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Well-Being - Science topic

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Publications related to Well-Being (10,000)
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Research Proposal
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Dear Colleagues, Industrial production requires the use of many and very diverse technologies, equipment and raw materials to be able to convert raw materials into products ready for consumption. The entire production process must be carried out under supervision. The choice of all technological and operational needs must follow fairly rigorous st...
Chapter
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In this chapter of my book "Moral Choices for Our Future Selves", I elaborate and defend a normative theory for regulating the individual’s relationship between her diachronic selves (i.e., her earlier and later selves): the Moral Theory of Prudence in diachronic self-regarding decisions. The theory consists of three principles. The first is the pr...
Article
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The Gallup World Poll was used to develop a global index of anti-immigrant xenophobia. The data were collected in 151 countries between 2016 and 2020. Results suggest that xenophobia has stronger associations with cultural variables (e.g., power distance and allocentrism) and well-being variables (e.g., eudaimonic well-being and positive affect) th...
Preprint
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The COVID-19 pandemic has brought an unprecedented upheaval to higher education. The requirement to move instruction online within a very short time frame, having to get to grips with new digital tools and develop compatible and effective pedagogical practices, combined with the realization that many students were left struggling, and compounded by...
Article
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Teachers’ well-being is important for the optimal functioning of schools and educational systems. Contextual and individual factors influencing teachers’ work-related well-being have been identified but rarely investigated concurrently. This study examined contributions of school climate and job crafting to teacher well-being. Time-lagged survey da...
Article
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Background: Physical activity during midlife (ages 45-64) plays a major role in the prevention of chronic and serious medical conditions. Unfortunately, many midlife adults struggle to be physically active in the setting of low levels of psychological well-being and the management of multiple confluent sources of stress. Effective, scalable, midli...
Article
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The influence of rural tourism on the socio-economic well-being of indigenous people is often ignored in scholarly literature. To address this gap in the literature, a qualitative case study research design was used to gain insights into how tourism strategies had over the years influenced the economic wellbeing of indigenous people living within t...
Article
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What would it mean to consider research in the sport sciences as a sustainable practice? Taking a step back, in such a context, what would sustainability even mean? The time is ripe to address such questions, and what we lay out here are our initial thoughts on this most contemporary of issues. We start by exploring what is meant by the term ‘susta...
Article
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Background This study aimed to identify fit-for-purpose clinical outcome assessments (COAs) to evaluate physical function, as well as social and emotional well-being in clinical trials enrolling a pediatric population with achondroplasia. Qualitative interviews lasting up to 90 min were conducted in the US with children/adolescents with achondropla...
Article
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Parkinson’s disease (PD) lacks sensitive, objective, and reliable measures for disease progression and response. This presents a challenge for clinical trials given the multifaceted and fluctuating nature of PD symptoms. Innovations in digital health and wearable sensors promise to more precisely measure aspects of patient function and well-being....
Article
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Background: Specialization in medical professions is considered a challenging and intensive period due to the number and sequence of duty hours. Considering the effect of duty hours on residents, both physically and mentally, several models have been created over the years to address this complexity. The two main model schools aim to decrease the...
Article
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Internet of Things (IoT) technology is prosperous for the betterment of human well-being. With the expeditious needs of miniature functional devices and systems for adaptive optics and light manipulation at will, relevant sensing techniques are thus in the urgent stage of development. Extensive developments in ultrathin artificial structures, namel...
Article
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The National Institutes of Health’s Asian American, Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander Health Scientific Interest Group (NIH AANHPI-HSIG) provides a viewpoint on developing approaches to enhance research on health and wellbeing for Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander ethnic populations, in order to advance racial equity amongst...
Article
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This study aims to understand and examine the effect of sustainable human resource management (HRM) practices on job-seeking behaviour of prospective employees. The psychological aspects of the proposed relationships are explored by proposing organisational attractiveness as a mediator. Based on the assumptions of social identity theory and signall...
Article
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Buildings are designed to meet and improve the quality of life of the occupants. During the last decades, standards on building construction have risen sharply to integrate new, ambitious demands regarding energy efficiency and thermal comfort in the design procedure. The importance of understanding the performance of a proposed building project is...
Article
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Background The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted the mental health and well-being of health care workers (HCWs). This study examined mental health outcomes and COVID-related stress impacts among a diverse sample of ambulatory HCWs, including clinicians and support staff, as well as the associations between mental health outcomes and work impairments i...
Article
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Abstract The present study analyzes the historical background of the formation of the Abkhazian economy and geographical-resource potential. Economic situation of Abkhazia before and after the Russian-Georgian war of 1991-1992. Special attention was paid to the recognition of the international status of the Republic of Abkhazia by the Russian Feder...
Article
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Research suggests that self-esteem could be a protective factor in stressful or unfavorable situations. However, little research has been done on the buffering role of self-esteem in the context of daily stressors on affective reactivity. Three daily diary studies (of which two were conducted in Singapore and one in the United States) were carried...
Article
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Information can strongly impact people's affect, their level of uncertainty and their decisions. It is assumed that people seek information with the goal of improving all three. But are they successful at achieving this goal? Answering this question is important for assessing the impact of self-driven information consumption on people's well-being....
Article
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Although urban green space (UGS) is an important factor in improving the well-being of residents, the problem of green injustice has been proven to be prevalent. Balancing the quantity distribution of UGS is an important way to solve the problem, but the effect is declining owing to many reasons. The general lack of evaluation of UGS quality in acc...
Article
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The present study applies an approach to analyze the stress induced on people on the autism condition. Dedicated questionnaires were prepared, in order to guarantee an inclusive participation and then applied by means of two different surveys in living and extended care unit environments. Results permit to highlight that: (i) the four comfort domai...
Research Proposal
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The submission deadline for the 2022 International Conference on Human-Centric Smart Environments for Health and Well-being has been extended to July 25th, 2022. IHSH’2022 is planned as a hybrid event: some sessions in-person to be held in Lévis, Canada (QC) and some over the Internet. All presented papers will be submitted for publication in IEEE...
Article
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Climate crisis is obviously an international problem that requires concerted actions by all regions and countries in the world. In the recent years, many various national and international organisations launched specific initiatives for counteracting progress of climate change and environmental degradation, which are based on sustainability. Curren...
Article
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Gratitude is considered to be a multidimensional construct consisting of both cognitive (cognitive appraisals of benefaction) and affective (feelings of gratitude) components, which is crucial for health and well-being. However, few studies have examined the cognitive-affective structure of gratitude and its associations with subjective well-being....
Article
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Using samples from 116 countries, this study aimed to examine whether national levels of social mobility moderate associations between agency-orientation (focusing on one's own goals rather than caring for others) and life satisfaction. After controlling for personal income satisfaction and national wealth, Bayesian multilevel modeling results show...
Article
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This cross-sectional, retrospective study aimed to investigate the differences in well-being among patients with olfactory disorder (OD) with quantitative and/or qualitative olfactory dysfunctions, and to identify factors associated with well-being (WB). We included 470 OD patients. WB (WHO-5 questionnaire), quantitative olfactory function (Sniffin...
Article
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A particularly visible aspect of multidimensional approaches to human development and ecological boundaries has been the elaboration of various types of indicators. But such an activity has often proceeded without much scrutiny of: (i) the theory and philosophy that underpins the multidimensional conception expressed through those indicators; and (...
Article
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There is now considerable evidence that the natural environment provides health and well-being benefits in urban environments. However, little is understood about the role of ecological quality in maximising well-being gains. We examine the relationship between the accessibility of public natural spaces of high ecological quality and two measures o...
Article
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Background Published literature documents tremendous gender inequities in the social, economic and health effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, but less evidence has come from low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) and even less from LMIC-based authors. We examine whether a) COVID-19 burden and b) LMIC-based authorship were associated with academic p...
Conference Paper
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This current study aimed to prove : (the efficiency of positive psychotherapy to reducing the depression in the adolescence’s student, according to the theory of wellbieng (PERMA), depending on the principles and strategies of positive psychology in the practice. And we used the para-experimental in its single sample design with a pre-testing and p...
Article
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School closures, forcibly brought about by the COVID-19 crisis in many countries, have impacted children’s lives and their learning processes. The heterogeneous implementation of distance learning solutions is likely to bring a substantial increase in education inequality, with long term consequences. The present study uses data from a survey colle...
Article
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Background Debates exist regarding whether foster youth should be asked about their placement preferences following removal, with only youth aged 12 years and older at times assumed legally competent to provide input. Objectives The present study evaluated whether placement-related factors known to predict youth's well-being also shape their place...
Article
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We conducted a systematic literature review on the ethical considerations of the use of contact tracing app technology, which was extensively implemented during the COVID-19 pandemic. The rapid and extensive use of this technology during the COVID-19 pandemic, while benefiting the public well-being by providing information about people's mobility a...
Article
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Introduction The negative impacts of mental health disorders on the well-being of women and their infants are clear. However, less is known about the relationship between returning to work after giving birth and mental health. Previous reviews examined the relationship between maternity leave and mental health, but we defined return to work as the...
Article
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With the increasing popularity of social networking platforms, it serves a greater purpose that is no longer contained simply as a means of social leisure. Social networking sites (SNSs) form and maintain social interactions. Various phenomena revolve around how this usage is associated with certain behaviors, such as keeping social ties online and...
Article
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This study describes and analyzes the challenges that musicians face in the United States, based on a survey of 1227 musicians, which was conducted in 2018 by the Music Industry Research Association and the Princeton University Survey Research Center, in partnership with MusiCares. It reveals that the average American musician earns income from thr...
Article
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Background Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic neuroinflammatory and neurodegenerative disease negatively impacting patients’ physical, psychological and social well-being with a significant economic burden. Objectives The study estimates MS burden and cost of illness in Italy from a societal perspective in 2019. Methods Information on the impac...
Article
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Easterlin notes a contradiction in the data. While the cross-sectional data set shows that happiness is a positive monotonic function of income, the time-series data set of high income countries demonstrates that happiness does not rise with the rise of income. To solve the paradox, this paper proposes that each data set reveals a different facet o...
Article
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According to self-determination theory, the satisfaction of basic psychological needs (i.e., autonomy, competence, relatedness) is essential for human mental health and flourishing. This process was hypothesized to be impeded by overparenting (a.k.a. helicopter parenting) and maladaptive family communication patterns. Therefore, a series of indirec...
Article
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This study is the first to empirically analyze motivations for taking undirected travel (UT) trips, or travel without a destination (as opposed to derived trips) undertaken for the purpose of the trip itself, as the determinants and characteristics are largely unknown. The overall research objective is to explore UT motivations in terms of demograp...
Conference Paper
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This paper investigates the mechanisms by which design deliverables contribute to other design activities in unintended contexts in a participatory design (PD). Specifically, this paper focuses on the need-solution pair (NSP) problem-solving process, an emerging concept in organizational economics. We first briefly introduce this concept and then i...
Article
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Le désir sexuel hypo-actif chez les femmes ménopausées a de graves répercussions sur la qualité de leur vie. L’objectif de cette étude était de déterminer sa prévalence et ses facteurs associés chez des femmes ménopausées. Il s’agit d’une enquête transversale qui a concerné 125 femmes ménopausées, âgées en moyenne de 50 ± 4,3 ans, recrutées au cour...
Article
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Experiencing ostracism is a painful situation that can urge a desire to restore social bonds. However, few studies have investigated the conditions under which it leads to ingroup identification. In three studies using minimal groups (N = 611), we have investigated the consequences of coexperiencing ostracism for group identification and well-being...
Article
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Cet article vise à analyser l’effet des transferts des fonds des migrants sur les dépenses de santé des ménages récipiendaires au Togo. Les conséquences des flux migratoires de ces dernières années dans les pays en développement n’épargnent pas le Togo. On s’interroge sur les effets que ce phénomène peut avoir sur le quotidien des ménages. Pour att...
Article
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The literature around co‐payment shows evidence of increasing consumption following reduced co‐payment. We apply difference‐in‐difference methods to assess the effect of abolishing the co‐payment on psychologist treatment of anxiety and depression in 18 to 21‐year olds. We apply nationwide individual level data with individuals close to this age in...
Article
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Psychological research, nowadays, on the areas of student´s health and well-being has shown interesting results where the central constructs are self-regulation and procrastination. Self-regulation behavior is a meta-skill that includes cognitive, affective, and motivational aspects of the individuals. Procrastination can be defined as a meta-skill...
Article
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Abstract In questo articolo vengono considerate le principali caratteristiche del comportamento dimostrativo del consumatore moderno, in funzione della trasformazione delle condizioni socioculturali ed economiche in atto. Secondo una ricerca di mercato eseguita in Italia e in Ucraina, per quanto concerne i prodotti di alta tecnologia, le tipologie...
Article
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Several definitions and measures of financial well-being (FWB) have been proposed in the scientific literature. The Multidimensional Subjective Financial Well-being Scale (MSFWBS) stands out among these measures in its ability to account for the conceptual richness of FWB. However, the original validation study based on a confirmatory factor analyt...
Article
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Introducción: la anemia en los niños puede provocar deficiencias cognitivas y motoras que pueden conducir a dificultades en el rendimiento académico y la resistencia física, afectando a la salud y el bienestar. Objetivo: desarrollar y validar una escala de creencias sobre la adherencia al tratamiento con suplemento de hierro en madres de niños con...
Article
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Ancient philosophy proposed a wide range of possible approaches to life which may enhance well-being. Stoic philosophy has influenced various therapeutic traditions. Individuals today may adopt an approach to life representing a naive Stoic Ideology, which nevertheless reflects a misinterpretation of stoic philosophy. How do these interpretations a...
Article
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Housing transformations have been studied over time. Numerous Post-Occupancy-Evaluation (POE) studies reveal user-initiated alterations occurring in Brazilian Social Housing (SH). These transformations have specific objectives, such as additional space, refurbishment, and improvement, or upgrading. However, results of transformations are not always...
Article
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Pelo motivo da pandemia por Covid-19, o confinamento em Portugal limitou as atividades sociais dos seniores ao espaço da sua casa. Para o bem-estar físico, mental e social é essencial a inclusão social e digital, bem como, as relações de sociabilidade. Neste período, o isolamento e o afastamento da participação social era preocupante. As Universida...
Article
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Recently, much attention has been drawn to understand when, where and why perfectionism may cause risk or resilience for one’s health and well-being. The aim of this study was twofold. Firstly, this study used an adolescent clinical sample to explore the bidirectional relationship between perceived maternal perfectionism and adolescent perfectionis...
Article
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Quality of life is bound to psychological well-being, which in turn is affected by the frequency and magnitude of negative mood states. To regulate mood states, humans often consume media such as music and movies, with varied degrees of effectiveness. The current investigation examined the effectiveness of virtual reality (VR) vs. two-dimensional (...
Article
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Screen media are ubiquitous in human life across all age, cultural and socioeconomic groups. The ceaseless and dynamic growth of technological possibilities has given rise to questions regarding their effect on the well-being of children. Research in this area largely consists of cross-sectional studies; experimental and randomized studies are rare...
Article
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The question of how the pursuit of happiness affects an individual’s actual well-being has received much scholarly attention in recent years. However, few studies have investigated the associations of happiness orientation with people’s subjective experience and objective functioning simultaneously. The current research examines the possibility tha...
Method
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Para muchas personas, la Economía en general, incluso la Economía de la Salud, es percibida como la ciencia que se ocupa de estudiar el dinero. Esa es una interpretación errada. Como ciencia social, la Economía va mucho más allá, y en sus análisis, así como en sus recomendaciones, incorpora además de la asignación de los recursos (de los cuales el...
Article
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Human well-being is an important indicator that indicates the welfare level of society. In recent literature, scholars have attempted to detect the determinants of human well-being. However, the impact of green trade openness on human well-being has not been investigated. Also, there are limited studies on renewable energy and the human well-being...
Preprint
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During my experience as an author, peer reviewer, and editor in the course of COVID-19, I have encountered-and committed-various types of errors related to the interpretation and use of statistical measures and tests. Primarily concerning sciences such as epidemiology, infodemiology, and public health, the evidence used to inform a conclusion carri...
Article
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Governments are inherently responsible for citizens' well-being. Given that achieving sustainable development ["Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of the future generations to meet their own needs"—(WCED in Our common future, Oxford University Press, New York, 1987)] is core to the attainment and mainte...
Article
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Being a player with an F. A. Premier football academy is very prestigious for young players, but it can also be very stressful too. Coping with stress is particularly important given that one of the undesirable consequences linked to chronic stress is athlete burnout, which may also negatively impact psychological well-being. Understanding the most...
Article
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After experiencing the COVID-19 pandemic, employees' health and well-being become a priority for firms. Organizational health-oriented strategies assist them in coping with health-related crises. Based on the social exchange theory, the present study attempts to determine the role of organizational health-oriented strategies in promoting employees'...
Article
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Humanistic management emphasises the importance of respecting humanity in and through meaningful work within organisations. In this paper we introduce a Levinasian approach to organising. Levinas argues that the Other appeals to us and allows us to take responsibility towards the Other – i.c. an employee, a customer, a supplier, etcetera. In this a...
Technical Report
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El consumo de sustancias como el alcohol, el tabaco y otras drogas, además de responder a cuestiones socioculturales, es un tema relevante en materia de salud pública. Por lo tanto, es importante que el acercamiento no sea sólo desde la idea del consumo como enfermedad, sino principalmente desde la dimensión cultural y considerando el contexto soci...
Article
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Pelo motivo da pandemia por Covid-19, o confinamento em Portugal limitou as atividades sociais dos seniores ao espaço da sua casa. Para o bem-estar físico, mental e social é essencial a inclusão social e digital, bem como, as relações de sociabilidade. Neste período, o isolamento e o afastamento da participação social era preocupante. As Universida...
Article
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Individual psychology is a theory developed by Alfred Adler that significantly contributed to the psychology literature both in theory and practice. Spirituality, on the other hand, is an area that cannot be ignored in human life. This article reviews the perspective of individual psychology on spirituality, its relationship with spirituality, how...
Article
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Social values are very important for well-being at work. This study investigates which and how social values affect well-being at work and contributes to the growing interest that the issue of quality of life at work has aroused in the areas of human resources management (HRM). Semi-structured interviews were held with 21 active employees of a larg...
Article
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Review of "Conservation Landscapes and Human Well-Being" edited by S. Krishnan, S. Devy, and N. Mohanty
Article
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Many studies have disentangled the perceived benefits of vegetation on subjective well-being (SWB). Yet, scant attention has been paid to the joint effect of vegetation and building density on SWB. This study explores the relationship between streetscape vegetation (SV), building density and SWB in Beijing, China. Our analysis relies on rich measur...
Article
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This article aims to examine well-being of elderly migrants who moved to urban areas in Khon Kaen province. The quantitative approach and structured questionnaires were adopted to collect the data from 275 elderly migrants living in Khon Kaen municipality. The obtained data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and multiple regression analyses...
Article
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Many European countries are facing the challenge of increasing the effective retirement age. Increasing the effective retirement age also requires that older employees are voluntarily willing to continue working. A worker who is willing to retire but is not allowed to retire might experience a negative impact on his or her well-being. This articles...