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Science method

Sports Medicine - Science method

Sports medicine is a branch of medicine that deals with physical fitness, treatment and prevention of injuries related to sports and exercise.
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Publications related to Sports Medicine (10,000)
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Article
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It is well-established that appropriate hydration practices are essential in promoting health and optimizing performance and recovery. However, evidence-based hydration guidelines may not be adopted due to cultural differences across countries, such as religious beliefs, traditions, preferences, and beverage availability. Examples of hydration prac...
Article
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Background The risk of injury in adolescent handball is high, and shoulder and knee injuries are among the most frequent and burdensome. The Swedish Knee Control programme reduced the risk of anterior cruciate ligament injuries in female youth football players and traumatic knee injuries in male and female youth floorball players. However, to date,...
Article
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Background Patient-reported allergies (PRAs) are often stigmatized as a potential nonmodifiable risk factor for increased pain and worse functional outcomes following surgery. However, there is a dearth of literature directly assessing the impact of PRAs on outcomes in sport surgeries such as medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction (MPFLR). T...
Article
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Background Military populations, including fast jet aircrew (FJA - aka fighter aircrew/pilots), commonly suffer from musculoskeletal complaints, which reduce performance and operational capability. Valid surveillance tools and agreed recordable injury definitions are lacking. Our objective was to develop and then evaluate the validity of a musculos...
Article
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Return-to-sport (RTS) decisions are critical to clinical sports medicine and are often characterised by uncertainties, such as re-injury risk, time pressure induced by competition schedule and social stress from coaches, families and supporters. RTS decisions have implications not only for the health and performance of an athlete, but also the spor...
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Background Sports and recreational activities are the most commonly reported cause of injury-related emergency department (ED) visits among children and young adults in developed countries, yet studies about the effect of neighborhood environment on sports and recreational injuries (SRI) are very limited. The aim of this study was to systematically...
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Introduction Patellar tendinopathy is one of the most common musculoskeletal problems associated with sport. While commonly perceived as a predominantly male problem, recent epidemiological studies revealed that it also affects a large number of sport-active women. The aim of this systematic review was to understand how the available treatments app...
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Background Extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) is used commonly to treat pain and function in Achilles tendinopathy (AT). The aim of this study was to synthesize the evidence from (non-) randomized controlled trials, to determine the clinical effectiveness of ESWT for mid-portion Achilles tendinopathy (mid-AT) and insertional Achilles tendinopa...
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Background The timing of a return to sport (RTS) after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) represents a major subject of debate in sports medicine practice. Recently, the Knee Santy Athletic Return to Sport (K-STARTS) composite test was validated. This consists of a battery of physical tests and a psychological evaluation using the ant...
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Human action recognition technology plays an crucial role in the fields of video surveillance, video retrieval, sports medicine and human–computer interaction. Slow research and application of this technology limited to complex environments and plasticity of human action. As a new sensor, Kinect provides a new idea for human action recognition, whi...
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Background Functional tests (FT) are assessment tools that attempt to evaluate balance, flexibility, strength, power, speed, or agility through performance of gross motor skills. FT are frequently administered by coaches or sports medicine professionals to evaluate athletic ability, to predict performance, to identify athletes at risk for injury, o...
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Background Popularity of rock climbing is steadily increasing. With its inclusion in the Olympic Games this will likely continue. Injuries from rock climbing are also increasing. The most common injury is to the flexor pulley system, consisting of the finger flexors and five annular ligaments (pulleys). Treatment of this injury includes taping of a...
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There is growing interest in the role of predictive analytics in sport, where such extensive data collection provides an exciting opportunity for the development and utilisation of prediction models for medical and performance purposes. Clinical prediction models have traditionally been developed using regression-based approaches, although newer ma...
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Background Low back pain affects millions of people worldwide and can be a difficult condition to manage clinically. Many cases do not have a discernable etiology, further increasing the complexity of finding an effective intervention. Core stabilization exercises (CSE) strengthen the musculature that provides stability to the spine and show promis...
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In order to solve the problem of sports medical image in basketball training, a sports medical image modeling research method based on injury prevention in basketball training was proposed. By the method, the current situation of sports injury in university basketball was investigated. At the same time, the injury factors were analyzed on four occa...
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Objective: To assess the bidirectional association between chronic pain and both subjectively and objectively measured physical activity (PA). Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Population-based sample in Lausanne, Switzerland, May 2014 to April 2017. Participants: Non-stratified, representative sample of the population of Lausanne (Swi...
Poster
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Abstract Background: Firefighters are placed under severe cardiovascular load in performing active duty and, when carrying various coronary artery disease (CAD) risk factors, firefighters are predisposed to significant morbidity and mortality. Reducing the incidence of these risk factors is paramount. The purpose of this study is to determine the p...
Article
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Background and purpose: Vitamin D insufficiency may be common among elite athletes, but prevalence is unclear, and some potentially important risk factors are uncertain. The present study aimed to (a) estimate the prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency in elite athletes, and (b) examine differences in prevalence between the sexes, and between adult...
Article
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Nine ski mountaineering (Ski-Mo), ten Nordic-cross country (NCC), and twelve world elite biathlon (Bia) athletes were evaluated for cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) performance and pronounced echocardiographic physiological cardiac remodeling as a primary aim of our descriptive preliminary report. In this context, a multicenter retrospective an...
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The lockdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic inherently changed people’s lifestyles. Forty-eight days of isolation led to worsening physical fitness in addition to the development of other unhealthy habits. The aim of this study was to describe sport-related injuries in the active general population. Physical therapy centres and sports medicine clinic...
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Today, researchers, practitioners, and physicians measure the concentration of lactate during a graded exercise test to determine thresholds related to the maximal lactate steady state (maxLass) as a sensitive measure of endurance capacity. In the 1970s and 1980s, a group of Cologne-based researchers around Wildor Hollmann, Alois Mader, and Hermann...
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The effects of physical exercise, whether for performance or health, on metabolism and the immune system have long intrigued researchers and professionals. The main objective was to investigate and present the baseline values, after a total rest of 72 hours, of blood and urine biomarkers and other physiological variables in high-level MMA athletes,...
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Background The potential decrease in daily physical activity associated with the COVID-19 pandemic lockdowns may have a negative impact on people living with dementia. Given the limited literature around the effects of home confinement in people living with dementia, this study investigated changes in physical exercise levels of participants in the...
Article
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Purpose of Review Periscapular and upper back pain (PSUBP) is frequently seen in the sports medicine clinic. This review aims to summarize specific conditions that cause PSUBP along with their current diagnostic and treatment interventions. Recent Findings PSUBP has a broad differential, and management varies based on its etiology, two of which ar...
Article
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Objective We aimed to quantify the female athlete composition of the research data informing the most influential consensus and position statements in treating sports-related concussions. Design We identified the most influential concussion consensus and position statements through citation and documented clinician use; then, we analysed the perce...
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Introduction Heading is an integral part of football and frequent media reports and previous studies about potential danger of heading and head trauma in football fuelled discussions. Epidemiological data and video analyses regarding headings situation and associated head injuries are still missing in male adult professional football. Methods In a...
Book
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Hardback ISBN-13: 978-1-5275-8558-4 Malnutrition is a critical factor in almost all pathological conditions in humans. The human body contains many 'soldiers' and mechanisms that protect it from threats, whether internal or external. Maintaining these self-defense means is dependent on healthy nutrition and regular physical activity. This book cons...
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Purpose ACL injuries are one of the most severe injuries in football, but medical consequences and performance outcomes after return to competition are only rarely investigated. Aim of this study was to analyse the time of return to competition (RTC) in German professional, semi-professional and amateur football. Also, this investigation highlights...
Article
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Background Autologous conditioned serum (ACS) has been extensively used in the field of veterinary orthopaedics and sports medicine. Due to the autologous and blood-derived nature of this product, issues such as individual variability, need for storage at low temperatures and non-availability for immediate are frequently encountered for ACS use in...
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Background Advances in sports medicine, rehabilitation applications and diagnostics of neuromuscular disorders are based on the analysis of skeletal muscle contractions. Recently, medical imaging techniques have transformed the study of muscle contractions, by allowing identification of individual motor units’ activity, within the whole studied mus...
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Objective: To describe risk factors associated with demographics, training, and competition for iliopsoas injury in dogs participating in agility competitions, as well as describe owner reported treatment and return to sport following injury. Procedures: An internet-based survey of agility handlers collected risk factor data for dogs participati...
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“I remember when sex was safe and skydiving was dangerous” read a popular bumper sticker during the HIV crisis. Popular perceptions of extreme sport (ES) often include the descriptor ‘dangerous’. Therefore, why is the popularity of ES increasing exponentially with “dedicated TV channels, internet sites, high-rating competitions, and high-profile sp...
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Background: Rock climbing is an antigravitational sport in which a low body weight may intuitively seem beneficial. A small number of studies have found an increased prevalence of disordered eating among adolescent and adult climbers. However, to date there has been no qualitative research into the attitudes towards disordered eating and body imag...
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Background: Previous research has shown that frailty leads to falls, institutionalization, hospitalization, and the loss of functional capacity. While numerous intervention methods aim to reverse frailty, the most effective in older adults is multicomponent exercise. Physical performance has been highlighted as a key factor in mobility, independen...
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Background Bibliometric citation analyses have been widely used in medicine to help researchers gain foundational knowledge about a topic and identify subtopics of popular interest for further investigations. There is a lack of similar research in collegiate athletics. Purpose To identify the 100 most-cited research publications related to collegi...
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Introduction Extremely preterm (EP)/extremely low birthweight (ELBW) individuals may have an increased risk for adverse cardiovascular outcomes. Compared with term-born controls, these individuals have poorer lung function and reduced exercise capacity. Exercise interventions play an important role in reducing cardiopulmonary risk, however their us...
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Objectives To identify the top 100 most impactful anterior cruciate ligament articles in online media as measured by the Altmetric Attention Score and compare their characteristics to the most-cited anterior cruciate ligament articles in the scientific literature. Methods The Altmetric database was queried to identify all published articles pertai...
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Objective: Shear wave elastography (SWE) allows assessment of muscle and tendon stiffness and can be used to diagnose soft tissue pathologies such as tendinopathies. In sports medicine, SWE may have the potential to uncover structural changes early on before they lead to functional impairment. To systematically analyze possible differences in tend...
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The surgical fixation of an acute on chronic pectoralis major rupture with inciting injury 7 years prior has never been reported in the literature. Thus, we report the first case of an acute on chronic pectoralis major rupture repair in an active male patient who underwent successful surgical intervention and review the pathophysiology and treatmen...
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Objectives The objectives of this study were to (1) examine the relationship between the number of head impacts sustained in a season of men's collegiate club ice hockey and behavioral traits of aggression and sensation seeking, and (2) explore the neural correlates of these behaviors using neuroimaging. Design Retrospective cohort study. Methods...
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Background Patellofemoral instability (PFI) occurs most commonly in pediatric and adolescent patients, with evolving indications for surgery and changes in surgical techniques over the past decade. Purpose To characterize the demographic, clinical, and radiologic characteristics of a large cohort of patients undergoing PFI surgery and investigate...
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Background The epidemiology of acute vertebral fractures (AVFs) sustained while skiing and snowboarding remains poorly defined in the United States. Hypothesis It was hypothesized that there would be no significant differences across sex and a greater number of AVFs in younger age groups associated with skiing and snowboarding. Study Design Descr...
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Objectives In part 1, the objective was to undertake a systematic scoping review of applied sports science and sports medicine in women’s rugby, and in part 2 to develop a consensus statement on future research priorities. Design In part 1, a systematic search of PubMed (MEDLINE), Scopus and SPORTDiscus (EBSCOhost) was undertaken from the earliest...
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Background Sleep issues are commonly reported in athletes after a sport-related concussion (SRC). Further studies are needed to evaluate screening methods for sleep disturbances and the risk of persisting symptoms after an SRC. Purpose To evaluate the association between the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 5 (SCAT5) symptoms of trouble falling as...
Article
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We have been amid unhealthy living and related chronic disease pandemics for several decades. These longstanding crises have troublingly synergized with the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. The need to establish research priorities in response to COVID-19 can be used to address broad health and wellbeing, social and economic impacts fo...
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Purpose The aim of this anatomical study was to describe the anatomy of the meniscal roots and their relationships with respect to the main adjacent structures in order to improve their surgical reconstruction. Methods Fourteen knees were included. The mean age of the donors was 92 years (range 89–96). We studied the general characteristics of the...
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Regular physical activity and exercise can improve your health and reduce your risk of developing various diseases including type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. Physical activity and exercise can have numerous immediate and chronic health benefits, such as managing weight, blood cholesterol level, blood pressure, and muscles [1]. M...
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Objective: The processing and analysis of medical rehabilitation information data in tertiary hospitals is a hot research topic. Combining medical data analysis with machine learning algorithms to improve data mining efficiency is a problem that needs to be solved at present. This paper proposes an autonomous perception model of sports medicine re...
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Knudson. Keywords are important bibliometric tools for classifying, accessing, and summarizing research. Communication in and external recognition of kinesiology research may be limited by inconsistent use of terms. Citations to the top twenty Google Scholar (GS) Citations Profiles were retrieved for 20 kinesiology-related subject keywords used as...
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Cloud computing is the result of the revolution in information technology and a massively complex computing system. As a model for business computing, cloud computing aims to facilitate resource sharing and collaborative work, meet the service needs of users, and generate revenue for cloud service providers. How to reasonably allocate cloud resourc...
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Myocardial bridging (MB) is a congenital coronary anomaly, which is defined as cardiac muscle overlying a portion of a coronary artery. Although traditionally considered benign in nature, increasing attention is being given to specific subsets of MB. Sports medicine recognizes MB as a cause of sudden death among young athletes. We present a case of...
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Delivering physical activity in cancer care requires knowledge, competence, and specific skills to adapt the exercise program to the patients’ specific needs. Kinesiology students could be one of the main stakeholders involved in the promotion of physical activity. This study aims to investigate the knowledge, perception, and competence about exerc...
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Proteome is a cell, tissue, or organism to express all the floorboard of the protein; proteomics is the study of proteomics is an emerging discipline; the research on the law of occurrence of sports fatigue and its mechanism is an important and challenging subject in the field of sports medicine. Exercise-induced fatigue refers to the physiological...
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Occupational therapists can currently enter clinical practice with either a master’s or clinical doctorate-level degree, as mandated by the American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA); however, the single vs. dual points of entry remains a topic of debate among practitioners and stakeholders. This systematic review addresses the question of wh...
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Athletes risk injury every day during practice sessions and actual games, with the majority of the affected population being young males. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2011-2014 report on sport and recreation-related injuries in the United States has consistently shown the average annual estimate of the millions of dollars spent on...
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In recent years, with the rapid development of human motion simulation technology and virtual simulation technology, natural human-computer interaction has become the main form of research in the computer industry. Due to the research capabilities and practical value of mobile video technology, it is widely used in advanced fields, such as video an...
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These days, the visual analysis of the literature (using the Web of Science as the data source) in the field of international swimming has been used to clarify the current status and patterns of research in this field. The data source of web of science provides a reference for the dynamic update of international swimming research. In this paper, we...
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Background Since the COVID-19 pandemic, the demand for online courses has increased enormously. Therefore, finding new methods to improve medical education is imperative. Objective The aim of this study was to compare the self-reports of the individual student-centered virtual teaching techniques (seminar versus fishbowl) in a group of medical stu...
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The aim of this article was to conduct a bibliometric analysis of global research trends in the field of exercise and metabolomics between 2005 and 2020. Systematic articles were obtained from the literature in the Web of Science core collection database from 2005 to 2020. The relationship between the number of publications, citations, countries, j...
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Basketball is one of the popular sports in colleges. Basketball injuries are a common thing, and the use of machine learning and other technologies can effectively reduce basketball injuries, which should start with prevention. Nonstandard basketball movements and lack of physical coordination will not only reduce sports efficiency for athletes but...