Science topic

Territoriality - Science topic

Behavior in defense of an area against another individual or individuals primarily of the same species.
Questions related to Territoriality
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
10 answers
Hi all!
I am researching the peculiarities of the planning organization of the territory of the "innovation city".
Interested in your opinion about the following question. Are "innovative city" and "smart city" the same thing from a planning point of view?
Relevant answer
Answer
I would argue that an "innovative city" is a broader category than a "smart city" so that a smart city is one type of innovative city. My assumptions for the design of a smart city are that high density and a compact area are particularly helpful in creating a smart city. In that regard, it is probably easier to designate and design a relatively limited compact high-density space with potential for incremental growth and addition to the smart technology, whether through new development or through redevelopment. Florida's "creative class" is ostensibly attracted to technology (as in smart cities), but also to clusters of talent, as well as a climate of tolerance. All three elements are not necessary (Terry Clark, for example, has demonstrated that there can be creative innovation without the sort of tolerance Florida envisions, making it a normative requirement rather than a descriptive requirement) so there may be other paths to making an innovative city through culture, business concentration, human capital development, design, and other methods. Obviously, a confluence of these factors is highly desirable (Silicon Valley is in a tolerant area with an entrepreneurial culture and already had a high concentration of high-tech businesses and talent that then spilled over into remaking surrounding areas in innovative ways) and this can be designed, to some extent. New Songdo was an early smart city made from scratch on land reclaimed from the sea and then infrastructure was created and businesses were attracted to emphasize innovative industries within a context of innovative design. That it is on reclaimed land makes it relatively easy to expand in controllable and planned ways.
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
4 answers
A question about the reason behind the predominance of spider nevi along the SVC's territory, exclusively!
Relevant answer
Answer
Spider angiomas (nevus araneus) are not vascular proliferations; they occur as a result of the dilation of preexisting vessels.
Mayby, due to positive pressure in SVC, and more distriution of estrogenes and other vasodilatation substance, in comparisson with negative presure in IVC.
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
9 answers
I am working on research related to planning for territorial resilience. I am looking forward to your contribution through discussion on recent planning and research initiatives, citizens' and communities' active engagement and or leadership in such initiatives. How do you see the nexuses and to what extent current planning are addressing these nexuses?
Relevant answer
Answer
There is increasing talk of adaptation and resilience to the effects of climate change. Even if we admit that they are of anthropogenic origin, the impacts of these changes occur over such large time scales that they are incompatible with the time scales of action and policies for the management of water resources. . The question that can legitimately be asked is a question of the order of magnitude of the anthropogenic effects on the degradation of water resources: (i) direct and immediate effects on the artificialization of the water cycle associated with the modes of exploitation and development of resources (overexploitation of surface water and groundwater, hydro-agricultural development, industrial, urban and agricultural pollution, etc.); (ii) anthropogenic effects on climate change and their indirect and very long-term implications on the potential of resources. Moral: has everything been done on (i) in terms of research and modeling in order to ensure the sustainability of resource exploitation in the short, medium, and long term; to decree that it is urgent to tackle question (ii) head-on with all its uncertainties, particularly with regard to time scales and its non-uniform topology across the globe?
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
5 answers
I am currently working on a prospective study of the territory.
I would like to know which software is interesting to realize a urban scenario on GIS?
Relevant answer
Answer
Hello
You can use thé idrisi software.
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
9 answers
I have been assigned to run GC/MS for a lab. I know ways to identify chemicals, but quantifying them is unknown territory for me. Do I use standards? How do I select them? How do I create calibration curves and get percent recoveries?
Relevant answer
Answer
Let me know and keep me in the loop.
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
10 answers
I am focusing a research about the role of luxury as whole, -not only of luxury brands or operators- in recent urban trasformations. Did someone face off the same problem? What about processes of city branding and urban marketing? and the effect on the city/territory? 
Relevant answer
Los lujos decrecen y los precios aumentan. Es la tendencia internacional por la situación económica internacional que fue notablemente afectada por la Covid 19
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
4 answers
I am running for the election for the central area of Milano. I based my program on the immaterial needs among which there is hapiness. My vision is to transform the area in a Hapiness Lab. I am looking for examples of project whose goals is the rise of hapiness in a territory.
Relevant answer
Answer
Buthan has a "happiness index", it might be interesting to look at it
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
3 answers
Dear Sir/Madam/Researcher/Academician
I am studying smart growth principles and indicators and how this movement can help our cities.
If you work in territorial development, I invite you to fill this survey. Your views and opinion are precious, and your co-operation would be appreciated.
Participation in this study is entirely voluntary. All the information you provide will be kept strictly confidential and will be used only for academic research purposes.
Thank you very much.
Relevant answer
Answer
maybe the person with this email address can help you in your research nasruddin.luthfie@ulm.ac.id. he has speciality in territorial development....good luck!
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
20 answers
Iraq is great country since old civilization and culture,and if we go to the old civilization . q is the name of the state that currently partially encompasses the territory of the civilization of ancient Mesopotamia. This civilization came into being between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. These rivers flow into the Persian Gulf, through the State of Iraq. The Hashemite Kingdom of Iraq, also known as Mandatory Iraq in its early phase, was established by the Anglo-Iraqi treaty of 1922 resulting from the 1920 Iraqi revolt against British rule. It is centered in Lower Mesopotamia (corresponding to historical Babylonia, later also known as ʿIrāq-i ʿArab) but also includes part of Upper Mesopotamia and of the Syrian Desert and the Arabian Desert. The history of this area has witnessed some of the world's earliest writing, literature, sciences, mathematics, laws and philosophies; hence its common epithet, the Cradle of Civilization. so why Iraq is the old country of civilization?
Relevant answer
Answer
Mesopotamia ( Iraq today) is the birthplaces of civilization. It is the birth of the earliest cities and empires, writing and literature, monumental art , science and mathematics, , and other great innovations.The Sumerians are credited with creating the first identifiable written language ( around 4000BC) . King Hammurabi (Babylon ), introduced the most sophisticated legal code of the ancient world . I will not say that Mesopotamia is the birthplaces of civilization but it is the civilization .
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
1 answer
There are multiple problems in determining what happened when Aretas's ethnarch reportedly attempted to capture the Apostle Paul. These include that an army that far into Roman territory would not have been tolerated and even though Syrian legions were occupied with Parthia, Egyptian legions would have been available. Further, evidence from Moses of Chorene and numismatics imply that Antipas attacked Aretas rather than the other way around as reported by Josephus which is required to even suggest Nabataean troops that far into Roman territory. And given that while dealing with Parthia, Vitellius found the time to deal with other regional problems, it makes it highly unlikely that Aretas did anything to anger Rome. So might the ehtnarch have been appointed by Vitellius, and thus implying that the Apostle Paul was on a Roman watch list as early as 37 or 38 CE.
Relevant answer
Answer
سؤال مهم
وارجو توضيحه بشمل اكبر
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
9 answers
I am looking for approaches and tools applied in European contexts for the evaluation of policies with a specific focus on territorial cohesion and local-regional development.
Do you have best practices suggestions?
Thank you
Gabriella
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Gabriella,
Look, please, to our last article on NPG assessment:
There are also articles on welfare creation assessment in Central and Eastern European countries in general and Lithuania in particular.
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
3 answers
A case to consider is the Somalia versus Kenya tiff at Ras Kamboni that is currently at the ICJ. Kenya is claiming determination by latitude whereas Somalia is claiming determination by extrapolating of the borderline.
Relevant answer
Answer
The maritime limits of of an nation are usually governed by one of the only truly international legislations, known as UNCLOS (United Nations Convention of the Law of the Sea). It defines 3 different limits, namely:
Territorial Waters: Up to 12 nautical miles from a country's agreed coastal "baseline" extending seawards. Most countries can exercise their outright (national) jurisdiction in all matters only until this limit. Anything outside this limit falls actually within International Waters.
Contiguous Zone: extending 12 nautical miles seawards from the Territorial Waters, i.e. 24 nautical miles from the baseline, within which a country can exert "limited" jurisdiction with respect to its customs, immigration or pollution laws.
Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ): extends upto 200 nautical miles from the baseline. Mainly concerned with the exploratory limits for living and non-living natural resources (oil/gas/fishing) to which a country has sovereign rights.
The definition of "Baseline" can differ depending on the area in question, but in most cases it is quite close to the actual coastline (referenced to the visible coast at low tide).
However, like any other legislation of international significance, UNCLOS is fraught with certain inconsistencies and disagreements, in certain areas.
You may refer to below link to give you an idea of what the situation is:
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
7 answers
What is intended with this question is not only to answer it with a simple argument, but everything to the contrary. Contribute everything we know about immigration, positive and negative aspects that influence our society.
Spain is a country where immigration in recent decades has increased considerably. This is due to the territorial position of the country. It is not only due to this space, but also to the standard of living that we have in Spain compared to other countries.
I have to say that many Spanish citizens have found themselves in the situation of having to emigrate to other countries in search of economic and labor survival, so we can say that immigration to other countries is potentiated in the labor aspect.
Relevant answer
Answer
Views on immigration vary here in the U.S. While the negative coverage during the Trump administration paints an anti-immigrant picture that can be misleading. Immigration views vary widely and the U.S. is almost too large to pinpoint a single unifying trend. There are factors that impact that view here. As an example, urban areas tend to be more pro-immigration while rural areas are anti-immigration. Political affiliation also has an impact. On the right in the Republican Party the view is anti-immigrant but in the middle of the political spectrum there are Republicans and moderate Democrats who support immigration on based on different scenarios. As you move to the left in the Democratic Party the trend becomes much more pro immigration. Socioeconomic status and race also heavily influence the debate. The debate generally comes down to 1) They are taking our jobs and resources--which is generally not true and 2)They are not like us--which in some ways is true. Right now, due to COVID19 and National Security issues there is a strong bias against China. In the past it has been Catholics, Muslims, Eastern-Europeans, and Hispanics. Even though some of these have diminished for certain groups, you can still find echoes of this past in how communities react to non-native populations.
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
5 answers
I'm working in the broad field of political ecology and I'm currently co-authoring an article about the social-ecological consequences of the digital economy (material anchor, territorialities, conflicts). I'm therefore looking for literature about the digital economy I might have missed so far. I'm pleased about all suggestions. Many thanks in advance!
Relevant answer
Answer
Felix Malte Dorn NFCC & HMPP
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
1 answer
Hi all
This is new territory for me. I'm a mammalian cell culture person but recent research has driven me into using new organisms. I have started working with Anabaena (D flos aquae) and after observation under a microscope and what I have seen I know they grow in filaments but authors that have worked on this organism mention the cells are plated often 10^4 cells/m without specifics of how the cell counts are carried out or estimated. The problem is how do you count these cells in the filament which is very tiny under the microscope to estimate the number of cells in 1 ml. The question may sound stupid but it's just new territory for me as I have said. Thanks in advance for your contributions.
Relevant answer
Answer
Hi. Green algae can be counted using 4 major ways, please read this:
Quantitative Determinations (wisc.edu)
I usually counted them under a epifluorescence microscope, using small drops of liquids. dead cells would appear brown while live cells would appear glowing red.
You can also use a hemocytometer to plate a small volume and count :)
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
5 answers
I will investigate the relationship of the most representative species in the high, medium and low river basin, part niches and thus shape their territorial ability to identify specific areas of conservation.
Relevant answer
Answer
You can have a genenral view of your population.
After you can apply many models and statistics in order to both understanding and predicting the population.
Good luck,
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
6 answers
When we consider referencing of academic writings, journal articles and books are widely cited. However, conference proceedings get less attention, yet attending a conference is a costly, time consuming and a rigorous process. However, conferences are much popular in academic circles despite less attention received to conference proceedings and the hardships involved.
Therefore, the positives of attending conferences possibly going beyond publishing articles.
So, what about you? What do you think of the pros and cons of attending conferences and publishing your scientific articles in conference proceedings? Do you see any positives or negatives?
Relevant answer
Answer
Some pros regarding publishing in conference proceedings are:
- researchers having a faster feedback;
- researchers having an occasion for interactions with international colleagues that working in the same (usually narrow) field.
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
4 answers
These methods are necessary for my scientific work. If you have any suggestions on this topic, please advise me.
Relevant answer
Answer
Thank you
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
4 answers
Social Innovation courses are often declined in a way that is often attached to social entrepreneurship or design methods (i.e. theory of change). Can you suggest any material on how to draw a course for MSc students combining social innovation theories/methodologies with territorial development policy and/or urban studies?
Relevant answer
Answer
I am currently teaching social innovation to Master's student currently. If you are interested I could share with you the syllabus.
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
8 answers
I looked for the daily number of samples being tested in "Our World in Data" "R" or "WHO"'s publicly available databases. I got a maximum of 80 countries data from "Our World in Data". However, WHO reported COVID-19 from more than 200 countries or territories and I need all the country's COVID-19 tests data. Are there any publicly available sources? Suggestions for the sources of the individual countries are very welcome.
Relevant answer
Answer
Following...
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
15 answers
If we are interested in carrying out the geological mapping of a certain territory, then, how could we use aero-geophysics and to solve which tasks? Of course, we could also consider satellite information available. Opinions?
Relevant answer
Answer
Henrique Joncew,
It is true that geophysics is a tool, but it has specific and general tasks that cannot be solved by conventional geological methods.
Geophysics allows, in conjunction with geology, to solve numerous aspects in geological mapping. For example, conventional geological methods can only explain what is seen directly by the surface geologist. In its aid, geophysics makes it possible to propose geological features that cannot be seen with the naked eye: geological strata and bodies at certain depths; presence of the water table; presence of contacts or faults that do not emerge, etc.
The advantage of aerogeophysics is given by its speed and the possibility of covering large areas where, at times, it is unlikely to develop land campaigns. The rapid development of remote sensors has come to the aid of Geosciences and their combination with aerogeophysics, undoubtedly, allows solving tasks that just a few years ago would be unlikely.
In Cuba there is a 1: 50,000 aerogeophysical survey of the entire territory and certain areas at a scale of 1: 25,000. So, the idea of ​​the question is to exchange experiences with colleagues in other latitudes and thus improve our results.
Thank you very much for your help,
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
11 answers
The selection of indicators in quantitative territorial studies on social vulnerability and disaster risk reduction is a crucial issue. What or how do we reflect the research methodology in order to ensure that the selection of indicators of social vulnerability and DRR can contextualize the study area?
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
10 answers
I need shapefile for all 700+ districts of India. From where I can find the India shapefile with all districts. Also, suggest how to get the latest India shapefile with all state and union territories (28 states + 9 UT's).
Thanks
Relevant answer
Answer
You can download shape file using this link.
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
8 answers
I would like to study the new transformation of EU territory and I think the question of smart cities and their new juridical and social approach as regards the new fragmentation of national territories and the lack of the uniform decisions just like the multilevel guarantees contribute to change the importance of the territory ad juridical category.
I think it is a phenomenon that come to the globalism and new form of penetrating of the economy on juridical domain.
Any suggestion?
Relevant answer
Answer
Creo que es un tema pendiente, la integración de territorios, sobre todo la integración ciudad-campo. Las políticas deben ser reenfocadas a las localidades y no ser tan generalistas, puesto que las situaciones son muy distintas entre los países.
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
8 answers
I'm drafting my PhD research proposal and my main objective is to determine if the different territorial planning instruments in Mexico (NPA, Urban Plan, Ecological & Marine Ordering) have been able to mantain Ecosystem Services, specifically on coasts with high touristic development (Riviera Maya, Quintana Roo and Los Cabos, Baja California Sur).
Relevant answer
Answer
It is difficult to measure the effectiveness of a territorial policy plan/instrument. Generally, these instruments are designed to assess efficiency and effectiveness. Effectiveness can be understood as the long-term effectiveness or sustainability of the outcome... There are also several ways to understand what is an effective plan/policy
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
3 answers
We are a network of scholars and policy experts working on EU Cohesion Policy across Europe, gathered thanks to the support of the Regional Studies Association (RSA). For many years, we have engaged in debates about EU Cohesion Policy. In this difficult time, we want to contribute by proposing some evidence-based recommendations on how Europe is responding to the Coronavirus / Covid-19 crisis.
  1. Cohesion Policy has proven to be an effective policy tool to address many of the most recent crises, such as the refugee crisis (2014-15), the earthquakes in central Italy (2009 and 2016) and now the coronavirus/covid-19 crisis (2020).This shows that Cohesion Policy can rapidly respond to emergency situations. However, the question is whether Cohesion Policy should be the main instrument to face these crises, when it is intended to address long-term objectives.
  2. Despite its flexibility, the primary goal of EU Cohesion Policy is to promote social, economic and territorial cohesion, i.e. investments in less developed European regions, support for regional and urban competitiveness, social integration and environmental sustainability, and cross-border cooperation. While we welcome the responsiveness of European decision-makers to this crisis through the reallocation and distribution of financial resources, Cohesion Policy should be kept as a separate policy tool with adequate resources to achieve its intended objectives. The EU needs flexible, effective instruments, initiatives and mechanisms to more efficiently and rapidly face future crises in addition to Cohesion Policy.
  3. Cohesion Policy addresses spatial inequalities, especially in peripheral regions, territories affected by the urban-rural divide, cross-border regions and cities. Spatial inequalities in healthcare sectors have been only marginally addressed. However, if the policy scope is extended to more explicitly address health policy objectives, then Cohesion Policy would need a substantial increase in resource and funding to avoid a substitution effect, whereby support for other fundamental investments aimed at preserving and improving quality of life across Europe is reduced.
  4. Thanks to Cohesion Policy’s technical assistance, investment in human capital and support to the digital agenda, European regional and local public administrations have improved their capacity to react to crises. Cohesion Policy has contributed to building administrative capacities in a context of multilevel governance, despite significant public sector disinvestment in the last decades.
  5. Cohesion policy also supports businesses. The current health crisis is having and will have a devastating economic impact. Cohesion Policy should be used to support investments in firms located in the most affected areas to promote a geographically balanced economic recovery. Without undermining its geographical scope, Cohesion Policy can be an effective instrument to support economic recovery, in addition to other EU financial support tools such as European Stability Mechanism or, eventually, the much debated “coronabonds”.
  6. Cohesion Policy has been an effective instrument to address social issues such as poverty, social deprivation and marginalisation. The current crisis is hitting harder the most vulnerable. For these reasons, the social dimensions of Cohesion Policy should be further reinforced to support recovery and promote new place-based solutions.
We hope our contribution can help to move forward the debate, especially in the recovery from this crisis that will be needed for the whole European Union.
Dr. Nicola Francesco Dotti is a Senior Researcher in Regional Economics and Policy Studies at Vrije Universiteit Brussel and is coordinator of the RSA Research Network on EU Cohesion Policy (CPnet).
Partners of CPnet
Sebastien BOURDIN (EM Normandy Business School)
Alberto BRAMANTI (Bocconi University of Milan)
Mattia CASULA (Ca’ Foscari University, Venice)
Eduarda Marques DA COSTA (University of Lisbon)
Sonia DE GREGORIO HURTADO (Universidad Politécnica de Madrid)
Claudia GLOAZZO (Independent researcher)
Bryonny GOODWIN-HAWKINS (Aberystwyth University)
Dagmara KOCIUBA (Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, Lublin)
Nicola MATTEUCCI (Marche Polytechnic University)
Leaza McSORLEY (University of Sunderland), coordinator of the CPnet
Ida MUSIAŁKOWSKA (Poznań University of Economics and Business)
Christian OBERST (German Economic Institute, IW, Cologne)
Serafin PAZOS-VIDAL (Convention of Scottish Local Authorities, Brussels)
Laura POLVERARI (University of Padua)
Oto POTLUKA (University of Basel)
Paula TULPPO (University of Lapland)
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Ricardo, https://t.co/Cp9t4In12e?amp=1 please do check this European Parliamentary Research Service work.
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
10 answers
Usually, the question is how to involve Civil Society in projects being designed and executed by local Authorities or Government Agencies. However, what to do when the initiatives come from the civil society - from the bottom? What to do, knowing that civil society comprises local populations living in the limit of a territory which is run by national rules and is impacted by the interest of private groups?
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Alexandra,
At present, civil society is the vector of local development. Aware of this importance, countries like Brazil involve civil society in local territorial development. In Brazil, in a participatory democracy, civil society represented by neighbourhood committees and other structures participate in local development. This policy of the neighborhood as social relations and citizenship allows citizens to think about their position in a society. It allows the realization of the democratic project. In this project, initiatives from civil society can be submitted to local authorities or government agencies.
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
4 answers
Currently, we are in the process of editing a forthcoming publication entitled Cultural Heritage and Its Impact on Territory Innovation and Development to be published by IGI Global, an international publisher of progressive academic research.
We would like to take this opportunity to cordially invite you to submit your work for consideration in this publication (a chapter proposal of 1,000 to 2,000 words clearly explaining the mission and concerns, due by February 15, 2020).
Please visit https://www.igi-global.com/publish/call-for-papers/call-details/4583 for more details regarding this publication and to submit your work.
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Fabián Andrés Llano,
we are already in the stage of receiving and evaluating the texts (full text chapter). If you have a text already written that you want to submit, please follow the link: https://www.igi-global.com/publish/call-for-papers/call-details/4583
Although the deadline has ended, we will consider your text.
Thanks for your interest
Best regards
Lídia
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
3 answers
Many industrialized countries have sought to develop a framework of opportunities and various resources, organized to cause catalysts of economic forces. In countries where this establishment has not done, what is happening?
Relevant answer
Answer
Administrative decentralization can be easily carried out politically, but giving autonomous functioning is not allowed. This is the case in many undeveloped countries like Nigeria. In the case of Nigeria, tribalism/ethnicity, politics, religion, socio-cultural fear, prejudice, stereotype, discrimination and even hatred are often the determinants of administrative decentralization. Basically, administrative decentralization in Nigeria is very fragile, as it can be altered easily to achieve political and ethic favour. The foregoing makes territorial development very challenging.
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
6 answers
The territory of the Northern Caucasus is characterized by a great variety of natural conditions and, as a result, natural landscapes. A distinctive feature of this territory is the peculiar structure of altitudinal zonality, caused by the existence of local systems of the intermontane hollows and ridges bordering its mountain structure. The insignificant height of ridges in combination with a peculiar climate lead to the formation of a spatial structure of landscapes which differs both from the adjacent plains and from higher parts of the mountain structure. Such transitional areas are called ecotones and are highlighted as a separate category of natural territorial complex. Most authors of the landscape maps of the Northern Caucasus territory, distinguish only two higher classifying landscapes units (classes) here — plains and mountains, which correspond to relief megaforms. However, there is a transitional zone from the plain to the mountains within the Northern Caucasus, which was called "foothill landscapes". A complex of the quantitative and qualitative parameters in combination with significant spatial mosaic of locations and temporal variability of climatic conditions form peculiar features of the low-mountain foothill landscapes of the Northern Caucasus, which should be assigned into a peculiar classification unit.
Relevant answer
Answer
In opinion the ecotone is a natural belt which bridging and controls the overall environmental condition between foothills and plains, hence the foothills and the plains are become safer. example, Estern foothills of Sahyadri ranges of India,
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
12 answers
I am doing a territorial negociation simulation for installation of gravel extraction on a rather "good" agricultural land. The investor insists to have this land and claims that they can move the soil entirely to a different field where the quality of the agricultural land is rather poor. I haven't found anything on this. Is it actually feasible?
Relevant answer
Answer
Actually replacing soil is possible in some cases like if the area is not that large..but in case large are it's not possible to replace entire Soil.Its not economical as well as not practically advisable.
But if you want to do some construction work and the soil condition is very bad ,you can follow some methods like ground improvement techniques .Soil can be improved in different methods of ground improvement techniques and bearing capacity can be improved.
Some cases like in case tall building construction pile foundation and pile raft can be used to give proper support to the foundation system of the building.It’s depending on the what you want to do and what is the site condition!!
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
9 answers
Cultural Heritage, Territory Innovation and Development are crucial research topics nowadays. And this is evidence worldwide.
Please follow the link if you would like to contribute to this research areas or contact me https://www.igi-global.com/publish/call-for-papers/call-details/4583
Wishing you all a great year!
Relevant answer
Answer
Yes, I interesting in particular Territory Innovation and Development
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
4 answers
I am working on ecological factors that determine the size of territory in electric fishes, and I would like to know if there is any background on the relationship between concentration of oxygen and territory in freshwater fishes
Relevant answer
Hi Daniel,
This attached article by Julian et al. shows the oxygen consumption rate of some electric fish species. I hope it helps.
Best regards,
Nonato Mendes Jr.
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
12 answers
Dear I have a large network in the field ho permit me took a samples from all Algeria territory but especialy from West. Unfortunately I haven't financial support. Ho are interesting to start collaboration with us.
Best regards
Gaouar Semir Bechir Suheil
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Henry
Thanks a lot for your responce. I have a Phd student ho have a problem in genetic caracterization (not financial suport in Algeria). I need any help can resolve this situation by collaboration on any agroforestry tree grown in Algeria.
Best regards
Suheil
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
5 answers
Among the 20 most unequal countries in the world, 8 including Haiti, come from Latin America (IDB, 2019). How to reduce inequalities? Can the study of territories help to better identify and reduce disparities? Personally, I think that yes, through the living areas that make them up, territories are an important part in understanding the phenomenon of inequality and building adequate solutions.
Relevant answer
Answer
Social inequality occurs when resources in a given society are distributed unevenly, typically. In todays world (Wermuth, L. A. (2003). Global inequality and human needs: Health and illness in an increasingly unequal world. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon. )
Social inequality could linked to economic inequality, education inequality, racial inequality, wealth inequality or health care inequality.The fact is we are living in increasingly Unequal World. Some form of inequality can be related to corruption While others
Indeed, The study of territories can help investigate the mechanisms by which social inequalities are produced and reproduced at the local level and reduce disparities .
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
11 answers
Territorial dynamics develop according to the production and exchange opportunities between economic actors, institutions, associations, in a territory and even outside this territory. Money occupies a dominant place in the configuration of trade. What can happen when it is lacking in territory?
Relevant answer
Answer
Thank you Prof. Emmanuel, these articles can be very useful to me.
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
17 answers
Consider that the communities disagree, and the government requires economic resources for works and projects (health, housing, roads...).
Relevant answer
Answer
Why nobody answer considering the will of the local population? If it's their land, they should decide; obviously considering side effects and consulting external stakeholders. I say that the process should be reversed: bottom_top and not top_bottom
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
5 answers
I am trying to calculate the LST of three land types existing in permafrost regions of NWT, I am using Landsat-8.
Is the thermal imagery of Landsat-8 a good source for deriving LST of a local scale?
And,
I was wondering,
which time of year is the best time for this process?
Relevant answer
Answer
It would be a good idea to compare the interpretations based on different seasons of the year. Winter would give you an idea of where areas with limited snow cover occur, and so the ground is likely to be very cold. Areas with large amounts of snow would be possible areas of discontinuous permafrost or where if might be absent. In summer, the topography would give you a good idea of where palsas/lithalsas might be present and the vegetation tell you where peat plateaus may occur. Look up the appearance of these on aerial photography. Do not forget to carry out a thorough literature search and incorporate the results of prior field studies by others to guide your interpretations. Otherwise you my end up clashing with the results of good field and laboratory studies. Check with the appropriate Territorial government bodies who carry out these studies as well as the GSC. Also check your interpretations against the available climate data, especially mean annual freezing and thawing indices based on seasons.
Stuart.
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
5 answers
In the scientific study of infections, the species-reservoirs concept dominates. Traditionally, the concept of the permanent presence of infection in nature is associated with E.N. Pavlovsky. In canonical form, the concept of landscape epidemiology was outlined in the late 1930s but developed into a systematic method in the 1960’s that is the accepted form today. The concept has not received a consistent theoretical development and perhaps this is not accidental because the fundamental idea associated with the presence of species-reservoirs in nature and the permanent presence of infection inevitably leads to the fact that the fundamental thesis is categorically unconfirmed. In fact, there is substantial information refuting the basic premise that underlines this approach as a convenient hypothesis to create the binding manifestations of the pathogenic properties of microorganisms to the territories or what is known as landscape epidemiology. Why is the scientific community so tenaciously holding on to the species-reservoirs concept?
Relevant answer
Answer
There is a pure infection. This is a state of the environment of the microorganism. There is an infectious disease. That is, the point is the state of the microorganism in its environment. We need a typology of their conditions. I am not sure that I can say this openly, but it is possible to cause activation of pathogenic properties based on the geochemical effect on its environment. I am talking about microorganisms for which the soil is a natural environment. There is another option. Due to food additives on the basis of a number of formulas, warm-blooded can be saved. an example is an experiment with noon gerbils and their plague infection. That is, UNDERSTANDING OF INFECTIONS BY EXPERTS IS GIVEN ONLY IN THE MEANING OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES. 99.9% OF INFORMATION ON THE CONDITIONS WHICH CALL THEIR IS LOST. In infectious ecology, it is possible to describe the infection as a state of the natural environment of the microorganism.
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
5 answers
I am looking for informations and experiences regarding the dawn calling activity of Eagle Owls in the context of a special conservation problem in Austria.
In relevant papers it is regularly mentioned that the calling activity of male Eagle Owls (song) in the dawn phase is comparable to the dusk phase. However, although there is an impressive amount of information about the dusk phase especially from Spain and France, I could not find precise information regarding the dawn phase (still, most surveys are based on dusk calling). In particular, I would need information about, e. g., start and end of calling before and after sunrise, call duration, detectability of existing territories which would help me to make a decision if to include controls in the dawn phase in addition to the dusk phase.
Many thanks in advance!
Relevant answer
Answer
Por lo general los picos máximos de actividad de los buos y lechuzas es durante la noche. En algunos casos comienzan al atardecer y duran toda la noche, eso depende de cada especie. Seria importante que investigues cual es el momento en que ellos están activos y ahí decidir cuando te conviene realizar el estudio.
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
3 answers
I am working with some human WT and receptor KO IPSCs (mono & bi-allelic clones). The knock-outs have been engineered in a core facility by means of single bp deletions. Having expanded & differentiated these IPSCs, I now need to confirm that the KO has actually been effective c/w WT and because only a single bp deletion causing a frame shift, qPCR won't be helpful in demonstrating this.
(Sanger sequencing maybe the only option?)
I am therefore using FACS and WB to demonstrate absence or non-functional translated protein at protein level. I have a number of options of antibodies to try however I would like to use an online genetics tool/program to find out which specific epitopes each antibody binds to if this is possible? I have the information on which Exon, CRISPR sequences, base number, start codon etc but in very unfamiliar territory if anyone can help point me in the right direction and I'm a bit overwhelmed by the options/tools available!
Many thanks in advance
Relevant answer
Answer
Thanks so much for your help.
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
1 answer
Relevant answer
Answer
No it is not
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
4 answers
Dear colleagues,
Having searched for recent articles on renewable energy research in African countries, I think I have found a research gap: There are very few articles if none discussing the funding of this research field at African institutions. We only found either a number of economic papers discussing the funding of renewable energy infrastructure in African countries or a few studies on the networks of renewable energy research that limit themselves to the OECD territories or sometimes refer to the BRICS-community.
Are you aware of research on this topic? Could you share any national reports from African governments, regional comparisons and other literature on this topic?
Thanks for any hints!
With best regards,
Stefan
Relevant answer
Answer
Hi Stefan,
You might consider a discussion with James Haselip from Denmark Technical University (UNEP-DTU), who has led work. The South African National Energy Development Institute (SANEDI) could have some starting points for you, too. The Africa-EU consortium PRE-LEAP-EU http://www.leap-re.eu/home/ could be another entry point.
Regards,
G. Ralphs (South Africa)
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
3 answers
I carry out a research that allows me to understan which social and health services are offered to the population (children, youn people, adults, the disabled, the elderly) and whether the needs of these targets are met-
thank you
Relevant answer
Answer
See "needs assesment" in classic evaluation books such as:
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
5 answers
I am working with ArcGIS. I have several vectorial data of a territory such as Geology, Land Use, Landslide and flood susceptibility map (polygon data), InSAR data, Earthquakes (Point data), river and road network (line data) and raster data such as DTM, Slope, Aspect.
In order to detect and then predict critical road sections on my studied road network I have to assign all these feature to the road network itself. The aim is to build a database that I can use to develop some predictive models (such as Support Vector Machines or other Machine Learning Algorithm).
Dividing the road network in several fixed-length sections, and then assign the features, does not work, because I can not take into account the spatial heterogeneity of the feature inside the homogeneous sections (that are not "so homogeneous").
I am thinking on sectioning the road network each time a certain feature changes its value (dynamic segmentation), or to build a cell-based database (so convert all the data into raster, and then overlay these resulting raster file).
Is these a good ideas? Have you got other ideas or suggestion?
Thanks,
Nicholas.
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Srini,
Thank you for your kind answer.
The "Intersect" operation was one of the first I tried. And it was good enough. However, I think that the "Identity" operation works better since the output maintains not only the intersecting features but also the input features that don't have any attribute in common with the overlay layer.
Anyway, all of these is good enough for categorial polygon data. For raster such as Slope or Aspect in which we have continuous values, the "Identity" operation (or the "Intersect") doesn't work. I should convert continuous raster features into vectorial categorical ones, but it would require several assumptions in order to split the values in some interval.
In order to preserve the spatial heterogeneity, what would you do to assign these continuous features?
Thanks,
Nicholas.
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
6 answers
Dear Professors and students Researchers, please i want an article, book or any reference on the subject of " innovation territorial and its role in the development of mountain areas or fragile marginal areas."
Relevant answer
Answer
I would suggest reading the following article:
- Roberta Capello (2017) TOWARDS A NEW CONCEPTUALIZATION OF INNOVATION IN SPACE: Territorial Patterns of Innovation, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF URBAN AND REGIONAL RESEARCH, pp. 976-996.
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
13 answers
The Centre for Research on Territory, Transports and Environment of the University of Porto is organising an international conference on the theme " Spatial Planning for Change". This is the link for the conference website: https://citta-conference.fe.up.pt/
The call for abstracts is now open!
Location and date: University of Porto, 20th September 2019
Relevant answer
Answer
My pleasure! I wonder whether some would not like to offer a full presentation. We would welcome that, if they so wished. The extended call for abstracts is still open...
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
4 answers
Most African countries are lack of security especially in the implementation on Artificial Intelligence within their territories.
Relevant answer
Answer
I think first basic literacy about cyber security would be given. Specialized cyber security courses should be offered by universities and institutes.
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
5 answers
We need academic experiences that provide theoretical and methodological criteria regarding the management of development in the territories and the role of sociologists in that management
Relevant answer
Answer
OK, dear Karina. Good luck with your efforts educating and teaching students who will be leaders in their countries particularly in the important domains of social policies and development.
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
3 answers
How will flying cars affect the territory?
Relevant answer
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
3 answers
the support could generate conditions for creating private groups and research centers to stimulate the innovation.
Relevant answer
Answer
A firm can innovate successful only if its internal as well as external conditions are supportive. Building a culture of experimentation, creating a shared vision, learning how your teams actually work, and sharing what you learn with others are essentials for generating conditions for innovation in the territory.
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
2 answers
I am currently doing a long-term study on territorial occupancy in woodpeckers using color bands. I am interested in using the data for simply estimating annual survival of adult territory owners (will be using Program Mark). My data is very basic, not too many covariates other than sex right now, but I would like to have some papers to read regarding this topic. Trapping and banding takes place every year, so new marked birds are entering the population yearly. Also, 99% of marked birds are verified visually on territories rather than recaptures. Analyzing data is probably a few years out as we look to keep the study going, but I wanted to get a head start reading up on some examples and perhaps do some preliminary estimates. Thanks in advance for any helpful information.
Relevant answer
Answer
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
5 answers
West Malaysia consists of 11 states and 2 Federal territories. I propose to conduct an epidemiological study in 6 states. I want to show the selected states on a Map. Please I need help with ideas on how to present the desired information.
Thank you.
Relevant answer
Answer
First download Malaysia from DIVA GIS. Then open QGIS (you can download it) and click on "add vector layer" and browse the country's map. Then click on "select feature" and pressing "Ctrl", select all the states you want to show on your map. Then click on vector and select " geoprocessing tools" and then click "clip". Then select the appropriate layers from the list. And click at the last dropbox to create temporary layer and click "run". Then right click on the already created layers panel and click "property" and then "labels". From the dropbox select " show labels for this layer" . Then select the appropriate names from the "label with" and click "ok". You will get the states with their name. Then continue exercising.
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
14 answers
Dear colleagues:
I would like to remove this article from one of my projects (political economy of natural resources), and leave it in the other (colonial and decolonization history). Could you do that for me? I haven’t gotten to do that:
Yours,
Alicia
Relevant answer
Answer
Go to the project where you want to remove the article. Go to the project log and find the article. There is a "v" in the top right corner of the article post. Click the "v" and choose "remove". Alternative choose "edit list" if several articles were added at the same time and then choose remove on the article you want to remove.
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
10 answers
Hello, I'm interested in studies focusing on the potential impact of China's present and future activity in the Western Balkans on the region's territorial governance and territorial development dynamics.
Can anyone suggest recent research/articles on the matter?
Any help appreciated! :)
Relevant answer
Answer
There was an interesting article in NRC Handelsblad - a leading Dutch newspaper. It was not about TG, but about Chinese investments having an impact on TG. In short: China invests in infrastructure - and countries cannot pay back the loans. The property, or a 99 year right, then goes to China. This happened in Sri Lanka (a whole harbour is now Chinese), and is likely to happen in African countries. China is not in TG, but in getting critical infrastructure, and that has an impact on TG. And China makes long term investments - and waits for 10-20 years. It would be interesting to check out the details of the loan documents. regards
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
2 answers
As part of my research, I want to experiment with a socio-spatial analysis (through the notion of utopia) militant occupations, or not, aimed at bringing out other forms of life. A well-known example today is ZAD (Notre-Dame-des-Landes,...).
However, I want to widen the scope to forms of spatial and social expressions other than the ZAD, but also to break with the social order in which they emerge.
I will wish old cases (of the 1970s) as recent (years 2000-2010). Thank you very much in advance.
Relevant answer
Answer
Thank you very much for sharing your thoughts.
Indeed, I think it is important to consider utopia in the society and study context. The concept of utopia seems to change depending on this economic, politic, spatial, ... context.
I agree with you, utopias that was created in Europe and during Antiquity or during the period of the first Industrial Revolution have common points like : the fondation of a community with a specific place like a home for a social classe bonded with a sharing of ideologies, and so on. Today, we could say that utopia do not exist, if we are only based on this common points.
However, my current research seem to show that all utopias have this construction of process :
1. Denonciations / critics of a system, of an order. > 2. the breaking position about this > 3. Who conduct to alternativ creations. It is a very short resum, more developed during the 1,5 first PhD years, about the utopia concept that joins diferent autors reflexions like the "real utopias" (EriK Olin Wright, 2010 : https://www.ssc.wisc.edu/~wright/ERU.htm) or even "utopies du faire et du commun" (Luc Gwiazdzinski, 2016 : https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01340815/document).
This concept of utopia (about the tridimentional process), with a methodologic approch (inspired of the "narratives" Vincianne Despret), can help me better understand how this kind of "utopias" (mobilizations and occupations like : 'Free Neighborhoods', ZADs, Eco-villages) tend, or not, to a recognition of their spatial occupations as legitimate through their claims, contrary to a project urbanism, recognized by previously established plans?
More precisely :
How do they transcribe their actions (social and political) in the territorial field?
How do they spatially express their position in break with traditional lifestyles?
[In what way] do these actions re-enchant, ultimately, the initially unoccupied territory? How do they practice the creative break in everyday life and in the long term?
How do they compose their daily life with the territory and the collective? How do they compose their daily life with the territory and the city / municipal and / or regional authorities?
Do they plan their spatial planning? If so, how do they envision it? What are the factors taken into account in their spatial projection? What order are they: temporal, political, ...?
How do they perceive their territory (before, during and in the future of their occupation)? How do their actions question our ways of thinking and considering urbanism?
... So many sub-questions that feed the main question of research and which aim to spatially analyze how do they concretise this potential position of rupture.
Thank you again for sharing all this very interesting thoughts!
Best regards,
Marceline
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
2 answers
I am looking for research about the specific role ICT can play in facilitating the sharing of space between different actors. This can be linked to sharing rooms in cohousing, sharing facilities between different associations, sharing office spaces, etc.
How do ICT help solving issues of logistics, territoriality, communication, etc?
What is the impact of space efficiency?
Relevant answer
Answer
Airbnb, Amazon, DHL ecommerce, Alibaba, Booking.com business models are perfect examples.
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
2 answers
Reading testimonies about Fernand Deligny's "Cévennes attempt" with autistic children, I was struck by the fact that some autistic children seemed to be in touch with certain particular points in the territory (for instance, where ancient trails bifurcated, or hidden underground founts were located). I'm wondering – is there any research on these aspects? Other testimonies?
Thank you very much!
a
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Lucas, thank you for pointing out this very interesting line of research. I'm now reading your PhD dissertation where you develop these ideas. This is very helpful for me. Thank a lot. a
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
2 answers
European Groupings of Territorial Cooperation is a new tool of European Territorial Cooperation. In theory it should be more efficient than euroregion. Several case studies prooved that EGTCs face several barriers in their development. Some EGTC's still work as euroregions.
Relevant answer
Answer
Euroregions are bright representatives of the institutions of soft power, which unfortunately had practically no autonomous financial and administrative resources. EGTS are more clearly structured, and can have their own apparatus and independence, in addition, they can be an organization that can implement projects, the euroregions did not have such resources. Thus, I would say that at the initial stage of development of crossborder cooperation, the creation of Euroregions is beneficial, and EGTS is better suited to intensify crossborder cooperation.
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
2 answers
Kosovar and Serbian officials have suggested a possible solution for solving the major obstacle to integrating the Western Balkans into the EU after the Name Issue of Macedonia, could be a land swap based on where ethnic Serb and Albanian minorities are concentrated — Kosovo's northern Mitrovica region for Serbia's Presevo Valley.
The flag of Kosovo is blue with a yellow geographical map of the country. Should it be changed? Or?
Relevant answer
Answer
The most important long run objective for the two countries is to work hard to improve long run relations by pursuing permanent peace. This will be accomplished when the two countries stabilize democracy and respect human rights for all citizens whether they are members of a majority or a minority group.This is a must for both countries in order to qualify for EU membership. Such an approach will be the long term benefit for both countries, the Balkans, the EU and Europe. As a result there is no room for extreme ultra nationalistic or religious fanatic groups to play a role. It is clear that much progress is achieved by both countries and need to continue for them to meet the Copenhagen Criteria for EU membership, As for the flag of Kosovo this can be easily arranged once trust and democracy prevail among the two countries.
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
14 answers
Investigaciones sobre modelos de desarrollo territorial en zonas deprimidas con innovacion para la generacion de nuevas unidades economicas en todas sus variedades
Relevant answer
Estimado Rubén, te recomiendo que consultes las iniciativas de la Unión Europea implementadas para encontrar soluciones a los problemas de desarrollo rural en todo el territorio UE. En este sentido, respecto al desarrollo rural la forma de abordar este problema en Europa por parte de la Comisión de la UE recibió el nombre de LEADER, acrónimo francés de Liaisons entre activités de Developement de L'Economie Rural. A lo largo de este modelo de desarrollo, evolucionado mediante diferentes etapas, los resultados en términos generales han sido satisfactorios.
Saludos.
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
1 answer
Is there any paper on how floaters develop 'territoriality' between them in birds? As they are not territorial individuals per se, I wondering if there is some background on how they exploit resources on different ways, being some of them more associated with high-quality resources whereas others not, mainly due to agonistic behavior.
Thanks!
Relevant answer
Answer
Hey there,
I've attached a couple papers that hopefully address your questions. For general background in multiple taxa, here's one:
Overall, Corvids are excellent models in studies concerning non-breeding individuals as floaters and the benefits of cooperative breeding strategies, and multiple papers have addressed how non-breeding individuals have 'taken over' previously established territories. In Gayou (1986), its discussed how Green Jay floaters additionally engage in territory defense as part of a non-breeding cooperative family unit. In researching this, I found another excellent study concerning Purple Gallinules and how they change status, from floater to territoriality and back to floater status given habitat availability. I hope these help!
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
17 answers
Suppose, I am going to study the Thakali culture of Nepal, taking ethnography as methodology, then what should I do? Be concentrate on Thakalis culture of Thakkhola only or can be expanded field where Thakali people migrated, live, and shifted occupation e.g. roadside motels throughout the country?
Relevant answer
Answer
I wonder what Franz Boas might suggest? Perhaps going to your field site first to see how everyday life unfolds? After a period of immersion, you might see things happening that pique your curiosity. In asking why these things are happening in the manner that they do, your search for answers might lead you to multi-sited fieldwork or they might not. In other words, Boas would advise to first go to the field before even doing a literature review. Anything else is premature.
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
14 answers
The nation that plays a major role in the past crisis is China, the main ally of the North Koreans, who try to persuade both sides not to raise the tension. China's interest in keeping North Korea away from conflict is for practical rather than ideological reasons - if there is a collapse of the North Korean regime, the eventual unification of Korea would result in a strengthening of North American influence in a region close to its border. Moreover, the outbreak of a conflict would almost certainly provoke a movement of refugees towards the Chinese territory, which the government of Beijing seeks to avoid.
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Professor H.G. Callaway
Thanks for your very clear reply. I for the studies i have been making for some years about China and N. Korea relations (up and down) i can assure that there will never exist a reunification of north and south. However trade and controlled transit between both I believe that can exist in bilateral agreement from NK and SK.
About “"Chinese model" of economic development” i would be glad if you have a look in my article https://www.researchgate.net/publication/325763227_Chine_new_Geopolitics-One_Belt-One_Road

  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
4 answers
This week at a stats meeting Stephen Haslett described advising small area measures against SDGs in a scattering of (non-OECD) countries in our region, and some nuances (similar from my recollection) to what Martin Travallion had spoken of with WB cross country poverty alleviation measures. This leads into vulnerability index territory - mapping regions within countries for aid allocation. But given the stark segmenting in Australia: all progress in top deciles, standing still in lower over the 2000-2010 decade, maybe a finer level examination is needed, What should progress look like?
Relevant answer
Answer
Hi, Stephen,
Elena Delavega at the University of Memphis has developed some interesting and creative means of analyzing poverty measures. You might want to check out her work at http://www.memphis.edu/socialwork/research/poverty_fact_sheets.php
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
2 answers
In 1916 ,Portugal entered the Great War without its european territory had been attacked, nor were its colonies actually in danger of being conquered.
Relevant answer
Answer
Excellent question Dr. Gustavo Chalier. I think Argentina was disadvantaged by neutrality in World War II. Portugal already, I don't understand the reasons of neutrality. Maybe Dr Carlos can explain us better.
Best greetings
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
5 answers
There are different international law, doctrines for Trans Boundary Water Resources, such as:
1. Absolute territorial sovereignty theory
2. Absolute territorial integrity theory
3. Theory of limited territorial sovereignty.
4. Water Rights Based on Previous Use or Prior Appropriation
5. Riparian water rights
Although water covers more than two-thirds of the earth's surface, but 97% is in oceans and 2℅ locked in ice-cap and not available to human beings for consumption. Only 1℅ is termed as fresh water (surface & ground water). Therefore, water as a limited resource that is in great demand. The manner in which this demand is satisfied varies according to the jurisdiction in which a water supply is located. In case of trans-water resources, the upstream country has got upper hand to manipulate the river flow. This manipulation can be interpreted under various approaches and doctrines. Each approach has its weaknesses, and jurisdictions will continue experimenting with established legal doctrines to better accommodate the supply and demand of water rights.
Various treaties concluded to decide on the water. Question arose, either there is any such doctrines exists that protecting the ecology?
Relevant answer
Answer
All laws/ doctrines were developed by the powerful to satisfy their own greed. UN discredited itself with the 1992 Dublin Statement, declaring water as a commodity. EU water directive follows the same lines. USA has 'John Wayne' law or 'cowboy economics' as Vandana Shiva put it. The 2008 constitution of Ecuador recognized the right of nature and the ecosystems to exist and flourish, just like any living being. It gave water the status of a patrimony, which needs to be preserved for posterity, and that its provision should not be a marketable service. The Bolivian government also passed laws in 2010 and 2012 treating ‘mother earth’ as a subject of public interest. That's the spirit, "that water is the mother of all of us who nurtures us and that it is time we start nurturing her", that should be the basis of any conversation on sharing and caring of any river. NOBODY OWNS WATER, WE ALL ARE USERS. The discussions should involve all users and develop CONSENSUS on how to care for mother-water. I invite you to browse some write-ups in our project on 'water nurturing':
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
3 answers
Hello,
So I am having some spreadsheet issues, using excel. So I'll get right to it.
I am keeping population count data of every county in the USA.
However, I do not have population data for Puerto Rico.
I would like to take my spreadsheet of every USA county, and delete all counties/municipalities that belong to Puerto Rico, or any other U.S territories outside of the 50 states.
How can I do this?
Is there some way to take my spreadsheet that has info for only 50 states counties, select them, then go to the spreadsheet that has info for all 50 states counties, plus territories, and tell excel, hey, delete all rows that don't match the entries of my other spreadsheet?
Thanks!
Relevant answer
Answer
A filter on the page with non-US data would be easiest. Unselect those variables.
If you need to integrate, use vlookup.
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
6 answers
Can anybody share with the high resolution satellite imageries for Central Asia?
Relevant answer
Answer
I am not sure resolution may be varies
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
3 answers
I am currently involved in a research on a medium size town in Italy, characterised by a very well known and protected historical centre and surrounded by a traditionally rural territory that has been undergoing profound economic transformations in the last 50 years. The research foresees the writing of a territorial report mostly based on stakeholders' interviews. The reference, already chosen by the research coordinators, would be the so-called "community studies", very popular until the Sixties/Seventies, but maybe slightly out of date now. I would like to have a better understanding of the evolution of the concept and its employability for the research I mentioned. Thank you.
Relevant answer
Answer
Ms. Pessina,
Here is an excellent source that includes a good conceptual framework for community level research studies (please see attached a hard copy):
"Researcher readiness for participating in community-engaged dissemination and implementation research: a conceptual framework of core competencies"
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
3 answers
This plant was collected in 2008 in a coastal region of Mauritius (Mascarenes, Indian Ocean). It looks like Juncus maritimus which is not recorded on our territory. Length of stem above soil level is up to 60 cm. Plant growing among rocks in calcareous sand at tideline; very difficult to uproot.
Relevant answer
Answer
good morphological descriptions of Juncus species are here (please, see Juncus sect. Juncus): http://speciesplantarum.net/sites/default/files/floras/j/juncaceae_2_1.pdf
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
3 answers
It is necessary to know the distribution of species of the genus Potentilla in the territory of Iraq.
Relevant answer
Answer
Thank you very much for the information
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
11 answers
Which kind of research topics in environmental sciences could be interesting for Central Asia territory?
Relevant answer
Answer
Integrated Soil Fertility Management: Contributions of Framework and Practices to Climate-Smart Agriculture:Integrated Soil Fertility Management combines agronomic practices relating to crops, mineral fertilizers, organic inputs and other amendments that are tailored for different cropping systems, soil fertility status and socioeconomic profiles.
KEY MESSAGE
1 ISFM interventions are built on the premises of increasing productivity and profitability for smallholder farming systems. Practising ISFM has further shown to enhance the stability of yields under adverse rainfall oscillations. Lastly, important reductions in greenhouse gas emissions can be made through ISFM owing to greater uptake of N fertilizers by crops and soil C sequestration.
2 A number of ISFM practices have been successfully brought to scale, each of which leading to major improvements of livelihoods and land use. What’s more, these programs illustrated that access of farmers to quality inputs, information, off-takers and credit is of huge importance to achieve effective adoption of ISFM. Field trials with ISFM-based maize and soybean rotations at 6 weeks after planting. The taller crops have received fertilizers micro-dosing while the shorter crops have not.PDF enclosed
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
3 answers
I'm interested in the climate changes and tectonics of the Bashkortostan territory about last 10000 years. There are facts that basins of lake Kandrykul and lake Asylkul were formed not only because of karst, but also by tectonics.
Relevant answer
Answer
Hello Pavel Krylov,
This may help for tectonic portion of S. Urals (paper link attached below)
Try to read papers which cite this paper, and that should help as well.
Have a great time,
Regards
  • asked a question related to Territoriality
Question
16 answers
We have been seeing many countries still don't have good resolution geological maps of their territory. In such situation remote sensing is an alternative for independent researchers. Understanding of Photogeology is the most for this.
Relevant answer
Answer
1. Revision of the scale of last North American glaciation Part 1. Southern Rocky Mountains
2. The origin of lakes and sandy deserts of mountains during the melting of glaciers –Taklamakan and Gobi deserts (EN)