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Publications related to Transgender (10,000)
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Article
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Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and questioning (LGBTQ+) youth experience a myriad of mental health disparities as well as a heightened risk of suicide compared to their non-LGBTQ+ counterparts. They are also more likely to experience a multitude of stressful experiences such as bullying, discrimination, rejection from family, prejudice...
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Background DNA methylation is an epigenetic mark that is influenced by underlying genetic profile, environment, and ageing. In addition to X-linked DNA methylation, sex-specific methylation patterns are widespread across autosomal chromosomes and can be present from birth or arise over time. In individuals where gender identity and sex assigned at...
Article
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Background: Transgender men are a marginalized population with unique health care needs. However, their usage of health services is low because of considerable discrimination. A major factor in their avoidance is patient-provider interactions. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 102 transgender men who anonymously completed a 55-item qu...
Article
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Background HIV epidemic among men who have sex with men (MSM) remains a major public health concern in China. Despite a growing body of research on transgender women worldwide, little is known about Chinese transgender women within MSM. We sought to estimate HIV incidence and distinguish risk factors of HIV acquisition among them from that among ci...
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Background Gay men use recreational drugs more often than heterosexuals—especially at social events. While partying at a venue, partygoers are at risk of drug overdosing, without access to an emergency help. This study evaluates a unique and novel intervention aimed at training men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender individuals who frequen...
Article
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Background Women represent a meaningful proportion of new HIV diagnoses, with Black women comprising 58% of new diagnoses among women. As HIV infection also increases risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD), understanding CKD risk among women with HIV (WWH), particularly Black women, is critical. Methods In this longitudinal cohort study of people wi...
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This article aims to reflect on the current health challenges of lesbians, gays, bisexuals, transgenders, intersex, and other sexual and gender minorities (LGBTI+) within the Brazilian scenario. This study adopted a triangulation approach, based on two studies developed in the Southeast and South of Brazil, which included policy analysis and qualit...
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Background HIV disproportionately affects people who inject drugs, transgender people, sex workers, men who have sex with men, and incarcerated people. Recognized as key populations (KP), these groups face increased impact of HIV infection and reduced access to health assistance. In 1990, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention organized tech...
Article
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Though there is evidence of an historical exclusion of trans women from lesbian feminist separatist spaces supported by radical feminist lesbian anti-trans discourse as well as modern examples of anti-trans perspectives promoted by feminists sometimes described as Trans Exclusionary Radical Feminists, it remains unclear as to if there is a signific...
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Background World Professional Association for Transgender Health guidelines support the importance of a mental health assessment before providing medical treatment for Gender Dysphoria (GD). During this assessment, patients without GD but with mental health disorder and who request treatment for GD should be excluded. Dissociative Identity Disorder...
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The paper outlines the legal status of eunuchs/ transgenders in India; how they are made a victim of stigmatisation and exclusion by the society; where even their families view them as burdens and exclude them. This paper envisages the main problems transgenders usually face in India, alongwith the remedies that can be made readily available in ord...
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Background Innovation is needed to produce sustained improvements in bacterial sexually transmitted infections (STI) testing given suboptimal access and uptake among sexually active gay, bisexual or other men who have sex with men (GBM). Yet, the STI testing processes and technologies that best address local testing barriers among GBM in Toronto is...
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The issue of transgender women competing against cisgender women in individual athletic competition is provocative and promises to become even more so in the coming years. Proponents of this type of competition believe that athletes should be able to compete against the gender with which they identify rather than the sex they were born into. Those...
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Transgender and gender diverse (TGD) individuals’ depsychopathologization in the eleventh revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) faces systemic discrim- inations built-in epistemic pipelines. Based on an analysis of unexploited data from ICD-11 and the French translation process, this article addresses power issues in par...
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Background Decision-making competence is a complex concept in the care for transgender and gender diverse adolescents, since this type of care concerns one’s developing gender identity and involves treatment options that often lack international consensus. Even despite competence assessments, moral challenges arise in the decision-making process. H...
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Purpose of review The goal of this review is to assess the use of digital technologies to promote the health and well-being of transgender and gender diverse (TGD) people. Recent findings TGD individuals experience numerous health disparities, including low uptake of HIV prevention strategies, such as pre-exposure prophylaxis, increased HIV incide...
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Gender Affirmation Surgery/Therapy (GAS/GAT) constitutes an array of surgical and hormonal therapy performed on patients presenting with a diagnosis of ‘Gender Dysphoria’. Facial Feminisation Surgery is a part of the overall gender reassignment process. It is a broad term used to describe the surgical alteration, generally performed on a male-to-fe...
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Objectives To characterise the extent to which the levels of violence and discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer (LGBTQ+) people have changed amid COVID-19. Design Cross-sectional, secondary analysis. Setting 79 countries. Participants All adults (aged ≥18 years) who used the Hornet social networking application and...
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The present study examined the mediating role of guilt between stigma and self-esteem of sexual minority individuals (N = 282 Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer) living in India under two disclosure conditions. These disclosure conditions were conceptualized as moderator in which a degree of disclosure ranging from disclosure to a large...
Article
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Background: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) individuals are at higher risk of poor mental health and well-being. Social media platforms can provide LGBTQ youths with a space that counters heteronormative environments and potentially supports mental health and well-being. Mental health includes an individual's state of psychol...
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Biology is the study of the diversity of life, which includes diversity in sex, gender, and sexual, romantic, and related orientations. However, a small body of literature suggests that undergraduate biology courses focus on only a narrow representation of this diversity (binary sexes, heterosexual orientations, etc.). In this study, we interviewed...
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Background There is growing acknowledgement of the psycho-social vulnerability of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer and/or intersex (LGBTQI) people with cancer. The majority of research to date has focused on cisgender adults with breast or prostate cancer. Study Aim This study examined psycho-social factors associated with distress and q...
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In 2019, Taiwan became the first country in Asia to legalize same-sex marriage. Celebrated as a victory for global lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) rights, Taiwan’s 2019 law privileges marriage and biological parent-child ties as the foundation for LGBT family rights and (co-)parental recognition. This article contributes to sociolega...
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This study aimed to identify factors associated with HIV risk perception among Mexican transgender women (TGW). This cross-sectional survey was conducted online and at a public HIV clinic in Mexico City. Participants were ≥ 18 years old, self-identified as TGW, and reported not living with HIV. They answered questions on sexual behavior, HIV risk p...
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Previous estimates suggest that there are at least nine million transgender people in Asia–Pacific; however, in most countries, legal gender recognition has not been made possible or there are otherwise stringent eligibility criteria. The obligation of having undergone gender-affirming medical interventions as a basis for such recognition is being...
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Objective: The objective of this scoping review is to understand the extent and type of evidence in relation to barriers and facilitators experienced by transgender individuals in accessing hormone therapy. It will also explore experiences of primary care practitioners in prescribing hormone therapy in primary care. Introduction: Providing care...
Presentation
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Brief review of gender diversity and the effects of gender diversity on the auditory system for researchers and educators.
Article
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According to international transgender care guidelines, transgender adolescents should have medical decision-making competence (MDC) to start puberty suppression (PS) and halt endogenous pubertal development. However, MDC is a debated concept in adolescent transgender care and little is known about the transgender adolescents’, their parents’, and...
Article
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Background Transgender individuals are considered at high risk of contracting HIV infection. Integrating HIV testing and counseling (HTC) services into current transgender health programs is necessary to increase its uptake. Our study aimed to describe the characteristics of trans men (TM) and trans women (TW) who accessed HTC services in a communi...
Article
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Purpose Victimization contributes to mental and behavioral health inequities among transgender and gender diverse (TGD) people, but few studies have simultaneously examined health-promoting resiliencies. We sought to identify classes of risk and resilience among TGD adults, assess characteristics associated with these classes, and examine their rel...
Article
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In the recent past, there has been a strong interest in the use of information and communication technology (ICT) to deliver healthcare to 'hard-to-reach' populations. This scoping review aims to explore the types of ICT-based health interventions for transgender people, and the concerns on using these interventions and ways to address these concer...
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The study aimed to investigate factors associated with non-binary gender identity in Russian female psychiatric inpatients with suicidal ideation. This case–control study included 38 female inpatients with non-binary gender identity and a control group—76 cisgender women matched for age (age range 19–35 years, M age, 21.5 years); both groups were p...
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The gender diverse and transgender community is a minor patient group that is encountered with increasing frequency in the clinical setting, attributed to the improved awareness and access to medical facilities. Partial impairment to permanent elimination of fertility potential and outcomes depending on the treatment modality usually is a result of...
Thesis
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Problematyka badawcza, jak została podjęta w tej pracy związana jest z rolą awatarów i oddziaływaniem między technologią a tożsamością osoby z fizycznym identyfikatorem piętna; szczególna uwaga poświęcona została identyfikacji osób niecisnormatywnych oraz osób z niepełnosprawnościami, ich emocjom, uczuciom i uwypuklonym cechom. W badaniach podjęto...
Article
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Empirical research on Canadian correctional workers’ successes, challenges, and attitudes towards accommodating gender diversity remains limited. Drawing on data garnered from two open-ended survey questions (n = 70) asking correctional workers in the community or institutions about their perspectives on working with trans populations, we explore h...
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Background Transgender and gender diverse (TGD) individuals disproportionately experience disparate health outcomes compared to their cisgender peers. This study aimed to collect qualitative data from a sample of TGD community health center patients on health research priorities to inform future TGD-centered research in the field of TGD health. Me...
Article
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Given the well-established health disparities between lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and gender-expansive (LGBTQ+) and cisgender, straight youth, scholars predicted the COVID-19 pandemic would disproportionately impact LGBTQ+ students. Yet, few studies have described changes in LGBTQ+ students’ school experiences and well-being during...
Article
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Objective: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the life experiences of individuals who are in the process of gender affirmation and have not undergone any surgical intervention for gender affirmation process. Methods: The research was conducted in a phenomenological type using a qualitative research design, and a purposive sampling method was used...
Article
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Social and economic inequality are chronic stressors that continually erode the mental and physical health of marginalized groups, undermining overall societal resilience. In this comprehensive review, we synthesize evidence of greater increases in mental health symptoms during the COVID-19 pandemic among socially or economically marginalized group...
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Introduction Current Endocrine Society guidelines recommend that transgender women taking spironolactone have their potassium levels checked every 3 months for the first year after initiating therapy and annually thereafter to monitor for hyperkalemia. The goal of this study was to assess the need for such frequent potassium monitoring and to inves...
Article
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Few studies investigating daily oral preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) focus on transgender persons. The Sustainable Health Center Implementation PrEP Pilot (SHIPP) Study included a large observational cohort of transgender persons with implications for PrEP in the United States. We examined data from SHIPP’s observational cohort and its Medication Ad...
Article
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Introduction Anti-trans bias, discrimination, and religiosity are associated with higher levels of depression, anxiety, suicidality, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among trans and nonbinary (TNB) people. Certain US states have enacted anti-discrimination policies. These policies aim to decrease discrimination and disparate mental health...
Article
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Background Adolescent men who have sex with men (aMSM) and transgender women (aTGW) are affected disproportionately by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Although new methods of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), such as long-acting injectable (LAI-PrEP), have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration, their acceptability among aMS...
Article
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Growing research in the last two decades has begun to investigate the HIV risks and sexual health practices of transgender men, especially as a subpopulation of men who have sex with men (MSM) that likely shares certain HIV risks and sexual health practices with cisgender MSM, the sociodemographic group that continues to be at highest risk for HIV...
Article
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Lesbian, bisexual, transgender, queer and asexual (LGBTQA+) Australians are vulnerable to religion-based attempts to change or suppress their sexuality and/or gender identity, including conversion ideology messaging in school-based sex education. Conversion bans are currently being debated across the country. This paper reports on a critical surviv...
Article
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Background Access to clinicians competent in transgender health remains a significant barrier and contributor toward health inequity for transgender people. Studies on access and barriers to care have predominantly evaluated transgender patients’ perceptions, but scant research has included the perspectives of clinicians. Aims We conducted a quali...
Article
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Gender dysphoria affects 0.5% of people worldwide. Transgender men display a divergence between the female genetic sex and the gender male identity. To the best of our knowledge, we describe the first case report with regard to a transgender man with a dichorionic diamniotic twin pregnancy obtained by artificial insemination using donor sperm as a...
Presentation
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The WoW Talks at George Washington University are 10-minute TED style presentations that offer snapshots of faculty’s latest research. In her talk, Professor Joubin will examine why gender has become the latest battle ground for culture wars. Anti-feminist, white nationalist, (trans)misogynist, anti-immigrant, and homophobic movements use “genderis...
Article
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We usually hope that social norms discourage injustice. However, we are all witnesses to harmful norms enforced by governments, such as xenophobia, which need to be contested and changed. Previous studies have concluded that it is possible to change a harmful norm through contestation by powerless actors if suitable structural conditions exist. How...
Article
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Gender-affirming hormones have been shown to improve psychological functioning and quality of life among transgender and nonbinary (trans) people, yet, scant research exists regarding whether and why individuals take more or less hormones than prescribed. Drawing on survey data from 379 trans people who were prescribed hormones, we utilized multiva...
Article
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Background Adherent pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) uptake can prevent HIV infections. Despite the high HIV incidence, Chinese key populations have low PrEP uptake and adherence. New interventions are needed to increase PrEP adherence among key populations in China. Co-creation methods are helpful to solicit ideas from the community to solve public...
Article
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Background: Transgender healthcare is a rapidly evolving interdisciplinary field. In the last decade, there has been an unprecedented increase in the number and visibility of transgender and gender diverse (TGD) people seeking support and gender-affirming medical treatment in parallel with a significant rise in the scientific literature in this are...
Article
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Gender role conflict theory explains transgender individuals fail to abide by the stereotypical norms of society and thus experience gender role conflicts. Moving away from the traditional masculine role, transfeminine individuals suffer from conflicts that reduce their psychological well-being. Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) using...
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The objective of the study was to describe the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on sex workers in accessing health and social services. A qualitative study was conducted using semi-structured interviews with 29 participants in Barcelona, Spain. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis. Four themes were identified: (1) impact of COVID-19 on physica...
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Cyberbullying and non-consensual sexting are prevalent and potentially harmful online behaviours. However, little is known about the attitudes and beliefs that underpin these behaviours in ciswomen and cismen and the extent to which they explain the online experiences of trans and gender diverse (TGD) people. A sample of 638 ciswomen, 722 cismen, a...
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This article offers discourse analysis of young transgender people's interaction, in which they describe being rendered powerless through misgendering or misrepresentation. It argues that the young people's collective responses to these moments enable them to challenge the ideologies underpinning their marginalisation, and to recontextualise the la...
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Purpose of Review The relationships between gender identity, body image, and gender expression are complex, requiring a gender affirming approach to address weight management. This purpose of this review is to describe the essentials to caring for gender diverse youth, as well as the differences and intersections among those with obesity. Recent F...
Article
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Gender-based violence (GBV) against transgender and nonbinary (TGNB) persons is a pervasive public health issue. GBV has been linked to mental health problems such as depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), as well has risk for HIV seroconversion and HIV treatment nonadherence. However, the impact of GBV on HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis...
Article
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Both in the US and Europe, the number of minors who present at transgender healthcare services before the onset of puberty is rapidly expanding. Many of those who will have persistent gender dysphoria at the onset of puberty will pursue long-term puberty suppression before reaching the appropriate age to start using gender affirming hormones. Expos...
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Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer populations are disproportionately affected by chronic stress associated with stigma which contributes to health adversities including depression. Negative impact of stigma on health can be alleviated by factors such as resilience. Little is known however on how exposure to stigma, protective factors a...
Article
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Introduction The term “Sexual and Gender Minorities” includes lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, intersex and/or asexual populations. It was introduced in the MeSH Database in 2018. Mental health research on sexual and gender minority populations is gaining momentum. Objectives To describe mental disorders among sexual and gender minoriti...
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Background To examine health and health-related behaviors in migrant and refugee individuals who identify as sexual or gender minority, and in comparison to their heterosexual peers. Methods The study included 168,952 individuals (aged 16–84 years, males: 45·9%, sexual or gender minorities: 3·1%) who answered the Swedish National Public Health Sur...
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The present study examined whether a mismatch between sex and gender in transgender women in Israel affects their internal worldview as expressed in gender role ideology (liberal-feminist vs. conservative-chauvinistic views), and their perception of body image. 40 cisgender men, 40 cisgender women, and 41 transgender women (total of 121). Both in r...
Article
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Muscle dysmorphia (MD) is characterized by a pervasive belief or fear of insufficient muscularity and an elevated drive for muscularity, representing the pathological and extreme pursuit of muscularity. Psychometric properties of one of the most widely used measures of MD symptoms—the Muscle Dysmorphic Disorder Inventory (MDDI)—have yet to be evalu...
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Objective: The transgender male body is often considered a “black box” by even the most senior of attending physicians. Because of the stigma and fear associated with the utilization of Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) and the lack of clinical knowledge surrounding the subject, many transgender men will experience unnecessary testing for endometri...
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Introduction Transgender women (TGW) are one of the most vulnerable groups, including higher prevalence of HIV and mental health disorders, such as anxiety and depression than in the general population. Major Depression Disorder (MDD) is one of the most important mental health conditions due to an increasing trend in prevalence in the general popul...