield (1891-1976), who was later nominated twice for the Nobel Prize, visited the clinical department for nervous and psychiatric diseases in Breslau, Germany for two lengthy research stays in 1928 and 1931 during the interwar period. These journeys were transformative for his own clinical and research investigations...
Book
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In this book, Jaeyoung Jeon traces the development of the pentateuchal wilderness story in Exodus and Numbers from its pre-monarchic origin to the formation of the final form. He argues that old memories of YHWH from the southern desert area and the move of the Transjordanian settlers to the west were merged with the memory of Egyptian oppression a...
Article
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Sexual incidents in Indonesia reported by the Data Information Center of the National Child Protection Commission (KPAI) from 2010 to 2014 resulted in 21,869,797 violations against children spread over 34 regions. The uniqueness of child sexual abuse in Indonesia is that it often occurs in places that should provide a sense of security and comfort...
Article
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Background: The burden of non-communicable diseases (including poor mental health) is increasing, and some practitioners are turning to nature to provide the solution. Nature-based interventions (NBIs) could offer cost-effective solutions by reconnecting individuals with nature, but the success of these interventions depends partially on the way i...
Preprint
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In 2020 the Beachie Creek Fire burned a large area of forest in the northern Oregon Cascade Range including public and private land and much of the Opal Creek Wilderness. We compiled a baseline data set from various sources of the lichens known to occur before the fire within this area. These data are presented as an annotated species checklist doc...
Article
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Contemporary archaeology brings a unique perspective from which to critically think about Antarctic Treaty System conservation policies and practices concerning material things. The paper begins by highlighting how they have relied on several underlying assumptions, which we summarise as the ‘wilderness’ and ‘heritage’ principles. It then discusses...
Article
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In this study, the morphological, pomological, and nutritional values of wild and cultivated rosehip fruits grown in the Slavonia region of eastern Croatia were studied. The results revealed significant differences in several morphological and pomological characteristics among the rosehip genotypes in terms of fruit weight, flesh weight, seed weigh...
Article
Full-text available
Contemporary archaeology brings a unique perspective from which to critically think about Antarctic Treaty System conservation policies and practices concerning material things. The article begins by highlighting how they have relied on several underlying assumptions, which we summarise as the “wilderness” and “heritage” principles. It then discuss...
Article
Full-text available
Environmental protection is still a key issue that cannot be ignored at this stage of social development. With the development of artificial intelligence, various technologies increasingly tend to be widely used in the field of environmental protection, such as searching the wilderness through an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) and cleaning garbage b...
Article
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This article articulates the places of early modern poetry with contemporary eco-theories. Mobilising the connectivities of οικος rather than the separations of environment, the author traces ecological senses of place in the poetry of Du Bellay, Jacques Peletier, and Ronsard, and reclaims Renaissance humanism from posthumanist detractors. Humanist...
Chapter
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The observation in this paper is that the micro-dystopic has a tendency of being placed into settings troubled by the relation between society and the wild. My paper is therefore oriented around how recent films feature wilderness as a framing for micro-dystopic worlds. This also allows for an opening up of micro-dystopia as differently framed in t...
Article
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The increasing number of visitors to wetland parks has caused varying degrees of impact on wetland life. How to reduce the damage to wetland biodiversity caused by recreational activities in parks, improve tourists’ recreational experience, and balance the relationship between the two are urgent problems that need to be solved. Therefore, four urba...
Article
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Alcoholism, as a social disease that creeps into society, in general, and into the family, in particular, causes addiction, depression, and ultimately death. Affecting a vast array of people, Alcoholism is indiscriminate regardless of race, gender, identity, education, class, or intelligence. Alcoholism results in societal problems that are depicte...
Article
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Objetiva interpelar o filme “Sunset Boulevard − Crepúsculo dos Deuses” (1950) reflexionando a indústria cinematográfica de Hollywood na época em que o filme foi produzido centrado na figura mítico/trágica da atriz decadente Norma Desmond em sua mansão na “Sunset Boulevard” – Los Angeles, California. O filme enquadra de modo perturbador a queda de u...
Article
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Context Although many species have transboundary geographic ranges, most conservation initiatives do not cross political boundaries. The landscape between the Adirondack Mountains in New York and the Laurentian Mountains in Québec includes one of three potential north–south transboundary wildlife movement linkages that connect wilderness areas in n...
Article
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This work is the second report of the results obtained from a series of rapid biodiversity surveys of the upper Cuito, Cubango, Cuando, Zambezi, and Kwanza River basins in Angola, which were conducted between 2015 and 2019 in conjunction with the National Geographic Okavango Wilderness Project. The herpetofauna of this region are poorly documented...
Article
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Real-time data- and location-sharing using mesh networking radios paired with smartphones may improve situational awareness and safety in remote environments lacking communications infrastructure. Despite being increasingly used for wildland fire and public safety applications, there has been little formal evaluation of the network connectivity of...
Article
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Background: Trekking to high-altitude locations presents inherent health-related hazards, many of which can managed with specific first aid (FA) training. This study evaluates the trip preparation, FA knowledge, and FA self-assessment of trekkers (organized by tour operators vs. individually planned tours). Data obtained shall be used for specific...
Preprint
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Antrophonegic pressure (i.e. human influence) on the environment is one of the largest causes of the loss of biological diversity. Wilderness areas, in contrast, are home to undisturbed ecological processes. However, there is no biophysical definition of the term wilderness. Instead, wilderness is more of a philosophical or cultural concept and thu...
Article
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Stagioni (2006) is the last work by the Italian writer Mario Rigoni Stern and it is like an autobiography that delves into the most important phases of his life and explains his relationship with history and, above all, with nature, the focal point of his literary production. In this contribution, starting from an overview of some theoretical funda...
Chapter
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This chapter deals with the themed exhibitions set up within the context of the Municipal Education Museum in Ypres. It allows the reader to gain insight in the curation as well as in the organization and planning of themed expositions (e.g., driven by personal motives, used to display scientific/research findings). Besides these museum’s activitie...
Article
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Background Hawaiʻi’s native forest avifauna is experiencing drastic declines due to climate change-induced increases in temperature encroaching on their upper-elevation montane rainforest refugia. Higher temperatures support greater avian malaria infection rates due to greater densities of its primary vector, the southern house mosquito Culex quinq...
Article
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In this paper some parallelisms and differences are presented between two ancient theological traditions concerning their model of Christ by comparing two representative figures of both schools, namely Theodoret of Cyrus and Cyril of Alexandria. Since the Christology of the two authors could not be compared in detail within such a paper, the invest...
Article
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Historian Lynn White wanted to understand why the Western civilization had exploited nature so much that its own quality of life--even its survival--was now at stake. White concluded that the answer is: the Judeo-Christian tradition.The environmental movement began in the early 1960s, with far-reaching changes in American values and attitudes, that...
Article
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One of the many important lessons imparted by corpus linguistics is that the information supplied in dictionaries and grammars represents no more than the tip of the iceberg. In lexicography, the object of description is fundamentally the lemma. When more specific details are not supplied, the assumption on the part of the average dictionary user i...
Article
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Emergency applications of rescue blankets go far beyond protection from hypothermia. In this review alternative applicabilities of these remarkable multifunctional tools were highlighted. Newly fabricated rescue blankets prove impressive robustness. The high tensile strength along with its low weight enable further applications, e.g. immobilization...
Preprint
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Preprint manuscript on hiker knowledge, attitudes, and practices toward discarded used toilet paper (DUTP) in USA wilderness areas.
Article
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This paper examines countryside, domestic picturesque, and scenic sublimes in Sarah Orne Jewett’s “A White Heron.” It conducts an interdisciplinary eco-feminist approach to explore the coalescence of women and nature depicted in the story. The study approaches women’s exploitation and its remedial antithesis through living in nature. It applies thr...
Article
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Inside a Mediterranean scenario of population asymmetries, this paper talks about and ongoing research that aims to highlight issues, identify a working method and tools able to support sustainable regenerative design strategies for abandoned historical small(er) towns and their landscapes, especially in inlands contexts. With these objectives, the...
Article
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This article shows how temporal disorder diffuses into the wildernesses within early modern English drama. Those areas beyond the walls of cities and castles in—among other plays—The Two Gentlemen of Verona, Titus Andronicus, Romeo and Juliet, and Macbeth thus flit free from the temporal rules that construct a play’s quotidian world, and the conspi...
Conference Paper
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As digital games and simulations continue to see use in both formal and informal learning contexts, it becomes increasingly important to understand the goals, motivations, and interests of the learners using them. Recently, there has been increased interest in identifying the different engagement profiles of learners playing games, descriptions of...
Article
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ContextTreeless areas in forested landscapes are an enduring ecological puzzle globally. A fire-mediated alternative stable state (FMASS) model has been proposed to explain mosaics of forest and sedgeland in Tasmania, whereby shifts in fire frequency change vegetation and soil patterns. This model is controversial, and a key step in proving it dema...
Article
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This article proposes that although Denis Villeneuve’s Blade Runner 2049 is, like the 1982 Ridley Scott film to which it is a sequel, most obviously located within the genres of science fiction and neo-noir, it in fact engages extensively with the history of the Western genre. Villeneuve’s film, I argue, is a crypto-Western, recuperating Western co...
Conference Paper
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Analyzing The Impact of Presence and Absence of Western Ghats Orography on Indian Monsoon” Dr. Madhumita Hussain Associate Professor Department Of Geography Sophia Girls’ College, Ajmer ABSTRACT The Western Ghats is an extensive region expanding over six States, 44 districts and 142 taluks. It is the abode of many endangered plants and animals. We...
Book
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Wat zijn natuurlijke processen? Waarom sterven populaties uit? Wat zijn ecosysteemdiensten? Waarom zijn waterplassen en moerassen zo belangrijk? Werkt natuurbeheer in tijden van klimaatverandering? Waarom grazen er koeien en paarden in een natuurgebied? Wat is het probleem met stikstof en fosfor? Mag natuur niet gewoon natuur zijn, spontaan, zelfst...
Article
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While wilderness programs are recognized as a feasible intervention to promote psychological independence in adolescence, little is known about physiological changes. The present study focused on oxytocin, a key hormone for social cognition and behavior, and investigated changes in OT concentrations during a wilderness program among adolescents. Tw...
Article
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Group relations conferences offer an intense strategy to learn experientially about individuals, groups, and organizations. They are not a neutral environment where stuff happens but a sophisticated ritual setting that both allows and fosters particular individual and collective states of mind. While conferences may provide an opportunity to observ...
Article
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Sedimentological and biogeochemical measurements were conducted on minerotrophic peat in a wilderness area on a granitic plateau to reconstruct the local ecosystem’s history and clarify the peat’s response to local and global changes. The peat is less than 1900 years old. Its clay and iron (Fe) concentration profiles revealed an increasing atmosphe...
Conference Paper
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Recent socio-historical studies of Religion in the Roman World clarify the difference between polytheistic religious lives in Paul's times and present concepts of religion. Unlike Islam, Judaism and Christianity, religious lives in antiquity were non-confessional and lacked moral instructions for worshippers. Patron-client relations seem to depict...
Article
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Due to ongoing global development and economic growth, ecosystem degradation has become a crucial issue for the environment and human health. Ecosystems are the basis of life itself! The natural ecosystems in the wilderness provide various products and are regions in which a number of vital ecological processes are present, without which human civi...
Book
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Botany is the scientific study of plants. "Plants," to most people, means a wide range of living organisms from the smallest bacteria to the largest living things-the giant sequoia trees. According to Joseph Paxton, "Botany, the science of the vegetable kingdom, is one of the most attractive, most useful, and most extensive departments of human kno...
Article
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Recently, the creation of large livestock complexes has been observed on all continents of the earth. High-yielding cattle herds of dairy cows exist in Holland and Israel, meat breeds - in Argentina and Brazil, pigs - in Denmark and the USA, sheep - in Australia and New Zealand, poultry - everywhere. In Saudi Arabia, the government has taken a deci...
Article
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National parks serve a dual purpose: they aim to protect pristine nature and they are intended to facilitate visitation and provide necessary services. However, as visitation increases, it becomes challenging to establish a balance between visitation and the preservation of nature. This paper aims to examine the attitudes of tourism service provide...
Article
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The presence of domestic animals in the wilderness has a negative effect on wildlife populationsor; for instance, in addition to habitat loss, urbanization, and coastal light pollution, sea turtles also suffer from another threat: the predation of their eggs, hatchlings, and even female nesters by domestic, feral, and/or wild animals. Domestic dogs...
Article
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African literature has suffered a great deal of scathing criticism, especially from western critics and scholars, who believe that Black African writers and critics have repeatedly focused on trite themes and subject matters of colonial/postcolonial nature at the expense of the global environmental crises. This paper then, which is partly a respons...
Technical Report
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Remoteness – the degree to which localities or areas of land are physically or perceptually isolated from the evidence and direct influences of modern technological society – can contribute to the values and viability of a wilderness area. For situations where such contribution is or may be possible, this note provides guidelines for taking remot...
Article
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In November 2019, the first unconfirmed cases of a new coronavirus appeared in Hubei province, China. Cases of the virus, which was later termed severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) or COVID-19, spread rapidly in and outside China. Governments attempted to control the spread by putting in place various types of travel restri...
Article
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Wilderness Babel first started a decade ago as an online virtual exhibition on the Environment and Society Portal of the Rachel Carson Center for Environment and Society. It was initially conceived as a linguistic project, as a sort of reference tool for cataloging and describing wilderness as it is understood in many of the world’s major languages...
Article
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In the last decades, crime fiction has proliferated into many subgenres, which are often analyzed from feminist, neo-Marxist, psychoanalytical, or postcolonial perspectives; however, hardly any at�tention has been paid to ecocritical approach. Focusing on the so-called Navajo mysteries by Tony Hillerman and his daughter Anne, on Dana Stabenow’s K...
Article
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Malacologists took notice of tree snails in the genus Liguus during the last decades of the nineteenth century. Since then, Liguus have undergone repeated shifts in identity as members of species, states, shell collections, backyard gardens, and engineered wildernesses. To understand what Liguus are, this paper examines snail enthusiasts, collector...
Article
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Ecocentrism is an all-encompassing concept that covers geo-diversity and biocentrism but extends the latter. Also, by definition, ecocentrism is the basis of calls for the Rights of Nature and is the fundamental basis of Deep Ecology (including Deep Green Resistance). Eco-centrism is the opposite of anthropocentrism. This creates a divide within th...
Article
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This article explores a sequence of events, a combination of Orthodox Christian village and chapel festivals, associated processions and a cross-border procession, through the theoretical concept of ritualisation. The sequence of events takes place annually in the Finnish villages of Saarivaara and Hoilola, the Pörtsämö wilderness cemetery and the...
Article
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The aim of this article is to present Juliusz Słowacki’s statements regarding the American continent. Though the research material is limited, it can be surmised that Słowacki consistently viewed the Mundus Novus (both its northern and southern parts) as a realm of contradiction: on the one hand a place, where positively perceived democratic change...
Book
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The search for wilderness as space and the possibility which it represents of more radical religious experiences comes in hand with Western culture, and has marked its development. The expressions of this are manifold, from voluntary reclusion or eremitical life to a secluded existence experienced within the shape of a community. The seek for solit...
Article
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Abstract Protected areas are needed to conserve nature and biodiversity worldwide. The province of Québec (Canada) recently established a large wilderness area affording significant habitat protection for boreal woodland caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou), a wide‐ranging species at risk. We describe a decision support framework combining ecologica...
Article
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How well can modern wearable eye trackers cope with head and body movement? To investigate this question, we asked four participants to stand still, walk, skip, and jump while fixating a static physical target in space. We did this for six different eye trackers. All the eye trackers were capable of recording gaze during the most dynamic episodes (...
Article
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This article re-examines the unintended consequences of American novelist and playwright Thornton Wilder’s lifelong passion for the work of James Joyce, as Wilder was writing what would become his second Pulitzer Prize winning play, The Skin of Our Teeth, while in the midst of ‘unriddling’ Joyce’s final novel, Finnegans Wake. Subsequently, accusati...
Article
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This essay analyzes the use of fire on Upland Island Wilderness Area (UIW) to examine how postindustrial wilderness sites rework operative notions of nature, wildness, and preservation within U.S. environmental thinking and politics. Postindustrial wilderness areas complicate conceptualizations of nature as pristine, unspoiled, or even beautiful, c...
Article
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Protecting “wilderness” and removing human involvement in “nature” was a core pillar of the modern conservation movement through the 20th century. Conservation approaches and legislation informed by this narrative fail to recognise that Aboriginal people have long valued, used, and shaped most landscapes on Earth. Aboriginal people curated open and...
Technical Report
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The North Coast and Cascades Network (NCCN) continued to implement the Network’s Landbird Monitoring Protocol in 2021, in partnership with The Institute for Bird Populations. The protocol was initially field-tested with data collected from the annual panel only, as part of protocol development during 2005–2006, and has subsequently been implemented...
Article
Full-text available
Due to ongoing global development and economic growth, ecosystem degradation has become a crucial issue for the environment and human health. Ecosystems are the basis of life itself! The natural ecosystems in the wilderness provide various products and are regions in which a number of vital ecological processes are present, without which human civi...
Article
Full-text available
Leaders in different times tried several attempts to deliver quality leadership. The assumption was that none of them yielded the expected results. It has been observed that many desired and aspired leadership out of a sense of being recognised, while others did so just to be above in decision making. These leaders wanted to satisfy their personal...
Preprint
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The objectives of the study is to develop the criteria for expert assesment of visual attractiveness of informal urban green spaces and compare results with indicators derived from spectral indexes and GIS data. The study area is Lublin in Poland, a medium-sized European city. Expert assessment includes: general assessment - defining overall attrac...