Science topic

Welfare - Science topic

Explore the latest questions and answers in Welfare, and find Welfare experts.
Questions related to Welfare
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
3 answers
Anyone Can suggest me Lignin Bio-polymer application and its uses or any research which is currently happening in Lignin Nano-particles or lignin nano-composites materials in human welfare and in drug delivery.
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
2 answers
Underdeveloped health systems have many problems and this affects socioeconomic and health unstablity. Even the little industry will stop their work because of economically developed county fight covid and forget give welfare organization.
Relevant answer
Answer
Post-COVID-19 Opportunities in developing countries
Various efforts have been made by the government, including: through the National Economic Recovery to protect vulnerable communities and stimulate the business sector to return to positive growth; the new program is a job loss guarantee; and increase vaccine delivery to the entire population.
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
7 answers
My topic is about assessment of public health workers welfare: basis for managing employees turnover
Relevant answer
Answer
There is many website can help you
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
5 answers
I would like to write an overview article on nonprofit activities in the German school system: While other fields of action (e.g. social welfare, youth welfare, care for the elderly, culture, sports, ...) are well studied, third sector (nonprofit) research so far lacks studies on the field of action school . In the last 20 years, a broad organizational landscape has been established around schools (e.g., school support associations, mentoring programs, foundations, etc.), which today make up a considerable part of the third sector.
Does anyone have an idea for me where this might fit? It could be a journal or an anthology (German or English).
Relevant answer
Answer
dear please contact me via my email drqaiss9@gmail.com
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
3 answers
If anyone can point my to the right direction regarding this question, any industrial sector would be helpful, possibly referencing quantitative or qualitative research in the 21st century. I am only able to find data points and regression analysis in the 20th century. Would like to be able to, compare changes.
Relevant answer
Answer
Firms with market power are able to react to tax increases by passing on the burden to consumers. High market power means more tax contributions. Higher tax revenues makes Government better able to spend for public services: safety and health, education and recreation, particularly for those below acceptable living standards and eligible for welfare programmes.
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
11 answers
Hi everyone! I'm an ethologist, i'm looking for some article that talks about the implication in animal welfare of hands on approach in captivity. I mean...there is some study that had investigated the fact that human-wildlife hands on interaction (cub petting etc) is bad for animals? Both conservation and welfare...
Thanks a lot,
Chiara
Relevant answer
Answer
I have a book chapter on "selfie safaris" (e.g., close encounters with often endangered wildlife). Attached!
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
2 answers
It is to improve animal welfare processes
Relevant answer
Answer
Hi, stress is a complex phenomenon that should measured through several indicators, so it's complex to use an Unique device that by itself represent stress, nevertheless there are good results with the use of Heart Rate Vatiability with sensors, movement with GPS devices (under grazing ststems) and rumination time through vídeo recording devices, although always Will be better to have a combinación of behavioral, phsyiological and laboratory measurements.
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
3 answers
The attached paper is from -Tourism and Welfare Ethics, Responsibility and Sustained Well-being By Derek R. Hall, Frances Brown · 2006, p-54
Relevant answer
Answer
It is family decision-making when a couple makes joint holiday decision and holiday planning. You can see by the context "compared with earlier 'male-dominant'.
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
4 answers
I would like to ask questions related to innovation system. Does innovation system has a relationship/influence with farmer' welfare?If it does, what aspects that should be explored to explain this relationships? And if it does not bring any impacts what possible cause? Do you have any suggestion what theory/literatures that I can read to answer this question? Thank you so much
Relevant answer
Answer
The "smart agriculture" approach in the innovation framework will benefit both farmers and the environment. For example, there is sensors technology around agricultural land to ensure the availability of crop data in real-time. Crop monitoring is not only carried out on earth but also from space. Thanks to the space program's advanced satellite technology, earth station data can be cross-compared with satellite imagery, helping to get a complete picture of soil and crop health. In addition, this technology allows farmers to save in terms of field trips and resources. This technology is a turning point for farmers' welfare globally.
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
5 answers
We conduct research on domestic animals and birds behavior is to improve welfare. We study the housing enrichment different of feeding system etc using continuous videos which generate huge data. How do we analyze it by automated software?
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
9 answers
Theory and practise of welfare state is not the same as of welfare society's. What is the difference between these two concepts?
Relevant answer
Answer
I do agree with Butler.
With regards
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
8 answers
Is there any special behaviour or welfare traits of great interest to study in tropical fish species?
Relevant answer
Answer
There is a large body of knowledge already available for farmed tropical freshwater species (namely tilapias), which include many behavioural traits as indicators of welfare. However many gaps still exist. I suggest www.fishethobase.net as a good place to start digging on this issue.
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
8 answers
I have some in my farm and the welfare conditions are optimal. I have trimmed their beaks, give them fresh feeds and water regularly.
Relevant answer
Answer
I think you should supply extra protein and calcium in laying hen diet.
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
109 answers
Dear all
In this situations of carona pandemic what would be the role of Nutrition and nutritionists to combat this ?? Plz enlight if some approches can be made??
Relevant answer
Answer
may be the nutritionist can be help to formulated best formula for optimize the immune system.
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
6 answers
Dear Scientists
Animal welfare meat demand is increasing day by day in market. Normally, animal welfare meat price is higher than non-welfare meat. Some people try to adulterate welfare meat by non welfare meat for their more benefit. So we trying to established a efficient analytical method to distinguish between welfare and non welfare meat in market. Do you have any idea regarding this please give me suggestions.
Thank you
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Zharif Zulkarnail
Thank you for your idea. We have tried PCA analysis based on elemental composition "Elemental composition of pork meat from conventional and animal welfare farms by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) and ICP-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and their authentication via multivariate chemometric analysis" . We are trying better chemical method for distinguishing between animal welfare and non welfare meat.
Thank you
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
5 answers
In this post-millennial world of cosmopolitanism, globalisation, and world literature, one wonders if the present moment isn't the perfect opportunity to take stock of where our interests and priorities lie, what kind of life lessons does a global pandemic have for all of us as a collective entity, and above all how do we respond to something that simply exceeds the limits of any one particular area, region or nation-state? It is also a timely reminder of how we take certain things for granted and in the punishing rush of events, forget to spend quality time with those who matter to us the most, be it family, friends or acquaintances.
Through social distancing, we are paradoxically coming together in an attempt to contain the damage. This is far removed from the world of digital technology and social networking sites where the idea of togetherness also simultaneously exists with a profound sense of boredom, isolation and estrangement. The global economy has come to a veritable standstill and yet for the first time in so many years people are actually realising the merits of altruism and putting the interests of the 'other' before the 'self'. Instant gratification, limited attention span and 'the devil may care' attitude is being decisively supplanted by an increasing concern for the environment, the underprivileged and the future generations.
But above all this crisis is about the dissolution of human pride and an equally important focus on learning humility. It is a reality check to prevent us from taking ourselves too seriously for far too long. The profit-maximising impulse and the fiercely competitive spirit that is now being instilled right from the increasingly commercialised spaces of classrooms to the demanding environs of corporate offices has been rendered frozen by something which is much more pressing, immediate and therefore worthy of attention.
In such a scenario, a moment of pause and reflection never hurts. It gives us a breathing space from the target-oriented lives that we find ourselves in, especially in a country like India where population significantly alters the stakes of job prospects and economic opportunities. And while it is true that the destitute and the daily wage labourers, the rickshaw walas and the domestic helpers bear the worst brunt of this protracted lockdown, it also opens up a rare window of opportunity for those who are in a position of power and privilege to contribute in their own ways toward combating the spectre of hunger and starvation.
Life, as we know it, will never be the same. The haunting memories of these difficult times will always endure while the notion of normalcy and restitution will probably be the most challenging proposition for policy makers. The spirit of resilience and ingenuity that human beings have repeatedly shown right throughout history is for the first time proving to be inadequate. And there lies the rub. An overriding emphasis on empathy which is formed in the crucible of a global crisis could quite easily become a distant memory the moment that threat is successfully diffused.
Self-aggrandisement would once again be at an all-time high. But do we want to spin around in circles and just wait for the next major calamity to once again teach us about wisdom and virtue? Or haven’t we had enough of an eye-opener to realise that it is only by locating oneself in the larger scheme of things and network of relationships that a more desirable and progressive future is possible. To understand this in its proper context, one only needs to imagine a hypothetical situation in which if any pharmaceutical company would have been successful in finding a cure for COVID-19, it would have again been driven by the predictable considerations of personal profit masking itself as public welfare.
So where do we go from here? And how do we reconcile our punishing schedules [an ostensibly stultifying one for many in times of a lockdown] with a profound appreciation for everything precious, beautiful and worthwhile in our lives? What are the bitter truths that we could take in our strides without caring too much about a loss of pride or self-respect? Because after all it is about recognising the priceless merit of the here and now as opposed to the idealistic and the utopian. It is about taking cognisance of both the kids as well as the elderly, the indigent neighbour as well as tenacious doctors and their committed support staff. And last but not the least, it is about practising kindness, compassion, and humility with others that could help us confront our personal demons and eventually exorcise them.
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Shailendra.. we can contribute a lot ..please see our example of what humanities can contribute
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
9 answers
Hi,
I am very interested in your project. In my Ph.d. I am also focusing on women in vulnerable positions and their cooperation with welfare professionals.
Thanks, Marianne
Relevant answer
Answer
Thanks Ulla and congratulations on the publication.
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
6 answers
As water is crucial element for all human beings on earth. Due to climate change, water is going to be scarce element on earth. India and Pakistan are two rival states in Asia but on the other hand no-one can negate the importance of water for welfare of population on both sides.
Relevant answer
Answer
Nice question , waiting for some responses, mine will be biased answer....
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
4 answers
Good feeding and health are the important components for welfare assessment of migratory goats. But which components should be given more emphasis if you have to scored them out of 100 points?
Relevant answer
Answer
Well fed animals will always be healthy.
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
3 answers
Kay words: Hazardous work; safety; employment; impact on job creation
Relevant answer
Answer
Syrian workers participating in the construction labor market are worth researching in this regard.
This answer is not a direct answer to your question, but it may open an important window for your research.
Best regards.
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
5 answers
To get an idea about the animal welfare impact of my planned experiments and to perhaps make adjustments in the antibody selection, I was wondering:
  • How many mice are sacrificed to obtain 1 mg antibody with ascites method?
  • How much FCS is needed to obtain 1 mg antibody expressed in cell culture?
I assume that yields can differ by a few orders of magnitude, but it would still be interesting to know some ballpark numbers.
Thanks,
Paul
Relevant answer
Answer
Hi,
Obtaining fetal calf serum is also not a very ethical procedure, I completely agree with you, but there is the possibility of using culture systems that minimize the use of fetal serum (for example with the cell lines CL350 or CL1000), there is also the possibility of using synthetic culture media, without fetal serum, and also the possibility of recombinantly producing the antibodies. My comment was in line that to produce only 1 milligram of antibody (a very small amount of antibody) there are viable alternative methods, which do not require the generation of ascites.
On the use of ascites I transcribe you two sections of document Barroso J., Halder M., Whelan M. EURL ECVAM Recommendation on Non-Animal-Derived Antibodies. EUR 30185 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2020, ISBN 978-92-76-18346-4, doi:10.2760/80554, JRC120199. https://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/bitstream/JRC120199/jrc120199pdf.pdf , which may be of interest to you:
..." The EU Reference Laboratory for alternatives to animal testing (EURL ECVAM) avails of the scientific opinion of the EURL ECVAM Scientific Advisory Committee (ESAC) about specific issues related to alternative methods. In 1998, based on the available evidence, ESAC concluded that for all levels of monoclonal antibody production, scientifically acceptable in vitro methods (i.e. use of hybridomas) were practicably available and that these methods were either better than, or equal to, the in vivo (ascites) production method in terms of antibody quality. Thus, the ESAC stated in 1998 that in vivo production of monoclonal antibodies by the ascites method was no longer scientifically necessary, except in rare cases1 . Nevertheless, the recent statistical information published by the European Commission on the use of animals for scientific purposes in the EU show an increase by 65% in the use of animals for monoclonal antibody production by the mouse ascites method between 2015 (27333 animals used) and 2017 (45024 animals used). It is unclear from the non-technical project summaries how the ascites method could be justified and as a consequence, why such projects could still be authorised in EU countries"...
..." Authorisation of projects in the light of 2010/63/EU: Antibody production using the ascites method should no longer be acceptable under any circumstances"....
I hope you serve,
greetings
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
22 answers
Animal productive performance, reproductive performance and management practices are recorded separately during on farm welfare assessment.
However, the indicators from these can also be included in the assessment protocol as these can also be scored and can be benchmarked region wise.
Relevant answer
Answer
Ashwani Roy Olexandr Chernenko Thank your respected mentors for your valuable comment on this aspect. As you have rightly said that there is a trade off between the welfare and productivity of the livestock. Therefore, our aim should be to provide the desired/appropriate welfare to the livestock (at point C in the graph). The parameters of the production and reproduction can be benchmarked after the consensus of the experts, farmers, veterinarians etc.. Thus, after taking the opinions of all the stakeholders we can include these in welfare assessment. But the weightage to these parameters (productive and reproductive performance) should be less when compared to feeding, environment/housing, health and behaviour, while performing welfare assessment.
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
14 answers
If you know of an App that farmers can use to assess the welfare of their pigs (any aspect), please write the name of the App here as comment. Also if not in English. It might be included in a handbook for farmers to improve animal welfare.
Relevant answer
Answer
Please, visit www.isae.org for availability of apps to study animal behaviour
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
13 answers
Democracy plays pivotal role to ensure the welfare and development of people. It protects basic human rights and liberties. However, democracy needs to be improve as time travels. Therefore, how democracy shall improve or what are the steps to improve democracy? Following are some of the steps we shall adopt to improve democracy. What are the other measures to enhance democracy?
1. By Increasing the role of political parties
2. By increasing Role of Opposition Party
3. By increasing political awareness of people
4. By increasing people centric policies of the govt.
5. By increasing role of civil society
6. By increasing decentralisation of power
7. By improving political participation of people
8. By increasing role of media
9. By increasing literacy
Relevant answer
Answer
Thank you Michael T Takac for your valuable insights.
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
4 answers
Why is there such a difference in goods and labour?
Relevant answer
Answer
Trading goods on a global scale has economic and political implications for the countries involved. Labor on the other hand is regulated (or unregulated) by the rules and regulations of a particular country which would differ vastly because of the type of government involved (democratic, socialist, communist, autocratic, theocratic, etc.)
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
5 answers
Some welfare assessment protocols have kept BCS in both good feeding principle and good health, while some protocols have put this indicator only in good feeding
Relevant answer
Answer
BCS makes it possible to estimate the level of body reserves (classically from 1 "very lean" to 5 "very fat"). Body reserves, especially in female herbivores, are mobilized in case of insufficient nutrient intake from the diet. This may be due to a shortage of fodder resources (dry season, cold season), or an increase in requirements that exceeds the ingestion capacity (end of gestation, lactation). If the reserves (BCS) are insufficient (typically 1 or 2) at the beginning of the critical period, the animal will not be able to correctly ensure the essential functions that condition its survival and reproduction, and will be more susceptible to parasitism. Its survival may be compromised, as may its chances of reproduction. If BCS is too high (5), it is most often a sign of a lack of reproduction, which may be linked to pathologies.
This is why it is generally recommended to aim for a BCS of 3 ("good condition") at the end of gestation or at the beginning of the dry (cold) season, which can be achieved through adapted grazing management and, if necessary, supplementation.
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
6 answers
In many countries, a ‘welfare chauvinism’ is emerging as a configuration of welfare that restricts access to benefits or lowers the level of benefits for immigrants, ethnic minorities (Andersen and Bjørklund 1990; Schumacher and Van Kersbergen 2016). This configuration of welfare tries to reinforce the social protection of ‘native globalisation losers’ increasing benefits placing less emphasis on individual responsibility, and reducing competition with ethnic minorities on access to health and housing programmes, social assistance.
Relevant answer
Answer
The welfare state has played an important role in promoting social integration without discrimination and distinctions. In the last years, welfare has become an area of intervention which is less and less inclusive: "conditional welfare" and "welfare chauvinism" are the two main configurations of this emerging system of social interventions. Welfare is increasingly selective and systematically reduces access to benefits for immigrants, ethnic minorities and traditionally 'undeserving' groups, the homeless and other people whose values and behaviour are considered the primary cause of their condition.
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
5 answers
What do you think about European Social Model? Is it a good way to describe social policy in Europe? Is it really a policy goal or only an idea?
Do you know any articles about it?
Relevant answer
Answer
Am in line with Arvydas Guogis
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
12 answers
Now a days almost all governments are bringing populist schemes mainly by giving free goods or at subsidized rate to attract electorate in their favour without focusing income generation by individuals. One of the negative impact of such programs is labour shortage which affects the economy a lot.........
Relevant answer
Answer
Efficient welfare policy in capitalist market societies is, from my viewpoint, country specific. Welfare economics is needed to humanize the capitalist market system, which is an ethical and rational necessity. This social issue leads to the methodical application of opportunity cost: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/There_ain%27t_no_such_thing_as_a_free_lunch,
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
11 answers
What parameter we can use to assess the feeding welfare of goats besides Body condition scoring, Rumen fill scoring in migratory or pastoral production
Relevant answer
Answer
Roger Mason Thank you sir for your blessings
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
16 answers
Can we use the Latency to the first contact test and Flight distance test that are mentioned in the AWIN protocol to access the H-A relationship in pastoral/transhumance livestock
Relevant answer
Answer
Thank you Maurice for your generous words.
At the risk of being vilified and submerged by criticism I would say that "animal welfare", as it is interpreted by the modern husbandry production systems of developed countries, cannot be adopted in a pastoral nomadic set up. In such environment "animal welfare" is secondary to human survival and all husbandry practices are focused to achieve this.
In a pastoral nomadic set up there are many commonly used husbandry methods in weaning, milking management, restraint, marking, veterinary treatments, that can be classified as animal cruelty using our "western" style "animal welfare" definition. However such "cruelty" is not gratuitous but dictated by the need to survive an uncompromising and harsh environment.
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
18 answers
Education is one of the vital services that a modern state is expected to provide to its people. It is a service that every welfare democracy is obliged to give in the most accessible form. In simple terms, privatization of education refers to the state’s policy of allowing educational institutions, both higher and lower, to be run by non-state or private parties for monetary benefits. In contemporary times, many liberal democratic countries across the world are increasingly trying to privatize this basic service.
Relevant answer
Answer
Syed Naimul Wadood Thanks for your reply
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
3 answers
Farmers are always in the poverty mostly in the developing world. Their poverty is somewhat getting stacked with their lives despite various schemes & farmer welfare programmes. Could anybody suggest something significant in this direction...??
Relevant answer
Answer
The following strategies might cause change in the situation:
1. Proper awareness programmes can be initiated to induce marketing knowledge to farmers, specially to make them aware about need assessment and according production planning.
2. Cooperative of farmers can be formed to give them bargaining power and a have a common platform to ensure fair trade.
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
21 answers
This morning I wake up to review the Brexit and US-China Trade war. Then, I ponder on the John Maynard Keynes - Harry White debates on proposal to form the world bank group( IMF, WTO, World bank-International Bank for Reconstruction and Development). Then, I extensively review the brain behind formation of ECOWAS, EU among others. Then, I asked: if protectionism was forbidden earlier to improve welfare and offset balance of payment deficits. why now?
Relevant answer
Answer
@ Stephen, thank you for your contributions. The point here is that the Origin/Historical formation of the back has a lot to explain on the achievement and its objectives. Theoretical proposal on it formation is faulty. This is the argument and despite various effort to restructure the error in foundation no result as been achieved. No success story has been achieved without exploitation. The sharing formula of the return on investment is favour few. The bad news is that fixed exchange rate have important implication on distortion in the macroeconomic variables at the domestic level.
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
4 answers
Relevant answer
Answer
Thank you for inviting me to publish in this respected journal. Hope you more and more success and I am ready to cooperate 
Emad
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
3 answers
The first step is to argue the existence of a "front line" in the health care work environment. However, this is challenging as there does not appear to be a clear definition of what constitute a health care work environment. Current literature is overwhelmingly focusing on the providers and their welfare.
Relevant answer
Answer
Complex subject but look at:
1. Relationship with supervisors, colleagues and clients
2. Amenities at the personal office
3. Resources in the facility where health care providers work
4. Access to IT
and so on
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
5 answers
1. Tell me the impact of social media in your life.
2. can you think or live without social media in present era.
3. Does its a tool for better life and socail impact.
4. Doest it is a weapon for destroy your life and disconnect with family.
5. how frequent have you been seen your mobile for new arrivals.
6. social media really helpful for education, health and welfare of society.
Relevant answer
Answer
1. Information abundance.
2. No
3. Yes
4. Depends on how you use
5. Daily
6. Yes
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
10 answers
How do health systems work on five continents? How much does it cost to be treated in the hospital and what public or private coverings are available to the citizen? As you certainly know, there are different health systems in the world, some oriented towards absolute welfare and, apart from limitations such as the inclusion of a ticket charged to the citizen and / or the classification of basic levels of fixed assistance for all, they are free for all while other systems are based on the payment of private insurance coverage. Here we want to know which system you prefer and, possibly, why.
Relevant answer
Answer
Lucio, I live in Italy but I am a Czech citizen. In Czech Republic exists the insurance system. These insurances are paid in part by the employee (4.5 percent) and partly by the employer (9 percent). For those who do not work (children, students, unemployed, retired), the state is responsible for payment. Therefore, every citizen has an insurance. This system is governed by the laws of the state and each insured person is entitled to the provision of the necessary care as required by law. Every citizen can choose to access additional care by paying them. But as a rule, citizens have access to standard care (without having to pay anything further). As regards experimental therapies or special treatments, the request is made to the insurance company for the payment of these therapies. If I have to tell the truth, I prefer the Czech system to the Italian system (of which I am not a great user) for some reasons: little expectation for the performance of the national health system, many preventive visits (gynecological, dental, ophthalmological, etc.), greater assistance given above all by the presence of the family nurse at the medical clinics, little bureaucracy. That's my experience. Have a nice day, Svetlana
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
4 answers
Hi all I'm a final year student and studying about the relationship between ageing population and welfare effect. Though I looked for many articles still couldn't find proper econometrics based article to follow as my based study. If anyone interest on this topic or know about econometrics analysis with ageing population and welfare effect, please send me. Your favor is highly appreciated for my further studies. Thank You.
Relevant answer
Answer
Altough not exactly related to your research question, you may find Acemoglu & Restrepo (2017) useful as a first reference. You can check the paper here https://www.nber.org/papers/w23077
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
26 answers
The current immigration system actually goes a long way to addressing both liberal and conservative concerns.
For the liberal, thousands of people cross the southern border and gain access to decent jobs, schooling, and an economy that provides endless goods more cheaply than anywhere else in the world. They improve their lives by coming here
For the conservatives, keeping the "guise" of "illegality" in place while not really doing a lot to keep immigrants out allows for armies of hard workers to enter the country, contribute to society, pay taxes, while being reluctant to sign up for too many welfare programs. Thus, they improve America by being here.
Any solution that goes much further in letting in more migrants "legally" will upset the conservatives, and any action that is really effective at "keeping them out" will anger the liberals.
SO THE CURRENT SYSTEM - INSTEAD OF BEING "BROKEN" - MAY IN FACT BE THE BEST COMPROMISE WE CAN COME UP WITH!!
Relevant answer
Answer
Let me introduce the view of a person for whom the USA is just another country. The United States appeared on base of colony, and then, having been liberated, was formed mainly as a country of immigrants. From the outside, it seems strange that the descendants of immigrants view themselves as "aborigines" and mostly object to the emergence of new immigrants. The ideology of the "melting pot" was not accidentally replaced by the view of the "salad bowl", this reflects changes in American society. The core of the population considers itself as "indigenous people", and new immigrants master the country as a colony (with attractive conditions), in which one should not merge with the natives, but form their own enclaves. What happens in reality. Many new immigrants do not master the language of the majority, create their own "infrastructure" (residential areas, shops, small companies, lawyers, doctors, even politics, etc.). They do not need a state for everyday life.
For me, this means that something has broken in the mechanism of adaptation of immigrants. The strangest thing is that the USA is not the only country of this type, but others quite successfully survived a similar period (for example, Argentina, Australia, etc.). As the country will come out of this situation, time will tell.
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
6 answers
This general background suggests a simultaneous increase in minimum wages and tax increase has severe implication on citizen welfare. Colleagues what is your thought on this argument.
Relevant answer
Answer
@ Professor Paul dont you think is an unnecessary complication. Trying to manufacture crises within the fiscal multiplier.
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
8 answers
Now im working on research "effect of household welfare on migration desicion: The case of Kyrgyzstan", where i schould measure household income in rural agricultural place. Taking into account that in such place income could be also in natural form, i want to know what should i include into calculation of income within rural/agricultural land.
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear ,
There are non-market evaluation techniques you can apply. You can refer Roger Perman Yue Ma James McGilvray Michael Common (2003). Natural Resource and Environmental Economics. In case it helps you please find attached herewith.
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
4 answers
Government plays a key role in a country’s economic and social development. Not having as a primary objective to make profit, public sector entities seek to effectively provide goods and services that improve and maintain the citizens' welfare level. Unlike private sector companies which generate a measurable stream of profit and revenue, the measurement of government performance is harder and more complex. A General Government Performance Index was developed through relevant sources (World Bank, WGI/WDI, Social Progress Index, the Global Competitiveness Index, etc). I am looking for useful answer(s) on the factors that could government performance.
Relevant answer
Answer
Hi , Yosra Gafsi,
I am Demelash from Ethiopia, Your topic is atractive. I also have an interest to write over it. Our country is developing country and there is an economical, social and political problem. To solve those problems the rule of the government is very high, but when we see our performance it is very poor. So we will learn so much from your research result more.
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
3 answers
Hi, everyone,
Please I would like to determine the optimal monetary policy rule with dynare for my DSGE model, but I don't know how to do it. I don't know the commands to determine the optimal monetary policy.
Can someone tell me how to do it? Or suggest me some commands or a code I can use as a guide? And how to get the welfare value (value of loss function).
In addition, what if I want to determine the optimal monetary policy rule and the optimal macroprudential policy rule simultaneously.
Thank you!
Sincerely!
Relevant answer
Answer
Check this link out (and i hope it helps)...
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
3 answers
Platforms are disrupting the welfare model based on an economy where labour was regulated. The current "laissez faire" attitude, or just simply a lack of motivation to regulate these industries of some political elements, has created an environment of labour insecurity. that being said, how can the Welfare State evolve to meet this challenge?
Relevant answer
Answer
Given the current economical factors and labour insecurity, the welfare state is as vital as ever. However, there does have to be changes. The current system of minimising claim numbers does nothing to tackle the wealth inequality or poverty levels as described in the recent UN report. Rather than looking at previous models of state intervention and benefits, we should be considering Esping-Anderson's theories on the future of welfare and the possibilities arising from a universal basic income.
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
5 answers
I am interested in all these dimensions.
Relevant answer
Answer
Do you know the Tropical Station La Gamba (https://www.lagamba.at/)?
It belongs to the University of Vienna, Austria and they do a lot of research in different directions. The concept is to include both the tourists and the local population, I think this could be very interesting for you!
I have been there for several days!
Best wishes
Rudolf Ritt
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
31 answers
How to measure the relationship between religion and economic growth or economic welfare. In micro or macro level?
Relevant answer
Answer
Measuring relationship between Economic growth and religion not easy. I suggest you maesure relationship between economic growth through prism - how religion affect on mentality of nation in histirical period.
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
3 answers
Hello everyone, I am working on a paper which requires evaluating recent policy changes on the welfare of the people. I have decided to do partial equilibrium analysis, because: I am working on a single commodity market. However, I really can not get any tool to run my observations. Please can you help recommend a tool and help me understand partial equilibrium better.
Thanks.
Relevant answer
Answer
Ok
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
3 answers
I am preparing a research on the effects of a value chain development programme to the beneficiaries, using Welfare as a broad index
Relevant answer
Answer
Evidence Based welfare Practices is a process in which the practitioner combines well-researched interventions with experience, ethics, preferences, and culture to guide and inform the employee. Earlier this was practiced in medical field but now day this is being applied in to social as well as other industrial organization. A common perspective on a hierarchy of evidence might be:
  • Collection of surveillance data;
  • Systematic reviews of multiple intervention research studies;
  • Expert opinion/narrative reviews;
  • A single intervention research study;
  • Program evaluation;
  • Word of mouth/media/marketing; and Personal experience.
As a result today universities and industrial organisation are promoting EBP exchange that enables faculty, students, and other interested individuals to read, share, and discuss evidence-based research and practice and its impact on the school and the social work profession.
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
13 answers
International
Critical Social Policy
Journal of Social Policy
Journal of European Social Policy
Journal of European Public Policy
World Development
Ecological Economics
Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy
Social Policy and Society
European Sociological Review
Organization & Environment
European Journal of Social Security
...
Country specific
Social Problems (US)
Tijdschrift voor Sociale Vraagstukken (Ned)
Maatschappij en Beleid (Ned)
Soziale Probleme (Germany)
Revue française des affaires sociales (FR)
Sociologie et sociétés (CAN - FR)
Relevant answer
Answer
Here are some:
Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy
Critical social policy
Social Policy and Society
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
4 answers
Libertarianism pursues the goal of individual freedom limited only by the immediate harm done to other individuals. But it does not consider the ultimate harm that may be done to others. In biology, to study a phenomenon, one considers not only the proximate causes, but (as a requirement for complete understanding) also the ultimate causes. The same should apply to a rigorous analysis of political-economic philosophies. Friedrich Hayek and Ayn Rand (among others?) seem to serve as the intellectual underpinnings for Libertarianism and other similar rightwing leaders, such as Margaret Thatcher, Ronald Reagan, and Charles Koch). But when it comes to questions of the general welfare it seems ta have a gaping hole. If this is so, this hole should be exposed.
Relevant answer
Answer
Look at Sandel, Michael J. 2012. What Money Can’t Buy:
The Moral Limits of Markets. New York: Farrar, Straus
and Giroux. (or Sandel, M.J. (2013) in Journal of Economic Perspective.
He provides good arguments for where the market thinking goes awry.
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
3 answers
  • Traditionally we use resource based criteria (Housing facilities, feeding facilites) for evaluating the welfare of animals in smallholder production system.
  • How can we use behaviour for assessing the animal welfare in small holder production system?
Relevant answer
Answer
Hi Ankaj. First I'd like to highlight the fact that physiology is not behavior. When you assess animal based indicators, you can watch health, phisiological or behavioral aspects.
You can find valuable information about behavioral criteria in WQ and AWIN for production animals. I think first of all you should have a behavioral theory to be able to identificate the indicators that you want to measure. As examples of behavioral criteria I could name agonistic interactions, vocalizations, resting behavior, stereotypes (this will depend on the species that you will assess), response of the animals to human interactions or approach, defecation, etc.
I hope this helps you.
Regards.
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
2 answers
The government of every country and state bring policies and schemes for the welfare of society and the nation. These governments implement policies and schemes through their departments and sometimes they assess them with either own departments OR external agencies.  This assessment process has nothing to do with:
What new theories are evolving while implementing the scheme or policy?
Why the existing theories or not working while implementation or in it’s impact?
Why global findings are not matching?
What are the initial flaw in terms of conceptualization of the policy or scheme? ‘ etc…
In the entire process from policy or scheme conceptualization to implementation, the concerned government department or agency does not see a possibility of theorizing a phenomenon or identifying a theoretical relationship with field-level data. And they assume, ‘it is not their job’.
So whose job is this? Is this a researcher’s job who is either in a doctoral course or post-doctoral assignment, a faculty who is studying public policies/schemes or a consultancy firm who reads/analyzes the data and based on the analysis floats some project?
As a teacher, I see students struggling while exploring their research areas – either for their doctoral dissertation, post-doctoral research or a research paper. They explore with zeal and confidence by reviewing the existing literature – mostly referring research articles published in top-tier journals, but these researchers have no interest in studying the Public Policies or schemes with a view to understanding theoretical grounding of policy or schemes.
Why they do not see this as an opportunity for research? I think these researchers assume that ‘understanding a policy or schemes in not academic job’.  If this is that assumption, I do not agree with that.
In fact, data on these policies and schemes are available to any researcher who wants to study. Most importantly – concerned government department or agency will be happy in supporting them since these arms of government would learn significant findings of the policy they implemented and would know what kinds of policies and schemes be required in the country.
In a true sense, this kind of attempt by a researcher would help the government and country in a bigger way.
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Gebregziabhar, Industry-Academia-Government collaborative research is the need of the hour, but how many campuses use this mechanism and involve their students in order to study government led policies/schemes or projects? I agree with the point raised regarding Government's own agenda about policies and schemes, but is this not a job for researchers to study and suggest the theoretical flaws in policies or schemes which are initiated by Governments.
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
3 answers
Clinicians often have to miss meals, are under hydrated and have inadequate sleep. Shifts, long hours, poor culture towards staff welfare and human Factors and unsatisfactory on site amenities may place clinicians in vulnerable and less than ideal circumstances for providing the best patient care and ensuring personal health. Decreased cognitive function and mental health are associated with a failure to account for Human Factors for clinicians.
Relevant answer
Answer
Thanks Christopher. I think there are many reasons that stop clinicians from having the approp self care. Certainly that’s been the findings of our research. overwhelming he whole culture towards Human a Factors has to shift, from the top down. We should start looking at what we most value and how we can best achieve that.
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
4 answers
I am currently doing my masters thesis on factors influencing jury decision making. I am desperately looking for research participants; as fellow researchers you know that getting help from the public is challenging. If you would please take some time out of your day to help that would be wonderful. All ethics procedures have been followed of course and the research is no-risk and confidential. You can do the research if you live in England and if you qualify to serve on a UK jury. please follow one of the two links below depending on whether you are religious or non-religious (atheist/agnostic):
religious: https://www.surveymonkey.co.uk/r/TZP27T7 non-religious: https://www.surveymonkey.co.uk/r/TZVHF2P Thank you so much for your time
Relevant answer
Answer
Hi Chantelle,
I don't live in the UK, but your research sounds interesting. When you're done, would you please send me an overview of your findings?
Thank you!
--Adrian
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
5 answers
Dear all,
I am looking for ways to measure respondents' general concern for human right and concern for animal rights/welfare. The construct I am interested in is similar to that of environmental concern but with two different foci.
I would appreciate any suggestions/pointers/ideas about scales or other ways to measure them?
Relevant answer
Answer
Thank you, all! The scale I am looking for is akin to a well developed environmental concern and is aimed for members of the general public respondents (not experts). However, it seems that there exists no scale thus far...
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
4 answers
As the educated people are working and involve in research. Now to use research for a better world what and how the researcher can contribute.
Relevant answer
Answer
Hi Irshad,
This is a good question. I think most of the academic world today is occupied by intellectuals who are disinterested and disengaged from the reality of the people.These are the 'traditional or institutionalized intellectuals' that Antonio Gramsci talks about. They are far from the autonomous thinkers they believe they are.
My point is that intellectuals are (more often than not) ideologically indoctrinated by hegemonic powers.
To answer your question of how could research be used in the benefit of humanity, I think as scholars (particularly in the social sciences) we should focus on foregrounding and examining the problematics that affect us all as society. To work along communities, social movements and organizations and learn from them the complexities of resisting power. Our work is to educate and open the ways for new process of economic and political organization to come about.
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
1 answer
There are a lot of differences between protocols! Do you have any experience with or insights into the following:
Food and/or water deprivation: Why do some protocols only say water deprivation over night and not food also? You would think that food stuff in the stomach would slow the uptake. 
Fasting time: How much time is really necessary? There are relatively large welfare and stress issues with fasting, and some protocols say up to 9 hours (overnight). Others say 4-6 hours. And there is a difference between starving during the night, where they do most eating, and starving during early morning/day, where they do not eat anyway.  so is it ok to starve them in the morning (food)?
Relevant answer
Answer
Hi Ipsita, For fasting time, I reckon you should do it naturally. Forcing a protocol is probably less helpful to most. As to food overnight, I agree that a full stomach can be hard to sleep on but I think it depends on the type of food. For example, a baby drinks then eats. I eat a little yoghurt with linseed oil at night if I'm hungry. It helps me sleep.
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
4 answers
welfare function, economics
Relevant answer
Answer
It is in fact an overall measurement of inequality , but not an exact measurement. Moreover , it is quite possible that the inequality prevails and inequality index depicted is high, but as it is the medium level distances from equality, which matters it may not result in right determination of index of inequality of states . The two states with different levels of inequality may that way provide same or unconvincing levels of inequality.
Sen has used intensity of inequality and poverty as a measure of development rather than using absolute levels of inequality. He also uses the term functionality as against mere existence of certain facility/infrastructure.
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
11 answers
how could we link water resources and welfare using a general equilibrium model or any other economic methodlogies?
Relevant answer
Answer
The question is too general to propose a unique answer and it depends on the context and the scale of analysis (country, province, region, county, small basin......). Undoubtly, wellfare is directly related to access to water sources since development of a community is restricted when water is limited in quantity and quality. One suggestion may be, and certainly is not the unique, start working in model areas and then extrapolate results to another areas of comparable conditions. You need to consider climatic variables and climatic balances to get knowledge of rainfall, evapotranspiration, seasonal distribution, excess and deficit of water etc.
Then, identify water sources (surface and groundwaters) and then proceed with the hydrochemical characterization ( major cation and anions, salinity, alkalinity, dissolved oxygen, trace elements (As, F, V etc).
Besides that you need to relate these information with distribution (human use, animal consumption, irrigation or even industrial puposes) and also with social conditions of population (population density, access to tap water, income, educational level, illness caused by water (i. e hydroarsenism), access to medical care etc.
Then, there is a need of transference of this information to the community and to authorities and desition makers to exchange knowledge for stating priorities and taking adequate options of water uses.
Hope this may hekp you. Probably your proposal needs participation of a multidisciplinary group. Success in your research!
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
1 answer
I'm looking for a data set for my master's thesis. The research question is not yet defined and will depend on the data available. I would like either to look at the welfare effects from working in the garment industry or the effects of working conditions on workers or on the factories. I really appreciate all kind of suggestions.
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
3 answers
I'm looking for bibliography on food, physical, social enrichment, etc, to use in foxes in recovery, with the intention of released them into their natural habitat.
Thank You!
Relevant answer
Answer
Thanks a lot
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
6 answers
See the weight of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Ministry of India , look at for agroforestry policy . Perhaps India is first nation to define here's agroforestry policyLearned members of FB are requested to go through that and decide if such policy will bring change in agroforestry research and development . Regards to one and all .
Relevant answer
Answer
Tewari Sir as we know this in India Agroforestry policy 2014 is first trees / forests related policy in recent times enacted by Ministry of Agriculture. other 1952 NFP or 188 NFP enacted under Forest ministry. There is always debate who is the major custodian of agroforestry either MOEF&CC or MOA &FW just like forestry / agroforestry education ICAR or ICFRE!! But you raised valid point whether even being first in globe to have unique National Agroforestrty Policy , India will make a change in AF research & development. I think first need to strengthen the AF education from graduation onwards which currently not focused. We know Philippines started B.Sc in Agroforestry in 1976 itself and also has agroforestry major with BSc. Ag and B.Sc. Forestry followed by MSc. but we started a subject in B.Sc. Forestry in late 80s and M.Sc/ Ph.D in 90s and so far no garduation prog with major agroforestry neither major agroforestry as such in other B.Sc.Ag, Horti and Forestry just a subject. So still along way to go from basics to applied in AF resaerch. As far as extension part of policy GOI launched agroforestry submssion under National Mission on sustainable agriculture but Agriculture ministry not have technical expertise in the same and so again forest department will take care. How long this technical gap will remain with implementing agency results seldom to happen. many suggestions of policy yet to be implemented and proper long term working framework is needed to go ahead.
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
6 answers
Do we really live in real Welfare States? Is the word "welfare" correctly understood by society? What is the real welfare: material or personal? Does this problem could be studied by using cinema as a main source?
Relevant answer
Answer
You are onto a good thing here? Interrogation of given meanings and assumptions / practices on welfare.
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
5 answers
Hi,
I am interested to interpret percentile ratios. I have calculated Gini coefficient. Stata also shows me distribution of income by considering the ratios of different percentages of population ? In Country A poverty is increased. However, inequality is decreased.
2015 (in this year poverty decreased)
Gini=0.43 p90/10=7.588 P90/P50=2.528 P10/P50=0.333 P75/P25=2.649
2017 (poverty increased)
Gini=0.41
p90/10=8.066 p90/50=2.661 p10/50=0.330 p75/25=2.545
p90/p10 = it compares top 10% to bottom 10%. I see that ratio is increased. Can I make any conclusions about the welfare of the population?
Best regards,
Davit
Relevant answer
Answer
A good way to measure inequality is to look at the ratios between different incomepercentiles. For instance, you can look at the ratio between incomes at the top of the distribution (the 9th percentile) and at the bottom (the 10th percentile) – or, to abbreviate it, the 90-10 ratio There are several measures of inequality depending on the direction of your research. However, if you collate income percentiles or brackets by your set standard in the context that best suites you, you can compare top distribution with the lowest first to last 20 or top 10 to bottom 10 or 90th percentile to 10th percentile. This will mean the top 10% of the economy earns 90% of the total income in the country and that's really bad!
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
1 answer
Today we are told that Britain has agreed there will be 'continued regulatory alignment' between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland.
What does this mean?
It is not the same as saying NI will remain in the Customs Union and the Single Market. It may not even be the same as saying 'no regulatory divergence'.
But it is hugely significant I think. Unless it is prepared to accept regulatory divergence between NI and Britain then it must continue aligned with EU rules on food safety, animal welfare, medical drugs etc.
But what about labour and environmental standards? Is Britain now precluded from the 'race to the bottom' the Brexiteers wanted?
I would be interested in international opinion on this development
Thanks
Relevant answer
Answer
Denis MacShane@DenisMacShane
If this is the text "The UK will ensure that there continues to be no divergence from those rules of the internal market and the customs union which, now or in the future, support North South cooperation and the protection of the Good Friday agreement" it means NI stays in CU, SM
3:47 PM - Dec 4, 2017
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
5 answers
There is a strong need of producing Dr. Bhabha like trained , skilled, innovator, honest, scientific and technologists leaders worldwide , who can really advocate and warrant the real peaceful diverse applications of Nuclear energy programs for the welfare of common human well being world wide.
This will be a great tribute to Dr. Homi Bhabha on his birth day.
DAE is a pioneer organization of the country and people must respect the healthy norms for the growth of science, growth of the organization and development of the country- yes, It will be greatest tribute and remembrance to Dr HOMI BHABHA. FRS .
It is very unfortunate that SCIENTIFIC MISCONDUCTS AND FRAUDS have started in AMD/DAE since the last 10 years. It will be a greatest tribute to Investigate and Cancel all such Fraud DAE AWARDS and NATIONAL GEOSCIENCE AWARDS-2011 and 2016 , etc, - awarded in the last decade (10 years) to AMD- TOP OFFICERS.
Dr DPS RATHORE FRSC
Relevant answer
Answer
Other developing countries have had a long-standing and peaceful nuclear energy programme too.
In Argentina we had begun in 1950 and resulted in a spate of activity centred on nuclear R&D, including construction of several research reactors. In 1964, attention turned to nuclear power, and following a feasibility study for a 300-500 MWe unit for the Buenos Aires region, bids were invited. With the country's policy firmly based on using heavy water reactors fuelled by natural uranium, Canadian and German offers for heavy water designs were most attractive. The famous Atucha 1 entered commercial operation in 1974. It now uses slightly enriched (0.9%) uranium fuel which has doubled the burn-up from 6 to about 13 GWd/t or more and consequently reduced operating costs by 40%. Atucha 2 has followed suit. Each has a pressure vessel, unlike any other large heavy water reactor. The very high burn-up suggests that two-thirds of the energy is coming from plutonium, giving it the highest conversion rate of any non-breeder.
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
9 answers
In the 1950s, many Latin American countries experienced pro-poor reforms implemented by populist parties, like the Justicialist Party in Argentine, the Revolutionary Nationalist Movement in Bolivia, and the Brazilian Labour Party.
So can I say that the 1950s is a "golden age" for Latin America in terms of welfare and development?
Relevant answer
Answer
That is an interesting question Yue.
I am inclined to agree with Maria Amparo and Nikola but.....
The 1950s were not the disaster that later economists in the 1980s said. Correct
But we cannot go back to the 1950s either, so maybe a golden era but not necessarily relevant today?
Please see Chapter 4 in the attached book which tries to evaluate the 1950s but also before and after
Best wishes for your research!
Ronaldo
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
1 answer
Need information regarding various national and international organisations and institutions interlinked to captive animals role and functioning.
Relevant answer
Answer
Captive Animal Welfare Organizations
1. Zoo animal welfare - Home: OIE
PDF Zoo animal welfare will remain a challenging area, as increasing demands are placed on zoos and regulatory agencies to ... position that no captive animal should ... Authors: Terry L Maple · Bonnie M Perdue Affiliation: Florida Atlantic University · Agnes Scott College .
2. Animal Welfare Act and Animal Welfare Regulations - USDA
3. Inspection by legally constituted law enforcement agencies ... Animal fighting venture ...
http://www.aphis.usda.gov/animal_welfare/ downloads/awa/awa.pdf ... . [PDF] ACMCAN301A Work within a captive animal facility - training
4. ACMCAN301A Work within a captive animal facili ty ... the process of working effectively within a captive animal ... agencies may include: animal welfare and ... . [PDF] Concepts in the care and welfare of captive elephants
5. Concepts in the care and welfare of captive elephants ... work on the assumption that whilst ele- ... Animal welfare relates specifically to an . [PDF] Animal welfare in conservation: working towards a common …
Animal welfare in conservation: working towards a common goal ... (In prep) Animal welfare, international development, ... welfare impact of captive
Dennis
Dennis Mazur
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
4 answers
What are the instruments and measures existed to measure the Global Leadership Styles?
In order to categorize the leadership style for the current and old-world leaders, but not to evaluate them. the project intends to investigate the impact of the leadership style on people life, using the countries leaders and the welfare scale in each country.
Relevant answer
Answer
You may find some information from the website"http://globeproject.com/"
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
39 answers
The attainment of sustainability requires adherence to some important aspects like human welfare, natural resource management, economic development, food and energy security and environmental sustainability. How Green Chemistry can address these concerns for a sustainable future of the planet Earth.
Relevant answer
Answer
The entire idea behind Green Chemistry is to be sustainable.  If it is called Green and it has no sustainability to the work then it is just a title and not really green..  I am a green building consultant and I see this in the green movement in building.  Every builder is now saying they are green yet they can not even define what is meant by the term.
This is unfortunate but the way of a capitalistic society.  If there is money to be made in the claim then the companies will claim what ever gets them to more profit.
We need to stop talking about how "Green" things are and start talking about how much better it is to be sustainable.  The term Green has been abused so much that most people think it is not real anymore.  I for the most part in my chemical research and in my green consulting talk about not just green but doing the right thing for our children and making a better decision today for a better tomorrow.  
I tell people that I refuse to make a decision today that in any way will jeopardize the lives of my children or make them clean up something that I have promoted.
Green is a movement to do better for the future and future generations and to stop being self centered and asses.  I am not perfect but if we all will just do what is possible we could change the world over night.
Green chemistry has to be the way we move to the future.  It must be more them just the word it must be real.
George   
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
3 answers
Dear all,
Because of a review I need to deepen my knowledge of the so called "crowding out" literature. Any suggestions about the most relevant contributions?
The idea behind is that welfare arrangements can undermine less formalizes solidarity practices (religious communities in my case).
thank you for your suggestions!
Francesco Molteni
Many thanks!
Relevant answer
Answer
Thanks professor Mazur and Brownlow!
Francesco Molteni
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
5 answers
Quite often in environmental-economic literature (e.g. The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity) welfare theory is used to calculate the supply of "ecosystem services" in "natural capital accounting" (NCA)? 
I am interested in literature which views ecosystems in different ways, especially from a "network" perspective. For example, a food web or food chain seem to me to have network structures. Do you have any suggestions about the most important references in this field? 
Relevant answer
Answer
A recent review of ecological networks (Tylianakis and Morris 2017) may provide some information and references. It is focused more on network structure but it does bring up food webs and how structure and ecosystem functioning are related.
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
2 answers
I have a household data that contains consumption expenditure items like food I terms, fuel, etc. and their associated price data. From these data, I calculating household welfare so I need adult equivalent index and price to adjust for household compositions and purchasing power. Thus, I need someone to assist me on how to construct household price index
Relevant answer
Answer
Thanks Upendra for your help. I'm doing the analysis in stata. I will really need your help
  • asked a question related to Welfare
Question
14 answers
GDP is not a perfect measure of well-being, and development has other aspects beyond economic growth. This is why there are other approaches to the welfare of an economy such as the Human Development Index (HDI) or Gross National Happiness (GNH).
On the one hand the dependence of GDP to indicate welfare of an economy and growth is becoming an outdated concept, but on the other hand iterature is abundant of the term “growth”, besides the concept of socio-economic development.
I just wonder if we can model socio-economic development by using a growth model and a development index. I know there are some "unnamed" assumptions behind the growth models and they may not allow us to do that. Is there a way?
Relevant answer
Answer
Even if GDP is not a perfect measure of well-being,  development and other aspects beyond economic growth. Other approaches to the welfare of an economy such as the Human Development Index (HDI), Index of Wellbeing mentioned can be used to support the old model as we look forward to new innovations