Science topic

Veterinary Medicine - Science topic

Veterinary medicine is the branch of science that deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of disease, disorder and injury in non-human animals.
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Publications related to Veterinary Medicine (10,000)
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Three adult European glass lizards (Pseudopus apodus Klembara) were caught in the garden of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ondokuz Mayis University (Samsun, Turkey) and were observed to have a tick infestation. During macroscopic examination, tick samples were collected from the lateral groove on both sides of the lizard by using blunt-tip tweezer...
Article
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Background: Detailed analysis of archived brain tissue is fundamental to advancing the understanding of neurological disease. The development of the UK Brain Bank Network (UBBN) has provided an invaluable resource to facilitate such research in the human medical field. Similar resources are needed in veterinary medicine. However, collection and ar...
Article
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Background Medicines of poor quality are currently prevailing problems undermining the quality of health care services in veterinary and human medicine. In this study, physico-chemical quality of veterinary medicines was evaluated. Methods A total of 959 veterinary medicines samples were collected during routine regulatory activities, i.e. pre-reg...
Article
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This study aims to evaluate the role of Jordanian veterinarians in terms of their knowledge, attitudes and common practices in combating antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and summarize the registered veterinary drugs between 2017 2020. Descriptive study data were collected using a standardized questionnaire that focused on the knowledge, attitudes, an...
Article
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Diclofenac is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory human and veterinary medicine widely detected in European surface waters, especially downstream from Wastewater Treatment Plants. With some notable exceptions, veterinary uses of diclofenac in Europe are greatly restricted, so wastewater is the key Europe-wide exposure route for wildlife that may be ex...
Article
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Intramammary (IM) antimicrobial sales data are currently the only feasible means to gain broad insights into on-farm usage of antimicrobials (AMs) relevant to mastitis control within the Irish dairy industry. The aim of this study was to update earlier work describing sales data of intramammary antimicrobial usage in the Irish dairy industry in 202...
Article
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Abstract Background The parasites causes localized and generalized infections to the host depends on the parasite attachment organs, depth of penetration, site of location and worm burdens. Methods The experimental study was done between December, 2019 and April, 2020 in the fly-proof experimental animal facility located in the premise of the Colle...
Article
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In this short paper, we argue that there is a fundamental connection between the medical sciences and evolutionary biology as both are sciences of biological variation. Medicine studies pathological variation among humans (and domestic animals in veterinary medicine) and evolutionary biology studies variation within and among species in general. A...
Article
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Viral hepatitis has recently assumed relevance for equine veterinary medicine since a variety of new viruses have been discovered. Equine Hepacivirus (EqHV) is an RNA virus belonging to the Flaviviridae family that can cause subclinical hepatitis in horses, occasionally evolving into a chronic disease. EqHV, to date, is considered the closest known...
Article
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Editorial Veterinary conduct medication is generally new, and its evolution might experience the ill effects of a hazy personality, in light of the fact that such countless divergent gatherings who are not rooted in veterinary medication have taken part in its advancement. Previously, social issues of buddy creatures were not managed by veterinaria...
Article
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Both as an aid for less experienced clinicians and to enhance objectivity and sharp clinical skills in professionals, quantitative technologies currently bring the equine lameness diagnostic closer to evidence-based veterinary medicine. The present paper describes an original, inertial sensor-based wireless device system, the Lameness Detector 0.1,...
Article
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Background Electrocardiography is a method widely applied in diagnosing abnormalities in the functioning of the heart muscle in veterinary medicine. It is a non-invasive and easy to perform test helpful in the general examination and a widely used patient monitoring method during anesthesia. Since the 1980s, pigs have become more and more popular c...
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The quest to minimize synthetic insecticide use due to their adverse environmental effects and the need to improve yield has led to eco-friendly botanical pesticides use. This study was carried out to demonstrate the efficacy of garlic and lemon liquid botanical extracts in mitigating cowpea pests, diseases and increasing yield at Faculty of Agricu...
Book
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In this compendium you will find the brief summary of the practical course’s material of veterinary bacteriology (University of Veterinary Medicine, Hungary)
Preprint
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Toxoplasma gondii, a highly prevalent obligate apicomplexan parasite, is important in clinical and/or veterinary medicine. Based on its virulence in laboratory mouse strains, T. gondii is divided into three lineages. In this study, we examined and compared the distributions of the glycerophospholipids phosphatidylserine (PtdSer) and phosphatidyleth...
Article
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The majority of Arab EFL (English as a Foreign Language) learners struggle with speaking English fluency. Iraqi students struggle to speak English confidently due to mispronunciation, grammatical errors, short and long pauses while speaking or feeling confused in normal conversations. Collaborative learning is crucial to enhance student's speaking...
Article
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Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) is a new and emerging concept in human medicine that involves rethinking the preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative periods. The ultimate, overarching aim is to improve patient outcome following surgery and, thus, return to a normal daily routine as soon as possible. The development and implementation...
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Motivation: Brucella , the causative agent of brucellosis, is a global zoonotic pathogen that threatens both veterinary and human health. The main sources of brucellosis are farm animals. Importantly, the bacteria can be used for biological warfare purposes, requiring source tracking and routine surveillance in an integrated manner. Additionally, b...
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Modern ecological problems are considered - pollution of the natural environment with antibiotics and resistance to antimicrobial drugs, when microorganisms mutate and lose susceptibility to antibiotics. The reasons for this dangerous phenomenon are the ever-growing and uncontrolled use of antibiotics in medicine, veterinary medicine and agricultur...
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In this study, the presence and types of urine crystals in cats and dogs with urolithiasis/crystaluria and the effects of some demographic factors (such as type, breed, age, sex, sterilization status) on them were evaluated. In the study, physical, chemical and sediment examinations of urine samples of 67 cats and dogs were performed. It was determ...
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In Tajikistan, owning beef cattle is an important survival mechanism for smallholder farmers to alleviate poverty. Therefore, beef cattle farming enterprises should indeed strive to maximize profit to excel and flourish in a free economy. Nevertheless, smallholder beef cattle farmers are known for making little profit. Thus, this study was set to e...
Article
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Streptococcus agalactiae is a well-known pathogen in humans and food-producing animals. Therefore, this bacterium is a paradigmatic example of a pathogen to be controlled by a One Health approach. Indeed, the zoonotic and reverse-zoonotic potential of the bacteria, the prevalence of Group B Streptococci (GBS) diseases in both human and animal domai...
Article
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Ehrlichia canis has gained importance over the years as a zoonotic bacterium, nevertheless in Mexico is unknown the extent of the problem in animals and public health. The country had a few studies carried out locally using serology and molecular tests as diagnostic methods. Ehrlichiosis is not considered endemic in the central valley of Mexico, be...
Book
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Book for aspirants preparing for ICAR NET JRF SRF VETERINARY Pathology Veterinary Microbiology Veterinary Medicine Veterinary Parasitology
Preprint
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A combined host biomarker and pathogen diagnosis provides insight into disease progression risk and contributes to appropriate clinical decision-making regarding prevention and treatment. In preventive veterinary medicine, such combined diagnosis could improve risk-based livestock herd management. We developed a single-well based test for combined...
Conference Paper
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FarmSkills4Vets - A virtual dairy farm brings veterinary herd health advisory into the home office of students and sparks their interest in cattle practice. Objectives: Veterinary herd health advisory is a central element of modern veterinary medicine. Despite the importance, practical farm visits can be conducted with students only occasionally...
Article
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Cyphenothrin, one of the synthetic pyrethroids, developed as an alternative to organophosphorus and carbamate pesticides. It is used in veterinary medicine and household application against insects. Due to the contamination of the aquatic ecosystems, non-target aquatic organisms are affected. The current study aimed to evaluate the cyphenothrin eff...
Article
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Primary hepatic neoplasia is uncommonly reported in dogs. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most frequent neoplasia identified in dogs and considerable effort has been committed towards identifying definitive and palliative treatment options. HCC is well recognized in humans as a sequelae of liver disease such as hepatitis or cirrhosis, while i...
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The illicit market in veterinary medicines is an overlooked issue despite threatening the health of non-human and human animals. It is thought to be increasing within the major markets of the global North due to the growth of e-commerce and social media sites. This paper examines the online market in illicit veterinary medicines through an explorat...
Article
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In Tanzania, the increased demand for animal-derived foods, particularly eggs, meat, and milk, has resulted in the intensification of farming systems with the use of antimicrobials, particularly sulphonamides and tetracyclines. According to the FAO/WHO Codex Alimentarius commission, concentrations of antimicrobial residues in food exceeding the acc...
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Animal welfare is an increasingly important topic across multiple academic disciplines; however, few studies have investigated student perceptions of animal welfare outside of veterinary medicine. The objective of the study was to evaluate animal science students’ perceptions of animal welfare to determine if perceptions differ across animal catego...
Article
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Research primates may undergo surgical procedures making effective pain management essential to ensure good animal welfare and unbiased scientific data. Adequate pain mitigation is dependent on whether veterinarians, technicians, researchers, and caregivers can recognize and assess pain, as well as the availability of efficacious therapeutics. A su...
Article
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Tetracyclines are a widely used group of antibiotics, many of which are currently only used in veterinary medicine and animal husbandry due to their adverse side effects. For the detection of tetracyclines, we previously reported a DNA aptamer named OTC5 that binds to tetracycline, oxytetracycline, and doxycycline with similar KD’s of ~100 nM. Tetr...
Article
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This prospective study aims to establish reference ranges for vertebral heart score (VHS), vertebral left atrial size (VLAS), and radiographic left atrial dimension (RLAD) in pugs. The impact of clinical severity of Brachycephalic Obstructive Airway Syndrome (BOAS), gender, body condition score, and body weight on VHS, VLAS, and RLAD were investiga...
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Introduction: Osteosynthesis of the equine femur is stilla challenge for veterinary medicine. Even though in-tramedullary fracture fixation is possible nowadays, the vary-ing geometry of the medullary cavity along the bone axis is acritical factor. Limited contact area between implant and bonecan cause insufficient primary stability. In this study...
Article
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Transcaval ureter is a rarely reported human congenital malformation of the prerenal segment of the inferior vena cava (IVC) not yet reported in veterinary medicine. The objective of this multicenter retrospective case series study was to describe the computed tomography (CT) features of transcaval ureters in dogs and cats. Patients referring to pr...
Article
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Complex wounds in dogs are a recurrent problem in veterinary clinical application and can compromise skin healing; in this sense, tissue bioengineering focused on regenerative medicine can be a great ally. Decellularized and recellularized skin scaffolds are produced to be applied in different and complex canine dermal wounds in the present investi...
Article
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Background: In humans, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is preferred over computed tomography (CT) for the assessment of pelvic lesions. Although CT findings of several pelvic tumours have been reported in veterinary medicine, MRI findings are limited. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to retrospectively compare the CT and MRI findings i...
Article
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Dried Blood Spots (DBS) technology has become a valuable tool in medical studies, however, in veterinary and biological research DBS technology applications are still limited. Up-to-date no review has comprehensively integrated all the evidence existing across the fields, technologies and animal species. In this paper we summarize the current appli...
Conference Paper
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The field of veterinary oncology has advanced greatly over the last decade, and veterinarians have an important role in advising owners on whether and when certain treatments, such as radiotherapy, are indicated for dogs and cats. Using an online questionnaire (N=636), we investigated what treatment Austrian, Danish and UK veterinarians would recom...
Poster
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Adults of D. immitis taken out of an infected dog in a necropsy (veterinary cardiology service; University of las Palmas de Gran Canaria). Assessment of pulmonary hypertension in dogs with heartworm by using the ratio between the right and left ventricle 1º Introduction 3º Results 2º Methodology 4º Conclusion The infection caused by Dirofilaria imm...
Article
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La curricularización del profesionalismo y la construcción de profesionalidad en medicina veterinaria son ejes de los nuevos diseños curriculares a nivel internacional. El objetivo de este trabajo fue realizar un análisis exploratorio de las concepciones de estudiantes de primer año sobre el profesionalismo, las características de un buen profesion...
Article
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The uncontrolled use of antimicrobials in veterinary medicine may result in the presence of their residues in food matrices of animal origin such as milk. The aim of this study was to examine the physicochemical quality and to detect antibiotic residues (β-lactams and tetracyclines) in milk, as their presence has resulted in the rejection of signif...
Article
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Animal welfare monitoring is a vital part of veterinary medicine and can be challenging due to a range of factors that contribute to the perception of welfare. Tools can be used, however; there are few validated and objective methods available for veterinary and animal welfare professionals to assess and monitor the welfare of dogs over their lifet...
Article
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The aim of this literature review was to identify the stages of chronic kidney disease in dogs that have greater immune dysfunction and which cellular components of the innate and humoral immune system are most affected by the retention of uremic toxins. Chronic kidney disease is characterized by being a serious and irreversible disease, but common...
Article
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Despite companion animal primary care being the most common career choice for veterinarians, relatively little is known about students' perception of this career choice. In this study, the authors examined students' (233 at Time 1 and 119 at Time 2) perceptions of careers in companion animal primary care and whether perceptions changed over the cou...
Article
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Canine idiopathic epilepsy is a common neurological disease characterized by the enduring predisposition of the cerebral cortex to generate seizures. An etiological explanation has not been fully identified in humans and dogs, and, among the presumed causes, several studies support the possible involvement of gut microbiota. In this review, the aut...
Article
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BACKGROUND: Brucellosis or Malta fever is one of the most prevalent zoonotic diseases considered as a health and economic concern. OBJECTIVES: The current study aimed to employ several methods to detect Brucella in blood and milk samples of saanen goat and use a safe and definitive method to diagnose this disease. METHODS: In this study, 122 blood...
Conference Paper
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Resumen La Realidad Aumentada (RA) es una tecnología capaz de proveer al alumno, y al profesor, de entornos educativos compuestos de diversos elementos informáticos, mismos que permiten manipular, almacenar, evaluar y emitir respuestas ante eventos simulados. Para fortalecer esta hipótesis se analizaron 2 casos: Medicina veterinaria con RA y Charac...
Article
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Background: In human medicine, arrhythmogenic left ventricular cardiomyopathy was described as a primary disease of the heart characterized by fibroadipose replacement of the myocardium. Case Description: We report the case of a dog, with history of syncope and irregular cardiac rhythm. Electrocardiogram, echocardiography and a 24-hours Holter mon...
Conference Paper
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& Optical properties of tissues play an important role in tissue characterization and how fresh it is, including the refractive index (RI), absorption coefficients (µa), scattering coefficients (μs), or the reduced scattering coefficient (μs'), and the anisotropy factor (g). These parameters are high wavelength dependent and give functional informa...
Article
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New biomarkers promise to transform veterinary practice through rapid diagnosis of diseases, effective monitoring of animal health and improved welfare and production efficiency. However, the road from biomarker discovery to translation is not always straightforward. This review focuses on molecular biomarkers under development in the veterinary fi...
Article
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In humans, chronic liver disease may cause alterations in amino acids (AAs) metabolism, with serum branched-chain AAs (BCAAs) decreasing and aromatic AAs (AAAs) increasing. A reduced Fischer ratio (BCAAs/AAAs) has been found to be associated with hepatic fibrosis and is useful for assessing prognosis in human patients. In veterinary medicine, few s...
Article
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Since most of degenerative canine heart diseases accompany cardiomegaly, early detection of cardiac enlargement is main priority healthcare issue for dogs. In this study, we developed a new deep learning-based radiographic index quantifying canine heart size using retrospective data. The proposed “adjusted heart volume index” (aHVI) was calculated...
Preprint
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The role of the faecal microbiome in the pathogenesis of both human and canine inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has been in the spotlight in recent years. While trying to unravel the mechanism of IBD, clear alterations in intestinal microbial composition in individuals with IBD have been reported in the past. However, data in veterinary medicine ar...
Article
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Antibiotics are widely used in human and veterinary medicine, and they are accumulated in various types of waste, including sewage sludge (SS) and cattle slurry (CS), processed by anaerobic digestion (AD). Anaerobic treatment is a method enabling the stabilization of these substrates before transferring to the environment. The presence of contamina...
Article
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Objective: To determinate the nutritional composition of larvae of the Rhynchophorus palmarum L. 1758 (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) beetle in palm trees of the Mezquital Valley, Hidalgo, Mexico. Design/Methodology/Approach: In January 2020, 250 g of South American Palm Weevil (Rhynchophorus palmarum) larvae were collected from damaged Canary Island d...
Article
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Veterinary medicine is increasingly affected by animal owners having the opportunity to become better informed on pet health issues by using various internet resources. Using an online questionnaire including a section on clients’ use of internet resources to obtain medical information, this study aimed to investigate veterinarians’ estimates of th...
Article
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Variation in the diagnostic interpretation of radiographs is a well-recognised problem in human and veterinary medicine. One common solution is to create a ‘consensus’ score based on a majority or unanimous decision from multiple observers. While consensus approaches are generally assumed to improve diagnostic repeatability, the extent to which con...
Article
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Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) is an emerging technology in veterinary medicine involving the administration of intravenous contrast agents, and it is increasingly recognized for its high potential as a diagnostic imaging tool for small animals. This exam is easy and quick to perform, safe and reliable, and allows for the differentiation of le...