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Structural Engineering - Science topic

Structural analysis, design, and dynamics
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Publications related to Structural Engineering (3,405)
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Contemporary atypical skyscrapers in United Arab Emirates became the landmarks of the city and secured the urban competitiveness via innovative building design. These contemporary skyscrapers use non-linear geometry of structural frames, it is impossible to design these structures with conventional design methods. The objective of this paper is to...
Article
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Light-gauge steel, (sometimes referred to as cold-formed steel and cold-rolled steel) is a cold-formed material used to strengthen and streamline building operations. It doesn't age as wood does. Contrary to structural steel, it is not bulky. It is not as weighty as concrete. One option to lower the cost of housing is to expand the supply of afford...
Article
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Commercial wave energy exploitation will be realised by placing multiple wave energy converters (WECs) in an array configuration. A point-absorber WEC consists of a floating or submerged body to capture wave energy from different wave directions. This point-absorber WEC acts as an efficient wave absorber that is also an efficient wave generator. Op...
Article
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Although many studies have revealed the relationship between the built environment and active travel among older adults, limited studies offer insights into gender differences. Using data from Chiba (Japan), this study employs a random forest method to fill this gap by revealing the non-linear associations of the built environment with active trave...
Article
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ZnO–SnO2–Ag(AgCl) nanocomposites consisting of hexagonal ZnO, tetragonal SnO2, metallic Ag and AgCl nanocrystals were prepared by wet polymer-salt synthesis. The materials were studied using optical and luminescent spectroscopy, SEM, EDS and XRD analysis. The ability to generate chemically active singlet oxygen and antibacterial activity of prepare...
Article
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Given the current climate emergency and the ambitious targets of carbon emissions reduction, retrofitting strategies on existing buildings typically include reducing energy demand, decarbonising the power supply, and addressing embodied carbon stored in materials. This latter point redefines the role of engineers in the transitions towards a sustai...
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the lean management tools problem-solving methodology is one of several techniques used to eliminate organization waste. This paper demonstrates the empirical application of lean tools methodology to reduce production waste though investigation of root causes of non-added values activities and provide a solution to reduce/eliminate these activities...
Article
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Artificial Intelligence (AI), machine learning (ML), and deep learning (DL) are emerging techniques capable of delivering elegant and affordable solutions which can surpass those obtained through traditional methods. Despite the recent and rapid advancements in developing next-gen AI-based techniques, we continue to lack a systemic understanding of...
Article
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High‐performance conversion‐reaction‐based electrodes have received enormous attention due to their high theoretical capacities, yet the poor structural stability and large stress accumulation induced from volume change are identified as major limiting factors for further utilization. Although viable strategies are exerted to acquire durable storag...
Article
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Highly planar, extended π‐electron organic conjugated polymers have been increasingly attractive for achieving high‐mobility organic semiconductors. In addition to the conventional strategy to construct rigid backbone by covalent bonds, hydrogen bond has been employed extensively to increase the planarity and rigidity of polymer via intramolecular...
Article
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Il Politecnico di Torino ha intrapreso azioni di promozione e diffusione del proprio patrimonio storico archivistico come sistema unitario di conoscenze tecniche e di informazioni. L’utilizzo critico di metodologie gestionali dedicate e di tecnologie informatiche è il cardine per la valorizzazione dei suoi repertori. Il contributo illustra la predi...
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To explore an effective route of customizing the superelasticity (SE) of NiTi shape memory alloys via modifying the grain structure, binary Ni55Ti45 (wt) alloys were fabricated in as-cast, hot swaged, and hot-rolled conditions, presenting contrasting grain sizes and grain boundary types. In situ synchrotron X-ray Laue microdiffraction and in situ s...
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Population growth, economic development, and rapid urbanization in many areas have led to increased exposure and vulnerability of structural and infrastructure systems to hazards. Thus, developing risk-based assessment and management tools is crucial for stakeholders and the general public to make informed decisions on pre-hazard planning and post-...
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Supercapacitors are among the most promising energy storage devices; Supercapacitor exhibits a larger power density than batteries, but they remain challenging a poor energy density. To meet the ever-increasing demands...
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Lithium (Li) metal with high specific capacity and low redox potential is widely considered as a potential anode for lithium‐ion batteries (LIBs) with high energy density. However, the catastrophic dendrites growth, “dead Li” formation, and surface passivation hinder its practical application. Herein, a selective artificial solid electrolyte interp...
Article
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jats:p> In this study, the small strain shear modulus of a calcareous sand was investigated by conducting bender element tests on both horizontal and vertical planes. The effects of sample preparation method, stress path and stress history on the developing of void ratio, the parameters in the modified Hardin equation and the stiffness anisotropy w...
Article
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The development of bifunctional water‐splitting electrocatalysts that are efficient and stable over a wide range of pH is of great significance but challenging. Here, we report an atomically dispersed Ru/Co dual‐sites catalyst anchored on N‐doped carbon (Ru/Co‐N‐C) for outstanding oxygen evolution reaction (OER) and hydrogen evolution reaction (HER...
Article
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On 30th October 2020, an earthquake of magnitude 6.9 hit the Aegean coasts of Turkey and Greece. The epicentre was some 14 km northeast of Avlakia settlement on Samos Island, and 25 km southwest of Turkish town Seferihisar, Izmir. The destruction the earthquake caused concentrated mainly on the mid-rise RC buildings in certain districts of Izmir ci...
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Aerogel films with a low density are ideal candidates to meet lightweight application and have already been used in a myriad of fields; however, their structural design for performance enhancement remains elusive. Herein, we put forward a laminated structural engineering strategy to prepare a free-standing carbon nanotube (CNT)-based aerogel film w...
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This paper details how to construct a small-scale shaking table attached to a magnetorheological (MR) damper. The motivation for this construction relies on the increasing interest in modeling the dynamics of MR dampers—MR dampers have been used in structures for safety reasons. To model the MR damper, we use the so-called `Dahl model,’ which is us...
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Las cargas que generan los eventos sísmicos y los fuertes vientos son fuerzas de la naturaleza que someten a las obras civiles a situaciones extremas, lo que provoca eventualmente la falla de las estructuras y en muchas ocasiones, la pérdida de vidas humanas. Para enfrentar estas fuerzas de carácter aleatorio y de difícil predicción, la ingeniería...
Article
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The membrane separation process for targeted CO2 capture application has attracted much attention due to the significant advantages of saving energy and reducing consumption. High-performance separation membranes are a key factor in the membrane separation system. In the present study, we conducted a detailed examination of the effect of calcinatio...
Thesis
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La reducción de vibraciones en estructuras, es un tema que constituye uno de los principales desafíos en la ingeniería estructural moderna, con edificaciones más esbeltas y puentes con luces mayores cada año, muchas veces las estructuras se ven comprometidas por movimientos oscilatorios provocadas por diversos factores (tránsito de personas y vehíc...
Article
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The field of the built environment is evolving, whereby the involvement of a multi-disciplinary team in the project becomes necessary. Complexities of issues keep challenging the industry of Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) and address the importance of skills in collaborative work to deliver a great building design. A building that...
Preprint
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Much of our experiments are designed to uncover the cause(s) and effect(s) behind a data generating mechanism (i.e., phenomenon) we happen to be interested in. Uncovering such relationships allows us to identify the true working of a phenomenon and, most importantly, articulate a model that may enable us to further explore the phenomenon on hand an...
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The paper addressed the merits of Site Meeting within the context of construction projects in the building industry using the higher institutions in Ekiti State, Nigeria as case studies. A structured questionnaire was used and administrated to the Consultants and Contractors engaged by the Ekiti State Higher Institutions, Ninety three (93) question...
Article
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Transparent conductive oxides (TCO) have been extensively investigated as channel materials for thin-film transistors (TFTs). In this study, highly transparent and conductive InSnO (ITO) and ZnO films were deposited, and their material properties were studied in detail. Meanwhile, we fabricated ZnO/ITO heterojunction TFTs, and explored the effects...
Article
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Earthquake disasters have caused enormous casualties and economic losses so far, threatening the social and economic development of humanity. At present, artificial intelligence (AI) is one of the frontiers and central issues in both academic research and engineering practice. AI refers to the branch of computer science that develops machines and s...
Article
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The AgInS2 colloidal quantum dot (CQD) is a promising photoanode material with a relatively wide band gap for photoelectrochemical (PEC) solar-driven hydrogen (H2) evolution. However, the unsuitable energy band structure still forms undesired energy barriers and leads to serious charge carrier recombination with low solar to hydrogen conversion eff...
Article
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This paper reviews Fibre Reinforced Polymer (FRP) composites in Civil Engineering applications. Three FRP types are used in Structural Engineering: FRP profiles for new construction, FRP rebars and FRP strengthening systems. Basic materials (fibres and resins), manufacturing processes and material properties are discussed. The focus of the paper is...
Article
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A Structural Engineering Marvel Er. Vivek Abhyankar writes on the amazing architecture and planning, structural design, and performance, of many forts in India, along with their brief history, type, components, functioning, planning, and construction methodology. This article is particularly informative and useful to those who are working in the fi...
Article
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With the development of flexible devices, the demand for wearable power sources has increased and gradually become imperative. Zinc–air batteries (ZABs) have attracted lots of research interest due to their high theoretical energy density and excellent safety properties, which can meet the wearable energy supply requirements. Here, the flexibility...
Article
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Graphite‐derived carbon materials have been widely used in metal‐ion batteries due to their good mechanical and electrical properties, cost effectiveness, light weight, and environmental friendliness. Though natural graphite has been commercially used in lithium‐ion batteries, the small interlayer spacing hinders its application in other metal‐ion...
Article
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The growing awareness of the need to minimise greenhouse gas (GHG) and mitigate climate change has resulted in a greater focus on the embodied carbon (EC) of construction material. One way to ensure the environmental impact of building activities is minimised to a reasonable level is the calculation of their EC. Whilst there are a few studies inves...
Article
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For the assembly of electrochromic devices (ECDs) generally with multilayer structures, supportive components usually are needed to be incorporated with EC materials. The reasonable project and development of ECDs will achieve broad expected applications. In this study, we reviewed several impressive methods to design and fabricate ECDs with high‐p...
Article
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The conventional dielectric ceramics are extensively studied for applications in electronics and pulsed power systems owing to the advantages of high voltage and high power density. However, the inferior energy storage performance is difficult to satisfy the development requirements of integration and lightweight of power electronic devices. The ma...
Article
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Ultrasonic pulse-echo C-scan imaging is a widespread method for detecting and characterizing defects in fiber reinforced polymer composites. However, the accurate assessment of a complex distributed damage cluster, like barely visible impact damage, in multi-layer and heterogeneous composites is not straightforward. For reliably estimating the rema...
Article
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Fluorinated graphene (FG), as an emerging member of the graphene derivatives family, has attracted wide attention on account of its excellent performances and underlying applications. The introduction of a fluorine atom, with the strongest electronegativity (3.98), greatly changes the electron distribution of graphene, resulting in a series of uniq...
Cover Page
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Mainak Ghosal* Secretary, Consulting Engineers Association of India (E&NE); Governing Council Member, Indian Institute of Structural Engineers; Joint Secretary, Coal Ash Institute of India *Corresponding Author: Mainak Ghosal, Secretary, Consulting Engineers Association of India (E&NE); Governing Council Member, Indian Institute of Structural Engin...
Article
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The manufacturing process of fiber reinforced polymer laminates could induce local distortions from the nominal fiber architecture. Further, low-velocity impact events may induce additional changes in the fiber architecture, due to local plasticity and delamination formation. These deviations could have a significant effect on the structural perfor...
Article
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This work reported the discovery of N-triflimide (NTf)-based zwitter-ionic liquids (ZILs) that exhibit UCST-type phase transitions in water, and their further structural optimization in fine-tuning polarity to ultimately afford newfangled thermosensitive materials carrying attractive and biocompatible Tc values that clearly demonstrated the true va...
Conference Paper
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Due to an increase in gas lift demand on an existing field in Sarawak, an existing Gas Lift Compressor (GLC) on the processing platform requires to be upgraded to meet incremental oil production requirement. These sets of compressors consist of 2x100% reciprocating compressors that were designed for 1.5 MMscfd each, with discharge pressure of 55.1...
Article
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Building information modelling (BIM) plays a prominent role in a good deal of architecture, engineering and construction (AEC) works, envisaging a full transition to digitalization for the construction industry. This is also due to a number of national and international regulations regarding the design, erection, and management of civil engineering...
Article
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Recently, multilevel structural carbon aerogels are deemed as attractive candidates for microwave absorbing materials. Nevertheless, excessive stack and agglomeration for low-dimension carbon nanomaterials inducing impedance mismatch are significant challenges. Herein, the delicate “3D helix–2D sheet–1D fiber–0D dot” hierarchical aerogels have been...
Article
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La Ingeniería es la ciencia que, con la técnica y el arte, aplicando la matemática y las ciencias naturales, crea y desarrolla sistemas, elementos y obras físicas mediante el empleo de energía y materiales, para proporcionar a la humanidad, con eficiencia y sobre bases económicas, bienes y servicios que le den bienestar con seguridad y creciente ca...
Conference Paper
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Seismic microzonation is a more rational and general design approach, particularly for seismic regions, in which the design criteria are expressed in terms of achieving stated performance objectives. In this approach it is relevant the performance required to structures and to geotechnical works subjected to stated levels of seismic hazard, as well...
Preprint
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Resumen: La reducción de vibraciones en estructuras, es un tema que constituye uno de los principales desafíos en la ingeniería estructural moderna, con edificaciones más esbeltas y puentes con luces mayores cada año, muchas veces las estructuras se ven comprometidas por movimientos oscilatorios provocadas por diversos factores (tránsito de persona...
Article
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Adequate synergy among Clients, Government Agencies, Structural Engineers, Regulatory bodies, Stakeholders and allied professionals in building industry is imperative for combating incidence of building collapse in Nigeria. This study examined the supervision responsibilities of professionals, construction management and challenges of building insp...
Article
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La stampa riporta, con attenzione crescente, informazioni sull’avvenuto superamento – in occasione di terremoti forti in Italia – delle azioni sismiche di progetto previste dalla normativa sismica. Il confronto fra le azioni sismiche di progetto, previste dalle attuali Norme Tecniche per le Costruzioni (NTC), e i valori registrati in occasione di t...
Article
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Beyond‐lithium‐ion storage devices are promising alternatives to lithium‐ion storage devices for low‐cost and large‐scale applications. Nowadays, the most of high‐capacity electrodes are crystal materials. However, these crystal materials with intrinsic anisotropy feature generally suffer from lattice strain and structure pulverization during the e...
Article
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This paper demonstrates the Gaussian process regression model's applicability combined with a nonlinear autoregressive exogenous (NARX) framework using experimental data measured with PZTs' patches bonded in a composite aeronautical structure for concerning a novel SHM strategy. A stiffened carbon-epoxy plate regarding a healthy condition and simul...
Article
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The development of reliable and safe high-energy-density lithium-ion batteries is hindered by the structural instability of cathode materials during cycling, arising as a result of detrimental phase transformations occurring at high operating voltages alongside the loss of active materials induced by transition metal dissolution. Originating from t...
Conference Paper
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In damage models, cracks are considered in a smeared way, without any geometric representation of the region where the crack takes place, and the energy released is used in crack growth that is controlled by the energy fracture parameter. Phase-field models consider a diffuse and smooth crack that belongs to a certain volume region, where a functio...
Article
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Developing the catalytic activity and selectivity of palladium (Pd) catalysts for acetylene hydrogenation is key importance in the chemical industry and remains a challenge to this day. Here, the catalytic performance of Pd catalysts are influenced by the Pd electronic structure, in turn, controlled by different heteroatom doped support. Different...
Chapter
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Western Gujarat, in India experienced a very severe earthquake (measuring 7.7 on Richter Scale) in the early hours of 26th January 2001. The earthquake resulted in large-scale damage to the various structures in and around areas such as Bhuj, Gandhidham, Rajkot, Morvi etc. This paper describes the performance of the Surajbari bridge which was almos...