Science topic

Vitamins - Science topic

Organic substances that are required in small amounts for maintenance and growth, but which cannot be manufactured by the human body.
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Publications related to Vitamins (10,000)
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Ensuing protein malnutrition in developing countries, an affordable protein food source needs to be distinguished. Fabaceae family accommodate moth bean ( Vigna aconitifolia L . ) as its one of the important members that ascertains exceptional nutritional composition. Moth bean is a drought-tolerant food legume of the tropics. Seeds of moth bean se...
Article
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Vegetables are the principal sources of vitamins and minerals that we essentially need. Despite India vegetable production sector being the second largest producer, next only to China, it suffers from 30-40% losses due to poor pre-harvest and postharvest practices. Application of insecticides at pre-harvest and fungicides at postharvest leaves the...
Article
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The aim of this review was to determine whether male football players meet dietary recommendations according to a UEFA expert group statement and to identify priority areas for dietetic intervention, including training periodization and field position. A database search of PubMed, Web of Science, EBSCO and Scopus was performed. To be included withi...
Article
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Introducción. Trichoderma spp. posee varios mecanismos para ayudar con la promoción del crecimiento de las plantas: síntesis de fitohormonas, producción de vitaminas, solubilización de nutrientes, aumento de la captación y translocación de nutrientes, mayor desarrollo de la raíz y aumentos en la tasa metabólica. Objetivo. Evaluar la promoción del c...
Article
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Background: Fertil Aid for Men is a non-prescription dietary supplement, it's a mixture of multiple antioxidants, vitamins, a blend of herbal ingredients, and amino acid, as L-Carnitine. This research aims to appraise the effectiveness of a mixture of vitamins and antioxidants on seminal fluid parameters in males with idiopathic infertility.
Article
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Purpose Diet may play an essential role in the aetiology of bladder cancer (BC). The B group complex vitamins involve diverse biological functions that could be influential in cancer prevention. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between various components of the B group vitamin complex and BC risk. Methods Dietary dat...
Article
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The implications of vitamin D deficiency on the immune system have become clearer in recent years, being associated with less immune response following HBV vaccine. We aimed to elucidate the effect of vitamin D supplementation and UVB exposure on short- and long-term performance of hepatitis B vaccine. Forty-five male rabbits were randomly divided...
Article
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Purpose This study investigated whether UVB-exposed wheat germ oil (WGO) is capable to improving the vitamin D status in healthy volunteers. Methods A randomized controlled human-intervention trial in parallel design was conducted in Jena (Germany) between February and April. Ultimately, 46 healthy males and females with low mean 25-hydroxyvitamin...
Article
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Vitamin C (Vit C) is an essential micronutrient and antioxidant for human health. Unfortunately, Vit C cannot be produced in humans and is ingested through diet while severe deficiencies can lead to scurvy. However, consumption is often inconsistent, and foods vary in Vit C concentrations. Biofortification, the practice of increasing micronutrient...
Chapter
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Çalışma kapsamında COVID-19 salgınına odaklanılarak, bu salgın döneminde yayımlanan haberlere yönelik eleştirel söylem çözümlemesi gerçekleştirilmiştir. Araştırma kapsamında olasılıklı olmayan örnekleme yöntemi kullanılmıştır ve COVID-19’a yönelik ilaçlar, vitaminler, bitki ve besinler kullanmayı öneren/önermeyen haberler incelenmiştir. Çalışmanın...
Article
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Coronary heart disease and its complications remain the most common cause of morbidity and mortality throughout the world. In addition, its incidence among adults <45 years of age has also been steadily increasing in the past few decades. Besides the typical aetiology such as coronary artery abnormalities or autoimmune disorders, increasing rates c...
Chapter
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OSB, yaşamın ilk yıllarında ortaya çıkmakta ve etiyolojisi kesin olarak bilinmemektedir. OSB oluşumunda tek bir faktörden çok, genetik ve çevresel faktörlerin çoklu mekanizmalar halinde etkili olduğu ileri sürülmektedir (Risch & ark.,2014). Bir meta-analizde, genetik faktörlerin OSB oluşumunda %74-93 oranında katkıda bulunmakla birlikte yine de tek...
Article
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Buffaloes are raised mainly to obtain milk that is nutritionally very rich. The technological characteristics of buffalo milk are optimal for processing into cheese, and it is mainly used to produce mozzarella cheese. Under stressful conditions, buffaloes, like other animals, produce milk qualitatively poorly. The stressors that can affect the qual...
Article
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Animal diets now a days contain a wide range of plant-based materials, as well as rendered animals and animal waste, antibiotics, and vitamins. Various feed components are utilised in the meal, depending on the animal. Animals will need to be supplemented during late pregnancy, early lactation, or rapid growth to ensure that requirements are satisf...
Article
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Introduction: Vitamin D deficiency is linked to many diseases. Many studies have studied Vitamin Ddeficiency. We studied Vitamin D deficiency in Indian population.Methods: We enrolled a total of 152 patients. 46 of these patients were on Insulin therapy and the restwere on oral hypoglycaemic agents. Patients with liver disease, renal disease or oth...
Article
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Active vitamin D form 1α,25-dihydroxtvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3) plays pivotal roles in calcium homeostasis and osteogenesis via its transcription regulation effect via binding to vitamin D receptor (VDR). Mutated VDR often causes hereditary vitamin D-dependent rickets (VDDR) type II, and patients with VDDR-II are hardly responsive to physiological do...
Article
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Menaquinone-7 (MK-7) offers significant health benefits; however, only the all-trans form is biologically active. MK-7 produced through fermentation can occur as all-trans and cis isomers, and the therapeutic value of the resulting MK-7 is exclusively determined by the quantity of the all-trans isomer. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the...
Article
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ABSTRAK Dalam melawan COVID-19 diperlukan daya tahan tubuh yang kuat. Salah satu cara untuk menjaga daya tahan tubuh tetap sehat adalah dengan menerapkan pola makanan dan minuman bergizi. Ada beberapa makanan dan minuman yang mampu memperkuat sistem kekebalan tubuh salah satunya adalah mengandung vitamin C. Vitamin C adalah vitamin yang larut dalam...
Article
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El limón (Citrus aurantifolia), se destaca como una de las fuentes abundantes de ácido ascórbico (vitamina C). La disponibilidad de dicha vitamina puede ser reducida significativamente durante el procesamiento industrial del limón por acción de la temperatura, entre otras variables de interés. El objetivo de este trabajo es evaluar la degradación d...
Article
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Background Hereditary fructose intolerance (HFI) is a rare inborn error of fructose metabolism caused by the deficiency of aldolase B. Since treatment consists of a fructose-, sucrose- and sorbitol-restrictive diet for life, patients are at risk of presenting vitamin deficiencies. Although there is no published data on the status of these vitamins...
Article
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Purpose Medical complications of eating disorders in males are understudied compared to females, as is the case of vitamin D deficiency. The aim of this study was to assess vitamin D levels among male and female adolescents and young adults hospitalized for medical complications of eating disorders. Methods We retrospectively reviewed electronic m...
Article
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Diabetes mellitus has become a troublesome and increasingly widespread condition. Treatment strategies for diabetes prevention in high-risk as well as in affected individuals are largely attributed to improvements in lifestyle and dietary control. Therefore, it is important to understand the nutritional factors to be used in dietary intervention. A...
Preprint
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It is shown that long-lived states (LLS) involving pairs of methylene protons in nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) can be readily excited in common molecules that contain two or more neighboring CH$_2$ groups. Accessing such LLS does not require any isotopic enrichment, nor does it require any stereogenic centers to lift the chemical equivalence of...
Article
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This paper reviews the technological solutions used to stabilize the sea buckthorn (Elaeagnus rhamnoides, syn. Hippophae rhamnoides) juice. Sea buckthorn is a nutraceutical crop of growing interest due to the health benefits of its berries active ingredients-essential (unsaturated) fatty acids, vitamins, antioxidants, and minerals. The turbid juice...
Article
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The aim was to investigate, among pregnant women, (1) the use of food supplements and (2) the awareness of food supplement recommendations and beliefs about food supplement use in four European countries: Finland, Italy, Poland, and the United Kingdom. The participants (n = 1804) completed an online questionnaire with predefined statements. Daily i...
Article
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Asthma, as a chronic inflammatory condition of the airways, has a considerable prevalence among children. Vitamin D might play a role in asthma pathogenesis by affecting the development of the lung, regulating the immune responses, and remodeling of airway smooth muscle (ASM). Study results on the association between the serum level of vitamin D an...
Article
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Poor sleep status is associated with several health problems. Nutritional biomarkers and factors related to poor sleep are understudied. This study aimed to identify nutrition biomarkers and factors related to sleep status in healthy young Saudi females. The study included 92 normal-weight and obese Saudi females aged 19–25. Fasting blood glucose,...
Article
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We report the first data on 25-hydroxyvitamin D plasma levels in natural populations of three species of land iguana endemic to the Galápagos Islands (Conolophus marthae, C. subcristatus, and C. pallidus). The pigment is present throughout the whole body in the skin of C. subcristatus and C. pallidus. On the contrary, pigment is not present in the...
Article
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Capsicum annuum L. (chilli) is a commonly used vegetable throughout the world in different varieties belongs to the family Solanaceae. It is used as nourishments and spice. Fresh chilli is a good source of different vitamins including vitamin E and C as well as provitamin A and carotenoid components with well-known beneficial antioxidant properties...
Article
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Background: Phosphorus has been pointed out as one of most important in oilseed crop wich is responsible for vegetative growth,reproduction and consequently yield of mustard. Sulphur element is important for crop growth and development especially in oilseed. At present, 42% of Indian soil have been found to the sulphur deficient, sulphur is essenti...
Article
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Introduction: The aim of the study was to identify the consumption of vitamin and folic acid supplements before and during pregnancy in a group of post-partum women (Romanian, Hungarian, and Roma) from Mureș County, Romania, and the influence of socio-economic and behavioral factors on the consumption of vitamins. Materials and methods: This cro...
Book
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The training manual describes modern approaches, methods and tools used for stages of creation, implementation, use, control of drugs and products of biotechnological origin, intended for use in the agro-industrial complex. Particularly, the issues of microbiological control of soils, analysis of biological preparations for crop and animal husbandr...
Article
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One of the biggest challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic is the heterogeneity in disease severity exhibited amongst patients. Among multiple factors, latest studies suggest vitamin D deficiency and pre-existing health conditions to be major contributors to death from COVID-19. It is known that certain urban form attributes can impact sun exposure and...
Article
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Introduction: Vitamin D has immunomodulatory effects and vitamin D deficiency has been associated with autoimmune responses and increased risk of infections. Vitamin D-mediated antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory responses play an effective role in the prevention of various respiratory tract infections including coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)....
Article
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The last decade has seen a strong proliferation of therapeutic strategies for the treatment of metabolic and age-related diseases based on increasing cellular NAD+ bioavailability. Among them, the dietary supplementation with NAD+ precursors—classically known as vitamin B3—has received most of the attention. Multiple molecules can act as NAD+ precu...
Article
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During pregnancy, appropriate nutritional support is necessary for the development of the foetus. Maternal nutrition might protect the foetus from toxic agents such as free radicals due to its antioxidant content. In this study, 90 mothers and their children were recruited. DNA damage mediated by oxidative stress (OS) was determined by the levels o...
Article
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The temporal activation of siRNA provides a valuable strategy for the regulation of siRNA activity and conditional gene silencing. The bioorthogonal bond-cleavage reaction of benzonorbonadiene and tetrazine is a promising trigger in siRNA temporal activation. Here, we developed a new method for the bio-orthogonal chemical activation of siRNA based...
Article
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The transition of foods during toddlerhood and the suboptimal diets consumed in the Middle East make children susceptible to malnutrition and micro-nutrient deficiencies. Based on international recommendations, coupled with the merits of clinical studies on the application of young child formula (YCF), a group of fourteen experts from the Middle Ea...
Article
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Frailty is a state of accelerated aging that increases susceptibility to adverse health outcomes. Due to its high societal and personal costs, there is growing interest in discovering beneficial interventions to attenuate frailty. Many of these interventions involve the use of lifestyle modifications such as dietary supplements. Testing these inter...
Article
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Traumatic hoof avulsion in two bulls was successfully managed with cleaning of dirt and tissue debris followed by surgical debridment and post-operative care with topical and parenteral antibacterials, anti-flea treatment and supportive vitamin therapy
Article
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Background:Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin and also considered a steroid hormone, that plays an important role in the proper functioning of many organs of the body.Adequate vitamin D status plays a very important role in terms of appropriate brain development and function .Regarding vitamin D,it's participation in the central nervous system's fu...
Article
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Onion has been used to cure various health problems and has many functional and therapeutic values. Its bulbs are a rich source of sulphur-containing organic compounds, minerals, vitamins, etc. However, value of onion bulbs as a source of vitamin C specifically is undervalued. Vitamin C or ascorbic acid is an indispensable constituent of all living...
Conference Paper
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Simulated scenarios and roleplay are important ways to prepare students for the challenges of veterinary practice. At the veterinary school (EISMV) in Dakar, Senegal, the LABOSIM use an example involves students roleplaying a case as a veterinarian who has caused the death of a stallion following an intramuscular vitamin injection. All sociocultura...
Article
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The case study was undertaken in a Doberman pincher dog having gradual perineal swelling over a period of one and half month. Radiograph of affected region revealed fold of intestine containing hard faecal mass confirming perineal hernia. After supportive treatment with fluid, vitamin and enema, surgical correction was performed using a non absorba...
Article
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Dependence on multiple nutritional bacterial symbionts forming a metabolic unit has repeatedly evolved in many insect species that feed on nutritionally unbalanced diets such as plant sap. This is the case for aphids of the subfamilies Lachninae and Chaitophorinae, which have evolved di-symbiotic systems in which the ancient obligate nutritional sy...
Article
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Most studies on osteoarthritis (OA) and vitamin D status were performed in Whites with relatively adequate vitamin D status. Associations may differ by baseline 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and race. We assessed the odds of OA and joint pain according to vitamin D status in Korean adults ≥ 50 years of age in the nationally representative Korea Nat...
Article
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Camel milk (CM) constitutes an important dietary source in the hot and arid regions of the world. CM is a colloidal mixture of nutritional components (proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, vitamins, and minerals) and non-nutritional components (hormones, growth factors, cytokines, immunoglobulins, and exosomes). Although the majority of previous researc...
Article
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The Ghanaian population is experiencing an upsurge in obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D) due to rapid urbanization. Besides dietary factors, vitamin D-related genetic determinants have also been shown to contribute to the development of obesity and T2D. Hence, we aimed to examine the interactions between dietary factors and vitamin D-related genetic...
Article
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The effect of different drying methods (sun drying, oven drying, microwave drying and Toasting) on the quality characteristics of African pear (Dacroydes edulis) mesocarp flour was investigated and assessed for functional, proximate, mineral, dietary fibre, vitamin compositions and peroxide value. Toasting gave better functional properties. Sun dri...
Article
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Background Vascular calcification is strongly related to the risk of mortality and cardiovascular (CV) diseases. In vascular calcification, matrix Gla protein (MGP), a small vitamin K-dependent protein, is an important mineralization inhibitor. Recent studies showed that circulating MGP is associated with mortality risk. However, the longitudinal a...
Article
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A selective and sensitive voltammetric sensor was constructed using a Poly(methyl orange)/glassy carbon electrode (PMO/GCE). The PMO/GCE sensor was applied to investigate the electrochemical behavior of ascorbic acid (AA) and vitamin B2 (VB2) in the PBS buffer solution. The sensor was applied for the individual and simultaneous determination of AA...
Article
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Intrahepatic cholestasis is the most common hepatobiliary complication of pregnancy. Worsening cholestasis, measured by total bile acid levels, has been associated with an increased incidence of adverse fetal outcomes; however, maternal morbidity remains rare. This report highlights a case of severe fat-soluble vitamin deficiency suspected to be se...
Article
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The use of antioxidants in atopic dermatitis (AD) is controversial. We conducted a systematic review and meta‐analysis to evaluate the efficacy and safety of antioxidants therapy in AD. Randomised clinical trials were identified from Medline, Embase and Cochrane library. Changes from baseline in severity and itch score were extracted from individua...
Article
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Background: Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is a systemic disorder caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome corona virus (SARS-COV-2). No established curative treatment for this disease is yet invented. Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) significantly facilitates in worsening COVID 19 infections. Till now, there is no definite verification on its impact...
Article
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The introduction of vitamin E‐blended ultra‐high molecular weight polyethylene (VE‐UHMWPE) for use in prosthetic components of hip implants has resulted in the production of implants that have excellent mechanical properties and substantially less adverse cellular responses. Given the importance of a biological response to wear in the survival of a...
Article
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Peanuts (Arachis hypogaea L.) with high oleic acid content have extended shelf life and several health benefits. Oleic, linoleic, and palmitic acid contents in peanuts are regulated by ahFAD2A and ahFAD2B mutant alleles. In the present study, ahFAD2A and ahFAD2B mutant alleles from SunOleic 95R were introgressed into two popular peanut cultivars, G...
Article
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Vitamin D has been described as an essential nutrient and hormone, which can cause nuclear, non-genomic, and mitochondrial effects. Vitamin D not only controls the transcription of thousands of genes, directly or indirectly through the modulation of calcium fluxes, but it also influences the cell metabolism and maintenance specific nuclear programs...
Article
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The pseudocereal grain, Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.), has a great nutritional value due to its high contents of proteins, fiber, minerals, and vitamins. However, saponins naturally present outside the grains represent an obstacle to their consumption as human food. Before consumption, the grains are subjected to various treatments, which alte...
Article
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Vitamin D is an important vitamin that has hormone‐like effects in the human body. 1,25‐dihydroxy vitamin D (1,25(OH)2 D) is known as the active form of vitamin D. Activated vitamin D can affect cellular proliferation, apoptosis, cellular membrane transport, immune system, and aging through genes. Postoperative atrial fibrillation (PoAF) is an impo...
Article
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Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy is a disorder characterized by pruritus and elevated liver function tests and bile acids. Poor vitamin absorption and, as a result, hypovitaminosis K can occur as a result of the pathology. Given the known effects of vitamin K, the authors considered that hypovitaminosis K could increase the risk of coagulopath...