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What are examples of social ecological entrepreneurship undertaken from the bottom up, implemented from the bottom up by the local community of your region, city district, urban agglomeration, village?
Within the framework of social ecological entrepreneurship, citizens can, for example, run home vegetable and fruit gardens, flower gardens, flower meadows under the formula of sustainable organic farming. Besides, citizens within the framework of social ecological entrepreneurship can set up small-scale home electric and/or thermal power plants based on certain types of renewable and/or emission-free energy. Besides, conducted social clean-up campaigns in city parks and forests; donating used electronic equipment, consumer electronics, household appliances, etc. to electro-waste collection points; setting up associations and other organizations implementing periodic events, picnics, festivals, etc., aimed at pro-environmental and pro-climate education of citizens. From the bottom up, citizens' ventures in social ecological entrepreneurship can be an important part of the green transformation of the economy and the realization of sustainable development goals. Besides, local governments are also increasingly taking measures to support the activity of citizens within the framework of social ecological entrepreneurship. Projects implemented within the framework of the participatory budget (1 percent of the local government's budget) can be implemented projects proposed by residents, which can be part of the current trends of pro-environmental, pro-climate, green transformation of the economy, in the green transformation of the local government and/or municipal economy and the realization of sustainable development goals. The civic activity of municipal residents can also be carried out within the framework of social ecological entrepreneurship through activities implemented socially by citizens on the basis of an agreement with the local government. Many times, many small activities carried out by citizens within the framework of social ecological entrepreneurship can produce more positive effects than short-term, few larger projects carried out by large business entities.
In view of the above, I address the following question to the esteemed community of researchers and scientists:
What are the examples of social ecological entrepreneurship undertaken from below by the local community of your region, city district, urban agglomeration, village?
And what is your opinion on this topic?
What do you think about this issue?
Please answer,
I invite everyone to join the discussion,
Thank you very much,
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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None: any type of entrepreneurship of that type is neglected by a series of rules that prevent the real eco-sustainability of any activity.
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Please how can I measure the above in related to tourism and cultral heritage
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Thank you, my Prof., please I need more of community invovlement journals
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Do green lending banks in the process of screening the creditworthiness of a potential borrower take into account the prospective negative effects of the progressive process of global warming?
Commercial banks, as part of their credit risk management, carry out, as part of their standard credit procedures, an examination of the potential borrower's creditworthiness or the potential borrower's business entity's creditworthiness and the credit risk it will accept when deciding whether to grant a loan. In view of this, and given the growing importance of green loans in commercial banks' loan offers, I address the following questions to the esteemed community of researchers and academics:
Do commercial banks granting green loans take into account potential, prospective, future, negative effects of climate change, including the effects of the progressive process of global warming, which will affect the credited pro-environmental economic undertakings to a certain extent and in a certain character, in their credit risk management process prior to the possible granting of a loan?
How is green credit risk measured, analysed, controlled? On what assumptions are the green credit procedures based? Is the credit risk management process different from the green credit risk management process carried out in commercial banks providing green loans?
If the state provides guarantees and/or subsidies for green loans, does the level of green credit risk decrease significantly since such public financial support makes these loans more accessible?
What is your opinion on this?
What is your opinion on this topic?
Please reply,
I invite you all to discuss,
Thank you very much,
Warm regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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They should
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What role in the shaping of citizens' pro-environmental attitudes and the implementation of pro-environmental and pro-climate measures do local government units play?
What arguments can you give in support of the thesis that local government units play an important role in shaping citizens' pro-environmental attitudes and implementing pro-environmental and pro-climate undertakings.
What examples can you give of pro-environmental measures and pro-climate projects implemented and/or coordinated by local government units?
For example, do the local and regional authorities you know develop waste segregation programmes, expand green areas in cities, build municipal and/or other wastewater treatment plants, organise events to raise pro-environmental and pro-climate awareness among citizens, create flower meadows on city lawns, promote and develop electromobility on city public bus transport, subsidise the purchase of hydrogen-powered buses, etc.?
Please reply,
I invite you all to discuss,
Thank you very much,
Regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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The functions of municipal governments include the following: Provision of state-run home services and basic unmet needs as regards health, education, environmental cleanliness, drinking water in homes, recreation and sport.
The role of municipal governments | Guide for Monitoring and Evaluating Land Administration Programs | Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (fao.org)
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Hello everyone,
I am researching Energy Optimised system Institute at Ostflia University about " Zero emission Neighbourhoods: developing a new tool for efficient and sustainable communities."
It is a funded research project (I did not find the funder yet), but I need partners in the project with an expert in Urban Planning. I am trying to develop a new tool, and we will experience the method in different districts in different areas.
If you have interest, contact me to send the proposal draft.
Thank you
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Hi,
You could try to get in touch with a wide range of people
For example, DemSoc and other partners work with Net Zero Cities with local authorities and programme partners, although they are not urban planning experts:
You can also try looking for people at UCL (Bartlett School of Planning):
or Nottingham Trent University:
Finally, you might try planning academics who attended a conference about local governance for climate action, who might work with the climate emergency in planning:
Good luck!
Ian
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In the region where you live, do local government authorities run an active pro-ecological policy?
Is sorting of waste required?
Are subsidies granted for the development of household mini-power plants based on renewable energy sources, for example for photovoltaic panel installations?
Are charging stations for electric cars installed in the surrounding streets?
Do people have the opportunity to run home gardens where they cultivate organic crops?
Are there paper packaging in the surrounding stores besides plastic packaging?
Are unmerged flower meadows maintained on housing estates and parks?
Are there houses for insects and birds in nearby parks?
What other pro-ecological activities, ventures are carried out in the region where you live?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
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Dear Colleagues and Friends from RG,
Recently, positive trends have emerged that may confirm the thesis about the growing level of pro-environmental awareness of citizens. One example of positive trends in this matter is the growing percentage of citizens who do not buy live Christmas trees cut down for Christmas, but artificial trees or Christmas trees grown in pots from plantations. I am one of those people who do not buy cut trees, but buy growing Christmas trees in pots and then put them into the ground in a nearby green area. A dozen or so Christmas trees that I have planted are already growing in two urban green areas. I have noticed that there is a growing number of people who do likewise. Another example of positive trends confirming the growing level of pro-environmental awareness of citizens is the growing percentage of citizens who mow lawns less and less frequently, set up flower meadows and home gardens with flowers, including vegetables and fruit. Since in recent years the share of discounters and other large-format stores in the overall sale of food products and agricultural products offering highly processed products and agricultural produce mainly from large-area farms that do not apply the principles of sustainable, pro-environmental organic farming has increased, citizens more and more often buy agricultural products directly from farmers running farms applying the principles of sustainable, pro-environmental organic farming or establishing their own home gardens where they grow fruit and vegetables for their own needs. Pesticides and other chemical plant protection products are usually not used in the home flower and fruit and vegetable gardens. In addition, people who run this type of home gardens usually have a high level of pro-environmental and ecological awareness and therefore also apply other principles typical of sustainable organic farming. Another example of positive, pro-environmental changes confirming the thesis about the growing level of pro-environmental awareness of citizens is the growing percentage of citizens who reliably sort waste, and municipalities and municipal city cleaning companies are gradually expanding the number of fractions into which waste is sorted and conducting social, pro-ecological campaigns encouraging waste sorting. . Municipal cleaning companies of the city, in consultation with the municipal authorities, periodically carry out collection of waste sorted into several fractions of waste in individual city districts and permanently in designated places in the city. In return, citizens returning sorted waste receive flowers, potted herbs, bush seedlings, bulbs or seeds for flowers, herbs, shrubs, etc. More and more citizens are taking part in these pro-environmental campaigns to collect sorted waste. In this way, the habits of reliable waste sorting are strengthened and the scale of recycling, i.e. the re-use of raw materials obtained from sorted waste for the production of new products, is growing. Another example of positive, pro-environmental trends is also the growing share of pro-ecological investment projects submitted by citizens to the commune as part of competitions for investment projects implemented by the commune and financed under 1 percent. the so-called participatory budget of the municipal budget. More and more proposals submitted in these competitions by citizens concern the creation of additional green areas in urban areas and the organization and protection of already existing green areas, including city parks. In some communes, cyclical picnics and festivals for citizens are organized, during which pro-ecological educational campaigns for children, adolescents and adults are organized. During these educational campaigns, contests in ecological, environmental, biology, etc. are conducted. Such pro-ecological educational campaigns are carried out by municipal departments of environmental management, local libraries or associations and non-governmental organizations cooperating with the commune, active in the field of pro-environmental social campaigns. Since many aspects of these positive, pro-environmental trends have emerged in recent years, the question of the role of the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic in this matter, i.e. the scale of the pandemic's impact on improving the pro-environmental awareness of citizens, may be relevant.
Best regards,
Dariusz
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What kind of scientific research dominate in the field of: Sustainable development of a pro-ecological new economy?
What do you think is an important topic for discussion?
In my opinion, important questions concern the need to develop ecological and energy innovations that in the 21st century, economies should achieve sustainable development taking into account the dwindling resources and the development of civilizations and the negative effects of this development on the natural environment.
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As our socio-economic transactions are based on payment chains, we have also to focus on sustainable monetary agency, with respect to banking:
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What actions should be taken to remove or replace these barriers to the chances of developing renewable energy sources?
Are the main barriers to the development of renewable energy sources the lobbying of enterprises in the energy sector producing electricity and heat based on traditional energy of burning minerals? Is there a lack of financial resources in the majority of countries regarding the financing of high-budget pro-environmental projects from public finance funds? Should there be new, new ecological innovations, new technological solutions in the field of renewable energy sources, electromobility in the automotive field, new generations of batteries, photovoltaic panels, energy storage and transmission stations, hydrogen engines, etc. to produce and use electricity generated on the basis of renewable source of energy has become profitable to become a profitable business? If this process lasts for a long time, there may be a shortage of time to implement the necessary reforms aimed at disseminating in the global economy a model of sustainable pro-ecological development based on the concept of green economy. If this process lasts much longer than by 2030, there may not be enough time to carry out the necessary reforms to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and, consequently, the planet's warming process will accelerate considerably, this process will be irreversible and will continue to accelerate and towards the end of the 21st century century will lead to a global climate disaster that threatens the life of all humanity and most other forms of life on Earth.
In view of the above, the current question is: What are the main barriers to the development of renewable energy sources?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
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Lobbying of nonrenewable energy sector is main barrier in the development of renewable energy. In developing countries the allocation of funds and proper utilization is also barrier.
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In order to effectively promote the issue of natural ecosystems in the context of developing models of sustainable development, it is first necessary to develop an information program that will act as the content of specific social campaigns conducted in various types of media, including new media, also on social media portals. Both social information campaigns should be conducted on a large scale. In addition, there should be successive changes to the law, ie new legal regulations that will motivate the transformation of business models towards the development of green economy and sustainable development. These campaigns should also motivate research centers to create new ecological innovations and new technological solutions in the field of renewable energy sources.
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
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Dear Mohammad Mahamood,
Thanks for the kind word.
Best wishes,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Yes, in my opinion, sustainable pro-ecological economic development should be an important determinant of shaping economic policy. Do you agree with my opinion?
For many centuries, the economies of countries and enterprises have developed without knowing or ignoring the principles of sustainable pro-ecological development. On the other hand, in the 21st century the realities have changed, the global warming process is accelerating and if the reforms of pro-ecological changes, development of renewable energy, recycling development, development of environmental protection etc. are not implemented, in the short term the global warming process will become an irreversible process and at the end of the 21st century the planet Earth, humanity and many other forms of life on Earth are threatened by climatic extermination due to the high rise of negative anomalies and climatic cataclysms.
Sustainable pro-ecological economic development, now and in the future, can not be ignored further, it can not be considered a myth. Economics must change towards the concept of green economy. The economic policies of states should also change in such a way as to activate for the development of ecological innovations and support the processes of sustainable pro-ecological development.
Please, answer, comments.
I invite you to the discussion.
Best wishes
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Perhaps the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic will increase the scale of pro-environmental awareness of citizens and sustainable and pro-ecological economic development will become an important strategic objective of economic policy.
Greetings,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Whether in the context of the need to develop pro-ecological reforms, ecological innovations, sustainable pro-ecological development, etc., will the social market economy model change into a model of a sustainable social economy in the future?
Please answer
Best wishes
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The turn of the Earth's journey can no longer be stopped, and it is not because the sustainable social economy can become a PROGRESSIVE AND STABLE economic model, it is that there is no other option. The change has to take place "yes or yes". But setting achievable objectives in the short or medium term. These changes see that there is an existing model that must not be eradicated, but transformed, since the business sector has certain facilities and infrastructures and therefore still stable. You cannot close without a gradual transition process. Taking down and building again is not the solution. For example, there are sectors that seem to belong only to the "Memory of the past", but we can make the turn starting by thinking about the reuse and development of many of the abandoned or semi-abandoned Rural Sectors.
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Dear colleges, I am looking for connection of e-inclusion of 54+ population and developing healthy and sustainable communities. If active ageing includes recreative sport, how much it can be useful of being e-included to participate in e-trainings, especially for elderly?
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I don't think it will be useful
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What kind of scientific research dominate in the field of Economics of sustainable development?
Please, provide your suggestions for a question, problem or research thesis in the issues: Economics of sustainable development.
Please reply.
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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Dear Dariusz Prokopowicz the sustainability criteria must be the core of our efforts to maintain our course towards a climate-resilient low-carbon transition, rather than continue the vicious cycle of environmental degradation, biodiversity loss, and zoonotic infectious disease outbreaks. For instance, the world response to the COVID-19 pandemic must be focused on addressing underlying factors through the SDGs to recover prosperity and restructure our society in a healthier, safer, fairer, and sustainable path. The option for a brown recovery instead of investing in a sustainable growth will depend on how human society will deal with the emerging risks from the COVID-19 pandemic. Kind regards, Ernani
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The concept of zero growth, green economy, "the post-growth economy", sustainable proecological economic development as an antidote to the future global climate disaster of the end of the 21st century?
Because the issues of "the post-growth economy" and related issues such as the concept of zero growth, green economy, sustainable environmentally friendly economic development combine to form a very complex and multifaceted research area, so I will discuss this issue in the following topics.
(The continuation of these considerations can be found in the comments below).
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
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Dear Anjay Kumar Mishra, Thank you very much for participating in this discussion.
Thank you very much and best regards, Have a nice day,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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The idea of ​​migrating humans to Mars may be possible.
But it won’t be easy for establishing a permanent, sustainable outpost on the Red Planet.
What should scientists do to make this our civilization’s only chance of long-term continuity?
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Thank you appreciate for all answer.
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I'm thinking here about developmental and participatory research designed to affect social changes. I realise that an obvious answer to the question is 'it all depends'. I have in mind research that uncovers change strategies that will positively in community-wide behaviours, for example in ways that might lead to sustained responses to things like environmental sustainability, community safety or domestic violence, health and wellbeing or maintaining or improving biodiversity. The context I have in mind is probably more related to relatively low socio-economic or educational status. Is there a body of literature on this already? Can anyone share any thoughts?
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Hi John,
This is a good question. I wonder if you might look at some of the research on Bayesian Causal Analysis?
Bayesian methods have been shown to perform better when working with small samples, which can be relevant to analysing development outcomes in (potentially disparate?) marginalised communities.
Raftery, A. E. (1993). Bayesian model selection in structural equation models. In K. A. Bollen & J. S. Long (Eds.), Testing structural equation models (pp. 163–180). Newberry Park: Sage.
Morgan, S.L. (2013). Handbook of Causal Analysis for Social Research. Dordrecht:Springer.
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The main structure of sustainable community...
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I am conducting a study on sustainability communication in the tourism sector. My idea is to analyze the web content (not only language but also colours used, images and other communicative strategies) of two specific destinations. I have some doubts on methodology: What's the difference between exploratory research and (web) content analysis? Is content analysis a method used to carry on exploratory research?
I know this may sound stupid, but I'm new to research and I'm trying to figure it out by myself!
Thank you!
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There are two types of content analysis: inductive and deductive. The inductive approach is more exploratory, and it does not use a predetermined set of codes; instead, you develop the code categories during the research, as you observe things that you want to track. In contrast, a deductive approach begins with a codebook that was generated through prior theory or observations, so that you can systematically compare which sources have which kinds of content.
In addition, there is a third option which is a hybrid approach, where you begin with a deductive codebook, but expand your set of codes as you notice new things in the data.
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The rate of economic growth varies from country to country.
In developing countries it is usually faster than in developed countries, but despite this new economic goods no more is created.
Usually lower economic growth in richer, developed countries generates more new economic goods or a greater range of value added than in developing countries.
However, in order to develop economic growth in a longer, long-term period, economic growth should take place for many years, but it does not necessarily have to have high value.
According to the concept of the new, green economy, in the future the pace of economic growth does not have to be high to ensure sustainable pro-ecological economic development in the long term.
Please, answer, comments.
I invite you to the discussion.
Best wishes
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Rapid growth in poor developing countries is commonplace because early technological advances are easier to achieve.
It's like looking at the growth rates of infants over teenagers. If a baby continued to grow for 20 years at the same rate he grew during the first two years of his life, all 20 year old people would be 17 feet tall and weigh 900 pounds. But growth slows.
When people living in grass huts and using stone tools are first given advanced seeds, fertilizers, and simple machinery their economic output can increase a-thousandfold. But this steep increase is tempered as they move closer to the tools and standards of modern society.
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There have been a debate to achieve the long-term sustainability of communities (in coastal regions particularly), in a wake of disasters, through resilience enhancement frameworks. What are your views about the inter-linkages between both of them and how well these can be pursued through a risk-informed planning.
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Resilience is the prerequisite of sustainability. In the realm of disaster science, resilience is the building block of sustainability. In general, we assess resilience event by event. However, suitability is comparatively long period assessment. Alternatively, we can say “sustainability means better tomorrow”, same as “resilience refers to building back better”.
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In China, entire metropolises are built according to the plan of sustainable smart cities. An example is Shenzen, which over 30 years ago was a small village and is now a modern metropolis. In addition, other cities of this type are planned to be built from scratch in the next 30 years. Some of these metropolises, which are currently planned for construction, are to be almost completely autonomous in terms of energy and in terms of food supply. These new pro-ecological metropolises, planned as smart city cities, contain many greenery and include crop fields and solar power plants at the periphery.
Please reply
Best wishes
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Do you agree with my opinion that in the context of the projected acceleration of the global warming process, humanity in order to avoid a global climate catastrophe should take as a priority in the 21st century a change in the classical economy on the new green economy to develop economies according to the concept of sustainable pro-ecological development, including replacing classic energy sources based on the combustion of minerals for renewable energy sources. In addition, in economic processes should be implemented as soon as possible and possibly the largest funds programs for reduction of greenhouse gases?
How can you slow down the global warming process in the 21st century?
Please reply
Best wishes
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This issue can be solved only through social participation and understanding the importance of this crisis.
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Improvement of waste segregation carried out by citizens is an important issue that is an important element of sustainable pro-ecological development.
For some time, specific waste segregation and recycling techniques have been carried out in many developed and developing countries.
However, in many cases it does not work perfectly, and due to the growing problem of growing landfills of unsorted and non-biodegradable waste, these techniques should be improved.
On the other hand, in many cases also the waste segregation quality control system also does not work properly.
In the light of the above, encouraging discussion, I turn to you with the following question: Do you know any methods, tools on how to improve the quality control system for waste segregation, which is the segregation of citizens?
Please answer.
I invite you to the discussion.
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I think that you meant in your last sentence (segregation by citizens) and not (segregation of citizens).
Well, we did an experiment in the 1980s in one floor of the faculty of science by placing bins "one for glass, one for plastics, one for metals, one for papers, and one for any waste".
I must admit that many students did abide by the rules of the game but unfortunately there were some "hooligans" who sneaked & caused mess in the bins spoiling our experiment.
My conclusion was that quality segregation of wastes by citizens requires education (to raise the level of thinking) & material rewards (to encourage individuals to participate in a good manner). After some time, the citizens will have the instilled or rooted habit of doing things the right way.
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Sustainable pro-ecological industry development based on the concept of green economy consists in changing the business model that takes into account the following issues:
- reduction of production maximizing the quantity and activation of qualitative production,
- minimization of negative externalities, including generation of production waste polluting the environment,
- maximizing the recovery of secondary raw materials, development of recycling,
- implementation of saving and purification systems used for the production of water in a closed circuit,
- transition to renewable energy sources as a source of electricity for production processes,
- taxation of production plants, imposition on the production company of the costs necessary to carry out the reclamation of devastated environment as a secondary effect of the production process,
- improvement of employees motivation instruments to invent, design proecological technological improvements of the production process and development of ecological innovations.
In view of the above, I would like to ask you: What other determinants of sustainable pro-ecological industrial development can be mentioned in addition to the above?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
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I think future products need to be designed Completely with sustainability in mind. What I mean by this is understanding the secondary use or degration of all components And not using materials that can’t be recycled.
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What pro-ecological activities can and should be implemented by The World Bank to inspire and effectively act on the issue of the sustainable pro-ecological development of the World?
According to the announcement of the President of the World Bank, from 2020 on, the expenditure on pro-ecological activities will be doubled.
Among other things, The World Bank will allocate USD 100 billion for investments in the public sector and additional USD billion for pro-ecological projects on various topics that are supposed to implement and inspire changes in the new green economy to ultimately reduce greenhouse gas emissions on Earth and to slow down increase in average temperature on the Earth's surface.
However, what specific pro-ecological investments should be implemented in order to achieve the intended results? How should those pro-ecological projects be run and in which topics, eg renewable energy sources, creation and implementation of ecological innovations, technologies and pro-ecological materials, etc.?
What pro-ecological activities can and should be implemented by The World Bank to inspire and effectively act on the issue of the sustainable pro-ecological development of the World?
Please reply. I invite you to the discussion
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Sustainable pro-ecological development is tautology.
Just as Sustainable Development is an oxymoron
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What is the role of particular social groups in disseminating the concept of sustainable pro-ecological development based on the concept of a new, green economy?
The role of engineers is particularly important for enabling sustainable development, including sustainable pro-ecological development, based on the concept of a new, green economy. Engineers create new technological solutions, new energy technologies, ecological innovations, innovative ecological buildings, develop renewable energy sources in industry and other applications, create automation technologies for waste segregation, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, develop electromobility, carry out investment projects to reclaim a devastated natural environment, etc. Apart from engineers, the key actors are the state as an economic entity and financial institutions, ie the main actors of external financing of environment-friendly investment projects, thanks to which sustainable sustainable development based on the concept of green economy is enabled and implemented. The role of politicians who set the direction of the necessary systemic changes is also important. Also important is the role of citizens who within the civil and information society are increasingly aware of the threats to the growing risk of climatic cataclysms that are a derivative of the progressive global warming. The role of mass media and new online media is important, including social media portals, thanks to which the level of social awareness for this type of important problems, particularly important in the 21st century, important for humanity, for the whole planet Earth is growing.
In view of the above, the current question is: What is the role of particular social groups in the dissemination of sustainable pro-ecological development based on the concept of a new, green economy?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
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The importance of education in the field of sustainable pro-ecological development?
In order to effectively develop education in education in the field of sustainable pro-ecological development, the basics of economics should first be included in the curriculum.
Education in the basics of economics should be universal, introduced to different levels of schools and fields of study because it is knowledge fulfilling the role of introducing to even more important issues, especially important for the future development of civilization in the 21st century. The issues of sources and consequences of the progressive global warming as well as the necessary changes, reforms that should be introduced into everyday existence, the production of economic goods, etc. to develop a sustainable ecological environment are among those particularly important issues that should also be included in general education. development based on the concept of green economy. If these pro-ecological reforms were implemented mainly in the period of the next decade to 2030, then there will be the possibility of slowing down the adverse process of global warming. If these pro-ecological reforms on the scale of the global economy are not realized then at the end of the twenty-first century planet Earth will be visited by powerful climatic cataclysms, which may threaten the life of all humanity and most other forms of life on Earth.
In view of the above, the current question is: The importance of education in the field of sustainable pro-ecological development?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
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Where are we heading in terms of sustainability-themed research? Would love to hear about ongoing research projects that inspire
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From the small portion I happened to see in these last 4.5 years on research on sustainable manfuacturing:
  • Eco-effectiveness instead of pure eco-efficiency
  • Sustainability transitions
  • Effectiveness of integration of ESG criteria in company's decision making and ultimate sustainability impact
  • Circular economy and societal implications
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Dear RG researchers,
My research team and I are trying to remove Smart City implication barriers. We seek expert Healthcare Supply Chain opinions, sources, and / or expertise.
What are future Healthcare Supply Chain artificial intelligence applications? Obvious AI examples including identifying product fake reviews and improved supply chain forecast. Thanks in advance. J
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Dear John,
Read the papers below.
1. Fox, M. S., Barbuceanu, M., & Teigen, R. (2001). Agent-oriented supply-chain management. In Information-Based Manufacturing (pp. 81-104). Springer, Boston, MA.
2. Fox, M. S., Chionglo, J. F., & Barbuceanu, M. (1993). The integrated supply chain management system. Technical report, Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Toronto.
3. Garcia-Flores, R., Wang, X. Z., & Goltz, G. E. (2000). Agent-based information flow for process industries' supply chain modelling. Computers & Chemical Engineering, 24(2-7), 1135-1141.
4. Thomassey, S., & Zeng, X. (2018). Introduction: Artificial Intelligence for Fashion Industry in the Big Data Era. In Artificial Intelligence for Fashion Industry in the Big Data Era(pp. 1-6). Springer, Singapore.
5. Syam, N., & Sharma, A. (2018). Waiting for a sales renaissance in the fourth industrial revolution: Machine learning and artificial intelligence in sales research and practice. Industrial Marketing Management, 69, 135-146.
Thanks,
Sobhan
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Educational attainment is the single largest predictor of life outcomes. The higher the attainment the more physical, mental and economic health is achieved. Therefore, I am interested in finding educational data sets for countries around the world; so that I may conduct an analysis of attainment and determine if there is an attainment gap between urban, suburban and rural schools? If there is a gap what is the extent of this gap, how prevalent is it and what are the possible contributing factors? The implication on sustainable community development? With the plan to move beyond descriptive to predictive models that highlight role if any attainment gaps play in confounding individual, community and societal well-being.
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My hypothesis is that the discourse of sustainability is a 'reflection' after a considerable/realisable 'damage'. Here, looking for historical positions on sustainability as a reflection in various socio-cultural-environmental practices/academia.
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The 20th century witnessed a paradigm shift in perceiving nature. The idea of environmental sustainability, including sustainable development and growth, is quite new, emerging in the second half of the 20th century. I am not aware of any similar ideas being driving forces of states' decision making prior to that.
The idea of 'sustainability' also requires foresight in the future, comprehensive planning for the future, an area that former (pre-20th century) way of thinking did not cover as it was more coined along the lines of ecological remedies. Additionally, although I do not challenge examples given here, I believe that decision-makers and overall government administrations anywhere in the world were considering sustainability as part of their agenda until the second half of the 20th century. Rise of the organisations such as UNESCO or IUCN after the WW2 can signify such shift, but then again, they were focused on nature protection and preservation, not on sustainability.
I believe that 'sustainability as an afterthought' is linked together to the general realization that anthropogenic influences really change the environmental quality in possibly irreversible way. This was realized, at least on international scene in 1970's when the Stockholm Declaration on the Human Environment was passed as a final document of the UN conference. This conference was called upon as an initiative of a Swedish government, so I suggest you can look for further information about the people behind it, it might prove useful as a starting point in examining the environmental-ideological discourse. Good luck!
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The sustainable supply chain and smart city supply chain literature provides a number of research models. Is this model appropriate for Smart City supply chain research? If not, I am interested in other options?
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There is no man in this model! Can there be a smart city, or any type of city if we take into account the market, the brand and the rest, and not the man. A good answer to this topic can be found in the Jan Gehl's book Cities for People!
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hello,
we are working to find already known naturally occuring plants, funghi, microbiota and the like, showing gabapentinoid activity or aiding the effect or helping with the reduction and so forth in order to support the tapering of pregabaline and similar substances and helping to rebuild normal functionality after the cessation.
it doesn't need to be exclusively focussed on gapapentinoid modes of action as there is probably a plethora of possibilities to start inducing a slow and protected adaptation of receptor density and Gaba supply and to heal the other affected metabolic and functional cycles in order to meet the demands placed by sobriety on the brain's constitution. 
i'm thinking for example of the modes of action of ketamine and ibogaine and other nmda antagonists.
also, which minerals and vitamins need to be primarily replenished (like b1, b5, b6, b7 b11, b12,...) and which nutrients or active substances (like taurine or magnesium,..) do aid the restoration process? 
we also look forward to all lifestyle recommendations like living free of stress, regular exercise, ... 
we welcome any input, ideas, hints, papers and research and hope together we can help a many good people who stumbled into a miserable situation!
thank you all in advance,
patrick schimpl
chairman of project: kindergarten, non-profit organisation, 'because if the world's a garden for children it's paradise'
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There are many herbs used as calcium channel blockers. But whether they contain gabapentins etc is to be researched.....
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I will be glad to have your comments on my research title and area of study, whether or not it is too general or vague. Basically, what I have in mind is to study the current "in-efficient", "sub-standard" and traditional construction practices in Kabul, comparatively check it with MMC and point out the merits of using MMC over conventional construction practices.
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To build upon a number of the points above, there are quite a few industry reports from the UK that may be of interest, such as: NHBC Foundation reports on "Modern methods of construction: views from industry" and "Building sustainable homes at speed: risks and rewards", and "Using modern methods of construction to build homes more quickly and efficiently" by the Naitonal Audit Office. All available here: http://www.nhbc.co.uk/builders/productsandservices/TechZone/MMCHub/Research/ 
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trying to figure out a way to define resilience indicators for a small-scale energy system (solar) developed with the beneficiary community.
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Hi Diego,
What are you specifically looking at, the resilience of what to what?
The following literature review paper would be very relevant to your question:
Please feel free to ask me any further questions you might have.
Sincerely,
Ali
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What could be the possible reasons that stakeholders of sustainable product development are supporting and contributing in the success of the product but innovation climate of the organization isn't moderating this relationship? Any references will be really helpful.
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Often how do you implement innovation and what process you follow during NPD does make a big difference.
For instance, detecting and early fixing of design can save a considerable amount of time, which can otherwise result in material waste, additional planning time, design time, reprocessing, and lost time-to-market implied by the correction process. 
The following paper outline many such scenarios, and what one should do to entice innovation, and improve quality and contents.
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When sustainable land use ideas were being discussed in 2001 I made the following comment for RIO + 10, for RIO +20 and now:
---------------------------------------------------
"March 10/2001/FAO-RIO10 Conference: commments on Draft Report/SARD Part I
From: "Lucio Munoz" <munoz1@sprint.ca>
To: "RIO10-Moderator" <RIO10-Moderator@fao.org>,
Subject: COMMENTS ON DRAFT REPORT/SARD PART I
Date: Sat, 10 Mar 2001 22:55:56 -0800
Dear Friends, my name is Lucio Munoz, I am an independent researcher based in Vancouver, Canada
II recall well, the problems at the time of Rio were, in general terms, increasing poverty and increasing environmental degradation.   The rio conference formally recognized these two aspects as the main issues to be addressed. A plan was made to address these two issues as soon as possible, but with long term objectives.
The content of the draft repor SARD Part I sent to me provides evidence that the policies originally followed to address poverty and environmental degradation led to increase poverty and increased environmental degradation.
Then globalization came to worsen the problem more by intenfying the poverty and environmental degradation problem of concern. Have we failed the goals of Rio so far?.
As things are right now, globalization forces will become more wild and poverty and environmental degradation appear to be moving to a critical stage. Eco-economic partnerships can not be the solution in the long term  as implied here if they leave out social concerns(the majority).
Over all, I see a systematic direct delinking of the goals(poverty and environmental degradation) that were set out 10 years a go and the instruments and processes chosen to achieve that.
This report indicates that while poverty increased and environmental degradation increased, production increased, standard of living in industrial/urban areas increased, awareness and NGO movements increased,
Goverment and international research networks increased, economic development over all increased, free trade increased, infrainstructure improvements have increased, vertical integration has increased, privatization has increased, and decentralization has increased.
It looks like the better we do in all the fronts above, the more poverty and environmental degradation we are generating. And the report suggest that the way out of this poverty and environmental cycle is to still improve still more those areas/tools/technologies that appear to be leading to the problem we are trying to address.
I would suggest that this issue should be looked a little bit closer.  Otherwise, we may find out during RIO-20 that poverty and environmental degradation are still worse.
My warm greetings to all. The views shared here with you are my personal views, I may be wrong. Your comments are welcome.
Sincerely yours;
Lucio Munoz
Vancouver, BC., Canada
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A new round of discussion is about to happen about "sustainable land use model" and the issues I raised are still valid, poverty and environmental issues are worse, is it not time to think in sustainability terms this time around? What do you think?
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Good day Luiz and Niels.  I think we should be able to have models of similar structure linked together from local, to provincial, to regional, to national, to blocks of countries, and one global, which can then be linked to global programs and banks and global institutions in a way that we create links of what it is needed globally with what it happening on the ground and be able to monitore it in real time yearly and ongoing...so each locality, province, region, block and the world know what they need to do based on sustainability land use planning and that others can see what they are doing....all from the deforested area/deforested area point of view...It can also help land users to connect directly with kyoto programs, global warming efforts....and so on.
I will bring together the ideas in the following papers:
Traditional Forestry, Sustainable Forestry, and Forestry Sustainability: Expressing Evolving Forestry Practices Using Qualitative Comparative Conjunctural Interactions
Beyond traditional sustainable development: Stating specific and general sustainability theory and sustainability indices using ideal present-absent qualitative comparative conditions
Linking Sustainable Development Indicators by Means of Present/Absent Sustainability Theory and Indices: The Case of Agenda 21
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Nepal is planning for reconstruction processes which overcome the bad structural health that introduce damages during Gorkha earthquake (Mw>7.8 ) that happened  in 12 of April 2015, killing many lives. The mushrooming cooperatives and micro finance companies exist in almost all district and village development committee. However, the financial resource mobilization as a government grant increase dependency as well as deficit for the individual house construction. Undoubtedly, people stop working. Spend time looking for the humanitarian aids, leaving agriculture field barren and consuming toxic drinks from installment support package for housing. In this connection the self dependency should structured within community by the community based financial institutions. The financial mobilization by micro- finance  institutions definitely decrease parasite living culture and encourage integrated finance which gives financial sustainability by community groups. Hence, i ask to the experts how  Nepalese communities will benefit from community finance for reconstruction in Nepal in the current situation.
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Ranjan, I was not familiar with the situation in Nepal. The publicly available articles are of this type: http://money.cnn.com/2015/04/27/news/nepal-earthquake-donations/
One can infer that there was substantial foreign aid to the victims and families, probably up to 100 million USD. I do not know if this amount grew further and how much was already spent for food and other basic necessities. I also do not know how much money the government plans to spend for reconstruction and to what extent it will cover the needs of private families that suffered disaster.
It  is difficult to estimate for me the exact cost of reconstruction. From this table 
I can infer that the cost to construct 1 sq.m of housing is about $345. If average house is 50 sq.m, then its cost should be $17,000, and one can construct about 6000 flats using $ 100 million.
US Geological Survey estimates the cost of damage to be between 1 and 10 billion USD; see http://money.cnn.com/2015/04/27/news/economy/nepal-earthquake-everest-tourism/index.html
If would be better if you inform us about report on the value of damage, received funds and spending. I suspect that maybe not all money were used efficiently.
As Brett tells us, these micro-finance companies are just giving credits, probably at high interest, and this is not the best (and major) solution. They are useful only to complement the funds that are still not available for reconstruction.
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Social housing in Latin America has long delays that hinder the implementation of sustainability; for instance, low investment, low productivity, the traditional way to plan and build, among others. Additionally, if we talk about sustainability, identity of communities should be taken into account in projects but this not really happen. Therefore, projects that do not conform to the population characteristics nor the biogeography are been constructed everyday with high consequences to environment and communities.
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You already mentioned some of the variables: social identity and cultural characteristics. You can add quality housing that considers the climate factors and architectural standards(energy saving and new technologies,...) and is in harmony with its surrounding context (natural and built environment from neighborhood to the urban scale).
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I wonder if anyone know pathways  or conceptual frameworks concerning to construction of successful ecosystems for innovation in emerging economies.
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I don't know for emerging countries, but I have done my dessertation aroud the developement of a model to help economic advisor to support technological entrepreuneurship in a context of co-innovation. One of my findings is that the economic development process is two-fold, and intermediated in innovative ecosystem. Third places, where people can experiment on the uses of technologies or solutions should be very helpful.
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Please I need comments on this as it will help to address a related research quest
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Hello Paulinus,
I have been thinking on this topic of sustainabilty for quitw some time now, In this I must admit my thinking and reading has started to sway. My position at first was leaning to the possibility of having some social program like the one you refer to be sustained. Howerever, living in the U.S for almost 55 years I am becoming more and more sceptical as time goes goes on. From my perspective based in Critical Social Theory, I asked myself and request all to ask ouselves; what has human kind socially built, excluding bricks and morter, that have been sustained? In thinking and searhing on this question I find less than the fingers on one hand.
That is were I would start Paulinus. It does not matter what others have defined, it is how you define it. Just as you can reject or think about what this responce is refering to. For example, when you think about sustainability does it include time and space? If it does then you have another starting point. Second, is your thinking on sustainability focused on communnity,state, nation state, or global? Third, what is the context in which you define sustsainabilty, this will greatly narrow and focuse the research. Fourth, as you research; ask youself what is connecting all the various studies together? Think about presuppositions, philosophicy, theory, political influence. I hope I don't sound as if... Fifth, consider what is burried deep in the relationship between this question the related research. Finaly, what I believe to the most important and rearly mentioned in discussions on research is look for what is not there (relates to 4) not said not reported. A lot of times silence and absence speak.
Last, my amswer to the first paragraph's ending question has something to do with linear time, not space in the geographic sense, and are global. Three concepts have meet my definenetion of sustainabilty, the first being patrairarchy and the others I leave to you Paulinus and others.
Hope I have helped,
Douglas 
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Please if you know some articles in this area, I will appreciate
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i would look at this from the ownership perspective. In a homogenous community in terms of culture and norms, it is likely that this community might be tight allowing little external market forces influence. this means that property values will be protected, maintenance of public spaces and communal utilities is more likely. This is also possible in a heterogenous society if they share the same norms such as religion. Sustainable residential property development must protect the existing culture but at the same time, it should be careful not to exclude other groups of people.
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Natural Fibre Reinforced Concrete.
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Usually you need dry fibers. Additionally you need them in a very divided form to let them be integrated into the concrete.  Also you need to consider that natural fibers absorb water. You must study the water capacity before make your concrete formulation as much as they will take all the avaliable water giving a brittle concrete -usually fiber is added after sand, cement and water. Some treatments to do fibers hydrophobic exist (thermal and acetilation treatments but not sure if this is desirable)..You have to consider the resistance of the obtained concrete to loading as much as the fiber usually reduced the resistance, also it increases curing time, it depends also on the use you intend. Think that you must consider that fibers will degrade upon time and will pssible cause CO2 inclusions into the concrete, pores and so on that could lead to reduced resistance, corrosion of reinforce steel and so on... I am not specialist, but there are lots of references about this subject.... 
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My personal interest in this follows an increase in publicity and advocation of "sustainable urban gardening", i.e. using discarded materials such as old tires to create subsistence container gardens in traditionally impoverished high-population density areas or those recovering from natural disasters. While the ability to grow enough nourishing food to sustain life is certainly superior to malnourishment and starvation, I worry about the potential for chronic health risks resulting from increased oral exposure to whatever the decomposition products of tires may be (i.e. PAHs, butadiene, phthalates, metals?). And where food is more easy to obtain, I'm concerned that the potential health risks may begin to outweigh the marginal health benefits. Thoughts? Exposure is not my field of expertise, but I'm curious: has anyone looked for the presence of tire decomposition products in vegetables grown in/near tires? Thank you for your time!
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For a review on aromatic amines (actually undergoing peer review) I have included a result from a German report for the Umweltbundesamt (equivalent to EPA): "Tire wear particles could be a significant source of the human carcinogen ortho-toluidine since extracts from shredded used tires contained on average 58.2 mg/kg (range 0.07-130) of ortho-toluidine." The full text of the report (in German!) can be downloaded: http://kinderumweltgesundheit.de/index2/pdf/dokumente/50076_1.pdf
Ortho-toluidine is blamed for increased bladder cancer incidence in a rubber manufacturing plant in New York State: for review see Carréon, T, Hein, MJ, Hanley, KW, Viet, SM, Ruder, AM: Bladder cancer incidence among workers exposed to o-toluidine, aniline and nitrobenzene at a rubber chemical manufacturing plant. Occup Environ Med 71, 175-182 (2014)
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Assume one considers the three spheres of sustainability and determines that based on those three paradigms the tourism industry in an area is deemed sustainable. Therefore, the assumption is that the communities in that area are directly accruing benefits from the industry and its negative impacts on the community are reduced. Surely then, all the capital (Scoones 2008) developed in that community is dependent on that tourism development. But even further, what happens to those in that community who are not directly impacted by the tourism industry? Hence I ask, although tourism in an area may be sustainable, does that necessarily translate into the community having a sustainable livelihood also?
Scoones, Ian. 2008. Sustainable Rural Livelihoods: A framework for Analysis. Institute of Development Studies
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You might also be interested in the websile of the Research programme financed by the European Union - DG R&I (within FP7):
The Integration of Mainstream Economic Indicators with Sustainable Development Objectives IN-STREAM