Science topic

Spirituality - Science topic

Spirituality is a sensitivity or attachment to religious values, or to things of the spirit as opposed to material or worldly interests. (from Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed, and Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd ed)
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Reading Bruce Chatwin's Songlines where he describes how the songlines work amongst the aborigines of Australia, creating a spiritual network of Australia based on individual totems and their narratives. not only do we, therefore, have religion, but also psychology, geography and its symbolism (I recently read a Muslim writer who claimed the latter for Islam) but a sense of knowledge connected to both individuals and tribes.
Does this reach back in time thereby representing a means of transmitting knowledge over a long distance but also preserving it?
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Indigenous Australians connected the song to the landscape and totem. Chadwick points out that the original Greek legends, although many came from the Middle East, are based on totems and could have begun in the same way. Early Greek poetry was connected to song, with the Greek bard a singer.
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Dear all,
A student of mine is conducting a research on the perception of cultural and religious tourism, respectively spiritual experiences. Responding to her survey would be much appreciated: https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSccbz3WMFBDzmqfyFcxZ_j6RoZ8GtTGhybkfpUqwrCgzIqUng/viewform
Any observations and comments regarding her work would also be appreciated.
Thank you!
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Done
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Need your viewpoints and suggestions In the context of the latest project.
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Yes, it is often. Very beautiful... You are creative... I wish you more development and creativity. God bless you.
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Some claim that fasting is spiritually beneficial for appeasement and atonement, among others. The question is "what are the health benefits of fasting?" Thanks for your contributions.
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Prolonged intermittent fasting is a safe and useful prophylactic measure against COVID-19 and its risk factors.
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I am starting my dissertation topic. I have rewritten a few times over the last year while I was studying. I want to study the effects of trauma that help to develop leaders. However, I want to show a path that led to the leaders, and I do not want to assume which leadership style has been most developed back a trauma effects on the person.
My thought process is looking at parental style first having leaders do a survey to provide me with which parental style the leader had in their life. Then to look at their religious/spiritual influence. Then to their education through learning theories. Their personal resiliency. Then if trauma was a part of their life. Then which leadership style they consider themselves.
*What main factors influence people to become leaders? Does parental style, religion/spirituality, education through learning theories, resiliency, and trauma play a role in becoming leaders? What type of leader does the person become if these factors play a role in their development?
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Thank you so very much. I am sharing everything with my dissertation chair as I go along. I wanted to get some valuable thoughts too. I absolutely agree that trauma comes in so many forms and each reacts differently. Thank you, Stephen and Beatrice, for sharing.
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In simple words, religiousity refers to the degree of involvement in activities that deemed to be fulfilling the religious needs. We are currently working on a theme related to religiousity (Sanathan Dharma), Spiritual Wellbeing and Improved human behaviour.
We would highly appreciate, if someone can suggest articles related to the topic, or scale measuring religiousity, spiritual wellbeing and/or improved human behaviour
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The attached De Laney spirituality scale may satisfy your needs. You may wish to standardize it as in the South African study.
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Does the Beat movement of the 1980s differ in characteristics from that of 1960s?
The beat voice has subdued in the 1980s as the major members of the movement either passed away or grew old. And there is also perhaps the change in the audience's taste in a context in which much of the countercultural practices and attitudes of the 1960s were more or less normalized; like pornography, sexual liberty, the growing recognition (and recent empowerment) of the queer community, drug-taking, attitudes to traditional religion and spirituality.
But I wonder if anyone could pinpoint stylistic or ideological evolvement in the 1980s beat movement. I'm specifically interested in Allen Ginsberg.
Thanks for sharing ideas!
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I really want to explore sathipathana suta. Should I go for pali language texts or else commentry is enough? Does sathipathana vipassana associated to metacognition, spirituality and self-awareness?
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This is how I practice Mindfulness (Satipatthana/Focusing attention):
Focusing attention on something again and again for a long time is the best way to see that thing as it is. And it’s like being mindful of something very deeply. Satipatthana (the Pali word ‘Satipaṭṭhāna’ sometimes translated as ‘the establishment of mindfulness’) Sutta (scripture) shows a way to focus attention on the body (Kāyagatā), feelings (Vedanā), mind (Chitta), and phenomena (Dhammā). And there is a process in those things that we should see called Arising, Vanishing/Ceasing, Both Arising and Vanishing/Ceasing. According to Buddhism, there are three characteristics of all existence and beings, namely impermanence (aniccā), non-self (anattā), and unsatisfactoriness or suffering (duḥkha). I tried to bring the essence of those teachings into a single meditation. If meditations are helpful for any reason, then learning and using a practical meditation is conceivably intelligent research or investigation that a person can do to learn more about it and experience the change in life. Eg (to understand and experience):
i.) Breathing is not me, not mine, nor my soul. Impermanent. Causes suffering. There is nothing as a self. May all beings 'be at ease', 'be healthy', 'be well'.
ii.) Postures are not me, not mine, nor my soul. Impermanent. Cause suffering. There is nothing as a self. May all beings 'be at ease', 'be healthy', 'be well'.
iii.) Behaviors are not me, not mine, nor my soul. Impermanent. Cause suffering. There is nothing as a self. May all beings 'be at ease', 'be healthy', 'be well'.
iv.) Obnoxiousness in the body: 32 dirty body parts are not me, not mine, nor my soul. Impermanent. Cause suffering. There is nothing as a self. May all beings 'be at ease', 'be healthy', 'be well'.
v.) Primary Elements (Dhātu): Earth (Patavi), Water (Āpo), Fire (Thejo), Air (Vāyo), Space (Ākāsa). Primary Elements are not me, not mine, nor my soul. Impermanent. Cause suffering. There is nothing as a self. May all beings 'be at ease', 'be healthy', 'be well'.
vi.) A dead body in a charnel ground that undergoes the natural stages of the decaying process while eaten by animals is not someone. It’s not me, not mine, nor my soul. Impermanent. Causes suffering. There is nothing as a self. May all beings 'be at ease', 'be healthy', 'be well'.
vii.) Sensations are not me, not mine, nor my soul. Impermanent. Cause suffering. There is nothing as a self. May all beings 'be at ease', 'be healthy', 'be well'.
viii.) Intentions are not me, not mine, nor my soul. Impermanent. Cause suffering. There is nothing as a self. May all beings 'be at ease', 'be healthy', 'be well'.
ix.) Five Hindrances (nīvaraṇa): Sensual desires (Kamachanda), Anger/ill will (Vyapada), Sloth & torpor / Depression (Thinamidda), Restlessness & Worry (Uddhaccha Kukkuccha), Doubt/suspicion (Vicikiccha). Five Hindrances are not me, not mine, nor my soul. Impermanent. Cause suffering. There is nothing as a self. May all beings 'be at ease', 'be healthy', 'be well'.
x.) The Five Aggregates Of Clinging (upādāna-skandha): Materiality or Form (Rūpa), Sensations or Feelings (Vedanā), Perceptions and/or cognitions (Sañña), Volitions or Mental Formations (Saṅkhāra), Consciousness (Viññāṇa). The Five Aggregates Of Clinging are not me, not mine, nor my soul. Impermanent. Cause suffering. There is nothing as a self. May all beings 'be at ease', 'be healthy', 'be well'.
xi.) Combinational results that arise by meeting Eye, Ear, Nose, Tongue, Body, Mind with Form, Sound, Odor or Smell, Taste, Touch and Thoughts are not me, not mine, nor my soul. Impermanent. Cause suffering. There is nothing as a self. May all beings 'be at ease', 'be healthy', 'be well'.
xii.) Seven Factors of Enlightenment (Satta Bojjhaṅgā): Mindfulness (Sati), Investigation of the nature of reality (Dhamma Vicaya), Energy/determination (Viriya), Joy or rapture (Prīti), Relaxation or tranquility (Passaddhi), Concentration/ Clear awareness (Samādhi), Equanimity (Upekkhā). Mindfully stay and see the arising, ceasing, and both arising and ceasing Seven Factors of Enlightenment. May all beings 'be at ease', 'be healthy', 'be well'.
My research: "Mathematical science and Buddhism"
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A sub-scale in Spiritual Orientation Inventory, the awareness of the tragic have a low internal consistency (.50) but found to be a predictor of PERMA.
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Thank you Ms. Madelaine Lawrence for your insights.
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I would like to conduct a field study focusing on the role of spiritual leaders in overcoming the psychological challenges faced by their community members. So, could anyone recommend any survey model for this?
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Depends on whether you'd like to conduct such survey only in one religion or in various religions.
You may like to decide which religions will be included in your research, and ask both the leaders and the subjects on their methods and the psychological challenges that they tried to resolve.
The more detailed information you can provide for each of these leaders, the better. You may like to reach out to HWPL South Korean organization that conducts interreligious discussions in over 70 countries of the world. They may like to connect you with various religious leaders who could provide you all information in your survey.
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What is the fundamental difference between philosophy and spirituality?
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Abul Basar
Quit plagiarizing !! Except for your sticking the words "With spirituality' in front of it, your entire last answer, for example, is copied and pasted from https://www.mckinsey.com/business-functions/marketing-and-sales/our-insights/getting-tangible-about-intangibles-the-future-of-growth-and-productivity , which you haven't acknowledged as your source.
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A menudo un investigador se basa en los instrumentos exteriores o en el corpus de datos generados por una cultura particular. ¿Es suficiente utilizar los criterios establecidos para reconocer y validar una publicación, conducta, sociedad , cultura o espiritualidad como buena?. Buena, entendiendose como válida, saludable a nivel universal y duradera. El dialogo constructivo es necesario para la consolidación de una realidad, pero ¿ Y si los que conforman este diálogo no tienen en sí mismos la visión correcta?. Ejemplos de ello son los grupos culturales y de investigación que no han mantenido una base etica y espiritual correcta (Eugenesias, Investigacion cruel con animales, periodos historicos violentos, etc.). ¿ Es necesario revisar el propio sistema de valores no como una base de creencias sin como guia de conducta en la praxis diaria?
Often a researcher relies on external instruments or the body of data generated by a particular culture. Is it enough to use the established criteria to recognize and validate a publication, a conduct, society, culture or spirituality as good? Good, understood as valid, healthy on a universal and lasting level. The constructive dialogue is necessary for the consolidation of a reality, but what if those who make up this dialogue do not have the right vision in themselves? Examples of this are cultural and research groups that have not maintained a correct ethical and spiritual basis (Eugenics, Cruel research with animals, violent historical periods, etc.). Is it necessary to review the value system itself not as a basis of beliefs without as a guide to behavior in daily practice?
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1) Hay que aclarar primero si es una cuestión a dilucidar "históricamente" (desde un punto de vista diacrónico) o bien -digamos que por el contrario- a dilucidar "actualmente" (desde un punto de vista sincrónico). Porque como se mezclen ambos puntos de vista puedes llegar a callejones sin salida o a preguntas que provoquen respuestas que lleven al absurdo.
2) Si es diacrónicamente: hay que ver qué puntos de lo social se admitían en cada momento (por ejemplo: el esclavismo, que duró siglos) y cómo se veían influidas las espiritualidades en momentos diferentes respecto de esos puntos (por ejemplo: en el cristianismo, hay respuesta desde los primeros años -siglo I- hasta el final del esclavismo, pero no siempre coherentes entre sí) y si, más allá de esos puntos concretos, se puede 'salvar' (puede ser buena) esa espiritualidad o no.
3) Si es sincrónicamente: una vez alcanzado el conocimiento actual, habiendo conquistado los derechos humanos, en una sociedad globalizada, etc., etc., la respuesta toma otro cariz más global y globalizador, que va de lo concreto y particular (de cada espiritualidad) a lo general y colectivo (en relación unas con otras espiritualidades): de modo que se podría hablar de 'pautas' para distinguir entre lo bueno y lo malo en las diversas espiritualidades.
4) Yo me decantaría por una pregunta de tipo sincrónico, con sus múltiples posibles respuestas (yo daría una al respecto); para, una vez teniendo claro lo que 'hoy' entendemos por bueno o malo (respecto de una espiritualidad), poder analizar -en el plano diacrónico- los diversos momentos por los que la humanidad ha ido atravesando y cómo las diversas espiritualidades han ido respondiendo en cada caso (a veces, de múltiples y contrapuestas maneras).
Con todo, es muy buena pregunta. Porque el mundo futuro será espiritual o no será. Y no soy yo quien lo dice...
Muchas gracias por invitarnos a la reflexión profunda. Hace falta.
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Groundwater is best described as an open-access good: as a common pool resource others cannot be excluded from using and as a finite resource, its consumption leaves less for others to enjoy. In addition to its obvious benefits to humans and animals, it contributes in sustaining the hydro-environment and life on the planet. Scarcity causes groundwater to become an economic good and have an economic value. How we obtain Total Economic Value of springs that have spiritual aspect to certain communities?
Best Regards,
Amrita
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As you say, groundwater is one of those "ownerless resources" that is exploited typically without protection. These are the sorts of resources that the powerful utilize to the detriment of the powerless. Hence, the widow and the orphan are the first to feel the impact of environmental irresponsibility. I speak of this reality in my book The Stewards of Eden: What the Scripture Says About Environmentalism and Why it Matters (IVP 2020)--the reality of this imbalance in modern and ancient economies and the scriptural call to the people of God to care.
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We know that entropy is associated with every matter. Can it be associated with the expansion of the universe too? Is there any spiritual angle associated with the entropy and universe expansion?
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Note: one would say that Hubble recorded or measured that stars are moving away from us at about 70Km /sec as a proof of universe metric expansion, and the answer to that is that what was measured is not an expansion but a mathematically incorrectly setting of our coordinates of inertial system of universe,
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I am interested in the topic of spirituality both from a western and an eastern perspective. The topic is of significant interest in recent times in the field of business and to what extent it could be linked to organisational level KPIs. Extracting dimensions and constructs of spirituality from reliable scales is of interest to me.
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Please refer 'Workplace spirituality and employee engagement' article by
Alan M. Saks
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Hello,
I wonder if you would be kind enough to help me. I’m a second year Occupational Therapy student and i’m currently writing my dissertation proposal. I want to do a qualitative student on ‘OT students perceptions of spirituality in practice‘. What is their understanding of the term? Do they think it relevant to OT?Have they supported individuals with this aspect of their well being during their placements? Do they feel confident and well prepared to meet these needs? I’m a little unsure about methodology and data analysis. Would the phenomenological approach be best? Would Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) work with data from a focus group. I have read that IPA is not the norm for focus group data but that some see merit to this approach. I’m new to the world of research but very keen and excited to learn more. Thank you!
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Hi there,
I used IPA for my OT thesis as well. One thing to be aware of within the data analysis process is the requirement to analyze both within and across participants. With IPA it is really necessary to view each data set independently from others as you will bracket the information from previous data sets within your analysis of the next. You'll want to be sure that this adherence can be maintained within a focus group. I'll echo David - the Smith et al text is very helpful to a researcher new to IPA and I believe they do have a section within the text about different methods of data collection & interview styles. I wish you luck - congratulations on the progress you've made to becoming an OT; the finish line is in sight!
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Mysticism is often treated as the opposite of science. But is it? Please see
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Yes, it does: in fact, current biomedical technology has made it possible to visualize brain images when a subject is in a mystical trance or meditation ("Definition, Philosophical and Scientific Bases of Mysticism", by Raúl León Barúa
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20453/ah.v57i0.2796), it has even been related to Quantum Physics ("Quantum physics and mysticism not ensino de ciências", by TR Rocha, TM de Carvalho, CM Felício - Research, Society and Developmen, 2020 - rsdjournal.org-DOI: https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i12.11131)
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The discipline is associated with the transcendent meaning of spirtituality as opposed to religion and theology. I query the construct validity of the CASP tool..
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You should try The Spiritual Distress Assessment Tool. I hope it helps in your search. Good luck
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Hi,
I am looking for a scale to determine if participants are more prone to accept scientific or 'transcendental explanations to alternative therapies. My hypothesis is that if expectancies/beliefs and explanations provided are coherent, the alternative therapy will have a bigger effect.
Is there any validated tool to measure a similar construct? I am thinking about some scale containing items like 'science cannot explain everything', 'if a therapy is not scientifically tested, it should not be used', or 'some phenomena are beyond our understanding'.
Thanks!
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Maybe it's not 100% what you're looking for - but i think the 10-item Belief in Science Scale by Farias et al., 2013 is really close to what you're trying to measure ( ).
It measures the extent to which people believe in the superiority of science and the extent to which people believe science is an important and valuable social institution (Some items sound like the one you were talking in your question: “Science provides us with a better understanding of the universe than does religion”).
Maybe you can check out all of the "Bullshit receptivity" stream of research as well (e.g. "On the reception and detection of pseudo-profound bullshit, by Pennycook et al. 2015" - http://journal.sjdm.org/15/15923a/jdm15923a.pdf ).
There's a nice debate around religiosity, spirituality and receptivity to pseudo-profound claims, we talk about it in our working paper ( )
Hope it's useful!
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Hello!
I'm a Ph.D. student in management at the University of Beira Interior, Portugal.
I seek to understand the relationship between Knowledge Management and Organizational Spirituality in the development of Organizational Wisdom.
This survey is part of my thesis.
I invite you to answer it - https://forms.gle/irkaDCszu6Dzxf2HA
Thank you very much for your support!
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I have recently asked a similar question related to the knowledge management and expertise development in SMEs and would like to hear your thoughts -
Kind regards,
Biljana
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  1. What actions can the below stakeholders take to influence research and education to achieve the Great Transition?
  2. What actions can the below stakeholders take to influence policy changes to achieve the Great Transition?
  3. What actions can the below stakeholders take to influence the private sector to achieve the Great Transition?
  4. What actions can the below stakeholders take to influence the public to achieve the Great Transition?
In your answers, please be specific to which stakeholders you are referring to.
The list of stakeholders include:
  1. Agriculture Sector
  2. Artists, Poets, Writers, Musicians
  3. Businesses
  4. Economists
  5. Funders
  6. Governments
  7. Health Practitioners
  8. Health Sector
  9. International Organizations
  10. Jurist and Lawmakers
  11. Media
  12. Researchers
  13. Spiritual leaders of all faiths
  14. Technology Professionals
  15. Universities and other Educational Institutions
  16. Youth representatives
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Although it is the responsibility of everyone of use, we are unfortunately not at the same level of understanding across the cross section. It is in this regard that researchers are an edge better than normal humans. There are many aspects that the common persons do not understand and that is the reason why we need educationists to educate them on the implications in terms that they could understand easily. At the same time, researchers could find solutions to many new issues that crop up during the course due to many reasons. This is evident by the current younger generation who understand environment much better than we (senior citizens) at that age.
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Hi
There are many approaches to "spirituality". But who is the one who has dealt with the subject of "spiritual theory"?
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Spirituality is "an experience of becoming" So, its theories suffer from reduction conceptualy, epistemologically, and methodologically.
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On the one hand, the concept of "animation" emphasizes the spiritual aspect of the relationship among the subjects of the pedagogical process, and on the other - involves active cognitive activity of humanistic, cultural and health orientation.
Thank you!
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The twelve principles of animation should be basic knowledge for everyone. They were introduced by the Disney animators Ollie Johnston and Frank Thomas in the book The Illusion of Life: Disney Animation published in 1981. These principles are the outcome of Disney animators’ work from the 1930s onwards. They were created to help reflect real life and the basic laws of physics in animations, but also to resolve abstract issues like character appeal. The 12 principles of animation are perfect for both frame-by-frame animation and motion design.
The 12 principles are:
Squash and stretch
Anticipation
Staging
Straight Ahead Action and Pose-to-Pose
Follow Through and Overlapping Action
Slow in and Slow Out (Ease In, Ease Out)
Arcs
Secondary Action
Timing
Exaggeration
Solid Drawing
Appeal. Kindly check the following link:
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Hello everyone, Sometimes we feel confused when we want to focus on measuring or assessing someone's experience, because someone's experience has a very broad scope, both morally and spiritually. Can anyone provide input, how to find indicators to measure someone's spiritual experience ?? maybe some of you have done this process? thank you and always healthy ..
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Well, in order to measure something you should define it operationally. Regarding personal experience you should make it clear what you mean by that phrase and provide operational definition.
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When studying death attitudes via DAP-R in young adults, I would like to measure spirituality and religiosity. Which scale will be most appropriate (preferably one with less than 20 items).
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Want to know experts opinions.
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Yes, of course. Among other reasons, spirituality brings with it a way out of oneself, towards the Other and others.
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I’m a student of philosophy and religious studies. I’m also someone who practices mindfulness techniques to deal with stress and the effects of some permanent physical injuries. I’ve been impressed by how mindfulness has improved my life, and I’m interested in learning more about its history, how it works, and how it affects others. As part of a research project, I’m asking mindfulness practitioners some basic questions about their relationship with mindfulness to better understand how people use, understand, and benefit from their practice.
If you’re interested in participating, please complete my short survey and feel free to pass it along to others. It only takes about 3 minutes since it consists of just 3 demographics questions and 4 questions about mindfulness. It is 100% anonymous and will not ask for any contact information. The survey closes at 5PM EST on April 2nd, 2021.
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This is really interesting, important and good questions for researchers consumption.
Keep it up !
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For pursuing Post Doctoral, from a good university, in Spirituality, Teachings of Adi Shankaracharya and Management, please share relevant information. Thank you.
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interested in discussing
wish you all the best
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Will such interpretations in the form of sermon beneficial/harmful for local communities?
Will such interpretations check/accelerate the spread of the virus in local communities?
Does it require an inter-religious dialogue among those spiritual leaders to come out with a new perspective to fight against the pandemic COVID1?
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Hello,
My name is Thaise and I am doctorate student at the Federal University of Bahia. I'm working with neuroscience and Altered State of Consciusness (ASC). I am looking for an EEG data set recorded with participants during ASC or in trance (mediumship), or having spiritual experience, speaking with spirits and / or in disorder of consciousness.
Can someone help me, please?
Thanks,
Thaise Toutain
Federal University of Bahia
Institute of Health Sciences
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Yes Rolando García-Martínez , is a very interesting area and we haven't much people studying it. Thank you for you contact.
Best regards,
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I really need some help to find a short questionnaire (25 questions roughly) to measure spirituality/religiosity. I have been looking online but can't find the full questionnaires anywhere. They are only mentioned in the articles which have used them but I can't seem to access any? Please help. This is for my 3rd year bachelor dissertation. I am measuring spirituality & altruism in drug rehabilitation centers. Thank you.
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This paper might be useful for you:
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  • Awareness towards use of hidden "Spiritual intelligence" is need of the hour.
  • Required the best dimensions to frame items accordingly.
  • Need some good tools to assess Spiritual Intelligence.
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There is a model revealed by Avatar Adi Da Samraj called The Seven Stages of Life. Here is a reference:
Adi Da and Adidam: The Seven Stages of Life (www.adidaupclose.org)
There is also a book by that name, sold through the Dawn Horse Press.
Blessings!
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I'm thinking of ways in which the ego needs to develop and strengthen in order for one to develop independence from parents, addictions, abuse, unhealthy traditions, etc.  But then, I also see value in a further development in which one weakens and denies the ego in order to become less narcissistic and more empathetic. 
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Human ego is about our desires. If we learn to balance our human desires, we can become masters of our ego. This practice, in turn, reduces suffering (pain) and increases well-being (joy). The process itself seems to be decided by setting (resetting) value priorities in life, which can start every moment in the now.
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The most typical approach of architectural history towards sacred buildings is the one of the history of art. It shows the relations of the case with its contemporaries and the general formal development. It actually avoids direct discussion of the usability of the place in the terms of something like "spiritual function" of sacred architecture. Are there any tries to bridge this gap between architecture and spiritual theology or psychology?
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mediating variables in the relationship between spirituality and PTG
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interesting
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From the history of philosophy we know that many philosophers have always examined life from three aspects: physical, mental and spiritual. Almost all of them have agreed not only about the existence of this trinity, but also about their equivalence. They have also agreed that if people learn to balance these parts of human nature, they will better understand the world in which they live, they will be more complete as human beings and their life will become much more fulfilled and content. Do you think that this balance could become even more disturbed during the current pandemic and in the post-pandemic world of tomorrow?
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Any balance is difficult to achieve when people today inhabit a one-dimensional world created by profit and the rules of the digital era. As people become more involved in this unending race for money and profit, they have less time to think. Instead of searching for answers to fundamental questions such as, where we are and where we are going, we uncritically accept the information that is being continuously and aggressively provided by a wide range of channels. A prime example of this is the huge quantity of, often contradictory, facts, advice and opinions we are confronted with about the source, trajectory, solutions and consequences of the current pandemic. Such an aggressive and continuous attack on the brain and common sense often leads people to become more and more unable to differentiate the truth from mere propaganda. The consequences of such a state are disastrous to the human mind and its multi-dimensional being. In such an environment, it is increasingly difficult for people to recognize real values, real truth and the right direction to go.
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The idea of believing in the existence of God comes from the idea that you have existence not only within the boundaries of the material world, but also you have another existence in the spiritual world, which is the spirit world.
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The problem is not whether someone believes in God or not but the way some barbaric systems force this belief through pain and terror. Why can't we be civilised and discuss the notion of God without forcing others to believe in our own beliefs?
In Saudi Arabia and Kuwait for example, you are likely to be sentenced to prison for 10 years just for stating your opinion on the way you believe in God. This is ridiculous and is most likely to backfire and make people even more repulsive towards God. Until we provide people with a safe environment to speak freely, there is no point in discussing God or religion because the wrong answer could get you killed.
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I try to understand practice and understanding of spirituality within the climate movement. How do values of a (left-wing) political resistance culture of direct action come together with spirituality? What characterizes this spirituality that leads to radical ecological activism?
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Don't have an answer. However, I can give your 4 biblical versus to provoke thought to answers using Earth, Space, Air, and Time:
1. Man dominion and control of the earth and its use - Gen 1:27  So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them. 
Gen 1:28  And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth. 
Gen 1:29  And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat. 
Gen 1:30  And to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to every thing that creepeth upon the earth, wherein there is life, I have given every green herb for meat: and it was so.
2. God's astrological creations in space in governance of the times of Man - Gen 1:14  And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years: 
Gen 1:15  And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so. 
Gen 1:16  And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also. 
Gen 1:17  And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth, 
Gen 1:18  And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good.
3. God use of the Sun for Judgement, Righteousness and Healing - Mal 4:1  For, behold, the day cometh, that shall burn as an oven; and all the proud, yea, and all that do wickedly, shall be stubble: and the day that cometh shall burn them up, saith the LORD of hosts, that it shall leave them neither root nor branch. 
Mal 4:2  But unto you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings; and ye shall go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall. 
4. Devil/Demonic power of the air which is in the middle of earth and space - Eph 2:1  And you hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins; 
Eph 2:2  Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience: 
Eph 2:3  Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others. 
Earth, Space, Air, and Time are all factors of climatic activity. Earth is man's dominion to subdue, Air is used by evil to influence man's disobedience to God's plan for man's dominion/control/conservation of earth, and Space has signs of God's governance of man using time and signs of times on earth (a time to plant a time to reap). Specific is God's use of drought famine throughout the bible. These things are the spiritual interactions between God and man using climate activity or movement.
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I am preparing a Webinar on whole-child and formative education.
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Check out Dr. Dwight Hopkins works on black liberation theology, Dr. James Cone works on black liberation theology, Dr. Claud Anderson's Power Economics, and my thesis on African theology and its influence on revealed religions and Christianity for base inputs.
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I'm not an empiricist. How do I create a project and gather information from that project, to demonstrate the validity of my hypothesis? My problem is how to take well-written empirical research, from my literature review, forward into application, as a musician not a scientist.
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So much depends on your department. Mine, for example (Secondary Education), does almost exclusively qualitative and theoretical work, whereas another department in my faculty (Educational Psychology) does mostly quantitative work (and a few do mixed methods). Whatever research paradigm and method you use, just make sure that someone in your department can help you design your study (a supervisor or committee member). Sometimes I have a graduate student who wants to use a methodology that I'm unfamiliar with, in which case I have a colleague help them out so that the student is adequately supported. :)
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Does Clapping with spiritual music impacts the happiness and well-being ?
because-
@When we clapping- it relieves stress and depression
@when a child claps or we clap in front of him , he demonstrates happiness and laughs.
@when we sing and clapp a birthday song, it spreads happiness , isnt it ?
what is you answer to it ?
please do write.
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Yes, clapping to music involves us and we become part of the music. We can benefit from the positive effects of this kind of solidarity (e.g, togetherness, excitement, being in sync with one another, etc.).
If the music is upbeat, we'll feel the same because we and the music have become one.
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For my dissertation (PhD) I am looking for something that does not require statistics per se. I am thinking of using a Case Study method. Can I use this for analyzing a group (Christian Counselors) who employ spiritual gifts and supernatural discernment in their practices? I am hoping to study how it is done for the purpose of creating a new approach for counselling. Thank you!
Any info on how this is done would be helpful even if only a link. Any other methods suggested also welcome.
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Here are the basics of writing a Case Study. The purpose of a case study is to walk the reader through a situation where a problem is presented, background information provided, and a description of the solution given, along with how it was derived. A case study can be written to encourage the reader to come up with his or her own solution or to review the solution that was already implemented. The goal of the writer is to give the reader experiences similar to those the writer had as he or she researched the situation presented.
Several steps must be taken before actually writing anything:
  1. Choose the situation on which to write.
  2. Gather as much information as possible about the situation.
  3. Analyze all of the elements surrounding the situation
  4. Determine the final solution implemented
  5. Gather information about why the solution worked or did not work
From these steps, you will create the content of your case study.
(This was taken from resilienteducator.com)
I did a case study for Liberty one time. I am going to see if I can upload it for you so you can look at it. The title of the case was "Crossroads". It is a true story. A young teenager was driving fast on the freeway and hit two cars. One of the cars exploded and killed all the passengers: a mother and her daughter. It was a sad incident. The driver didn't stop he kept going. It was a hit and run case. I had to develop a counseling approach to the surviving family. I had to choose one person from the family and counsel them. It just so happened that the family was saved. It was very sad you can't help but to cry when you see the movie. A movie was made about the incident. The teenager is a grown man now and he is traveling around doing a workshop at high school about the dangers of drag racing in the street. That was his punishment that the family agreed to. He did not go to jail. He was only a kid. You can find some of his workshops he has done on youtube.
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Even after studying some literature I am still confused about the difference between religiosity and religiousness. Is it true that religiousness has something in common with spirituality? can anyone please comment?
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Jumal Ahmad Some answers to this related question previously asked on RG might be helpful to you:
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Right now I'm working in a paper about religiosity, spirituality and environmental attitude, but i want do a comparison between religious and non-religious people, and I want to know if this non-religions people is or not spiritual. That is the reason because I need a scale that work whit religious and non-religious person.
Thanks for you help
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Hope this article will be useful for you.
Iddagoda, Y.A. and Opatha, H.H.D.N.P., 2017. Religiosity: Towards A Conceptualization and An Operationalization. Sri Lankan Journal of Human Resource Management.
Iddagoda and Opatha (2017) wrote:
Categories of Religiosity
The researchers define five categories of religiosity, namely, very high religiosity, high religiosity, moderate religiosity, low religiosity and very low religiosity.
Very high religiosity: People in this category participate excessively in religious activities. Their belief in a religion is very high. Also, they have a very positive feeling and respect for religious personages (monks, priests, sadhus, etc.). They follow customary religious ceremonies on important occasions in their lives. In the case of Sri Lankan Buddhists this is similar to holding an alms giving on important occasions, such as the building of a new house, on a child’s first birthday, prior to a marriage and on the death anniversary of a loved one. They also go to religious shrines regularly, not only on days of religious significance but on other days as well.
High religiosity: Participation in religious activities is at a high level. Their belief in a religion is high, but less than in the very high category. They go to religious shrines only on the days which have a religious significance. For instance, a Buddhist goes to temple only on full moon Poya days. A Christian goes to church on Sundays.
Moderate religiosity: They believe in a religion in a moderate level. Therefore participation in religious activities of these people is moderate. They go to the religious shrines only on the days which have a higher religious significance. For instance a Christian who does not go to the church on every Sunday may go to the church only for Easter, Good Friday or Christmas. A Buddhist who does not go to the temple on every full moon Poya day goes to the temple only on Vesak Poya day (the most important full moon Poya day which commemorates the birth, enlightenment and death of The Buddha).
Low religiosity: Participation in religious activities is at a low level since their belief in a religion is low. They rarely go to religious places. They attend religious ceremonies as a commitment. For instance, they just go to an all-night pirith chanting ceremony in their neighborhood because they must go; in other words, due to commitment. (Pirith chanting is an ancient practice. Discourses of the Buddha are recited at all-night pirith ceremonies).
Very low religiosity: Their belief in a religion is at a very low level. They would say, I have no religion and I’m an agnostic.”
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COVID-19 is already accentuating interesting religious phenomena. Churches closing, beliefs regarding healing, trust in science are the kinds of issues we might ask regarding the relationship between religion and COVID-19. I'd be glad for your suggestions of the topics, questions, themes, and issues sociologists of religion should be anticipating. What are the most productive social scientific research questions to ask? What might social scientists anticipate? What data can we take advantage of that already exists? and What data should social scientists look to collect?
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I'll be interested to see how quickly congregations resume public gatherings and to what extent they are offering aid to those in need.
And I'll be interested to see how the crisis seems to influence overall levels of religious belief, practice and identity.
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I am interested to figure out the the role of spirituality for entrepreneurial failure based on quantitative survey research. Thus, is there any developed scale to measure entrepreneurial failure or fear of failure.
Or
Could I can use "entrepreneurs perception of success" scale and revert the question into negative statements to capture "entrepreneurs perception of failure?
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Roberto - Minadeo , Actually their are two major constructs in my conceptual framework. One is spiritual believes (which already have established inventory to measure) and other will be entrepreneurial failure (which must be from entrepreneurs point of view). In this regards, I am looking for any established scale that can capture perceived failure or even perceived entrepreneurial success ( I will revert it).
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Could it be a function of environmental factors, genetic factors or spiritual factors? Or is there a separate, less fatal Covid19 strain in Africa?
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Population density is an important factor. As Faith Bays suggests, the urban environment is packed with people in crowded elevators, buses, city streets, packed restaurants, university lecture halls, auditoriums, and classrooms, and athletic events and spectator sports accommodating 50,000 to 75,000 people in close proximity to one another. In striking contrast, African countries enjoy tribal, village, community, town, and provincial lifestyles, where people can relax and not be packed together in vehicles, factories, skyscrapers, stadiums, and so forth. Nigeria is the most populated nation in Africa with about 178 million inhabitants; therefore, it is not surprising that the COVID-19 virus is claiming the most infections there, but only 115 so far. Senegal has 17 million with 142 cases including 27 recoveries, Ethiopia 115 million, with only 19 cases, 1 recovery.
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The answers should consist of personal experiences, indigenous meanings. Please avoid giving bookish definition.
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Spirituality: It is generally the sensing force of the soul that is inherent in the body and contains energies through which its bearer communicates with the external world with what the natural person cannot communicate with, and this sensing force is divided into several sections (insight, hearing and cardiac feeling) and there are some people who call Spirituality is the state of communication with the other world, not from the internal premise that the owner of spirituality holds, but they refer to what they receive from the outside world. Hence it is observed that it is the energy of the inner spirit, as spirituality has to do with the same inner spirit and what it contains from the sensing sections, which are the tools for communicating with the external world, so it is then determining the characteristic of the recipient and the person's sense of what is behind the blocking and capabilities in the sensory implementation of the other world. And when we say that this person has (spirituality), that is, his ability to communicate and the power of insight and receive information beyond blocking, spirituality is only for people who have enlightened spiritual energies, which are essentially a blessing from God to pay off and guide God’s friends (PBUH). We may ask why the non-loyal person possesses some spirituality or has the ability to use its various tools. The answer is that the truth of the soul has a purity that allows it to use the tools of communication with the other world, but the environment in which the individual lives affects the soul and distorts him many facts because of what the environment added to him In which he lives and the false religions or beliefs that arose on him, and if this person is found in a suitable environment, the facts of his soul develop and strongly feel what is behind the blocking. On the other hand, spirituality is a close adjective to the truth of the purity of the soul, which is its fertile soil, and it is the opposite of all evil in the inner spirit, which cannot grow alongside sensors beyond blocking, so we see that some people are charged with communicating with the other world to obtain answers to cases that need treatment, because Their souls did not reach a level sufficient to enable them to use one of the spiritual tools. They need a spiritual development program in order to be able to use the tools automatically and without cost.
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We would be interested in considering publishing something along these lines in SOPHIA. Are you are of Robert C Solomon's work on Secular Spirituality? His wife Kathleen Higgins also wrote a commentary along with two others on Solomon's thoughts in Sophia (journal) and the first volume in the Sophia book series with Springer (I edit the series). see here:
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No worries; it is the same here with 'Gimmi shelter in place' edict. I find a bit more time at hand saved from travelling to work and meetings. But yes, a host of issues, ethical and moral, and in the case of the US, political and medical, also arise in the context of this epidemic.
Maybe not a new work, but some indication of what you argued for in the The Secular Sacred would be interesting, and if you can connect that to Solomon's work; Higgins ' is more a commentary on Solomon.
I have uploaded the relevant chapters (not sure if they come directly to yuo or stay in Research Gate). The chapterwise ToC is here:Passion, Death, and Spirituality: The Philosophy of Robert C. Solomon (Sophia Studies in Cross-cultural Philosophy of Traditions and Cultures) 2012th Edition
Also, in due course, a paper from your current work will be an esteemed contribution; Garfield tends to combine at least three of the nibs from your four quite comfortably and I ma partial to the fourth one (psychotherapy) as well (we both had the same Buddhist psychotherapist friend by the way for different reasons!) Right now, a cocktail is out int he bar is out of reach, so an academic cocktail could be a welcome divergence!!
With very best for your work and health also, Purushottama
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Hello, Mr. Oken! I am a professor at Universidade Federal da Paraíba - Brazil, specializing in spirituality and health, and I am beginning to research in the field of physical healing through spiritual or mental intervention. Your Project research sounds very interesting; do you or your team recommend a research group of your acquantaince for me to contact and share knowledge, results, or even projects? Thank you in advance!
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De nada! 🇧🇷
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I need to conduct a pilot study for my phd thesis questionnaire on workplace spirituality (dependent variable), personality, emotional intelligence and ocb (independent variables) along with demographic profile. I seek experts who can review my questionnaire and advice me with their comments and opinions. Can some experts help me in this regard?
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Would be happy to provide input. By all means send what you have and I'll have a look to provide suggestions from my experience in these domains. Good luck!
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Hi,
I would like to ask if there is an instrument develop to assess Muslim spirituality among sample age from 12-19 ?
Thank you so much.
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Thank you so much.
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magick =witchcraft +any spiritual activity
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I would not say that they are unknown any more than the laws of any discipline are unknown. For most people who are not in a specific discipline the laws of that specific discipline are unknown, but anyone who has put forth the effort will know many if not most of them. Now in magick, the actual laws are better concealed than in many disciplines, but they can be known. In some cases the actual laws though are buried under what is actually meaningless ritual.
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Thus far, these subjects seem to have been largely ignored and dismissed within management studies, yet influence many organisations. To what extent has this been due to skepticism and taboos, and what other factors have resulted in this absence of such alternative domains? How could these themes be incorporated, and what value could this add to our understanding of organisations?
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There are direct connections between management and all layers of spiritualism, esoterism, religious movements etc... These exist within organizational management and scientific discovery of which I'm an expert. My entire life has been dedicated to these topics through applying science and management within the ultra-dimensionality of anti egocentric realities. Philosophically the management of these principles have been explored throughout time by philosophers, and scientists alike.
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The validated scale has been developed for Workplace Spirituality by Ashmos and Duchon in 2000. Is someone familiar to other validated scales and how to choose among various given scales?
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There are many in the literature, as part of my study I validated that of Petchsawang and Duchon, 2009.
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Which statistical analysis method and hypothesis I should use for given details?
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I have used multiple regression model and predicted combined effect of two independent variables.
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I am trying to develop a spiritual assessment for for use in my role as a pediatric palliative/hospice chaplain. I have not been able to find one that I could use to get ideas. I have my own ideas, but wanted to see what others are doing.
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I did a presentation on Health and Spirituality (including spiritual assessment) to Pediatric Integrative Medicine Rounds at the Edmonton Clinic Health Academy at University of Alberta Hospitals a while ago.
Here is the URL for my power point presentation.
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Hi all, I am constructing a scale to measure servant leadership, one of the dimensions of this scale is "spirituality",
can anyone suggest me any model or some literature based on which I can write down the items of spirituality dimension.
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Adya Mishra, ma'am the full text is now available here in researchgate. you can download it now. Thanks!
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I want to know how spirtuality control the biological pathway involved in immune function.
would it be possible to refrence some articles about this subject?
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Kindly go through this useful PDF attachment.
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Few Days ago during International Yoga Day (21st June) some of the news channels came with the debate whether one should practice Surya Namaskar or not? The question is relation to the answer of that debate whether Surya Namaskar is related to any religion or it has some scientific bases?
Surya Namaskar is the combination of 12 Yoga postures. Several articles emphasize  that it is useful for physical fitness and hormonal balance. 
Is there any scientific study over it which proves the statement?
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Surya namaskara helps reducing body weight in obese persons.
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There is a famous quotation of Thomas Szasz, a psychiatrist:
" If you talk to God, you are praying; If God talks to you, you have schizophrenia. If the dead talk to you, you are a spiritualist; If you talk to the dead,you are a schizophrenic."
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Science and meta-physics do not mix well. Science aims to explain the natural world, metaphysics the spiritual world. This is why Science cannot confirm/deny the existence of God. It takes belief to accept God. However, the reality of science also speaks of free will, since God does not force himself on anyone. If you believe then you can communicate and God can communicate to you. In conclusion, Science plays a valuable role, but so does metaphysics.
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Is there any person who succeeds professionally, personally and spiritually? Is it possible to balance these three together?
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Personhood is best realized in harmonious interpersonal relationships. A person who knows who he is (personally) and what he is called to (purposively) and actively responds to this calling (professionally) with ethical integrity is on the path of spiritual success. Key to this is the realization that life is not haphazard, values are not arbitrary, and people are not mere objects but are persons.
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process of learning through sensing, internalising personalising,
Similar to Spirituality;
more meaningful than simple meaning ?
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Interesting question! Following answers.
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Workplace spirituality is required in every sector whether I.T, healthcare, education, insurance. Which is the most appropriate sector for study of spiritual workplaces?
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Jacinto Jesús Rodríguez Pérez
, I certainly can related to the strangeness Jacinto I'd love to hear more as you interact with others and share space with others. There is a move towards mindfulness, being in the present moment with others, listening to understand, meditation and being present with ourselves hearing our own body, mind and soul. What ever you sense and have explored with yourself is what you can share and experience with others. Happy exploration.
Blessings from Mid-west Indianapolis, IN USA
Thomas
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How to approach a deep reading of Pasolini? How the semantic levels of texts of hermetic & mystical tradition could be used here? Is higher spirituality/higher consciousness/modern and post-modern spirituality/mysticism/metaphysics/mythology an important key to a more appropriate and more insightful reading of oeuvre of Pasolini?
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I am sorry, I do not get clearly how your response should be aligned with the question strictly related to the oeuvre of Pier Paolo Pasolini, that is the mainpoint and not the question of gnosis/ortodoxy/heterodoxy/christianity/any other kind of spirituality if not related to Pier Paolo Pasolini. Maybe I just did not understand your point, could you please kindly rephrase or comment on your answer? Thank you.
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I am conducting a study on the relationship between authenticty and a Christian tradition of spirituality. ¡We may exchange views some time!
I did not see Klenke among your references, I found was a good author on the relationship between authenticy and spirituality in leadership. Thought that if so, you may want to take a look at it.
Klenke, K. (2005). The internal theater of the authentic leader: Integrating cognitive, affective, conative and spiritual facets of authentic leadership. In F. O. Walumbwa, B. J. Avolio, W. L. Gardner, & U. of Nebraska (Eds.), Authentic Leadership Theory and Practice: Origins, Effects and Development. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Emerald Book
Klenke, K. (2007). Authentic leadership: A self, leader, and spiritual identity perspective. International Journal of Leadership Studies, 3(1), 68–97. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.leaqua.2007.03.003
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اشاطركم الرأي
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I have a student interested in comparing different fields' definitions of spirituality and/or approaches to defining spirituality. She's hoping to incorporate a "philosophy" perspective. Broad topic, obviously, but any suggestions for a representative article?
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Dear David,
In the ancient world , according to Pierre Hadot, philosophy was a essentially a spiritual practice. It was a cultural therapeutic practice. See What is ancient philosophy? by Pierre Hadot.
''When philosophy was reborn in the Christian world, or had gone through the Islamic world, it had been separated off from therapeutic and spiritual concerns, which were carefully guarded by religious authorities in both traditions. And after philosophy threw off religion in early modern period, in many senses it seemed to shy away from the need to deal with these issues. Psychoanalysis emerged as a separate discipline, likely symptomatically in response to this. Marxism in it’s own way as well can be seen as a secular, social therapeutics. Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, Dostoevsky, Sartre, Levinas, these thinkers tried to deal with these issues. But these concerns still remain distant from mainstream philosophy.
Is it possible to imagine philosophy as an attempt to guide life as lived praxis again? ''
Answering you question in term of a modern philosophical mindset that have forgot what philosophy was, so much so that it is so amnesic that it can even ask the question of what spirituality is without even remembering it was philosophy.
Regards.
- Louis
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I'm researching about side effects of meditation and another spiritual practices (like reiki). Sometimes call me patients with these kinds of problems: emptiness, kundalini emergence, dark night of the soul, anxiety crisis or depression symptoms after a meditation retreat, etc.
For these reasons I write this article:
But there are not many works in this way, and less about treatment of these patients. Do you know about it?
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Thank you for your question and also your interesting paper which is well researched. Yes I do have experience with side effects of meditation - both from teaching a method of meditation known as Arka Dhyana (Intuitive Meditation) (this method has certain similarities with Prayer of the Heart) and as a cranio sacral therapist where I some times attend people with crisis often arising from unexpected spiritual awaking.
What I missed in your article (and maybe in many articles on meditation), is a real understanding regarding the goals of meditation - however one answers this, will in the end direct the energies. It would have been an interesting question (goal of each individual) to have included in your survey. I have researched the method I teach - and have two articles on it and my thesis. You can see them on RG. As the method I teach is involved with knowing one's true essence or Self, anything that impedes this has to come to the light. This is well known in Indian spirituality. The first sheath around the physical body one will access, is the emotional body. And with a quick glance at your research I would like to suggest that many of the participants seem to be stuck here.- even negation of emotions is, in my humble opinion, is not to be fully open to the deeper Self.
To be truly spiritual, one has to be emotional - but to get to the true emotions one has to go through all the dross of the surface layers. This, I warn my students, is not easy. But having been through that layer myself, in my courses I often act not only as a meditation teacher, but as a therapist. Most feel this really helps them. The IM method involves certain level (the Six Man levels of Consciousness - Srinivas Arka 2013). The journey is from the thinking mind to the emotional heart to Pure Consciousness. Once the pupil has gone through the emotional sheath, the rest of the sheaths are much easier. (at least that has been my finding to date, with still more of the journey to unfold.) Also in Intuitive Meditation it is not about the death of the ego (maybe related to Buddhist practices) but to humbling the ego.(except in the experience of Cosmic or Christ consciousness there is no ego, but this vision is Grace - not brought about by the "desire" of the practitioner nor the practice in itself)
In my research I was careful not to put all methods into the same basket as they differ in many fundamental ways!
If you would like more information, please contact me - I also live in Spain.
Warm regards Tina
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Can someone guide me towards some theories that explain the influence of spirituality on individual human behavior?
And give your views on the influence of spirituality on the reflective attitude and the influence of spirituality on moral values?
Thank you.
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Dear Karl Pfeifer,
You can find the details at the below link
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Human beings are astonished in the face of the digital teddy wave in the modern Trans-modern era, and the concern is that the spirituality of societies will be transformed from within and endangered by dangers.
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Spirituality will actually increase, because the digital world is essentially an immaterial world, similar to spirituality in this character
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Some organisations has implemented this as a means towards boosting good morale.
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Petchsawang & McLean (2017) wrote:
The level of workplace spirituality and work engagement
were found to be higher in organizations that offer meditation courses
than in those that do not. Additionally, mindfulness meditation has
a statistically significant relationship with workplace spirituality and
work engagement, and workplace spirituality fully meditates the
relationship between meditation and work engagement.
Reference
Petchsawang, P., & McLean, G. N. (2017). Workplace spirituality, mindfulness meditation, and work engagement. Journal of Management, Spirituality & Religion, 14(3), 216-244.
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Any opinion, any view or any experience. No need to worry about etiquette or spirituality, just exclaim your thoughts with righteousness in mind. And the kids.
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This can be approached from two overlapping perspectives: the psychological and the spiritual. Jerome Frank's Persuasion and Healing explored the efficacy of the placebo effect. Frank was attempting to offer a more holistic view of disease, emphasizing that it is as much a psychosocial phenomenon as it is a biological one. Frank notes that those who practice non-medical healing tend to view “illness as a disorder of the total person, involving not only his body, but his image of himself and his relations to his group; instead of emphasizing conquest of the disease, they focus on stimulating or strengthening the patient[s natural healing powers” (1973, 47). Frank identified common characteristics in situations where persuasion was the primary intervention, including political thought reform (i.e., re-education camps) and faith healing. The characteristics included a sufferer and a culturally sanctioned persuader, where the sufferer is in distress and alienated from a support community, and the persuader represents the dominant worldview that governs accepted views of illness and health.
Faith healing is practiced in Pentecostal revival experiences, which are characterized by religious ecstasy, dancing, shouting, the sign gifts of the Holy Spirit like glossolalia and divine healing. A prerequisite for the latter is the supplicant must have enough faith in order for the healing to be efficacious (Harrell, 1975). The revival setting is emotionally charged with considerable sensory pageantry that tells the supplicant that God is at work in the healing.
Of course, Pentecostal faith healing is not the only spiritual healing that occurs. Many Christians pray for the sick and many report recovery either through traditional medical means or through the supernatural agency of the Holy Spirit.
Ultimately, there are two hypotheses which are both worldview-dependent. For those whose worldview allows for the intervention of a transcendent God, supernatural healing is one way in which God intervenes. For those whose worldviews do not allow for the existence of God or supernatural beings, than "faith healing" must have a naturalistic explanation. While persuasion may be a partial explanation, it is certainly an inadequate one for why tumors disappear or the blind recover their sight.
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Is there an array of existing technologies that can be classified as Spiritual Computing?
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Dear professor
Greetings and Regards
Did I understand your question correctly? Do you want to measure spirituality? If this is your question I should say with respect:
Spirituality is achieved by communicating with God and is overlapped with religiousness. Some of the spiritual problems are sins in Islam. Although measuring the religiosity (spirituality) is done in Catholic Christianity but for Muslims it is forbidden. The principles of examining and obtaining spiritual history is different from the perspective of Islam. The Quran and narratives, contrary to Catholicism, have strictly forbidden exploration of the privacy of individuals, confessing from others, confessing sin to others, because of the prevalence of depravity. Islam has obligated the secrecy, preservation of pride, respect and dignity of humans. The Quran has strongly forbidden suspicion of the servants of God, exploration, understanding and expression of people secrets, abstention and slander. The Prophet of Islam said: "I have not been called to examine the mysteries of the heart. “Therefore, the evaluation of religiousness of Muslim people is unauthorized.
With respect
Minoo Asadzandi
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One of my mentees research interest is spirituality & spiritual care. We have found some questionnaire used in past studies, however in order to take a decision on which would be appropriate to use in the current study, we would like to share the experiences of other researchers who have worked in this area or have authored instruments on this topic.
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A book chapter with some good references may be found at
If your library has it a good source is Hill, P. C., & Hood, R. W., Jr. (1999). Measures of religiosity. Birmingham, AL: Religious Education Press.