Science topic

Teaching Hospitals - Science topic

Hospitals engaged in educational and research programs, as well as providing medical care to the patients.
Filters
All publications are displayed by default. Use this filter to view only publications with full-texts.
Publications related to Teaching Hospitals (10,000)
Sorted by most recent
Article
Full-text available
Background: Altered kidney structure and function is the most important evidence of diabetic nephropathy (DN), also known as diabetic kidney disease (DKD), and is an important cause of permanent renal impairment. Urinary albumin/creatinine proportion and glomerular filtration rate are utilised in ordinary work practise in the Republic of Iraq to de...
Thesis
Full-text available
The current study was conducted at the College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Mosul, and included the cases received to the Teaching Hospital affiliated to the college, as well as some clinical cases received to some veterinary clinics in Nineveh Governorate. The study extended from 15/1/2022 to 15/3/2022 and included an examination 10 cases...
Thesis
Full-text available
The current study was conducted at the College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Mosul, and included the cases received by the teaching hospital affiliated to the college, as well as some clinical cases received by some veterinary clinics in Nineveh Governorate, with confirmation that the cases of the reproductive system or udder were investiga...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Sorafenib is an oral multikinase inhibitor which has been given approval by the United States Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of patients diagnosed with hepatocellular carcinoma and advanced renal cell carcinoma. However, measuring quality of life and patient-reported symptoms may provide further information for evaluatin...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To investigate the relationship between satisfaction with communication and perceived stress, depressive symptoms and perceived social support among family members of critically ill. Research Methodology/Design Exploratory, cross-sectional study was conducted. Setting Private teaching hospital in Santiago, Chile. Main Outcomes Measures...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Weight gain is associated with poor glycaemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes and worsened by resource restrained environment with almost no access to sustainable therapy. In the absence of effective access to health care and medication due to poverty, safer locally available and proven scientific options to manage their health...
Article
Full-text available
ABSTRACT Background Prostate cancer is the second most frequently diagnosed cancer and the sixth leading cause of cancer death in the male worldwide, it include the transformation of normal to benign prostatic hyperplasia and then invasive cancer. Immuno-histochemistry has proven to be a very useful diagnostic tool in the study of this transformati...
Article
Full-text available
Companion is an adult person accompanying the patient during the period of his /her in patient treatment in hospital, either relative or non-relative. Aim: This study performed to assess knowledge and practice of the patient companion during accompanying patient. The study was descriptive cross-sectional hospital based. 130 companions from general...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Background Polypharmacy is a common global health concern in the older population. Deprescribing has been acknowledged as an important aspect of medication use review that helps to reduce polypharmacy, inappropriate medication uses and medication adverse events, thus ensuring medication optimization and improving health-related quality of...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Technological advancements and ease of communicating with and educating patients with kidney failure using various technologies have facilitated the achievement of treatment goals. Objectives: The present study aimed to examine the effect of mHealth training on treatment adherence in hemodialysis patients in Zahedan. Methods: This quasi...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Imposter phenomenon is common among medical trainees and may influence learning and professional development. The authors sought to describe imposter phenomenon among internal medicine residents. Methods In 2020, using emailed invites we recruited a convenience sample of 28 internal medicine residents from a teaching hospital in Balti...
Article
Full-text available
Background The purpose of this study was to assess the metabolic abnormalities in high-risk stone formers. Methods This was a retrospective observational study done at Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Nepal, over 1-year period. High-risk stone formers were identified and were evaluated with serum chemistries and 24-h urinary chemical evalua...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Hypospadias repair is required for the correction of one of the most common congenital anomalies of the urogenital system and the repair is fraught with complications. The aim of study was to evaluate our experience with regards to complications witnessed in children who underwent hypospadias repair. Materials and Methods: This was a re...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Epilepsy is a major public health problem affecting 70 million people worldwide. 90% of global people with epilepsy were living in developing regions like Ethiopia. Due to the lack of clear guidelines for treatment selection and the difficulty of individualizing care in resource-poor settings, achieving seizure control can be challengi...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the attributable patient cost of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in Ghana to provide empirical evidence to make a case for improved AMR preventive strategies in hospitals and the general population. Methods: A prospective parallel cohort design in which participants were enrolled at the time of hos...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To analyse the effects of stretching the muscles of the shoulder before surgery on the functionality of the shoulder after the surgery of mastectomy Study design: An analytical cross-sectional study Place and Duration: This study was conducted at Bibi Asifa Bhutto Dental College SMBB Medical University CMC Teaching Hospital Larkana from...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Most of the dental research has focused on dentist’s perceptions of patients based on their demographic profiles, while little is known about patient’s perceptions of their dentists. Further, there is a lack of data regarding patient preferences in selecting prosthodontists based on gender and age in Nepal. This study aims to investiga...
Article
Full-text available
In the current worldwide health crisis produced by coronavirus disease (COVID-19), researchers and medical specialists began looking for new ways to tackle the epidemic. According to recent studies, Machine Learning (ML) has been effectively deployed in the health sector. Medical imaging sources (radiography and computed tomography) have aided in t...
Article
Full-text available
Existing information on Palliative Care (PC) indicated an increase in development of services in some African countries with Nigeria in top three on specialized care. However, knowledge and skill deficit in PC among health professionals (HP) is a significant barrier to quality treatment of patients with chronic life-threatening diseases. The aim of...
Article
Full-text available
The successful deployment of safe and effective vaccines against coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been crucial in reducing the global disease burden. Owing to the need for vaccination series over time, continuous observational studies are needed to estimate the COVID-19 vaccine response in real-world conditions. In particular, the detection,...
Article
Full-text available
# Background Neonatal hypothermia is a prominent issue in low-resource settings. Preterm and low birth weight (LBW) infants are at increased risk for developing hypothermia. If left untreated, hypothermia can lead to hypoxia, sepsis, hypoglycemia, apnea, and poor weight gain in neonates, contributing to neonatal morbidity and mortality. Identifyin...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: The thyroid imaging and reporting data system (TIRADS) has been routinely used to report thyroid nodules since its introduction in 2017. Similarly, the Bethesda system is a well-validated method used to report the cytopathology of thyroid lesions for over a decade. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlations between these...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Objective: To investigate six virulence genes in clinical isolates of pseudomonas aeruginosa collected from tertiary care hospitals. Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted from December 2014 to June 2016 at the Centre of Biotechnology and Microbiology, University of Peshawar, Pakistan and comprised pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates...
Article
Full-text available
Background Hospital physician workforce in Japan is the lowest among developed countries. Many patients with novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) with high risk of mortality could not be hospitalized during case surges in Japan and only about 5% of total acute care beds were used as COVID-19 beds nationwide. However, the relationship between t...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to determine whether or not adding intrathecal tramadol to bupivacaine for lower limb procedures increased the duration of analgesia and decreased the mean post-operative opioid intake. This research was carried out between June 1 and November 30, 2022, in the Department of Anaesthesiology at Aziz Bhatti Shaheed Teachi...
Article
Full-text available
Background Many of the pediatric health care workers (HCWs) suffered from sleep disturbance, anxiety, and potential stress disorder during the COVID-19 pandemic. Work-related stress is a potential cause of concern in HCWs and is associated with decreased job satisfaction, anxiety, depression, medical errors, and near misses. This study aims to inve...
Article
Full-text available
Pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) has wide spectrum of symptoms and signs due to the aberrant function of the pelvic floor muscles and other supportive structures with which it interacts. The symptoms of PFD typically have a negative impact on a person's QOL. Unfortunately, most of the symptomatic patients do not seek medical opinion. We have conducte...
Article
Full-text available
Background: One of the basic steps in improving the quality of health programs is to evaluate it from the viewpoint of beneficiaries. SERVQUAL is a model that is very effective in evaluating the quality of services. Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess viewpoint of clinical teachers and medical students about the quality of educational s...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of oral triclofos (TRI), intranasal midazolam (INM), and intranasal dexmedetomidine (IND) in achieving successful sedation in children undergoing MRI. This open-label, three-arm, randomized trial was conducted in a tertiary care teaching hospital over 18-month period. Children scheduled for MRI...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Biomedical waste poses a great risk of infection and damage. Improper waste management could have major public health repercussions. Medical students are exposed to various biomedical wastes during their training in the hospital. Their lack of awareness about biomedical waste management is hazardous to their health and the health of oth...
Article
Full-text available
Suicide attempts by poisoning and other means: distinguishing characteristics REUE | Original OBJETIVOS. Identificar posibles diferencias en los intentos de suicidio en función del uso de tóxicos u otros métodos, describir po-sibles factores predictivos de utilización de un método toxicológico y determinar los tóxicos más utilizados. MATERIAL Y MÉT...
Article
Full-text available
Adult bowel obstruction (BO) is an infrequent presentation to a surgical casualty. Out of all BOs the large bowel obstruction (LBO) is relatively uncommon. LBO is associated with comparatively higher mortality rate, which further increases with delay in intervention. A LBO due to intussusception is even extremely rare. An intussusception is diagnos...
Article
Full-text available
Background Tigecycline is licensed for use in complicated intra-abdominal and complicated skin and soft tissue infections and is listed in seven guidelines at our large teaching hospital trust. Tigecycline is also used when advised by microbiology or infectious diseases. A drug safety update was published by the Medicines and Healthcare products Re...
Article
Full-text available
In this retrospective comparative case series at a teaching hospital, we reviewed adult patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment who underwent scleral buckling surgery with external drainage of subretinal fluid performed before versus after placement of the scleral buckle. Eight eyes in each group were roughly matched for age, sex, baseline...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Workplace-based assessment (WBA) is a key requirement of competency-based medical education in postgraduate surgical education. Although simulated workplace-based assessment (SWBA) has been proposed to complement WBA, it is insufficiently adopted in surgical education. In particular, approaches to criterion-referenced and automated asses...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Caesarean section is among the commonest performing procedures worldwide. Its rate is steadily increasing, and its indications is expanding despite the increased morbidity and mortality over the vaginal delivery. Objectives: The aim of this is study is to study the maternal and fetal outcome of emergency caesarean section also the study...
Article
Full-text available
Starting in 2019, the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has lasted 3 years and will likely continue to affect the lives of people all over the world. According to a United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) survey, more than 91% of students from all over the world have been affected by the spread of COVID-19. The application...
Article
Full-text available
Background Stroke is the second leading cause of death worldwide, with the highest mortality rates in low- to middle-income countries, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. We aimed to investigate the predictors of 30-day mortality among patients with stroke admitted at a tertiary teaching hospital in Northwestern Tanzania. Methods This cohort study...
Article
Full-text available
Prior to COVID-19, dengue was an important public health problem in Malaysia. Due to the movement control order imposed by the Malaysian government to curb the COVID-19 transmission, a study predicted that mosquito-borne diseases would increase during lockdown and partial lockdown seasons. Thus, this study aims to determine the current situation of...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objective: Dietary selenium (Se) deficiency is associated adverse pregnancy outcomes. We sought to determine the feasibility of: (1) assessing dietary Se consumption via administration of a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) to pregnant women attending the antenatal clinic of Korle Bu Teaching Hospital (KBTH) in Accra, Ghana and (2) quantifying tot...
Research
Full-text available
Objective: This study aimed to estimate the incidence rate and determine the possible associated factors for postoperative sore throat following surgery conducted under general anesthesia using endotracheal intubation. Methods: Hospital-based prospective observational study design was conducted from June to September 2018 in the referral hospitals...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Colostomy closure is an operation frequently performed in surgical practice, despite its benefits, it can produce significant morbidity and mortality. We have focused on the complications related to this surgery in regard to the closure technique and the optimal time for stoma closure and on the proper wound management in the postoper...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Many physicians and other healthcare professionals have jobs at medical colleges and universities, and their job description include instruction and lecturing. In addition, many board-certified physicians are working in university and teaching hospitals have the responsibility of teaching physicians in their residency training. Therefor...
Article
Full-text available
Information is a very important aspect in our day-today activities to ensure effective communication. As result of this, Information Communication Technology plays a great role to guarantee efficient and effective communication within and among different institutions and organizations. In response to this, each organization/institution strives to m...
Article
Full-text available
Background Despite not being frequently recognized, malnutrition, a consequence of chronic kidney disease, negatively affects morbidity, mortality, functional activity, and patient’s quality of life. Management of this condition is made more difficult by the dearth of knowledge regarding the symptom burden brought on by inadequate nutritional statu...
Article
Full-text available
Information is a very important aspect in our day-today activities to ensure effective communication. As result of this, Information Communication Technology plays a great role to guarantee efficient and effective communication within and among different institutions and organizations. In response to this, each organization/institution strives to m...
Article
Full-text available
Background: In hospital, doctors have to deal with emergencies and challenging situations. Effective communication often empowers them to manage those situations tactfully. Hence it is very important to assess the professional communication skills of young doctors of the public sector teaching hospitals. Objective: To determine the quality of profe...
Article
Full-text available
A retrospective observational study was performed to assess the relationship between diagnostic method (traditional work-up [TW], multiplex PCR panel with < 12 target pathogens [PCR < 12], or multiplex PCR panel with ≥ 12 target pathogens [PCR12]), and diagnostic yield, health care resource use (HRU), and cost in adult outpatients visiting U.S. hos...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Recommended vaccinations are the cheapest and most effective measure to reduce the risk of transmission and related complications, especially in high-risk healthcare settings. This study aimed to evaluate the knowledge, attitudes and behaviours of HCWs in relation to national recommendations. Methods: A transversal study was conducte...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The outbreak of a new coronavirus in China in 2019 (COVID-19) caused a global health crisis. Objectives: This study was performed to investigate the effect of different underlying diseases on mortality in patients with COVID-19. Methods: This retrospective cohort study was performed on COVID-19 patients admitted to the Shahid Rahimi and...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To assess the in-hospital mortality of acute stroke and determinant factors in a teaching hospital in eastern Ethiopia. Method A retrospective review of medical records of patients admitted to Hiwot Fana Specialized University Hospital was conducted. Adult patients aged 18 years and older with a diagnosis of either ischemic or hemorrhagi...
Article
Full-text available
India contributes to approximately one-third of total global tuberculosis (TB) and one-fourth of all Multi-Drug Resistant TB (MDR-TB) burden respectively. The First National drug resistance survey (2014-16) showed MDRTB rates of 6.19% overall and 2.14% in newly diagnosed TB cases. With the above problem of primary drug resistance among newly diagno...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The incidence of candidemia in severe COVID-19 patients (0.8-14%) is two- to ten-fold higher than in non-COVID-19 patients. Methods: This retrospective analysis aimed to analyse the incidence of bloodstream infections (BSI) due to Candida in a cohort of COVID-19 patients supported with ECMO. Results: Among 138 intubated and ventila...
Article
Full-text available
Anticipatory grief leads to a highly stressful and conflicting experience among caregivers of patients with terminal cancer. Nurses lack the competency to assess and manage the caregivers’ psychological problems, which in turn affects the caregivers’ quality of life. A scale assessing the anticipatory grief counseling competency among nurses is una...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: We sought to determine whether the delta neutrophil index (DNI), a marker that is reported to be used to predict the diagnosis, prognosis, and disease severity of bacteremia and sepsis, is useful in differentiating bacterial infection without bacteremia (BIWB) from viral infections (VI) in pediatric febrile patients in the emergency d...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) inhibitors are associated with good overall survival (OS) for ALK-positive metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, these treatments can be unavailable or limited by financial constraints in developing countries. Using data from a nationwide lung cancer registry, the present study aimed to i...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Sickle cell anaemia (SCA) causes numerous acute and chronic complications, which can result in significant morbidity and mortality. Hydroxyurea (HU) therapy in individuals with SCA is associated with a reduction in disease severity.
Article
Full-text available
Background: Since declaring coronavirus disease 19 as a pandemic by the World Health Organization, a great concern was directed toward pregnant women and their fetuses. Despite the substantial impact of COVID-19 disease on pregnancy, there is a scarcity of national researches discussing this important issue. Objectives: To study the relationship be...
Article
Full-text available
Objective The relationship between the care of patients with COVID-19 and mental health among resident physicians in Japan is imperative for ensuring appropriate care of patients with COVID-19 and should be clarified. We herein assessed the relationship between the care of patients with COVID-19 and mental health among postgraduate year 1 (PGY-1) a...
Article
Full-text available
OBJECTIVES: This study was focused to evaluate the effect of the practice of Yoga exercises on the signs and symptoms of overweight and obesity. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Thirty subjects diagnosed as overweight or obesity were randomly selected from the Gampaha Wickramarachchi Ayurvedic Teaching Hospital, Gampaha, Sri Lanka, and they were treated with...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The objective of this study was to determine the sero-prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection and associated risk factors among pregnant women in the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Nigeria. Methods: A cross-sectional study involving two hundred and eighty-eight (288) pregnant women who gave informed consent was done. Q...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the established positive benefits, LMICs’ adoption of the WHO Surgical Safety Checklist (SSC) is inadequate, with as little as 20% use. This study assessed the utilization and beliefs that drive the non-utilization of the WHO SSC among surgical providers at Korle Bu Teaching Hospital (KBTH) in Accra, Ghana. A cross-sectional study was condu...
Article
Full-text available
The study assessed the help-seeking preferences for depression and anxiety among women undergoing infertility treatment in Southwestern Nigeria. The study adopted a cross-sectional design with purposively selected samples of 546 respondents receiving infertility treatment from three tertiary hospitals (University College Hospital, Ibadan, Oyo State...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To assess knowledge about placenta previa among women of reproductive age in our community. Methodology: This descriptive cross-sectional study was done in Department of obstetrics and gynecology, Mosul Teaching Hospitals. Data were collected by interviewing 208 women of reproductive age. A detailed questionnaire was used and consisted o...
Article
Full-text available
The Interleukin-13 (IL-13) is a component of the innate immune system that is primarily produced by Th2 cells and is found in high concentrations in skin lesions of atopic dermatitis. The study comprised 90 people of both genders, 45 of whom were patients who attending to Al-Nassirya teaching Hospital, Dermatology, during a period between November...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Hospital services in all parts of the world were severely affected by the crisis caused by the Coronavirus pandemic. This was particularly concerning for patients who suffer from chronic diseases. Aim: This study aims to assess the quality and accessibility of chronic disease services, it examines the association of socio-demographic fa...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives We sought to characterise the role of hospital infection pharmacists in the UK and to understand the core challenges being faced, future role development desires and the required support to address these. Methods We developed a questionnaire underpinned by the theoretical domains framework exploring the barriers and enablers to pharmaci...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Generally, in practical dermatology, the term artifacts is used to describe what is called pathomimia which means self-inflicted lesions or that lesions induced accidentally on oral mucosa and skin. Regarding dermatopathology, the word, 'artefact' comes from the Latin term, 'Ars' = art and 'factum' = made. This study evaluates types of...
Article
Full-text available
The eyelid has four layers: skin and the subcutis, orbicularis oculi muscle, tarsal plates (one in each eyelid) and the conjunctiva. Tumors can arise from any of these and can range from non-neoplastic masses to neoplasms that include benign tumors, premalignant conditions and malignancies. The malignant tumors are of different histologic types dep...
Article
Full-text available
Background: All general radiographic images must always display a correct permanent anatomical side marker (ASM). However, literature reports a decline in the use of permanent ASMs in digital radiography (DR). The ASM has been reported as one of the most common sources of error in radiography of which some have resulted in performing wrong-site sur...
Article
Full-text available
Background: A dental implant is an artificial root inserted surgically in the process of single or multiple teeth replacements. This study aims to evaluate the awareness, knowledge, and approval of dental implant treatments among dental patients in our hospital. Materials and Methods: This was a cross‑sectional study conducted among 442 adult pati