Science topic

Television - Science topic

Television (TV) is a telecommunication medium for transmitting and receiving moving images that can be monochrome (black-and-white) or colored, with or without accompanying sound. "Television" may also refer specifically to a television set, television programming, or television transmission.
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The publication of Abraham Moles' "Sociodynamique de la Culture" in 1967 sparked new reflections on the relationship between the person, society and the modes of mass communication. Moles highlighted the intense relationship between the individual, his culture and the dynamics that develop around it. His approach to sociodynamic theory applied to message transfer reminded us about the dynamic and social processes that interfere with how a message is sent, interpreted, registered and shared. Although his work focused on radio and television, we could apply the same principles (with some breadth) to digital media. Nevertheless, how could we speak of a new Sociodynamique de la Culture in the current context? What new reflections can we draw from Moles's sociodynamic theory?
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Dynamic social theory talks about the symbolic interaction between the individual, society and the means of communication because culture is an organic moving object that influences the personality of the individual according to the social environment in which he lives through the climate and the cultural space driven by information and communication technology, so the individual is forced to interact with this dynamic and move with its wheel, Rala will remain backward.
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The fourth wall is a term that television borrowed from its first origin (theater) represented by the interface of the screen displaying the work. One scene on television is a theatrical clip within a group of scenes that confines the subject between four walls, the fourth of which is removed and replaced by the camera, which represents the viewing angle for the viewer and a difference can be recorded Between parties in the theater the distance and angle of view are constant between the audience and the message does not change, but while this distance is defined and new while the room was closed.
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One of the most common ways to break the fourth wall is by speaking to the viewer, that is, an interpellative shot or in theater talk with the audience.
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Calling all Millenials in Gauteng, South Africa. Please help me understand the way the Covid-19 pandemic has affected your television viewing behaviour!
Fill in the short survey on the following link: https://forms.gle/i5hZ2C6SCm9A5osi6
I appreciate your help with this research.
Regards,
Aimee
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Revered Dr.Aimee Viljoen-Stroebel,
Really it is good survey to find out the mass media devices of TV.
Actually I would like to fill this survey but it is applicable to those who are in South Africa only.
I tried to fill but the Age, location have not allowed me to move further.
Hope the RG User could support more as you expected. Wishing you to have a successful endeavours.
Regards
Senapathy
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I am in dire need of any literature that discusses the benefits of marketing communication development and implementation in the media industry such as the broadcasting organizers (radio, televisions). I have only seen how marketing communication could use radio and televisions as their promotional/advertising medium. But what I want to know if the brand itself is the radio and/or television companies and how they benefit from the marketing communication strategies to compete with the ever-changing media dynamics especially in internet era. Thank you so much!
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I need details, thanks.
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My advice to you would be to search for 'anti drug campaigns' on Google Scholar, you will find many references on that topic.
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I am investigating how personality (openness, conscientiousness, extroversion, agreeableness, neuroticism) and television viewing motive type (ritualistic, instrumental) influence the dependent variable of television viewing levels (i.e. how long/often someone watches television for).
I want to look at the main effects of the two IVs and how they interact to influence the DV.
What would be the most appropriate statistical technique here? I am unsure between regression and ANOVA.
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Lucy Prior Thank you for your explanation. Yes, I agree. SEM works better than competing alternatives.
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My current study explores the psychology of how children learn about other nations through the media and is examining a television series with anthropomorphised animals.
The first stage involved examining the series to better understand how national identities are assigned to animal characters.
I was editing my findings section and happened to notice that the values in columns labelled CFAs and CSAs were equal or close to half the values in IFAs and ISAs, except for the bottom left two cells (28 and 8).
For contexts, the column labels stand for Individual Feature Animals, Collective Feature Animals, Individual Supporting Animals and Collective Supporting Animals.
Feature refers to animals who were the focus of a narrative.
Supporting refers to animals who contributed to a narrative but weren't the focus.
Individual refers to single animals.
Collective refers to groups of two or more animals - like a pod of whales - or references to entire species.
I feel like I might be digging a bit too deep here, but is there a statistical analysis that could potentially identify a relationship between the values presented?
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Thanks for your response.
Based on your suggestion, I ran a chi-square and got x2 (6, N = 317) = 28.78, p < .0001, critical value 12.59.
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What do you think about the "mediatization" o entertainment of sexist violence on television?
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It is so extreme now days, especially violence against women. It has become ubiquitous - that it is the norm. An interesting research project could compare domestic violence against women vs violence against women in television. Seems like almost every crime program represents murdered and tortured women. No wonder these crimes are so prevalent and no one does anything about them. I am Australian and out of all the reported rape crimes only 7% get convicted. Really appalling statistics! Thanks for your question.
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There are 6 television programmes of different TV genres and their mean and mean ranks are put for each of them. But the reliability value of all the programmes together is 0.498 . So what exactly we infer from this 0.498 reliability value?
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From the table in the provided paper, it seems that the "reliability" term is the "R" correlation factor of the data. Statistically, any "R" less than 0.8 (some may go lower) makes any correlation doubtful. Certainly, a value of 0.498 would mean that the data are randomly distributed and uncorrelated.
With regards to the research question, it just means that none of the TV surveys really agree with each other. The stated conclusion has nothing to do with either the initial intent nor the data collected.
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Is it possible to consider visual arts such as cinema, television, and multimedia as a discipline related to fine arts more than it is academically related to the field of communication sciences?
I hope to participate in this discussion and kindly present your valuable opinions and your views because this discussion will provide a high and wonderful scientific benefit at the same time for the projects that I will work on in the future.
many thanks ...
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thank you for your Opinion , it Will make an Important approach to my students ...
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My sample is 131 television ads. Chi-square of ad categories gives significant result with each of 6 advertising appeals but the assumption of expected count less than 25% cells is violated. When i double my dataset, it solves the problem. Ethically can i do this? some othe way? Please someone urgently help.
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thanks a lot Enrique Font
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Every time we turn on the television we see anti wrinkle creams, diets, fashion shows with models with impossible bodies, hair treatments, and that, little by little, is installed in our brain. They do not show us the reality: that wrinkles at a certain age are inevitable, that when we grow we get stretch marks and cellulite, that we have one breast bigger than another, that women can be as bare as men ...
And then we try to resemble those ideals that have sold us massively, and instead of seeing strangers those bodies passed by hundreds of advisors and operations, we see ours as rare.
How dangerous it is to spend more hours in front of the TV, than on the street, you don't know how much they can deceive us
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Yes and those superficial ideals change with the Zeitgeist. But the companies of which you speak would not fail: they would adapt to whatever the new Zeitgeist demanded. As Heraclitus foresaw, we never step into the same river twice.
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Nowadays the media are one of the main sources of information for adolescents. The media that most affect adolescents are the mass media, which are known for producing large-scale cultural changes, both positively and negatively. As, for example, we can talk about television, radio, newspaper, magazine, internet, cinema, among others. On the other hand, I think that many teenagers identify the real world with what they observe on television and the internet. Therefore, I think that the media greatly influence teenagers.
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Can anyone recommend any journal articles or texts on how to apply psychoanalysis as a method to the study of a text (e.g. television shows)?
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I think that to be studied from psychonalitically point of view, in a modern approach, a text should be a comunication in a interpersonal relationship, if not an interpersonal field ( Baranger ). Anyway it could be useful to begin with the Freud non clinical studies ( i.e. The Mose).
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By using the Narda SRM 3006 device to measure electromagnetic radiation:
-What is the period of time required for each location or spot to measure?
-How can I insert and name frequencies whether for radio broadcasting, television, mobile communications and wireless communications?
- What are the conditions required necessarily when measuring?
- Some researches say that a person should turn off the transformer while measuring. Other researches say that a person can receive a phone call during measuring. Though I think that switching the mobile off is the right choice. So, What do you think?
-Finally, can we transfer data from the device to the computer in a form of an excel file?
I hope the experts in this field answer me please
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The device senses the electromagnetic radiation by an antenna and amplifies it by a wideband low noise amplifier and then a fast Fourier transform to analyse the frequency spectrum and display it on a screen. It can acquire the field strength in a real time as the stated in Data sheet.
Since it is a wide band electromagnetic sensor one must turn off all interfering sources as the instrument will sense it.
We mad a similar set up to sense the EM radiation:
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I worked at DIRECTV projects and know many Mexican residents buy their satellite dishes in the U.S. using the address for a friend and then transport the device to Mexico to gain access to American television. I was wondering if that is something your project is touching at all...
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Incomplete...needs additional variables...
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Should children watch television at a young age? How young is too young? Does early exposure cause unseen consequences on later behavior in children? Is there healthy versus unhealthy television watching that could impact behavior, brain development or psychology? Theories, hypothesizes or ideas.
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As with all behavioral science questions, the answer is, I think, "It depends." It depends on how much television is watched; it depends on what is neglected in favor of watching television (conversation with adults? reading? interaction with other children? game playing? sleep?); it depends on the content of the television programs; it depends on the volume; it depends on the age of the child; and it depends on all other characteristics of television viewing and all other characteristics of the child. A quick search with my library's search engine for peer-reviewed articles on "television" produced 692,487 non-duplicate articles. I'm afraid your question is too general.
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Hello!
I'm currently doing my MA in Media Studies, looking at representations of masculinities in a popular South African television series. I understand that Stuart Hall is integral when researching representation but I'm looking for more contemporary prominent theorists in this field. Any assistance would be much appreciated.
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Cultivation Theory, Social Construction of Reality, Media Cognitive Theory, UG can be used with Marxist, Hegemony and Post-Structuralism approaches, of course, along with Hall's Reception Theory.
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I am looking for historical data (from 1980s till today) about the audience market share on the TV markets of the European Union. The data should be using SHR method, the whole population.
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I'd get in touch with the EBU or the Council of Europe: https://www.obs.coe.int/en/web/observatoire/industry
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For example, for studying the costume of actors in ads we have,
As in the original study, each discernible adult model was classified into one of four ordinal categories of the dress (Soley & Reid, 1988). Dress differs primarily by the amount of clothing worn by models in the advertisements, and has four levels: (1) demure, (2) suggestive,
(3) partially-clad, and (4) nude.
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I am not aware of such a scale, however I prefer to use a methodology in which the researcher creates the typography as part of the content analysis.
On the first review of the data, you initially structure the data in open categories which are then grouped and refined to establish the final categories. I think that this is better research than trying to shoehorn your data into someone else's framework.
This article describes such a process in detail:
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For my bachelor thesis I am working on a speech assistant that can be used in bank consulting sessions. For example, the consultant can ask the assistant to provide the history of a specific share's price in a chart.
The focus of my thesis lies on improving the speech-to-text results that we receive from our ASR engine. For this task I need a german corpus from the field of bank consulting conversations.
Since to my knowledge such a corpus does not exist, I need to create my own. As I have no experience in creating corpora, do any of you have suggestions as where to start, what tools to use or how to proceed in general? I was thinking that maybe there are transcriptions of television shows debating share prices or interviews in newspapers that could be used?
Thanks in advance!
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I'm not personally familiar with any web tools for creating corpora. Perhaps someone else here can help you.
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I am looking for questionnaires that will be appropriate to measure emotional responses like fear and happiness after a participant consumes equivalent visual content both on TV and AR device . Thanks
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Thanks a lot Michael Uebel , I will look into it.
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How might one theorise Jouissance in relation to post-network television and televisual fiction?
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Dear Colleague Nicholas Jensen,
I have not encountered this term before and its definition below. I suppose I am a troglodyte for this lacuna in my vocabulary, but what makes you interested in linking 'jouissance' with mass media culture?
If I knew why this is important to do, then I could speak to the rhetorical methods of analysis.
Gloria
"physical or intellectual pleasure, delight, or ecstasy. "
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I am trying to measure emotional response when visual media content is displayed on television or AR device.
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feel free to email me for additional suggestions on how to measure emotional responses. You can find my Email in the paper. Happy to share some scales with you then,
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Hello everyone.
I’m struggling with a experimental design. I have an alternative C, that has 4 attributes (X1, X2, X3, X4) with (2, 3, 4 and 3) levels respectively.
What I want is that respondents rate the alternative according to different scenarios of this alternatives attributes.
Something like this:
ESCENARIO 1: rate from 1 to 5 (consider 1 is the lowest and 5 the hihghest score) the comfort of the bus service according to the following attributes:
  • Spacious seats
  • Tv Available
  • Food available and water available
  • Big windows
1__ 2__ 3__ 4__ 5__
ESCENARIO 2: rate from 1 to 5 (consider 1 is the lowest and 5 the hihghest score) the comfort of the bus service according to the following attributes:
  • Spacious seats
  • No Tv Available
  • Just water available
  • Med sized windows
1__ 2__ 3__ 4__ 5__
How can I do this experimental design, on spss or other software?
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I do not know if this helps but you may want to know about matrix sampling designs - you give subsets of questions to random subsets but analyses them altogether:
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Hello,
I wondered if anyone would like to discuss ideas around The Lacanian Real and its relationship with Deleuze's Becoming?
In essence, the trajectory of my doctoral thesis is headed in the direction of the Lacanian Real with respects to the following:
If the Lacanian Real is impossible then is it possible/how is it possible to represent the Real on television?
In others words: How can that which is un-representable be represented?
A counter to Lacan as an obvious choice is Deleuze and he does not believe in the real-possible distinction as then it would reduce things to the ontologically lesser category of the impossible. He changes things to the virtual and the actual and says the virtual is just as Real as the Real world but it is not corporeal in an actual, physical, tangible sense. Thus, I am seeking to discuss:
1. The radical differences between Deleuze and Lacan (Deleuzian Becoming)
2. My supervisor has pointed me to the works of Tim Dean and Katerina Kolozova's Beyond Sexuality and the Cut of the Real. The concept of fiction also plays a big part in my intervention, so aside from all the stuff Zizek writes does anyone have any other suggestions for readings?
Finally, does anyone know where Deleuze states he has a problem with the real-possible distinction?
Many thanks and Best wishes,
Nick Jensen
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Michael Uebel and Aaron Schuster thank you for the recommendations. Do either of you feel that the Real could be applicable to other genres aside from horror? I am wanting to analyse Riverdale and two other fictional worlds and its characters from a Psychoanalytic perspective. I wonder if the metaphor of psychosis would be a valid way of representing the Real on television?
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Hello
To assess the role of television in social change I am going to develop a questionnaire which will be simply a portion of demographic profiles of respondents, can anyone help regarding what variables of demography should i affix in my questionnaire??
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Age, sex, marital/living status, level of education, place of residence (current and previous) or country of birth, may be subject of education, source and level of income, presence of parents, parent's education and occupation, family members, whether living alone or with family, etc. might be important to relate with television.
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Do you believe that today's home Tv viewer just continues to purchase an advertised product blindly without ever evaluating the product that they buy? Why?
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No, not necessarily.
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The information disclosed in social media, television, radio and other media are mostly paid, and not always true.
However, people fully rely on this information. Thus, a disclosed and replicated lie becomes true, while a truth can become a lie.
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Because it is easy
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I'm looking for a journal article I've come across before, but can't seem to find anymore. The article was about different aspects of television viewing and if those aspects effect how people respond to whatever media they are viewing. I think it was something like a meta analysis. The authors looked at around 50 different aspects of television from such as screen size, color, resolution, distance from screen, etc. The overall conclusion was that there was no differences in people's responses for the majority of the variables they looked at. Only one or two had any significant difference. Any help finding this would be greatly appreciated.
Thanks!
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Will try to find for you
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Here is a summary of my research design:
X: Continuous behavioral variable (i.e. frequency of viewing specific television content)
M: Continuous attitudinal variable
Y: Continuous attitudinal variable
Controlling for some other variables, I ran an SPSS PROCESS simple mediation model (Model 4), and I found significance for the direct path and one of the indirect paths. I wonder though - do I have to satisfy certain assumptions to be able to, in the same paper, report results from both the said PROCESS analysis as well as those from hierarchical regression where all the variables that I had entered into the PROCESS analysis? I have seen some papers that did this, but wanted to get more wisdom on this matter.
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Process is simply a tool for organizing the variables in a regression according to a path model, and then providing you with calculations of the direct and indirect effects so that you don't need to do this by hand. The regressions it runs are essentially identical to a set of hierarchical regressions, especially for a simple model such as the one you described. So, there is no problem with including both analyses, except that one does not really tell you anything that you could not determine from the other.
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What is the field of computer that connects radio and television
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Convergence is the general term that is used to describe how media has digitized -- such that the computer is being used more and more to access forms of media that were once traditionally accessed via separate/distinct devices.
In terms of academic fields that would border the fields of computers & media -- I taught a course for a program in Singapore called IEM - 'Information, Engineering, & Media'. And this might be one example of a program that integrates aspects of 'computers' and 'radio and television.' In Japan, I know of a 'department of computer and media engineering' at one university. Many of the academic programs are geared towards the 'gaming' media industries.
Perhaps if you could expand a bit on your question... it might help for the community to supply a more specific answer.
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Can somebody share the following research article "Public Affairs Television and the Growth of Political Malaise: The Case of "The Selling of the Pentagon" by Michael J. Robinson 1976.
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Hi Amber,
If you send me an email I can send you a soft copy. adrian.sawyer@canterbury.ac.nz
Adrian
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Without question we watch television programs we enjoy. Is there any research on the programs watched by juvenile, violent offenders outside the confinement setting?
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Thank you all for your responses. All are very appreciated.
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We are conducting a meta-analysis of experimental studies looking at the impact of media form (e.g., pace) on executive function (tested post and/or pre media exposure) in children. There seems to be a limited number of studies, at present we have only identified those in the list below, if you know of any studies (including unpublished studies from your own lab) please get in touch.
Anderson, D. R., Levin, S. R., & Lorch, E. P. (1977). The effects of TV program pacing on the behavior of preschool children. Educational Technology Research and Development, 25, 159-166.
Cooper, N. R., Uller, C., Pettifer, J., & Stolc, F. (2009). Conditioning attentional skills: examining the effects of the pace of television editing on children’s attention. Acta Paediatrica, 98, 1651-1655.
Geist, E. A., & Gibson, M. (2000). The effect of network and public television programs on four and five year olds ability to attend to educational tasks. Journal of Instructional Psychology, 27, 250-261.
Kostyrka‐Allchorne, K., Cooper, N. R., Gossmann, A. M., Barber, K. J., & Simpson, A. (2017). Differential effects of film on preschool children's behaviour dependent on editing pace. Acta Paediatrica, 106, 831-836.
Lillard, A. S., Drell, M. B., Richey, E. M., Boguszewski, K., & Smith, E. D. (2015). Further examination of the immediate impact of television on children’s executive function. Developmental Psychology, 51, 792-805.
Lillard, A. S., & Peterson, J. (2011). The immediate impact of different types of television on young children's executive function. Pediatrics, 128, 644-649.
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This new paper may also be useful for your meta-analysis:
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I am looking for examples of where people have gained positive strategies for well-being, self-care and positive mental health from unlikely sources, particularly in film, television and literature. What was the inspiration and where did it come from?
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Poetry has been a constant source of deeper understanding for me - both reading, but more pertinently writing. During difficult times, when words and contact with people aren't enough writing allows me to express my thoughts in a way which is more me. Gerard Manley Hopkins and his thinking on 'inscape' was a lodestone to my well-being.
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Hola Alberto,
Mi nombre es María Gil, soy una profesora en el departamento de español de Bates College (ME, USA). Trabajo con cine y televisión, y me interesa la conferencia que proponéis; tendrías más detalles sobre ella? Quizá las fechas, y algo más específico sobre las propuestas.
Muchas gracias,
María
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Uy, perdona María, pensé que se vería el Call for Papers en Researchgate. Sorry. El Congreso fue en febrero de 2017. Y, la verdad, fue una experiencia estupenda. 
Aquí había más info: 
Y hasta la cena temática, je: 
Un saludo, 
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it refers to the dilema whether the cable television would get extinct in near future because of digital steaming media? need anwers and suggestions with reasons
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Cable as a service that selects and bundles television satellite services and must-carry channels will die with the older generation.  I agree that  millennials and younger will have no interest in traditional cable.  However, cable as internet-service-provider will be around as long as people need a wire to deliver the service.  Cable these days may be a telephone company and increasingly phone companies may be able to de-couple internet services from wires (e.g., Verizon offering free hot-spots with data limits as an opening gambit).  Traditional broadcasters will be the big losers as wireless technologies are not subject to must-carry rules.  Once people realize they can get the channels they want without paying the hefty equipment rental fees that cable charges they will disconnect.  Other OTT service providers are likely to take on the task of bundling "channels" and billing for them.  However, inertia is powerful and a significant portion of cable subscribers will keep subscribing if the alternatives seem complicated.
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 We need materials to manifacturing diffrerent lasers at different optical frequencies in order to be coded and transported via optical fibers and decoded  at the end to be used in telephone ,  television and others applications such as printing systems. 
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Why not use google ("the web")? Entering e.g. "InAs InP laser"(without the quotes) will bring all sorts of hits. Analyzing data sheets, articles, scientific papers and patent applications should bring about every information you could desire.
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I didn't find any sound literature on this . Still on safer side we tell people not to use mobile phones. Please guide me on this aspect
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Succinct, direct, and true statement
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Is it probably that we can use a social network as YouTube to get full access to some films and TV series -even music and videogames- to do researching works?
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Thank you again, Dickson. Maybe with a ID permission from an University could help us to access to that content.
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Children under the age of four use tablets or mobiles, the television is always on: background television  . Parents are permanently connected
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Tiene usted razón. Los hogares caóticos puedn no tener muchas pantallas. La definición se resuelve yendo al inglés: household chaos. Entrando este concepto en google scholar se percibe una definición muy concurrente de diversos artículos. Environmental chaos es otra entrada.
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Marit Fsvindseth
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Hi
Needed more details for help.
Regards...
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Looking for comments on using semiotics to analyse YouTube text (specifically UGC videos).
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If you are referring to Youtube messages per se then yes; once you use semiotics as your principle for analysis, you can basically analyse any media transmitted message from that perspective, regardless of the media outlet (whether TV or Youtube as in your case). 
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I am just wondering if the television signals could be transmited through air instead of connecting cables. The concept of free space optics applies good here but the problem is  in my research i want to use LASER light (low power) to be projected on any classical antenna and see the how the antenna is able to detect and receive the transmited message through air. I am having tough time to find a way to know how an antenna could receive the photons and how it will meet the range specififed for television signals
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You can use a high speed photodetector instead of an antenna. There you are detecting the energy of the photons rather than their electric field. If you really want to be analogous to antenna you can also use a technique called heterodyning with a photodetector. There is the possibility that you could try to match an antenna at optical frequencies, these are sometimes called an "optical rectenna" the idea is that you build your tiny antenna on the length scale with the wavelength of light, but also try to have a diode like element formed at the same time. This theoretically could be used to convert sunlight to current at high efficiencies, and could be used for optical communications. So far these have been very lossy at optical frequencies and not practical.
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Considering the media modifications brought about by digital technologies, we are starting to talk about Post-cinema and about the need to update national and international legislation that defines and governs television.
How should television policy change to suit those technological changes, to prevent delving on previous media anchors (as pointed out by McLuhan's tetrad)? 
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I'm still looking for a good topic for my masterthesis about television. i want to write about the actual problems public television has and what they do against it. why are they loosing the young people? 
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At first glance, I would say that the public viewing is a kind of hybrid seting in between watching television ant home and attending a live event for real. Watching football matches in pubs, going back to a time when most people did not have tv at home, is a form of public view on a smaller scale. Obviously it is interesting in asking what such an innovative setting, a new genre of public communication, means for the media providers and how it is linked to evolutions of the digital era. I would try two approaches; a) find an internal structure, kind of an axial model, of the event, asking: How does the information spread? How to people make up their mind to attend? What are the alternatives? What are collateral activities? What about incidents? What happens afterwards? etc b) By comparing instances find out types of public viewing: How the public viewing of an opera and a football match differ? Compare the viewing in a pub and in a huge public space? etc
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Are children's risk-taking behaviours a consequence of their attention to television programmes?
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Dear Olumuyiwa
Children also learn through simulation.
So, after watching TV, the children start copying  the character who is their favorite one.
And not only they stop unto this, but further they also imaging the character within themselves and responding in such way in day to day life's activities.
It is a very natural things in general for all children. When it comes to risk taking behaviors , it becomes a matters of concerns also.
Many research article is published related to these risk taking concepts. So, for further details consult good literature.
Thanks
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I am particularly looking at News shared on Facebook Fan Page of a News channel.
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There is a good section on content analysis in 
Researching Communications: A Practical Guide to Methods in Media and Cultural Analysis (2007)
by David Deacon. Michael Pickering, Peter Golding 
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what are the related studies in parental mediation especially television, news media, Teenagers... 
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Also: 
Austin, E. W., Roberts, D. F., & Nass, C. I. (1990). Influences of family communication on children's television-interpretation processes. Communication research, 17(4), 545-564.
Warren, R., Gerke, P., & Kelly, M. A. (2002). Is there enough time on the clock? Parental involvement and mediation of children's television viewing. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 46(1), 87-111.
Nathanson, A. I. (2001). Parent and child perspectives on the presence and meaning of parental television mediation. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 45(2), 201-220.
Warren, R. (2001). In words and deeds: Parental involvement and mediation of children's television viewing. The Journal of Family Communication, 1(4), 211-231.
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I have looked at the ideas of gender schema and Stuart Hall's ideas on 'representation theories'. But I have not come across references to contemporary feminist theories in this context. 
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There is of course also Laura Mulvey's famous theoretical approach. Try this to analyze the wolf in Tex Avery's Little Red Riding Hood ;o)
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Please provide examples of effects and change in attitude if any.
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Good question. Although my knowledge too is quite limited on this yet as a part of observation, animated way of talking, thinking about being in possession of superpowers, imaginary world of living can be observed in some of the teenagers.
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I find a lot of work on taste of music. But I could not find enough for taste of television. Is there any literature that you say " you should look at this"?
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Gans research on taste cultures comes to mind. Our work (including scholars such as Zillmann, Tamborini, Eden, Grizzard, Bowman, etc.) on morality subcultures also may be helpful depending on the specific purpose.
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American, Turkish and Indian soap operas are very popular amongst women and they argue that such dramas reflect the societal realities, while others say its just an exaggeration. What's true?
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It has been consistently argued in Latin America that telenovelas have helped in shaping some social debates concerning women. An international example is Yo soy Bety, la fea, in which a smart but not very appealing woman needs to overcome stereotypes in order to succeed. There are various articles and even a book on the topic.
Furthermore, Martin-Barbero and others have argued for the centrality of telenovelas in shaping important social issues in Latin America. 
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I need books on Radio and TV that are most authentic.
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There are two museums in the US that have staff that might give you suggestions, too.
The Paley Center for media in New York City
and the Newseum in DC.  See the links below! 
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Information channels such as internet, mobile phone, TV, Radio, newspapers, etc.
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For the UK, you could try reviewing the work of the Glasgow Media Group. Greg Philo is the lead researcher there.
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I would like to explore how the media cover natural disasters and how their coverage influences public awareness and perception, among other things.
For example, do you think that there is a correlation between media coverage and funding disasters?
Please, share your thoughts and experiences.
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Hi, As a TV producer I covered the famine in Ethiopia for RTE (Irish TV) in 2000 if that is any help.  Paul
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I am specifically interested in the discourse of baseball commentators on television.
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You might want to contact Torsten Müller (University of Bochum, http://www.es.rub.de/personal.php?id=28). He has published a monograph and a couple of articles on the language of football (= soccer) some years ago. 
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For an evaluator, which method or process is the most appropriate to judge a video project like a film, a drama or a commercial especially in the context of impact in the community?
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As someone who also produces news content I think you can look at this in a few ways that inherently lead to non-standardization. I know, non-standardization is scary. 
The first is of these is simple simple - was it designed to have an impact (something need to be designed to be impactful to be impactful)? Did a single piece of content directly lead to a result?
I think very few pieces of content achieve this standard, most works (including news articles, plays, songs, commercials) are part of a larger body of work that all build on each other and collectively impact a community.  The impact of some of these works is in fact that they created a foundation for more work, as an example I think of the first and subsequent articles on Joseph McCarthy that lead to Murrow and See it Now
While a standardized measure would be ideal, there is sadly no single measure of "impact." "Impact" could be taking to the streets,  electing a single reform-minded politician or bringing a whole new party into power, as a few examples. On a non-political issue (if you can argue that any issue is in fact "non-political," impact could be the actual change that the work advocated or highlighted, since a biased, partisan news source would not directly advocate.  
Maybe try working backwards: Impact was ______ the identified steps to ______ are 1,2,3,4..... Did the work achieve or lay the foundation for ________.
If there was a single critical work (or a definitive piece or pieces) that lead to ______ you could even snowball backwards, look at the work(s) that fed into that critical work(s), that lead to the feeder work, into that, etc. And you can do that simply enough by references/links especially if news sources, if it is a video work you can look at what archival video clips are used. Also interviews with the work's producers. 
I hope this helps. 
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As the time goes mass media enrolls more and more into the low-quality short-sighted image and sensations based journalism. You see vividly the serious decline of journalism in television programmes and newspapers (with some exceptions). Only some internet portals, and, may be, radio and journals still maintain higher quality journalism. What is your opinion about the future of journalism in the coming years?
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Michael
I agree that accreditation does not in itself make a good course but without it you just don't recruit.  I am always encouraged that most journalism students I encounter aspire to being good investigative and analytical journalists and reject the trash without the need for encouragement.  I still read and watch some excellent journalism and it is still a force for good.  
We of course have had the biggest 'soul searching' in modern journalistic history in the UK and many journalists criminally prosecuted for outrageous and utterly unjustified behaviour but it was journalists that exposed it along with exposing our venal politicians for expenses fraud.
I think many journalistic commentators look only to the bad aspects of journalism and it distorts their view.  We have no need to be pessimistic, there will always be journalists and there will always be good journalism.  
We also should try to be less patronising of the viewers and readers.  People who read the serious press are quite capable of seeing through the faux 'balance'.  Those who cannot in the main don't care.
I take note that I have been voted down on my comment as well as voted up.  I guess that was in the name of 'balance'
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Service modelling for IPTV network.
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Hi vasanthi, I suppose it depends which aspects you wish to model. There have been many studies looking at IPTV (and VOD), which would probably be helpful. However, I guess you're more focused on user behaviour. I know of some studies that, for example, provide insight into channel popularity and channel hopping behaviour. This paper might be a good place to start, as it offers a user model for you: "Elaboration and Formal Description of IPTV User Models and Their Application to IPTV System Analysis" by Abdollahpouri et al.
Another couple of nice paper that gives you a measurement-driven overview are: "Analysis and Characterization of IPTV user behavior" by Yu et al; and "Measurement and Modeling of Video Watching Time for Internet Streaming Systems" by Chen et al.
If you are more interested in the distribution system itself, there are quite a few cool papers looking at this too. For example:
"P2P IPTV Measurement: A Comparison Study" by Silverston et al. and probably the most famous one: "A Measurement Study of a Large-Scale P2P IPTV System" by Hei et al. Hope this helps!
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I've been doing a study on language delay and autism development in children, and their relationship to watching television and the use of electronics. I've made 1000 questionnaires and I have about 200 cases of autism and language delay. I need some references and articles, any ideas?
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In "Does Television Cause Autism?" (NBER Working Paper 12632), researchers Michael Waldman, Sean Nicholson, and Nodir Adilov explore the hypothesis that "a small segment of the population is vulnerable to developing autism because of their underlying biology and that either too much or certain types of early childhood television watching serves as a trigger for the condition."
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Crime news programmes and violence shown on TV, affect the society. To what extent it creates an impact on the crime ratio?
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Very true Theodora and an excellent example Tomy. There is so much information and no way of ensuring that the masses are taking the message that was actually intended rather than otherwise.
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Assessing the credibility and trust factor in terms of viewer's opinion related to shows on TV especially in the news and current affairs category.
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I work in this area. I think I (personally) would need a better definition of 'credibility'? Are you talking "legitimate" displays of visual imagery? The amount of trust individuals place in the accuracy of information presented? The perceived reality of the dialogue?
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Interested to know their role world wide
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Majority are on the wrong track as they instead of being moderators, have become debators and judges.
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Prime time or the any other? Do the majority of youth watch prime time telecast? Do prime time telecasted dramas have the social taboo contents? Social taboo contents in the kind of language, dress, attitude, relations and any other
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Morning transmission is playing very vital tole in shaping the society and prime time transmission is mainly based on agenda setting and achieving targets.9 pm bulletin is also produced keeping in view to capture maximum audience.
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What might be even worse is that even good boys or main heroes usually dont bother with law, for instance court order to put somebody in the jail. Nice example might be "Dexter" for instance.
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Aseerzadi is a popular Pakistani drama that highlights the theme of peers in the our society and how they marry twice and thrice in the name of getting male child who would continue their legacy. I want to inquire which mass communication theory should i apply to analyse the content of the drama?
I aim to identify the theme of the drama and also what are people's opinion about the drama?
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Henna, I don't think that the play cant be considered as being gender biased. For one,it has a very very strong female character in the form of bari Sarkar. Second, the younger lead is a confident, vocal woman who is in control of her life and circumstances. The idea of marrying again and again for a male child is also shown in a very negative light. All in all, I think that the playwrite must be believer in girl power rather than otherwise.
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News channels are supposed to give news, mirror image of society and are supposed to be serious. But increasing number of reenactment crime based shows and even horror shows are making these news channels seem like a circus channel.
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Melodrama, exactly the word i was looking for. News channels are heavily banking on melodrama rather than investigative content like in BBC and CNN.
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For my studies I need to observe and follow up people that are working together in TV journalism projects, but I won't be able to observe their actions directly and personally, since this kind of work is being done at very different places and different times. Should I therefore rely on their self- monitoring?
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Use it as a trial and error method but do not totally rely on it. Try it for a week and monitor the results. Just give it a shot.
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What are the reasons for it?
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With the demise of Pakistani film industry , local drama industry is also facing same threats due to various reasons. Gone were the days when Ahmed Nadeem Qasmi,Noor ul huda shah Amjad Islam Amjad ,Fatima Surriya Bajiya stc wrote excellent dramas and directors Ayub,Khawar,Rashid Dar,Tariq Jameel,Haider Imam Rizvi etc produced dramas with professional techniques.
When we started following blindly Indian dramas ,local industry stopped to production due to media buyers,chaos happened.If story kills or weak,direction can,t alone make it successful.We then started producing dramas on burger class or well off class,although preposition of this class is very low in numbers in Pakistan,drama losses attraction.
Stories that are not linked to our society became part of all major dramas,we also did,t bother to take facility of modern gadgets and depend on same old formula type production due to economic and training problems.
Artists are not also up to the mark like Muhammad Shafi,Sohial Ashar,Agha Nasir,Bushra Ansari,Sakina Samoon so acting and selection of character is also very poor.
Lastly due to failure at economic front ,our media gurus and buyers starts importing dramas with very low price and gaining maximum profits,for example,they buy one episode of famous Turkish dramas in 1 Lac,they get commercial market of almost 15 Lac.
In nut shell,powerful story,accurate selection of characters,training of artists,up the mark production techniques,peaceful environment in KPK,Baluchistan and proper marketing can up lift our industry.
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Please suggest some areas of investigation.
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I want to to give the question a different view. I suggest that every cartoon not produced in the child's homeland may have negative influence on the futures socialization : reason here is the cartoon producers ideologies behind the actions of actors or heroes. If the children repeat the actions in their environment, there is good chance that some those action are not accepted or seen even as a taboo in the society that can cause behavior disorders ( here for I have some personal experiences ).
Therefore the parents must have a look at what their children are watching.
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Is social TV a new kind of online video (TV program, not UGC)? And those online videos are the program from TV?
Is social TV a new kind of TV program which added social media function or other interaction function?
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Dear Yishu Teng, I think that it would be maybe relevant to distinguish between the (English) term or word "television" and the notion of "television".
What I want to stress is the fact that the notion of "television" very typically relies on its specific (historically situated) conception of an audiovisual mass-media; i.e. "television" in its traditional or "standard" sense which implies for instance: a specific type of social organisation, a specific kind of offer and service - the (temporally ordered) programs -; a specific type of economical model, a specific kind of technology and also a specific form of communication (an asymetric "one-to-many" communication).
All these (and other) characteristics don't hold any more in the context of web TV and more particularly of social TV (in the sense of "social media TV"). If you take Netflix or Hulu, one can call them "TV" (you one can use the English word "TV") but the whole conception is different in integrating aspects from the cinema, from the video industry, from digital video libraries or archives, from the interactive entertainment industry, etc. So, it would be maybe more appropriate to create a new word for this new form of media.
Also in other - related sectors - you observe this phenomenon: for instance, to-dat, "digital archives" have become extremely important but if you have a closer look on "digital archives", they are only veryt partially comparable with traditional archives - in their organisatuion, their functions and objectives, their offers and services, etc.
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- What is you point of view with regards to the importance of the audio-visual documentation of the research process and results, applied methods, showing step by step procedures? These details are often and easily surpassed or difficult to explain in writing or show through simple pictures.
- Anything we know has a real value as far as we are able to transmitted it to others. The better we transmit our message, our experimental results and procedure, our knowledge, THE BETTER WE MAKE OURSELVES UNDERSTOOD, the higher value our knowledge has. It is important to have your opinion, researchers from different countries, cultures, disciplines, specialties, professors, students and advisers of all ages.
- Your contribution to ResearchGate (RG) activity / dialog / discussions helps all of us as RG community.
- Please vote this question and member's comments / posts / participation. This encourages other RG members to participate as well.
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Well, this is an intriguing question. For shure everyone agrees that is better showing the results of scientific investigations with the use of visual support. But as a TV, video and multimedia professor and producer, I can add that to link the academic achievements to visual forms will demand specific knowledge of the researchers, since the MM requires precise abilities to do a good job. What I'm sayng is that the MM has a specific langage and methods of construction meanings. The film and videodocumentaires has specific internal "logics" of narratives and methods of going deeper on certains sujects, despite others. As I said, is a intriguing point...