Science topic

Student Dropouts - Science topic

Individuals who leave school, secondary or college, prior to completion of specified curriculum requirements.
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Publications related to Student Dropouts (5,868)
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Article
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Evidence suggests that teenage motherhood undermines human capital development such as the education of young girls in developing economies. Teenage motherhood is associated with school dropout due to stigmatization and inadequacy of finance to support their studies and the need to care for their child. While teenage pregnancy is topical among rese...
Article
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Disconnection from education and employment in youth termed Not in Education, Employment or Training (NEET) has global attention. Major societal economic consequences and detrimental individual consequences follow disconnection. On the one hand, mental health problems are recognized as essential factors in disconnection, and on the other hand, yout...
Article
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The Sub-Saharan countries are leading in dropout rates in secondary schools by 37.5% followed by South Asia 15.5% and Middle East 11% in 2018. In Tanzania, student dropouts in secondary schools increased from 3.8% in 2018 to 4.2% in 2019. Different initiatives such as parent-workshops, parent-teacher meetings, community empowerment programs, school...
Article
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Background: The majority of adolescents are currently becoming sexually active before their 18th birthday having to battle with unsafe sexual behaviors, teenage pregnancies, sexually transmitted infections, and school dropouts. The study designed and tested the effect of integrated reproductive health lesson materials in a Problem-Based pedagogy (...
Thesis
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The purpose of the thesis is to investigate the factors that affect the attendance of Roma students at school by enhancing school dropout and the use of their mother tongue as a factor limiting this leakage. For this research we focused on primary education teachers who worked during the survey either in pure school units with Roma students or in m...
Article
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Introduction Age-disparate transactional sex (ADTS) is associated with HIV, unintended pregnancy, school dropout and violence, yet few interventions have successfully prevented it, and none have set ADTS prevention as their primary outcome. This exploratory evaluation aimed to assess indications of change after exposure to the Learning Initiative o...
Article
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As the COVID-19 pandemic was spreading rapidly throughout the world, the most widespread reaction in many countries to curtail the disease was lockdown. As a result, educational institutions had to find an alternative to face-to-face learning. The most obvious solution was e-learning. Conventional tertiary institutions with little virtual learning...
Article
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Background Adolescent childbearing increases the risk of adverse health and social consequences including school dropout (SDO). However, it remains unclear why some teenage mothers drop out of school and others do not, especially in sub-Saharan Africa settings. We aimed to investigate the background and behavioral characteristics of single mothers,...
Article
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While the demand for open and distance education is increasing, it also faces high dropout rates. The reasons and solutions for student dropouts need considerable attention. This study aims to uncover the reasons for student dropouts considering the perspective of students, field experts, instructors, administrators, and support staff. Data from se...
Article
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Not completing upper secondary education is often presignaled by truancy from school. Student-perceived social support from family, peers, and teachers can prevent truancy and the risk of not completing education. However, prior studies have not focused on the stability of social support across school transitions. This longitudinal study of 1901 Fi...
Article
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Worldwide, policies to combat human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have led to a small decrease in the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) mortality rate among young people. For greater policy efficacy, it is necessary to determine the influence of social determinants of health (SDHs) in each territory. The objective of this study was to spatia...
Article
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Background Many studies have revealed that students’ performance in school, is affected by symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress, which may impair their academic achievement, and lead to school dropout. However, to date, no studies have evaluated these three disorders among high school students in Africa. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to...
Article
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This paper presents the findings of longitudinal research conducted in Ethiopia exploring the effects of COVID-19 school closures on children’s holistic learning, including their socio- emotional and academic learning. It draws on data from over 2,000 pupils captured in 2019 and 2021 to compare primary school children’s dropout and learning before...
Article
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School dropout in Latin America represents an important social problem, in addition to the specific characteristics of the educational system, where it has been seen that there is a persistent community problem. Unlike other countries where school dropouts are reduced every year, in Latin American countries this situation is increasing more and mor...
Article
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Internal displacement was recognized during the late 1980s and became prominent on the international agenda in the 1990s. There are 2421 internally displaced people who were displaced from the Somali Regional State due to the interethnic conflict that occurred between the Oromo and Somali ethnic groups living around the borders in the eastern part...
Article
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Dropping out of Higher Education has implications for students and universities, and the identification of variables associated with dropout makes it possible to develop actions that reduce its occurrence. This study analyzes the direct and mediated impacts of self-efficacy, income, sex, age, receipt of social assistance grants and entry into a pre...
Article
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Dropping out of Higher Education has implications for students and universities, and the identification of variables associated with dropout makes it possible to develop actions that reduce its occurrence. This study analyzes the direct and mediated impacts of self-efficacy, income, sex, age, receipt of social assistance grants and entry into a pre...
Article
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The objective of the work was to analyze the situation of initial education during the pandemic period, where the resources to teach were online. The different causes and reasons that motivated student desertion were analyzed. For this study, zone 8 of the city of Guayaquil, in Ecuador, was considered, and this qualitative-quantitative approach was...
Article
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The school dropout problem has been recurrent in different educational areas, which has reinforced important challenges when pursuing education objectives. In this scenario, technical schools have also suffered from considerable dropout levels, even when considering a still increasing need for professionals in areas associated to computing and engi...
Conference Paper
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School dropout has become a treat to the individual, government and the society because of the adverse effects and consequences .this study looks beyond the individual and school factors to determine the role of parents, government and the society in the dropout process. Falling out of school is a process, not a single event and this is due to issu...
Article
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Student dropout in secondary schools is a major issue in developing countries, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa. Sub-Saharan African countries had the highest dropout rate (37.5%), followed by South Asia (15.5%), the Middle East (11%), East Asia (9.5%), Latin America (7%), and Central Asia (3.5%). Various initiatives such as the big results now i...
Article
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Compliance with the basic conditions of quality in higher education implies the design of strategies to reduce student dropout, and Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in the educational field have allowed directing, reinforcing, and consolidating the process of professional academic training. We propose an academic and emotional track...
Article
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School dropout is one of the biggest problems in the country of Mexico, there are several factors that cause it, so it is necessary to propose strategies and lines of action to reduce it. This document analyzes a database with the demographic and social characteristics of high school students, which were collected through the application of school...
Article
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The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive relationship of peer group influence, teacher-student interaction and indiscipline to students' dropout tendency in evening continuing education programmes. The context of this study is the southern senatorial district of Cross River State, Nigeria. The study adopted a predictive correlational...
Article
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Student attrition has become a significant challenge for scholarly institutions, particularly for private universities that can be viewed as enterprises because a significant portion of their income comes from the tuition payments of their students. Therefore, it is essential to conduct research to determine the causes of student dropout in order t...
Article
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The military university type of education in the Czech Republic is provided by the University of Defence. As other universities, it has to deal with students prematurely leaving their studies. We have collected available data to assess students’ dropout rate. Using parametric and nonparametric methods, we identified that the highest leaving rate oc...
Conference Paper
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Learning difficulties in Computer Science (CS) are a multicausal problem that promotes student dropout in CS undergraduate programs. This results from the students' psychological, emotional, and motivational implications, affecting their academic performance. We present RetoñosApp, as a web-based and user-centered platform supported by Artificial I...
Article
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The importance of close social contacts in the educational process has been widely documented, but mainly for the school sector. The present article examines the importance of close relationships on university students’ dropout tendencies. Using longitudinal panel data collected at a medium-sized German university, students (N = 7,169) were surveye...
Thesis
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Dropout in higher education has been a widely studied phenomenon, with a consensus on its potential to prevent the transfer of the personal and social benefits of higher education. In this context, it is recognised that rural student dropout in higher education has not been widely analysed, neither by states nor by the academic community. Hence, th...
Article
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This paper summarizes results from an impact study that employed a randomized controlled trial to estimate the efficacy of a cross-age peer mentor program designed to prevent school dropout during the transition from middle to high school. We present findings from the intent-to-treat (ITT) analyses, which included 1,351 ninth-grade students, alongs...
Article
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School attendance and school absenteeism have been studied for over a century, leading to a rich and vast literature base. At the same time, powerful demographic, climate, social justice/equity, and technological/globalization forces are compelling disparate stakeholders worldwide to quickly adapt to rapidly changing conditions and to consider new...
Article
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Based on statistical data from the Ministry of Education and Culture in 2018, the dropout rate in South Sumatra Province was very high. Especially for the Palembang City area, there were about 17% of the cases of children dropping out of school in South Sumatra until 2018. The large number of children who have dropped out of school and who were not...
Chapter
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In the education industry, the needs of online learning are significantly increasing. However, the web-based courses demonstrate higher dropout rates than traditional education courses. As a result, engaging students with data analysis is getting more crucial especially for distance learning. In this study, we analyze data on the daily learning sta...
Article
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School desertion refers to the abandonment of studies before finishing the educational level. It is a problem that occurs at all educational levels, although it has a greater impact at the higher level. Dropping out is a complex phenomenon that has many related variables, which negatively impacts institutions. This research determines a model based...
Article
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Higher education institutions record a significant amount of data about their students, representing a considerable potential to generate information, knowledge, and monitoring. Both school dropout and educational failure in higher education are an obstacle to economic growth, employment, competitiveness, and productivity, directly impacting the li...
Article
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p style="text-align: justify;">Academic failure and school dropout, or early school leaving, are two of the situations that most concern countries and educational institutions worldwide, because of their prevalence and also their economic and social implications. Despite this prominent role that academic failure and school dropout have in societies...
Article
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Early school leaving has profound implications at a socio-economic level and planning effective prevention programs within school is crucial for contrasting it. Based on the hypothesis that the dropout is the last step of a process that ends in the student’s decision to leave school, we studied the interplay between multiple risk factors of school...
Article
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Present study examines the Awareness of Under Graduate and Post Graduate Students towards Governmental Different Scholarship for Schedule Caste and Schedule Tribe. present time India has to face more student’s dropout rates in schools. So Govt. takes some remedial action for this purpose and govt. provide many scholarship schemes for socioeconomic...
Article
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In sub-Saharan Africa, girls suffer from high rates of morbidity and mortality, enduring high exposure to sexual and reproductive health harms. Staying in school helps protect girls from such harms. Focus group discussions were conducted in a rural, impoverished area of Kenya with adolescent girls participating in a 4-arm cluster randomised control...
Article
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Schools in border areas are threatened with closure due to the difficulty of organizing learning in the midst of a pandemic. This paper portrays this reality by describing the learning process of a border school (Madrasah Ibtidaiyah Darul Furqon) on Sebatik Island (the Indonesia-Malaysia border) during the COVID-19 pandemic. School is the foundatio...
Article
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Deteriorated functioning is a part of the clinical-high risk (CHR) criteria for psychosis. Diminished social, educational and occupational functioning in the phase of late adolescence and early adulthood are associated with long-term social, economic and health consequences, which stresses the importance of early intervention to stimulate functioni...
Article
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This study investigates the principal risk and protective factors associated with student distress and school dropout in a group of preadolescents, through a qualitative and quantitative comparison between the perspectives of students, parents, and teachers. We administered a questionnaire to evaluate student distress and school dropout in a middle...
Chapter
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According to Bachelard, to know is to describe in order to retrieve. To know about a place means to observe, to imagine, to think as the images of the place affect. Educators have to invest time for enriching readings about the space and how the real “image” of space is revealed in every day’s life. Students have to think, act, and empathize. A per...
Article
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Students' engagement in the educational task has been a matter of growing interest over the past few years as a factor in tackling one of the leading academic problems, namely school dropout. This brief research report offers an overview of how engagement in the educational trajectories of young people at risk is manifested. It was studied by apply...
Article
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Background Early childhood experiences such as trauma, exposure to violence, and poverty can significantly contribute to childhood anxiety, which is viewed as the most common mental health issue among children. In South Africa, there is no uniform tool to screen for anxiety during early childhood. This study aims to develop a tool to screen for anx...
Article
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The study purposed to explore school heads and teachers’ views on students’ dropout in peri-urban Zanzibar with the aim of understanding the factors influencing dropout of children in secondary schools from school heads’ and teachers’ perspective, strategies adopted by schools to address dropout and to identify challenges faced by head of schools i...
Preprint
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In many education systems around the world, the problem of school dropout is widespread. Identifying students at a higher risk of dropping out is crucial in developing settings, where the cost of preventive interventions is a major concern. By using individual-level administrative data on school enrollment in rural Antioquia, Colombia, I apply supe...
Chapter
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Student dropout is a severe problem in higher education worldwide. In technical higher education, this issue is particularly relevant, as a significant proportion of students cannot meet the requirements of basic subjects, especially in science and technology, and drop out of higher education due to failures. The reduction of student dropout in hig...
Article
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Using machine learning to predict students’ dropout in higher education institutions and programs has proven to be effective in many use cases. In an approach based on machine learning algorithms to detect students at risk of dropout, there are three main factors: the choice of features likely to influence a partial or total stop of the student, th...
Article
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Family homelessness is a key social issue across many European countries and is associated with uncertainty, a lack of safety and increased risks for children which can trigger the involvement of child welfare services. Living in homeless accommodation during the early years of a child's life also has the potential to impact on a child in many ways...
Article
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University dropout rates are a problem that presents many negative consequences. It is an academic issue and carries an unfavorable economic impact. In recent years, significant efforts have been devoted to the early detection of students likely to drop out. This paper uses data corresponding to dropout candidates after their first year in the thir...
Article
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This cluster-randomised study investigated the effects of a Norwegian early warning system, the IKO model. IKO is a Norwegian acronym for identification, assessment, and follow-up, and the model aims to improve schools’ abilities to identify and support students who are at risk of dropping out during the school year. The study involved 7677 first-y...
Article
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There is enormous concern at the international level vis-à-vis the retention of students in universities. Given that dropout rates and their social repercussions are causing great concern worldwide, researchers have been examining this issue to establish models to predict early dropout and to guide actions to support students who are at risk of dro...
Article
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Early school leaving is a problem that, especially in adolescence, can lead to maladaptive development. It is, therefore, essential provide quality, equitable, and inclusive education. Following the Positive Youth Development perspective, the aim of this study was to identify the possible strengths and resources of adolescents. Specifically, we ana...
Article
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Background Youth of color growing up in poverty face many challenges that children from more affluent families never experience. These children often reside in disadvantaged neighborhoods with substandard housing, inadequate medical care, and under resourced schools. This places these children at risk for poor academic achievement, school dropout,...
Chapter
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High dropout rates in computer science programs are a major global issue. In this chapter, we describe the results of the educational machine learning case study with the aim of early prediction of computer science students’ dropout in the Virumaa College of Tallinn University of Technology. For many years TalTech Virumaa College has faced a high d...
Article
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Introduction The impact of social determinants on health status and outcomes has been widely established. However, it is recognized that health systems' ability to address community health needs may be limited. To better understand the interrelation between social determinants of health and health outcomes, health systems need to understand the hea...
Article
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Values are connected to how a person perceives the environment and themselves. One can talk about a certain dynamic of values over time. Changes in the importance of values occur due to existing situations in the external environment or to a significant alteration in one’s internal motivation. The goals of our research were to determine the value s...
Article
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Desertion can be understood as the withdrawal and subsequent abandonment of school activity by students, due to different family, economic, social and other factors. All educational levels are affected by this scourge, being the university one of the most affected, especially during this time of pandemic caused by the SARS-CoV 19 virus. Due to the...
Article
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Introduction The link between school education and art therapy is supported by the fact that it comes to supplement the common school education activities of children with special educational requirements with a dual purpose: to complete and fix their specific content; to train and practice as much as possible the students’ minds and critical think...
Article
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Introduction Non adherence to psychotropic drugs is associated with negative outcomes, including hospitalizations, aggressive behaviors, suicide attempts and increased premature mortality. It represents a psychiatric challenge, especially in young adults who show higher risk of non-adherence to treatment Objectives Firstly this study evaluates the...
Preprint
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This paper investigates whether social movements that empower minority groups improve educational outcomes. We provide a theoretical model where some firms are discriminatory and set up a hostile working environment allowing employers to give a lower wage to minority employees. Social movements, like the BLM, may help increase the salience of discr...
Article
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La educación media superior es el nivel educativo con la mayor tasa de abandono escolar en México. Esta situación había presentado un decrecimiento constante hasta antes del ciclo escolar 2020-2021, período en el que comenzaron a manifestarse los efectos de la pandemia por la covid-19. En este artículo se expone un análisis exploratorio sobre el ab...