Questions related to Tax
Hi! Trust this message meets you well. I am currently doing a research on the effect of tax amnesty on the tax compliance behavior of Nigerian taxpayers. As a result, I would require your help as you take some minutes to fill this online questionnaire. It is purely for research purpose and all information provided will be treated with utmost confidentiality. Please use the link below to proceed to the google form (use chrome preferably) Thank you for your time. https://forms.gle/J2kCRPXfsuzS4oReA
Tax cuts to the rich is the prefer idea on how to promote and expand economic growth in supply side economics despite knowing it does not work as expected. Yet, this policy is usually the first choice in supply side run democracies like in the USA or now the UK when supply side promoters are in power.
Any policy that worsens inequality should be expected in practice to negatively affect economic growth as under extreme inequality or worsening inequality the traditional trickle down should be expected to be mute or not to work as intended. And this raises the question, tax cuts to the rich and the embudo effect, is that why the trickled down effect does not work as intended?
What do you think?
I see several studies on optimal tax audit that assume the revelation principle (Myerson, 1981) on a tax game. The conventional tax game refers to a taxpayer who has a true income (private information) and reports a taxable income for a tax agency. The taxpayer has incentives to report a taxable income which is lower than the true income, so to pay less taxes. If the tax agency caches the taxpayer in a probable audit, the tax agency observes the true income, requires the payment of the full tax plus a fine over the evaded taxes. In this case, the taxpayer problem is to maximise the expected net income after taxes. The tax agency problem is to design a policy to maximise tax revenues subjected to costly audits, over the full population of taxpayers. Everything fine up to now.
Nonetheless, for the analysis of the tax agency problem, several studies declare that they assume the classical revelation principle by Myerson (1981), so to simplify the analysis. For example, on the study of Border and Sobel (1987) entitled Samurai Accountant: A Theory of Auditing and Plunder, they state (page 526 of the study):
"Without loss of generality we can restrict attention to incentive compatible direct revelation schemes, i.e. those in which the agent truthfully announces his wealth and makes a payment (which for convenience we will call a tax) based on his announcement to the principal and the principal chooses the probability of auditing based on reported wealth."
This whole sentence does not make so much sense for me: if the tax policy is equivalent to a direct revelation scheme that makes the taxpayer report truthfully, true income and reported income are the same (Nash equilibrium), so tax audits would be unnecessary. At the same time, we know that tax audits are necessary, for the taxpayers would have strong incentives to evade if there are no tax audits. In this case, I understand that the tax policy is not equivalent to a direct revelation scheme, so the revelation principle would not be applicable to this case.
So, what am I missing here?
If yes or if you are interested in this question, I would like to have a chat.
I have been working on this question for a long time. Most of us already know that the first best solution to externalities revolving car driving does not involve registration taxes. Taxing cars instead of driving would thus have distortive effects.
I believe we might be undermining this distortion. I believe that when you take into account long run decision making often not accounted for in welfare models, the distortion is even bigger. Long run decision making such as people's decisions of where to live, firm's decisions on where to locate, and the resulting developmental decisions about where and how densely to build.
I have the hypothesis that if a government is given the choice between using registration (fixed cost) taxes and gas/kilometre (variable cost) taxes on driving, while holding revenue from these taxes constant, the variable cost choice would cause the city to be built more densely over time than the fixed cost choice. (Over time since rome wasn't built in a day).
First attempt was in my Master's thesis, where I used a monocentric city model with Cobb-Douglas utility and two travel modes. I was able to show that reducing the fixed tax and increasing the variable tax holding revenue constant indeed did make the city smaller. It also reduced the total amount of kilometers driven in cars (despite more people owning cars since they got cheaper) because people lived closer to the centre. I also showed that when you held the city shape constant in this proces, the total kilometers from the same change increased because the decisions didn't show in people's movement choices.
I have later come to realise that there are some flaws with my model, and have since worked on an improved model with log-linear demand utility with just the one mode (the car). It has proven to be a big technical challenge for me.
I have also tried empirical methods. I have a dataset of 100 cities worldwide and across developmental levels. This includes variables such as vehicle cost per kilometre, yearly capital cost per car, yearly driven kilometres in cars, commuting time, commuting distance, and 100 other variables. And have been looking at a model that measures the effect of variable costs and fixed costs on kilometres driven in cars (controling for gdp per capita for metropolitan areas) to see which has the biggest effect, but apart from obvious endogeneity issues, I also am not really able to show through which mechanism there might be an effect (whether it is indeed due to how the city is developed differently), but the model does indeed show that registration taxes are insignificant and that variable taxes are not.
I could use some brainstorming with other researchers interested in the same question. If you're interested in having a discussion about it in any way, please let me know.
My understanding is that income taxes discourage earning. When income taxes are increased, people discourage to earn more, which negatively affects national income and finally social welfare. Reducing indirect tax therefore can increase national income and as a trickle-down effect will reduce poverty.
I am trying to run a regression in which one of the independent variables is the "corporate tax" rate, which is expressed in percentages. How should interpret any change of that variable? For instance, at the moment, the corporate tax rate in country X is 16%. How should verbalize if for example, the corporate tax decreases to 15%? Also, since i have percentages, should i transform my regression in a log-regression?
I am using Step One real-time instrument and the Green master mix with ROX.
Thank you all
I am busy with my Masters and i am on a hold of of government tax data that i can use for building machine learning models . Any tax product is ok.
We have conducted behavioural quasi-experiment on tax compliance in city of Prievidza (Slovakia, 50 thousand inhabitants) - sending reminders to debtors (one with social norm one with public good frame). Can you recommend any journal (WoS)? Thanks
I have annual data for the last 10 years on municipal revenues and expenditures for all Brazilian municipalities. My idea would be, for example, to show that there is no significant correlation between the increase in the collection of a certain tax and the increase in spending on education.
- Do I need to make a linear regression model even if I have no interest in predicting the future value of one of the variables?
- Would a simple dot plot containing the data for all these years be enough to prove it? (in which the axes would have the two variables analyzed).
- Can I include the values for all years on the same chart and deflate them so that there are no distortions due to rising prices? (there would be no distortions in the correlation itself, but in the position of the points)
Thanks in advance!
I would like to know the Impact of expenditure relief to minimize the tax liability of an individual.
I expect your insightful views on this.
The green tax is one of the tools used in directing policies to preserve the environment and achieve sustainable development, but it faces some obstacles in practical application. In order to confront these obstacles, they must be correctly diagnosed to find ways to address
Recently, the issue of creating carbon polygons has been discussed on the climate agenda. Sometimes it is connected with political moments. Thus, Russia's "green" image suffers greatly due to the alleged large amount of greenhouse gas emissions by industrial enterprises, while the depositing capacity of local natural communities is underestimated. One of the tasks of carbon polygons is to show the objective state of affairs, to prove that our nature provides carbon sequestration in a larger volume than foreign colleagues believe.
A cross-border carbon tax is planned to be introduced in the European Union from 2023. It is assumed that enterprises exporting products and having a significant carbon footprint will be required to pay tax on their products. The amount of tax will be significant and may make the products of enterprises exporting products uncompetitive.
The creation of carbon polygons is a large, ambitious and serious project at the national level. Landfills should create methodological support for studying the carbon balance, calculate the volume and rate of carbon accumulation in various natural communities and develop technologies for monitoring runoff and greenhouse gas emissions on this methodological basis.
How is this problem solved around the globe?
Once the Democrats in the U.S. won the Presidency, they increased corporate, personal income, and other taxes significantly. Is this because the Democrats as a left-wing did so because of their ideology, or they acted upon the circumstances where the Government more than ever before needs the resources to reorient economic development?
The Tobin tax is a tax on financial transactions, whether the sale of shares, currency transactions or financial derivatives, which was proposed with the purpose of avoiding speculative movements. The origin of this tax comes from 1971, when this rate, which receives the name of the Nobel Prize for Economics, James Tobin, was only intended to tax and control the speculative movements of foreign currency from a fiscalizing rather than a collection aspect.
Why do we need to file Tax returns while all financial transactions are available to the Authorities? Now with digitalization and low cash-based transactions, the time has come to move on Transactional level taxation with different tax rates?
The Nigerian Value Added Tax Rate had been increased from 5% to 7.5%. The rate of inflation in the country had also increased. Do you think that increment in the VAT rate in Nigeria will enhance economic growth in the country?
Value Added Tax, in many countries, is the first source of tax revenue for government. But on the other hand, constitutes a burden for the consumer. Based on this, what do you think would be an efficient VAT rate that can ensure revenues for the government while at the same time will not heart the consumption and the economy?
Good day to all Prof and Dr.
I am seeking papers, articles, journals, or a thesis related to this topic/area.
"Corporate governance and tax compliance."
For a long time, in order to provide justice, it was considered that income tax should be collected over net income. However, companies operating internationally have unfairly reduced their net income by using tax havens. In micro terms, individuals can reduce their net income by using fake bills. This situation causes that net income taxation which applying for justice produces injustice. Because those who declare their earnings honestly pay more taxes than others.
Recently, it is planned to make low-rate taxation on net income in the Digital Service Tax, which is tried to be applied in the EU. Because companies subject to digital service are companies that reduce their net income by using tax havens. The EU rightly considers taxing gross earnings on these companies, because they undeservesly reduces its net income through transfer pricing.
My question is, would it be fairer to tax all income taxes on gross earnings? Because unfair reduction of net income is not only a method applied by international companies. Every taxpayer who does not act honestly wants to unfairly reduce his net income by using fake bills or other methods. Consequently, wouldn't it be more correct for everyone to pay lower tax on their gross earnings?
Hi, I would like to confirm on something. Is the theory for tax compliance similar between individual and corporate tax?
Because I saw TRA and TPB are the theories to be used to measure behaviour of individual taxpayer.
Can anyone give me some advice on this.
Thank you for your kind help.
I am using tax revenue (in the percentage of GDP) as an independent variable and institutional variables are the dependent variable. Can you please suggest a good/valid IV for my independent variable?
How can the social security system and the tax burden of business activities affect entrepreneurship and innovation on a national basis?
In my opinion, entrepreneurship develops effectively and becomes more and more competitive if the state creates the right conditions for entrepreneurs. First of all, low tax burden and low costs of contributions to the social insurance system. Contributions to the social security system should be adapted to the situation of running a business and the level of income.
On the other hand, there are countries in which the very fact of establishing a business entails the need to pay taxes and high premiums for the social security system even when real economic activity is not carried out and / or does not bring any or very low income and no profits. Such unfriendly tax and business activity systems operate in some countries.
Paradoxically, in some countries, taxes and contributions to the social security system, mainly micro-enterprises, are most heavily burdened with taxes. Paradoxically, micro-enterprises are often the source of new business solutions, innovations, start-up startups, and they are the source of entrepreneurship.
In some countries, the contributions paid by entrepreneurs to micro-enterprises for the social insurance system are fully voluntary and this has not led to a collapse and crisis in the state's public finance system in these countries. Some of the countries in which these contributions are voluntary are rich, developed countries in which entrepreneurship and innovation are effectively developing.
On the other hand, those countries in which these contributions to the social insurance system are compulsory and regardless of the economic situation, regardless of the generated profits, earnings and whether they actually conduct business activity in real terms, the public finance situation is not the best. What do you think about it? What is your opinion on this matter?
In the context of the above issues, I am asking you the following question:
How can the social security system and the tax burden of business activities affect entrepreneurship and innovation on a national basis?
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
The traditional Tax Systems have a wide potential of externality´s corrections directed to make possible the development of circular economy and green markets. Which circumstances make optimum the impact point of taxes inside green business? What kind of elements is sufficient condition to use the extra fiscal dimension of taxes? The last questions explain, in part, the main objective of this paper: support the selective incentives as favorable category for the develop of circular economy and green markets, all of them starting on the Tax System postulates, this allows find the equilibria point for the implementation of an optimums theoretical proposal.
I am currently preparing for my MSc dissertation in Marketing and looking for help in choosing my research topic as I don't know where to begin. There are some ideas around like the impact of sudden increases of value-added tax on consumer behaviour. However, I feel that this topic is 'dull' . Any recommendation is highly appreciated.
I am trying to analyze cost of desalinated water (LCOW) collectively for a few regions in California using a solar desalination technology. Treating this as a system to be actually producing water for real consumption, I would like to apply all possible incentives such as rebates, tax credits or tax deductions and any other incentive available at state and federal level, as a public utility (small scale desalination plant <100 m3/day).
I found 20% rebates for solar thermal technology and solar PV but nothing on solar / renewable desalination plant. Can anyone please share available materials that I can add to cost models for more accurate picture of cost of water produced?
Unethical practices in business constitute a negative aspect of business processes and often generate additional costs for contractors and consumers. On the other hand, the scale of the gray market in the national economy is often correlated with the level of fiscal burdens and the quality of legal regulations regarding the commencement of business activities.
The high share of shadow economy in various branches of the national economy is also lower income from taxes and fees to the central state budget and to local budgets of local government units.
High fiscal burdens and imprecisely formulated legal regulations regarding running a business activity apart from generating a high level of gray economy in the economy may also be a source of unethical practices used in business between contractors or between producers and suppliers of products and services and consumers.
The large scale of the shadow economy in the national economy and the applied unethical practices in business is one of the key factors in the imperfections of the country's economic system.
According to the above, the current question is: Does the scale of occurrence of unethical practices in business correlate with the size of the shadow economy in national economies?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
Hello, if you can suggest me a research idea in the emirical part of my doctoral thesis, with the FINANCIAL-ACCOUNTING INFORMATION SYSTEM - AN ESSENTIAL SOURCE IN DETECTING AND COMBATING TAX FRAUD. Thank you very much!
Daily stock price data. Daily trading volume. Annual Dividends. Tax rates on capital gains and dividend. Ex dividend dates.
Good afternoon, my dear friends and colleagues.
As part of my research, I want to ask you a question: what state support for small business is the most important?
-Financial (state subsidies for starting a business, providing soft loans, state guarantees for creating and developing an enterprise, financing investment, innovative projects, etc.)
-Property (state and local governments create modern business incubators and techno-parks in which small enterprises can develop, the state transfers its property, premises, land, equipment for temporary or permanent use to entrepreneurs, leasing is offered on favorable terms)
-Information (the state creates resources (sites or information stands) for the exchange of business information, general information distribution systems, organizes information seminars and advertising stands, industry and intersectoral exhibitions, at which potential partners can find suppliers and buyers)
-Educational (the state develops special educational programs aimed at developing entrepreneurship skills for various segments of the population, creates conditions and programs for improving professional knowledge in the field of conducting and managing a business, and organizes training seminars and lectures)
-Consulting (the state creates and maintains centers providing consulting services on organizing, promoting development and particularities of doing business, and also compensates entrepreneurs for the costs of services of such organizations)
Legislative (the state simplifies legislation and reduces the number of procedures for registering an enterprise, reduces and simplifies the tax and administrative burden (reduces the number of forms and types of reporting), introduces preferential tax treatment for small and medium-sized enterprises).
Below is a link to my research. If it's not difficult for you, fill it out, please, it's very important!
Business in informality can be caused by factors such as the facilitating business environment, tax rates, forms of consumption by buyers, lack of administrative knowledge, complexity of the business, among others.
What other factors or which of these do you consider more relevant to carry out an investigation?
The question is not my expertise but relevant to our society. To bring down the vehicle crowding on the roads, is it good to keep a taxing system which taxes the person according to the surface area of the vehicle he uses everyday? if so, it will bring down the vehicle crowding on the road which will pave way for emergencies like ambulance etc.
I am looking for any opportunity to explore any tax issues/matters relating to the gig economy. Perhaps, some of you might be giving some thoughts here. Thanks in advance.
Aussie Ltd has decided to sell a new line of golf clubs. The club will sell for $700 per set and have a variable cost of $340 per set. The company has spent $150,000 for a marketing study that determined the company will sell 46,000 sets per year for seven years. The marketing study also determined that the company will lose sales of 12,000 sets of its high-priced clubs. The high-priced clubs sell at $1100 and have variable costs of $550. The company will also increase sales of its cheap clubs by 20,000 sets. The cheap clubs will sell for $300 and have variable costs of $100 per set. The fixed costs each year will be $8,000,000. The company has also spent $1,000,000 on research and development for the new clubs. The plant and equipment required will cost $16,100,000 and will be depreciated on a straight line basis. The new clubs will also require an increase in net working capital of $900,000 and that will be returned at the end of the project. The tax rate is 30%, and the cost of capital is 14%. Required Calculate the Payback Period and Net Present Value followed by your recommendations.
Existing tax havens, to which many companies from different countries transfer their fictitious or real offices to avoid tax system functioning in a given country is now a seriously global problem. Internationally operating large companies that achieve high profits thus avoid paying taxes and then governments to balance the budgets of countries raise taxes for the population, which usually earns little. In this way, in many countries, the middle class since the 1960s was significantly deprived while 1 percent. The most-earning citizens in developed and developing countries have the majority of goods that modern economies are equipped with. The liberalization and deregulation in economic and financial systems since the 1970s, instead of generating a diversification in income, has increased this diversity. Even the last global financial crisis of 2008, generated mainly by violations of investment banking procedures, significantly contributed to the diversification of income between the middle class and the highest earners class. Unfortunately, instead of improving the functioning of investment banking, it was possible to continue the development of these entities according to the standards from before the global financial crisis.
In view of the above, the current question is: Is the escape of large companies to tax havens a problem for public finances of the state?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
A friend seeking to get the article was surprised by the financial disclosure but, as with me, did not know how to remove that part. Ted Marmor
ICT has affected almost each and every area of business world. It has also assisted Govt. to curb tax evasion to a large extent. In manual records, it was not very easy to track the records,it is not so that manual record keeping was not efficient, but when we compare it with digital record keeping, then really manual record keeping seems to be less efficient,as far as retrieval of data is concerned. Moreover, various modes like eTDS, eTCS,e Filing of Income Tax Returns have really made tax payment by assessees, and in that way,Govt has also been able to expand its tax base by creating a large pool of satisfied tax payers. Let us share the experiences, benefits,issues,challenges the taxation has faced in ICT Environment.
Under modern economies, the tax plays a vital role in financing the general budget of the State and there are many indicators that can be used to direct policies through the State budget to achieve reform in the tax system to achieve budgetary objectives in finance and achieve economic and social goals
Tax reform is a crucial step in mobilizing revenue in developing countries. However, it is not a easy agenda to be implemented because of political and social challenges.
The Problem Statement that may solve issues like land disputes, poor sanitary and water services (in general, utility services), and low tax collection by local councils in the small Trading Centers
I Need papers of pionier authors on my field of research: Tax policy and growth in west african countries
- These papers will help me to presente thoretical framework of my research;
- To presente pionier authors in the thesis
Many people think that a progressive tax system is unfair and encourages parasitism, if it is true than why almost all developed countries have one?
Turkey has enacted Law No. 7194 with the DST. This Tax aiming digital business like Alphabet, Facebook and online retailers. The Tax rate ise 7.5 over revenue. So actual rate of Tax much more higher. Because revenue basis taxes cannot deduct expenses from revenue. Is this rate too high? European Council also proposes DST (which eventually digital advertising tax) which rate %3 over revenue. Notwithstanding this rate criticised because of excess rating. So Turkey's DST also criticised much more for excess rating.
Will the voters, landowners, tax payers be citizens of India? Lots of illiterate public have no documents, some people lost their documents due to fire, flood, and other issues. Existing rules are also very difficult to prove citizenship. Suppose a baby born on 1990 in India will not be a citizen of India by birth if his parents failed to prove their citizenship.
Discuss difficulties to determine citizens of India,
I would like to have access to the data values of the various tax policies, that is, corporate income tax, VAT tax, income tax, property tax, excise tax and goods and services tax.
Also, the data values of the GDP to represent the economic growth of the various Sub - Saharan African Countries, all the data should be preferably for at least the last five (5) years.
I'm doing an ICE combustion tutorial module following the guide of developers. I set everything same with the guide. But somehow, i met this problem many times when fluent run into some impotant time steps like injecting time. i'm wonderring about the quality of mesh, is it good enough? i created the mesh by workbench's meshing automatically (following the guide). Please give me a solution for this problem
How effective is the tax regime implementation in developing nations? Do the above tax only benefit capitalism people and business? Which of the above tax most effective in sharing economy for household income between the line of the poverty level? Which of the above tax regime effective in combating corrupt government? To what extent, the tax regime has genuinely prospered the nation's economy and reducing poverty by zero per cent in a developed or in the developing nation? Is there any government in this world survive without enforcing the tax regime. Last but not least, what kind of questions most used by the researchers to conduct a study on the economic impact on household income, spending, quality of life due to tax regime enforcement by the government?
Logically, in life we heard statement in TV, Radio or Social Media that claimed the human economic status (income, savings, price and etc) made people to behave unethically (buying illegal goods, involve in illegal consumption and etc).
Theoretically, economic influence in this discussion refer to all factors that influence individual purchase/use decision for example disposable income (Chen et.al, 2010), product price and tax (Martinez et. al, 2018).
But are there any researches investigate this connection?
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on Monday approved a payout of Rs 1.76 lakh crore to the government from its surplus and reserves, after an expert committee chaired by former Governor Bimal Jalan made its recommendations to the central bank. The record transfer, including a surplus of Rs 1.23 lakh crore for 2018-19, will boost the government's finances at a time it strives to tackle a nearly five-year low economic growth with lakhs of estimated job cuts across sectors, and defend its ambitious target of containing fiscal deficit at 3.3 per cent of the GDP. Economists say the payout will likely help the government meet its tax revenue shortfall and fund higher spending.
Am trying to build on a concept of computable general equilibrium with regard to assessing the impact of a newly proposed excise tax on wealth distribution.
However, being a new study area for me I do seek guidance and views to build up the concept.
Does anyone have an idea on how to go about measuring or evaluating the impact of a newly proposed excise tax on income inequality?
My question asks does it make sense to collect tax and allow three month stays from most countries for women who want to engage in Sex Work and not ever or (periodically) test them for sexually transmitted disease? Even still if they did, many workers are working after their permits have expired and do their best to avoid getting caught by the "Sex Police" which is what they are in fact.
I understand that we don't want to force people and all testing should be done by choice or anonymously because stigma, even among the population in question is alive and well, but in this particular circumstance what are your thoughts?
A second question is if they are indeed "slightly positive" or rather generally undetectable levels of virus should they be allowed to work?
Lastly, it is criminal to pass an infectious disease in this particular jurisdiction, responsibility lies on both parties meaning an investigation of who did what ensues, the law can not be avoided with consent or knowing waived. Does this sever any beneficial outcome? It's my opinion that it doesn't but I would be interested to hear other people's views.
Is economic cooperation and trade between the world's largest economies developing or is this cooperation diminishing due to the current trade wars?
Does the current policy of limiting trade by imposing new prohibitive tariffs and other protectionism instruments of current trade wars may lead to such a serious slowdown in economic growth that it may lead to a global economic crisis?
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Dear Friends and Colleagues of RG,
The issues of risk management in the context of determinants of the global financial crisis, globalization processes, technological progress and other factors I described in the publications:
I invite you to discussion and cooperation.
I wanted to assess the effect of recent GST reform on state revenue of Karnataka in India. I have a time series (annual) data of tax revenue from 1960 to 2017-18. The New GST has been implemented in the state in the month of July 2017. Implementation of GST was a a historical tax reform that replaced VAT with reference to indirect taxation in India. Data on tax revenue before implementation of GST has the reference to different tax regimes. Now the problem is, I wanted to forecast the potential impact of implementation of GST on state's revenue for another 5 years (at least) i.e. from 2020-21 to 2024-25. Suggestions/guidance in this regard highly appreciated.
As from theoretical construct and empirical literature, i have found that tax base is defined as - tax revenue divided by tax rates. if the standard data on tax rates are not readily available, than how we can estimate tax base for central and state level ?? What could be the other suitable proxies for measurement of tax base ??
The notion “smart statistics” is a by-product of the exponentially growing amount of data in our world: A large part of this growing amount of data is attributed to changes in styles of communication due to the rise of technology and the increasing use of the internet, resulting in data which have the potential to be used for the production of official statistics. “Smart” refers here to the involved “smart technologies”, the real-time, automated, interactive technologies that optimise the physical operation of appliances and consumer devices. Given all the new and alternative data, competitors to official statistics may provide the smart statistics faster, with more details, perhaps less reliable. Smart inflation rate based on retail scanner data, smart unemployment based on mobil positioning data, smart GDP based on tax data are already in an experimental stage; linking all the new and alternative data will allow the cunning data analyst many more smart statistics. What role can play official statistic in such a future?
The issues that we all know, and most have tried for years to resolve, the employability and skills shortage. Individuals and businesses lose money, but how does it affect the economy? Certainly, it has impact on the individuals and businesses.
This feasibility study is to present the issue, which can be seen differently from each party either as a business, an educational institution, an employee or the government. However, the main message is to support people getting the job they are educated to do, the business get the labour they need, then tax will be paid and the educational institutions will get fund to do their jobs.
This general background suggests a simultaneous increase in minimum wages and tax increase has severe implication on citizen welfare. Colleagues what is your thought on this argument.
Hi there! I'm looking for someone who can help me better understand nonprofits and how they file their taxes. It's for an ongoing research. Preferably someone who is nationally known on this topic through research or practice, and someone who knows how nonprofit taxes are filed, common reporting errors, common fraud, etc. Could be more than one person. Thanks!
MY specific objective is to make comparative analysis on the effect of tax revenue on GDP of country A and country B
I am currently working on an exhibit on the truth behind the Upper Peninsula(U.P.) gaining its own statehood. I have found information on taxes from each county in the U.P. but I am looking for any other information. Specifically tax distribution per county in Michigan at least. Any information/ resources would be fantastic!
I am particularly interested in indirect taxation mainly focused on developing countries. Any suggestion will be highly welcomed.
Our master's thesis attempts to tackle the (financial) transfer pricing issues which multinational corporations face.
To be more precise our starting point of the research is the already known issues within transfer pricing, but on top of that we are attempting to map the differences in answers that might occur between businesses, tax experts and tax authorities about certain topics. These topics currently are: issues concerning the rules and guidelines, valuation differences between the parties involved, future perspectives, restrictions (freedom, establishments, the least taxable way) and any ethical issues that might arise throughout the whole transfer pricing process.
We have set up a questionnaire which we think covers a lot of ground, but any feedback would already help us out.
In some countries, for several years, computerized systems using new information technologies have been developed that help in sealing tax systems. Thanks to these improved analytical systems, crimes consisting of non-payment of due tax are detected more precisely and effectively. In this way, technological development can significantly help in healing public finances of the state.
In the field of these new information technologies, some innovative, currently developing technologies are used, typical of the current technological revolution, known as Industry 4.0.
First and foremost, artificial intelligence, data processing in the cloud computing and advanced data analytics are used on the basis of the large data sets that have been overcome in Big Data database systems.
Do you agree with me on the matter?
I invite you to the discussion