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Urban Development - Science topic

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Publications related to Urban Development (10,000)
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Article
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The natural protected areas occupy approximately 1,234,710 hectares (5.18% of the total area of Romania). More than half of the urban localities (approximately 59%) overlap with at least one NPA. Although in Romania there is only one NPA of urban type, it is subject to the same legal norms as any other one. In Romania there is no legislation dedica...
Presentation
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Good quality water includes surface water and groundwater sources that meet all the water quality standards and improve the health and balance of the environment. Water quality modeling is an effective tool that can routinely check water supplies, perform timely assessment, and action plans, and ensure increased environmental monitoring and managem...
Conference Paper
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L'ultimo Posto tra i Monti della Tolfa i Monti Sabatini, ed il Lago di Bracciano, al centro di un'area ricca di giacimenti minerari (zolfo, manganese e marcasite) e punti di emissione di gas ed acque termali, Monterano. fu un importante centro urbano in età etrusca, la cui floridezza è documentata soprattutto dalle necropoli rupestri circostanti. D...
Article
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Urban morphology and human mobility are two sides of the complex mixture of elements that implicitly define urban functionality. By leveraging the emerging availability of crowdsourced data, we aim for novel insights on how they relate to each other, which remains a substantial scientific challenge. Specifically, our study focuses on extracting spa...
Article
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This paper examines whether reducing earthquake risk has positive direct and spillover effects on residential land prices in Tokyo, where the central and metropolitan governments have promoted urban development for earthquake risk reduction. We use two types of earthquake risk measurement: (1) Tokyo’s assessments of community earthquake risk—buildi...
Article
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Since the 20th century, the world is facing two major problems: the serious deterioration of the ecological environment and the accelerated decline of living quality of people residing in the urban environment. Urban development policies, ecological patterns, production and consumption modes have an important impact on global environmental changes...
Article
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The rapid development of logistics industry has become an important force to promote the improvement of regional competitiveness, but there has been little research on the evolution process and the distribution characteristics of the cooperation between logistics industry and economy from the perspective of qualitative and quantitative. Based on th...
Article
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The impact of climate extremes upon human settlements is expected to accelerate. There are distinct global trends for a continued rise in urban dwellers and associated infrastructure. This growth is occurring amidst the increasing risk of extreme heat, rainfall, and flooding. Therefore, it is critical that the urban development and architectural co...
Poster
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Submission Deadline-July 15th 2022 https://aaccp2022.wordpress.com/ AACCP (Architecture, Archaeology and Contemporary City Planning) is a multidisciplinary and progressive network, which has gathered together researchers, experts and practitioners from various fields to discuss topics related to urban development and city planning since 2014. One...
Article
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Water Sensitive Design (WSD) is gaining attention as a Nature-based Solution (NbS) to urban water problems. It incorporates green infrastructure with engineered urban water systems through innovative design of the built environment and urban landscape. In Africa, Johannesburg and Cape Town are two cities engaging with WSD at a policy level. This pa...
Article
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Accurate predictions of land-use change are important for supporting planning. Cellular automata (CA) models are widely used to simulate real-world urban land-use change but accurately modeling complex spatial urban patterns and dynamics can be challenging due to the high degree of subjectivity involved in CA model parameterisation. Advances in dee...
Book
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This book explores the complex relationship between societies, architecture and urbanism of market halls, traditional souqs, bazaars, and Speciality Street markets in the Middle East and North Africa. It addresses how these trading environments influence perceptions of place and play an extended social, political and religious role while adapting t...
Article
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Carbon emissions and economic growth are two contradictions in urban development, and their decoupling is related to the sustainable development of cities. This paper took urban agglomeration in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River (UAMRYR), China, as the study area. The Kaya model, the Tapio decoupling model, and the Logarithmic Mean Divisia In...
Article
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Monitoring and understanding urban development requires up-to-date information on multiple urban land-use classes. Manual classification and deep learning approaches based on very-high resolution imagery have been applied successfully, but the required resources limits their capacity to map urban land use at larger scales. Here, we use a combinatio...
Article
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Urban areas are hot spots of flood risk due to how urban development concentrates people and assets into hazard prone areas, reinforcing negative externalities on the welfare of urban residents. Mitigating flood risk in urban environments, however, is challenging. This is not only because the process generating flood risk is complex, but the object...
Article
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Globally, cities are emerging into Smart Cities (SC) as a result of sustainable cities and the adaption of recent Internet of Things (IoT) technology. It is becoming essential to involve students in sustainability as engineering and technology are crucial elements in fixing the past adverse effects on our globe. Engineering e-learners are being edu...
Article
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Despite the worldwide popularity of bus rapid transit (BRT), empirical evidence of its effects on land uses and development remains limited. This paper examines BRT’s impacts on land use and development in Bogotá and Quito, by using a parcel-level difference-in-differences research design. We estimate a propensity score-weighted regression model of...
Poster
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CALL FOR PAPERS DEADLINE: 11 APRIL 2022 This workshop is organized by the Asia Research Institute, National University of Singapore; with funding support from the Urban Studies Foundation. This workshop explores the overlooked question of the influence of monarchies in shaping contemporary urban development in Southeast Asia. The royal institutio...
Chapter
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The smart city is an emerging dominant urban development paradigm across the globe. Many city governments are using technology solutions to address their challenges. The growing and disproportionate threat of climate-induced disasters are posing multiple risks to cities. Resilience building is a complex phenomenon and is increasingly considered an...
Article
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On 5th July 2022, the Tanzanian Ministry of Health (MoH) announced the re-emergence of leptospirosis after reporting 20 confirmed symptomatic cases and 3 mortalities. Leptospirosis is caused by a spirochete bacterium that lives in an animal's renal tubule and spreads to individuals through contact with contaminated animal urine. Unsupervised agricu...
Article
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A huge gap remains in the urbanization rate between China and developed countries, although China has experienced rapid growth in urbanization rate in the last decade. Critical to the future growth of urbanization is how to increase the settlement intentions of migrants. This study uses land supply for security housing as an exogeneous shock to the...
Article
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Blue-Green Infrastructures (BGI) integrate solutions implemented to enhance water management and landscape values for more climate-resilient and livable cities. It has created an opportunity to renew the natural structure of water balance in cities and rural through the increase in rainwater retention and enlargement of permeable areas. The objecti...
Article
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With global urban populations expected to reach 5 billion by 2030, large-scale urban development is required to support and sustain this growing populous. At the same time, city planners are facing the pressures of climatic changes, which forecast more intense rainfall events, further exacerbating the existing challenge of surface water flooding in...
Article
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Due to extensive population growth, urbanization increases urban development and sprawl in the world’s cities. Urban sprawl is a socioeconomic phenomenon that has not extensively incorporated socioeconomic factors in the prediction of most of the urban sprawl models. This study aimed to predict the urban sprawl pattern in 2030 by integrating socioe...
Book
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The project “Upgrading Informal Settlements by the Coproduction of Inclusive Public Spaces: urban design strategies for sustainable and resilient development in informal neighbourhoods’’ (short name: SURLab) was initiated in 2020 as a collaboration between research groups of the Department of Architecture of the KU Leuven, the Facultad de Arquitect...
Article
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En el contexto de la urbanización neoliberal, el articulo analiza los efectos de la aplicación de una herramienta para facilitar operaciones de desarrollo urbano: los convenios urbanísticos. A diferencia de lo observado en períodos anteriores, este instrumento promueve un mayor protagonismo de las iniciativas desarrolladas por el mercado a través d...
Article
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Current estimates of U.S. property at risk of coastal hazards and sea level rise (SLR) are staggering—evaluated at over a trillion U.S. dollars. Despite being enormous in the aggregate, potential losses due to SLR depend on mitigation, adaptation, and exposure and are highly uneven in their distribution across coastal cities. We provide the first a...
Article
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Land subsidence is a major concern in vastly growing metropolitans worldwide. The most serious risks in this scenario are linked to groundwater extraction and urban development. Pakistan’s fourth-largest city, Rawalpindi, and its twin Islamabad, located at the northern edge of the Potwar Plateau, are witnessing extensive urban expansion. Groundwate...
Article
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The urban population of India is expected to reach 416 million by 2050. As more and more people shift from rural to urban areas, the urban centers will be facing serious sustainability challenges to meet the requirements of ever increasing population. One of the key problem areas will be the shortages of the affordable housings for the urban poor a...
Article
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Levees are used in Australia and across the world as a structural means to reduce flood risks. However, people protected by levees can develop a false sense of security believing that the levee is fail-proof or might only fail in extreme flood events. This optimism can lower flood preparedness levels and lead to increased urban development in flood...
Article
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Urban development continues to face the dilemma of spatial inequality of public facilities, particularly educational and medical facilities. Identifying inequalities in various types of public facilities and their driving mechanisms is crucial in reducing social inequality. However, information on this topic is limited. This study took 10 typical c...
Article
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This study’s primary objective is to investigate the fundamentals of urban waterfront development. Consequently, the study created and validated two assessment scales (questionnaires). Using SPSS and AMOS, descriptive statistics assessed data gathered via questionnaires. Current approaches to urban development are starting to bring to the fore the...
Article
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En este artículo se explora la financiarización inmobiliaria chilena desde la conformación del Estado subsidiario, la elaboración programática de las políticas de vivienda y el papel protagónico que ha asumido el endeudamiento como mecanismo y como posibilidad de distinción social. Para esto se hizo una revisión general sobre las transformaciones g...
Article
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The urbanisation of poverty has seen ballooning livelihoods of the poor in contemporary cities as shown by proliferation of urban informality. These livelihoods are mushrooming against a background of repressive city regulatory frameworks that are aimed to stunt the development of urban informality. These repressive regulations have been denying th...
Article
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Siting of buildings in rural urban development requires that the prevalence of termite activities is considered. The severity of termite activities across 18 selected locations within the FUTA campus was investigated. Defect-free samples of Pterygota macrocarpa wood species prepared according to ASTM D3345-17 (2017) were used as baits for assessing...
Article
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Urban agglomerations are major generators of CO 2 emissions owing to human socioeconomic activities. Evaluating the trade-offs between urban expansion and ecological construction during rapid urbanization is a crucial step towards climate change mitigation and carbon neutrality. This study investigated the impacts of trade-offs between urban expans...
Article
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Research has shown that urban tree canopy (UTC) provides a multitude of ecosystem services to people in cities, yet the benefits and costs of trees are not always equitably distributed among residents and households. To support urban forest managers and sustainability planning, many studies have analyzed the relationships between UTC and various mo...
Article
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This paper mainly aims to identify the key factors that should be included in building of smart cities in a proper efficient way. Due to rapid increase in urban population, it should be responsible to provide a better way in building of a smart city. Smart city is an idea of providing urban development that includes social, financial, ecological pa...
Article
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Atmospheric deposition of inhalable and respirable airborne particulate matter contributes to lake sediments, providing a mineralogical and chemical record of what was in the air at the time of deposition. A subset of respirable airborne particulate matter referred to as elongate mineral particles (EMPs) are of special interest because of their pot...
Article
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Water quality indices (WQIs) are numerical measures used by researchers and water managers to communicate water quality status to the public. This study analyzes the official databases from the CONAGUA monitoring network of the main tributary rivers in the middle basin of the San Pedro-Mezquital River in Durango, Mexico, for a 6-year period (2013-2...
Article
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Urban regeneration (UR) has been a leading concern in urban studies globally. China’s rapid urbanization has undergone profound urban decay and social contestation, for which UR has emerged as a viable solution. However, UR is not without its drawbacks. It has caused emerging spatial and planning problems; however, few studies have explored the cha...
Article
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(1) Background: The social determinants that maintain health inequalities are organized in the physical, social, and economic contexts of neighborhoods and municipalities. Their characteristics influence the behaviors and choices of the people living in them, with an impact on their health and well-being. In recent years, several local applications...
Article
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Cities are witnessing urban inequality in developing countries, and this is reflected in inadequate urban planning, because these spatial and socioeconomic disparities translate into spatial systems, an unsustainable urban form, and a low quality of life (QOL). The study tried to propose an approach to urban development, based on the concept of sta...
Research
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The HPTD-M (Holopraxis Transdisciplinary Management) is the result of 12 years of continuous, independent, systematic, individual, and transdisciplinary research: Five articles were published in the USA (three) France (one), and South Africa (one), from December/2021 to July/2022. The publications may be useful for other countries in a similar situ...
Article
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Rapid urban development is inseparable from technological advances, and the application of artificial intelligence in community life is becoming widespread, affecting residents’ lifestyles and psychological well-being. This study investigated a variety of factors that affect the well-being of urban community residents. Environmental and emotional p...
Article
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Accurate spatial population distribution information, especially for metropolises, is of significant value and is fundamental to many application areas such as public health, urban development planning and disaster assessment management. Random forest is the most widely used model in population spatialization studies. However, a reliable model for...
Chapter
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التطورات العمرانية للمنشآت العامة في سامراء العباسية 221- 279ه/ 835- 892م
Article
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As many as twenty years after the overthrow of its authoritarian political regime, Serbia remains a ‘proto-democracy’, supported by the economic ideology of wild neoliberalism. Under such circumstances, urban development is subject to various abuses, such as the misapplication of legal procedures, neglect of the public interest, and politicisation...
Conference Paper
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Flood events are one of the hazards responsible for a significant portion of disasters in the world. However, it is accepted as a normal hydro meteorological phenomenon as long as it remains within the limits of nature's own balance. In this context, it is human-induced activities that turn flood events into a disaster. One of these human-induced a...
Article
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Urban floods caused by expanding impervious areas due to urban development and short-term heavy precipitation adversely affect many coastal cities. Notably, Seoul, one of the coastal cities that experiences acute urban floods, suffers annually from urban floods during the rainfall season. Consequently, to mitigate the impacts of urban floods in Seo...
Chapter
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The Cohesion policy of the European Union has been trying to formulate its urban dimension for a long time. The latest changes related to the period 2014-2020 brought a series of changes aimed at strengthening the integrated approach to urban development. In such circumstances, the Republic of Croatia got the opportunity to finally formulate a poli...
Article
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Mesmo diante de progressos nas discussões ambientais e urbanas, o Brasil ainda apresenta precariedades no acesso aos serviços de saneamento. Esse déficit incentivou mudanças na legislação ao longo do tempo, sendo essas permeadas por contradições. Assim, o objetivo do presente trabalho é o de sistematizar os principais marcos do saneamento, bem como...
Article
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The Singanallur Sub-basin is one of the major waterways and it supplies water to the Coimbatore city. Currently, it is vulnerable to pollution due to an increase of unplanned urban developments, industrial, and agricultural activities that compromise both the quality and quantity. In the present study three major hydrochemical facies were identifie...
Article
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Green and blue infrastructure, nature-based solutions, and cultural and built heritage play a key role in enhancing ecosystem services provision and shaping urban quality and communities’ wellbeing calling for an integrated approach to ecosystem services in urban policy and planning and decision-making. On the other side, under-used spaces and buil...
Book
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The circular economy promotes the activities of preserving the building value in the form of energy, material, and labor with the aim to close the gap between production and natural ecosystems’ cycles. Building energy retrofit plays an important part in fostering the circular economy through integrating circular energy strategies and new technologi...
Article
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The spatial distribution of the world population is uneven, with a density of about 40% living in coastal regions. The trend is expected to continue in both demographic indicators and urban development rate, being many coastal cities in seismic- and tsunami-prone regions and built through informal and unplanned settlements, exposing their populatio...
Article
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This study calculates the dynamic concentration index, explores the evolution of the relationship between the Dongxing port and city, and predicts its future. The results indicate that the relationship between the port and city has three development stages, namely the low-level balanced development stage (2001–2008), the port development stage (200...
Article
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Leisure sports is a combination of leisure and sports. Urban leisure sports are the instinctive needs of urban residents to cope with the “urban disease.” It caters to the current urban value demands of optimizing residents’ lives and conforms to the development of “Better City, Better Life” trend. This article comprehensively uses literature resea...
Article
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Prefabricated utility tunnels have drawn much attention in relation to rapid urban development. On this, how to maintain the integrity of an underground lifeline, which is subjected to unexpected fault displacement action, is a concern either from the design or the construction aspect. By applying the commercial software program ABAQUS, this paper...
Article
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In this study, we investigated the relationships among species composition, diversity, distribution, growth status, and habitats of venerable trees (VTs) in Wuzhishan City, Hainan, China. VT are defined as venerable tree. VTs bear witness to changes in human society and culture; VTs that once occurred in open or forested areas are now often surroun...
Article
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The current awareness of the high importance of urban green leads to a stronger need for tools to comprehensively represent urban green and its benefits. A common scientific approach is the development of urban ecosystem services (UES) based on remote sensing methods at the city or district level. Urban planning, however, requires fine-grained data...
Conference Paper
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Authorities currently prioritize urban planning in contemporary India due to a variety of factors including public demands for a better quality of city life. The state support is also evident in diverse ways, such as the establishment of new education institutes and generously funded urban development policies and programs. Such a shift was unthink...
Article
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Punta Ballena is the coastal southern tip of the Sierra de la Ballena, a shear zone of two tectonic plates, located at the beginning of the oceanic coast of Uruguay. Coastal rocky points are especially relevant because of their high plant richness, moreover their vegetation is endangered mainly due to the high tourist – urbanistic development of th...