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Visual Anthropology - Science topic

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Publications related to Visual Anthropology (1,329)
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Foreword written by Dick Chalfen ( Centre for Visual Anthropology, temple University).
Thesis
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This research investigates the potential in employing headset augmented reality (AR) for interactive documentary when the contributors are collaboratively involved in the production process. This research has grown out of the intersection of interactive documentary (incorporating methods from documentary production more broadly), immersive media st...
Article
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Sylvia Caiuby Novaes é professora do Departamento de Antropologia da Universidade de São Paulo (USP) e dedica-se há cerca de 50 anos à pesquisa e ao ensino em antropologia. Entre outras realizações, ela é uma das pioneiras da antropologia visual no Brasil, é fundadora do Laboratório de Imagem e Som da Antropologia (LISA) e editora responsável pela...
Article
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As photography becomes more prevalent in ethnographic research, scholars should more seriously consider the photo essay as a medium for sharing their work. In this Position Piece, we present guidelines for the creation of ethnographic photo essays for medical anthropology that do not simply combine image and text, but create a balance that allows w...
Article
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The use of experimental platforms in social sciences is recent. Their introduction has encountered several obstacles. The first is the a priori critical attitude towards the tools used in monitoring devices, as they could be described as Orwellian, grounded on George Orwell’s famous novel 1984. This perspective is in line with the critical nature o...
Book
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Patrimonio vivo del Uruguay. Relevamiento de Candombe reúne cuatro informes de consultoría realizados por diferentes autores para la Comisión Nacional del Uruguay para la UNESCO. Los relevamientos se llevaron a cabo entre 2013 y 2014, bajo las perspectivas histórica, musicológica o antropológica. Capítulo: Candombe de hoy por Olga Picún Este traba...
Article
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Članek se ukvarja z reprezentacijo gospodinjskega dela, dvojnega bremena in materinstva v (vizualni) antropologiji in etnografskem filmu, in sicer z analizo teoretičnih prispevkov in obravnavo izbranih etnografskih filmov, ki neposredno naslavljajo žensko vlogo v gospodinjstvu, materinstvo in skrbstveno nego ter usklajevanje gospodinjskega dela s p...
Chapter
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With the emergence of cyber-culture and new digital media, the present-day global society has turned into a ‘networked society’ powered by micro-electronics-based information and communication technology. Communities around the world are now interacting with each other virtually over the internet, corporations are now moving into opening their stor...
Article
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La relación entre las ciencias y su producción imaginal, sobre todo en el campo de las ciencias sociales, existe desde temprana fecha, aunque su estudio explícito ha sufrido vaivenes a lo largo del tiempo. En el caso de la ciencia antropológica, se reconoce la importancia de la producción audiovisual ya desde el siglo XIX, pero a lo largo del siglo...
Book
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A Amazônia parece não caber na academia oficial, muito menos nos gabinetes da burocracia e nos conselhos administrativos das corporações, ainda que sejam esses alguns dos principais atores decidindo sobre o seu futuro. Há pois grande necessidade de buscar novas maneiras de pensar e de promover um diálogo amplo entre os grupos sociais afetados pelo...
Chapter
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Análisis del documental Mur Murs de Agnés Varda desde la semiótica social y la antropología visual.
Research Proposal
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Vos activités : Accompagnement de l'enseignement et de la recherche en "Religions, Migration, Arts" (50% du taux d'activité) et rédaction d'une thèse de doctorat dans ce domaine (50% du taux d'activité) Votre profil : • Master en anthropologie, sociologie, sciences sociales, sciences des religions, géographie humaine (migration), gender studies, u...
Article
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Resumo Nesta entrevista, concedida em 16 de setembro de 2021, por mais de duas horas, via Googlemeet, Cornélia Ercket fala da graduação em ciências sociais, na Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), para iniciar o relato sobre a trajetória intelectual construída ao longo de mais de 30 anos. Voltou às condições em que realizou sua disser...
Article
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Esse artigo aborda modalidades de usos de antropologia visual, que referem a quatro pesquisas bastante diversas entre si. Nosso argumento é que os quatro casos apresentam um vínculo entre si que indicam uma linhagem da fotoetnografia, trabalhos onde a imagem é tomada como central na narrativa etnográfica. Inicialmente, apresentamos um relato histór...
Thesis
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Abstract in portuguese and english below. Resumo em português: Esta dissertação contribui ao campo da ciência aberta, principalmente aos estudos que se debruçam sobre a abertura de dados de pesquisa em repositórios digitais na web. De forma específica, investiga-se as lacunas de estudo existentes na abertura de dados às disciplinas das humanidade...
Article
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Yakutia is a region, where 40% of territories are located in the Arctic zone; it belongs to a geographic zone with extreme natural and climatic conditions, where traditional types of farming continue to prevail. Today, the modern processes in the field of ethnic selfidentification and revival take place in it considering its geopolitical significan...
Article
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This paper is an attempt, based on many years of following the International Festival of Ethnological Film, organized by the Ethnographic Museum in Belgrade, to provide insight into the way in which it has so far fulfilled its purpose, while at the same time experiencing tumultuous, occasionally even tragic events and processes. The main question c...
Article
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The article is devoted to the analysis of one of modern Russia’s local or group historical narratives, which articulates the mystical connection of the north-Russian population with Finno-Ugric shamanic practices based on runes «Kalevala». The TV series «Northern Lights» (the original script of Victoria Platova) in the genre of a mystical detective...
Article
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Imagens nos (e dos) movimentos sociais: o cotidiano e o extraordinário nos protestos de rua em Imperatriz-MA1 Images in (and from) social movements: the daily and the extraordinary in street protests in Imperatriz-MA Jesus Marmanillo Pereira Universidade Federal do Maranhão, São Luís, Maranhão, Brasil Por meio de um estudo interdisciplinar, valemo-...
Article
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Resumo No ano de 2021 comemora-se o aniversário de 25 anos da fotoetnografia. Para celebrarmos um quarto de século da emergência desse campo no âmbito da antropologia visual, realizamos uma entrevista com Luiz Eduardo Robinson Achutti. A entrevista está estruturada em torno de três tópicos. O primeiro dialoga sobre a trajetória profissional e acadê...
Article
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How can images be used as an expressive, yet clearly limited, tool to represent “the other” in ethnographic films? Based on the objectives of visual anthropology and visual communication, this article analyzes the four presentational traditions of meaning construction. These traditions have been incorporated into the audio-visual communication cont...
Article
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Two different ethnographic methodologies are interwoven in this text: the textile art and the audiovisual documentation, both of them as aesthetic experiences that call forth social organization and collective action within contexts of violence. The exercising of memory and the bodily work that these ethnographic proposals imply, have allowed me to...
Article
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Five articles about pictorial materials that were published in Visual Anthropology Review were read with an aim to compare the research approaches of anthropology and visual communication design. This text focuses on three themes in the five articles that relate to pictorial materials: processes, terminology, and the objectivity of visual evidence....
Article
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In its development of one hundred years, anthropology evolved from travelogues of explorers to in-depth exploration of human from all possible angles. In its every venture, anthropologists were/are always in try to get closer to cultural affairs and dive deeper into human subjectivity. To achieve these purposes a series of theories and methods were...
Article
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El presente artículo aborda las prácticas culturales como (re)productoras de cultura e identidad en el Barrio Chino de La Habana. En base a los resultados obtenidos de una investigación bajo las lógicas de producción comunicativa, alentadas como modalidad para la culminación de estudios de la carrera de Periodismo, en la Facultad de Comunicación de...
Article
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Globalization has long had a westernized and westernizing meaning. The word “globalization” itself represents an enduring modern conflict among major Kulturkreise (cultural circles). Today, another major “non-western” major Kulturkreis, East Asia, or more specifically, China (which both suffered and benefited from a radical westernization), has rea...
Article
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En este ensayo exponemos una relación entre las imágenes y la teoría antropológica que da respuesta a algunos debates contemporáneos de la antropología social, centrándonos principalmente en la denominada crisis de la autoridad etnográfica. Entendemos que tal análisis contribuye a la discusión sobre el compromiso ético y epistemológico del trabajo...
Presentation
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Uma imagem é sempre uma forma de compreendermos o mundo que nos rodeia. Segundo Berger, no seu Ensaio sobre a imagem em 1972, “seeing comes before words”. Vivemos numa sociedade profundamente marcada por uma cultura visual e, por essa razão, novos contextos e fenómenos se relevam ao investigador. Uma “construção visual do campo social” como Micthel...
Article
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Over the last years, public engagement has become a topic of scholarly and policy debate particularly in biomedicine, a field that increasingly centres around collecting, sharing and analysing personal data. However, the use of big data in biomedicine poses specific challenges related to gaining public support for health data usage in research and...
Chapter
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Margaret Mead und Gregory Bateson gehörten in den 1930er und 1940er Jahren zu den führenden Vertretern der Cultural Anthropology in den USA. Die Anthropologie bot ihnen nicht nur einen Schlüssel, um das Verhältnis von »culture« und »personality« besser zu verstehen, sondern diente ihnen ebenso als Werkzeug, um die Haltung der amerikanischen Bevölke...
Article
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Resumo: Esta contribuição resgata cotidiano de longevos criadores campesinos de gado bovino nas pastagens autóctones dos Campos de Cima da Serra, com reconhecida ciência no ofício de elaboração de queijos de altitude do sul do Brasil a partir de leite cru, em contexto de pesquisa etnográfica. A respectiva observação participante consistiu na imagét...
Article
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In modern anthropology, researchers pay increasing attention to photographic data as a category of histori-cal/ethnographic documents. This article is based on visual and anthropological materials of Bronislaw Pilsudsky (1866–1918), a renowned researcher of Sakhalin ethnic groups, collected by the authors from the archives and museums in the Far Ea...
Article
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Visual communication is far from new and is almost as old as the social sciences. In the last decades, the interest in the visual dimension of society as well as towards the visual as expression of local and global cultures increased to the extent that specific disciplinary approaches took root-e.g. visual anthropology and visual sociology. Neverth...
Article
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The aim of this article is to describe an open-source application (Vifeco) that makes it possible to manually identify features on a video. Vifeco also allows to: manage the number of users, create a category (feature) and a collection of categories, read video and identify the features on it, and analyze the counting concordance between two users....
Article
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দৃশ্যনৃবিজ্ঞান (visual anthropology) সমাজ-সম্পর্কের জটিলতা ও গুঢ়গভীর মানবিক আবেদন ব্যাখ্যায় চলচ্চিত্রের দ্বারস্থ হয়। আমিস চলচ্চিত্রটি ফ্রয়েডিয় মনোসমীক্ষণ এবং নৃবিজ্ঞানের একাধিক জটিল বাঁককে একটি প্রেমের গল্পের আদলে উপস্থাপন করেছে। এই প্রবন্ধে সেই মনোবিশ্লেষণ এবং নৃবৈজ্ঞানিক অভিজ্ঞানের একটি চুলচেরা নৃতাত্ত্বিক ও নন্দনতাত্ত্বিক বিশ্লেষণ হাজির করা...
Article
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Book Review of Anastasia Samoylova's FloodZone (2019).According to the publisher, Steidl Press, Anastasia Samoloyva’s FloodZone is a “photographic account of life on the climatic knife-edge of the southern United States. … Subtle and often unsettling images capture the mood of waiting, knowing the climate is changing, but living with it” (back cove...
Article
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El presente ensayo busca mostrar, a través de una singularidad de imágenes, cómo los mitos, en una de sus múltiples ramificaciones expresivas, se materializan de manera narrativa en lo que denominamos expresiones plásticas del buen andante. Sus unidades mínimas operan con significantes construidos en una multiplicidad de objetos que remiten al anda...
Article
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A paradigm shift within academia, and visual anthropology in particular, calls researchers to attune their lenses of human connection-vis-à-vis their digital lens and epistemologies. This paper will argue the potential of contemporary visual anthropology-employed as a community-based research methodology, form of knowledge mobilisation, and pedagog...
Article
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The paper aims to discuss the role that visual anthropology and subaltern cultural medias play among the considered indigenous peoples in the Chinese speaking world, and particularly in the four cross-Strait territories of China, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macao. This paper suggests a semantic and historic analysis of the terms of indigenous, while retr...
Book
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Trata-se de um dossiê de Antropologia Visual com 12 ensaios fotoetnográficos que refletem a questão da diversidade sexual e de gênero em diferentes localidades do Brasil. Os ensaios mostram as diversas formas de viver a sexualidade e o gênero para além dos grandes centros e/ou dos convencionais campos/temas de pesquisa, situando essa experiência co...
Thesis
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In South Indian martial art systems, teachers are the gatekeepers of knowledge. Much of this martial and medical knowledge is attributed to Siddhars or other Yogis, who are quasi-historical, or mythological figures, believed to possess magical powers. In the absence of a single fundamental text and the presence of a plethora of non-standardized tex...
Cover Page
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Em co-autoria com Cornelia Eckert, Fabrício Barreto e Felipe Rodrigues realiza-se a apresentação do conjunto de ensaios de antropologia visual contidos em edição especial da revista Fotocronografias, versando sobre a experiência da manutenção da atividade acadêmica na situação pandêmica Covid-19 durante o ano de 2020.
Article
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This article defends the thesis that cooperation between science and audio-visual methods can become close enough to occasion the appearance of an audio-visual historiography, analogous to visual anthropology (in other words, ethnographic film), which is considered an independent form of presenting the process of inquiry under the governance of sci...
Book
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Ce livre est une tentative pour saisir par l’image les effets du capitalisme sur une ville située à la périphérie des grands centres mondiaux d’affaires. Dans cette ville entièrement dépendante des importations, on s’active pour survivre, on bricole comme on peut pour faire face à l’insupportable, et l’on rêve de prospérité.
Article
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The purpose of this work is to study the visual and acoustic relationship of painting and music in the Middle Ages. When writing the article the authors focused on modern sources and used such important for the socio-humanitarian sciences methods of research as comparative, phenomenological, semiotic, art history, cultural studies and visual anthro...
Article
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Račiūnaitė-Paužuolienė Rasa, Interview with Prof. Marcus Banks, PROFESSOR OF VISUAL ANTHROPOLOGY AND FORMER HEAD OF THE SCHOOL OF ANTHROPOLOGY AND MUSEUM ETHNOGRAPHY AT THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD
Article
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The article is dedicated to the anniversary of Boris Vasilyevich Markov, the famous philosopher of Saint Petersburg, Russia. The author of the article, basing on many years of personal experience and professional communication with the hero of the day, presents an expressive and holistic image of Markov as a person and as a philosopher according to...
Article
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The subject of the research is the essence and specificity of socio-cultural aspects of the first stages of construction of the Moscow metro as phenomena of architecture in extreme environments. The object of research is the socio-cultural aspects of the architecture in extreme environments. The study provides their classification. The author relie...
Article
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Despite significant strides from the beginning of the 20th century, there was no systematic or institutionalized reflection on photography in Serbian ethnology and anthropology until the 1980s. Until then, photography was mainly used as an additional technical tool for field recording, documenting, and presenting field materials in museums or scien...
Article
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Abstract. This poetic construction addresses authorial experience based on an intense, immersive relationship constituted by the photographic observation that occurred during deliberate confinement in the family home. The subsequent combination of writing with clippings and the arrangement of the shots obtained over several months in the same place...
Article
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En la actualidad, el intern et es una de las pri ncipales fu entes de info rmación que acceden los padre s de niños y niñas con Tra storno del Espectro Autis ta (TEA), o que sospechan quesus hijos lo puedan tener. Esta situación hace re levante la existencia de siti os web que ofrecen info rmación a los padre s y bri ndan ayuda en el proceso de aco...
Article
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Resenho os diferentes trabalhos publicados no volume 6 número 13 da Revista Fotocronografias, que se dedica a lançar um olhar ao campo da antropologia do trabalho, a partir da antropologia visual.
Article
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Um dos maiores desafios contemporâneos postos à Antropologia Visual/da Imagem realizada nas Sociedades Complexas Brasileiras é o trabalho com a questão ambiental. Neste artigo, expomos duas incursões intelectuais realizadas nos últimos três anos na área temática de pesquisa sobre Memória Ambiental. A intenção é demonstrar, a partir de narrativas te...
Chapter
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Neste capítulo, proponho uma abordagem sobre a contribuição dos métodos da antropologia social para o estudo das culturas materiais e visuais das religiões, no contexto da chamada “antropologia visual”. Num primeiro momento, recupero uma delimitação entre as diferentes etapas do fazer antropológico, a partir das relações entre etnografia, etnologia...
Article
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This paper will take the film The Rules from Ancestors as the basis to discuss the “writing” process of ethnographic film, addressing how a contemporary visual ethnography can be realized through the presentation of a film on ethnic culture. The Rules from Ancestors is an anthropological film about the Traditional Customary Law of the Yi people in...
Article
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In the last academic year, two international scientific conferences were held in Riga, focusing on the anthropological dimension in the field of social sciences. Baltic International Academy (Riga, Latvia) in cooperation with the Institute of Ethnology and Folklore Studies with Ethnographic Museum of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (Sofia, Bulga...
Article
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Resumo Este artigo parte da interlocução com a associação Mães pela Diversidade do estado de Goiás, Brasil, para analisar a performance do “ativismo materno” que combate violências cometidas contra filhos e filhas lésbicas, gays, bissexuais, travestis, transexuais, intersexos, queers e outras expressões de gênero (LGBTIQ+). Por meio de registros et...
Article
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Multimodality refers to a performative and interpretative order in which signs of different channels of communication, sensory perceptions, or modes of embodiment are integrated into emergent assemblages. In multimodal interactions, assemblages are built of multiple participants' talk, techniques of body motion, and actions with material objects. I...
Presentation
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Uma imagem é sempre uma forma de compreendermos o mundo que nos rodeia. Segundo Berger, no seu Ensaio sobre a imagem em 1972, “seeing comes before words”. Vivemos numa sociedade profundamente marcada por uma cultura visual e, por essa razão, novos contextos e fenómenos se relevam ao investigador. Uma “construção visual do campo social” como Micthel...
Article
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This article demonstrates an analytical and arts-based approach using drawings as tools to retain the visual information in a film visual, throughout the research process as well as for thinking. The approach brings in methods and theory from disciplines using visual materials as data: Visual Anthropology, Ethnomethodology/Conversation Analysis (EM...
Article
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RESUMO O artigo discute a extensão transformadora, a partir das experiências promovidas pelo Laboratório das Memórias e das Práticas Cotidianas-LABOME, da Universidade Estadual Vale do Acaraú, na cidade brasileira de Sobral, no estado do Ceará. Apresenta as atividades extensionistas, vinculadas ao campo da antropologia visual, relaciona com a legis...
Article
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One of the phenomena within the cultural construct created around the mountains was from the beginning of the nineteenth century the rise of resort culture. An extremely important element of this emerging resort culture was the development of iconography (pictorial representations), which — having originated in painting and then growing thanks to t...
Book
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Монография посвящена современным проблемам этнолингвистики, этнографии, антропологии, анализируется становление новой научной дисциплины – визуальной антропологии. Рассматриваются образцовые исследования ученых в области этнографии и визуальной антропологии: «Балийский характер» Г.Бейтсона и М.Мид (1942), «Сады вой ны: Жизнь и смерть в каменном век...
Article
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Resumo: “Todo mundo deveria saber o que acontece aqui, sobre os botos e da pesca com eles. Saber como eles ajudam o pescador...”. Com o objetivo de contribuir para a conservação da pesca cooperativa na Barra do Rio Tramandaí a partir de um instrumento didático, realizamos uma investigação qualitativa, que recorreu a abordagens do campo da antropolo...
Article
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Considerações iniciais O propósito deste artigo é discutir questões sobre a relação entre produção audiovisual, realização de documentários, criação e divulgação de acervos especiais e museus, tendo o Laboratório das Memórias e das Práticas Cotidianas (LABOME), da Universidade Estadual Vale do Acaraú (UVA), como foco. A produção de documentários é...
Article
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This article traces the life and work of Marquis Robert de Wavrin de Villers au Tertre (1888–1971), a Belgian explorer and ethnographer. While fragments of his oeuvre are familiar to scholars of South America, he is almost completely unknown in historical studies, and largely forgotten within anthropology too. Here we will explore his filmic work a...
Preprint
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Resumen: Llevamos en nuestros bolsillos un potente ordenador en miniatura llamado smartphone al que no sacamos partido para hacer trabajo de campo antropológico. Este texto recoge una serie de ideas y reflexiones sobre cómo aprovechar esa poderosa herramienta digital para mejorar nuestro acceso al campo, la recogida de datos pensando en construir u...
Article
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The current study focuses on the meeting points of visual and applied anthro-pologies. It takes a look at the possibility of applying visual anthropological knowledge and methods in the applied anthropological research. It is not the task or goal of the current article to define applied anthropology. Here application simply means practical use in t...
Article
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O artigo tem como objetivo abordar a periferia enquanto espaço geográfico tendo como fonte a cena poética criada pelo Slam da Quentura e Batalha do TN. Ambos movimentos são realizados sob a vertente da cultura de rua. Apoiados em literatura a discussão sobre literatura menor ajudou a entender algumas circunstâncias versadas sobre a periferia por po...
Book
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Introdução à coletânea de KOURY, Mauro Guilherme Pinheiro, Imagens & Ciências Sociais (João Pessoa, Editora Universitária, 1998). Esta coletânea se encontra esgotada. * O interesse dos cientistas sociais sobre o uso de imagens como instrumento ou objeto de pesquisa amplia-se e inicia, nesta segunda metade de década de noventa, sua fase de consolid...
Article
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Neste artigo procuramos explicar e compreender as cosmologias e rituais de interação simbólica da tribo Xukurus-Kariri tomando como objetivo o resgate de uma abordagem (des)construtivista das teorias clássicas acerca do Sul. Trata-se de um exercício preliminar que toma como foco de análise das relações que estas populações mantêm com o sagrado no m...
Article
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In 2015, a corpus of 70 photographs registered between 1922 and 1932 by the Josephites of Murialdo was found in the Ecuadorian Library Aurelio Espinosa Polit (BEAEP), in the city of Quito. From the analysis of this corpus, a proposal was made to understand the configuration of the processes of visual representation and subjectivation of the Napo Ru...
Article
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when public and visual anthropology was not the anthropologist's concern...
Chapter
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Foreword by Dick Chalfen ( Centre for Visual Anthropology, temple University) Preface: An Autobiographical note
Article
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Una polémica en torno a fotografías publicadas en revistas de Colombia y España, brinda la posibilidad de pensar el racismo y el clasismo desde modelos de semántica cognitiva y presupuestos fenomenológicos que ahondan en las condiciones de constitución del sentido (sea o no racista o clasista), y sobre todo de la constitución de la alteridad y la o...
Article
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الملخص: تندرج هذه الدراسة ضمن مبحث أنثروبولوجيا الصورة، وتستهدف الحفر في الجذور الثقافية المُشكلة لجماليات التعبير الفني في المغرب مع التركيز على فن مخصوص هو السينما. في ذات السياق، سنعمل على تتبع السيرورة التاريخية للتفاعل الثقافي الذي شهده المجتمع المغربي، وذلك عبر تسليط الضوء على خصائص الموارد المختلفة التي نَهَلَ منها التعبير الفني، ونقصد هنا ا...
Article
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This is a review of anthropologist Ilya Utekhin’s What Is Visual Anthropology: A Guidebook on the Classic of Ethnographic Cinema. On the example of classical ethnographic films of the 20th century, the monograph considers the phenomenon of ethnographic cinema as an important part of visual anthropology. The book’s main intent is to show how outstan...
Article
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The article first discusses five approaches that aim to transcend, complement, or overturn the hegemony of the written academic text. These five approaches are (1) the cluster of science communication, science popularization, and knowledge dissemination; (2) the cluster of knowledge exchange, and participatory, transformative, and interventionist (...
Article
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This article presents a methodology for the analysis of readings on indigenous peoples in schoolbooks in Argentina (1885-1940). In this paper, I argue about the importance of re-constructing the socio-historic context of text production, I describe methodological procedures and I explain the multidisciplinary nature of the research undertaken. I pr...
Book
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How do videos, movies and documentaries dedicated to indigenous communities transform the media landscape of South Asia? Based on extensive original research, this book examines how in South Asia popular music videos, activist political clips, movies and documentaries about, by and for indigenous communities take on radically new significances. Med...
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