Science method

Transfer (Psychology) - Science method

Change in learning in one situation due to prior learning in another situation. The transfer can be positive (with second learning improved by first) or negative (where the reverse holds).
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Publications related to Transfer (Psychology) (10,000)
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Article
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A new Precise Point Positioning (PPP) service, called the PPP-B2b service, has been implemented in the BeiDou-3 Navigation Satellite System (BDS-3), which brings new opportunities for time transfer. However, the solution using the traditional PPP method with the PPP-B2b correction still absorbs some unknown errors and needs reconverging when there...
Article
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Ultra-high-performance concrete (UHPC) is being increasingly considered as a construction material for structural applications. When considering these applications, the load transfer across monolithic and non-monolithic interfaces must be adequately designed. However, due to the physical and mechanical differences between UHPC and conventional conc...
Preprint
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Deadline for full papers (5,000-7,000 words for articles, 2,000-3,000 words for book reviews, 150-word abstract, 5-7 keywords, 3-5 theoretical references, 150-word bioprofile): 1 April 2023 Contact: metacriticjournal@gmail.com The next issue of the Metacritic Journal for Comparative Studies and Theory, to be published in July 2023, will be dedicat...
Article
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Introduction Transformations in the area of technology and communication allowing easy access to information resulted in Polish cities facing the challenge of changing their promotional activity. This activity has been largely transferred to social media. The article presents the definition of social media, their classification and the activity of...
Preprint
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p>Let us consider the prime field of two elements, $\mathbb F_2.$ The classical "hit problem" in Algebraic Topology, which is widely considered to be an important and fascinating open problem that has yet to be resolved, asks for a minimal set of generators for the polynomial algebra, $\mathcal P_m:=\mathbb F_2[x_1, x_2, \ldots, x_m]$, on $m$ varia...
Poster
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This study investigates the relationship among teachers' motivation, training design, working environment on their learning transfer. Mediation analyses among the variables were also investigated. This study also explored both direct and indirect effects of the predictors on the outcome variable. the study included 308 teachers' responses who parti...
Preprint
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p>Establishing accurate time standards across the globe is very important. The success of any real-time task depends on maintaining time synchronization in its system. Space technology helps in enabling global dissemination of time. In this paper, we propose a model that uses satellites to transfer the time information extracted from three qubits t...
Conference Paper
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Kamu sağlık sektöründe tedarik yönetimi sürecinde Sağlık Bakanlığının primer rolü bulunmakta olup bağlı tüm kurum ve kuruluşlar stratejik planları, politikaları, eylemleri çerçevesinde hizmet yürütmektedirler. Tedarik sürecinde dış kaynak kullanımına paralel olarak kaynakların etkin ve verimli kullanılması için iç kaynak kullanımına da çoğunlukla b...
Preprint
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p>Establishing accurate time standards across the globe is very important. The success of any real-time task depends on maintaining time synchronization in its system. Space technology helps in enabling global dissemination of time. In this paper, we propose a model that uses satellites to transfer the time information extracted from three qubits t...
Article
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Desirable difficulties are learning conditions that are often experienced as effortful, but have a positive effect on learning results and transfer of knowledge and skills (Bjork & Bjork, 2011; Bjork, 1994). Learners often do not appreciate the beneficial effects of desirable difficulties, and the negative experiences of high effort and perceived l...
Article
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Research in social psychology and experimental philosophy has investigated lay people’s free will beliefs (FWB). Using different approaches (i.e. experimental manipulations and vignette studies), they investigated how FWB relate to other concepts, and whether changing FWB has an impact on downstream processes such as social behavior. However, both...
Article
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Ensuring the cooperative security of water, energy, and food (WEF) nexus system is one of the keys to achieve regional high-quality development. In the present study, the pressure-state-response (PSR) model was introduced to construct the cooperative security evaluation index system (CSEIS) of the WEF nexus system from the perspectives of stability...
Preprint
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Secure quantum communication protocols based on prepare-and-measure scheme employ mutually unbiased bases. In these protocols, a large number of runs, in which different participants measure in different bases, simply go wasted. In this paper, we show that it is possible to reduce the number of such runs by a suitable design of the key generation r...
Article
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The intact tomb group of the so-called ‘Two Brothers’, dating to around 1850 bce , was found at Deir Rifeh in Middle Egypt. Since its transfer to Manchester Museum in 1907, it has been central to the Museum’s extensive Egyptian collection—and of its celebratory history of Manchester Egyptology. Here, established interpretations of the ‘Brothers’s’...
Article
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Structured Abstract Hintergrund: Die Kompetenz im Umgang mit Modellen ist für den Naturwissenschaftsunterricht zentral. Bei einer unachtsa-men Herangehensweise können Lernendenvorstellungen aufgebaut und automatisiert werden, die einem adäquaten Modellver-ständnis entgegenwirken. Die gängigsten Lernendenvorstellungen entstehen durch den Transfer vo...
Preprint
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We give what we believe is an optimal condition for the uniqueness of Doeblin measures ($g$-measures) in terms of the variations of a Doeblin function ($g$-function). We prove that if the Doeblin function $g$ satisfies $\limsup_{n\to\infty}\frac{{\mbox var}_n \log g}{\sqrt{n}^{-1}} < 2,$ then we have a unique Doeblin measure. We believe that ther...
Preprint
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The grand challenge of scaling up quantum computers requires a full-stack architectural standpoint. In this position paper, we will present the vision of a new generation of scalable quantum computing architectures featuring distributed quantum cores (Qcores) interconnected via quantum-coherent qubit state transfer links and orchestrated via an int...
Article
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The mobile phone has become an integral part of modern life, with its capabilities now include data transfer and internet browsing in addition to voice communication. The purpose of this project is to create a notification system and connect it to the university's website. By connecting, it achieves a high level of efficiency in organizing interact...
Article
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Metalenses have attracted much attention from researchers because they are thin, multifunctional and easy to integrate. However, due to the limitation of fabrication techniques and the influence of working wavelength, it is difficult to realize a large aperture. In this paper, we design and simulate polarization-insensitive, orthogonal linearly pol...
Article
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In contrast to phosphine oxides and arsine oxides, which are common and exist as stable monomeric species featuring the corresponding pnictoryl functional group (Pn=O/Pn⁺–O⁻; Pn = P, As), stibine oxides are generally polymeric, and the properties of the unperturbed stiboryl group (Sb=O/Sb⁺–O⁻) remain unexplored. We now report the isolation of the m...
Article
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Even with experience, transferable skills, and education, a new job always has a learning curve. When the new job is also part of a new career in higher education, the curve is often steeped with different expectations, communication practices, and workplace culture in general. As two academic librarians who previously worked in other fields, we ha...
Article
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Budidaya tanaman padi merupakan salah satu pekerjaan utama bagi masyarakat di Desa Bapeang, Kecamatan Mentawa Baru, Kabupaten Kotawaringin Timur. Petani dalam melakukan usaha pertaniannya sering berhadapan dengan serangan hama dan penyakit yang menjadi faktor pembatas dalam meningkatkan produksi tanaman. Tindakan pencegahan dan pengendalian hama ma...
Article
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The relationship between public expenditures and economic growth is a constantly debated topic among researchers. There are five main models used to test Wagner's Law. This study aims to test Wagner's Law for Turkiye's public expenditure and expenditure types within the scope of economic classification by using all models in the literature. We test...
Article
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We examine spin excitation or polarization transfer via spin chains with long-range exchange interactions in the presence of diagonal and off-diagonal disorder. To this end, we determine the mean localization length of the single-excitation eigenstates of the chain for various strengths of the disorder. We then identify the energy eigenstates of th...
Article
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z Anadolu kültüründe önemli bir yeri olan ve bu geleneği nesilden nesile aktaran dokumalar; günümüze kadar işlevselliğiyle varlığını sürdürmüştür. Bu çalışmada, dokuma sanatının bir tekniği olan kilim dokumanın geleneksel formunu koruyarak takıya uygulanış biçimine dair bilgiler verilmesi amaçlanmıştır. Çalışmanın sınırları içerisinde kilim dokuma...
Article
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In terms of English education, much research has been done on the combination of reading and writing, but there are relatively few studies on the combination of reading and speaking. In this study, the combination of reading and speaking in English through activities was expounded. The effect of this teaching mode was studied based on students’ und...
Article
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Project portfolios have been seen as a structured way to implement business changes based on the organizational strategic goals. In this regard, portfolio risk could be related with the risk factors impact on strategic objectives. However, risk factors related to the project portfolio do not directly impact strategic objectives; their strategic imp...
Article
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In the internet and cloud environment, service composition is always used to enhance the function and processing ability of clouds. Those clouds work together for a user and provide different functions. A service request may involve multiple clouds. The past work focuses on the method of service composition and ignores the energy composition when f...
Preprint
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The problem of class incremental learning (CIL) is considered. State-of-the-art approaches use a dynamic architecture based on network expansion (NE), in which a task expert is added per task. While effective from a computational standpoint, these methods lead to models that grow quickly with the number of tasks. A new NE method, dense network expa...
Article
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Compartmental models play an important role to describe the dynamics of systems that involve mass movements between different types of pools. We develop a theory to analyse the average ages of mass in different pools in a linear compartmental system with time-dependent (i.e. non-autonomous) transfer rates, which involves transit times that characte...
Article
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Multiple typical case studies were conducted to identify the factors influencing the knowledge transfer to villagers working in rural tourism. The Decision-Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory–Maximum Mean De-Entropy–Interpretative Structural Modeling method was applied to analyze the hierarchical structure model of knowledge transfer’s influenci...
Thesis
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This thesis investigates quantum foundations, evaluating and leveraging this area for the development of quantum technologies. It also demonstrates the usefulness of quantum technologies for experimentally testing foundational hypotheses. It does this by looking at two areas within foundations: counterfactual communication, and extensions of quantu...
Preprint
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p>Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs) do hold the promise of providing Web3 with the opportunity for self-sovereignty of users' physical assets. However, existing NFT marketplaces lack a generic design that allows the value of assets to flow efficiently. In this paper, we propose a generic NFT architecture for Web3. The architecture supports the rapid devel...
Preprint
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Recent successes in image synthesis are powered by large-scale diffusion models. However, most methods are currently limited to either text- or image-conditioned generation for synthesizing an entire image, texture transfer or inserting objects into a user-specified region. In contrast, in this work we focus on synthesizing complex interactions (ie...
Preprint
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Existing pre-trained models have yielded promising results in terms of computational time reduction. However, these models only focus on pruning simple sentences or less salient words, while neglecting the treatment of relatively complex sentences. It is frequently these sentences that cause the loss of model accuracy. This shows that the adaptatio...
Article
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The Carnot cycle causes heat to transfer from low to high temperatures without consuming external energy. and the second law of thermodynamics is overturned。
Article
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Social innovation has increasingly become an issue of policy and particularly given the policy focus on societal grand challenges. As anchor institutions, the challenge for entrepreneurial universities is to effectively respond and contribute to both technological and social innovation through knowledge and technology transfer. The current conceptu...
Article
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Catalysis is dominated by the use of rare and potentially toxic transition metals. The main group offers a potentially sustainable alternative for catalysis, due to the generally higher abundance and lower toxicity of these elements. Group 13 elements have a rich catalogue of stoichiometric addition reactions to unsaturated bonds but cannot undergo...
Article
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Background: Besides motor coordination problems, attentional impairments are reported in children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD), but the connection or trainability is still unclear. Aim: To test changes on attentional abilities after playing active video games (AVG) in children with DCD and their peers (TD), to evaluate near tra...
Article
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This article deals with the interim language, respectively the learner language or interlanguage. The aim of this paper is to show the process of foreign language acquisition through some aspects of interim languages, such as fossilizations, natural sequences in L2 acquisition, systemicity, and some strategies such as simplification, overgeneraliza...
Article
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The thermo convective instability of the Darcy-Benard problem (DB) using Robin (third-kind) thermal conditions is investigated here. We consider a viscous Newtonian fluid saturating a porous layer in which the layer is sandwiched between two impermeable boundaries. The upper and the lower walls are modelled in the form of the Neumann (second-kind)...
Preprint
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p>Safety is critical in robotic tasks. Energy function based methods have been introduced to address the problem. To ensure safety in the presence of control limits, we need to design an energy function that results in persistently feasible safe control at all system states. However, designing such an energy function for high-dimensional nonlinear...
Preprint
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This paper presents a novel dynamic network autoregressive conditional heteroscedasticity (ARCH) model based on spatiotemporal ARCH models to forecast volatility in the US stock market. To improve the forecasting accuracy, the model integrates temporally lagged volatility information and information from adjacent nodes, which may instantaneously sp...
Preprint
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R\"odl and Ruci\'nski (1990) established Ramsey's theorem for random graphs. In particular, for fixed integers $r$, $\ell\geq 2$ they showed that $\hat p_{K_\ell,r}(n)=n^{-\frac{2}{\ell+1}}$ is a threshold for the Ramsey property that every $r$-colouring of the edges of the binomial random graph $G(n,p)$ yields a monochromatic copy of $K_\ell$. We...
Article
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This article focuses on how questions regarding the signification of knowledge manifest in Alfredian literature in order to investigate how epistemology shapes books. It primarily examines the Alfredian preface, reading it as a mechanism though which texts were shifted from disparate anthologies to unitary books, reflecting an understanding of know...
Article
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In this paper, the efficiency of a 2.75 MW nacelle drivetrain on a test bench was determined traceably at various load points. For this purpose, so-called transfer standards for mechanical and electrical power measurement were additionally installed and integrated into the nacelle drivetrain. As torque measurement contributes greatly to the overall...
Article
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Pedagogical agents were found to enhance learning but studies on the emotional effects of such agents are still missing. While first results show that pedagogical agents with an emotionally positive design might especially foster learning, these findings might depend on the gender of the agent and the learner. This study investigated whether emotio...
Preprint
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According to the conservation of angular momentum, when a plane-wave polarized photon splits into a pair of electron-positron under the influence of the Coulomb field, the spin angular momentum (SAM) of the photon is converted into the angular momentum of the leptons. We investigate this process (the Bethe-Heitler process) by describing the final e...
Article
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The critical analysis of the new experimental data obtained by the ATLAS Collaboration group at 13 TeV is presented and the problem of the tension between data of the ATLAS and TOTEM Collaborations is considered. The analysis of new effects discovered on the basis of experimental data at 13 TeV MDPI: ref is not allowed in abstract, please correct....
Article
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The high costs for the development, erecting und operation of wind turbines are connected to very high expectations for a reliable and low-maintenance operation and require a precise knowledge of the loads and stresses to be expected. The transfer of knowledge from smaller wind turbines and possibly other concepts succeeds only to a limited extent....
Article
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High-energy cosmic rays interact in the Earth’s atmosphere and produce extensive air showers (EASs) which can be measured with large detector arrays at the ground. The interpretation of these measurements relies on models of the EAS development which represents a challenge as well as an opportunity to test quantum chromodynamics (QCD) under extreme...
Article
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The transfer matrix of the standard and fractional linear discrete-time linear systems is investigated. Necessary and sufficient conditions for zeroing of the transfer matrix of the linear discrete-time systems are established. The considerations are illustrated by examples of the standard and fractional linear discrete-time systems.
Preprint
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In this paper, we study a novel task that enables partial knowledge transfer from pre-trained models, which we term as Partial Network Cloning (PNC). Unlike prior methods that update all or at least part of the parameters in the target network throughout the knowledge transfer process, PNC conducts partial parametric "cloning" from a source network...
Article
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Water is the subject of study in many scientific fields. The relationship between water and space in architecture is connected with environmental psychology and biophilic design. Therefore, this study seeks to explore the research related to water at the intersection of environmental psychology and biophilic design, to identify current research gap...
Preprint
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This paper presents a method for detecting grammatical errors in Bangla using a Text-to-Text Transfer Transformer (T5) Language Model, using the small variant of BanglaT5, fine-tuned on a corpus of 9385 sentences where errors were bracketed by the dedicated demarcation symbol. The T5 model was primarily designed for translation and is not specifica...
Article
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We study a multi-objective finite-horizon game model of renewable, common resource extraction where the players have two separate objectives (one is economic success; the other describes the players’ environmental concern). We derive the cooperative strategy and the subgame-perfect Pareto equilibrium in linear-state non-stationary feedback strategi...
Preprint
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For video models to be transferred and applied seamlessly across video tasks in varied environments, Video Unsupervised Domain Adaptation (VUDA) has been introduced to improve the robustness and transferability of video models. However, current VUDA methods rely on a vast amount of high-quality unlabeled target data, which may not be available in r...
Article
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This paper aims to find out the best traffic mode connecting the regional metro station and provide several suggestions to promote it. Dishui Lake subway station was selected for the case study. In order to find the best transfer mode to promote, an evaluation system was established according to the principle of accessible, affordable, convenient,...
Preprint
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Metacognitive skills have been commonly associated with preparation for future learning in deductive domains. Many researchers have regarded strategy- and time-awareness as two metacognitive skills that address how and when to use a problem-solving strategy, respectively. It was shown that students who are both strategy-and time-aware (StrTime) out...
Chapter
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This study aims to determine the Recreation Potential of Yozgat Çamlık National Park, which was declared a National Park in 1958 and is the first national park in our country. To monitor the changes and developments in the National Park in determining the recreation potential, in January, and December 2021-2022, regular examinations were made in th...
Article
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This research aims to know the method that Bahaa Al-Din Al-Qashi (may Allah have mercy on him) followed in the interpretation of the Qur’anic surahs by collecting and studying what he has mentioned of news and traces in his interpretation. He did not explain the entire Qur’anic surah, but rather he confined himself to transmitting some of the inter...
Conference Paper
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Within the general framework of frequency-domain topology optimization of Multi Input-Multi Output (MI-MO) dynamic systems, suitable norms of the input/output transfer matrix are introduced as possible merit functions to be minimized. Among them, the by now classical H_∞-norm (i.e. the supremum of the maximum singular value over the whole frequency...
Article
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When children practice a new task, they need to learn both the task procedure and the materials tested. It is often unclear if improvements with practice reflect learning of the task procedure or familiarity with the materials. We sought to examine learning of the task procedure by switching from one set of materials to another in a working memory...
Article
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The field of social epistemology has been producing new discourses about knowledge generation and transfer while not forgetting the social aspects of them. One of its contributions is the acknowledgment of epistemic agents other than some lone subject in transferring and generating knowledge. For many centuries, people have been receiving knowledge...
Chapter
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The 18th volume of the interdisciplinary series on Knowledge and Space looks at how people learn, create and transfer knowledge within and across social groups, such as professions, scholarly disciplines or communities. On the one hand, creating knowledge across social groups is important for innovation, especially for creating more radical and unc...
Preprint
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p>Let $\mathcal A$ be the classical, singly-graded Steenrod algebra over the prime order field $\mathbb F_2$ and let $P^{\otimes h}: = \mathbb F_2[t_1, \ldots, t_h]$ denote the polynomial algebra on $h$ generators, each of degree $1.$ Write $GL_h$ for the usual general linear group of rank $h$ over $\mathbb F_2.$ Then, $P^{\otimes h}$ is an \$\mathc...
Article
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The investigation of the reactivity of an α-amido sulfone derived from 2-formyl benzoate under organocatalytic conditions in the presence of acetylacetone allowed the synthesis of a new heterocyclic hybrid isoindolinone-pyrazole with high enantiomeric excess. Dibenzylamine was also used as a nucleophile to afford an isoindolinone with aminal substi...
Article
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The theory of cognitive development and the logical foundations in Jean Piaget. ‫‬ ‫Abstract : Piaget (Jean) est considéré comme l'un des premiers psychologues à avoir ouvert le champ de la recherche dans ce qu'on appelle la théorie du développement cognitif, ainsi ce scientifique et philosophe a transféré un sujet qui était le noyau de la recherch...
Preprint
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Neural-symbolic integration aims to combine the connectionist subsymbolic with the logical symbolic approach to artificial intelligence. In this paper, we first define the answer set semantics of (boolean) neural nets and then introduce from first principles a class of neural logic programs and show that nets and programs are equivalent. This will...
Article
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Novel view synthesis has attracted tremendous research attention recently for its applications in virtual reality and immersive telepresence. Rendering a locally immersive light field (LF) based on arbitrary large baseline RGB references is a challenging problem that lacks efficient solutions with existing novel view synthesis techniques. In this w...
Article
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As deep learning models have made remarkable strides in numerous fields, a variety of adversarial attack methods have emerged to interfere with deep learning models. Adversarial examples apply a minute perturbation to the original image, which is inconceivable to the human but produces a massive error in the deep learning model. Existing attack met...
Article
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Momentum transfer from the water surface is strongly related to the dynamical scale and morphology of jumping animals. Here, we investigate the scale-dependent momentum transfer of various jumping organisms and engineered systems at an air-water interface. A simplified analytical model for calculating the maximum momentum transfer identifies an int...