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Turtle - Science topic
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Questions related to Turtle
We're working on the description of turtle shell fragments from the late Miocene of Ukraine. There are some unusual traces (shallow parallel grooves) on the dorsal surface of one of the specimen. We tentatively interpreted these traces as rodent tooth marks. Could someone suggest any publications where such traces on either fossil of extant turtle shell are described/figured or at least mentioned. Thank you very much in advance!
I'm looking for a list of species, as current as possible, of cetaceans and sea turtles for Cape Verde
I would like to know if there is any bibliography on the impact of water sports, other than boats, such as kite surfing or electric foils that impact sea turtles.
I can't find any publication that even mentions kite surfing collisions with turtles, although it happens.
I am interested in any references on this subject, it's to make a regulation evolve in a natural reserve.
I have a set of positive COVID-19 cases by district in a state. I want to use agent based modelling to make the infected cases move around the state and count the number of infected, number of healthy and number of immune. I have a set of code which the number of population is random and not based on the location. Tried to watch youtube for the tutorial but could not find one which really helps. the code is as below. I want to insert the map of the state, number of population for each district and number of infected in Netlogo.
create-turtles 200 [
setxy random-xcor random-ycor
set shape "person"
set color pink
set size 1.0
set illness 0
ask n-of starting-number-infected turtles [
set color yellow
set shape "X"
set size 1.0
ask turtles [
rt random 360
ask turtles [
if color = yellow [
ask turtles in-radius infect-distance [
if random-float 200 < infect-chance [
if color = pink [
set color yellow
set shape "X"
ask turtles [
if color = yellow [
set illness illness + 1
if illness > infectious-period [
set color white
set shape "circle"
set size 1.0
set illness 0
ask turtles [
if color = white and waning-immunity < random-float 100 [
set color pink
set shape "person"
I am searching for those two papers/writings, if someone got it - I would be thankfull for sharing:
- BUSKIRK, J. R. (1990): More on tortoises in Greece. Tortoises & Turtles, Newsletter IUCN
Tortoise and Freshwater Turtle Spec. Group, 5, 7-8 In: Fritz, U. (Hrsg): Die
Schildkröten Europas. Ein umfassendes Handbuch zur Biologie, Verbreitung und
Bestimmung. Aula Verlag, Wiebelsheim
- HERZ, M. (1994): Beobachtungen an Breitrandschildkröten Testudo marginata
(Schoepff 1792) in freier Natur. Sauria, 16, 27-30
I am looking at the finding out if there is a significant difference in the number of predation events by dogs, foxes, and crab for two different turtle species (G+L), across three locations (W,A,N) in R.
the question I am trying to answer is what are the main predators for each turtle species , whether it varies across location, and whether greens or loggers are predated more (My prediction is that species L are predated more because they lay shallower nests, and that location W Suffers the most predation, and that foxes are the most prominent)
Im struggling to find what statistical test to use, and how to set up the data. Do I do individual tests for each and compare those results, or is there one statistical that can do all?
My team and I have some turtles which conducted for research, then keep it into experimental tank. After a month, when we try to change the water, there are so many leeches in it. Beside physical and chemical ways, We need solution and recommendation for biological agent which work only for leeches.
I am looking for evidence that spotted turtles (Clemmys guttata) hibernate within the ditches of actively farmed or recently retired cranberry bogs. If anyone has any citations or direct, documented personal knowledge of turtles using cranberry bogs in winter, I would greatly appreciate you sharing with me!
The marshes are tremendously important because of the essential services they provide, such as : habitat for wildlife, fishes , turtles and invertebrates species . Nutrients in the marsh support an abundance of plant and animal life, including serving as the breeding ground for economically important fishes we eat.
I have three months of turtle plasma samples in my freezer that unfortunately did not close properly and results in Some of the samples thawing. The freezer normally sits between -20-30c and most of it remained frozen but samples near the front thawed. They were still cold to the touch upon discovery. I'll be using this plasma for steroid hormone quantification in turtles (E2, P4 and T), I know steroids don't tend to break down as a quickly as some other compounds but just curious to see if folks think these samples should be ok to run via assay and give accurate results still.
I completed a survey and gained 137 sightings of terrapins, 87 in still water and 47 in flowing water. I originally thought I could do Chi goodness of fit but a stats book I have says I cant do that as it is testing the habitat rather than the species. I don't have any other way of testing it other than absence data (61 still and 187 flowing). Can I do something with this data or do I need to give up and find something else?
I'm collecting road mortality data once per week along two different 3.5 km sections of road. I'm interested to know if there are taxa specific differences in road mortality.
As of now, I've simply pooled mortalities for each taxa (frogs, turtles, small mammals, etc.) from both sites and talked about differences with simple summary statistics (count of mortalities per group, proportion of mortalities attributed to each group, average count per survey). I'm not so much interested to compare between sites, but between taxa as a whole.
Is there a statistical test I can use to answer the question "is there is a difference in road mortality between taxa?"
Are the summary statistics I've been using sufficient to answer this question?
Hello Everyone, I was wondering if people have found Eastern Mud Turtles in Central and South FL recently. I have done work across these areas and only find Striped Mud Turtles. Where did all the Eastern's go?
I am about to propose a project involving signs along a river course and lakes where a threatened species of turtle lives; Pseudemys gorzugi.
Old signs exist there now, and have a surprising impact, (see picture), despite the fact that triploid grass carp have not been stocked there in over six years, and none exist now. Just last week I talked to a fisherman that thought that common carp should not be removed, because of the old signs... wrong species.
Clearly the signs have impact. Currently, the species of turtles suffer human persecution from fisherman who perceive the turtles to be a competitor, to casual firearms shooters looking for random targets.
My project needs to educate the public in a positive light. It must also be brief. In the city of Carlsbad, NM, there is the resource of Desert Willow Wildlife Rehab facility. That should be mentioned as well.
Please give me some ideas!
Hello, I work in an environmental NGO. We are raising awareness for the conservation of marine megafauna (cetaceans, turtles, sharks, etc.). Our efforts for the conservation of sea turtles are working well given the relationship of sea turtles to jellyfish ... However, it is difficult to raise awareness for other taxa such as for elasmobranchs; in fact, fishermen in our region think that dead sharks are more valuable than live sharks (since there is no tourism based on shark watching ....) Do you have any ideas, or studies, that can show fishermen the value of live sharks in the ecosystem compared to their dead values? Thank you
I placed the word "eggs" in quotation marks, because maybe they are not eggs... These structures shown in the photos were exposed in a sand dune by the wind in the Negev Desert, Southern Israel. They look calcareous with sand attached to them and they are quite hard and elongated. They are thicker than normal hard-shelled reptile eggs (e.g., geckos, turtles etc). They don't look like soft-shelled reptile eggs, that tear and look like an empty paper bag when they dry out (like Varanus eggs). But the most disturbing character is that they are not round in a cross section, as are all reptile (and bird) eggs that I have seen so far. All of them (found on three different occasions) where flattened in the same way and not round in a cross section.
I will be glad to hear from anyone who has seen something similar elsewhere or has an idea for a process that could lead to form these structures (maybe accumulation of calcium on something else, not necessarily an egg?).
I am trying to add rdf triples to Jena Fuseki Server. When running the code:
from bs4 import BeautifulSoup
import pandas as pd
import numpy as np
from rdflib import Graph, Literal, URIRef
from rdflib.plugins.stores import sparqlstore
page = requests.get(url)
response = requests.get(url)
results = re.findall('\"Address ID: (GAACT[0-9]+)\"', response.text)
r = requests.get(new_url).content
query_endpoint = 'http://localhost:3030/ds/query'
update_endpoint = 'http://localhost:3030/ds/update'
store = sparqlstore.SPARQLUpdateStore()
g = rdflib.Graph()
I got the error like:
/Users/mac/anaconda3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/SPARQLWrapper-1.8.1-py3.6.egg/SPARQLWrapper/Wrapper.py:510: UserWarning: keepalive support not available, so the execution of this method has no effect
Exception Traceback (most recent call last)
<ipython-input-26-279fa93014e1> in <module>()
10 g = rdflib.Graph()
---> 11 g.parse(r, format='turtle')
~/anaconda3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/rdflib-4.2.2-py3.6.egg/rdflib/graph.py in parse(self, source, publicID, format, location, file, data, **args)
1032 source = create_input_source(source=source, publicID=publicID,
1033 location=location, file=file,
-> 1034 data=data, format=format)
1035 if format is None:
1036 format = source.content_type
~/anaconda3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/rdflib-4.2.2-py3.6.egg/rdflib/parser.py in create_input_source(source, publicID, location, file, data, format)
170 raise Exception("Unexpected type '%s' for source '%s'" %
--> 171 (type(source), source))
173 absolute_location = None # Further to fix for issue 130
Exception: Unexpected type '<class 'bytes'>' for source 'b'@prefix dct: <http://purl.org/dc/terms/> .\n@prefix geo: <http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#> .\n@prefix gnaf: <http://gnafld.net/def/gnaf#> .\n@prefix prov: <http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#> .\n@prefix rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#> .\n@prefix rdfs: <http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#> .\n@prefix xml: <http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace> .\n@prefix xsd: <http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#> .\n\n<http://gnafld.net/address/GAACT714846009> a gnaf:Address ;\n rdfs:label "Address GAACT714846009 of Unknown type"^^xsd:string ;\n gnaf:gnafType <http://gnafld.net/def/gnaf/code/AddressTypes#Unknown> ;\n gnaf:hasAddressSite <http://gnafld.net/addressSite/710446495> ;\n gnaf:hasDateCreated "2004-04-29"^^xsd:date ;\n gnaf:hasDateLastModified "2018-02-01"^^xsd:date ;\n gnaf:hasGnafConfidence <http://gnafld.net/def/gnaf/GnafConfidence_2> ;\n gnaf:hasLocality <http://gnafld.net/locality/ACT570> ;\n gnaf:hasNumber [ a gnaf:Number ;\n gnaf:gnafType <http://gnafld.net/def/gnaf/code/NumberTypes#FirstStreet> ;\n prov:value 4 ] ;\n gnaf:hasPostcode 2615 ;\n gnaf:hasState <http://www.geonames.org/2177478> ;\n gnaf:hasStreet <http://gnafld.net/streetLocality/ACT3884> ;\n geo:hasGeometry [ a gnaf:Geocode ;\n rdfs:label "Frontage Centre Setback"^^xsd:string ;\n gnaf:gnafType <http://gnafld.net/def/gnaf/code/GeocodeTypes#FrontageCentreSetback> ;\n geo:asWKT "<http://www.opengis.net/def/crs/EPSG/0/4283> POINT(149.03747828 -35.20190973)"^^geo:wktLiteral ] .\n\n<http://gnafld.net/def/gnaf/GnafConfidence_2> rdfs:label "Confidence level 2"^^xsd:string .\n\n<http://www.geonames.org/2177478> rdfs:label "Australian Capital Territory"^^xsd:string .\n\n''
It seems that the error comes from the graph parser (g.parse()). If anyone has idea about how to solve this, it would be highly appreciated. Thanks in advance.
I am looking for available literature about cetacean and turtle bycatch in the Indonesian gillnet fishery in the Indian Ocean.
Data like quantity and species composition, mortality and discard rate are appreciated.
Thank in advance.
There are a lot of papers about the presence of Bend or avascular necrosis, or decompression syndrome in extinct reptiles as mosasaurs, tylosaurs, icthiosaurs... even odontochelys first turtle. Currently, sea turtles have the same problem due to the human activities. Most of scientist think that after the K-T extinction, the new anatomical and fisiological adaptations of sea turtles and marine mammals included an adaptation to this particular disease and there is not fossil data about this pathology in eocene or miocene, etc... Any one of you have information about avascular syndrome in marine animals after the K-T boundary? Thanks a lot for your help,
If need supporting from primary data, what method can be used in order to collect a new data? #sdm #phd #bataguraffinis #malaysia
I am trying to find papers with tested allometric equations for the relationship between length (carapace length) and mass for turtles. Does anyone know of any such papers?
We are conducting a home range study on aquatic turtle species and need to constrain the MCP or Home Range to a river. Any suggestions on how to do this using ArcGIS or an ArcGIS extension?
Many thanks for any advice you can provide.
Plastic pollution in fresh water and marine water has become a global crisis. Plastics pollution has deadly effect on wildlife. Thousands of seabirds and sea turtles, seals and other marine mammals are killed each year after ingesting plastic. so, how to reduce the effect of plastic on aquatic diversity?
Do you have any idea for to do research on this species? Maybe unexplored yet or needs more further study? Thank you so much ♥️
My name is Hairul from Selangor, Malaysia, 36 years old, 175cm, 66kg. I am looking for an opportunity to further study in PhD level. Any body here looking for a PhD student in research field such as wildlife management, conservation biology or life sciences. So far my expertise on breeding assessment, exitu management, terrapins/turtles, ecology and conservation.
This species has been sampled from carapace surface of hawksbill sea turtles nesting in Persian Gulf associated with filamentous algae. Photo has been taken under Stereo microscope by 25 X magnification.
In my opinion this species might be a Cnidarian species. What do you think?
1. River Terrapin
2. Ecological of River Terrapin
3. Genetic Ecology on turtles/ terrapin.
When/how can we use nest counts to monitor demographic changes in freshwater turtles?
Use of nest counts for monitoring changes in freshwater turtle populations has been debated (
When is it possible/appropriate to use nest counts to monitor demographic changes in freshwater turtle populations?
if the number of nests declines over time in the same area it is safe to assume that the population is declining.
If the number of nests increases can this reflect population increase? As females become older they may lay more nests. So to use nests as measure, we need to know the number of nests, eggs per nest and size of eggs (larger turtles lay larger eggs on average)....???
I am currently in Turkey with 21 samples of loggerhead turtle (Caretta carreta) plasma that require protein electrophoresis, the lab that was due to be running the samples today now says they are unable to do so. Any suggestions would be hugely welcome.
please I want to know the best method or protocol for DNA extraction for animals (molluscs, leeches, turtles, fish, snakes) ?
Frankly, I have observed there are differences found between sea turtles at the Bay of Brunei and Tambisan, Lahad datu. The number of barnacles attached on turtles at Brunei Bay is higher than turtles at Tambisan Lahad Datu. So, I would like to know what will effect the growth rate of barnacles at its host and how long does it takes to grow?
Dear Skull experts, I have 2D measurements of turtle skulls and like to know how limited I am in my conclusions drawn from that. One aim of my study is to provide an identification key to the species of the group I examined. I couldn´t do 3D scans and therefore went with landmarks on sutures (following guidelines on good landmarks in skulls and all). The people I have in mind that could use a potential identification - collection managers/other low budge researchers - won´t have fancy 3D scanners anyway so I think 2D is suitable for this purpose.
Still - how limited do you think conclusions from 2D distances are?
Thanks for providing your constructive feedback/opinion/possible relevant papers!
I am currently working with turtles and estimating their growth curves in relation to age. Since their age is unknown and fiSAT II estimates the growth constant parameter (k) to fit the Von Bertallanfy Growth Function, I wanted to know how can I estimate the confidence interval for this constant itself.
I've recently compared results of STRUCTURE and DAPC on two different data sets of microsatellite genotypes from nesting sea turtles sampled at nesting beaches in the same region (3 sites, 8 loci, n=118; 22 sites, 10 loci, n=666).
There is a similar pattern with both datasets: STRUCTURE detects 1-2 clusters (even after testing detected groups hierarchically), but DAPC k-means detects 4-9 clusters of relatively highly related individuals (0.05-0.23 within cluster average, all significantly higher than sample-wide mean relatedness) across all sites. All DAPC clusters have moderate but significant pairwise Fst (0.03-0.1).
Has anyone else experienced this or knows what might be going on? Why does STRUCTURE not detect these groups? Is there any way to validate my DAPC results?
Lieber Herr Karl, lieber Herr Sach,
könnte es sich bei den Grübchen und Furchen auf dem Bauchpanzer einer Sumpfschildkröte (grau gefärbter Teil der Außenseite auf den beigefügten Fotos) um Bißspuren handeln? Oder sind das eher Produkte von Verwitterung?
Das Panzerfragment stammt aus Grube 3 der Ausgrabungen 2000/2001 auf dem Moorfundplatz Friesack 4 in Brandenburg. Grube 3 war ca. 1 lang und noch 60 cm tief, sie war durch ihren Gehalt an Holzkohle kenntlich, sie datiert ins späte Boreal. Ihre Erhaltung verdankt sie vermutlich einer Überdeckung mit Torf seit dem Boreal. Die Grube enthielt zahlreiche mittelsteinzeitliche Artefakte, viele Fischwirbel und eine gebrannte dritte Phalange vom Wildschwein.
Bei der Grabung war der Schildkrötenpanzer in viele Stücke zerfallen, die sich bei der Grabung in verschiedenen Abhüben der Grubenfüllung in 5 cm Schichten und Viertelquadraten fanden.
Für Gruben vergleichbarer Form und Größe vermuten belgische Kollegen, dass es sich um Ameisennester handelt. Im Fall von Grube 3 hätten die Ameisen ihr Nest vor dem Anstieg des Grundwassers bauen müssen.
Kann der Schildkrötenpanzer etwas zur Klärung der Frage beitragen, ob es sich um eine anthropogene Grube handelt, die schnell verfüllt wurde, oder ob die in der Grube gefundenen Sachen nach Bau und Auflassung des Ameisennests hineingerutscht sind?
PS: Für alle Fälle füge ich Links zu einem Artikel über die Gruben und zur Deutung ähnlicher Befunde als Ameisennester bei:
PS 2: Der Schildkrötenpanzer ist in Wünsdorf. Bessere Fotos kann ich nicht machen.
I am looking for an RM-ANOVA alternative that fits with non-normal data that may not satisfy sphericity assumption. My dataset: Through a mark and recapture study, I trapped turtles, and collected fecal seed samples from these turtles (number of seeds present in per fecal sample varied between 0-~1500-- with most fecal samples having no seeds). About 20% of the fecal seed samples I have are from recaptured (same turtle captured more than ones on different instances) turtles-- therefore, my fecal seed samples are not necessarily independent samples. I need to figure out a statistical tests to see (1) whether no-seed fecal samples were significantly greater than seed-containing fecal samples AND (2) identify predictor variables (contagious and discrete variables-- such as turtle body wt, sex, sampling location) that influence number of seeds present in fecal samples. Had this been a case of independent observations, for my question 1, a chi-squared test of a Wilcoxon rank sum test (M-W type) would've worked easily. for question 2, a permutation ANOVA or a variations of GLMs could have been used. But, in this case, the samples are not really independent. Tests such as McNemar's are for before-after comparisons, Friedman does not work either as not all of my samples are repeated. So, what would be the best test to use?
In one of populations we work on (capture-mark-recapture studies) the oldest tortoises are already marked. It seams like someone branded them (like cattle) with Arabic numerals on middle of the plastron (ventral part of the shell).
Unfortunately we have no idea who and when did this mass (sometimes three digit numbers!) marking of tortoises, and it would be fascinating to learn more about that.
Please, if you have seen this type of individual markings description in some old publications, or you know about them in some other way, let me know.
I am working on aquatic turtle diet, a part of the mission is to identify the Macro invertebrates preys in the animal feces from their fragments left.
I am learning about micro mimicry and studying structure design. Turtle shells are fascinating and I would like any information that would help me learn how they have developed over the generations
What life history data do you need?
I was wondering whether the presence of pond turtles in temperate water bodies might be investigated using underwater recordings
I would like to know if there is a code that can help me measure the power consumption for the turtle bot robot.
Since 4 years, our association studies the demography of a European pond turtle population (Emys orbicularis), located on a wet area (about 7 ha) in southeastern France. This population is totally isolated. There is no road nearby, not limiting (apparent) factors that may cause high adult mortality. Laying areas are located near water areas in relatively well preserved terrestrial habitats. However, a significant reduction of the water surface is observed.
We found a growing imbalance in sex ratio, a very low survival and a large decline in the number of breeding males over time.
Do you know of a similar case?
In phylogenetic analysis I found turtles to be derived from pareiasaurs. See attached. Pappochelys, given the opportunity to nest with turtles, nests with basal placodonts, far from turtles.
I have found a couple papers that have investigated thermal ecology of box turtles but have not come across any that have measured thermoregulatory set points.
While working in Ghana, I came across a number of severely abnormal marine turtle hatchlings, including ones with only one eye (in the middle of the head), deformed heads (skull deformations), deformed spines, and co-joined twins.
It seems very odd that this was common on one beach, but not on any other beach I've worked on.
Textbook claims this to be giant Galapagos tortoise.
To me it appears to be something else.
I want to measure the strenght of a turtle (adult, juvenile and hatchling) limb. Is there anyone did this kind of measurement on the field? or do you have any idea for doing this harmlessly?
In order to better understand the respective geographic distributions of the 3 species of rice-field turtles (Geoemydidae: Malayemys), I would be very grateful to receive photos from all parts of the genus' range (individuals sold on food markets or kept in temple and park pools, individuals in the field, dead on road individuals, etc.). Please state clearly where and when the photos were taken, and by who, and I will contact you to ask more details about your photographs. Many thanks in advance! Best regards; Olivier
Ecological adaptation techniques of reptiles like lizards, snakes, turtles etc.
Adaptation for global warming can be expected from sea turtle in followings
such as changing their nest depth, changing nesting site and change in breeding season. Is there any other ways can you expect turtles can adapt? does any authors provide evidences for such adaptations?
What are the morphological differencs in Lissemys punctata punctata, Lissemys punctata andersoni and Lissmeys punctata vittata?
The reason I ask is that I have observed a great deal of predation on Glyptemys nests a month after nesting, which is fairly unusual.
Could you please explain about egg axis in marine turtle? How to position the egg in order not to change the axis when one have to move it to the artificial breeding ground? Can we see the axis from external morphology of the egg? Cheers.
This may seem like a very simplistic question, but I have yet to find any convincing answers. Harless and Morlock (1979) has some decent insights about chelonian sensory capabilities that suggest well-developed olfactory and visual capabilities in most Emydids. However, I have only found one paper (Spencer 2002) that explicitly investigated how turtles detect and avoid mammalian predators. Any thoughts?
I was looking at the salinity of the North Atlantic (34.5-35 ppm), around Australia (~35ppm) and east (36-37ppm) and west Meditterranean (38-39ppm), and was wondering what effects could that have on the loggerhead turtles?
Does anyone know of any reported differences in their embryonic development and juvenile/adult growth, that was linked to this difference?Do you know of any measurements and/or reported values of dry-to-wet-mass ratios for Atlantic and Mediterranean turtles?
I will post some stuff that I found in the comments, and would appreciate more info and references!
I can use editors like BBEdit on the Mac and Notepad++ on my PC, but they only provide syntax highlighting. What I would like to see is a full-fledged editor for RDF that provides some kind of auto-complete or even understands different dialects of RDF (XML, N3, Turtle...).
All of them are external parasites livestock in Iran. Except IMG_6583 which may be seen on the land turtle.
I'm wondering if there is a way to determine if a beach that is being used by sea turtles reflects a true nesting colony or if it is just incidental nesting (i.e. the beach is not a nesting colony, but just an available beach that the turtles would happen to nest on). I understand that sea turtles exhibit natal homing, but the range of their natal homing is quite wide and they may nest on any beach within that range, and it may be an ideal beach or not. Is there a way to determine if a beach reflects a nesting colony or just incidental nesting? Would it be the number of times that a particular female (or females) returns to the beach over the course of several years, the nest-density of that beach, or something else that I have not thought of? Is there a "magic number" to demarcate between a beach used by a colony or just incidental?
I have some species, sex, nest location, capture coordinates and capture dates of turtles. I do not really know how to approach this data. Would a type of modelling in GIS be best to evaluate turtles migration?
I hope you can help me.
I have a research with wild turtles on the coast of western Mexico and I would like to have updated information on the species of bacteria that may have in Lepidochelys olivacea turtles.
I am looking for researchers which can collaborate in a paper. What I need (attached in the jpg) is plastral measurements (PL, GuL, HumL, PecL, AbdL, FemL, and AnL) of many turtles of any species, with some recaptures along time. This measurements must be taken using callipers, not measurements from photographs.
If you have them and you can be interested in the collaboration, please, contact me as soon as possible.
Please, I wonder if there are commercially available antibodies and conjugates for the determination of CD4 / CD8 for turtles.
Does anybody heard about European pond turtle Emys orbicularis crossing the roads via concrete construction (permanent guide fence + channels) made under the road mailny for amphibians? Is it a proper solution for this animal?
Thank you in advance
I am looking to maybe buy portable x-ray equipment to x-ray turtles in the field. Does anyone have any experience with such equipment? Can you tell me what you do or do not like?
Can anybody help me with identification of the organisms in the liver and intestine of turtles? We suspect Entamoeba and/or Balantidium.
Few photos of the organisms in the sections, stained with HE and PAS are in the attached photos. The organs, staining and the maginification are listed in the file names.
Thank your very much for your help!