Science topic

Touch - Science topic

Sensation of making physical contact with objects, animate or inanimate. Tactile stimuli are detected by MECHANORECEPTORS in the skin and mucous membranes.
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Publications related to Touch (10,000)
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The basis for information campaigns and behavioral interventions has long reigned as a tactic. From the Soviet-era propaganda machines to the opinion hijacks in Iran, these measures are now commonplace and are used for dissemination and disassembly. However, the use of these tools for strategic diffusion, specifically in a counter-terrorism setting...
Chapter
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How might emerging and future technologies-sex robots, love drugs, anti-love drugs, or algorithms to track, quantify, and 'gamify' romantic relationships-change how we understand and value love? We canvass some of the main ethical worries posed by such technologies, while also considering whether there are reasons for "cautious optimism" about thei...
Article
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Loneliness has emerged as a public health concern. Previous research has reported its deleterious effects on physical and mental health; however, some specific psychophysiological mechanisms in healthy adults remain to be elucidated. The aim of the current study is to investigate whether self-reported social support and social touch (giving and rec...
Article
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Virtual reality (VR) applications, especially those where the user is untethered to a computer, are becoming more prevalent as new hardware is developed, computational power and artificial intelligence algorithms are available, and wireless communication networks are becoming more reliable, fast, and providing higher reliability. In fact, recent pr...
Article
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The purpose of this article aims to find out the crime of corruption and how to eradicate it. corruption eradication activities in Indonesia can overcome the problem of corruption which has become an obstacle in the development of the country and can harm the country. So far, corruption is better understood by various parties, not eradicated, even...
Article
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In Christian tradition, the name of the Biblical Thomas is connected primarily to the story of John 20: 27 in which the apostle in invited by Jesus to touch his tortured body. This invitation is the result of Thomas’ prior scepticism to the reality of the resurrection. Contrary to popular belief, the text of John does not indicate clearly if Thomas...
Article
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This commentary highlights a research article published recently in Cell Stem Cell “Reprogramming reactive glia into interneurons reduces chronic seizure activity in a mouse model of mesial temporal lobe epilepsy”. Generally, Lentini et al. reveal a strategy to fulfill in vivo glia-to-neuron reprogramming, which is a potential disease-modifying str...
Article
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Emerging tactile sensing devices mimic biological functions of human mechanoreception. By introducing the feature of optical transparency, it can lead to a combined capacities of tactile and visual intelligence into single system. Yet, it is difficult to realize ultrahigh level of optical transparency and device sensitivity in single structure, for...
Article
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In this paper, we deal with the historical origins of Fermi–Dirac statistics, focusing on the contribution by Enrico Fermi of 1926. We argue that this statistics, as opposed to that of Bose–Einstein, has been somewhat overlooked in the usual accounts of the old quantum theory. Our main objective is to offer a critical analysis of Fermi’s seminal pa...
Article
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This paper addresses the attainment of a methodology aimed at obtaining simplified models embedding the regulatory constraints imposed by the country-specific remuneration mechanisms in the energy management system of long operating life renewable assets under a high degree of uncertainty. This methodology, composed of different steps in which sens...
Article
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We investigated the impact of maternal status on hormonal reactivity and behavioral responses to an infant simulator in 117 women (54 primiparous, 63 nulliparous). The amount of affectionate touch and motherese were analyzed as behavioral measures of caregiving. Saliva was collected before and 10 min after interaction with the infant simulator to a...
Article
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In this study, corn stover was carbonized and subjected to a two-step treatment (milling & surface modification) for the preparation of biomass derived activated carbon (Bio-AC). These Bio-ACs were then successfully incorporated for the fabrication of biomass-derived moisture diffusion energy harvester (Bio-MDEH). Characteristics of Bio-ACs such as...
Conference Paper
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By means of vibrotactile and force feedback, i.e., haptics, users are given the sensation of touching and manipulating virtual objects in interactive Extended Reality (XR) environments. However, research towards the influence of this feedback on the users' perception and performance in interactive XR is currently still scarce. In this work, we pres...
Article
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The existing self-propelling methods have the limitations of chemical reaction, emission of toxics and additional auxiliary devices, high cost, low durability, and low propelling force and velocity, making them difficult for apply in practice. To overcome these limitations, we develop a green self-propelling swimmer composed of a superhydrophobic p...
Article
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In December 2019, the coronavirus pandemic started. Coronavirus desease-19 (COVID-19) is transmitted directly from contaminated surfaces via direct touch. To combat the virus, a multitude of equipment is needed. Masks are a vital element of personal protection in crowded places. As a result, determining if a person is wearing a face mask is critica...
Article
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Electric fences are an effective means of mitigating human-wildlife conflict; however, some fences are not impenetrable and allow some animal intrusion. This study revealed the most appropriate height of fence lines for target species and whether line tension affected their effectiveness. Nine study plots were used, and an equilateral triangular ar...
Article
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We consider a non-classical 2D mathematical equilibrium model describing a possible mechanical contact of a composite structure having a sharp-shaped edge. Nonlinearity of the model is caused by conditions of inequality type for a corresponding variational problem. The main feature of this basic model consists in its geometrical configuration, whic...
Article
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Developing reliable control strategies in soft robotics requires advances in soft robot perception. However, current soft robotic sensors pose many performance limitations, and available materials and manufacturing techniques complicate soft sensorized robot design. To address these long-standing needs, we introduce a method for using vision to sen...
Article
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Background Periprosthetic joint infection may result from pathogen to patient transmission within the environment. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the contamination level of selected high-touch surfaces in the operating room (OR) using a blacklight fluorescent marking system after a manual terminal clean. Methods Prior to the manual termi...
Article
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Turing inspired a computer metaphor of the mind and brain that has been handy and has spawned decades of empirical investigation, but he did much more and offered behavioral and cognitive sciences another metaphor—that of the cascade. The time has come to confront Turing’s cascading instability, which suggests a geometrical framework driven by powe...
Article
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Objectif Déterminer la prévalence des troubles anxiodépressifs chez les survivants du cancer thyroïdien différencié (CDT) Patients et méthodes Étude transversale colligeant 41 patients en rémission complète après traitement du CDT. L’échelle Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) est administrée à tous les participants. Résultats L’âge moye...
Article
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Whiskers of some animals, such as rats and cats, can actively sense stimuli from their surrounding environment. Such a capability is attractive for intelligent mobile robots. However, an artificial whisker with similar abilities has not been fully developed so that the robots acquire their surrounding environment information in an active approach s...
Article
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Nowadays, many scientific communities and researchers are disparate towards the development of new and advanced energy storage/conversion devices to fulfill the increasing energy demands. Supercapacitors have considered as attractive energy storage devices because of their tremendous features. But their low conductivity creates a barrier to their p...
Article
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Bacterial concrete has evolved as a repair method for fractures in constructions such as bridges, reinforced concrete buildings, reinforced concrete pipelines, canal linings, and pavements. Crack development is a very typical occurrence in concrete constructions, and it allows water and various chemicals to penetrate the concrete, reducing its stre...
Conference Paper
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This essay was inspired by the large number of people who die every year from high fever illnesses. The temperature detection system is typically used to measure an object's temperature based on the infrared waves that the object emits without actually touching it. It also calculates the environment's average temperature. The development of dependa...
Article
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The identity of an animated character means who he really is, or what are the characteristics that would never change? How the character sees himself and how others see him? It includes shape, color, race, beliefs, and choices in life. The more the storyteller gives identity to his animated character, the more it is sound and convincing. In that se...
Chapter
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The author reflects on his experience as a participant in the Professional Development Program (PDP) in 2005 and 2006 and how he has implemented elements of inquiry learning in his curriculum. He taught courses in Japan and Australia and touches on his perception of how the students in his units learned, and what the effects of (learning) culture a...
Article
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Authentication using keystroke dynamics (KD) has become an active research area due to its usability and security aspects. Nowadays, the scale of touch keyboard use has expanded to include most modern devices. Although KD typically focuses on a single device at a particular time, authentication systems are adjustable within their environments, as t...
Conference Paper
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Denpasar sebagai pusat kota Bali memiliki akses yang besar dalam penggunaan digitalisasi sebagai salah satu alat transaksi bisnis, pembayaran, dan perputaran uang yang kekinian. Mudah dijangkau dan menghemat wakmtu adalah hal yang dibutuhkan oleh masyarakat ditengah gempuran era industri revolusi 4.0. karena masyarakat diuntungkan dengan sistem dig...
Conference Paper
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According to Sahle (2017) digital editions are guided by a digital paradigm in their theory, method, and practice, and thus “cannot be given in print without significant loss of content and functionality”. This talk touches upon the challenges of printing TEI XML datasets, but also highlights a useful diagnostic value of the PDF export for the data...
Poster
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This research focused on the activity of bancassurance and what is the reality of the status of bancassurance in Iraqi banks. The problem of research has become on the reality of the banking insurance service in the Iraqi banking sector. The research started from a basic assumption that the bank insurance service is a modern service that faces many...
Article
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Purpose Exercise addiction may lead to more significant physical discomfort. This study aimed to (1) explore whether athletes with a high score on the exercise addiction inventory have more pain and more injuries than those symptomatic; (2) observe whether pain intensity was lower in athletes with a high score on the exercise addiction inventory th...
Preprint
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Intellectual property is meant to stimulate creativity by promising creators a right to seek reward for their creative efforts, while ensuring that the ideas thus found circulate as freely as possible. Does it fulfil this mission? Does it do it better than other means of stimulation? Is it indispensable as a means of stimulation? The article provid...
Article
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Large, complex engineering and construction programs may be found in all industry sectors. Such projects range from extractive industries such as oil, gas, and mining to infrastructure programs for transportation, water, and power. Common to all of these is the potential to influence financial, social, and environmental performance of the implement...
Article
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The two objectives of this systematic review were to examine the following: (1) the difference in sensory processing areas (auditory, visual, vestibular, touch, proprioceptive, and multi-sensory) between children with and without developmental coordination disorder (DCD), and (2) the relationship between sensory processing and motor coordination in...
Article
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Perceiving distributed tactile information during robotic dexterous grasping process is essential to improve its intelligence and automation. This paper presents a tactile sensing system for a multi-fingered robotic hand, and used to detect distributed contact forces andtactile information during robotic hand dexterous multimodal grasping applicati...
Article
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Background Stress and negative emotions may impact on appetite, inducing some individuals to eat less and others to eat more. This behavior has been implicated in the onset of bodyweight problems and eating disorders in childhood. The aim of our study is to evaluate factors potentially associated with emotional eating in children. Methods The pres...
Article
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Object-mediated joint action is believed to be enabled by implicit information exchange between interacting individuals using subtle haptic signals within their interaction forces. The characteristics of these haptic signals have, however, remained unclear. Here we analyzed the interaction forces during an empirical dyadic interaction task using Gr...
Article
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This article presents a broad overview of the life and artworks of Badmardi Aboriginal artist Nayombolmi (c. 1895-1967) from today's Kakadu National Park, the Northern Territory in Australia. The article pictures his life through oral history, photographs and some of his many artworks in the form of rock paintings, beeswax figures and bark painting...
Article
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A tickle is a complex sensation: it occurs in response to touch but not unequivocally so, and makes us laugh albeit not when we self-tickle. We quantified human ticklishness by means of physiological, visual and acoustic measures alongside subjective reports, and assessed mechanisms of self-tickle suppression. Tickle responses arose faster than pre...
Preprint
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Background. The long road from pure type systems of AUTOMATH by de Bruijn to type checkers with homotopical core was made. This article touches only the formal Martin-Löf Type Theory (MLTT) core type system with Π and Σ types (that correspond to ∀ and ∃ quantifiers for mathematical reasoning) and identity type. Expressing the MLTT embedding in a ho...
Article
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In public art, the paradigm is shifting from 'look but don't touch' toward interactive displays and creations that involve visitors. Accordingly, this study examined some of the factors that lead audiences to interact and engage with public art. Systematic observations of the "users" of 11 public art sculptures were conducted in Brisbane, Australia...
Article
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Forensic DNA phenotyping (FDP) provides the ability to predict the human external traits from unknown sample donors, directly from minute amounts of DNA found at the crime scene. We developed a MPS multiplex assay, with the aim of genotyping all 41 DNA markers included in the HIrisPlex-S system for simultaneous prediction of eye, hair and skin colo...
Preprint
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After in quiescence for 49 years, 4U~1730--22 became active and had two outbursts in 2021 \& 2022; ten thermonuclear X-ray bursts were detected with Insight-HXMT. Among them, the faintest burst showed a double-peaked profile, placing the source as the 5th accreting neutron star (NS) exhibiting double/triple-peaked type-I X-ray bursts; the other bur...
Article
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The article presents the theoretical results of the performance indicators of the defoliator. They depend on the parameters and modes of the defoliator operation. It operates on the basis of the description of the justification, which is provided in the work. The combined defoliator is aimed at removing potato tops with working bodies. They are mul...
Article
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Tunnel field-effect transistors have demonstrated a predominant performance in the field of semiconductors. However, low drive current and ambipolarity are major challenges for TFETs. To overcome these challenges, a Partially Extended Germaniumn source DG-TFET (PEGeDG-TFET) is proposed. This PEGeDG-TFET structure has a partially extended Ge source...
Article
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The Horizon Europe programme is expanding the scope of lump sum grants, with plans to expand even more in the future. Lump sum refers to the payment scheme and budget model associated with the research project. Due to the increasing likelihood of coming across a lump sum grant in the programme, it is important to get to know this raising model both...
Article
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William Butler Yeats is regarded as one of the most important representative symbolist of the twentieth century English literature. Yeats is the greatest poetical figure of his age: a transitional age, as it may come to be regarded, between William Morris and Ezra Pound, Swinburne and T. S. Eliot, being himself responsible for much of the ease of t...
Article
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The theory of the behavioral immune system (BIS) describes a set of behaviors that protect the individual from infectious diseases and that are motivated by disgust and the perceived vulnerability to disease. As interpersonal touch is one of the most common situations of potential transmission of infectious diseases in our everyday life, it seems l...
Article
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Diplomats in embassies and permanent representations are increasingly using the messaging application WhatsApp to communicate with their peers. They use WhatsApp groups to coordinate initiatives at multilateral forums, communicate more rapidly with headquarters and stay in touch with organizational developments at home, as well as form more persona...
Article
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The improvement of microelectronics innovation, programmed control innovation, and correspondence innovation has brought human culture into a universe of electronic data, and different electronic control frameworks are applied to each edge of life. Among them, the intelligent and energy-saving living environment has become more and more popular, an...
Article
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Mate choice is a potent generator of diversity and a fundamental pillar for sexual selection and evolution. Mate choice is a multistage affair, where complex sensory information and elaborate actions are used to identify, scrutinize, and evaluate potential mating partners. While widely accepted that communication during mate assessment relies on mu...
Article
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Electronic skin with human-like sensory capabilities has been widely applied to artificial intelligence, biomedical engineering, and the prosthetic hand for expanding the sensing ability of robots. Robotic electronic skin (RES) based on conductive hydrogel is developed to collect strain and pressure data for improving the grasping capability of the...
Poster
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Introduction Wind turbines are the dominant player of renewables energies in Germany and contributed more than 20% to the domestic net electricity production in 2021. At installation, the turbine receives an operation approval for 20 years. Condition monitoring can support the quality inspection and help to extend the approval, based on the determi...
Article
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Mirror-guided self-inspection is seen as a cognitive hallmark purportedly indicating the existence of self-recognition. Only a few species of great apes have been reported to pass a standard mark test for mirror self-recognition in which animals attempt to touch a mark. In addition, evidence for passing the mark test was also reported for Asian ele...
Article
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The Affective Neuroscience Personality Scales (ANPS) were designed to provide researchers in the mental sciences with an inventory to assess primary emotional systems according to Pankseppian Affective Neuroscience Theory (ANT). The original ANPS, providing researchers with such a tool, was published in 2003. In the present brief communication, abo...
Article
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Primary sensory cortex has long been believed to play a straightforward role in the initial processing of sensory information. Yet, the superficial layers of cortex overall are sparsely active, even during sensory stimulation; additionally, cortical activity is influenced by other modalities, task context, reward, and behavioral state. Our study de...
Article
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Sensory input arrives from thalamus in cortical layer (L) 4, which outputs predominantly to superficial layers. L4 to L2 thus constitutes one of the earliest cortical feedforward networks. Despite extensive study, the transformation performed by this network remains poorly understood. We use two-photon calcium imaging to record neural activity in L...
Article
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A 58‑year‑old female patient with recurrence of carcinoma in the angle of the mouth on the left side was posted for composite resection and Pectoralis major myocutaneous flap reconstruction. The patient had carcinoma left buccal mucosa 1 year back and had undergone left partial mandiblectomy and radiotherapy. On airway examination (MPG) could no...
Preprint
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Fig. 1: Placing Sequence: an object is handed to the robot in an unknown pose (I). Then it is aligned with the placing surface solely based on tactile feedback (II). Finally it is placed on the table (III) and the robot retreats with its arm (IV). Abstract-Tactile sensors are promising tools for endowing robots with embodied intelligence and increa...
Article
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In the last decade, the demand for readily accessible corpora has touched all areas of natural language processing, including coreference resolution. However, it is one of the least considered sub-fields in recent developments. Moreover, almost all existing resources are only available for the English language. To overcome this lack, this work prop...
Article
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Nowadays, communication with in-car equipment is performed via a large number of buttons or a touch screen. This increases the need for driver’s visual attention and leads to reduce the concentration of drivers while driving. Speech-based interaction has been introduced in recent years as a way to reduce driver distractions. This input mode faces s...
Article
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The introductory part of the study reviews the historiography of research into jagiellonian letters patent of nobility and the art historical problems of the illuminations. a similar survey was compiled sixty years earlier by dénes radocsay. since then several deeds of granting armorial bearings have cropped up, and lots of new data have been found...
Article
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Many communication and signaling systems still rely on cables routed trackside and are thus exposed to induction. The evaluation of induced voltage as touch voltage and as coupled interference is particularly relevant for safety assessment, in terms of electrical and functional safety, and in general for system availability. Induction may be estima...
Article
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A central claim of many embodied approaches to cognition is that understanding others’ actions is achieved by covertly simulating the observed actions and their consequences in one’s own motor system. If such a simulation occurs, it may be accomplished through forward models, a component of the motor system already known to perform simulations of a...