Science topics: Strategic Thinking
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I believe technology has helped all field of science while heritage is one of the most valuable subject for people in all over the world. Protecting the heritage is a Serious responsibility because It is a trust in the hands of the present generation that must be preserved and handed over to the next generation and so how could be used new technology of HBIM to reach this goal.
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Dear David
I agree with you, but I hope that in the future this technology will be better known and due to the high value of heritage, we will be able to preserve and use them. It is my dream to justify the costs against the values ​​of our cultural heritage. Thank you very much for sharing your idea about HBIM with me.
Yours sincerely,
Ali
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The formation of citizens with strategic thinking, solidarity and equitable access to decisions making (citizenship) is increasingly seen as a practical solution to face the consequences of Covid 19, corruption and biases in local/regional development. Your valuable contributions are welcomed.
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Dear Luis Fernando Gallegos-Rodríguez,
Yes. In my opinion, crises such as the natural crisis, climate crisis, pandemic crisis, etc. are the source of economic, social, political crises, etc. In such difficult situations, the importance of general social awareness of various aspects of social justice, social political responsibility, democratization and liberalization of various spheres of life is growing citizens, fairer management and distribution of goods, sustainable development. In the conditions of serious crises threatening the effective development of civilization, the importance of social civic responsibility grows, social undertakings are undertaken from the bottom to increase social justice in the field of a more even distribution of goods, new social organizations co-create civil society and opportunities for socio-economic and civilization development increase in accordance with principles of sustainable development. Thanks to these processes, there is an increase in the possibilities of solving problems resulting from economic crises (e.g. causing an increase in unemployment, a decrease in income, an increase in the scale of economic stratification of the society, an increase in the income disproportion of key social strata), natural and health crises (e.g. natural disasters, plagues of infectious diseases and pests on farmlands, epidemics and pandemics, including the SARS-CoV-2 / Covid-19 / Coronavirus pandemic), climate crises (e.g. droughts, soil barrenness and desertification in farmlands, forest fires, ongoing global warming process, increasing scale weather anomalies and climatic disasters), etc. Therefore, the development of civil society favors the possibility of a real implementation of the principles of sustainable development into economic processes.
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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A cross cultural study for example.
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Uno de mis ámbitos de trabajo es el pensamiento estratégico, estudio de casos en ecuador. Puedo estar interesado.
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Hi Guys!
I came across a master thesis which presents a scenario about the future of nursery in a particular sanitary region. In the methodological section the author states that he provided the experts gathered in the brainstorming exercise with the driving forces and the respective uncertainties so that they can pick the critical ones, in order to build the scenario. Is that a good procedure? Actually this is the first time I came across with this. I think brainstorming meant o provide the driving forces. Am I wright?
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The objective of brain storming is to check whether the initiators of the session have missed any blind spots. So if you give the driving forces up front it could have two outcomes - stereo type answers which the team already knew, or something new which the team had missed earlier.
This is where the moderator's expertise comes into play - to constantly track the progress and if the session is heading in a direction which we already knew, the Moderator needs to play the devil's advocate to divert the discussions into unknown terrains.
But personally I would not give the driving forces earlier. Let the participants come up with a list of driving forces and the scenarios for different combination of these forces. That way the ideas generated will be large in numbers.
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what are the organisational culture variables that can influence the quality of strategic thinking?
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The question of the extent to which org culture influences strategic thinking invites us to explore how it does this, as the preceding answers show. I would start with Ahmed Quinn's point that org culture and strategic thinking affect each other, and add that they are both constantly adapting to their environment, especially the forces of globalization.
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I am looking for interested researchers in the subject of strategic thinking in Arab organisations
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Yes, I will be happy to work on 'strategic thinking in Arab organisations'
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I am looking for a new point of view to understand strategic thinking in Arab organisations
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This is a difficult question to answers as the context for raising this question is unknown, but its quite an interesting one. I will try to answer this question in two parts:
1. We can define the two types of Arab organization as - Public or governmental organizations and the private companies. These are the two key stakeholders, in which the governmental organizations play a role of creating and managing the framework for creation of wealth while the private companies exploit this framework to assimilate and disburse wealth.
The government organizational strategization process is seemingly driven by goals that are primarily focused at political, security, health, education and socio-economic development. (you can get a perspective of strategic thinking in public sector by reading a report on how strategic thinking is applied by UK - https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201012/cmselect/cmpubadm/1625/1625.pdf)
The private companies goal is wealth creation by exploitation of opportunities and resources. They strategize based on their internal capabilities and changes that are happening in the external environmental, this is a matter of great importance in the Arab region, where the external environment has been hit with sudden unpredictable shocks and surprises, either unknown to private businesses or if known difficult for them to adjust.
2. Approach to understanding strategic thinking in these Arab organizations - would involve evaluating the vision and mission, evaluating the political and cultural dynamics, slicing and dicing the data on performance, aligning performance data with expected goals and objectives as per the vision and mission, identifying strengths and weakness along with opportunities and threats to growth, regional, national and global dynamics that affect competitiveness status and resource availability and limitations of these organizations.
Politics and cultural differences play a very important aspect of influencing decision making in Arab organizations and need to be incorporated in any evaluation study to provide a true perspective of strategic thinking in these organizations.
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How successful people thinking 1. Seeing the Wisdom of Big-Picture Thinking 2. Unleashing the Potential of Focused Thinking 3. Discovering the Joy of Creative Thinking. 4. Recognizing the Importance of Realistic Thinking. 5. Releasing the Power of Strategic Thinking. 6. Feeling the Energy of Possibility Thinking 7. Embracing the Lessons of Reflective Thinking. 8. Questioning the Acceptance of Popular Thinking.
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Dear Yousif Riyadh Mahmood,
The topic is important. In my opinion, this is an important and interesting question. It is very good that this question appeared on the research portal Research Gate. This is a very interesting and scientifically important topic.
I would add to the above issues also creative thinking, the effect of which are inventions invented, new technological connections, rationalization solutions in production processes, product and other innovations, etc.
Best wishes
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What kind of knowledge we need to share in bank?
Is knowledge invites or influences (thinking) strategic thinking?
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The following sources should also be helpful, particularly: Banking business model; Relationship lending/marketing in SME banking; SME lending/finance; Equipment lease; Risk management; Bankruptcy predicting elements/model; Bank competition analysis; Bank service-quality measurement, etc. 
  • Aldlaigan, A. H. and Buttle, F. A. (2002). SYSTRA-SQ: A new measure of bank service quality. International Journal of Service Industry Management, 13, 3/4, pp. 362-381.
  • Altman, E. I. (1968). Financial Ratios, Discriminant Analysis and the Prediction of Corporate Bankruptcy. The Journal of Finance, 23, 4, pp. 589-609.
  • Berger, A. N. and Udell, G. F. (1995). Relationship Lending and Lines of Credit in Small Firm Finance. Journal of Business, 68, 3, pp. 351-381.
  • Berger, A. N. and Udell, G. F. (2006). A more complete conceptual framework for SME finance. Journal of Banking and Finance, 30, 11, pp. 2945-2966.
  • De la Torre, A., Pería, M. S. M. and Schmukler, S. L. (2010). Bank involvement with SMEs: Beyond relationship lending. Journal of Banking and Finance, 34, 9, pp. 2280-2293.
  • Dibb, S. and Meadows, M. (2001). The application of a relationship marketing perspective in retail banking. The Service Industries Journal, 21, 1, pp. 169-194.
  • Dick, A., A (2007). Market Size, Service Quality, and Competition in Banking. Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, 39, 1, pp. 49-81.
  • Westley, G. D. (2003). Equipment Leasing and Lending: A Guide for Microfinance, New York Avenue, Washington, D.C., Inter-American Development Bank. 
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Hi, is there any study for the relationship between strategic thinking and knowledge sharing behaviour , knowledge acquiring , knowledge sharing.
Thanks 
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 Thanks Prof. Gustavo Concari.
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Digital humanities is an area of research and teaching at the intersection of computing and the disciplines of the humanities such as history, philosophy, linguistics, literature, art, archaeology, music, and cultural studies).
What are the application of "digital humanities "in your specialty?
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Since the mid-1970s, archaeology in the US has become more-and-more an interdisciplinary science. We (practicing/professional consulting/contracting and cultural-resource-management) archaeologists have tended to remain on the forefront of adopting new technologies (e.g. digital photography, aerial photography, remote-sensing, drones, GPR, GIS, GPS ... the Internet-of-Everything ... open access publishing) and working closely/cooperatively with any-and-all scientists in other disciplines who may help us find answers to our problems. Because we have had good and early experience managing our research as interdisciplinarians, that has predisposed us to be early-adopters and exploiters (and purveyors to other disciplines) of any new digital technologies and methods. The academic archaeologists (in universities) have been much slower and more conservative in adopting-and-teaching new digital methods (although we practical archaeologists have managed to more-or-less drag them along, screaming-and-kicking against anything new, trying to maintain the status-quo of traditional methods, into the new digital age). I think, nowadays, even the staid academics are just-about-over their tantrums, and realize that, contrary to what they initially believed-and-argued (feared), the new digital age will not destroy archaeology, but has only aided in its progress and the global realization that archaeology is not a totally esoteric pursuit, but offers one of the best ways we may have to ever understanding how we have become the people (cultures) we are nowadays (and understanding the past challenges we have overcome bearing-on humankind's very survival so that we may chart a better-and-safer path for the future). Perhaps the greatest value of the "digital humanities" is providing timely information to all researchers/teachers on failed experiments, and unproductive lines-of-research, so as to prevent the wasted efforts/resources as in the past ... before such instantaneous and global awareness was possible.
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Can anyone help me to find how to measure the health insurance policy holders behaviour?  What are the determinant factors for purchasing or not purchasing the health insurance?  How to involve Heuristics, Endowment effect, loss aversion ,prospect theory, satisficing  and strategic thinking as a construct  for preparing the questionnaire? What are the other constructs or variables available for measuring the behaviour of health insurance policy holders. Whether is it  possible to apply agent based modeling  for knowing about behaviour and goal of agent.Please suggest some variables?
Thank You.
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A number of factors are relevant in this regard.Particular insurance packages, simplicity of procedure and various security related issues are very much relevant.
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Problem in academic critical thinking skills: is it a thinking problem or language problem? I'm looking for any published/research papers which discuss this issue.
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I have not published in this subject, but I have reached the conclusion that we often think about critical thinking in a wrong way.
We refer to critical thinking as an ability, but it is better to think of it as a process.  The PROCESS is to analyse a situation in terms of how it is similar to, and different from, other situations, and to reach conclusions.  
I see many academic papers that do not show much critical thinking.  I think that this is because people have never learned and practiced the process.  
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Ozawa and Seltzer (1999) through an extensive survey, attempted to produce a list of skills and competencies a planning graduate should possess, which Alexander (2005) consequently refined into skill-based categories. Both these studies identify ‘Synthesis, Creativity and Design’ to be a major skill set within a planner’s competence. Keeping in mind that a spatial planner’s ultimate object is creating or shaping physical form or spaces, what sort of ‘Design’ does this refer to? Is it the ‘Design’ that I emphasised on my previous post? I do not think so. Then, what sort of ‘Design’ it is?
It is my view that I should elaborate on what sort of ‘Design’ that I intend discuss about. As most of you have already agreed upon or would agree, design fore mostly is a problem solving exercise. Reading into Christopher Alexander’s work on Notes on the Synthesis of Form (1964) design as a problem solving activity, can be broadly understood have three constituents or components. Based on this premise Munasinghe (2007) conceptualises a design activity or ‘an act of design’ can be witnessed in the presence of,
1. A cognitive act that deals with identifying and envisaging patterns on a given problem or situation
2. A process of both problem solving and realizing form with regard to these patterns
3. A product (physical or functional) with which its designer’s thinking can be traced.
Alexander (1964) also extends his argument by stating
“...before we can ourselves turn a problem into form, because we are self-conscious, we need to make explicit maps of the problem structure…”
Hence, a designer in order to achieve physical clarity in a form, must achieve some form of programmatic clarity in his or hers mind and actions. From a spatial planners’ point of view, it is then critical that they have higher capacities in visualising and envisaging the particular ‘physical form’ that they intend to create of shape. Their task in achieving such ‘form’ in this sense, doesn’t necessarily have to be ‘sitting on a drawing board’ composing plans, sections or visuals, although it is an important part of the process, for which they can seek assistance from allied experts. The above mentioned ‘product’ from a planner’s point of view can be a policy decision, a regulation, a charter, a contract, (urban) design guidelines, an assessment and the list goes on… Yet, it is the responsibility of a planners to have clarity of thought especially their spatial thinking ability, on the particular ‘design product’ they intend to achieve. In the absence of such clarity in mind, planner’s identity as a ‘designer of space’ would inevitably extinct, leaving behind a bureaucrat whose task is restricted to the mere application of technical knowledge. Emerging specialities of city designing—the so-called ‘qualified designers’, certainly making this difficult for spatial planners.
If it is clarity of thought or skills of visualisation and envisaging what spatial planners are seeking, there is a wealth of knowledge that they can utilise. Numerous ‘thinking models’ or ‘methods of structured thinking’—Strategic Thinking, Systems Thinking, Design Thinking etc. are already proved effective in uncovering and enhancing cognitive capacities of professionals. It may necessarily mean that spatial planning graduates and students should adapt ‘Design’ thinking at an early stage of their careers within their multi-disciplinary concerns of space, in becoming expert ‘Designers’ of space.
According to Tonkinwise (2011) however, such thinking expertise cannot exist in isolation of being a designer—what Cross (2004) states as ‘designerly ways of being’. Within his explanation, it is quite clear that such state of being is something that has to be manifested within a person, through conscious and deliberate being. It requires both structured way of thinking and acting accordingly. It then inevitably becomes a way of life; a part of who that person is; and his or hers actions then, becomes a part of what that person is. It may be then the need of the day for Spatial Planners and planning students to develop such understanding and act accordingly.
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This is an interesting discussion. In answering your question it is important to acknowledge the enourmous diversity in planning and design practices and disciplines. This implies that skills and competencies are diverging as well; in time and place. Many of the debates about the skills and competencies of planners have revolved a certain ideal type planner; one that never existed and never will exist. Furthermore not all planners will work on the same issues and from the same perspective or interest. Contemporary challenges require a different kind of planner, with different skills and compentencies than those of planners who used to formulate and enforce zoning plans for example. Skills, competencies and therefore the education systems need to stimulate diversity and evolve with sociatal demand and challenges.
In an article in Planning Theory (see attach) we argued that a design perspective can enrich planning systems, and planners can indeed become designers. But we have also shown that this might entail some risks. The benefits and risks are community and time specific, as the co-evolutions of planning and design have shown, and should therefor always be considered in a specific context.
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My strategy development techniques are based on both Michael Porter, who provides practical planning processes, and Michel Robert, who argues for "thinking" ahead of "planning."
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I would like to separate two factors in Strategy: the methodology and the thinking content (strategic thinking). If you look to the warfare principles  they look more or less the same in western countries but they may differ consistently if you consider them basing  the decision process on the oriental approach (see Sun Tzu principles).  I had in my organization  about twenty years ago an Army General and we were sometimes talking of the basic principles to define a strategy in the battlefield. He was always recalling a repetend : "ma-ma-ri-sor- si" , that in Italian stands for  massa, manovra, riserva, sorpresa, sicurezza . Similar simple war principles are declined in all the languages and you have to take care of them, of course. You must anyhow consider that by adding some "lateral thinking"  you may come out with many different strategies to be evaluated, and apparently responding to the above principles in comparable way.
Usually, by the book strategists , are very good in the technical part of the game (e.g. logistics , in Army General cases) but in today Management and competitive environment complexity, It is becoming more and more important  the capability of generating potentially winning strategies expressed  and generated via an interdisciplinary management approach, culture and experience.
A preminent technical approach to Planning might prove to be weak in the competitive practice and operation, if forgetting that  effective Strategic "Thinking" is to be considered a prime factor regarding the strategic process.The subsidiary importance of proper Technical Planning, should be then considered, in my opinion , as  an added value factor.
I have significant case histories in my mind  to outline that, Strategy Wise,  If you have good Planning and poor Thinking, the final result you should expect, is a poor one!
Kind regards
Alberto
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Towards the projected 100,000 jobs expected to be created by Berlin's Tech Start-Up Ecosystem by the year 2020, I am undertaking meta analysis of primary empirical data of what the critcal success factors for Berlin's tech start-ups could be. 
Generally, 9 out 10 start-ups fail; The same failure rates also apply to new tech ventures in Berlin.
With Berlin's already conducive atmosphere for tech entrepreneurship, a decrease in failure rates could springboard the 100,000 jobs creation before or in 2020.
I would be grateful if anyone could assist with or point to any scientific literature on performance/success factors for tech start-ups in the global ecosytem, Europe and/or Berlin.
 
 
 
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The good scientific reference is Ron Adner, The wide lens a new strategy for innovation". The author spent a decade studying the root causes of innovation success and failure. His perpective inludes the Ecosystem.
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Based on adult learning theories and principles, we know adults have their own ways of learning and developing skills required to perform their jobs effectively. Has anyone written or come across studies which focused on this?
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Dear Krishnan and Artur,
Tqvm for sharing. Truly appreciate it. Helps me a lot.
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Do you use metaphors in your thinking process? How often, which metaphor and why? Do differences in metaphorical thinking affect dialogue?
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@Jalal, as an engineer trying to give an answer to your thread, I borrowed the definition of metaphorical thinking, in a meantime! Here it is, while my answer will follow later. Actually, I have to think a lot and do a lot of reminds.
So: "Metaphoric thinking is a substitutional mental process in which implicit comparisons are made between qualities of objects which are usually considered in separate classifications. By poetically sensing and analogically developing the hidden connections between these normally separated qualities, the student is able to synthesize new mental constructs as forms that may be called creative. With the great over emphasis in education on making clear, linear, and literal connections, the synthesis of new evocative forms is an important productive thinking skill for all students who hope to do more than memorize information."
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Base on strategic models
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For case study analysis, first & foremost is to understand and note the situations in the case. Further study of the case, must lead to identification of the problems which the organization, under study, is facing. These two factors, viz, Situations & Problems in the case, will help in further analysis, using strategic model. Case analysis could be done, using the concept of SWOT ( Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats ), ETOP ( Environmental Threat and Opportunity profile) & SAP ( Strategic Advantage Profile) analysis, Matrix analysis ( e.g. BCG, GE Nine Cell etc. ). The strategic decision on analysis, must lead to competitive advantage & value creation for the organization to overcome the problems.
This method is based on basic concept of strategic management. There could be other methods of analysis.