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Article
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Background: Severe-early childhood caries (S-ECC) a global problem of significant concern, commonly manifest on the occlusal, and proximal surfaces of affected teeth. Despite the major ecological differences between these two niches the compositional differences, if any, in the microbiota of such lesions is unknown. Methods: Deep-dentine caries...
Article
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Aim: To evaluate the microleakage and dentin shear bond strength of two glass containing restorative materials, Zirconomer and Cention N, and to compare them with a conventional glass ionomer cement (GIC) (GC Fuji II). Materials and methods: Zirconomer (Shofu) and GC Fuji II (GC Corp.) are self-curing GICs whereas Cention N (IvoclarVivadent) als...
Article
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Introduction: Estimation of age of an individual can be carried out by evaluating the pattern of dental development. Demirjian's grading of tooth calcification is widely used to assess the age of individuals with developing dentitions.The tooth with its developmental stages provides us with a non-invasive modality to estimate the age of the person....
Article
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Abstract Background Preheating is one of several innovative approaches and improvements developed to increase the durability and clinical behavior of resin composites. Development of preheated composites is to reduce its viscosity in order to improve resin composite adaptation and placement ease. The purpose of this clinical trial was to study the...
Article
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Axenfeld–Rieger Syndrome (ARS) is a rare autosomal dominant genetic disease with considerable expressive variability, characterized by ocular and non-ocular manifestations, cardiovascular, mild craniofacial abnormalities and dental malformations. Current data report an incidence of Xenfeld-Rieger syndrome in the population of 1: 200,000. The case d...
Article
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Dental Caries is a kind of chronic oral disease that greatly threaten human being’s health. Though dentists and researchers struggled for decades to combat this oral disease, the incidence and prevalence of dental caries remain quite high. Therefore, improving the disease management is a key issue for the whole population and life cycle management...
Article
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Background This study aimed to evaluate the displacement and stress distribution of mandibular dentition by various positions of the Class II elastics during en-masse retraction in clear aligner therapy. Methods Models including a mandibular dentition (without first premolars), periodontal ligament (PDL), mandible, as well as attachments, aligners...
Article
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Background Since their introduction in orthodontics, clear aligners have been appreciated by patients, including adults, for their comfort and low aesthetic impact. Despite the enormous mobilization of financial resources all over the world aimed at producing new product lines, few clinical studies or high-quality evidence have been produced regard...
Article
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Background For various legal and forensic scenarios, establishing an individual’s age, both living and dead, plays a crucial role. Various morphological, radiographic, and molecular methods can be used for age estimation. In children and adolescents, age estimation is based on the established developmental stages. However, in adults, where the deve...
Article
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Background The Augmented Reality (AR) blends digital information with the real world. Thanks to cameras, sensors, and displays it can supplement the physical world with holographic images. Nowadays, the applications of AR range from navigated surgery to vehicle navigation. Development The purpose of this feasibility study was to develop an AR holo...
Article
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Objective Prospective evaluation of the maxillary canine mobility during retraction using two different force levels over 5 months of retraction. Materials and methods Thirty patients indicated for maximum retraction of maxillary canines with age range of 14.7–18.9 years were included in the study. After complete leveling and alignment and immedia...
Article
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Background Bruxism is defined as repetitive jaw-muscle activity characterized by the grinding and clenching of teeth. The prevalence of bruxism in children is extensive, and it can cause irregularities in dental arches. The study aimed to investigate the presence of any effects of bruxism on maxillary arch length and width in children using three-d...
Article
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Purpose: Tooth extraction and the projection of the tooth roots into the maxillary sinus are reported to greatly reduce the bone height from the alveolar ridge to the maxillary sinus floor, while missing teeth are reported to lead to the expansion of the maxillary sinus, all of which are important considerations during dental implant treatment for...
Article
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Background The dentition of modern humans has evolved from their hominid ancestors to their current form. Factors regarding the changes of lifestyle such as dietary habits and usage of tools have affected the evolution of human dentition. This article aimed to discuss the effect of dietary changes on the evolution of human teeth. An online literatu...
Article
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Background Fluoride has a major role in strengthening the structure of enamel against acids. Despite differences between caries and root resorption processes, both events inherently involve acidic dissolution of dental tissues. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of water fluoridation levels on the surface roughness of root...
Article
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Background The purpose of the current study was to compare the antibacterial activity of silver nanoparticles AgNPs paste and silver nanoparticles AgNPs with curcumin paste as intracanal medications versus calcium hydroxide Ca(OH) 2 paste. Thirty extracted, human teeth with single roots were decoronated and mechanically prepared. After sterilizatio...
Article
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Cracked tooth syndrome (CTS) is an incomplete fracture of a human tooth that commonly arises from chewing hard foods. Although it is a very common syndrome, CTS is often difficult to diagnose owing to the common small size of tooth cracks. Conventional techniques for the detection of cracks, such as transillumination and radiographic methods, are i...
Article
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Magnesium (Mg) alloys are popular in the aerospace and automotive sector owing to their light-weight aspects. Amongst various Mg alloys, AZ91 alloy behaviour under machining has been trending and needs to be completely explored. The selection of optimal machining parameters is an important decision making process to achieve highest quality along wi...
Article
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Background This study aimed to assess the distribution of non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs) by tooth type, investigate the prevalence of NCCLs in patients undergoing orthodontic treatment, and identify the possible associated factors. Material and methods A total of 160 patients were enrolled in this retrospective study. Data on the following v...
Article
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Background This cross-sectional study aimed to compare two clinical approaches based on visual criteria for secondary caries assessments and treatment decisions in permanent posterior teeth. Methods The two clinical visual criteria tested for the assessments of restored teeth were: FDI criteria—based on the caries presence, marginal adaptation and...
Article
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Aim: To evaluate the correspondence between the interproximal reduction (IPR) performed clinically and that programmed in ClinCheck® and further assess which teeth showed an amount of implemented IPR (I-IPR) that corresponds with that programmed in ClinCheck®. Materials and methods: Pre- (T0) and post-treatment (T1) ClinCheck® digital models for...
Conference Paper
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The successful use of dental implants to replace missing teeth has been one of the most "exciting and evolving areas of clinical dentistry"this decade. At a time when esthetic dentistry has gained prominence, permanent solutions such as implants have become optimal esthetic treatment options. While implants have expanded restorative treatment optio...
Article
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The National Database of Health Insurance Claims and Specific Health Checkups of Japan (NDB) is a database including health insurance claim and specific health checkup data. Observational studies using real-world big data attract attention because they have certain strengths, including external validity and a large sample size. This review focused...
Article
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Periodontal tissue regeneration is the ideal tactic for treating periodontitis. Tooth regeneration is the potential strategy to restore the lost teeth. With infinite self-renewal, broad differentiation potential, and less ethical issues than embryonic stem cells, induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) are promising cell resource for periodontal and...
Article
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Large-scale triage after major radiological events, such as nuclear reactor accidents, requires a method of ionizing radiation dose estimation called retrospective biodosimetry (RBD) to detect doses in the range of 0.5–8 Gy. A well-known technique for performing RBD is electron spin resonance (ESR), which can be used to measure radiation-induced pa...
Article
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Purpose of Review Many clinical studies have reported an association between periodontal disease and chronic kidney disease (CKD). This review aims to update the underlying mechanism and the findings of clinical studies. Recent Findings Basic research supports that inflammation might mediate the association between CKD and periodontal disease. Cli...
Chapter
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Definition: A condition in which one or more teeth deviate from the normal in form, function, or position. In order to appreciate and recognize the abnormality, we should know the normal anatomy, morphology and dimensions first, which we have already discussed in the previous chapters. Here we will be briefly discussing the anomalies.The reader sho...
Article
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Background The aim of this study was to evaluate the postbrushing tooth-whitening effect of toothpaste containing hydroxyapatite nanoparticles (nano-HAPs). The impact of the concentration on the whitening performance of nano-HAP toothpaste was also investigated. Methods Two concentrations of nano-HAP (10 wt% and 1 wt%) were incorporated in nonabra...
Thesis
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This study’s purpose was to compare Indian parental perceptions about speech changes seen in their children following premature extractions of maxillary primary incisors (PEMPI) and their Awareness regarding role of primary maxillary incisors in proper speech development of the child. Methods: Parents of healthy 3 to 6-year-old children, with mild,...
Research
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ARTICLE INFO ABSTRACT Aim: The purpose of this study was to identify factors that may motivate children to practice good oral hygiene. Method: children regarding their histories with caries, perceived confidence in brushing, self susceptibility and vulnerability for caries and/or poor oral health, and to practicing oral hygiene. Results: some viewe...
Article
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Imaging is an essential part of endodontic practice, from diagnosis and treatment planning to outcome assessment. For decades, intraoral radiographs are widely used in the eld of endodontics to detect the presence, location and size of periapical lesions. Although this imaging modality provides valuable information it has its own limitations in th...
Article
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Background: Incarcerated individuals usually exhibit high oral health needs than the average population. Several factors contribute to these needs both before incarceration and during the sentence itself. Inmates are a marginalized group, who are at a higher risk for a variety of medical, dental, and emotional disorders than the general population....
Article
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Background: Thalassemia can cause obvious systemic as well as oral health problems so that clinicians must be concerned about the impact of this genetic disorder among those patients. A significant risk of dental cavities and poor oral hygiene can be noted among children with β-thalassemia major. This could be due to that among those patients there...
Article
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In response to the requirement of high vacuum and leakage rate of a small-diameter low-speed device of an enterprise, a double magnet multistage magnetic fluid sealing device is designed by analyzing the advantages and disadvantages of four different vacuum magnetic fluid sealing devices. The Ansys simulation software is used to analyze and calcula...
Article
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Background Melissiodon is a rare cricetid genus endemic to Europe, known from the Early Oligoceneto the Early Miocene. It is usually a very rare find, and even in the few localities where Melissiodon remains are found, those are scarce and fragmentary. Only a few Central European localities have yielded rich remains of the genus. Currently, two spe...
Article
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Objectives The relationship between the number of teeth and sarcopenia remains poorly investigated. Although nutrition plays an important role in maintaining bone and muscle health, the complex relationship between number of teeth and nutrition in the pathogenesis of sarcopenia remains to be elucidated. Methods A large multi-ethnic sample of 4149...
Article
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Background To investigate the anatomic features of three-rooted deciduous mandibular second molars (DMSMs) in Chinese children by using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Methods A total of 247 CBCT scans of Chinese children were selected and retrospectively analyzed. The occurrence, gender and side predilection of three-rooted DMSMs were exami...
Article
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Dental caries is the singled most common chronic childhood disease. In early childhood caries there is early carious involvement and gross destruction of maxillary anterior teeth. This case presents the clinical sequence of rehabilitation of maxillary anterior primary teeth. Endodontic treatment was followed by the placement of a new fibre post, gl...
Article
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Traumatic dental injuries are the main reason behind most dental crises. Due to its placement in the arch and labially proclined nature, maxillary central incisors are thought to be the most vulnerable to crown fractures brought by dental trauma. The horizontal crown fracture, which is more frequently observed, usually affects the maxillary anterio...
Article
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The purpose of this study is to present the treatment of a 26-year-old patient with Class III malocclusion with anterior crossbite using non-surgical interventions and how it improved the patient's esthetic, functional, and oral health. A lower bite plane was constructed and installed, and orthodontic treatment was done to the patient's case of mal...
Article
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Maxillary midline diastema (MMD) is a space seen in between the upper front teeth. Diastema is part of normal development, and this causes a great challenge for practitioners to intervene or not during the early stage. Diastema on maxillary central incisors on a 24-year-old female patient, with crowding on her mandibular incisors was a success usin...
Article
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Ageing leads to loss of teeth, resorp on of the alveolar ridge and lack of muscle tone; thus giving a sunken cheek appearance to the pa ent, which compromises the pa ent's facial esthe cs. Rehabilita ng completely edentulous pa ents should not only be restricted to restoring func on, but should also aim at enhancing the facial esthe cs of the pa en...
Article
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This case report shows how the esthetic rehabilitation of medially deviated anterior dentition with the application of zirconia crowns. The rehabilitation process started with oral examination with an initial impression, then a smile design with gingivectomy to aid the crown lengthening. The following treatment-specific teeth were prepared with an...
Article
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Background: White spot lesions mark the beginning of the carious lesion. They can be seen as chalky white discoloration on the surface of the teeth. This discoloration can cause altered aesthetics and is hence a concern for the patients. The three commonly used treatment modalities for the masking of these lesions is remineralization with CPP-ACP p...
Article
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Background: Anterior crown fractures are a common form of traumatic injury that mainly affects children and adolescents due to their position in the oral cavity especially in the maxillary arch. Traumatic injuries of teeth involve varying degrees of damage to the supporting soft tissues or the teeth itself. Over time numerous techniques and materia...
Article
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Periodontitis is an infectious disease that causes destruction of the tooth-attachment apparatus which if not treated in earlier stages would result in bone loss and later tooth loss. Teeth with deep pockets associated with intrabony defects are challenging to treat depending on the severity of the disease, attachment loss, bone loss and maintenanc...
Article
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Background: Whether to band molars or bond them during Orthodontic treatment has now become a dilemma to many Orthodontists practicing across the country. Both banding and bonding have their pros and cons. The terminal attachments of fixed appliances are placed on molar teeth; most commonly the first permanent molars. These attachments can take the...
Research
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Diastema closure is a frequently requested, technique-sensitive cosmetic procedure. Because of their predictable results and conservation of tooth structure, direct veneers are indicated for the esthetic treatment of anterior teeth with anomalous positions or appearance. The objective of this case report is to highlight the steps in dental rehabili...
Article
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Introduction: Revascularization of necrotic immature permanent teeth is an alternative biological treatment modality to conventional apexification using calcium hydroxide or MTA. Revascularization, as defined by Andreason, is the restoration of the vascularity to a tissue or organ. Revascularization in necrotic immature permanent teeth results in m...
Book
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Complete bleaching review unlike olden days, dentistry in this era has various option to treat the discolored teeth. today dental market is full of various teeth whitening products. But which procedure or technique is suitable to treat which type of discoloration that is big responsibility on dentist's shoulder. therefore proper evaluation of disco...
Article
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Although leopards are found worldwide, the incidence of leopard attack on humans is reported most often from India and Nepal. Usually, leopards avoid contact with people, but humans may occasionally be targeted as prey. Animal bite wounds may express as punctures, abrasions, tears, or avulsions. The force and bluntness of the teeth increase the pro...
Article
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Impaction of permanent teeth is a common phenomenon, but the impaction of a few permanent teeth such as the mandibular first molars is an atypical condition and very few cases have been reported in the literature. The extraction of impacted mandibular first molar requires delicate technique as well as careful management to minimize the risks of inj...
Article
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A beautiful smile enhances the self esteem of the patient. Cosmetically acceptable smile shows aharmonious relationship between the displays of teeth to the gingival tissues. A gummy smile poses a restorative challenge for dentist attempting to achieve ideal esthetics. However with advancement incosmetic dentistry bleaching, bonding, veneering and...
Article
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The rehabilitation of severely fractured teeth is a reasonable issue in restorative dentistry. This article presented a case of a 26-year-old male patient with a fractured maxillary canine. Considerably, the conventional method used for repair of the canine tooth with inadequate coronal structure was achieved consecutively by setting up smile esthe...
Article
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Introduction: To get controlled movement of anterior teeth the present study was used to determine and evaluate the efficiency of the varying positions and heights of power arm (PA) as well as the effect of varying locations of Temporary Anchorage Devices (TADS) on en-masse retraction of maxillary anterior teeth in sliding mechanics by employ...
Article
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Fracture of tooth below the gingival attachment or crest of the alveolar bone presents many restorative challenges. Such fractured teeth often consider hopeless and extracted. A fractured anterior tooth often requires correct diagnosis and thorough treatment planning. Periodontal crown lengthening of such tooth which involves removal of supporting...
Article
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There have been many recent advances in airway management but still dental injuries remains one of the most common anesthesia related adverse events and cause for malpractice litigations against anesthesia providers. The precautions req effective because these techniques involve contact and pressure exerted against maxillary anterior teeth. We desc...
Article
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Alveolar ridge resorption is a common phenomenon after loss of tooth, which changes the geometry of the bone available for placement of dental implant. In the current era often patients urges osseointegrated implants for replacing their missing teeth to the clinician. Lack of bone quantity is the primary reason for avoiding such treatment. The solu...
Article
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Designing a compact transmission system a challenging task. Gear design plays vital role to achieve this task. During gear designing choosing a number of teeth on pinion less than the required will leads to the problems of interference and undercut. The concept of profile shifted gears helps to avoid undercut by keeping the minimum no of teeth less...
Book
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An encompassment of various causes of tooth discoloration, history of bleaching agents, diagnosis and treatment planning with patient selection, various bleaching agents with its chemistry and different methods of bleaching.
Article
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When a tooth has an open apex, endodontic treatment is required to close it. Because calcium hydroxide has its drawbacks, calcium hydroxide cannot be used in all cases. Although Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) has shown to be a viable material for Apexification, the lengthy setting time and poor handling qualities of MTA have raised some concerns....
Article
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Satisfactory rehabilitation in a patient with a partially edentulous arches can be challenging especially when unilateral or bilateral anterior and posterior segment of teeth is missing. Various conventional and contemporary treatment options can be used to render successful treatment outcomes. An attachment-retained cast partial denture is one suc...