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Stroke Prevention - Science topic

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Publications related to Stroke Prevention (10,000)
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Article
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Objectives Evidence-based practice for stroke prevention in high-income countries involves screening for abnormal transcranial Doppler (TCD) velocity and initiating regular blood transfusions for at least 1 year, followed by treatment with hydroxyurea. This practice has not been transferred to low-resource settings like Nigeria, the country with th...
Article
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Background Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with an increased risk of stroke and the combination of AF and mitral stenosis (MS) is associated with a higher risk. In developed nations, degenerative mitral stenosis (DMS) constitutes a sizeable proportion of patients with MS. Current international guidelines do not offer recommendations regardin...
Article
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Sickle cell anemia (SCA) is a hereditary condition that can lead to severe complications in children such as acute coronary syndrome, splenic sequestration, renal failure, and stroke. Blood transfusion and hydroxyurea (HU) therapy are used to prevent stroke in children with sickle cell disease (SCD). Preliminary data show considerable variation and...
Article
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Background and objectives The epidemiology of stroke at high altitudes has not been extensively studied, especially at heights of 4000 m and above. Thus, stroke prevention and treatment at high altitudes are challenging. We conducted a cross-sectional study to estimate the prevalence of stroke, the detection rate of individuals at high risk of stro...
Article
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Objectives The aim of this study was to describe the practice variation in dispensation of secondary stroke preventive drugs among patients at different primary care centres (PCCs) in Stockholm region and to identify factors that may explain the variation. Design Cohort study using administrative data from the Stockholm region. Setting Stockholm...
Article
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PurposeDirect oral anticoagulants (DOACs) have a better safety and efficacy profile than warfarin and are currently recommended for stroke prevention in non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF) and treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE). Given that DOACs do not require regular laboratory monitoring compared to warfarin, patients’ interactions with...
Article
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Pharmacists deliver pharmaceutical care in many different healthcare settings and are well-placed to support the prevention of stroke. However, their role and impact in this area is ill-defined. This systematic review aims to explore the pharmacists' role in stroke prevention. Nine databases were searched for studies reporting pharmacist interventi...
Article
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Several randomized controlled trials have demonstrated the benefits of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs) on ischemic stroke in patients with diabetes. In this review, we summarize and discuss the potential mechanisms of stroke protection by GLP-1RAs. GLP-1RAs exert multiple anti-atherosclerotic effects contributing to stroke prev...
Article
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Objectives The objective of this single‐center, pilot, prospective, and historical control study is to evaluate safety and feasibility outcomes associated with left atrial appendage exclusion (LAAE) concomitant with left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation via less invasive surgery (LIS) as a stroke prevention strategy. Methods A predefi...
Article
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Background Thoracoscopic left atrial appendage clipping as a new strategy for stroke prevention. This study was established to observe the changes in myocardial injury and coagulation during the perioperative to provide the basis for anticoagulation strategy. Methods Fifty‐two patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation who completed thoracoscop...
Article
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Aims Previous studies on the cost-effectiveness of screening for atrial fibrillation (AF) are based on assumptions of long-term clinical effects. The STROKESTOP study, which randomised 27 975 persons aged 75/76 years into a screening invitation group and a control group, has a median follow-up time of 6.9 years. The aim of this study was to estimat...
Article
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Aim of this study was investigate the prevalence and incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF) and to describe the clinical characteristics, risk profiles, and types of anticoagulant therapy for stroke prevention and the clinical outcomes in persons admitted to a long-term care hospital. We conducted a retrospective cohort study using data from the ele...
Article
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Background Rivaroxaban is a novel oral anticoagulant (NOAC) that is commonly used for stroke prevention among patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). However, its cost effectiveness in reducing the risk of hospitalization and mortality in comparison to warfarin among nonvalvular AF patients in Saudi Arabia is largely unknown. Methods This was a si...
Article
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In the Philippines, the mortality from stroke during the last 10 years remains high. This paper aims to describe the gaps in stroke care and the development of stroke systems of care in the Philippines. Gaps in stroke systems of care include low number of neurologist, inadequate CT scan machines, lack of stroke training among health workers, lack o...
Article
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Background: Left atrial appendage occlusion is an increasingly proposed treatment for patients with atrial fibrillation and poor tolerance to anticoagulants. All endovascular devices require antithrombotic therapy. Anatomical and clinical variables predisposing to device-related thrombosis, as well as post-procedural peri-device leaks, could manda...
Article
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: The COVID-19 pandemic has severely impacted healthcare systems worldwide. This study investigated cardiologists’ opinions on how the COVID-19 pandemic impacted clinical practice patterns in atrial fibrillation (AF). A multicenter clinician survey, including demographic and clinical questions, was administered to 300 cardiologists from 22 province...
Article
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Aims: Little is known about rural-urban differences in the treatment and outcomes in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). We aimed to assess whether the initiation of oral anticoagulant (OAC) therapy in patients with AF differs between those with rural and urban residence. Methods: The registry-based FinACAF cohort covers all patients with AF...
Article
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Background This systematic overview was commissioned by England’s Department of Health and Social Care (DHSC) to assess the evidence on direct (previously ‘novel’) oral anticoagulants (OACs), compared with usual care, in adults, to prevent stroke related to atrial fibrillation (AF), and to prevent and treat venous thromboembolism (VTE). Specificall...
Article
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In ischemic stroke patients, the main problem that occurs is cerebral blood flow disturbances. Global Burden Disease data shows that 80% of the population is ischemic stroke and 20% hemorrhagic stroke with a moderate level of neurological deficit of 89%. Nursing actions that can be taken are by providing activities to stroke patients to increase ce...
Article
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Introduction: Non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) is a high-risk factor for ischaemic stroke. The 2016 European Society of Cardiology Atrial Fibrillation Management guidelines recommend oral anticoagulants (OACs) to prevent stroke in men with CHA2DS2-VASc scores ≥2 and women ≥3. However, in patients with a high risk of stroke and a high risk o...
Article
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Background There is no evidence-based therapy for non-arteritic central retinal artery occlusion (NA-CRAO). Intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) with alteplase in a time window < 4.5 h may lead to a favorable outcome. Purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility, efficacy and safety of IVT in patients classified as functionally blind. Method...
Article
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Background: The optimal duration of antithrombotic therapy (ATT) after patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure remains under debate. This study sought to compare the clinical outcome of patients receiving antithrombotic agents for a short (6 months) versus extended (>6 months) period after the procedure. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study...
Article
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Ischemic stroke is one of the major causes of death and permanent disability worldwide. The only efficient treatment to date is anticoagulant therapy and thrombectomy, which enable restitution of blood flow to ischemic tissues. Numerous promising neuroprotectants have failed in clinical trials. Given the complex pathomechanism of stroke, a multitar...
Article
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Introduction: Secondary stroke prevention depends on proper identification of the underlying etiology and initiation of optimal treatment after the index event. The aim of the NOR-FIB study was to detect and quantify underlying atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with cryptogenic stroke (CS) or transient ischaemic attack (TIA) using insertable car...
Article
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Background Anticoagulation is a cornerstone in atrial fibrillation (AF) management for stroke prevention. Studies showed that oral anticoagulants (OAC), previously limited to warfarin, were underused. Recently, non-vitamin K oral anticoagulants (NOACs) have seen widespread adoption, but it has not been well studied whether there has been a subseque...
Article
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Background: Real-world, observational studies have investigated the safety profile of Direct Oral Anticoagulants (DOACs) on Major Hemorrhage (MH) used for stroke prevention in Non-Valvular Atrial Fibrillation (NVAF). We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the comparative safety of DOACs versus other DOACs and versus Vitam...
Article
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Since its conception, transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has undergone important improvements both in the implantation technique and in transcatheter devices, allowing an enthusiastic adoption of this therapeutic approach in a wide population of patients previously without a surgical option and managed conservatively. Nowadays, patients...
Chapter
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Atrial Fibrillation is a common arrhythmia affecting 6 million people in the United States and 33 million people worldwide, associated with significant morbidity. Whereas restoration and maintenance of sinus rhythm can translate into clinical benefit, early intervention in course of the disease can influence success and efficacy of intervention has...
Article
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Background: Like other countries in sub-Saharan Africa, Madagascar has a high burden of stroke. The Malagasy population is unique in sharing both African and Asian ancestry. The proportion of ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke types is unknown for this population. Aim: Our aim was to establish the proportion of stroke types and known risk factors f...
Article
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Background Atrial fibrillation (AF) affects around 6 million Americans. AF management involves pharmacologic therapy and/or interventional procedures to control rate and rhythm, as well as anticoagulation for stroke prevention. Different populations may respond differently to distinct management strategies. This review will describe disparities in...
Article
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Stroke is a serious condition that results from an occlusion of blood vessels that leads to brain damage. Globally, it is the second highest cause of death, and deaths from strokes are higher in older people than in the young. There is a higher rate of cases in urban areas compared to rural due to lifestyle, food, and pollution. There is no effecti...
Article
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Purpose of Review The benefit of using antiplatelet monotherapy in acute ischemic stroke and secondary stroke prevention is well established. In the last few years, several large randomized trials showed that the use of short-term dual antiplatelet therapy in particular stroke subtypes may reduce the risk of recurrent ischemic events. The aim of th...
Article
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Warfarin has been an anticoagulant of choice in patients with advanced Chronic Kidney Diseases (CKD) at stages 4 and 5 for decades, but with the advent of Novel Oral Anticoagulants (NOACs), there has been a sharp rise in their prescriptions. Among all NOACS, apixaban is the least reliant on kidney function and is a very popular choice for this pati...
Article
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A stroke is the rapid loss of brain functions due to disturbance in the blood supply to the brain. In the last few years a great deal of research has been carried out to find the effectiveness of herbal drug for the treatment of stroke. Both thrombolytic and neuro-protective properties of herbal drugs may be a novel strategy for effective stroke th...
Article
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Objectives Nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) concomitant with coronary artery disease (CAD) may increase the risk of thromboembolism. Antithrombotic therapy for NVAF patients with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains contradictory and challenging. This study aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of left atrial appendage closure (...
Conference Paper
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Background Prescription of oral anticoagulants (OAC) is paramount for stroke prevention in people with atrial fibrillation (AF), but treatment decisions in older care home residents are complicated by frailty, multi-morbidity and heightened stroke and bleeding risk. There is a paucity of data on factors influencing the decision to prescribe OAC in...
Article
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One of the primary causes of disability and mortality in the adult population worldwide is stroke. A person’s general health is significantly impacted by their oral and dental health. People who have poor oral health are more susceptible to conditions such as stroke. Stroke risk has long been linked to oral and dental conditions. The risk of stroke...
Article
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Atrial fibrillation (AF) accounts for one-quarter of the global ischemic stroke burden. Population growth and an increasing prevalence of stroke risk factors underscores the critical need to recognize and address the worldwide crisis in underutilization of antithrombotic therapy for patients with AF. Failure to address key patient, clinician, and s...
Article
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Purpose of Review Worldwide, compared to other racial/ethnic groups, individuals of African ancestry have an excessively higher burden of hypertension-related morbidities, especially stroke. Identifying modifiable biological targets that contribute to these disparities could improve global stroke outcomes. In this scoping review, we discuss how pat...
Article
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Rationale & Objective Direct oral anticoagulants (DOAC) have progressively replaced vitamin K antagonists (VKA) for stroke prevention in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF). DOACs cause fewer bleeding complications but other advantages of DOACs, particularly related to kidney outcomes, remain inconclusive. We studied the risks of CK...
Article
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Background Individuals with ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) have a high early risk of ischemic stroke despite dual antiplatelet therapy. The risk of ischemic stroke, and associated disability, represents a significant unmet clinical need. Genetic variants resulting in reduced factor XI levels are associated with reduced risk for...
Article
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The breakdown of the blood–brain barrier (BBB) is a critical event in the development of secondary brain injury after stroke. Among the cellular hallmarks in the acute phase after stroke are a downregulation of tight-junction molecules and the loss of microvascular pericyte coverage and endothelial sealing. Thus, a rapid repair of blood vessel inte...
Article
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(250 words) Background Dabigatran is effective and safe for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation and for venous thromboembolism prevention and treatment. In Canada, APO-dabigatran, a generic formulation, has been approved based on a bioequivalence study but its bioavailability in settings of reduced gastric acidity has not been e...
Article
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Background: High incidence of covert paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (CPAF) detected by an implantable cardiac monitor (ICM) is expected in embolic stroke of undetermined source (ESUS) patients. This study aimed to determine the CPAF rate in an ESUS cohort using ICMs and compare stroke characteristics of patients with CPAF to those with known or in...
Article
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Background and Objectives: Thrombolytic therapy with recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) is used to treat acute ischemic stroke. Dabigatran is a reversible thrombin inhibitor approved for stroke prevention in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation. In such cases, thrombolytic therapy can be administered to certain patients...
Article
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Aim: To describe patient characteristics, treatment patterns and stroke risks for patients with newly diagnosed atrial fibrillation (AF) in China. Patients & methods: Patients with AF were identified from an electronic medical record database in China (n = 22,535). Results: Less than half of patients (n = 9971; 44.2%) received antithrombotic medica...
Preprint
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Background Due to the real time acquisition of big data from the internet, analysis of Google queries is now recognized as a valuable tool to explore and predict human behavior and interests. It has been suggested that online data can be correlated with actual health data. Although the data is not structured nor systematic, the huge data from searc...
Article
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Background Compared with usual care, guideline-adherent stroke prevention strategy, based on the ABC (Atrial fibrillation Better Care) pathway, is associated with better outcomes. Given that stroke prevention is central to atrial fibrillation (AF) management, improved efforts to determining predictors of adherence with ‘A’ (avoid stroke) component...
Article
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Purpose of Review Atrial fibrillation is associated with a significant increase in stroke and systemic embolism. This review explores the areas of stroke prevention. Recent Findings In the last decade, NOAC has overtaken warfarin as the anticoagulant of choice for stroke prevention in AF. For patients unable to take anticoagulation, LAA closure ha...
Article
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Introduction Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a prevalent disease considerably contributing to the worldwide cardiovascular burden. For patients at high thromboembolic risk (CHA 2 DS 2 -VASc ≥3) and not suitable for chronic oral anticoagulation, owing to history of major bleeding or other contraindications, left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO) is indi...
Article
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Vascular dementia (VD) is a neurocognitive disorder whose precise definition is still up for debate. VD generally refers to dementia that is primarily caused by cerebrovascular disease or impaired cerebral blood flow. It is a subset of vascular cognitive impairment, a class of diseases that relate any cerebrovascular injury as a causal or correlati...
Article
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Atrial fibrillation (AF), the most common sustained arrhythmia in clinical practice, represents a major cause of morbidity and mortality, with an increasing prevalence. Pharmacologic treatment remains the cornerstone of its management through rhythm and rate control, as well as the prevention of thromboembolism with the use of oral anticoagulants....
Article
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Background The Global Anticoagulant Registry in the FIELD–Atrial Fibrillation (GARFIELD-AF) is a worldwide non-interventional study of stroke prevention in patients with non-valvular AF.Methods and results52,080 patients with newly diagnosed AF were prospectively enrolled from 2010 to 2016. 4121 (7.9%) of these patients were recruited in DACH [Germ...
Article
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This study aims to determine the effect of multimedia-based education on the management of hypertension on changes in stroke prevention behavior. The method in this study uses a quasi-experimental pre-post and post-test with control group design. The study population was all elderly with hypertension in Cipayung District, East Jakarta. The sampling...
Article
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Stroke is the second leading cause of death and the third leading cause of disability worldwide and its burden is increasing rapidly in low-income and middle-income countries, many of which are unable to face the challenges it imposes. In this Health Policy paper on primary stroke prevention, we provide an overview of the current situation regardin...
Article
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Background Both catheter left atrial appendage occlusion combined with ablation (COA) and thoracoscopic surgical left atrial appendage clipping combined with ablation (TCA) have shown favorable outcomes in management of patients with atrial fibrillation (AFib). However, studies comparing the endpoints of both techniques are still lacking. Herein, a...