Science topic

Sucrose - Science topic

A nonreducing disaccharide composed of GLUCOSE and FRUCTOSE linked via their anomeric carbons. It is obtained commercially from SUGARCANE, sugar beet (BETA VULGARIS), and other plants and used extensively as a food and a sweetener.
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Background Injection for vaccinations is the most prevalent source of iatrogenic pain in infants. The facilitated rocking movement is a new technique which is to be evaluated to reduce vaccination-induced pain in newborns and young infants. Hence, the present study was designed to study the effect of facilitated rocking movement in reducing vaccina...
Article
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Non-covalent complexation interactions are known to occur between bioactive compounds and proteins. While formulating with these components can have positive outcomes such as stabilization of colors and actives, it can also result in changes to the structures and physical properties of proteins, affecting product functionality and sensory attribute...
Article
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Phenylthiocarbamide (PTC) sensitivity, a sensory trait mediated by the bitter taste receptor 38 (TAS2R38), has been described as a promising biomarker of health status or disease risk. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the influence of PTC phenotypes on (1) individual anthropometric and clinical history variables; (2) other basi...
Article
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Background There are sex differences in addiction behaviors. To develop a pre-clinical animal model to investigate this, the present study examined sex differences in sucrose taking and seeking using Long-Evans rats. Methods Five experiments were conducted using separate groups of subjects. The first two examined sucrose or saccharin preference in...
Article
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Pengolahan ikan pindang menjadi abon merupakan teknologi pangan bertujuan memperpanjang masa simpan. Penambahan kitosan pada abon berfungsi untuk mencegah berkembangnya bakteri Vibrio sp., Proteus sp., dan Pseudomonas sp. Bakteri-bakteri ini hidup di lingkungan berkadar garam tinggi, seperti pada produk ikan pindang. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adal...
Article
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Abstract Background: Plantlets grown in vitro with a mixed nitrogen source utilize sucrose and CO2 as carbon sources for growth. However, it is very difficult to obtain the correct utilization proportions of nitrate, ammonium, sucrose and CO2 for plantlets. Consequently, the biological effect of ammonium/nitrate utilization, the biological effect o...
Article
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The floral nectar of angiosperms harbors a variety of microorganisms that depend predominantly on animal visitors for their dispersal. Although some members of the genus Acinetobacter and all currently known species of Rosenbergiella are thought to be adapted to thrive in nectar, there is limited information about the response of these bacteria to...
Article
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Iron deficiency anemia affects approximately 45% of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), negatively impacts the quality of life in this patient population, and significantly burdens our healthcare system. The pathogenesis of iron deficiency in IBD patients is multifactorial, including intestinal bleeding, malabsorption, and inadequate or...
Article
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The study was conducted to determine the major physic-chemical parameters and to investigate the effects of season on the quality of honey product collected from Dawuro zone, Southern nationalities of people region of Ethiopia. The contents of physic-chemical parameters within the three honey production seasons ranged as: moisture content, 15-18%;...
Conference Paper
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In this paper, we report a microfluidic polymer organ-on-a-chip device integrated with a fiber optic sensor towards online monitoring of cell viability on-chip. As preliminary model applications, absorbance-based measurements of various concentrations of sucrose solution and of AlluraRed dye in the chip were carried out. Absorbance peaks were corre...
Article
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Insects are traditionally thought to respond to noxious stimuli in an inflexible manner, without the ability to modulate their behavior according to context. We investigated whether bumblebees’ attraction to high sucrose solution concentrations reduces their avoidance of noxious heat. Bees were given the choice between either unheated or noxiously...
Article
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Background In recent years, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has reached epidemic proportions. Characteristic findings in NAFLD patients are elevated iron stores, as iron plays an important role in the pathophysiology of chronic liver disease. The current study was aimed at investigating the possible protective effects of N. sativa seeds an...
Article
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Cell-wall invertases (CWINVs), responsible for the hydrolysis of sucrose into glucose and fructose, play important roles in plant development. Maize (Zea mays L.) ear-related traits were suggested to be important components of kernel yield. However, the association and nucleotide polymorphisms of maize CWINV genes with ear-related traits remain lar...
Article
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This study was aimed to investigate the cryoprotective effects of collagen peptides (10 g/kg; Collagen A, about 4500 Da; Verisol, 2000–3000 Da) on myofibrillar protein (MP) from silver carp surimi and the effects of collagen peptides on the characteristics of surimi gels during frozen storage (− 18 °C, 3–30 days) in comparison with that of a commer...
Article
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In the present paper, the performance of carbon foams to adsorb CO2 in post-combustion conditions using a thermo-gravimetric analyzer was investigated. Two types of carbon foams were prepared in this study from molten sucrose and activated carbon powder as foaming and foam setting agents by adding or not of nitric acid. Both carbon foams were subje...
Article
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Overconsumption of palatable food may initiate neuroadaptive responses in brain reward circuitry that may contribute to eating disorders. Here we report that high-fat diet (HFD) consumption impedes threat-cue-induced suppression of sucrose-seeking in mice. This compulsive sucrose-seeking was due to enhanced cue-triggered neuronal activity in the an...
Article
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This study aims to investigate the effects of cold and salicylic acid (SA) priming on osmolytes accumulation in wheat leaves under freezing stress and its underlying physiological mechanism. The results showed that cold and SA priming treatment significantly enhanced sucrose and free proline contents as compared with non-priming treatment under fre...
Article
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Aim Anaemia (particularly iron deficiency) is of important concern in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) as it reflects the outcome of the disease. Current recommendations for the use of intravenous iron (IV) therapy in the management of anaemia in such patients are limited. This study highlights the comparison of oral to intravenous iron i...
Article
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It investigated the possibility of clonal banana propagation by tissue culture. Shoot tips isolated from the rhizomes were found to be sufficient for the in vitro development of plantlets. Excised shoot tips formed only one plantlet with the youngest leaves, but shoot tips regenerated several plantlets with several older sheathing leaf bases enclos...
Article
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Although suitable sugar substitutes were found to have much superior dental characteristics than sucrose and glucose, substituting them for sugar to prevent dental cavities is a viable approach. These days, it's typical to hear or see the words "sugar-free," "zero-calorie sweets," or "calorie-free" on billboards. Instead of being used more for toot...
Article
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The mechanisms regulating the tree trunk radial growth can be studied in original experiments. One technique for studying cambium activity (the meristem involved in radial growth) under conditions of an increased photoassimilate level is trunk girdling. We girdled the trunks of 17- to 22-year-old silver birch plants (Betula pendula Roth var. pendul...
Article
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Plant growth depends on the supply of carbohydrates produced by photosynthesis. Exogenously applied sucrose promotes the growth of the hypocotyl in Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings grown under short days. Whether this effect of sucrose is stronger under the environmental conditions where the light input for photosynthesis is limiting remains unknown....
Article
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In vitro three peach cultivars (Florin, Filip and Mimi) included in this experiment, two explants (shoots-tip and nodes) were taken at 0.5-1cm length. The explants were cultivated on 3 medium MS, B5 and QL adding of 30 g/l sucrose and 7 g/l with tested different concentrations of plant hormones BAP and NAA in 12 variants. The aim of this study was...
Article
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Three peach varieties (Florin, Filip and Mimi), two explants (shoots-tip and nodes) were tested. The explants were cultivated on 3 medium MS, B5 and QL adding of 30 g/l sucrose and 7 g/l agar without any hormone supplements during initiation stage. Cultures tubes were kept in the dark (0, 1, 2, 3, 4) days to get rid of the process of oxidation of p...
Article
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SNF1-related protein kinase 1 (SnRK1), the plant ortholog of mammalian AMP-activated protein kinase/ fungal (yeast) Sucrose Non-Fermenting 1 (AMPK/SNF1), plays a central role in metabolic responses to reduced energy levels in response to nutritional and environmental stresses. SnRK1 functions as a heterotrimeric complex composed of a catalytic αand...
Article
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The effect of osmotic dehydration (OD) pretreatments at different temperatures and immersion times on drying characteristics, total phenolic content (TPC), total antioxidant activity (TAA) (DPPH and CUPRAC methods), and color of kumquat slices dried under vacuum conditions (70 °C-100 mbar) was investigated. The OD pretreatment was performed in a su...
Article
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The present study aimed at the formulation of oyster mushroom pickled product, as influenced by its qualities and physico-chemical properties. There were three formulated techniques prepared with three replications for each treatment. The formulations were T-1 (sour), T-2 (sweet) and T-3 (sweet and sour). The products have been evaluated of the eff...
Article
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‘Yunnan’ quince (Cydonia oblonga Mill.) is used as the dwarfing rootstock for pear (Pyrus spp.). Here, we reported that the sugar contents in mature ‘Zaosu’ pear fruit grafted on ‘Yunan’ quince (Z/Q) were higher than that in ‘Zaosu’ pear fruit grafted on ‘Duli’ (Pyrus betulifolia) (Z/D). To investigate the underlying mechanism, the leaf photosynthe...
Article
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Vendor differences are thought to affect Pavlovian conditioning in rats. After observing possible differences in sign-tracking and goal-tracking behaviour with rats from different breeding colonies, we performed an empirical replication of the effect. 40 male Long-Evans rats from Charles River colonies ‘K72’ and ‘R06’ received 11 Pavlovian conditio...
Article
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The purpose of this research was the synthesis and evaluation of reticulated vitreous carbon (RVC) foams from sucrose, as an environmentally friendly alternative material for the absorption of oil in water.
Article
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Solubility of active pharmaceutical ingredients is an important aspect of drug processing and formulation. Although caffeine was a subject of many studies aiming to quantify saturated solutions, many applied solvents suffer from not being environmentally friendly. This work fills this gap by presenting the results of solubility measurements in chol...
Article
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This work investigated the role of sucrose and cationic dispersant (1‐hexadecyl)trimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) concentration on ice‐templated sintered lithium titanate microstructure and compressive strength, to enable a comprehensive understanding of composition selection and elucidate processing‐microstructure‐mechanical property relationships....
Article
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Despite the recognition of Agave tequilana Weber var. Azul as raw material for producing tequila and obtaining prebiotics, there are other highly relevant Agave species in Mexico. Oaxaca contains a startlingly diverse range of Agave species; Agave angustifolia Haw. and Agave potatorum Zucc. are two classic specimens with great commercial potential....
Conference Paper
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This study aims to determine the availability of energy and potassium from local fruit that is modified into jelly candys. Low energy consumption and high rates of hypertension particularly in West Kalimantan are the concern in this study. The energy sources in this fruit jelly candys are sucrose and glucose, while the local fruit (pineapples, bana...
Article
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The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of Kanjoc oligo-glucomannan (KOG) on functional and structural changes in silver carp surimi during fluctuated (FLUC) frozen storage. During this study, KOG was prepared and added 1 and 3% in surimi and myofibrillar protein (MP) and compared with a positive control (PC) of sucrose and sorbitol mixture...
Article
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The organoleptic characteristics of sucrose encourage its consumption in excessive amounts that result in increased body weight and possible involvement of other health indicators. In contrast, physical activity reduces body weight and promotes health and well-being, however the question remains as to what type of physical activity is the most effe...
Article
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Although knowledge of the physical state of aerosol particles is essential to understand atmospheric chemistry model and measurements, information on the viscosity and physical state of aerosol particles consisting of organic and inorganic salts is still rare. Herein, we quantified viscosities at 293 ± 1 K upon dehydration for the binary systems, s...
Article
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MFe2O4 (M = Co, Ni, Cu, Mg ,and Zn) nanocrystals were prepared using sucrose auto-combustion. X-ray diffraction showed complete formation of ferrites with tetragonal structure for CuFe2O4 and cubic for all others. Fourier transform-infrared confirmed ferrites' formation, and the obtained data were used to estimate the different elastic properties....
Article
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Anemia is a major complication of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). Erythropoiesis-stimulating agents and intravenous (IV) iron are the current backbone of anemia treatment in ESKD. Iron overload induced by IV iron is a potential clinical problem in dialysis patients. We compared the pharmacokinetics of liver accumulation of iron sucrose, currently...
Article
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Aims: While it is common practice to use intravenous (IV) iron in patients with left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) and iron deficiency, there is insufficient evidence regarding outcomes in this patient population. We evaluated the safety and effectiveness of IV iron therapy in patients supported by LVADs with iron deficiency. Methods: We pe...
Article
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Li2MnSiO4 has attracted significant attention as cathode material for lithium ion batteries due to its structural diversity, abundance, low cost, thermal stability, and high theoretical capacity (330 mAh g⁻¹). However, it suffers from low electronic conductivity, poor cycling performance, and limited reversible capacity. To overcome these deficienc...
Article
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Premixtures for food production are complex mixtures typically containing thickeners due to their water binding capacity. Here, we report an improved protocol for the fast identification of food thickeners by ¹ H-NMR spectroscopy. The method is based on four steps: (i) dissolving of the dry premixture in water, (ii) centrifugation of the solution u...
Article
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Canna edulis Ker-Gawl and Canna indica L. are species belonging to the Cannaceae family and both have a very high economic value. Here, we aimed to assemble genomes of C. edulis and C. indica at the chromosome level to generate a reference genome for the Cannaceae family. We also comparatively analyzed the genomes of C. edulis and C. indica and exa...
Article
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Although numerous susceptibility loci for depression have been identified in recent years, their biological function and molecular mechanism remain largely unknown. By using an exome-wide association study for depressive symptoms assessed by the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression (CES-D) score, we discovered a novel missense single nucle...
Article
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The clarity of taste sensation interaction is a key basis for promoting the food sensory science research and its application to the beverage and food additive industries. This study explored the synergy and antagonism effect of sucrose-citric acid mixture and established an optimized method to determine the human sweetness and sourness interactive...
Article
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One way to increase sugarcane productivity is by improving the genetic potential through breeding by creating superior varieties with high sucrose content and quality. Improving the genetic potential can be done through hybridization followed by selection. The study took place in KP Karangploso, Malang, from January to December 2019. The study used...
Article
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Plant development is highly dependent on energy levels. TARGET OF RAPAMYCIN (TOR) activates the proximal root meristem to promote root development in response to photosynthesis-derived sugars during photomorphogenesis in Arabidopsis thaliana. However, the mechanisms of how root tip homeostasis is maintained to ensure proper root cap structure and g...
Article
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Introducción: En Colombia la panela es un alimento ancestral obtenido por concentración a partir de extracción de jugos de la caña azucarera. Los Hongos Formadores de Micorrizas Arbusculares (HFMA) ayudan al intercambio y movilidad de nutrientes al asociarse con plantas, mejorando la calidad y rendimiento en diferentes sistemas productivos. Objetiv...
Article
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Post-stroke depression (PSD) is the most common mental disorder in stroke survivors. However, its specific pathophysiology remains largely unknown. Previous studies suggested a role of hippocampus in PSD. Therefore, we conducted this study to investigate the lipid metabolic signatures in hippocampus of PSD rats. Here, the liquid chromatography mass...
Article
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Cognitive biases can arise from cognitive processing under affective states and reflect the impact of emotion on cognition. In animal studies, the existing methods for detecting animal emotional state are still relatively limited, and cognitive bias test has gradually become an important supplement. In recent years, its effectiveness in animal rese...
Article
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The concentration of sucrose in an aqueous solution has a wide range of applications in pharmaceuticals, such as protein and food preservation. In this work, we propose a binary Si/SiO2 photonic crystal with a defect layer and two nanocomposite layers for the detection of sucrose concentration in an aqueous solution. The transfer matrix method is e...
Article
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Objectives To compare the pain scores between the two groups, breast milk (BM) and 24% sucrose, in preterm neonates undergoing automated heel lance for the blood draw. Methods The study is designed as a randomized, single-blinded, non-inferiority trial. Infants born between 30 1/7weeks and 36 6/7 weeks of gestation were randomly assigned to receiv...
Article
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Cyanobacteria are a promising photosynthetic chassis to produce biofuels, biochemicals, and pharmaceuticals at the expense of CO2 and light energy. Glycogen accumulation represents a universal carbon sink mechanism among cyanobacteria, storing excess carbon and energy from photosynthesis and may compete with product synthesis. Therefore, the glycog...
Article
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Jujube is a characteristic light-demanding fruit tree, but fruit quality is frequently degraded because of the weak light in protected cultivation facilities in south China. In this study, a black shade net was used to set three light intensities artificially: no shading (0%, control, NS), moderate shading (45%, MS), and severe shading (76%, SS) to...
Poster
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An increasing interest on the implementation of Mini-FLOTAC (MF) in the diagnosis of gastrointestinal (GI) parasitic infections in domestic and exotic animals, has been observed during the last decade. Yet, there is no scientific consent regarding the optimal MF for bird fecal samples. This research aimed to test different MF protocols and the McMa...
Article
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Soft drinks are widely consumed worldwide; therefore, it is necessary to study their qualitative and quantitative analysis. For this purpose, we studied 18 brands of soft drinks purchased from the local market of Bahawalpur, Pakistan. Carbon dioxide, glucose, sucrose, ascorbic acid, phosphates, caffeine, and alcohol were analyzed qualitatively, whi...