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Publications related to Western Balkans (5,361)
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Conference Paper
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The study offered a theoretical, conceptual, and observational examination of the Russian "sharp power," hybrid threats, religious and ideological catalysts, fertile ground, and existences concerning the Western Balkans, with a significant focus on Bosnia and Herzegovina - B&H. B&H is the most fragile Western Balkan state, and several causes condit...
Conference Paper
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his article tries to give orthodox perspective on war and peace. Following the directives which established by orthodox theologians: Stanley Harakas and Emmanuel Clapsis, we tend to improve that Orthodox Christianity exclusively is for pro-peace engagement in society and not support thesis on just war but more to look upon the war as necessity or l...
Article
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Abstract: The outcome of the dialogue between Kosovo and Serbia determines in many ways peace and stability in the Balkans and the process of integration of the western Balkans in the EU. The dialogue and the solution of the dispute between these countries becomes especially important under the situation of the potential aggression of Russia agains...
Conference Paper
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The aim of this article is to expose the role of religion in the process of transitional justice. Surely religion is very important for prolonging peace not only with its teachings but through the work of its faith-based activists on the ground, especially in territories where conflicts happened. After a short exposition on the history of conflict...
Article
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Food losses and waste (FLW) is considered a critical issue in the ongoing debate on the sustainability of agri-food systems. However, the scholarly literature on FLW is still geographically-biased, with more attention devoted to developed countries, even in Europe. In this context, this article analyses the state of research on FLW in the Western B...
Article
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As front runners in the EU accession process, Serbia and Montenegro have failed to control corruption yet managed to advance along the path to EU integration. Although they have stronger state capacity compared to other Western Balkan countries, the two have recently reverted to previous poor governance practises after initial headway meeting EU go...
Conference Paper
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In the frame of the project Reconnecting universities and enterprises to unleash regional innovation and entrepreneurial activity-KnowHub, co-financed by the European Union through the Erasmus+ programme, two weeks STEM (Self)employment Bootcamp concept has been developed and piloted. The target group is STEM students from all three cycles of terti...
Article
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This introductory essay situates the papers in this Thematic Section within the background of social policy development in the Western Balkans during the long period of transition following the break-up of former Yugoslavia. We identify three stages of transformation of social protection policies. The first, in the 1990s, was characterised by a con...
Article
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Monitoring of inflation rate dynamics is one of the most important tasks in order to identify the current economic conditions of the observed countries. The aim of this study is to examine the unit root properties of inflation in the Western Balkan countries. It also investigates the existence of structural breaks and nonlinearity. The time horizon...
Article
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2022). The effect of year and genotype on productivity and quality of potato.-Genetika, Vol 54, No.2, 649-676. Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is characterized by specific temperature requirements and develops best at about 20°C. High temperatures during the growing season cause an array of changes in potato plants, which affect its development and m...
Article
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This paper aims to present a benchmarking framework for short- and long-term risk of enterprises in emerging markets that seek integration in global value chains. The benchmark instrument aims in particular to assess short- and long-term risk based on accounting data and estimations of key financial ratios for enterprises located in the Western Bal...
Chapter
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The EU’s conventional enlargement policy has run its course. Yet the Union must prepare itself to take fuller responsibility for the wider neighbourhood. A new category of affiliate membership would suit both the Union’s western and eastern neighbours, allowing for an upgrade of all the current association agreements and privileged participation in...
Chapter
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The European Union and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization are two international or-ganisations (IOs) with common values, similar strategic interests and a majority of member states in common. Ever since their creation the two organisations have had a close relation-ship which, over time and after the establishment of the EU’s ESDP/CSDP, evolved...
Article
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The common and main strategic goal of all Western Balkan States is integration into the European Union. Therefore, the transition of the Western Balkan region, as in the case with other Central European transition countries, must be seen as a part of the European integration process. The aim of this research is to tests whether income convergence e...
Article
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This study introduces a comparative framework to understand patriarchal genealogies and technologies, with reference to an anthropological commentary concerning the broader forms of coloniality of power between dominant male and dominated female bodies in Greece, the Balkans, and the Caucasus. It argues that the patterns of patrilineality, practice...
Thesis
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The internationalization of national economies due to the growing role of international trade and the desire of countries for more active participation in international economic flows requires engagement in finding ways for more efficient access and a more active role of domestic industry in global supply and value chains. At the same time, continu...
Poster
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Caves of Zospeum’s Eastern Alpine and Dinaride range have historically been unevenly sampled such that the northern half of the distribution is richly represented by shells in certain European museum collections while that of the southernmost, Croatian and Western Balkan extension is hardly known. Up to now, only one southern Dinaride species has b...
Article
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Seed germination traits were assessed on Pinus heldreichii H. Christ, a Tertiary relict, high-elevation Mediterranean pine, endemic in the western Balkan Peninsula and southern Italy; it is naturally grown at the northern Greece mountains, but also found in shrubby form above the timberline. Closed and mature cones were collected (October) for thre...
Conference Paper
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Consumption is the act of using resources to satisfy current needs and desires , and also a key concept in economics. Economists are particularly interested in the relation between consumption and income, as it is modeled on the function of consumption. A similar structurally realistic picture can be found in consumption theory, which sees the Fish...
Article
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The aim of the present study was to analyze the chemical composition of parsley, parsnip, carrot, and celeriac cultivated at different localities (urban, or suburban/village). The concentrations of heavy metals (cadmium, nickel, chromium) and essential elements (potassium, sodium, calcium, phosphorus) in edible plant parts were determined. Human he...
Article
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Bursinia genei (Dufour, 1849) is the most widespread species of the planthopper subfamily Orgeriinae (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Dictyopharidae) in Europe, found from the Iberian Peninsula to the Western Balkans. However, its diagnostically important genitalia and biology have been insufficiently described. We employ state-of-the-art synchrotron X-r...
Article
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Enlargement of the EU towards the Western Balkans in the light of the Treaty of Lisbon, in fact is the European Union geopolitics going? it is not quite simple, even extremely complex. This is because the reanalysis of these dimensions under the external or internal impact that seriously considers the fundamental concepts of the enlargement of the...
Article
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The main objective of this research is to determine and analyze the impact of labor market management and financing in Kosovo, with a particular emphasis on labor market financing in the age group 18–24 years in Kosovo. In order to enrich this paper, a field survey was conducted, and the data were analyzed using comparative and empirical analysis....
Technical Report
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CSOs 1 have been alarmed by the increasing threat of violent right-wing extremism (VRWE) and the possible evolution of the "normalisation" of non-violent right-wing extremism (RWE) and its inseparable trait-ethno-nationalism both in the Western Balkans (WBs) and in the EU. The potential of RWE to exacerbate political conflict and turn into VRWE has...
Article
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This paper analyzes the relationship of macroeconomic factors to the level of non-performing loans (NPLs) using the econometric models GMM, the Fixed Effect model, and the Random Effect model. This study aims to identify macroeconomic factors at the level of non-performing loans in the Western Balkans, measure their impact on non-performing loans,...
Article
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The paper analyzes the normative-formative framework that denotes the connection between memory and identity as a crucial origin of conflicts. In addition to concerns about memory politics, historical revisionism and ethnonational identity collectivism, the paper dissolves the connection between phenomena highlighting outcomes of the peace process,...
Article
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The progress of Western Balkan countries has been influenced by similar factors of a political, social, and geographical nature. Their recent transition into a functional market economy has brought economic growth, but it is accompanied by negative phenomena as well. Stimulating economic development, gender equality, urbanization, human development...
Article
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This study analyzes the connectedness of income inequality, governance, and key macroeconomic factors in the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) and Western Balkans (WB). Using data from 2006 to 2019, we measure spillover connectedness in the economies due to shocks to (a) inequality, (b) governance, and (c) key macroeconomic factors. Contra...
Article
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This paper aims to elaborate on the possibilities that increased regional integration initiatives can have in boosting mutual trade among the countries in the Western Balkans region, such as: creating a Regional Economic Area by 2023; the creation of a Common Regional Market based on EU rules in the period 2021-2024 and the initiative "Open Balkan"...
Article
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The objective of this study is to offer an empirical valuation of the relationship between external debt and economic growth in the Western Balkan (WB) countries, focusing specifically on the countries like Albania, Kosovo and North Macedonia, combined with other WB countries like Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Serbia. The empirical model p...
Thesis
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This thesis answers the question to what extent the government of Zdravko Krivokapić in Montenegro was capable of dissolving the state capture that was erected under the almost 30-years lasting rule of Milo Đukanović and his Democratic Party of Socialists (DPS), as it announced as its goal. For this purpose, the ruling system of the DPS is first co...
Article
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The closure of educational and cultural institutions during the COVID-19 pandemic has led to changes in the traditional teaching model and the transition to online teaching. Since access to textbooks and professional literature was significantly difficult in completely new conditions, the resources of information and communication technologies were...
Book
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In 2000 Bulgaria introduced a social health insurance (SHI) scheme managed by a single purchasing agency, the National Health Insurance Fund (NHIF). Since then several reforms have aimed to enhance the financial stability of the health system and improve access and financial protection for people. While there has been progress in some areas, the he...
Article
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The authors of this study analyzed the economic and social advantages and limitations of working from (at) home in four countries of the Western Balkans
Article
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In 1991, the European Union decided on setting up a liberalized and single railway market. However, in the atomized European region, more than a half of railways can be designated as small railways. For the very reason of significant differences between the national railway systems, the EU legislation has laid broad grounds for track access charge...
Book
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At the end of 2020, a research group was established within the Mádl Ferenc Institute of Comparative Law in Budapest. The group was formed with the purpose of studying the practice of constitutional courts in six Central and Eastern European countries (including the decisions related to international law) and the relevant decisions of the referred...
Article
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Private consumption is considered one of the main drivers of economic growth in Western Balkan countries. The main aim of this study is to estimate the impact of private consumption on the economic growth of the Western Balkans, including the North Macedonia, Kosovo, Albania, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Serbia. Housing wealth was even t...
Article
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This research aims to provide an empirical assessment of the relationship between fiscal policy sustainability factors, like fiscal deficit and economic growth in the Western Balkan countries and East European Union Countries, using panel-level data for the yearly time span from 2000-2021. The empirical model provides the impact of fiscal deficit,...
Article
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Introduction: Considering the geopolitical changes in the six Western Balkan countries-Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia and Serbia-over the last three decades, particularly as it concerns the progress and changes in the healthcare systems, we argue that there is a need for a detailed analysis of people's trust i...
Article
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Electric vehicles (EVs) are predicted to be a major part of Europe's future mobility framework and the amount of electricity used by them, influenced by variations in the average driving habits, in conjunction with the local energy mix, will have a significant effect on the local GHG (Greenhouse gasses) emissions footprint. Seeing as the Western Ba...
Article
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The third wave of autocratisation began globally at some point in the 1990s. In the Western Balkans it became a clear pattern in the 2010s. The vast majority of democracies emerged during the three waves of democratisation. By analysing the annual reports of Freedom House and reviewing the relevant scholarly analyses, the author identifies the earl...
Article
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The policies related to the expansion of membership in the European Union, and the partnership policies in general, are among the most important foreign policy tools of the Union, as the latter seeks to use this policy as an alternative to military force in order to impose its authority in the areas that are a priority from the European point of vi...
Conference Paper
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The problem of air pollution has serious negative implications on the environment, as well as the health of citizens in the region of Western Balkans. Inadequate approach and negligence of authorities have resulted in the Western Balkans being one of the regions with highest disease and death rate associated with air pollution in Europe. Some of th...
Article
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The paper presents a theoretical, analytical, and ethical examination of B&H political economy, Constitutional "protection of vital national interests," and its effects on human security- socioeconomic conditions. The phenomenon of vital national interest and a theoretical and practical question focused on a constitutionally conditioned political p...
Article
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The study analyzes B&H's historical, religious, ideological, and political contests, its post-war integrity, the EU path, and the "majority Muslim European country" paradigm. First, the paper argues that ethnoreligious polarization, political radicalism, and the secessionist processes influence conflict transformation, sociopolitical stagnation, an...
Article
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In the 1990s, international organisations established close ties with the countries of the Western Balkans to help create stable and prosperous democratic countries and support them on the road to integration into the EU and NATO. The aim of this article is, through methods of analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, generalisation and comparison...
Article
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The main purpose of this paper is to develop possible scenarios for reducing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in Serbia by switching from coal-fired to natural gas-fired electricity generation by the end of 2050. Accordingly, the challenges are to establish scenarios and identify measures that are best suited to all Western Balkan countries. In parti...
Conference Paper
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Recently, the WEF's Energy Transition Index 2021 ranked Albania as the best in the Western Balkan region, taking the 25 th spot in a global rank. Indeed, the development of the energy sector has been a vital priority, and any government has continued encouraging foreign capital to enter the energy sector. A policy, which has been materialized, in g...
Book
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Accurate and complete environmental information is at the basis of sustainable development. This report summarises for the first time the status of air, climate, water and soil in the Western Balkans (WB), describing current knowledge as of 2021 and gaps with respect to the EU aquis in order to a) benchmark the progress during the accession process...
Article
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Intermittent rivers, lotic habitats that cease to flow during the dry periods of the year, make up a large proportion of the world’s inland waters and are an important source of water in arid regions such as the Mediterranean. Yet, water resources and riparian habitats in the Mediterranean regions are under diverse anthropogenic pressures, includin...
Technical Report
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This policy article presents a study conducted as part of my Marie Sklodowska-Curie research project “Southeast Europe’s emerging growth advocates: Domestic firms, technology and economic governance in institutionally weak states - SEEGROW”. SEEGROW analyses processes related to the economic integration of the Western Balkans from the perspective o...
Conference Paper
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This paper gives, firstly, an overview of the Western Balkans. Then it considers challenges facing Serbia. Already at the end of the 1980 during the period of the former Yugoslavia Serbia started the transition to a market economy. In the 1990s, however, Serbia experienced the disintegration of the Yugoslav Federation and ethnic conflicts as well a...
Article
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The student population includes young adults who need nutrition and regular physical activity (PA) for mental, cognitive, and physical development. It is estimated that, globally, only 25–40% of the university student population is involved in regular PA. To date, no research has been conducted in the Western Balkans to address the PA of medical st...
Article
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Purpose. The purpose of this study is to identify the causes of economic policy failure in general and agricultural policy failures in Albania in particular. At the same time, the very concept of policy failure is a matter of our interest. To achieve our goal, we have conducted a basic literature review. The most important aspect of interest in the...
Article
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The paper investigates predictors of information and communications technology (ICT) usage in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) among European Union member states-developed countries (EU-28)-and the Western Balkans developing countries (WB-5) in the period 2010-2018. It aims to suggest measures for the improvement of ICT usage among SMEs in...
Article
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This article focuses on the impact that the conflict in Ukraine have had in the Western Balkans integration process in the European Union.
Article
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The EU enlargement policy requires creation of the new institutional organization, alignment of legal acts, increasing capacities of administration in the candidate countries. In relation to the Western Balkans the conditionality has an increased focus on good governance criteria, particularly maintenance of the rule of law, an independent judiciar...
Technical Report
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Environmental activism in the Western Balkans. Research analysis.
Article
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A comprehensive field survey of 527 sites on 293 watercourses across Croatia revealed 76 sites (14.42%) in which bryophytes were the dominant part of the macrophyte vegetation. Using classification and ordination analyses, we obtained five community types segregated across the gradients of several climatic, physiographic and water chemistry paramet...
Conference Paper
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This paper reflects main results of a research into the legal context underlying current efforts in the Western Balkan (WB) region to develop new energy sources from harnessing of the hydropower potential of their transboundary watercourses. After a brief historical insight into the importance of reliability of the international law rules applicabl...
Article
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Albeit rich in a number of taxa, flora of Orchidaceae in Bosnia and Herzegovina has not been sufficiently studied. The paper presents distribution of ten rare and threatened orchid taxa in the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Serapias bergonii and Himantoglossum calcaratum subsp. rumelicum are new for Bosnia and Herzegovina, while for other stu...
Chapter
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Modernization is a broad socioeconomic and institutional process that essentially consists of comprehensive reforms that enable the transition from a traditional to modern society. Following the developed countries of Western Europe, from the beginning of the 20th century, the process began to extend to the countries of the Western Balkans and Alba...
Conference Paper
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The aim of this research is to identify a correlation link between Greenfield FDI inflows and GDP growth rate in Western Balkan countries compared to the Visegrad States in order to give relevant implications towards sustainable economic development in less developed countries of Western Balkans. The authors present descriptive analysis together wi...
Article
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This paper presents the physicochemical characteristics and antioxidative, antibacterial and antiproliferative effects of nineteen samples of different honey types (acacia, linden, heather, sunflower, phacelia, basil, anise, sage, chestnut, hawthorn, lavender and meadow) collected from different locations in the Western Balkans (Republic of Serbia,...
Article
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The aim of this paper is to replicate an existing study using the Generalized Method of Moments on the impact of ICT penetration (Mobile Phone and Internet) in Western Balkan countries on environmental sustainability through changing CO2 emissions for the period 2000–2015. A two-step system GMM method is used to handle both endogeneity of the indep...
Article
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Humor styles refer to the everyday use of humor, varying across self-enhancing, affiliative, aggressive and self-defeating styles, entailing differences in focus on the self vs. other as well as between being adaptive vs. maladaptive. We validated the instrument devised to capture these differences, the Humor Styles Questionnaire (HSQ; Martin et al...
Conference Paper
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This paper analyses Gender Responsive Budgeting in Local Government. Local government budgets have the potential to highly influence the lives of their constituencies and ensure that the needs and priorities of all are represented in their policies and budgets. Existing literature agrees that this can happen when budgetary processes are legally cle...
Article
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The Logistics Performance Index (LPI) performed by the World Bank is an indicator of the logistics environment quality of a country in which logistics operators act. The LPI is an interactive tool designed to help countries identify challenges, innovative solutions, and opportunities they face in their work in the field of trade and logistics. The...
Article
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The aim of this paper was to identify the nature of hybrid threats posed by Russia in Bosnia and Herzegovina and, subsequently, to identify to what extent the Kremlin is successful in destabilising the political situation in this country. For this purpose, disciplined interpretative case study was employed. This study is primarily based on four exp...
Article
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From the very beginning of the 21st century, the European Union took measures to develop a common security framework for critical infrastructure protection and to harmonize measures and standards between states. European critical infrastructures should be determined from the national critical infrastructure, which implies the regulations / rules fo...
Article
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Montenegro and Serbia are on track to join the EU, followed by other Western Balkan countries. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate these countries’ economic integration maturity. The analysis covers the period between 2006 and 2019. The main questions concern the evolution of Western Balkan countries during the last 15 years, the results th...
Article
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In today’s international environment in which states are trying to establish their influence, culture and education must be seen as instruments of soft power. The cultural dimension is as fundamental as economic and political cooperation, but the importance of cooperation in the education sector, which is also an accessible form of the country’s in...
Article
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Scaling the summit for women’s rights: From local to global and global to local (p.21) Bandana Rana Finding your voice and identity for many women in South Asia, including Nepal, is like climbing Mt. Everest, the highest peak in the world—not an easy task with deeply embedded patriarchal values and gender norms. Violence against women, particularly...
Article
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Background Women's happiness and life satisfaction, often summarized as subjective wellbeing, are of great value for most individuals and are associated with various determinants. The countries of the Western Balkan are of particular interest after the political changes in the nineties. Are the women satisfied with their lives today? Methods We us...
Book
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The 28th scientific conference "Technology, Culture and Development" discussed, for the fifteenth time, topics that are within the general context of the conference "Western Balkan countries on the road to the European Union", because in 2007 it was decided to keep this context. until all the Western Balkans countries become members of the EU, not...
Article
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Food production systems are undergoing a structural transformation towards a sustainable resilient state, offering opportunities for economic benefits, employment creation, and enhanced food safety and security. Governing this sustainability transition is a complex process which calls for interventions at all policy levels, including higher educati...