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Publications related to White Collar Crime (1,998)
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The stunning debacle in Bangladesh's stock market resulted from market manipulation, which left public investors with a serious loss of invested capital amid warning signals in the market before the crash. Bangladesh's stock market had faced a steep decline from 1996, though it began to recover in 2006; however, some miscreants traders made the who...
Article
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Judicial cooperation in criminal matters represents one of the novelties of criminal law in the European Union. The purpose of this work is to highlight the role that the EU judicial institutions have in the fight against the phenomenon of white collar crime. Knowing that only one institution is working very hard in the fight against a phenomenon t...
Article
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Investigations into forensic auditing may reveal or corroborate a variety of unlawful behaviours. If there is a chance that the evidence acquired will be utilised in court, a forensic audit is usually used instead of a regular audit. The forensic audit process is comparable to a standard financial audit in that it involves planning, obtaining evide...
Book
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White-collar crime touches our lives whether or not we are aware of its pervasiveness. Myths surrounding the corporate fraud offender profile persists impacting how organizations assess risk and how professionals approach fraud examination. This book debunks these myths by offer a multidisciplinary approach to understanding white-collar crime, orga...
Article
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Corruption, bribery, and white-collar crime are inherently relational phenomena as actors involved in them exchange information, resources, and favours. These exchanges give rise to a network in which the actors are embedded. While this has been often emphasized in the literature, there is a lack of studies actually empirically examining the struct...
Article
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COVID-19 ushered in a new pattern of social living as governments across the globe sought out ways to contain the spread of the viral pandemic. Notable among the measures adopted by the government of Nigeria is the lockdown policy. Following the Routine Activities theory, this study examined criminal victimization in Nigeria during the period of CO...
Article
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This study fills critical knowledge gaps into the organization of organ trade utilizing crime script analysis. Adopting a situational crime prevention approach, this article draws from law enforcement data to compare the crime commission process (activities, cast and locations) of 2 prosecuted organ trade cases: the Medicus case and the Netcare cas...
Article
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The imposition of the expiration date on the criminal act of corruption is still debatable whether it can enforce. The Corruption Eradication Act does not specifically regulate the expiration period, causing legal uncertainty and creating dualism of views on the application of the expiration period, which in turn has the potential to cause state fi...
Conference Paper
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White collar crimes in the context of commercial law primarily carry the structures of money laundering, capital market malpractices, terrorist financing and falsification of financial statements. As these cri mes pose a grave menace upon the economy of a country, Sri Lanka which is currently undergoing a massive economic crisis needs to pave its a...
Article
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Recently, the variety of the financial frauds have increased, while the number of victims became difficult to estimate. The purpose of this paper is to present the main profiles of financial frauds’ victims using a reviewing method. The analysis captures the main theoretical and empirical background regarding the motives and circumstances of becomi...
Article
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Previous research on corporate governance has extensively explored the motives of corporate fraud. However, this research has paid little attention to employees, the real executors of fraud, resulting in the psychological and behavioral decision-making process of employees who commit fraud in enterprises becoming a “black box” that has not yet been...
Article
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Transnationality, enabled by global processes and the rapid development of the Internet, has led to the creation of new dynamics of criminal activities, where cyberspace becomes a place, goal and mean of committing criminal activities. The aim of this paper is to present criminal activities related to crypto-assets in a coherent and concise way. Th...
Article
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Major food fraud scandals of the last decade have created awareness of the need to strengthen companies’ ability to combat fraud within their own organizations and across their supply chains. The scandals compelled food companies and the food industry as a whole to take action and to protect companies and industries against the threat of food fraud...
Article
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White-collar criminality continues to be a significant issue in countries with differing levels of economic development. This paper provides a comparative analysis of white-collar crime and crises through an examination of the recent peer-to-peer (P2P) online lending crash in China. It considers criminological findings from major United States cris...
Article
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Without doubt the importance of both whistleblowing and whistleblowing systems for discovering wrongdoing and breaches of rules is increasing. However, existing systems are not able to cope with the parallel increase in complexity. Complexity is reflected in ambiguous ethical standards, a broad spectrum of relevant actors, and an uncertain knowledg...
Cover Page
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This book introduces Catholic social teaching (CST) and its teaching on the common good to the reader and applies them in the realm of public health to critically analyze the major global issues of COVID-19 that undermine public interest. It uses the sociotheological approach that combines the moral principles of CST and the holistic analysis of mo...
Article
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Objectives We examine the extent to which the characteristics of offenders, the circumstance of offending, and offense characteristics affect public willingness to label an offense a “white-collar” crime.Methods We conducted a multidimensional factorial vignette survey hosted onAmazon’s Mechanical Turk. Participants (N = 2696) were randomly assigne...
Article
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Relatively little is known about the relations between psychopathic traits and interpersonally-directed versus organizationally-directed workplace behaviors despite the implications of these traits for maladaptive (e.g., bullying, harassing, white-collar crime, slacking) and adaptive (e.g., improving the workplace, supporting others) workplace beha...
Preprint
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Bribery is a specific form of corruption that assumes the voluntary giving of value for the purpose of influencing official duty for obtaining private benefits. According to the "sand the wheels" hypothesis, bribery is detrimental to economic development, investment and growth in the long run since it hinders fair competition and weakens the credib...
Article
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Objectives The first goal of the study was to investigate the willingness of former President Trump’s supporters to punish a particular form of white-collar crime (i.e., bank fraud). The second objective was to test whether the race of the person who committed the bank fraud influenced Trump supporters’ willingness to punish. Methods This study us...
Article
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Penipuan melalui media sosial saat ini sudah termasuk white collar crime (kejahatan kerah putih) yang artinya penipuan ini dilakukan oleh orang-orang yang menguasai atau ahli dalam menggunakan teknologi. Akibat yang ditimbulkan oleh pelaku penipuan melalui media sosial ini tentu menyebabkan banyaknya korban karena penipuan telah disusun dengan rapi...
Chapter
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Before campaigning to become president, Trump cultivated the public persona of a rule breaker entitled to violate laws that applied to everyone else. Trump’s ability to break rules with impunity was central to his appeal to the many Republican politicians and voters who sought access to the man’s celebrity and, later, his political power. Engaging...
Article
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Outlaw motorcycle gangs (OMGs) have received increased attention from both law enforcement agencies and the research community. This study investigates the criminal collaboration patterns of two OMGs with a long history of hostilities. We use government data on individuals registered as belonging to Hells Angels MC, Bandidos MC and individuals with...
Article
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Perceived self-efficacy is often held to be the most focal mechanism of human agency. It has shown strong potential to explain action in multiple areas highly relevant to understanding crime, at least when the concept is formulated in close connection with the conditions that characterize the criminal acts it is supposed to explain. This article in...
Article
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This study empirically investigates the relationship between perceived pressure, perceived opportunity, perceived rationalization, and fraud tendency in people’s trust at the individual level in Malaysia. The study adopted a case study that focuses on the Indigenous People’s Trust Fund (Majlis Amanah Rakyat, MARA), a trust body fully supported by M...
Article
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Flows of globalization are increasing rapidly and developments of information technology are increasingly stimulating the acceleration of economic dynamics. It takes personal co-operation to create a group collaboration for economic gain. The group is a group of businesses that do not have legal entities, as well businesses that already have incorp...
Article
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Money laundering is a leading factor in white-collar criminality, with a big effect upon Gross National Product of the Israeli and Moldova economies. Israel and Moldova have made the first steps In order to cope with money laundering phenomenon. The model of handling the phenomenon in the USA has been studied that constitutes a role model of fighti...
Article
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This paper's subject stems from the desire and need to deal with the widespread and grave phenomenon of Dark of Crime offences by law offenders, from a constitutional-legal standpoint. Economic Crime in Moldova, as everywhere in former Soviet republics, has risen dramatically since the fall of the Soviet Union. There are about 300 criminal groups a...
Article
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Employees in organizations cause damage to the organization due to self-deception in their work activities, such as white-collar crime
Article
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The unique, primary characteristic of white-collar criminality is that the media does not report these crimes in full and in detail as they report about street crimes, as the amount of theft has to be high, the theft needs to be related to some scandal or the suspect has to be someone important. Most people also do not possess of the financial know...
Article
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הערכה רווחת היא כי הנתונים המתפרסמים בסטטיסטיקות על פשיעת "צווארון לבן" כמו הלבנת הון, הונאה ומרמה מתארים רק את קצה הקרחון בחשיפה מזערית שעומדת על כשני אחוזים .נתון זה מכונה "הנתון האפל של הפשע". בבתי הכלא בישראל מרצים עונשם בגין עבירות צווארון לבן רק כ 150-200 עבריינים מתוך כ-20,000 אסירים. עבירות צווארון לבן הן מתוחכמות ושונות במהותן מפשעי "צוואר...
Article
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The fight against white-collar crime requires side judge to add to the head of the court, to increase justice and not only the law
Article
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Identifying members of terrorist organizations and preventing them from carrying out successful attacks is a core component of any anti-terrorism effort. If terrorist profiling is possible, it would be an irresistibly attractive method for countering terrorist attacks as it would maximize the efficiency of prophylactic resource allocation, increasi...
Article
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The purpose of the present article is to elaborate a valid method of forecasting of the potential offender during the hiring process by means of pre-employment tests as an integral part of the process of prevention and counteracting of the phenomenon of white-collar criminality in the realm of Penal Politics of the Republic of Moldova and the State...
Article
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The basic premise is that white-collar felons are making non-rational decisions. To our opinion, they are not making decisions according to a calculation of profit or loss from perpetration of a crime as it was stated earlier in the scientific literature. In relation to the above mentioned premises, an illegal behavior is an occasion of a white-col...
Article
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The distinction between white collar and blue collar crime is an important one for police and for criminologists. Most researchers had studied deterrence within the context of street crime, even less is known about the factors that relate to sanction threat perceptions for white-collar crime. Article examines differences between street crime and wh...
Book
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Lack of loyalty of employees to the organization due to self-deception, can lead to the phenomenon of white-collar crime in the organization
Book
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White collar crime in organizations because of employees self- deception
Article
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Identifying members of terrorist organizations and preventing them from carrying out successful attacks is a core component of any anti-terrorism effort. If terrorist profiling is possible, it would be an irresistibly attractive method for countering terrorist attacks as it would maximize the efficiency of prophylactic resource allocation, increasi...
Book
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SELF DECEPTION CAN LEAD TO WHITE COLLAR CRIME IN ORGANIZATIONS
Book
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WHITE COLLAR CRIME REDUCTION
Article
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Organized crime Lato sensu (that includes “traditional” organized crime, terrorism and organized economic crime) intervenes in the legal economy to make a profit, protect itself, its members and its assets from the authorities and establish relations, with a view to exchanging favours, with members of the world of politics, institutions and public...
Article
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Man is a social animal. He can adjust in society with the assistance of his fellow beings. The adjustment involves itself in various fields, that is, economic, social, and political. These adjustments imply coordination and cooperation. Everybody sought the assistance of society which would be rendered by it through its agency like religion, cus...
Article
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Self-Deception is "the continuation of human behavior with other means." It is a well-known and critical phenomenon while the definition is measurable state of the capability of an organization to overcome obstacles of the apparent misbehavior(even White Collar Crime) of workers and the organization survival as an employee's supply at any given tim...
Article
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The purpose of the present article is to elaborate a valid method of forecasting of the potential offender with pre-employment tests as an integral part of the process of prevention and counteracting of the phenomenon of white-collar criminality also from criminological point of view in the process of white-collar criminality reducing.
Article
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As the awareness and extent of white-collar crime increases, the number of prison inmates from the middle and upper classes can be expected to grow. However, existing scholarship on the imprisoned white-collar offenders has geographical and methodological limits, is of a predominantly explorative nature and often employs definitions focused on the...
Article
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Machiavellianism is one of the most studied dark traits, frequently predicting antisocial and immoral behaviors (e.g., cheating, white collar crimes). The MACH-IV is the most popular questionnaire to assess the construct. However, this measure presents some limitations that led researchers to propose two refined versions: The Two-Dimensional MACH-I...
Article
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The basic purpose of this paragraph is to formulate the concept and the origin of the white-collar crime, to explain the nature of white-collar criminality phenomenon, as well as the harmful nature of this criminal misdeed. White-collar crime impacts society in economic ways greater than other types of crime yet has been relatively neglected from a...
Article
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This paper examines border crossing corruption in Kurdistan in northern Iraq. Based on data obtained from key informants, government documents, peer review literature and grey literature, the study uncovered widespread white-collar fraud by criminals and corruption in all four formal, and all five informal, border crossings in Kurdistan. These crim...
Article
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p> White-collar crime is a type of crime that involves a large number of individuals, is carried out in a structured, large-scale manner, and results in significantly greater losses than conventional crimes. Given the growing number of organizations, the potential for white-collar crime is currently reasonably high. Corporations are able to commit...
Article
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This paper scrutinized the nexus between forensic auditing and fraud management using Pabod Breweries, Port Harcourt, Nigeria as a case study. The primary data employed in the study were sourced from staff of the Pabod Breweries using questionnaires. Percentage and Pearson correlation were the techniques of analysis used in the study. The results o...
Article
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Planned obsolescence is the practice of deliberately designing products to limit their life span to encourage replacement. It is a common business strategy for consumer goods, with far-reaching ecological and social consequences. Here, we examine the definition, causes and consequences of planned obsolescence by using insights from corporate crime...
Article
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White collar crime refers to the crimes committed by the people engaged in white collar jobs. This category of crime is often called as crime of elites i.e. rich and dominant people carrying higher social status. It has become a global phenomenon due to the recent and rapid development in science and technology and commerce as well. It is not only...
Article
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In the present scenario, there has been tremendous increase in the Financial Frauds, White Collar Crimes, and Professional Negligence etc. due to flourishing businesses and diversified operations. Recent Accounting frauds and requirement of transparency as well as governance gives the rise to the need of Forensic Accounting in the Corporate Sector....
Conference Paper
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Over the years computer based financial crimes have been on a rise. With increase in white collar crimes taking place in the country there is a need for accountability. Forensic accounting is a subject determining frauds and analysing whether accounting transactions are in unison with the legal requirements as well as with the standards of accounti...
Article
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There has been a transformation in the number and the scope of criminal laws relating to forms of market misconduct. Surprisingly, however, this area of criminal law is not one that has been systematically explored in recent writing about criminalisation. However, concepts such as white-collar crime, or financial crime, which are widely used to des...
Chapter
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In recent years, banks, police agencies and even insurance companies have increased the use of experts from forensic accounting field. The increase in white collar crime and the difficulties faced by enforcement agencies in uncovering fraud have increased the importance of this profession. In the coming near future, forensic accounting may evolve a...
Article
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This article explored the pathways of women in South Africa into crim-inality. Using in-depth interviews, eleven women ex-offenders and women parolees, who were incarcerated in South African correctional centres, recounted experiences from their life histories which influenced their criminal offending. Some shared life histories of the participants...
Article
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The law of wrongdoing has been as old as the civilization itself. There was no criminal law in ignoble society. "A tooth for a tooth, it for tat, a life for a life" was the precursor of criminal equity. As the general public created wrongdoing likewise expanded. Presently with the progression of science and innovation more up to date type of guilti...
Preprint
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We developed a simple mathematical model to describe criminality and the justice system composed of the police investigation and court trial. The model assessed two features of organized crime -- the cost-benefit analysis done by the crime-susceptible to commit a crime and the whistleblowing of the law offenders. The model was formulated considerin...
Article
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Historically, scholarship on corporate leadership focused on positive attributes of what is commonly referred to as authentic leadership that is leadership displaying traits of integrity, competence, and charisma. However due to past and present corporate scandals, scholarship has focused some attention to psychopathic corporate leadership that dis...
Book
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This open access book is the first attempt to elaborate the formalization phase of banking supervision in eight developed countries—USA, Japan, Sweden, Germany, Switzerland, Belgium, France, and UK. This innovative study in the field of banking supervision history identifies why national histories of banking supervision share similarities, but also...
Article
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For long, the term Economic Offences is being used with ambiguity particularly while discussing and explaining White Collar Crimes. These offences have a vast ambit with clear and well defined distinction from Traditional Offences and White Collar Crimes. A deeper study can give clear disposition with regard to these offences. The present Paper mak...
Conference Paper
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From the beginning of 2020, the emergence and spread of Covid-19 has very astonishing implications for almost the entire world population. During increasingly complicated global conditions, there is a tremendous need to respond. However, it turned out that there were acts of abuse of authority by government officials. Using a research strategy thro...
Article
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Healthcare fraud is an expensive, white-collar crime in the United States, and it is not a victimless crime. Costs associated with fraud are passed on to the population in the form of increased premiums or serious harm to beneficiaries. There is an intense need for digital healthcare fraud detection systems to evolve in combating this societal thre...
Article
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The subject of the presented research is the criminal law on punishment and other measures of criminal law applied in Great Britain and the United States to persons who have been found guilty of committing economic crimes. Purpose of the study: to present scientifically grounded proposals on the advisability of including in the Russian criminal law...
Article
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In an insightful contrast with traditional justice systems, this article describes how restorative mediation has been found to bring attention, apart from the conflict, also to the victim, who typically remains in the background. Especially in case of the white-collar crimes, which cause economic and social damages, restorative mediation can help w...
Chapter
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Without addressing economic violence there is no long term stability and prosperity. It took a while for international community to recognize this interconnection. Transitional justice policies and mechanism often disregarded this phenomenon that led to sometimes serious consequences including existence of organized corruption. This term is not int...
Book
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After an introduction to the topic of cartels with an interdisciplinary focus, the paper addresses two questions concerning antitrust policy. Does competition law with the leniency program offer an instrument that efficiently deters cartels? To answer this question, a comparison of the existing leniency policy with a systematic review of empirical...
Article
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Corruption crimes which are categorized as extraordinary crimes and white-collar crimes, in an effort to prove the case, sometimes require unusual efforts, including electronic evidence in the form of wiretapping results that can be used to prove cases in court. The formulation of the problems presented are: (1) How is the legal certainty of the pr...
Thesis
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La presente investigación mediante una Arqueología Jurídica aborda la problemática de la falta de conocimiento sobre los orígenes del poder punitivo en los Estados Preincas e Inca, desde la Criminología Cautelar (problema). Frente a este problema, respondemos a la siguiente pregunta o enunciado de investigación: ¿Cómo es el origen y los caracteres...
Article
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Money laundering is a crime that always exists, and recently there have been massive cases in Indonesia, related technological and social advances are factors that cause money laundering crimes. Money laundering has continued to develop since the past until now the government is trying to follow up the law on money laundering, so it is important fo...
Chapter
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Understanding the links and similarities between white-collar crime and terrorist use of criminal enterprise to self-finance and operate is a critical passage when establishing the efforts and methods to counter such threat. The purpose of this chapter is to identify and describe the relationship between white-collar crimes and terrorism and to det...
Article
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The article touches upon the problem of white collar criminality and presents a contemporary view of the phenomenon. The concept of white-collar crime, first introduced by Edwin H. Sutherland in 1939, immediately became the driving force behind the discussion undertaken by criminologists and sociologists of that time. Since then, many studies have...
Article
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Rural-related corruption in China manifests itself differently in terms of different forms and intensity over time. The preliminary findings indicate that rural-related corruption in China is a particular type of white-collar crime. It embraces a mixed dimension of political crime, economic crime, corporate crime, environmental crime, and crimes wi...
Article
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Corruption is a crime that is difficult to eradicate because the perpetrators of corruption usually have a strong economic and political position so that corruption is classified as a white-collar crime, crimes as business, economic crimes, official crime, and abuse of power. The purpose of this research is to know the urgency of providing legal pr...
Thesis
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This study analyses how museums avoid the regulations and restrictions on acquiring antiquities through active non-compliance of the internal and external collections policies. The illicit nature of the antiquities market has long been a topic of discussion among archaeologists and criminologists, the role museums play in the illicit market has som...
Article
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This review article discusses and acknowledges the impact of white-collar crime under the harsh situations of the second outburst of COVID-19. The COVID-19 has imposed unendurable nationwide restrictions on our daily routine and development. The pandemic heavily impacted the economic balance of our country, i.e., India, which resulted in an economi...
Article
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The study of crime and criminality in the art market has received increasing attention within criminology, however little has been written on the criminogenic values built into the structure of the art market. Despite increasing legislation to counteract instances of money laundering and fraud, the legal governance of the art market brings such amb...
Article
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The aim of this paper is to show the factors influencing fraud committed by insurance employees, especially those identified as leaders, because a good knowledge of the personality traits of potential perpetrators and their motives can help identify fraud and be put to good use by everyone working on fraud detection. The subject of this paper is a...
Article
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Banking transactions in Indonesia have experienced very rapid development in line with the need for financing in the real sector. However, along with this rapid development, fraud is still a classic problem in the banking sector. The research aimed to empirically prove the effect of professional commitment, moral courage, idealism, and altruistic v...
Article
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Neutralisation theory suggests that wrongdoers will rationalise their wrongdoing in such a way that allows them to maintain their views of themselves as moral law-abiding people. Though regularly applied since it first emerged as an aspect of differential association theory, it has rarely been extended beyond its original conceptualisation. Moreove...
Book
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Black money and financial crime are emerging global phenomena. During the last few decades, corrupt financial practices were increasingly being monitored in many countries around the globe. Among a large number of problems is a lack of general awareness about all these issues among various stakeholders including researchers and practitioners. The...
Article
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This article examines shoplifting from department stores and variety chain stores in interwar America and Britain. Patterns of shoplifting show strong similarities—with stores facing a predominantly female, and disproportionately affluent, army of amateur shoplifters, together with a much smaller corps of professional thieves. The incidence and cha...
Article
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White-collar crime issues involving Muslim workers are now a worrying phenomenon. Muslim workers like to lose the principles of Islamic values that should be the main tenet in life, including in performing their duties and responsibilities in the institution. In overcoming this, the aspect of application and understanding of Islamic values among Mu...
Article
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This article presents a response to the work of A.S. Alexandrov and I.A. Alexandrova entitled «Proceduralstrategy for the development of criminal law in the XXI century». These authors state the decline of the Russian doctrine of criminal law, characterized by its «archaism» and the impossibility of rejecting «dogmas». They offered a very original...
Chapter
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In 2010 the U.S. Supreme Court banned restrictions on corporation investment in politics and political parties, funds no longer to be regarded as ‘dark money’, but as a “form of free speech protected under the first amendment” (U.S. Supreme Court, 2010). As expected, the vast majority of the American public disagreed, as had those who previously tr...
Article
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The aim of this paper is the analysis of illegal trade on social networks as one form of the shadow economy. This activity of unregistered business entities under certain conditions meets criteria for several criminal offences prescribed in the Criminal Code of the Republic of Serbia. Beside the crime of illegal trade, this activity could include c...
Article
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Organized crime is a financial crime because its objective is profit or other material gain. The provision of illicit goods and services dominates organized crime profit making. Sometimes an organized crime offense is directed at power or intimidation (in cases such as racketeering or extortion), but these actions are designed to ensure the surviva...
Article
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Ample official evidence exists that the Trump administration was the most corrupt in modern American history. Donald Trump’s overall pattern of behavior not only resembled, but amplified that of major white-collar criminals. This paper has two main foci. First, it argues that government criminality and corruption were facilitated by rationales and...
Article
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Despite calls for utilizing white-collar and corporate crime frameworks to study corruption, the role of corporations in supplying bribes to foreign government officials is not well understood. In the current study, we draw upon a recent framework designed to examine the transnational corporate bribery process from an opportunity theory perspective...
Article
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The paper discusses the requirements of International Standards on Auditing (ISA) for the identification and assessment of the distortions of financial statements based on the criminological characteristics of fraud. It is found that ISAs, in considering the management's misconduct by the auditor, propose to be guided by the fraud triangle, which i...
Article
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The authors have analyzed the facts inherent in the equitable right that can lead to abuse of law. It has been emphasized that the legal literature has no single approach to the definition of the term of “law abuse”. However, there is a number of factors that influence the existence of such a specific phenomenon as “law abuse”. Attention has been...
Article
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RESUMEN: La problemática de la responsabilidad penal o administrativa de las personas jurídicas y el estudio de los programas de compliance penal son cuestiones de creciente interésen la literatura jurídica hispanoamericana. El análisis de estos tópicos, sin embargo, es frecuentemente abordado desde una perspectiva dogmática que deja de lado el aná...
Article
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Full text Open Access for this article available: https://rdcu.be/b3NNA This is the untold history of how prominent civil servants in the UK tailored US-devised anti-money laundering (AML) policies in ways that suited the needs of Britain’s financial services industry. In the aftermath of these initial compromises in 1987, criminal money managers...
Article
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Organized crime and white-collar crime have the same objective, but only one of them dominates the public narrative. It is time to change that perception. We fear the former and complain only occasionally about the latter. The takeaway is that organized crime is not restricted to the activities of criminal syndicates. The interests of the powerful...
Article
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Contract cheating is a significant problem, both within and outside the academy. Responses have largely focused on punitive consequences for tertiary students, and in 2019 the Australian Federal Government proposed legislation that would formally criminalise contract cheating both for the buyer and the seller. Although contract cheating has the hal...