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Many past situations such as The Great Depression (1929-1932), II. World War and the 2008 global crisis, have led to important structural changes in the role and function of the state. How will the COVID 19 outbreak, which is happening today, affect the welfare state? Do you think this crisis will lead to important structural reforms? If this crisis will transform the welfare state, what will be the future of the welfare state?
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after pandemic All the government in the world will focus on the ( poverty, Unemployed , luck of food and nutrition ).
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Theory and practise of welfare state is not the same as of welfare society's. What is the difference between these two concepts?
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I do agree with Butler.
With regards
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British Academy has just founded a research project on impacts of social tourism, to develop by a research team lead by Dr. Scott Mcabe (Univ. of Nottingham). The project aim to analyze the role of social tourism as a development driver. Considering the highly complex society we leave; given the economic crisis during the las decade; and given the responsibility of the public authorities (in welfare states), opinions and contributions would be very wellcome about the role of social tourism (specifically, old-age tourism) in our society. I would be specially interested in the economic implications of such public support to social tourism. In Spain, such support has decreased during las decades, and old-age tourism destinations are noting that decreasing. Thanks for your contributions!
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Hello, I would like to know what activities the welfare state performs to achieve all the objectives that are proposed
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Dear Claudia,
I think there are two key activities. They are REDISTRIBUTION of income and wealth (through progressive taxation) and REALLOCATION/REDIRECTION of investments in capital (in the widest sense of the word).
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I would like to know about this specific topic
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Budgeting resources isn't just a problem for humans preparing a holiday dinner, or squirrels storing up nuts for the winter. Here is a new model:
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What do you think about European Social Model? Is it a good way to describe social policy in Europe? Is it really a policy goal or only an idea?
Do you know any articles about it?
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Am in line with Arvydas Guogis
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What are the elements that link the public institutions that make up the Welfare State with the democratic rights awarded to the the status of citizen?
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Welfare - Our corporate social resposibility ( CSR ) -
Democracy - It is our social & political rights .
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I would like to analyse the ideological, economic and political theoretical foundations of Neo-liberalism in order to understand its impact and association with de detriment of social protection programs. Any suggestions?
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Check the extensive bibliographies of John McMurtry's books since 1998. They are a gold mine.
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What macroeconomic indicators best define the quality of a welfare state?
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Human Development Index (HDI) is the best.
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Seeing the trends to commodify social rights, what steps can be taken, from a legal, social, academic, political point of view to make the transition from a "liberal democracy" to a "social democracy"?
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Liberal Democracy died out some decades ago when the voters learned that their high taxes were going mainly to support middle class government employees. The Regan Revolution and Thatcher Revolution replaced Liberal Democracy.
Social Democracy was popular when I lived in Europe. It has fallen out of favor with productive working people, but remains a favorite among the unproductive faction. while it still continues in abbreviated form just as Liberal Democracy has it's supporters and pretenders.
For the question there is no clear way to convert from one to the other, and no obvious reason to do so. These ideas and supporters had their chances 40 years ago and failed to deliver a society acceptable to a majority of voters. Opinions of moderate voters are the governing forces, although many self appointed radical leaders try to impose some other direction.
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Is Subsidy Bad for the Economy? (Any forms of subsidy)
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Limited government interventions are in certain times needed, but the continued fusion of state and economy must be avoided, which always starts with subsidies.
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Platforms are disrupting the welfare model based on an economy where labour was regulated. The current "laissez faire" attitude, or just simply a lack of motivation to regulate these industries of some political elements, has created an environment of labour insecurity. that being said, how can the Welfare State evolve to meet this challenge?
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Given the current economical factors and labour insecurity, the welfare state is as vital as ever. However, there does have to be changes. The current system of minimising claim numbers does nothing to tackle the wealth inequality or poverty levels as described in the recent UN report. Rather than looking at previous models of state intervention and benefits, we should be considering Esping-Anderson's theories on the future of welfare and the possibilities arising from a universal basic income.
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welfare function, economics
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It is in fact an overall measurement of inequality , but not an exact measurement. Moreover , it is quite possible that the inequality prevails and inequality index depicted is high, but as it is the medium level distances from equality, which matters it may not result in right determination of index of inequality of states . The two states with different levels of inequality may that way provide same or unconvincing levels of inequality.
Sen has used intensity of inequality and poverty as a measure of development rather than using absolute levels of inequality. He also uses the term functionality as against mere existence of certain facility/infrastructure.
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Do we really live in real Welfare States? Is the word "welfare" correctly understood by society? What is the real welfare: material or personal? Does this problem could be studied by using cinema as a main source?
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You are onto a good thing here? Interrogation of given meanings and assumptions / practices on welfare.
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Japan has, from 2008 developed a tax system whereby citizens can designate that part of their tax burden be paid as tax transfer revenue to a specified prefecture or municipality or, within that location, to a specific policy area. I am wondering if Japan is unique in this or if other countries have any provision in their tax system that allows payers to designate the recipient of their tax revenue? I am less interested in discussions of developmental and welfare states than I am in considerations of 'shared citizenship through tax payment' versus a 'designation system,' whereby citizens can prioritise places and policies. For more background, please see my Working Paper titled: Japan's Furusato Nozei Tax System; please also comment on the paper.
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In Italy O,8% of the income tax can be donated to some religious institutions, and o,5% to a long list of charities and research bodies
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The focus of my inquiry is to discern the role vendors play in assisting health care institutions in the system uptake of telemedicine technologies.
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RockHealth puts out reports, but not formal studies, that may have what you are looking for. 
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Traditional European welfare states are becoming not any more so traditional and generous if concerning social security. However it is still possible to talk about European social model in general and certain models of European welfare typology in particular if compare with the other regions in the world. Can You mention some important qualitative differences between Europe and East-Asia, America, Australia-New Zealand, if consider their social security systems?
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Arvydas, I think we should start first with a definition of welfare. (what is welfare, does it include social pensions, etc?).Different EU countries may have different definitions/understandings, even if roughly all EU countries follow either a Bismarkian model or a more universal, 'Beveridge' model...
I am unsure there is an 'Asian' model for 'welfare', if you want to read about some differences between the US & European systems a piece (better than the usual crap related to 'markets',etc provided by the economists-even if these guys could not resist in the conclusion to the 'normative' crappy impulses common to economists( is here:https://www.cairn.info/revue-horizons-strategiques-2006-2-page-51.htm....
In relation to EE, I agree in part with Albert (there is a convergence in raising the pension age, to cut 'entitlements', and to cut the 'undeserving poor'- here we have an ideological convergence) and disagree in part. We are speaking about economic convergence of Eastern Europe with 'Western Europe' for a quarter century and not much happened. Besides, in EE, the inequalities (some are getting much better entitlements than the majority) are built in the constitutional (many exceptions, based on the category to which an employee belong; e.g. police or army officers have generous 'welfare' entitlements, uncommon for the rest of the population) arrangements and very difficult to alter. There won't be any 'convergence' anytime soon, for these provisions.
With respect to EU 'convergence'(for example, the possibility for pensioneers to exercise freedom of movement, etc), the recent record is rather dismayal (because of the economic divergences). And I do not see any EU wide appetite for 'convergence' here (other than that related to the ideological component-cut the undeserving poor).
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Globalization is built on the foundations of market logic; it postulates that the state will  facilitate the functioning of the market as per notions of freedom, efficiency, non-interference, and market worth. This has considerably reduced the importance of the welfare state. The speed with which the welfare state is declining in some parts of the globe could be alarming. In your view, are we heading to an era of the withering away of the welfare state? 
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Arjun, I agree that in a democratic society people decide the mode of governance including the approach to economic  development. But welfare state largely focuses on the needs of those who can not fend for themselves. For example, the university education is now being privatized even in India. That means state is gradually withdrawing from this basic  obligation and focusing on other areas.
Welfare state is definitely in crisis all over. So, it is very relevant as to where the decline of welfare state will stop. If the beneficiaries of the welfare state are in minority then they would not be able to vote against its decline by the state agencies.  For example, the middle class has posed vehement opposition to affordable health care to the poor through state intervention in the USA. 
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For my research, I'm making an overview of types of flexible labour arrangements in different types of welfare states. Are there any suggestions on other types of flexible labor organization in other countries?
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A repeat cross section survey of employers and employees in the UK called Workplace Employee Relations Survey (WERS) in 1998 2004 and later has lists of questionnaire items on this topic - you can find the Questionnaires online by looking up the survey - at National Institute for Economic and Social Research (niesr) or the UK's large scale survey "Question Bank" paid for by ESRC.
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I am a researcher in the housing association sector, and we are currently keen to identify the impact that housing associations have when they 'step into the breach' created by local authorities reducing services and investment.  Knowing of any research that is currently on-going would be helpful as a starting point.  Many thanks. Marcus
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Hello Marcus
There were many reports and recently published books (that possibly did not have such recent contents), but less recent research, and not particularly ongoing.
This Dec 2014 House of Commons site might be relevant for ongoing work:
See this report which discusses ongoing/future projects, including p.49, section X:
Approaches to tenancy management in the social housing sector: Exploring new models and changes in the tenant-landlord relationship, Mary-Kathryn Rallings, Published September 2014, © HACT 2014
However, the other references are recent but already written-up. This is a research report (both summary and full report) that may be of interest (a Joseph Rowntree site):
The impact of welfare reform on social landlords and tenants, Anne Power et al., 23 June 2014
This site (see table) lists further Joseph Rowntree research, and other research projects:
This is from the Institute of Public Policy Research (also funded by Joseph Rowntree):
 Build now or pay later: Funding new housing supply, Andy Hull, Graeme Cooke and Tony Dolphin, October 2011
This is from local government, Dec 2014: A report of research carried out by the Cambridge Centre for Housing and Planning Research (CCHPR) on behalf of the Department for Work and Pensions.
Supporting households affected by the Benefit Cap: Impact on Local Authorities, local services and social landlords
Are these relevant to your question? This is not research but discussion:
Hodkinson, S., & Robbins, G. (2013). The return of class war conservatism? Housing under the UK Coalition Government. Critical Social Policy, 33(1), 57-77.
This references various research projects:
Chevin, D. (2013). Socially hearted, commercially minded-‐a report on tomorrow’s housing associations. The Smith Institute. Genesis, London.
I have not been able to access the full text of this paper; it is not a research project but discusses research:
Fitzpatrick, S., & Pawson, H. (2014). Ending security of tenure for social renters: Transitioning to ‘ambulance service’social housing?. Housing Studies, 29(5), 597-615.
Is this site of any interest? It is research based, but I am aware that it might be known to you already?
Without flexibility from government, further cuts to welfare funding will pressurise local authorities and risk rising levels of hardship, warns Grant Thornton research
If you click at the bottom:
not only can you access the full report, but also other information.
This is: 
Easing the burden: The impact of welfare reform on local government and the social housing sector, May 2015
Good luck with your project
Mary
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The concept of welfare state is not the same as of welfare society. Are these concepts supplementary or in some way contradictory to each other? Why are there used both of these concepts nowadays?
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The term welfare state is used to describe state-financed public systems of social security, health, welfare, pensions for individuals which is paid for from taxation and individual contributions. and is managed by the elected government of the day. These are collective arrangements. 
Welfare society is a neo-liberal ideological concept which means exactly the opposite. In a welfare society individuals are responsible for providing for their own welfare and purchase these services in the market place. This is a privatized arrangement.
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Many believe that the welfare state is the phenomena of the past history in the West and that globalization and liberalism during the last 30 years have tremendously changed the world. This is one of the reasons why developing countries are cautious about wide and deep implementation of such welfare elements as state social security measures. What is your view about the present and future of the welfare state? 
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Hello dear colleagues. This is a very interesting discussion. Concerning the future of the welfare states, I think there is much ideology behind the current public and political debates. If we consider the development of political parties in Europe, we see some important parallels to the welfare state developments. In the 1990s, after the fall of the iron curtain, the parties went more and more to the centre  and many European politicians from all political couleurs started to claim the social systems to be too expensive. It was a time when the ideological cleavages between social democrats, conservatives and liberals seemed to dissolve in terms of economy. The arguments for austerity went hand in hand with the rise of neoliberalism and globalisation (WTO, etc). And it also went hand in hand with a rise of the gap between the rich and the poor in Western Europe. Only in the last years, there is a kind of ideological comeback of political discourse which is reflected in the critiques of the neoliberal markets and in the rise of anti-system parties from the left and the right - both criticising this gap with similar arguments but with different solutions (internationalist solutions by most left parties like Syriza; nationalist solutions by the right like Front National etc.) The future of the welfare state, in my opinion, depends on the capacity of supranational institutions to reduce the gap and to suprantionalize the welfare state.
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Are there still “welfare states” with the only difference being that they are no longer the exclusive bailiwick of the pedigreed liberal democracies of the West? I am inquiring about the highly administrative state that is engaged in improving the general welfare of the populace by instituting different types of social policies. I know that in the 1990s some liberal democracies started privatizing a number of state-run industries, figuring that they would be run more effectively in private hands; however, this question deals with social welfare policies like providing free health care, childcare, free public education, retirement benefits, etc.. Is this kind of welfare state “history”? Or do welfare states still exist someplace in the world?
Gwen
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I live in Denmark, a Scandinavian type welfare state. Danes used to be proud of this welfare model which has worked very well, but as Markus Pausch says, it is under pressure from international economic competition. The strong economic pressure is evidenced by the fact that even socialist politicians are cutting down on welfare now, knowing that this will cost them their reelection because those who voted for them want welfare. Politicians of all colors here claim that they want to preserve the welfare system, while at the same time argueing for free trade, economic liberalism and deregulation. They pretend that there is no conflict between welfare state and neoliberalist politics even though the country is evidently taking part in the "race to the bottom".