Science topic

Sustainable Development Strategies - Science topic

Explore the latest questions and answers in Sustainable Development Strategies, and find Sustainable Development Strategies experts.
Questions related to Sustainable Development Strategies
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
11 answers
In English:
I am part of a research group focused on the study of teaching methods aimed at fostering sustainable societies. For the future we aim to focus on some core issues that we believe are fundamental for the advancement of these forms of education in Brazil and worldwide, namely: Discuss the relationships between environmental education, sustainability education and citizenship education and try to identify the similarities and differences of their proposals. Our initial hypothesis is that citizenship education perhaps satisfactorily embraces the postulates and principles of the other two pedagogies and can thus be understood as one of the most holistic and comprehensive forms of human education. What do you think?
Em português:
Faço parte de um grupo de pesquisa focado no estudo de formas de ensino voltadas ao fomento de sociedades sustentáveis. Para o futuro almejamos enfocar algumas questões centrais que acreditamos ser fundamentais para o avanço dessas formas de ensino no Brasil e no mundo, quais sejam: Discutir as relações entre a educação ambiental, a educação para a sustentabilidade e a educação para a cidadania e tentar identificar as similaridades e diferenças de suas propostas. A nossa hipótese inicial é de que a educação para a cidadania talvez abarque satisfatoriamente os postulados e princípios das outras duas pedagogias e assim pudesse ser compreendida como uma das formas de educação humana mais holística e abrangente. O que você acha?
Relevant answer
Answer
Environmental education, environmental education, education on the principles and goals of sustainable development, education on the pro-environmental transformation of the classic economy towards a sustainable, green circular economy concerns closely related and overlapping or complementary issues. On the other hand, pro-environmental civic education, shaping the general social pro-ecological awareness, social pro-environmental responsibility is a derivative of environmental education and social media campaigns organized by non-governmental institutions, government agencies, ministries of the environment, social organizations, social associations of citizens, enterprises, companies, etc. Moreover, more and more companies, enterprises, corporations, financial institutions add to their mission and development strategy the implementation of specific sustainable development goals. Then, in advertising campaigns, by presenting their product and service offers, they also indicate pro-environmental aspects that have been added to the long-term mission and development strategy defined for the perspective.
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
13 answers
Problems related to sustainable development and mostly in deloping countries.
Relevant answer
Answer
One crucial issue is policy that is operated at national levels. Some developing counties see sustainable development as more of a talk show and are yet to put out right policy that would address the issue or they design policies that are contradictory in nature and would not give desired outcomes that promotes sustainable development.
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
3 answers
Into the context of a study case in a university management, I'm in doubt if I stay with SWOT analyse or should I propose BSC kpi´s. I really appreciate if you can tell me each pros and cons.
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Pedro Augusto Muylaert Reis Pessanha The SPP Approach is aimed at guiding policy makers and practitioners in designing and implementing a sustainable public procurement policies and actions. The Guidelines are primarily written for government agencies who wish to take a common step-wise approach to SPP. They are designed both for countries just beginning to consider SPP, and for those who already have an SPP plan in operation and who would like to improve it. The Guidelines are also designed to be flexible to adapt to specific country circumstances and existing practices. Aside from government agencies, other institutional and commercial purchasers may find the SPP Approach of relevance for their purchasing and supply chain management practices. Suppliers and other stakeholders such as those involved in determining the sustainability requirements for products or services may also find the Guidelines of interest and use. Background to the Marrakech Task Force Approach to Sustainable Public Procurement The Marrakech Task Forces (MTF) are voluntary initiatives, led by government
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
46 answers
Yes, it is necessary to change the development strategy based on intensifying the exploitation of the Earth's resources on the sustainable development strategy. It is necessary to develop new energy technologies based on renewable energy sources to slow down the progressing greenhouse effect of the Earth in order to reduce the risk of dramatic natural cataclysms. It is necessary to develop ecological innovations, while it may not be too late. It is necessary to save the Earth through destruction for future generations.
The 21st century is the last moment to introduce global sustainable development based on the development of renewable energy and ecological innovations. Sustainable development should be analyzed and measured in correlation with the analysis of economic growth and the share of individual sectors in the country's economic development, including the transformation of traditional energy sources into renewable energy, environment reclamation and recovery of recyclable materials, and ecological innovations.
I invite you to the discussion
Relevant answer
Answer
Revered Professor Dr.Dariusz Prokopowicz,
Thank you for having sent the reply to my comment. Things will change definitely because the carbon emissions are main root cause of the climate change in the world.
The time has already warned our citizens to change the shape of the life. Let us work together in the future Prof.
Regards
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
7 answers
We are trying to boil down to an actual problem identification. Companies are now a days including sustainability in their strategies due to the demand of the stakeholders- We want to solve a particular problem/ loophole in this area with the focus on MCS- Management Control Systems. The highlighted themes so far is profit maximization and sustainability : are MCSs designed configured to fit the industries when it comes to sustainable strategies?
Relevant answer
Answer
I would recommend reading the following article:
- Jean-Pascal Gond, Suzana Grubnic, Christian Herzig, Jeremy Moon (2012) Configuring management control systems: Theorizing the integration of strategy and sustainability, Management Accounting Research, Volume 23, Issue 3, pp. 205-223
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
15 answers
Distinguished colleagues,
I need your professional opinion for my ongoing research on think tank industry. The outputs of the research and the best international practices will be used in elaborating development strategy of our think tank. Please, indicate the best examples and strategic steps, which could be important in this process! Any comment, which you think should be considered, will be appreciated.
Thank you in advance!
Regards,
Dr. Vardan Atoyan
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Vardan,
My advice is not to look to the best international practices -- you cannot replicate the Conference Board, American Enterprise Institute, the Brooking Institution, the RAND Corporation or EIU.
In post-USSR countries there are just three types of striving thin tanks
1) extensions of particular ministries (ministry of finance, ministry of economy) performing outsourcing works to their major clients using the government money. The development strategy is simple -- to expand the basis of clients with gradual serving two, three ministries etc. The moment of truth in your strategy is to present or do not present in your report a point which totally contradicts the opinion of your client (minister, deputy minister etc.);
2) networks of researchers serving industry (employers) associations. Here you strategy is to extract data from participants of such associations and to present it back in a fresh interesting way with some assertive arguments for the benefits of the members of associations;
3) 'brain departments' of influential political parties. Here your strategy is dualistic -- be able to produce attractive populist ideas and assertive slogans and short texts (manifestos and political programs) and also to offer to politicians the real analysis of the current situation and the short-term forecasts.
For the first and sometimes for the third cases of think tanks do not expect that they will survive for a very long time. For the second case, you can work successfully for decades. In the second case you may also have a possibility to mutate into a consultancy company providing specified services for particular corporations.
Bests,
Igor Gurkov
Head of a think tank of the first type in 1994-2000, head of a think tank of first&second type in 2000-2006.
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
55 answers
Nowadays, Global Priority is the implementation of Sustainable Development.
What is the role of Universities and Institutes for it?
Relevant answer
Answer
Many enterprises in commercial sectors are not interested in implementing sustainable development principles due to the additional costs they would have to incur. Without state support, without an appropriate economic policy that takes into account the principles of sustainable development, without normative regulations that would force commercial enterprises to implement the principles of sustainable development, the process of developing pro-ecological reforms will be slow and slow. And yet the global warming process is progressing faster, humanity has at its disposal less and less time to implement the necessary pro-ecological reforms, primarily limiting greenhouse gas emissions, improving waste segregation and recycling, developing energy based on renewable energy sources, replacing plastics with biodegradable materials, developing electromobility , protection of biodiversity of natural natural ecosystems, etc.
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
20 answers
These two terms almost seem identical, but if for eg. I preserve something, I keep it at the same state that it was.
Although if I protect something it is probably either because that state is at risk or I don't want it to be at risk- (it's threatened).
The word to protect has been used in the environment subject from scientists, governments and the market. For example, the oil companies must preserve and protect the environment where they explore and exploit, although we often see them just protecting after they have disturbed the ecosystem.
Some times protecting can't bring the habitat to it's original state. That is why in my opinion, preserving should be the main focus.
Can you distinguish practises that preserve or protect the environment? eg. Policies and legislation? Should there be a framework to assess whether practices protect or preserve?
My fellow RG Colleagues, please join in this discussion, I would love to know if someone has been digging deeper into this.
Best regards,
Elena
Relevant answer
Answer
Well,
preservation is the act of preserving; act of keeping from destruction, decay. protection is the process of keeping something safe.
Regards
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
6 answers
Kindly list the non-financial benefits (including environment, society and economic perspective) for SMEs by using eco-innovation practices such as process, product, organisational and marketing innovation.
Relevant answer
Answer
Improvement of image and brand positioning and what that entails, for example access to certain niche markets and eco-product positioning. Another benefit may be regulatory compliance, which serves to eliminate legal risks. And finally, strategic, in the sense of anticipating certain technological changes or consumption habits that can condition the future evolution of the demand for products and services.
With regards.
PM.
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
16 answers
The history of Ghana forest and wildlife policies have recurring challenges that need to be redressed and possible remedial actions to beef up its usefulness in the management of biodiversity.
Relevant answer
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
5 answers
Many construction projects are unique,complex , risky and are heavy capital investment, but also face many failures. Infrastractural development is very critical to the economic growth of developing countries, particularly in Africa.
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
10 answers
Land degradation is occurring in almost all terrestrial biomes and agro-ecologies, in both low and high income countries. However, its impact is especially severe on the livelihoods of the poor who heavily depend on natural resources. Despite the severe impact of land degradation on the poor and the crucial role that land plays in human welfare and development, investments in sustainable land management (SLM) are low, especially in developing countries.
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
6 answers
Circular economy or 3R (reduce, reuse and recycle). 
What could be the possible benefits for SMEs by implementing circular economy practices in SME 
Relevant answer
Answer
Please have a look at this work on the implementation of Distributed Manufacturing Networks of SMEs to increase sustainability.
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
10 answers
sustainable development
Relevant answer
Answer
I feel that there are plenty trade-offs in the sense that different stakeholders who are involved see different policies that serve their interests best. I think that it is very dangerous to assume that everybody right away would agree with sustainable development as a goal. Many companies would find arguments why to pay their workers very little, or companies would find arguments, why they cannot afford the filters to clean the air, or to treat liquid wastes. To make the world more sustainable includes to put oneself int he shoes of those stakeholders who benefit from non-sustainable production. One also need to understand that those who introduce sustainable practices suffer when competitors don't do the same. 'A good deed rarely remains unpunished'.  Keeping all this in mind then it might be justified to talk of trade-offs of sustainable practices, although I hope that such practices find more and more distribution. Some literature that might be able to further contribute:
J., Cooper; T., Ryley; A., Smyth
Energy Trade-offs and Market Responses in Transport and Residential Land-use Patterns: Promoting Sustainable Development Policy
Informa UK (Taylor & Francis)
Urban Studies
Year:2001
Month:8
Day:1
Volume:38
Issue:9
First page:1573
Last page:1588
Donevska, Natasha
Trade-offs in sustainable urban development: the case of Skopje
Springer-Verlag
Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences
Year:2015
Brandi, Clara A.
Sustainability Standards and Sustainable Development - Synergies and Trade-Offs of Transnational Governance
Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
Sustainable Development
Year:2016
Kanter, David R.; Musumba, Mark; Wood, Sylvia L.R.; Palm, Cheryl; Antle, John; Balvanera, Patricia; Dale, Virginia H.; Havlik, Petr; Kline, Keith L.; Scholes, R.J.; Thornton, Philip; Tittonell, Pablo; Andelman, Sandy
Evaluating agricultural trade-offs in the age of sustainable development
Elsevier
Agricultural Systems
Year:2016
Month:10
Bowen, Kathryn J; Cradock-Henry, Nicholas A; Koch, Florian; Patterson, James; Häyhä, Tiina; Vogt, Jess; Barbi, Fabiana
Implementing the “Sustainable Development Goals”: towards addressing three key governance challenges—collective action, trade-offs, and accountability
Elsevier
Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability
Year:2017
Month:06
Day:
Volume:26-27
Issue:
First page:90
Last page:96
Singh, Gerald G.; Cisneros-Montemayor, Andrés M.; Swartz, Wilf; Cheung, William; Guy, J. Adam; Kenny, Tiff-Annie; McOwen, Chris J.; Asch, Rebecca; Geffert, Jan Laurens; Wabnitz, Colette C.C.; Sumaila, Rashid; Hanich, Quentin; Ota, Yoshitaka
A rapid assessment of co-benefits and trade-offs among Sustainable Development Goals
Elsevier
Marine Policy
Year:2017
Month:6
WORLD BANK
Sustainable Land Management: Challenges, Opportunities, and Trade-Offs (Agriculture and Rural Development)
2006
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
4 answers
Clearly evident is the proliferation of technologies in ensuring business success. However, what is perplexing is the lack of adoption of the technologies in the developing world. As a result the pace of development is so low that there is always reliance on the developed world for value added products.
Relevant answer
Answer
Please let me know if the following references/sites are useful to you:
1.  Supply Chain Visibility: A Critical Strategy to Enhance ... - GS1 Global
https://www.gs1.org/docs/visibility/Supply_Chain_Visibility_Aberdeen_Report.pdf Supply Chain Visibility: A Critical Strategy to Optimize Cost and Service. Page 2 ... visibility event accuracy at 30% is the third highest priority). It is not surprising ...
2.  Beyond Supply Chains Empowering Responsible Value Chains - www3 ...
Beyond Supply Chains has developed a decision framework that prioritizes the identified ... Improve supply chain visibility (availability of data & analytics).
3.  Private Sector Role in Health Supply Chains - World Health ...
http://apps.who.int/medicinedocs/documents/s16323e/s16323e.pdf  Engagement in Developing Country Health Supply Chains ... October 2008. Dalberg Global Development Advisors and the MIT-Zaragoza International ..... chain visibility and oversight, making product integrity and quality harder to ensure. The.
4.  The 10 Keys to Global Logistics Excellence - Supply Chain Digest
http://www.scdigest.com/assets/Reps/SCDigest_Global_Logistics_Excellence.pdf The Global Supply Chain – You Better be Good. Globalization .... level of supply chain visibility they desire, or have the ... not enough time on developing better.
Dennis
Dennis Mazur
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
6 answers
Although waste management in the European Union (EU) has improved considerably in the past decades, almost a third of municipal waste is still landfilled and less than half is recycled or composted, with wide variations between Member States. The European Union has proposed a number of long-term targets for landfilling and recycling, as part of the new Circular Economy. By 2030, no more than 10% of municipal waste should go to landfill in the EU. In addition to this binding target, the new laws would include a total ban on the landfilling of waste which has already been separated and sorted for recycling. The recycling and re-use of municipal waste must reach 65% in Europe by 2030, with a target of 75% set for the recycling of packaging waste. Specific targets for resource efficiency, plastics and food waste were left out, however the EU reiterated its pledge to meet the global Sustainable Development Goal of halving food waste by 2030. The targets require a large shift in EU waste management, where currently only around 40% of municipal waste is recycled, and 30% landfilled. A number of supporting measures were therefore announced, to advance the circular economy in each step of the value chain - from production to consumption, repair and remanufacturing, waste management, and secondary raw materials that are fed back into the economy.
Relevant answer
Answer
My answer to the question (Can we really boost recycling economy in EU member states ...?) is straight NO if the question targets scholars of Europe & the rest of the world.
Scholars can give professional advice to governments but those in authority may not follow the advice promptly or keep on with the policy of postponing until shocking consequences start to appear.
Many times, I saw in Europe & in the Middle East countries "including ours" sending lot of used papers into waste dumps. Recycling papers is not that difficult & if the papers are re-used, this will result in less cutting of trees due to the drop of demand.
When IT is applied efficiently at universities, there will be very little need for paper work (e.g. many exams can be done online, corrected at the spot, and sent to the registration offices within minutes).
The example cited above was meant to indicate that those who hold responsibilities can stop wasteful practices & move those below to strict abiding by this common sense, IF THEY WISH.  
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
2 answers
One of the barriers that farmers and especially small farmers experience is a lack of business expertise and know how.  The major obstacle and barrier is access to finance which in turn leads to a further barrier i.e. the inability to compile a business plan. 
In order for such a venture to be successful, cash flow has to be managed very carefully.  Should you require assistance to compile such a plan, I would be willing to assist.  Best wishes with your work!
Relevant answer
Answer
Michael H. Schuman would be a good person to start with; good luck.
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
6 answers
Scientists and policy makers are welcome to answer this question.
Relevant answer
Answer
One way is to increase the productivity of agriculture. GMOs could be one way but that is not the only way. Cultivation techniques, crop rotations, soil amendments, complete use of agri-products (integration of bio-products into larger economy such as medicines, industries, and fuels), expansions of growing areas (marginal lands, urban spaces, etc.) and novel crop choices are some more ways. If you can make more, and more useful, agricultural products you will have economic growth.
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
3 answers
I am seeking citations / other information resources that relate to approaches/tools/platforms for land use planning with the goal of optimizing outcomes for multiple sectors. The principles and methods for 'systematic conservation planning' are well developed but I am having trouble finding work that is more integrative and inclusive of multi-sector outcomes.
Relevant answer
Answer
You can go through the the link to find some input: http://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/9/4/505
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
31 answers
Each of us has theoretical and / or practical knowledge on Sustainable Development Goals.
In 2015, more than 190 world leaders committed to 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to help us end extreme poverty, fight inequality and injustice, and fix climate change. We each have a role to play if we're going to achieve these goals of a more prosperous, equitable and sustainable world.
Yes, of course, all of us have knowlages about the Sustainable Development Goals, what can we do for each goal and these goals will be achieved, according to the forecast?
Your contributions will be helped between us, thanks a lot in andvance!
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear prof.  Bashkim and all respected researchers
In addition to your rational comments , I want to add some more issues:
Programmes such as school feeding, cash transfer and health care provide some 
form of income security andaccess to better nutrition, health care, education and
decent employment to people living in challenging and often hazardous environments.
The sustainable use and management of terrestrial ecosystems, forests, mountains,
 land and soils.
Agriculture has a major role to play in responding to climate change. While
temperature rises pose areal threat to global food production, investments
in all sectors of agriculture can simultaneously supportclimate change adaptation
and mitigation while improving rural people’s livelihoods.
Best regards, parisa Ziarati
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
7 answers
To tackle the increasing problems of draw down, depredation and degradation (pollution) of environmental resources we are trying to promote green products, green processes, green technologies, green industry. More importantly we are sensitizing people to adopt green lifestyle, green culture and green consumerism to shrink our ecological footprint and to make a peace with our Mother planet Earth. But it's easier said than done! How 'green' is green enough? How good is good enough? Please elucidate with informative thoughts, insights and illustrative inputs.
Relevant answer
Answer
Moving from environmental economics to ecological economics and strong sustainability gives a glimpse about how green we need to go and thereby need to transform our current economic system rather than treating symptoms with the same thinking we applied to create these problems in the first place. Rather than aiming at "good enough" we should first acknowledge "enough is enough" and that consumerism wont be the panacea
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
1 answer
Knowing these objectives will enable researchers know how to make input to the project.
Relevant answer
Answer
 Hi Mr. Awoniran my purpose as A.M. Project observation and research and calculated on NDVI in two province in Iran ( Tehran & Karaj)
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
6 answers
Dear All,
I am conducting a study on sustainable land management in demined areas in post war setting. I need to propose a framework/model to introduce sustainable land management in the war torn area so that people will practice eco-friendly agriculture. In order to reach this objective, I need to learn how to develop a framework and how to write/present it. At the moment, I have collected the relevant data and have the idea but struggling to put it in an analytical form. Therefore, would be very grateful for you all if you could kindly share a few studies (any area) which have proposed a framework at the end. Sample frameworks would be very helpful! 
Note: To be precise, I am not looking at theoretical or typical conceptual framework that we normally used to write in thesis. 
Many thanks and all the best to your research work.
Harshi 
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
3 answers
The United Nations' 17 Sustainable Development Goals (and 169 targets) are quite rightly ambitious and all encompassing. We have recent work which gives us clues about how sustainability can be embedded in curricula, e.g.
But, what do we know about how we might go about integrating the 17 goals?
How do we select which to include/exclude? How do we make that decision?
How do we become aware about what is or isn't covered?
What are the complexities and tensions integrating them?
Relevant answer
Answer
Do you know about the Audit Instrument for Sustainability in Higher Education?
Look at 
Contact me, if you want to know more: everard@onsnet.nu
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
3 answers
Are training opportunities the main solution for the development of the field of neuroscience in poorer countries?
Relevant answer
Answer
Cuba may be a good to explore.
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
4 answers
In our paper https://www.researchgate.net/publication/304778394_Brownfields_Information_Brocker, we are looking on the possibilities to support revitalisation of brownfields. Do you think, that from the side of investors exist real interest about brownfields? Or there has to be some push from government to reduce possibilities change agriculture land on constructions.
Relevant answer
Answer
Good material and good strategy
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
8 answers
1. I  feel  at  least  6-7  SDGs   are  primarilly  relevant  to  agriculture.
2. It  is  also  possible  that  agriculture  may  also influence  the  attainment of a  number  of  SDGs.
Contributions  and  ideas  welcome!
Relevant answer
Answer
The contribution that agriculture can make to Agenda 2030 relates to:
  • SDG 1 (No Poverty): Rural people make up 70% the world’s extreme poor. So, agriculture can contribute more to reducing poverty than any other sector.
  • SDG 4 (Quality Education): Agricultural extension enables farmers to access to the skills, tools, inputs, and knowledge they need.
  • SDG 5 (Gender Equality): Women farmers produce 20–30% less than their male counterparts, mostly on account of differences in their access to and use of resources. Because women produce over half the food worldwide, bridging this gap could reduce global hunger.
  • SDG 6 (Clean Water and Sanitation): By 2030, the global demand for water will have doubled, with agriculture alone requiring more than what can be sustained to feed the world (even before domestic and industrial needs are met).
  • SDG 7 (Affordable and Clean Energy): By 2030, the demand for energy will have doubled, mostly on account of developing countries. More crops are likely to be grown for use as biofuels, doubling or perhaps even tripling as a proportion of total use.
  • SDG 8 (Decent Work and Economic Growth): In rural areas, agriculture can be an engine of employment and pro-poor economic growth.
  • SDG 12 (Responsible Consumption and Production): Average consumption per capita is expected to grow through 2030, even if about one third of what food is produced goes to waste.
  • SDG 13 (Climate Action): By 2030, agriculture’s carbon mitigation potential could reach as much as 7.5% of total global emissions, depending on the price of carbon and adoption of agricultural productivity measures.
  • SDG 15 (Life on Land): Improving the efficiency of farmland can help meet the demand for food and curtail the conversion of natural habitats and forests for additional cultivation.
  • To this list one could add SDG 11 (Sustainable Cities and Communities) in consideration of the role of urban and peri-urban agriculture and SDG 14 (Life Below Water) if by agriculture we also mean aquaculture and mariculture).
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
10 answers
Many a times sustainability is termed as way of life, but then there is so much of research on technical know how of sustainability. I am curious if we can use such expertise at local level and how effective it is in achieving sustainability? I would like to listen to views of people working in this sector. 
To be very precise my questions is - If the technical experts start working with the communities, will it be effective in achieving sustainability - any case studies regarding its effectiveness or ineffectiveness?
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Uma,
I may not answer your question directly, but I attach short articles on main tenets of sustainable development i.e. Sustainable economy, sustainable agriculture, sustainable energy, sustainable transport for smart cities.
I would like to assure you that if expert view of point if taken seriously by politicians who are irrational in nature from the economic point, then experts can lead to achieving sustainable development.
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
6 answers
It seems the jury is still out on resilience towards adaptive capacity or adaptive capacity towards resilience (in social-ecological systems). Do you see resilience as a subset of adaptive capacity or vice versa  (which seems the conventional wisdom ). Can you provide any papers in these respects?  
Relevant answer
Answer
Some may feel I speak out of turn here.  It is not necessarily a good idea to rely totally upon one dictionary for the final word regarding the definitions of words which are being used as terms within an academic discourse.  Much like a legal document you often have a desire to attach very specific meanings to your use of certain words in a particular communication and like a legal document perhaps it would be best to provide your own 'Definition of Terms' section near the start of the discussion.
In my field which is in general dealing with the social and economic aspects of society I would tend to use 'resilience' to signify 'the capacity to recover from disruption', whereas 'the capacity to adapt' would be signified by using the term 'adaptability'.  Adaptability is the capacity to respond through modified behaviours to repeated disruptions of a particular class such that the effects of those disruptions tend to be ameliorated in the event of future occurrences.
From which you can see that if I was to rely upon Websters, and perhaps even the Oxford, as my authority my exact intended meaning might be understood inconsistently between two of my readers or may have been seen to be ambiguous or vague.  It is always best to be specific about what your intended meaning is and to put limits upon it by confirming up front how you intend to use an important term.
Is the case of these terms' usage in ecology which has given rise to this discussion perhaps more to do with etymology than with concepts?  Or a bit of both perhaps?
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
7 answers
It is well known that developing countries are already faced with numerous challenges including lack of financial muscles to invest in clean energy. I want a link for a paper that gives a thorough analysis of the social, economic, and political challenges that developing countries encounter towards domestication of the SDGs.
Relevant answer
Answer
Hello Donald Kahindi,
I would like to also share another point out that "Inequality and the SDGs: Not Only a Developing Country’s Burden" by Kelly Stetter from UNRISD (United Nations Research Institute for Social Development).
Rising inequality is a burden for all countries, rich and poor, that has serious implications for ensuring secure, sustainable lives and livelihoods for all. Yet, despite Goal 10’s inclusive language and imperative to reduce inequality globally, a recent Stakeholder Forum report on the implications of the SDGs for developed countries focused primarily on the goals of developing sustainable energy systems (SDG 7), promoting sustainable consumption and production (SDG 12) and combating climate change (SDG 13), which were identified as the three most transformational challenges facing developed countries.
These are indeed pressing concerns for all nations, but we must not lose sight of the challenges and obstacles created by inequality and discrimination in developed countries in the process.
You can read more detail in my shared links.
Sincerely,
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
9 answers
The new EU policy for the waste management focus on the concept of Circular Economy.  The questions is: how easy is for a small Municipality in Insular area to adopt and adapt the concept of circular economy in order to solve the problem of the waste production as usually micro managements, micro politics, lacks of vision and infrastructures etc. may affect the result.
Relevant answer
Answer
Hi Antonis,
I very much appreciate your question, as well as the answer from Petra!
I have worked for more than a decade in MSWM in Southeast Asia with more than 20 pilot municipalities that tried to establish enhanced MSWM systems in developing country context. The best result from our (official development) work by Integrated approaches was a 'recovery rate of 50%' , mainly through low cost approaches that channeled out organic waste prior to disposal. I have to admit that the organic recycling component was 'subsidized' in all cases, meaning without the supporting local policies to provide project subsidy this 50% recycling rate could not have been achieved. Recovery rates for 'sellable items' (hard plastics, selected glass, metals, paper cartoons) usually had a share below 15% of total collected waste. We have tried several approaches for value adding with the informal sector (handicraft items, alternative fuels, briquettes for household consumption, etc but most of these projects remained small and could not be replicated. Looking on the accomplishment from a simplified perspective: Tackling the organic waste fraction (presented at the ORBIT 2012 for San Carlos City) solved many issues related to waste disposal but is hardly a 'self-running/self-sustaining' activity. Organic waste recovery on a small scale (as is typical for most islands) in view of circular economy demands to provide a sustainable business models that is (lastingly and reliable) supported by the municipality. We have documented this approach in a special GIZ Publication "Eco-Center" (2013) in the Philippines. Please feedback to me if you like to get an e-copy, as well as other related papers.
In summary: It would indeed be interesting to consider a review paper that summarizes to what degree other researchers / developers / island states were able to implement 'circular economy' for island contexts and what were success factors respectively barriers. 
Johannes Paul
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
19 answers
Is a low carbon development market a green market model?
If yes;
Is low carbon development a win-win sustainable development model?
If yes;
Is low carbon development a green growth based market model?
If yes;
Is low carbon development a win-win economy-environment partnership model?
If yes.
Then, sustainable development a la low carbon is green markets/green growth based model.
Therefore, why not to say openly that to ensure environmental sustainability as per goal 7 of the Milleniun Development Goals(MDGs) we have to implement sustainable development strategies(e.g. low carbon) through green market based green growth?...
Why to use low carbon development sometimes, Sustainable development sometimes, green growth sometimes, and green markets sometimes in any document coming from the UN institutions related to this file or agreements like the 2015 Paris Agreement giving the impression that they are not closely related concepts?. Why not to minimize confusion?
Relevant answer
Answer
Richard, good day.  I agree with you, the social component is missing there because green markets assume social externality neutrality.  That is the UN new sustainable development strategy.....
I asked the question this way to make the point that "sustainable development a la low carbon is green markets/green growth based model", but if you read UN documents about sustainable development goals and agenda or the 2015 paris agreement or any government policy implementation document on low carbon development'''' they use those terms in confusing ways.... I see you can see, sustainable development, enven green markets, its not sustainability....
You may find the articles below interesting as food for thoughts:  Have a nice day
Understanding the Death and Paradigm Shift of Adam Smith’s model: Was Going Green the Only Option? If not, Is This Option the Most Sustainable One?
Beyond traditional sustainable development: Stating specific and general sustainability theory and sustainability indices using ideal present-absent qualitative comparative conditions
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
9 answers
I am doing a research on fodder value chain in Makueni and Kajiado Counties
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Erick, yes you can. Various researchers have documented fodder value chains in various countries across the globe. For instance in Ethiopia, India and Kenya just to mention a few. Do some thorough literature review and you will find answers to you question. I hope this is resourceful.
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
15 answers
I am looking for scientists interested in studying trolleybus transport with special regard to its social and economical conditions. I am particularly focused on impact of electric public transport (for ex. trolleybus transport) on real estates prices. On the other hand I analyze effects of implementing innovative technologies and sustainable development policies on trolleybus transport. 
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Marcin, maybe this cuold be useful to you. Best regards,
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
4 answers
I am reading Schmidt-Traub's (2015) Report for the Sustainable Development Solutions Network "Investments Needs to Achieve the Sustainable Development Goals" to learn about comprehensive cost estimates on the country-level. The report gives many useful references, but it seems that as of November 2015 only global data (and only very sparse country-level data) is available for SDGs 14 and 15.
Relevant answer
Answer
Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Free and Open access
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
8 answers
From the New Institutional Economics perspective, a commitment is motivationally credible if the players continue to want to honour the commitment at the time of performance as the incentive is compatible and hence self enforcing. On the other hand, in the imperative sense, it is also credible if the players cannot act otherwise at the time of performance because performance is coerced or discretion is disabled.
Relevant answer
Answer
Unfortunately, it will take a lot of time to build an international institution to check the national commitments. I think it is necessary to insist on the obligation of information about self commitments in other's eyes.
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
4 answers
I am doing a graduate level research on finding the self- efficacy among the farmers of Marathwada region of Maharashra state. The area under consideration is Apsinga village , Osmanabad District. Pertaining to the topic, I have studied literature of Alberto Bandura on self- Efficacy and your article "Self-Efficacy of Agricultural Farmers: A Case Study". I would like to have your necessitous help on doing a brief study on the self-efficacy of farmers in Apsinga village. I would like to know your suggestions and necessary steps involved to field(Apsinga) on this topic. I am working under the guide, Mam Sasmita Swain, Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, TISS. She has asked me to take your suggestions on moving ahead on measuring self efficacy among the farmers. Your indispensable help is very much desired. Please reply as soon as possible.
Yours Sincerely
Akshay Rao Pawar
Bachelor of Social Sciences V Sem
Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Tuljapur
Osmanabad Dist. Maharashtra
Relevant answer
Answer
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
28 answers
I would like to know your opinion in this area;
Could you suggest any articles  related to this topic?
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Katarzyna,
Although there are several perspectives of defining "sustainability", the essence is related to the organic development of the company in a dynamic equilibrium with its external business environment and natural environment. Sustainability implies vision and competitive advantage, which means strategic thinking and leadership.
While leadership is concerned with the strategic vision, management is concerned with the operational decision making. Both of them have the role integrating all necessary resources and capabilities to produce goods and services able to bring a sustainable competitive advantage. Leaders and managers are "organizational integrators" which means field of forces able to create synergy. Leaders influence their subordinates mostly by using emotional and spiritual knowledge and intelligences, while managers use mostly rational knowledge and intelligences.
I attached a flyer with my recently published book about organizational knowledge dynamics which contains a good part of the answer to your question.
Wishing you good luck and a Happy New Year!
Constantin
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
13 answers
The SDG agenda is broader and goes further than that of the MDGs, which poses challenges in terms of designing an effective and inclusive indicator framework. In our recent Lancet comment Measuring the SDGs: a two-track solution (Davis et al., 2015), we argue that a solution that could break a potential deadlock is a two-track approach, which would involve separate lists of indicators at the political and technical levels. 
What would be other options for an efficient SDG indicator framework?
Relevant answer
Answer
while designing the SDGs indicator framework, we need to focus on the regional scale challenges and spatial heterogeneity of human wellbeing in relation to the society and ecosystem. 
Moreover, the current SDGs target of zero poverty within 2030 by UN is highly challenging because of the ground zero experience of farmers in Bangladesh and India, where food production increases at a cost of investment in agriculture and technology, as well as environmental degradation. So we need to focus such type of local environmental issues which can challenge the global sustainability. 
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
7 answers
government resource governance, human resource governance and natural resource governance 
Relevant answer
Answer
The essential steps to develop a theoretical model in sustainable development or sustainability are the policy decision making process at the local level based on the participation of community, stakeholders, scientists, goverment.
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
1 answer
BuildNepal.org has started to test such model in two communities of Nepal. Please send us links to learning materials and case studies.
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Souvidhya
I am sorry I am not providing you with what you are searching for. But I must thank you for adding this very important dimension of local level development through the efforts of social and community entrepreneurship. What your proposition seems to suggest to me is that local level development can be a participatory social and community project if the same can be designed and executed by the motivated endeavors of social entrepreneurs.
This can be a very novel and innovative idea for endogenous development trajectory of rural and interior areas in this part of the globe.
Yes, there are good examples of 'giving back to society' in the West whereby the successful entrepreneurs generously contribute for various types of social and community development projects. 
Thanks.
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
2 answers
Specifically, I want to know how using the sustainable balanced scorecard will help linking business strategy to sustainability development goals and of course profitability of an organization.
Relevant answer
Answer
Syed, the literature in this area is limited and the theoretical framework is yet to evolve in terms of how SBSC can link to the development of strategic goals that are sustainable and can be contributed to by the organizational activities. Theoretically, it offers a possibility, as BSC can be evolved into SBSC (see  Laurinkevičiūtė et al., 2008) or an example from tourism industry (Karatzoglou & Spilanis, 2010), but this is still a research of area that is open for others to contribute. 
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
5 answers
I am interested to investigate the relationships of sense of home and building efficiency in housing context. I think the effect of sense of home in improving individuals' behavioral and emotional pattern would eventually affect the building efficieny. I appreciate a lot if anyone can help me by introducing papers and research works in this area.
Relevant answer
Answer
For this you need to look at the building in the context of socio-cultural and socio-economic point of view. What you mean is that if two similar building (built up area, building material, internal arrangement of rooms etc.) occupied by two family will reflect different efficiency. This happens because the family which find the building that satisfies their socio-cultural and socio-economic status will tend to feel less irritated and show high level to tolerance thus showing high level of comfort( low energy use to maintain comfort). In my publication I tried to highlight this issue. If interested you can read my papers on "Bioclimatism and vernacular architecture" and "Relation between indoor thermal environment and renovation in Liege residential buildings"
regards
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
12 answers
Hi Scholars,
i am currently trying to establish a quantitative research and for the start, would like to know the level of knowledge regarding sustainable development (SD) among managers in a certain industry. Is there any good set of questionnaire available to measure an individuals knowledge of Sustainable Development (SD)? Thanks 
Relevant answer
Answer
I think there is no particular set of questionnaire to adopt in trying to measure managers perception of SD in an organization. SD is wide and differently conceptualised concept and measuring it depends on the project objectives and aim. IF your only interested in understanding the level of managers knowledge on SD, then develop your questionnaire in line with that objective using Likert scale approach/techniques. You can read Pallant, 2007 and 2013 to find some standard Likert scale questionnaire design which could be of help. Also, because of what SD is all about, I would have encouraged you  to also utilised a qualitative approach, so that   richness of the research output can be enhanced.
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
17 answers
Many places are carrying out programs energizing communities, buildings and facilities, I would like to know how to measure social impact or measure the social impact of the energization.
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Anislei, from a methodological standpoint you have the following options to assess social impacts: cost-benefit analysis (with external costs) for local impacts, social LCA for global impacts, willingness-to-pay or willingness-to-accept analysis for monetarisation of benefits vs burdens, analysis of regional value added for local socio-economic impacts, multi-criteria analysis of impacts (e.g. in stakeholder workshops), and probably many more. Really depends on the meaning of "social impacts" you have in mind.
Greetings, Stefan
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
3 answers
Despite the efforts of development programs to upgrade the technologies, particularly of farmers, adoption is still low. What ingredients are missing in the approaches so far?
Relevant answer
Answer
In a word, NO. We didn't get it right. We've fallen into economic traps that have no escape, with the same thinking that created our significant and terminal problems. Two critical points come to mind.
First when we believe/act as if the environment is a subset of our economy, we seem to trash it with impunity and greed.
Secondly we haven't shown the wisdom of the 'precautionary principal' where we insure that we do no harm before we unleash any chemicals or technology. That should have been established in the 1930's when the beginning of man made chemicals began.
Lastly, we have yet to address the structural unemployment that follows in the wake of high tech and automation. Geometrically increasing population and extraction of earths resources with increasing economic, environmental and social consequences is a recipe for disaster. It''s just a matter of time now.... hold on.. the going is going to get rocky.....
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
15 answers
I would like to investigate this further....
Relevant answer
Answer
The conversation around sustainability is driven by it's antithesis. The faster we approach human extinction the more we will talk about notions of sustainability without understanding the conundrum we're created. It's truly an exercise in futility....as we have practiced it so far. Our children will curse us... for our greed and stupidity.
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
13 answers
Technology have made land use quantification and modeling quite manageable and comprehensible .Researchers have spent ample time studying different techniques for land use change analysis .yet on the planning side still no substantial advances have been made .With sustainability concerns gaining more and more consideration ,there is a need to produce models that can achieve it
Relevant answer
Answer
Land use studies are often mapping exercises; these studies take stock of and map the availability of specific ecosystem services for entire regions or higher spatial scales. The spatial congruence between specific services is sometimes also assessed (e.g., Raudsepp-Hearne et al., 2010; Holland et al., 2011; Maes et al., 2012). Such mapping studies can help to raise awareness but does little to help a decision maker trying to assess the consequences of alternative actions/scenarios (Keeler et al., 2012).
Enhancing important services such as biodiversity and carbon sequestration requires modifications in land-use that can lead to decline in other ecosystems services. Hence for policy and planning decisions the value of these services is often most meaningfully understood in term of the trade-offs with other valuable uses of the land (Turner et al., 2003; Bateman et al., 2013a). Costs vary spatially but in a different way from benefits. Benefits of many ecosystem services (such as carbon sequestration) accrue at regional and global scale whereas the opportunity cost (such as foregone agricultural expansion) is borne by the local population. Given the concerns about food security, biodiversity and carbon sequestration there is an increasing demand for such economic information at higher spatial scales.
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
63 answers
Recently we had a meeting to reflect on how our college had performed in the last semester. Just like other pre-university colleges, we continually need to improve student quality in academic performance and personality, engaged independent learners.  So these are the problems lecturers faced.  As for students, the main complaint was on expensive cafetaria food.
Given that staff meetings are scheduled once a month, what steps can be taken to enable better communication of info, so that solutions may quickly sought and found, within the organization?  And, in your experience, how effective is it to involve stakeholders in the problem solving?
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Miranda, 
Thank you! You have a marvelously simple ways of adressing fundamental issues, such as the importance of education...
The keys to most of the problems of Humanity reside , deep down, in good Education, and its global expansion. /globalization
The internet does a good job at this, and dear Nizar adds the necessary value of Ethics, which will undoubtebly result as an inevitable consequence.
The foremost consequence to adding Education and Ethics would be global Wisdom, which to me is the only way to combat struggles and bring Peace
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
2 answers
In current indian scenario, all the manufacturer of CPC blue are manufacturing it through Wayler's process (Phthalic anhydride & Urea in presence of CuCl & catalyst). But this process generates hazardous emissions such as ammonia and CO2. Please suggest the any process modification options or process alternative oprtions by replacement of raw materials with considering technical, economical and environmental feasibility.
Relevant answer
Answer
In laboratory scale you can use Microwave irradiation, copper salt, phthalonitrile and avoid the use of solvent...but for industrial scale I don't know if this is possible
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
82 answers
A key issue that I would like to highlight is that child poverty is distinct from household poverty, although they are often related. With this in mind, eradicating extreme poverty ($1.25 a day) is only relevant to child poverty insofar as households invest in their children, but is not a direct indication of whether a child is poor or not. Indicators to measure child poverty in a multidimensional way can be derived from the Convention of the Rights of Child, in areas such as nutrition, healthcare, education, leisure, information, (no) exploitation, among others, and measured with the use of household surveys. This would allow us to capture the multiple dimension of poverty, and to do it in a way that is relevant for children, and not only for adults or households. Taking this into consideration is essential to tackle child poverty reaching all children.
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear @Sribas, here are some accents from UN strategy :"The 2010 United Nations Summit on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) concluded with the adoption of a global action plan to achieve the eight anti-poverty goals by their 2015 target date and the announcement of major new commitments for women’s and children’s health and other initiatives against poverty, hunger and disease."
I'm not an optimist in this regard!
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
82 answers
Knowledge and technology both are important for the development of a region/country. The fact is, not many countries, especially developing ones, are rich in both. That’s why such countries ask for transfer of technology/knowledge from the developed ones. The question is, what should be the right priority: knowledge first then technology or vise versa.
Relevant answer
Answer
Short term - Transfer of technology
Long term - Transfer of Knowledge
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
4 answers
Reports are that elephants have been poisoned in Zimbabwe and rhinos in South africa. What will happen if animals are being poached at a rate of 91 elephants in less than a month?
Relevant answer
Answer
A lot of people are working in this subject.
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
11 answers
There is probably a lot of literature on the role of countries, government, and corporations and the extent of their contribution towards sustainable development. But what about individuals? What can citizens do to facilitate SD?
Relevant answer
Answer
Enough, not too much, not too little, enough for eat, drink, and life. The concept of enough will drive us be proportional and not greedy.
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
8 answers
I don't know how to prepare a report about life cycle assessment of a typical process or product. Hence, I need a sample to learn what to do step by step.
Relevant answer
Answer
you can download from my profile on research gate some papers containing examples of LCA aplied to PV modules and to buildings
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
19 answers
May welfare and life quality be faced like dimensions of sustainable development?
Relevant answer
Answer
Sustainable development strategies address the issue of how do we have to change the structure of systems we live in to produce more of what we want (sustainable) and less of that which is undesirable (unsustainable). This question gives me a chance to recall the classic work of Donella Meadows (1941 – 2001), late research fellow at MIT. She was a pioneering American environmental scientist, teacher and writer an best known as lead author of the influential book "The Limits to Growth", which made headlines around the world. She proposed a list of places (leverage points) to intervene in complex systems in increasing order of effectiveness. Here they are (from Meadows 2009):
• 12. Numbers: Constants and parameters such as subsidies, taxes, and standards
• 11. Buffers:The sizes of stabilizing stocks relative to their flows
• 10. Stock-and-Flow Structures: Physical systems and their nodes of intersection
• 9. Delays: The lengths of time relative to the rates of system changes
• 8. Balancing Feedback Loops: The strength of the feedbacks relative to the impacts they are trying to correct
• 7. Reinforcing Feedback Loops: The strength of the gain of driving loops
• 6. Information Flows:The structure of who does and does not have access to information
• 5. Rules: Incentives, punishments, constraints
• 4. Self-Organization: The power to add, change, or evolve system structure
• 3. Goals:The purpose or function of the system
• 2. Paradigms: The mindset out of which the system—its goals, structure, rules, delays, parameters—arises.
• 1. Transcending Paradigms
As you can see the most effective leverage points are paradigms and trascending paradigms, very difficult to change but the most effective for a really sustainable change. In the words of Donella "the shared ideas in the minds of society, the great big unstated assumptions, constitute that society’s paradigm, or deepest set of beliefs about how the world works. These beliefs are unstated because it is unnecessary to state them—everyone already knows them. Money measures something real and has real meaning; therefore, people who are paid less are literally worth less. Growth is good. One can “own” land. Those are just a few of the paradigmatic assumptions of our current culture, all of which have utterly dumbfounded other cultures, who thought them not the least bit obvious". Notice, however, that most of the current sustainability research, even the most advanced on complex systems, instead, is focused on the least effective leverage points like the economical aspects likely because decision makers and politicians believe that sustainability is mainly an economic problem (welfare) and it is more approachable in this way (i.e., GDP as a welfare measure). So, "Numbers" like constants and parameters such as subsidies, taxes, and standards become the main focus. This happens for sustainability in environmental protection science too, by just providing numbers, standards, thresholds for pollutants that should not be trespassed, and for species diversity too. However this is a quite myopic viewpoint and I doubt that it can lead to real sustainability ever.
Here is the link for Donella's work www.thesolutionsjournal.com/node/419.
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
17 answers
I would like to know why some countries are developing faster than others, although they were equal in status (income, resources among others) in the early 1960s. Is this a reversal of fortune for the lagging countries as a result of bad policies formulated and implemented, or other factors?
Relevant answer
Answer
Besides, macroeconomic policies, variations in policy priorities on social and heath sectors and overall human development contribute to such variations. For example, some countries besides efficient economic policies focused on rapidly improving basic education and primary health care while many countries showed very slow progress. Some countries focused more on welfare spending while many others focused on overall human development.
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
11 answers
I would like to know what alternatives there are to help meet future demands of the ever increasing world population without trading vital ecosystem services for other needs of the people.
Relevant answer
Answer
David guess these farmers cannot be attracted back to agriculture due to the fact that landholdings are too small to make any sense. The rapid urbanization is another factor to give an example a farmer can make about $480 per acre earning per year. Most don't have even an acre land holding and if it is near an urban area they can better sell it to developer at very high price that can change their life to give an example an acre land in vicinity of Delhi could be sold between $150,000 - $180000 it can be a tenth of this price in other cities but still a substantial amount there. The government has no means and probably intention to give any such incentive. If they start promoting greenhouses and incorporation of advance technologies in agriculture probably situation could be better.
  • asked a question related to Sustainable Development Strategies
Question
16 answers
Is this an area anyone is examining?
Relevant answer
Answer
Please see my research report on sustainable SMEs:
Design for Sustainable Development - Practical Examples of SMEs
Practical Examples of SMEs. EUROPEAN FOUNDATION for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. Design for Sustainable Development –
Dr. Hans van Weenen