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Few technologies have been mired in hype more than blockchain, which is the underlying peer-to-peer network protocol for cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin. Given the technology’s emphasis on purported “immutable ledgers” and trust-less sharing models, there has been a great deal of interest in applying blockchain to democratic reforms. From localize...
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The Great Debate session at the 2021 Melanoma Bridge virtual congress (December 2–4) featured counterpoint views from experts on seven important issues in melanoma. The debates considered the use of adoptive cell therapy versus use of bispecific antibodies, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) inhibitors versus immunotherapy in the adjuvant sett...
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Background Many institutions are training clinicians in point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS), but few POCUS skills checklists have been developed and validated. We developed a consensus-based multispecialty POCUS skills checklist with anchoring references for basic cardiac, lung, abdominal, and vascular ultrasound, and peripheral intravenous line (PIV)...
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Online Social Network (OSN) is one of the biggest platforms that spread real and fake news. Many OSN users spread malicious data, fake news, and hoaxes using fake or social bot account for business, political and entertainment purposes. These accounts are also used to spread malicious URLs, viruses and malware. This paper proposes UCred (User Credi...
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Stack Overflow is a question and answer forum widely used by developers all over the world. Contributors share their knowledge on this platform not only in the form of answers, but also as comments to those answers. With millions of developer-contributed comments, the valuable knowledge contained within them remains difficult to locate by readers....
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ÖZET Günümüzde kırsal bölgelerin de yavaş yavaş yok olarak kentsel yaşam merkezlerine dönüşmesi ve kentlerde yapılaşmanın ve sert zemin miktarlarının artması sonucu kentsel ısı adaları oluşmuştur. Bu nedenle kentsel tasarımda iklim faktörü önemli bir rol oynamaktadır. Kentsel ısı adalarının kente ve kentliye olan olumsuz etkilerini minimize etmek ö...
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Purpose Diabetes is a prevalent comorbid condition among many women with breast cancer. The roles and responsibilities of managing diabetes during cancer care are unclear, as oncologists lack interest and clinical expertise and many patients stop seeing their primary care providers (PCPs). Uncertainty around who should manage diabetes for cancer pa...
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Urban and regional areas worldwide exhibit a complex and uneven distribution of activities with certain areas attracting more people during different time periods. In this study we systemically classify different parts of the urban area which are most attractive as measured by their ability to attract visitors. A weekly visiting profile is construc...
Article
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Spectrum-based fault localization (SFL) techniques have shown considerable effectiveness in localizing software faults. They leverage a ranking metric to automatically assign suspiciousness scores to certain entities in a given faulty program. However, for some programs, the current SFL ranking metrics lose effectiveness. In this paper, we introduc...
Article
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This paper explores the relation between campaign spending and votes, in France, relying on political financing reforms as a quasi-natural experiment to assess if and how spending affects votes, for both incumbent and challenger candidates in multiparty legislative elections. The French reforms were adopted in the mid-1990s, modifying the fundraisi...
Article
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Do the normal rules of the game apply in international organizations during a global pandemic? We explore this question by comparing regular and COVID-19 World Bank loans. Analyzing lending from April 2, 2020 (the start of COVID-19 lending) to December 31, 2020, we find different results for the two types of World Bank loans. Looking at regular loa...
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In this paper, we proposed Multi-model LSTM-based Pre-trained Convolutional Neural Networks (MLP-CNNs) as an ensemble majority voting classifier for the detection of plant diseases and pests. The proposed hybrid model is based on the combination of LSTM network with pre-trained CNN models. Specifically, in transfer learning, we adopted deep feature...
Article
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Background: In this paper, we integrate theory and research from sociology, psychology, and political science to develop and test a mediation model that helps to explain why political conservatism is often associated with pandemic behaviors and lifestyles that do not comply with public health recommendations for COVID-19. Methods: Using national da...
Article
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A voting rule that permits some voters to favor a candidate by revealing only the initial segment of their sincere rankings is said to be vulnerable to the truncation paradox. In this paper, we consider four models for counting truncated ballots, optimistic, pessimistic (the most common), averaged, and round-down. Under the impartial anonymous cult...
Article
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According to some influential interpretations, Rawls's later turn to political liberalism contributed significantly to the reorientation of contemporary normative political theory from justice to legitimacy-democratic legitimacy in particular. In this paper, I will not delve into whether these assumptions are correct. My main aim here is to show th...
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This paper examines state interest in the nine bases of congressional seat apportionment considered for the House of Representatives as part of the Fourteenth Amendment to the US Constitution. We ask, what if voters preferred apportionments that delivered larger vote shares to their state? We then show that among all states, one basis of apportionm...
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Objective: Several controversies remain on conservative management of cervical cancer. Our aim was to develop a consensus recommendation on important and novel topics of fertility‐sparing treatment of cervical cancer. Methods: The consensus was sponsored by the Brazilian Society of Surgical Oncology (BSSO) from March 2020 to September 2020 and incl...
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A growing amount of research conducted in digital, cooperative with advances in Artificial Intelligence, Computer Vision including Machine learning, has managed to the advance of progressive techniques that aim to detect and process affective information contained in multi-modal evidences. This research intends to bring together for theoreticians a...
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Accurate prediction of a user's movement path has various advantages for many applications, such as optimising a nurse's trajectory in a hospital and assisting elderly or disabled people and making them feel secure and protected in the places where they live. Recently, researchers have suggested techniques based on machine learning and deep learnin...
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Soon after the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, the French government decided to still hold the first round of the 2020 municipal elections as scheduled on March 15. What was the impact of these elections on the spread of COVID-19 in France? Answering this question leads to intricate econometric issues as omitted variables may drive both epidemiolog...
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Background Emergence of new coronavirus variants and waning immunity may necessitate regular COVID-19 vaccine boosters, but empirical data on population willingness for regular vaccination are limited. Methods In August 2021, we surveyed 3,067 quota-sampled German-speaking adults residing in the D-A-CH region (Germany, Austria, Switzerland). Using...
Article
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One of the forms of public participation in the local governance system is civic budgeting which actively engages residents in developing projects and voting on the submitted proposals. Civic budgeting aims to involve local communities in deciding how a defined portion of public resources should be allocated by means of a democratic debate. Public...
Article
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GPS Block IIR-M and Block IIF satellites have the capability of flex power, which can redistribute the transmitting power of different signal components. Flex power can effectively improve the anti-jamming performance of GPS signals and is part of the GPS modernization plans. Since 2020, two kinds of regional GPS flex power have been observed, one...
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The conventional fuzzy c-means clustering (FCM) algorithm is sensitive to noise because no spatial information is taken into account. Many related algorithms reduce the influence of noise by adding local information to the objective function. However, there are still many problems, such as poor edge-preserving and anti-noise performance. This paper...
Article
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Emotional speech recognition (ESR) has significant role in human-computer interaction. ESR methodology involves audio segmentation for selecting units to analyze, extract features relevant to emotion, and finally perform a classification process. Previous research assumed that a single utterance was the unit of analysis. They believed that the emot...
Preprint
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We argue that conservative political ideology is associated with poorer handling of COVID-19. In Study 1, Canadian provinces and territories were categorized in terms of whether there was a conservative majority in power. Infection and death rates in conservative provinces were higher and rose faster. Conservative provinces had higher infection and...
Article
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DeFi or decentralised finance is defined as financial services running on blockchain and controlled by the smart contract, often known as “code is law” in DeFi space, all set of operations run under the rules present on it. Once deployed on the blockchain, smart contract cannot be changed or modified. DeFi tends to make a new financial institution...
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The prediction of any commodities such as cryptocurrency, stocks, silver, gold is a challenging task for the investors, researchers, and analysts. In this work, we propose a model that forecasts the value of 1 ounce of gold in dollars by using regression ensemble-based approaches. To our knowledge, this is the very first study in terms of combining...
Research
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In this paper we investigate the effect of Donald Trump's campaign for coal in his successful race for the White House in 2016. Using a spatial Durbin model we estimate the effect of coal production on the Republicans vote share in the US Presidential Election of 2016 on the county level. To avoid biased estimates we take spillover effects into acc...
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Political marketing campaigns expend enormous effort each campaign season to influence voter turnout. This cyclical democratic process and nonstop news cycle foster an environment of media malaise. Voter pessimism undercuts participation through increased perceived alikeness among ballot options. Differentiation and consolidation theory describe th...
Chapter
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At the time of the original study, 1994-1995, I was an untenured assistant professor focused on studying beginning principals while also leading a state-required professional development for first- and second-year principals in Southeast Louisiana. I don’t recall how I found out about a nationwide study of beginning superintendents (Chapman, 1997),...
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The idea that the success of media personae in attracting audiences and maintaining their loyalty depends on the creation of a pseudo-friendship, known as para-social relationships, has been a mainstay of mass media research for more than half a century. Expanding the scope of para-social relationship research into the political realm, the notion t...
Preprint
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“ভোটং দেহি” (Begging Votes) is a video collage on the political parties, i.e., ideological state apparatuses and their pandemonium centring electoral politics in conjunction with crony capitalism. The video is the first staircase for heading towards the realm of participatory, partyless, decentralized democracy.
Article
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Privacy and transparency in vote counting are the most prevalent concerns these days due to the involvement of untrusted authorities in the counting process. As a result, the counting process faces significant privacy, trust, and transparency hurdles. Hence, there is a need for an efficient and trusted mechanism to resolve such problems. Blockchain...
Conference Paper
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With the prosperity of social networks, Influence maximization is a crucial analysis drawback within the field of network science due to its business value. In this regard, we propose the EAVoteRank++, inspired by VoteRank++, to iteratively select the influential node. It is commonly recognized that degree is a well-known centrality metric for iden...
Preprint
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Early diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is crucial in facilitating preventive care and delay progression. Speech based automatic AD screening systems provide a non-intrusive and more scalable alternative to other clinical screening techniques. Scarcity of such specialist data leads to uncertainty in both model selection and feature learning whe...
Article
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Human rights as citizens must be respected and guaranteed, one of which is political rights. The guarantee of human rights must be able to provide moral strength that is able to protect and guarantee human dignity based on the law, not on the basis of circumstances, wills, or certain political perspectives. Citizens' political rights are the right...
Article
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With the use of an intelligent video system, this research provides a method for detecting abnormal behavior based on the human skeleton and deep learning. To begin with, the spatiotemporal features of human bones are extracted through iterative training using the OpenPose deep learning network and the redundant information of human bone facial fea...
Article
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The healthcare systems are extensively being used with increased focus on safety of patients. Software engineering for healthcare applications is an emerging research area. Detecting defects is a critical step of software development process of healthcare applications. The performance of the Software Defect Prediction model (SDP) depends on the fea...
Article
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This paper aims to select the appropriate node(s) to effectively destabilize the terrorist network in order to reduce the terrorist group's effectiveness. Considerations are introduced in this literature as fuzzy soft sets. Using the weighted average combination rule and the D-S theory of evidence, we created an algorithm to determine which node(s)...
Article
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The idea of a smart city is to connect physical objects or things with sensors, software, electronics, and Internet connectivity for data communication through the Internet of Things (IoT) devices. IoT enhances productivity and efficacy intelligently using remote management, but the risk of security and privacy increases. Cyber threats are advancin...
Article
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Little has been written about Tehreek-e-Labbaik Pakistan (TLP), and what has been written, it introduced TLP as a social movement or a popular Islamist party (led by Khadim Hussian Rizwi) which grabbed vote over the issue of Hurmat-e-Rasool (Honor of the Prophet) and became third largest vote taking party in Punjab (General election 2018). Until no...
Article
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This work examined socioeconomic inequalities prevalent in Nigeria politics as a warning sign for the 2023 general elections. It argued that considering the contextual realities of poverty and illiteracy, the poor and illiterate constituents have less power to contest for political offices or to evaluate the credibility of public servants and to ho...
Conference Paper
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Abstrak Kehadiran perempuan sebagai pemimpin merupakan salah satu strategi bagi lahirnya kebijakan yang lebih adil dalam perspekrif gender. Banyaknya perempuan yang telah menjadi pemimpin dan menduduki jabatan di Pemerintahan. Walaupun banyak perempuan yang telah menjadi pemimpin bukan berarti tidak adanya hambatan untuk menuju kepemimpinan itu sen...
Preprint
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Several election districts in the US have recently moved to ranked-choice voting (RCV) to decide the results of local elections. RCV allows voters to rank their choices, and the results are computed in rounds, eliminating one candidate at a time. RCV ensures fairer elections and has been shown to increase elected representation of women and people...
Article
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Background: As concerns around student mental health increase, universities are looking at preventative and universal interventions. The aim was to conduct a systematic review of curriculum-embedded interventions that target student mental health and wellbeing at university. Method: This was a systematic review of longitudinal pre-/post-studies of...
Preprint
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Sequence clustering in a streaming environment is challenging because it is computationally expensive, and the sequences may evolve over time. K-medoids or Partitioning Around Medoids (PAM) is commonly used to cluster sequences since it supports alignment-based distances, and the k-centers being actual data items helps with cluster interpretability...
Preprint
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We consider the many-to-many bipartite matching problem in the presence of two-sided preferences and two-sided lower quotas. The input to our problem is a bipartite graph G = (A U B, E), where each vertex in A U B specifies a strict preference ordering over its neighbors. Each vertex has an upper quota and a lower quota denoting the maximum and min...
Article
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Recently, information technology has greatly impacted positively in all aspects of life, which actually with proven facts to a large extent, includes politics. The most recent method which is being adopted is the electronic voting (E-voting) system which is based on the use of mobile phone by the voters. To develop more on the electronic voting sys...
Article
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Direct democracy; ballot wording; information processing; decision aids; voting behavior Two laboratory studies (N = 240) were designed to explain and predict how people make decisions in low-information political environments. Guided by feelings-as-information theory, it was argued that when direct democracy ballot issues do not receive any campa...
Research
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மதிப்பிற்கும் வணங்குதலுக்கும் போற்றுதலுக்கும் உரிய நல்லாசிரியர் உயர்திரு இரா.பாலு ஐயா தலைமைஆசிரியர் . ஊராட்சி ஒன்றிய நடுநிலை பள்ளி கீச்சாங்குப்பம் ,நாகப்பட்டினம் மாவட்டம் ,தமிழ்நாடு ,இந்தியா அவர்களின் ஆசிகளுக்கும் வழிகாட்டுதலுக்கு கோடான கோடி மனமார்ந்த நன்றிகள், இந்த மாணவர்களின் மனம் நலம் மேம்படுத்தும் வழிகாட்டி பயிற்சிக்கு முழு மனதுடன் உதவிய நல்ல...
Article
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Security is fundamental to social, economic and political stability of any nation. A powerful nation is known by her security architecture. Nations of the World vote huge amount of money annually for security of lives and property. This study examined the prophet as a Watchman who will be held accountable for the blood of his audience if he fails i...
Preprint
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We propose and study a new class of polynomial voting rules for a general decentralized decision/consensus system, and more specifically for the PoS (Proof of Stake) protocol. The main idea, inspired by the Penrose square-root law and the more recent quadratic voting rule, is to differentiate a voter's voting power and the voter's share (fraction o...
Preprint
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Cognitive-Driven Development (CDD) is a coding design technique that aims to reduce the cognitive effort that developers place in understanding a given code unit (e.g., a class). By following CDD design practices, it is expected that the coding units to be smaller, and, thus, easier to maintain and evolve. However, it is so far unknown whether thes...
Article
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The number of people dying from lung cancer in the world is increasing day by day. Therefore, early diagnosis of lung cancer holds a prominent position for the recovery of patients. Chest computed tomography scan images that are clinical adjuncts are used in the diagnosis of lung cancer. Herein, the proposed method automatically diagnoses lung canc...
Chapter
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The goal of this study was to determine the level of patriotism among Zambian youngsters and whether voting is the only way for them to display their patriotism. One of the most important findings was that teenagers were able to define patriotism, even if it appeared to be hyperbole. Voting is not the only method to demonstrate patriotism; it is me...
Article
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Th e subject of the article are selected political rights and freedoms guaranteed by the Polish and Hungarian constitutions, which are analysed in the context of possible limitations due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Th e analysis covers the right to vote in elections and referendums, the freedom of expression and opinion, and the freedom of assembly....
Preprint
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Blockchain consensus is a state whereby each node in a network agrees on the current state of the blockchain. Existing protocols achieve consensus via a contest or voting procedure to select one node as a dictator to propose new blocks. However, this procedure can still lead to potential attacks that make consensus harder to achieve or lead to coor...
Article
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Advances in deep neural networks have led to significant improvement of object detection accuracy. However, object detection in crowded scenarios is a challenging task for neural networks since extremely overlapped objects provide fewer visible cues for a model to learn from. Further complicating the detection of overlapping objects is the fact tha...
Presentation
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Writing from sources (WFS) is a challenging work that comprises the selection, organization, and elaboration of information. Though its demands WFS is considered as useful for a deeper understanding of situations and contents that are covered by and spread over several documents. While there is evidence on the positive effects of transforming readi...
Article
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Blockchain is a disruptive technology and has attracted significant attention with prominent applications across finance, medical and many other systems. Electronic voting or e-voting is one of the emerging applications of blockchain leveraging benefits such as integrity, and non-repudiation of data. Whilst existing research has focused on using bl...
Article
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Background Social exclusion has far-reaching consequences that extend beyond regular activities and access to resources and knowledge; social exclusion is a major social determinant of health. However, there is a lack of evidence on social exclusion and health outcomes among India’s older adults. Thus, the current study investigates the association...
Research
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VOTE OF THANKS IT is my duty to submit my vote of thanks to கணித அறிவியல் இயக்கம் ,சென்னை இல்லம் தேடி கல்வி –பள்ளிக்கல்வித்துறை, தமிழ்நாடு அறிவியல் இயக்கம். இவர்கள் இணைந்து நடத்திய அறிவியல், கணித செயல்பாடுகள் பயிற்சி முகாமில் கருத்தாளராக கலந்து கொண்டு நிகழ்த்திய நிகழ்வுகளின் நன்றி நவிழல் . மொழியும் ,கல்வி செயல்பாடுகளும் என்ற தலைப்பில் எனது கருத்தின...
Preprint
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According to the Black’s law dictionary, a shareholder is a person who owns a portion of a company which is making a profit. He is also known as a stockholder and carries rights conferred by the statutory law and in some instances in the shareholder agreement. The companies can be either public limited companies or private limited companies. Typica...
Article
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Public attitudes toward science have risen for decades yet dropped in the most recent period coinciding with the emergence of anti-scientific populist discourses around the world. Controlling for a number of attitudinal and demographic factors, this study examines whether populist discourse and vote share as well as regime polity have an impact on...