Science topic

Stroke - Science topic

A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)
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Publications related to Stroke (10,000)
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Article
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With simple structure and control, impact inertial piezoelectric actuators are one promising type for precision positioning with large working stroke and high resolution. However, their applications still face some challenges, especially the incompatibility between speed and resolution as well as the motion instability due to the overturning moment...
Article
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This work presents a new class of micromachined electrostatic actuators capable of producing output force and displacement unprecedented for MEMS electrostatic actuators. The actuators feature submicron high aspect ratio transduction gaps lined up in two-dimensional arrays. Such an arrangement of microscale actuator cells allows the addition of for...
Article
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Background There are many reports of non-occlusive mesenteric ischemia in patients on maintenance hemodialysis and following cardiac surgery. However, there are few reports of non-occlusive mesenteric ischemia in patients with acute stroke. Case presentation We report three cases of non-occlusive mesenteric ischemia with onset during treatment for...
Article
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Background Defining the relationship between a headache and stroke is essential. The current diagnostic criteria of the ICHD-3 for acute headache attributed to ischemic stroke are based primarily on the opinion of experts rather than on published clinical evidence based on extensive case-control studies in patients with first-ever stroke. Diagnosti...
Article
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Background Movement behaviors (i.e., physical activity levels, sedentary behavior) in people with stroke are not self-contained but cluster in patterns. Recent research identified three commonly distinct movement behavior patterns in people with stroke. However, it remains unknown if movement behavior patterns remain stable and if individuals chang...
Article
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Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a well-known complication of type 1 diabetes mellitus. Diabetic ketoacidosis predisposes patients into devastating neurological complications. The most common neurologic complication is cerebral edema. Stroke either ischemic or hemorrhagic are uncommon complications of DKA with worse patient's outcome. Hemorrhagic str...
Article
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Auxetic materials and structures have received extensive attention due to their unusual behavior. As one of the structures that can realize the auxetic effect, the elliptic perforated structure has been recently developed, but the previous research on the elliptic perforated is limited to the small deformation stage. At the end of the small deforma...
Article
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This paper presents the design, modelling, analysis, and test of a piezo-actuated dual-drive linear motion system, capable of millimeter stroke with nanometer resolution. The primary actuator is a two-stage bridge-type amplifier with hybrid flexure hinges, which is driven by a piezo-stack actuator and generates output stroke greater than 6 mm. The...
Conference Paper
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Resumen: El conocimiento es un recurso importante en la sociedad del conocimiento, y los trabajadores del área desempeñan un papel importante. La gestión del conocimiento y las soluciones de las mejores prácticas en el mundo de las organizaciones pueden extenderse y utilizarse en todos los ámbitos, incluso con su aplicación en la Educación Superior...
Conference Paper
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Objetivos: Evaluar el impacto de la afasia postictus en la comunicación funcional, percepción de calidad de vida, de salud y síntomas depresivos. Material y Métodos: Estudio caso-control. Casos: pacientes con afasia post-ictus incluidos en el ensayo clínico DULCINEA (NCT04289493). Controles: personas sanas reclutadas mediante un muestreo no probabi...
Article
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Objective Endovascular treatment (EVT) is, to date, the most promising treatment of vertebrobasilar artery occlusion (VBAO). The study aimed to determine the influence of perioperative glucose levels on clinical outcomes in patients with acute VBAO treated with EVT. Methods We retrospectively collected consecutive VBAO patients received EVT in 21...
Article
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Es bien reconocida la carrera cinematográfica del comediante-humorista Julius Henry “Groucho” Marx (1890-1977). Junto con sus hermanos crearon una de las agrupaciones más populares en el Hollywood de mediados del siglo XX: Los Marx bro. Sin embargo, Groucho es también valorado como escritor tanto por la profundidad de algunas de sus frases como por...
Method
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El presente texto muestra las anotaciones y breves reflexiones sobre las herramientas utilizadas para estimular el acto de danzar y crear en la clase de danza, en la carrera de Artes Escénicas de la Facultad de Artes de la Universidad de Cuenca, en estos momentos en que nos hemos replegado en nuestras casas y lo pedagógico se ha reducido a una p...
Article
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Is it possible to feel part of one’s own body even when the body part is separated from the body? If so, we could exist in different locations by splitting the self-body and using our body in each location. In a study in which the illusion that two bodies are one’s own body was induced using virtual reality (VR), the participants felt as if they we...
Article
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Fecha de recibido: 2022-01-03 Fecha de aceptado para publicación: 2022-08-02 Fecha de publicación: 2022-09-30 Resumen El diseño pedagógico instruccional para las carreras en línea de la Universidad Técnica de Manabí aplicado desde el año 2019, se estructura a partir del uso de la plataforma Moodle y consta de ocho (8) recursos básicos. La presente...
Article
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Reseña de un libro sobre una lengua sudamericana extinta, el mochica, con base en la descripción gramatical de un texto colonial de Fernando de la Carrera.
Preprint
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Analizar las estrategias alimentarias, la calidad del desayuno y práctica de actividad física en los estudiantes de la carrera de Medicina, dentro del campus de Ciudad Universitaria, relativas a sus condiciones socio económicas e Índice de Masa Corporal. Proponer a las autoridades reforzar la regulación y la accesibilidad de alimentos y bebidas de...
Article
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RESUMEN El estudio tuvo por objetivos construir un instrumento que permita valorar los conocimientos en estrategias de enseñanza de la lectura y verificar el nivel de conocimientos en las estrategias de enseñanza de la lectura en estudiantes de Pedagogía en Educación General Básica. Se estudió de forma no probabilística (accidental) a 36 alumnos de...
Article
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Cognitive functional neuroimaging has been around for over 30 years and has shed light on the brain areas relevant for reading. However, new methodological developments enable mapping the interaction between functional imaging and the underlying white matter networks. In this study, we used such a novel method, called the disconnectome, to decode t...
Article
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Epicardial adipose tissue is involved in the pathophysiology of atrial fibrillation (AF). This study aimed to analyze its relevance as a stroke etiology marker. A retrospective study of acute ischemic stroke patients with large vessel occlusion was conducted, periatrial epicardial adipose tissue thickness (pEATT) on admission computed tomography an...
Article
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Se insiste fundamentadamente en que las propuestas de transición a la sostenibilidad deben tomar en consideración todos y cada uno de los problemas que determinan la situación de emergencia planetaria que acabamos de sintetizar. Pero la actual guerra en Ucrania nos obliga a reconocer una falta de atención particularmente grave a la problemática de...
Article
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Tau is abundantly expressed in neurons, however previous reports and our recent study showed tau also exist in oligodendrocytes. Also the expression levels of tau are dramatical changed in hypomyelination model rat and in demyelination region of stroke model mice. The review demonstrate microtubule and its binding partner Tau might be necessary for...
Article
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Purpose Vessel labeling is a prerequisite for comparing cerebral vasculature across patients, e.g., for straightened vessel examination or for localization. Extracting vessels from computed tomography angiography scans may come with a trade-off in segmentation accuracy. Vessels might be neglected or artificially created, increasing the difficulty o...
Poster
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INTRODUZIONE (Background) La formazione dei laici in materia di emergenze mediche ha un notevole impatto sull’adeguata gestione delle stesse, in particolare sul posto di lavoro; tuttavia, il corretto riconoscimento delle urgenze mediche, come l’ictus, rimane problematico. In Italia, il Decreto Legislativo 81/08 rende obbligatoria, nei luoghi di lav...
Article
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Background Carotid Web and focal carotid diaphragm are atypical fibromuscular dysplasia. The bilateral stroke due to this dysplasia is extremely rare. We will report a series of three young patients, admitted for a bilateral ischemic stroke caused by carotid bulb web and internal carotid diaphragm. Also, we will discuss their manifestations and tre...
Article
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Objective The objective of this study was to assess, for individuals with hemiparesis after a stroke in subacute phase, the validity and reliability of center of pressure (CoP) parameters measured during sitting balance on an unstable support. Materials and methods Thirty-two individuals after stroke were included in this observational study for v...
Article
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Background Instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM) is a commonly utilized intervention for musculoskeletal pain and dysfunction. However, little is known regarding the reliability of forces applied by clinicians of different experience levels during an IASTM intervention. Purpose The purpose of this pilot study was to assess intra-cli...
Article
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Atherosclerosis is the pathological basis of various vascular diseases, including those with high mortality, such as myocardial infarction and stroke. However, its pathogenesis is complex and has not been fully elucidated yet. Over the past few years, single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) has been developed and widely used in many biological field...
Article
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RESUMEN El artículo expone el análisis de las trayectorias educativas de los jóvenes en relación con su posición social y su disposición, definida por la perspectiva de tiempo futuro de cada estudiante, frente a su rea-lización en la vida universitaria. El artículo toma una muestra de 968 jóvenes, resultado de la selección de estudiantes que presen...
Book
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Los análisis de política subnacional en América Latina llegaron para quedarse y el presente libro consolida esta área de investigación mostrando su versatilidad y aplicabilidad. Los trabajos compilados en este libro reflejan una agenda de investigación muy promisoria y se enmarcan claramente en los avances anteriormente descritos. Es claro lo que g...
Article
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Qualité du mourir en phase aiguë d'un accident vasculaire cérébral /// Trajectoires des hospitalisations non-programmées dans le parcours des personnes atteintes de démence : tendances évolutives du diagnostic au décès dans une étude de cohorte rétrospective en Angleterre /// Un changement de paradigme nécessaire pour développer la prise en charge...
Presentation
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INTRODUZIONE (Background) La pandemia causata dal Covid-19 ha fortemente modificato il Sistema Sanitario in Regione Lombardia, obbligando a una rapida riorganizzazione delle strutture ospedaliere. Il sistema EMS (Sistema Medico Emergenza) e il Dipartimento di Emergenza (ED) sono stati tra i dipartimenti a essere maggiormente interessati da tali mod...
Article
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Introduction: Left atrial enlargement has been reported to be associated with ischemic stroke. Limited data are available on the relationship of Left atrial size and Cardiogenic embolic stroke. Our aim is to access the association of left atrial size and the occcurrence of acute ischemic stroke.  Methods: A cross sectional, comparative, analytical...
Article
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Objective. To explore the application effect of nursing outcome-oriented integrated zero-defect nursing combined with respiratory function training in long-term bedridden patients with stroke. Methods. A total of 120 long-term bedridden patients with stroke were randomly divided into three groups: groups A, B, and C. Group A was given nursing outco...
Article
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Taking advantage of the concurrent stretching and bending property of corrugated flexure hinges, a sinusoidal corrugated flexure linkage was proposed and applied for the construction of a corrugated dual-axial mechanism with structural symmetry and decoupled planar motion guidance. Castigliano’s second theorem was employed to derive the complete co...
Book
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PREFACIO esde que asumí la Dirección del Departamento de Investigación de la Facultad de Ciencias Administrativas he procurado cumplir esas obligaciones con la mayor responsabilidad consensuando políticas y producciones académicas con los maestros-investigadores del claustro científico. La pretensión de esta diletancia alrededor del proyecto: FCI:...
Conference Paper
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Resumen La investigación se desarrolla en el ámbito de la enseñanza universitaria y se centra en la figura del profesor. El objetivo principal es analizar y explicar la relación entre su participación en una comunidad de práctica y su enseñanza. El estudio es de corte cualitativo, de caso único. Participaron una profesora, líder de la comunidad y u...
Preprint
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Background: Oral contraceptives (OCs) are generally safe but vascular risk factors increase OC-associated ischemic stroke risk. We performed a case-control study to evaluate whether a genomic risk score for ischemic stroke modifies OC-associated ischemic stroke risk. Methods: The Genetics of Early-Onset Stroke (GEOS) study includes 340 premenopausa...
Article
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Rehabilitation of severe impairment in motor function following stroke is very challenging. This is because one of the driving forces for recovery of motor function is tasks practice, something this category of patients cannot voluntarily perform. However, it has now been shown that tasks practice can equally be carried out cognitively and through...
Article
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Inconel718 alloy is widely employed in aerospace industries due to its excellent thermo-mechanical property. As a typical difficult-to-machine material, it is extremely easy to cause grinding burns, surface scratches, and grinding wheel blockages during traditional grinding. In this work, we developed a super elastic composite abrasive tool (ECAT)...
Article
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RESUMEN El objetivo del presente estudio fue analizar los cambios en el rendimiento en función de dos métodos de entrenamiento, el desarrollado mediante electro-estimulación muscular integral (EMI) frente a otro en el que se utilizaron bandas elásticas y que denominamos entrenamiento funcional con elásticos (EFE). La muestra estuvo compuesta por un...
Article
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Although particulate matter (PM) is a major risk factor for stroke, its effects on hospital outpatients admitted for stroke have not been documented in Korea. In addition, recent studies have reported that the effects of PM10 on circulatory mortality changed over time. We aimed to estimate the effects of PM10 on stroke and their temporal heterogene...
Article
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Background: High incidence of covert paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (CPAF) detected by an implantable cardiac monitor (ICM) is expected in embolic stroke of undetermined source (ESUS) patients. This study aimed to determine the CPAF rate in an ESUS cohort using ICMs and compare stroke characteristics of patients with CPAF to those with known or inp...
Chapter
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La presente investigación se realizó en el programa de Biología, Química y Laboratorio de la Universidad Nacional de Chimborazo, Ecuador, con el objetivo de estudiar el impacto y beneficios del laboratorio como estrategia didáctica para el proceso enseñanza-aprendizaje de macromoléculas. El diseño de la investigación es de corte cuantitativo, de ca...
Chapter
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TÍTULO: Problemas actuales en la enseñanza de la Química a alumnos de bachillerato. AUTORES: 1. Máster. Monserrat Catalina Orrego Riofrío. 2. Máster. Hernán Castillo Villacrés. 3. Máster. Mesías Machado Maliza. 4. Máster. Ximena Cangas Oña. 5. Máster. Janneth Ximena Iglesias Quintana. RESUMEN: La disminución de la matrícula de estudiantes en cienci...
Chapter
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Los tradicionales métodos y teorías de la educación no se han podido superar en su totalidad, debido a varios factores; recursos disponibles por las instituciones educativas, existencia de laboratorios, equipos y materiales utilizables, cantidad y tiempo para cubrir con todos los contenidos curriculares, y en algunos casos la educación sigue siendo...
Presentation
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Esta ponencia explora los vínculos entre la universidad y el mundo laboral, proponiendo nuevas miradas sobre la contribución de la formación universitaria al desempeño laboral de los futuros egresados. El trabajo muestra los resultados de un estudio exploratorio realizado con dos grupos de estudiantes de una carrera de tecnicatura en energías suste...
Chapter
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La investigación tiene el objetivo de analizar la importancia de las prácticas preprofesionales en relación con lo que establece la Universidad Nacional de Chimborazo - Ecuador. Se utilizó el método científico, con un diseño no experimental transversal, de carácter descriptivo, de campo y bibliográfica. Los sujetos de estudio se conformaron con los...
Article
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Background: Poststroke dementia is an important consequence of stroke and warrants early prevention, detection, and management. The objective of the study was to develop a simple clinical risk score for predicting risk of vascular dementia in patients with ischemic stroke. Methods: The design was a prospective cohort study with 177 ischemic stro...
Article
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Objective This study analyzed the impact of the improved stroke green channel process on the delay of intravenous thrombolysis in patients with acute cerebral infarction under coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) prevention and control measures. Methods We included 57 patients from the stroke center of the Seventh People's Hospital of Shanghai Univ...
Cover Page
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Tuntutan melaksanakan tugas dengan baik, kadang tidak seimbang dengan kemampuan secara nyata seorang caregiver serta pemenuhan kebutuhan sehari-harinya yang tidak sesuai. Kondisi tersebut jika tidak mendapatkan solusi yang tepat, dapat menyebabkan kelelahan dan stres berkepanjangan serta terjadi konflik internal atau eksternal bagi caregiver. Kondi...
Article
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Background: To determine the prevalence of symptomatic nonstenotic carotid disease (SyNC) using simultaneous non-contrast angiography and intraplaque hemorrhage (SNAP) imaging for patients with acute stroke as an MR screen protocol and to assess imaging findings of carotid plaques. Patients and Methods: From May 2020 to October 2021, 2459 patients...
Article
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Aim: To describe patient characteristics, treatment patterns and stroke risks for patients with newly diagnosed atrial fibrillation (AF) in China. Patients & methods: Patients with AF were identified from an electronic medical record database in China (n = 22,535). Results: Less than half of patients (n = 9971; 44.2%) received antithrombotic medica...
Article
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INTRODUCCIÓN: la pandemia vivida obligó a cambios sociales que pudieron influir en la salud mental. El objetivo fue determinar la prevalencia y asociaciones de ansiedad, depresión y estrés en estudiantes universitarios peruanos durante la pandemia por COVID-19. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: Estudio transversal analítico y multicéntrico, en 2572 estudiantes...
Conference Paper
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The present work describes the experience of face-to-face courses, distance courses and the bimodality adopted by the Mendoza Regional Faculty, of the National Technological University of Argentina, for one of its Engineering Postgraduate Careers. This is the Specialization in Data Networks. The initiative was made possible based on 3 components: •...
Article
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Introduction Due to the presence of risk factors leading to bleeding in old age on one hand and the significant effect of alteplase in improving the symptoms of ischemic stroke on the other hand, also considering the high cost of rtPA injection, there are controversies regarding administration of rtPA in patients over 80 years of age. Therefore, in...
Article
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The present study examined the influence of word complexity on the divided-word effect. By manipulating presentation conditions (line-final presentation vs. divided-word presentation vs. line-initial presentation) and visual complexity (high vs. low), we found a significant divided-word effect that the reading times such as gaze duration and total...
Preprint
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Introduction Novel implementation of a force sensor during a sit-to-stand measure of dynamic cerebral autoregulation (dCA) has been shown to measure the exact moment an individual stands up from a chair, called arise-and-off (AO). Traditional measures estimate time delay (TD) before the onset of the dCA response from the verbal command to stand. We...
Article
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Stroke was the cause of one out of every six deaths from cerebrovascular disease in 2020. A stroke occurs in the United States (US) every 40 seconds. Every 3.5 minutes, people die of a stroke. More than total 795,000 stroke cases occur yearly in the US. This study aims to detect the ischemic stroke lesion that occurs in the brain. The Ischemic Stro...
Conference Paper
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Trabajo presentado en la convocatoria del Consejo Interuniversitario Nacional a las Jornadas de intercambio: Experiencias educativas reconfiguradas en el Nivel Superior, organizadas por CITEP UBA (Centro de Innovaciones en Tecnología y Pedagogía de la Universidad de Buenos Aires) La digitalización tuvo un lugar central en la continuidad de la form...
Presentation
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El enfoque psicológico en la atención de las personas que viven con VIH Por: Dra. Violeta Figueroa Polito "El principal objetivo es propiciar nuevas pers-pectivas emocionales para que el usuario lle-ve un proceso de acep-tación y orientación al diagnóstico, rumbo al mantenimiento de la in-detectabilidad". Helena Izquierdo Morgado Helena Izquierdo M...
Article
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Computer-aided diagnosis/detection (CADx) systems have been used to help doctors in improving the quality of diagnosis and treatment processes in many serious diseases such as breast cancer, brain stroke, lung cancer, and bone fracture. However, the performance of such systems has not been completely accurate. The key factor in CADx systems is to l...
Article
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Background: During the rehabilitation of individuals post stroke, evaluations are performed in order to discern the patient’s prognosis and optimize the treatment plan. However, these tests do not focus on gait symmetry, which might be a predictor for rehabilitation outcomes. We aimed to correlate gait symmetry measures of subacute post stroke pati...
Article
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Poststroke depression significantly affects health and quality of life of stroke patients. This study evaluates the role of social support in influencing poststroke depression. The literature search was conducted in electronic databases and study selection was based on precise eligibility criteria. The prevalence rates reported by individual studie...