Science topic

Suicide - Science topic

Suicide is the act of killing oneself.
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I am trying to do a content analysis of suicidal posts on Facebook. But I am confused a little bit about the variable as to what variables I should focus on. Can anyone help me understand this phenomenon or is there anyone who can help me by providing the already-published sample of the paper on the said topic?
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Within psycholinguistic approaches, I would analyze markers of emotional correlation and genre form.
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Access to firearms is a well documented risk factor for suicide. Regardless of why someone might have one or more of AR-15 or similar weapon, there's no disputing their inherent lethality. Irrespective of whether or not they are ever employed as a means of suicide, does their implicit lethality affect the nature/intensity of suicidal ideation and the likelihood that ready access to one may significantly increase the risk of using any firearm in a suicide attempt? Does this have any bearing on the suicidality manifested by perpetrators of mass shootings? If access to firearms creates a baseline capability for suicide, does access to potentially much more deadly firearms enhance that capability?
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There's some credibility to the thought that access to any firearm has a positive correlation with suicide. Exposure to arms in a military, police, or other employment setting may well increase their use in suicides involving persons who have acquired familiarity with those weapons. As an incidental anecdote that might relate to familiarity with the method of suicide, a prominent toxicologist friend says that he sees nurses and doctors botch drug-induced suicide attempts frequently, but has never seen a veterinarian fail to kill themselves.
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I would like to take advantage of the Recombineering method to disrupt a specific gene in Vibrio cholerae but I'm afraid that the vector containing the λ Red system will affect the fitness of bacteria. Do you think that a low copy plasmid would solve this problem or I'd better use a suicide vector containing the λ Red system?
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Thank you Michael :)
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Email: mdredze@cs.jhu.edu ro4 the paper from 2015
This is the next: Although we have to be careful to make sure all appropriate steps are followed, we are very eager to share this resource with other researchers! Please send requests for access to the dataset to Philip Resnik (resnik@umd.edu). Requests should be based on this sample application, which has two parts:
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I have data about cases of suicide in prison. No data from people who did not commit suicide, i.e. no comparison group. I have data on the sex (binary), crime (categorical) and sentence (continuous) of each person who commit suicide. How can I best use this data? I guess I can calculate the odds ratio as a measure of association between each of those variables and the outcome (suicide), e.g. the odds of women committing suicide compared to men. But would you recommend that I first conduct a test of association? If so, would that be chi square for sex and Pearson's for crime and sentence? Thank you!
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Not necessary. Run a Kendall tau-b and risk odds across different variables such as gender. you will need to create bivariates in your categorical data and an exploratory descriptives examination will tell you where best to divide your variables. for instance, use the median to divide the agegroup and sentence length if this makes sense to the context. You can also run anova on any continuous variables.
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Which instrument did the reseacher used in the study
Social support and Suicidal risk among secondary school student of cape town
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Ive read about some scales that I would like to use to create mine but I cannot find the actual scale: Attitudes towards attempted suicide, Attitudes towards deliberate self harm, suicide opinion questionnaire. Ive emailed authors but no response. Please help
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Thanks guys. I have googled it and been searching for a couple weeks now.
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I am a humanities academic, and I deeply care for the future wellbeing of humanity. I also care for the environment. And I am aware that the soil, the basis of our food and survival, has been exploited. The very survival of us humans is threatened:
More than 50% of all agricultural soil has been degraded. Desertification is progressing at a frightening pace. A lot of farmers commit suicide because the quality of their crops is going down and they can no longer make a living. Scientists like Jane Goodall remind us that all topsoil could be lost in 60 years, unless we change direction.
As academics, we can contribute to a sustainable future. How can we draw more attention to this disastrously serious situation? What can we do in order to make our politicians understand that concrete change is needed?
Please watch Jane Goodall's Appeal to join the
@ConsciousPlanet Movement:
#SaveSoil
@SaveSoil
#ConsciousPlanet #EnvironmentalProtection #Gratitude #NatureProtection
@UNCCD
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Dear Christa,
I think behind the soil degradation and desertification the reason is lacking of awareness. Only a farmer knows the value of soil. Other professionals are so busy in their life style that they literally don't know the value of a pinch of soil. As a academic community we should spread the awareness among all the people step wise. We have to make them understand that to build up a gram of soils it takes many years. And ultimately our food is coming from soil only. "No soul without soil".
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The following HHS factsheet -- see link below & attachment - states that one can help prevent suicides by ASKING a person-at-risk directly if they have thoughts or plans to kill themselves; using the word SUICIDE will NOT suggest they kill themselves, but rather start a discussion which may help them.
What research demonstrated what has become "wisdom" in Suicide Prevention?
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intervieuw:
Shea, S.C. (1998). The chronological assessment of suicide events: A practical
interviewing strategy for the elicitation of suicidal ideation. Journal of Clinical
Psychiatry, 59, 58-72.
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Dear mental health worker and/or clinical researcher,
In response to the article Case Report Evidence for Underregistration of Suicide.
We wonder if there are more examples, among colleagues, for evident suspicion that a person has died by suicide but registered as other cause in the national mortality registration?
Maybe we can collect more cases for more evidence?
Of course evidence for overregistration is also needed!
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a chara Dr Remco: Thank you for your illuminating response. While trying urgently to complete the final chapter #17 of my draft text, I'm tempted to put on Pat Jennings' gloves (legendary Northern Ireland football goal-keeper) to collect & extend your metaphorical 'open-goal' reference. The Critical Suicide Studies Network, (CSSN) would argue that such an 'escape route' - the suicide option - for those sisters and brothers, miserably despairing & suicidal, is a construct built and maintained by a society (US modelled, conditioned, reinforced and rewarded) that ignores contexts, cultures, and dominant social/political systems, while enforcing a burgeoning, suffocating, coercive, individualistic psychological regime that fails so many 'patients'. My late brother (RIP) lost his 31 year-old life having become entangled in such an impersonal, pharmacological labyrinth. Dear Remco, have a look at the CSSN website: it could point to a different way of thinking about suicide for all of us. Slan Philip O'Keeffe PhD
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Earlier this year in southeastern Pennsylvania (USA), a male in his 60s took his life by blowing up his home (and three others nearby) after assaulting a code enforcement officer with a handgun and briefly barricading himself in his home and engaging in a standoff with police. He had no known history of mental health treatment, appeared to be estranged from any family, and had few social contacts according to neighbors.
Reports on hoarding cite factors often associated with suicidality,.
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Tony Salvatore
Here is a paper:
Relationship between symptom severity, psychiatric comorbidity, social/occupational impairment, and suicidality in hoarding disorder
CA Archer, K Moran, K Garza, JJ Zakrzewski… - Journal of Obsessive …, 2019 - Elsevier
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I have initiated an intervention in 2 communities in an area where suicide rates are very high. I will be initiating the same approach in 2 villages in another district where suicide rates are high. I am doing a literature search on intervention for suicide prevention and so far have not found anything. I am approach this initiative as part of the participatory action research paradigm.
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As many as four in 10 UK PhD students may be at “high risk” of suicide, according to a study that underlines the chronic levels of stress among doctoral candidates...
Loneliness and intellectual insecurity highlighted as prime reasons for elevated suicide risk among doctoral researchers...
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"In colleges and universities in the United States, suicide is one of the most common causes of death among students.[1] Each year, approximately 24,000 college students attempt suicide while 1,100 students succeed in their attempt, making suicide the second-leading cause of death among U.S. college students.[2][3] Roughly 12% of college students report the occurrence of suicide ideation during their first four years in college, with 2.6% percent reporting persistent suicide ideation.[3] 65% of college students reported that they knew someone who has either attempted or died by suicide, showing that the majority of students on college campuses are exposed to suicide or suicidal attempts.[4]"
"Why Is Suicide So Common Among College Students?"
"Burnout in College: What Causes It and How to Avoid It"
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There is nothing more tragic than student suicide. iAcademic stress plays a part but there is also being away from home, often too early, disillusionment with both social and academic life, substance abuse, behavioral addictions, broken hearts, competitiveness, loneliness, lack of confidants, mental health problems, medical problems, stigmatization, money problems, bullying, unsympathetic teachers. Large universities are cold, anonymous places and students come unprepared.
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What do you think are the most important psychological disorders associated with COVID-19?
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Los más comunes son depresión, estrés, miedo, ansiedad, desesperación, tristeza etc
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Dear researchers
I would like to know about a quasi-experimental program of behavioral therapy for suicide idea
thank you for supporting me
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Suicidal ideation from parents to their children: An association between parent's suicidal ideation and their children's suicidal ideation in South Korea Wonjeong Chae, Eun-Cheol Park, Sung-In Jang PII: S0010-440X(20)30023-7 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comppsych.2020.152181 Reference: YCOMP 152181 To appear in: Comprehensive Psychiatr
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Hello,
I am conducting a case-control study for suicide where controls are matched to cases on the date of the suicide death (index date), hence, risk-set sampling. An electronic medical database is employed for the purpose of the study. When assessing the exposure, e.g. self-harm, should I consider the exposure at any point in the patient's clinical course or only up to the date of suicide death/index date? To elaborate, while cases die and do not contribute further to the database, controls remain for some time later contributing to more information. Shall I account for that information or stop at the index date?
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A very informative and relevant paper to my study. Thanks for sharing Robert.
Yes, I will keep the time of exposure similar for the cases and their matched controls.
one remark though is that self-harm is a robust risk factor for suicide but not necessarily every suicide case would have experienced previous self-harm.
best wishes
Danah
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I'm trying to locate articles on endometriosis and suicide . I've searched extensively to no avail. Wondering if there are any publications regarding this matter or is it not discussed ? Thanks Lisa
Link-> Endometriosis: Women 'taking their own lives' due to lack of support - World News Empire
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HI Abdoulie, I managed to find below article on Linkedin as posted by world leader Endometriosis and Pelvic Pain Awareness: Infertility, Suicidal Ideation, and Cancer - Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada (jogc.com) ,
A survey would be interesting indeed!!! Thanks Lisa
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In suicide prevention there are many high-risk populations hiding in plain sight that are overlooked. One such group is police chiefs. There are at least 3-5 media reports of suicides of chiefs, deputy chiefs, and sheriffs every year in US big cities and small towns. There doesn't seem to be much literature on suicide risk among in the upper echelons of local law enforcement. These individuals accrue all the suicide risk affecting those they manage plus that coming with their jobs. This often takes the form of being terminally trapped between the demands of elected officials and the needs of their departments and communities. Many lack civil service protection and may face termination or demotion if they resist budget or staffing cuts, "political" personnel decisions, threats to consolidate with other jurisdictions, and worse. Community dissatisfaction, personal issues, and pending retirement may also be factors. In any case, suicide prevention targeting police (as well as other emergency responders) must address risk at all levels of the department or agency.
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Thank you.
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Does anyone know publications that addressed the following question?: Do lifetime suicidal behaviors impact on addiction treatment adherence or relapses?
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Those who have suicidal behavior turn impulses into action. This impulsivity definitely affects the treatment and adherence process.
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I am conducting a logistic regression in order to examine whether there is an interaction between the number of stressors participants were currently experiencing (between 0-9) and their current levels of hopelessness (1-5 likert scale). The binary outcome variable/DV is whether participants did (1) or did not (0) experience suicidal thougts. All variables were centred round the mean (Z-scored) before being entered into the regression. We have a large sample size (over 12,000 participants). Multicollinarity should not be a problem as 'stressors' and 'hopelessness' are only correlared at rs = 0.31.
When I ran the regression, the effect of stressors was signficant, the effectt of hopelessness was significant and the interaction term was significant (all at p < .001). Please see the output in the attached file.
To probe the direction of the interaction, I have plotted the data using Jeremy Dawson’s excel sheet, ( http://www.jeremydawson.com/slopes.htm ) and I have also manually plotted the data. Both of these graphs show that the relationship between stressors and suicidal thoughts is much stronger under conditions of high hopelessness.
However, to formally test the direction of the interaction, I divided participants into 3 groups (low/medium/high hopelessness) and for each group I ran a binary logistic regression with suicidal thoghts (yes/no) as the DV and number of stressors experienced as the IV. In this analysis, the beta coeficient and the Exp(B) odds ratio shows the opposite to the plots. The Beta and Exp(B) value for stressors are (Low hopelessness: B = 0.70, Exp(B) = 2.01, medium hopelessness: B = 0.54, Exp(B) = 1.72, high hopelessness: B = 1.53, Exp(B) = 1.53). They show the relationship between stressors and suicidal thoughts being stronger under conditions of low hopelessness.
I have also conducted spearman correlations between stressors and suicidal thoughts at the levels of low/medium/high hopelessness and they show what the plots show, that he relationship between stressors and suicidal thoughts is stronger under conditions of high hopelessness (low hopelessness: rs = 0.3, medium hopelessness: rs = 0.13, high hopelessness: rs = 0.07).
I am at a complete lost as to why the follow up tests are different to the plots and the spearmen correlations. If anyone could shed any light on this or suggest any reasons for this I would be very grateful.
I can also confirm that I have checked the variable labels about 20 times and there is no mislabelling occurring.
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David Eugene Booth Yes indeed. In hindsight, predictors would've been a more suitable term than 'factors' since we're talking about regression here.
James Knowles David makes a good point about starting simple and transitioning to more complex models as needed, rather than the other way around. Sometimes looking at descriptives and various plots can tell you more about the phenomenon of interest than follow-up tests (*this is something that took years of confusing myself to grasp).
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Dear all,
i am a research scholar and currently i am working on a suicidal behavior, and i am looking for a scale called (ACSS-FAD) along with a Scoring manual, if any body can help me to get this measuring tool. this will be the most kindness...
thanks
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the above mentioned scales are already purchased by our department..@
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In India, According to the latest National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) data on suicides, 10,281 farmers committed suicide in 2019, down from 10,357 in 2018, whereas the figure for daily wagers went up to 32,559 from 30,132.
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Following
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It's often difficult to imagine what led someone to commit suicide. There may be no warning signs. Often, many factors combine to lead to a decision to commit suicide. It is often an act made during a storm of strong emotions and life stresses rather than after careful consideration.
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Irwig MS in a article titled "Finasteride and Suicide: A Postmarketing Case Series." published in
Dermatology. 2020 Jan 14:1-6. reported that "Men under the age of 40 who use finasteride for alopecia are at risk for suicide if they develop persistent sexual adverse effects and insomnia." Do you agree with the opinion? If yes, what could be your possible explanation?
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Tragically, in 1906, Boltzmann committed suicide and many believe that the statistical mechanics was the cause. He provided the current definition of entropy, interpreted as a measure of statistical disorder of a system His student, Paul Ehrenfest, carrying on Boltzmann's work, died similarly in 1933. William James, in 1909, found dead in his room probably due to suicide. Bridgman, the statistical physics pioneer, committed suicide in 1961. Gilbert Lewis, took cyanide in 1987after not getting a Nobel prize.
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Well, I suppose there are many statistical physicists who did not commit suicide. Gibbs and Helmholtz did not, and Fowler died of poor health (probably following a war injury), not by suicide. Maxwell did not commit suicide, he died of cancer. So I doubt that the basic statement of most physicists that worked in statistical mechanics committing suicide is true.
As to Boltzmann's suicide, as I understand it, he did not kill himself due to the difficulties of his subject driving him crazy. Rather it was the poor reception of his work, people that did not believe in atoms mocking him, that may have contributed to his suicide. Even that is not a safe bet: he suffered from depression which is a (sometimes deadly) illness all by itself, not necessarily connected to his work. His sister died in mental derangement, so there may be a strong hereditary component to the cause of his death.
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Hello,
I want to generate a deletion mutant of Acinetobacter baumannii. I want to use the suicide vector pBIISK. I already have the plasmid containing the up- and downstream region of the gene of interest. However, I am not able to transform A. baumannii. I already tried electroporation with sucrose or 10% glycerol, DNA uptake ("Natural transformation") with and without NaCl, transconjugation (horizontal gene transfer) from E. coli S17-1. I also tried to use motility agar plates for natural transformation, but everything failed.
Is there another protocol for transformation?
Thanks a lot!
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Interesting question. Following the discussion.
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please I need a sample of a relevant questionnaire
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Paykel Suicide Scale (PSS).
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I am looking for a self-report measure of suicidal ideation. We will be excluding participants who endorse intent (assessed via clinician interview), and need a scale with sensitivity towards the less severe end of suicidality to track across treatment in an RCT.
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It may be helpful to consider the Paykel Suicide Scale (PSS).
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The increasing number of suicides on the one side is horrifying and on the other side makes us think deeply. What preventive measures do we need to adapt to reduce the alarming rate of suicides?
In the filed of education and especially with regard to value education and personality development what more can we do or suggest?
I am in the process of preparing an article for The Teenager Today Journal and your contribution within the coming 6 days (21-27 July) will be much appreciated.
Thanks
Teresa Joseph
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Suicidal ideation in young people stem from different sources. Here is our take on the issue:
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Hi,
I am working on a pathogenic streptococci strain harboring a ~20 kb sized plasmid.
I would like to generate a mutant by removing this plasmid from bacteria or inactivate its expression using any genetic engineering technic.
If anyone has experience on this or read well-described research paper, please give me comments. Additionally, is allelic exchange using homologous recombination (using suicide vector) still applicable on genes located in plasmid?
Please give me any suggestions and answers.
Regards
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Allelic exchange will normally still work on a plasmid but be aware that if the plasmid is present in multiple copies you may not efficiently be able to target all copies. So some sort of post-segregation analysis will be needed to ensure you have a population carrying only your "mutant" plasmid.
Plasmid curing is more difficult, in E. coli the classical methods were to grow for a number of generations in acridine orange and then test for curing. But you need a phenotype for the plasmid to do so effectively.
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I am researching the impact of grief and loss on meaningful connection. Can professionals really listen and respond appropriately to clients thoughts of suicide and experiences of loss - if they are not digesting and caring for thier own losses? Does personal disconnect lead to meaningless assessments?
I am interested in any research on this area of personal experiences.
Many thanks for your thoughts.
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Personally, I believe that "I've not been heard," far too much in life. But that certainly doesn't negatively impact "my own," ability to listen, negatively. In fact, I think it enhances my ability to listen. Empathy is a condition of humility and spiritual connectedness. Without humility and spiritual connectedness, the "listener" has very little motivation to truly "hear" what a person is experiencing in grief.
If there isn't significant humility, then the grieving individual's shared experience really wouldn't mean that much to me. But, recognizing MY OWN times of being ignored really do enhance my own ability to listen, since I recognize the injustice of being minimized/ignored during my own periods of grief/trauma.
I am becoming a Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, mainly because several people have stated that I "found my gift" in pediatric psychiatry. Who more needs someone to really LISTEN to them than pediatrics who have mental health problems and are in crisis? I believe taking the time to listen to children, and discover what's really "eating their lunch," underneath the behavior problems, is critical to being a good provider of mental health services.
I suppose I wouldn't have a passion for this area of health care, had I not experienced significant difficulties myself, and have compassion for them, and what they need to share... AND FEEL HEARD/understood. After all, BEING HEARD is one of the most basic of human needs.
Good question, by the way!
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Best practice or tested / approved methods we are inquiring.
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Thank you both for your answer. Still there isn't a specialized suicide prevention program for LGBT persons as far as I know but there are some initiations. LGBT people are at least mentioned among the most vulnerable groups in these documents: https://www.mentalhealthandwellbeing.eu/publications/#reports
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many research studies on prevalence of suicide behaviors have been conducted so far in different provinces, however, the national study will provide suitable data on suicide behaviors if this item has been included in the project
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looking for any studies on the subject.
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Marian, you may find the work of Ting et al. (2011) on stress and suicide as well as the scholarly work of Sprang et al. (2007) on burnout and compassion fatigue useful. Likewise, the emerging work of Figley and Figley (2017) on compassion fatigue resilience could provide you with an additional lens to examine your topic area.
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I am organizing a special session "road traffic suicides" at the 7th International Conference on Traffic and Transport Psychology (ICTTP), 25-27 August 2020, Gothenburg, Sweden. https://icttp2020.se
So far we have 3 potential presenters: Anna-Lena Andersson (SWE) would talk about classification methods, Inkeri Parkkari (FIN) about those who commit suicides & me about heavy vehicle drivers who were the second party in suicide crashes .
If you currently work on this topic, please submit your abstract. In the online submission system ‘Under Topics’ select ‘Special sessions (e.g., EU projects, organisations/professional bodies)’ & then ‘Road traffic suicides (Igor Radun)’. All submitted abstracts will be reviewed by independent reviewers.
If you know a researcher currently working on this topic, please share this info.
Abstract submission closes on December 25.
Igor
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Thanks for the feedback. Will be following up with the program.
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A while back we discussed suicide across cultures. And I am in my4th year of conducting research on combat trauma. We know that 20 vets a day kill themselves. Only 6 of them are followed by a VAC?
This attached article which appears on The Fix Addiction Site, addresses the broader context of suicide. I invite any and all comments and observations.
Rich
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Dear Richard Kensinger
In Islamic countries, suicide is much less than in Western countries. As Islam forbade killing the soul and considered it a major sin. Also, the more faith an individual has, and he is a religious person, maintaining his worshipers from praying, fasting, and reciting the Qur’an, his thinking about suicide is greatly reduced. Suicide has been linked more with capitalist countries where there is less spiritual, less religious, and purely materialistic control. In spite of scientific progress, economic and high incomes, we find countries like Switzerland, Japan, and America with higher suicide rates.
Strengthening and strengthening the spiritual aspect and good psychological state is one of the ways to prevent suicide.
Best Wishes
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I do communication studies and during a course my teacher explained that " society has never been so connected, and that there has never been so much communication between people as there is today, but surprisingly the feeling of loneliness is higher than ever before and suicide too". I often hear about th society progress but it is very paradoxical.
What can explain this phenomenon ?
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Communication per se does not help the experienced despair and feelings of lack of meaning in a person's life. I attach our papers:
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I am needing to package lentivirus that contains a suicide construct that will be selectively toxic in epithelial cells. Has anyone had luck packaging lentivirus in cells other than HEK-293T?
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I am developing both an inducible (FK506-based dimerization) and constitutive (leucine zipper) system, as this meets the needs of my in vivo experimental approach. Of course packaging the inducible system will not be a problem, but I need to be able to package the constitutive suicide construct as well. I have considered using a small molecule caspase-3 (my suicide gene) inhibitor during packaging in 293T cells, but if another non-epithelial packaging line is a viable option then that seems like a good alternative.
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Assisted suicide or euthanasia; It’s not legalizing what's illegal?
Legislators have always played well with words, even with regard to death: suicide, assisted suicide, voluntary termination of life, euthanasia, etc. the most commonly used terms are: assisted suicide and euthanasia. Is this distinction simply semantic or does it cover a real difference of philosophy?
Several countries have already legalized assisted suicide and / or euthanasia: Switzerland, Belgium or the Netherlands, some US states, etc. Thus this practice is tolerated in these countries; the concerned must motivate his request, sometimes in front of a psychologist, and have all his discernment to obtain the lethal product. Does the law that decides to come to this world, so that the legislation gives its opinion on the end of our life?
Doctors are still much more trained to heal and save than to help or assist a person wanting to commit suicide! Against the oath of Hippocrates, which is at the origin of the medical ethics; against what is unforgivable by all the monotheistic religions or the majority of the other religions, which existed always on the ground; and against the logic which prevents us to take or confiscate what does not belong to us ... Does not the doctor become the servant of death?
In Switzerland, for example, the number of assisted suicides is going up, in 2017, 286 people resorted to assisted suicide in French-speaking Switzerland, an increase of 32.5% over the previous year. Has the doctor become a serial killer?
Who can guarantee that the patient's state of health is irreversible?
Who can guarantee that the person desiring to commit suicide is able (psychological and mental aptitude) to make such a decision?
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Okay, philosophically speaking, we cannot answer such questions without referring to religion; life or death.
In this case, the monotheistic religions, and especially the Islamic religion, which did not fail to repeat that we do not have the right to commit suicide, and the one who causes a murder without valid reason is a murderer, therefore is a sin.
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Continuing from my previous questions or exploration, what does it mean trying to see things / or research certain phenomena from a "sociological" perspective? Do we have a common definition of what is "society" today and what is the function of "society" given the globalisation and social networking, technology advancement, mobility of people, media influence, boundary-less society? What does the function of society serve today from the context of sociology and psychology? If this basic building block evolves - will it not affect how I should study "suicide" from a "sociological" perspective? This may also influence the context how "social norm" should be viewed?
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After this entanglement, you can perhaps address suicide.
The pressing dynamic are the flows of human in transnational spaces...and how technology adding and shaping one relation to the world.
Remember too US and Euro have different insights in how issues resolved.
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I want to know about scales which can measure suicidal desire, lowered fear of death, increased pain tolerance. Kindly suggest me some authentic scales which can be used...
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Beck Hopelessness Scale
(BHS)
  • Aaron T. Beck, MD
Beck Hopelessness Scale® measures negative attitudes about the future. Responding to the 20 true or false items on the (BHS®), patients can either endorse a pessimistic statement or deny an optimistic statement.
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My question is simple -
Do you want to help someone ?
Do you want to help change someones life for the better ?
Do you want to have an impact on lowering the suicide rate?
What would you do for someone you love? Anything..
The struggle of addiction and mental health is more prominent today than ever before. With suicide & mental health rates increasing everyday and the lack of information & resources out there required to help tackle and deal with these things are limited.
Granted that there are services out there that do help and do work but are not always easily accessible or in some cases to late. The world is changing and it is becoming more prominent that suicide and mental health are real issues that are being overlooked in some cases where they should not of been.
Change is needed to a better quality of service, information and care that is currently being provided.
Please help us with our research to understand more from holistic overview,
help us to help those that are indeed struggling but are not getting the attention that is required.
Link below is to the study :-
Thank You
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I took the survey to help. A good piece of work!
I think addictions treatment should not just focus on the old model of abstinence and 12 steps. There are many newer techniques including acupuncture and holistic approaches which should be integrated into the treatment protocol. The old approach of "confront, confront..." does not work with every addict. Use of the "Stages for Change" model ( Prochaska and DiClemente) along with a full blown assessment of where the client is and their support system and beliefs is vital.
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Gun violence against one's self or others may be a planned behavior. However, current theoretical models of suicide, specifically the "ideation to action" theories of Joiner, O'Connor, and Klonsky and May, posit suicide as most frequently a planned behavior involving a process of mounting risk acuity over some period. Homicides, particularly mass shootings, are also known to be planned. In the US, 20 states have enacted or passed Extreme Risk Protection Order (ERPO) legislation (AKA "red flag laws") authorizing a local court to temporarily remove access to personal firearms if an individual is deemed at near-term risk of homicide or suicide. Advocates of such policies cite their value as preventive measures, especially in regard to suicide. It is argued that separating the at-risk person from her/his guns is an effective deterrent. There are reports both supporting and challenging this premise. However, the research only looks at rates of gun violence in specific states before and after passage of ERPO laws. No attention is given to the generic sources and nature of risk for homicide and suicide. Gun access in the home is a known risk factor for both, but is suicide risk inherently more enduring (consider "acquired capability") than homicide risk? Do homicides more likely involve short-term factors (e.g., interpersonal conflict)? This question relates to a policy science rather than “gun politics” perspective, i.e., are ERPO laws more efficacious in regard to firearms homicides than firearms suicides based on what we know of the nature of suicide risk? ? Here is a source on the topic: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/10746077_Homicide_and_Suicide_Risks_Associated_with_Firearms_in_the_Home_A_National_Case-Control_Study.
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This hypothesis might be true in USA and latin america where gun licence laws are are liberal no state control present, but in India homicides with firearm are mostly planned.
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Basic ingredients of the first green revolution were: HYV seeds with superior genetics; use of chemicals - pesticides and fertilizers; and multiple cropping system supported by the use of modern farm machinery and proper irrigation system.
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Yes. Farmers' suicide is one of many unfortunate products of green revolution. The many books of Dr. Vandana Shiva describe in detail the extirpation of family farms due to an expansion of industrial agriculture, as predicated by the green revolution. Its rethoric (growing more food to feed an increasing population) was very simplistic yet effective in getting support from governments and the agroindustry that profited enrmously from the skyrocketing demand for all the inputs of production (seed, agrichemicals, machinery, etc.). The same tragedy is happening right now with the power of the same agroindustry that now has more sophisticated inputs for sale (transgenic seed, GMOs, drones and more computer-based technologies), with many more farmers worldwide taking their own lives because they cannot out-compete agribusiness.
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Due to the advancement in machine learning and it's application in psychiatry and clinical psychology, their is a need to understand the reliability of various programming software for predicting the prevalence of suicide and it's risk factors.
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This requires the quantification of mental health by a forensic simulator.
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In recent times, students have been involved in committing suicide. I think the academic libraries would play some roles in stopping this act
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Librarian should act as doctor to analyse the problems of users at the level of personalized service to the users. Reading of any appropriate book may change the life of particular user here to prevent from suicide by giving right book to right reader (Dr. Ranganathan laws of library science)
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Hello everyone,
I'm studying the link between psychopathy and self-aggression/suicide. All variables are numeric.
IV is psychopathy: 4 levels.
DV is self-aggression.
I would like to test the contribution of gender, traumatic experiences and aggressiveness.
And control age and borderline personality disorder (BDP).
I'm considering these two options:
1. Multiple regression + post hoc: First I would do a multiple regression to test the 4 levels of the IV and then analyse the contribution (moderation / mediation) of gender, traumatic experiences and aggressiveness.
But using this method I can't control age and BDP, right?
2. Multiple hierarchical regression : First I would do a multiple regression to test the 4 levels of the IV. Then first model would include age and BDP, second one gender, third traumatic experiences and fourth aggressiveness. I would do 4 regressions, one for each level of the IV (psychopathy).
If the difference of R2 between model 1 and 2, 3, 4 is significant then I can report ΔR2 as the additional variance explained, hence knowing if any of the variables have an impact on self-aggression.
Thanks in advance!
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You do not need to do any post-hoc tests for multiple linear regression analysis.
From the part correlation column you see how much each IV contributes with (when you square the part correlation you get the %). The IV percentages do not add up to the R2 because the only tell how much each IV uniquely and significantly contribute to the total variance in your DV.
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I am writing about the influence of mental health treatment, the timeliness of intervention, modalities used, any identifiable differences in the cause of death (combat-related, other suicide, prolonged injury/illness), and the mental health of the surviving parent on the efficacy of therapeutic interventions for military bereft children. How might the mental health of the surviving parent moderate the outcomes of therapeutic interventions? When does the child improve through the chosen interventions; prior to the surviving parent healing, simultaneously, or is there no correlation? I have too many questions to address here.
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Interesting. This will be contributive to the many families who have to go through this … Good luck.
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Hi Friends,
I am working on Suicide in immigrants in the light of social integration theory. Currently i need measurement scale for social integration in immigrants, if any body can help so please share.
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This is an interesting research Ubaid Rehman which can lead to suicide mitigation and prevention. The word social integration in suicide studies is much popularised by Durkheim in late 19th century and is still widely used. Some have focused on community integration, religious integration, family integration, etc., instead of society at large. We used Zimet Social Support (Family, Friends, Significant Others) scales to measure protective factors in our suicide research. Some have argued that the whole impetus of "social integration" in the perspective of suicide intervention and prevention is level of social (emotional) support one can gets from this integration. You do not need to integrate into every aspect of the whole society (especially if you are considering immigrant adjusting to new culture) to avoid being isolated.
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Research on suicide among university students in sub Saharan Africa. Join me in this study. preferably with a background in suicide research and publications.
Norman D Nsereko
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Interesting Norman David Nsereko . I think I have not really seen any suicide studies from Uganda. What's your sample size and sampling methods? We just completed some studies on undergraduate university students from China and US, but we used SBQ-R. Suicide attempt (previous suicide attempt) is about 1-2%. SI differs between male and female and can be about 15-20% of the sample. Interestingly, we found female college students in US have the highest suicidality - Out of five, one has suicidal ideation, and out of five who have suicidal ideation, one self-reported to have attempted suicide before.
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As I have done my tests (Langrangian and Hausman) they showed that I have to do Random Effects analysis. I am analyzing the link between happiness of EU countries and other variables (GDP, Suicide rates, Gini index, Education index, Unemployment, GPI, Temperature and Life expectancy). I have added the outcome of my random effects test on R. What should be the other appropriate steps to analyze this? It shows R coefficient of 42 percent, while some non-logical assumptions such as - suicide rates increase happiness..
I apologize for these dumb questions, I'm working on my bachelor's thesis and I do not have a very strong understanding of Econometrics
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This is an interesting analysis provided you have adequate and quality data. Suicide should have opposite relationship with bad things like happiness index, unemployment, economic issues and hardships, and many other negative live events that impact one's economic position … Other things that may affect suicide can be more micro issues such as own's negative live events like relationship problems, illnesses, etc. Regards Vilius Bikneris
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Many among us, including myself, reach a stage in life from where rest of the journey becomes vividly clear, and appears totally pointless, having lost all perspectives to living does it makes sense to go on uselessly ? if a person comes to own conclusion and own decision to continue no more, should he or she be or not be granted the scope to put own self out of the misery ?
All opinions in this regard are welcome.
Thanks
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Dear Debopam Ghosh after 02 yrs post doc exp as a chief chemist in QC and 05
yrs Contractual Teaching experience from the last sept ,2018 I am totally jobless
and now I am a crippled JOBLESS / UNEMPLOYED fellow for one yr and today I
see your great question .
Actually after my fathers death I have read WHAT IS DEATH / Ultimatum of life / What is the faith of SOUL . At the age of 47 yrs 06 months my realization tells
soul / spirit passes through a TUNNEL . At the end of DARK TUNNEL a point
source of optics is observed and that is the driving force of every SOUL / SPIRIT .
Thanks .
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Confused by the term "at risk"
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thank you!
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Does it come from Ministry of Health (based on what data) or from the police? I think there may be some under-estimation along the pipe-line. Good data may guide the legislator and government introduce good suicide awareness and suicide prevention programme targeting at-risk group. Low data mislead everybody to think things are fine out there. Currently WHO is quoting Malaysia per annual suicide rate as 6/100K population.
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Many thanks Michael Uebel
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WHO published two rates on suicide - Country suicide rate, and age-adjusted suicide rate. There is no definition on age-adjusted suicide rate. How does this being adjusted and what is further estimation of any variables being involved?
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Many thanks Michael Uebel
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Does joy and happiness come from the Supernatural?
Is joy and happiness inborn?
Is joy and happiness determined by environmental factors?
Can joy and happiness be controlled; increased or decreased?
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Dear Victor, you raised a very important question, and for those who are going to commit suicide, this is truly a vital question!
However, I do not see a connection between the decision to commit suicide and joy or happiness.
He who dared to leave life - how to inculcate in his consciousness that there are joyful moments in life and moments when a person is happy. We do not know the intentions of standing on the road to suicide.
It seems to me that the question is posed incorrectly.
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It appears that considerably more research has been devoted to risk factors for elder suicide than to identifying protective factors. In fact, there are very few research reports or even commentaries on the latter. Protective factor research is not exactly a growth industry in suicide research but the dearth of any literature on elders is a concern given their high risk (at least for elder men) and growing numbers in the US and elsewhere.
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Hi Tony,
If a sense of purpose or meaning is important in all age group i can add our paper. perhaps you read it already. Best regards Béatrice
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We are currently designing a nested case-control study based on retrospective registry healthcare data available over a 4-year period. We have identified all cases, and are now looking into the selection of controls.
We want to use incidence density or risk set sampling, so selected controls should still be eligible as controls for future cases, and can be selected twice or more.
How should we select controls exactly when selecting from a retrospective registry dataset? We believe that if we select a control for a case occurring at time x, we should add all registry data we have available for this control up to time x, and delete all registry data available for this control after x. However, this control should still be available as a control for a case occurring at time x+y. If we select this control again for another case at time x+y, should we just add all available registry between x and y data to that control's data in the dataset? Or should we end up with two separate rows in our dataset by duplicating the control, and add data up to time x for the first duplicate, and up to time y for the second duplicate?
We believe the former makes more sense but do not find guidance on this in the literature.
Any advice in this would be greatly appreciated!
Philippe
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Hi Philipe,
I tend to agree with James, the first approach of selecting the controls with data up to a specific timepoint seems much easier.
Regards,
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This possibility is being explored especially in regard to PTSD. It particularly applies to combat vets who I provide free clinical consultation to. We lose 20 vets a day to suicide due to the repeated and severe traumas they experience.
Rich
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The most difficult memories do not necessary stem from one's own sins
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Im at the end of a Diploma in Drug and Alcohol Studies with the hope of building a new career in the sector. We are currently on the second last set of assignments about the relationship between chemical substance abuse and lifestyle. Any help welcome.
Kind regards
Liam
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It is nothing but pharmacological abuses of drug . So psychiatric as well as psychological councilling is essential
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Hi Friends,
I am working on Suicide in immigrants in the light of social integration theory. Currently i need measurement scale for social integration in immigrants, if any body can help so please share.
Best,
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Hi Mr. Ubaid Rehman,
You may have benefits from Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS). LSAS was developed in 1987 by Liebowitz. It is a self-rated questionnaire and is divided in two subscales namely social anxiety and social avoidance. Each subscale includes 24-item with 4-point Likert-Scale for screening of social phobia. Goog luck.
Sincerely,
Mehmet, Adiyaman, Turkey
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College students seem under a lot of psychological pressure to boost their academic performance.
However, while some pressure can improve their overall grade, such stress can also trigger psychological disorders that can reach self harm or even suicide.
How can we help them?
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They should be helped to discover their unique meaning and gift in life: Our paper:
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For several years, I have been looking into the connection between elder abuse and suicide and suicidal behavior in the aged. Along the way I have made two very minor contributions to the limited literature on the topic. In May, I'm presenting on the subject at a suicide prevention conference. The propositions underlying my planned remarks are:
• Abused elders die by suicide in indeterminate numbers.
• Elder abuse increases risk of self-harm and suicide.
• Suicide in abused elders is related to elder abuse.
• Suicide risk in abused elders is overlooked.
• Awareness of suicide risk in abused elders is negligible.
• Elder abuse research ignores suicide; elder suicide research ignores elder abuse.
I'd appreciate any comments on the pertinence and/or validity of these points as well as any relevant citations that I may have missed.
Thanks!
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Dear Tony Salvatore,
I definetly agree with your points, however, I would like to add that suicide in general, suicide in elderly is also religion related phenomenon. More religious elders do not commit suicide in spite of abuse, with the fear of being sinful.
Also have a look at the links:
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In a convince sample of workers, recruited via random digit dialing, across a state in all industries to par take in an annoymous mental health and addictions survey, an original data set completed with 2817 participants was obtained for secondary data analysis. Of particular interest was sub-group analysis. In particula, Of the 2817 participants, 145 self identified as being Indigenous identity. The purpose was to ascertain if an association between suicide risk level (high vs low) and identifying as an Indigenous person, in this sample, existed.
To define, we associated. the dependent variable - risk of suicide suicide - which was contstructed from 4 specific suicide question about idea, plan, date, previous attempt to form a new dicotomous variable of suicide risk - high/low. This constructed variable of the suicide risk is described by the original author previously in the original study using the same Data set, which validated the constructed variable in subsequent analysis.
The self identity as Indigenous question was a direct yes/no question.
The provedure for data Analysis initially checked for assumptions of normality of the entire data set which was satisfied. Then tested each Covariate (identified from the mental health literature and available variables) - age, gender, education, marital status, household income, history of mental health diagnosis, alcohol use scale rating (high vs low vs non-drinker) and drug use scale rating (high vs low). Further, all covariates, dependent and independent variables were categorical, from 2-4 possible responses.
After eliminating the participants whom did not answer the above questions or responded dont know/refused, we were left a sample of n = 2211 and of this n= 105 were self identified as Indigenous.
We then performed chi-square association between the dependent variable and independent variable and all individual covariates and found only age and education to be an non-independent covariates and dropped them from further analysis.
We then performed Spearman rank correlation to determine independence of covariates between the independent variable (Indigenous identity). At this point income, history of mental health diagnosis and alcohol use scale rating were found to be significantly related to the independent variable. *A decision had to be made to keep these variables out of clinical significance, as diagnostic for collinearity using VIF was equal to approximately 1.* Dropping all the highly correlated variables, we then initially performed forward selection logistic regression ending with our independent variable, Indigenous identity.
We used STATA to perform the analysis and the Logistic commands (available do file on request).*
We found an OR 1.94 for our Independent variable, Indigenous identity, with 95% CI 1.22, 3.06 p=0.05 in the final regression model controlling for sex(gender), marital status, drug use scale. However, when history of mental health diagnosis was included in the logistic regression analysis, Indigenous identity is reduced to OR 1.83, 95% CI 0.97, 3.33 and p=0.06.
Therefore, I am requesting assistance to determine:
1) is this a case a sparse data causing a spurious finding?
1a) I tried bootstrapping with no success but wondering if utilizing fixed CI will alleviate the sparse data issue?
2) As pointed out initially by Chellai Fatih below, is proportions assumption become a factor in logistic regression?
2b) As a potential solution, is benomial zero inflated regression appropriate?
Thank you again in advance and special thanks to Chellia Fatih for his insights, much appreciated.
Any further ideas and/or discussion is very much welcome as much work is dependent on this analysis.
Daniel
PS: STATA files provided for context and may not be copied or reproduced without explicit permission of the author.
** ABORIGCAT or ABORIGCAT1= 1= yes Indigenous identity; 0 = no non-Indigenous identity
MAR_STAT or MAR_STAT1 = 1= married, common law, 2= single, divorced, widow
MH_ANY m = 1 = yes, history or current mental health diagnosis (including anxiety diagnosis, phobia disorders, major depression episode, antisocial personality disorder AND excluding psychotic diagnosis, bipolar diagnosis, major depression due to grief, trauma related diagnosis, other personality disorder diagnosis; 0= no history of mental health diagnosis
NB: based on MINI using DSM IV criteria
SUICI2CAT = 1 = high risk Suicide, 0 = low risk
DAST2CAT = 1 = high risk DUDIT score, 0= low risk
SEX (GENDER) = 1 = male, 0 = female
Pseudo R-squared = initially 3.4% to 1.4%
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Our example with subgroup (linear regression analysis):
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Lots of farmers are committing suicide in each year. State as well as Central Govt. are well aware about the fact, promises made but still it is going on. What are the issues behind? Is it techno-socio-economic or other things beyond control.Want to know more and suggests some intervention to stop or reduce it.
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Dear Jayanta Kumar Das
This issue needs a comprehensive research about farmers living situations.
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I would love to get a brief research approach on how i can go about this with respect to the classification process. I am a beginner, so, please do help me out.
Thank you so much!
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Dear Rajeev E.M
As dear Belcaid Anass mentioned, it is a classification problem which means you must have a dataset of Suicide related to Social Media but not simple dataset consist of nominal and polynomial data. There are some textual dataset for Twitter users:
2-Article Multi-class machine classification of suicide-related commun...
These dataset has label usually, in other words it is specified in dataset that each record belongs to a Suicide case or not (binomial label).
In this case, first of all you should extract some numerical features from the texts which indicate the probability of suicide. There are many feature extraction methods like topic modeling which calculate the textual similarity between Twittes and some words in a topic (Depression, Suicide, ... ). Even though some pre-processing can be used before feature extraction like removing stop words (unnecessary terms in a sentence like conjunction words). After feature extraction, you will have a dataset of numerical features with binomial labels (Suicide or note). Now you can use machine learning techniques like SVM, Decision Tree, Naive Bayes, Linear Regression, ... .
If your programming skills is good, I suggest to use Python programming language and scikit toolbox as Belcaid Anass mentioned. But if your programming skills is weak, I suggest to use RapidMiner. It is a visual tool for creating your process model.
If you have any other question, please let me know.
I can be your adviser too, if you need. I have many papers in another same field.
Sincerely
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I'd like to complete a meta-analysis of studies and/or data relating to the effectiveness of mindfulness in reducing suicidal thoughts for those at risk.
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If you translate mindfulness to meaning in life relative to suicidal ideation, we wrote papers on this topic. To experience meaning in life implies mindfulness because you have in the former case to be present in the now, i.e., mindful:
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I am looking for key CBT interventions and research based on robust evidence when working with suicidal clients. What is the key theory to practice link and are there existing manuals to describe this?
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Viktor E Frankl was working to prohibit suicides in concentration camps where the temptation to touch the electrified wire just to skip the enormous suffering. he usually helped the person to find a short-term or long-term goal to look forwards to, when the inmates were released from the concentration camp. I attach some of my papers. In my paper I invented based on this logotherapy a therapy for miss B and miss P had her own way of surviving.
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Over 800 million people go to their bed with an empty stomach every night. Malnutrition kills over 3 million children every year which is equivalent to 10 children every single minute! Kids are committing suicide in Pakistan and other part of the world to escape poverty and hunger.
People are dying because of over eating in the west while in Africa, the opposite is the case.
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Because the "perfect market" model underpinning economics is not an accurate depiction of reality. Markets don't work like economists think they do. Largely, it is because of inequality of resource distribution and the mis-valuing of so-called assets and "commodities" such as food. Most economic models mistakenly assume perfect markets and perfect information, because anything else makes the sums too hard or the model doesn't work. Depressing.
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Although the modern view connects suicide with depression it is only one, probably minor reason. What other reasons could there be: social, political, relationship based in one form or another?
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Dickson, freedom of choice means economic freedom (sorry to go down this road first, but it is important), that is individuality is established outside of family unit, which has no economic value/tradition or not. Once that individuality is established the individual becomes a purchaser, a maker of money/wealth, a seller, etc. This is precisely how the Chinese opened up their economy from the early to mid 1980s. The group became the single unit. So instead of mid to large groups functioning as single economic units it was split up.
Having half the population not making choices for example, holds down the progression of the society this occurs in. When in the west housewives went to work and had bank accounts, with a few hiccups the western economies bloomed. There was then the fear that women would take mens' jobs but that is not how economies function. The more people to be employed, the more employment. Society changes to meet need.
The bottom line> if everyone in a society is valued equally the more prosperous that society is.
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