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Spatial Planning and Sustainable Construction - Science topic

Spatial Planning and Sustainable Construction are this international research community is intended to gather researchers and planning consultants who will share the latest results of research and successful case studies in spatial planning and sustainable development. The field ranges from urban policy, planning and design, planning support system to the field of transportation planning, landscape design and geography.
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The article "Ethnographic Knowledge in Urban Planning – Bridging the Gap between the Theories of Knowledge-Based and Communicative Planning”, that was published on November 4th 2021 has serious ethical problems, e.g, plagiarism, authorship and duplication.
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Hello, again, Tal Berman
Like Usama Badawy , I hope that they at least gave you credit for your hard work. Otherwise, I would contact the editor of that journal to inform of the act. How did you even detect this problem?
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Hello,
I am looking to evaluate the quality of a land use plan in my country. However I am limited by availability of criteria to use. Do you know of literature I can review or advice on standards used in the planning profession when conducting a plan quality evaluation?
Your response will be much appreciated.
Regards, Malakia
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Your question helped me too. Thanks for asking here.
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Indoor environment quality is an essential for a comfortable living in enclosed spaces. I want to know its relation with environmental sustainability in the buildings.
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The Indoor environment has significant impacts on the health of the population what is the most important indicator for sustainability. Therefore, in urban societies, indoor environment is as important as outside environment. Inclusively, we should remember, that the complex of economy, society and environment. In modern societies, most of economic work is done indoor and provides major time of exposure.
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I'm looking for specific examples of best practices in spatial planning at regional level. If this case-studies involve both the normative structure and the running process of plans it'd be perfect. I already have a bunch of examples following the contents provided by the ESPON projects and some other sources (i.e. manuals on nationalwide perspectives). I just wat to expand them as much as possible. Thanks in advance
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Dear Hector
your are receiving answers from a broad range of fields. it may be helpful if you specify which aspects of regional spatial planning you are interested in. the term "regional spatial planning" is very broad.; And the term "spatial planning" has different meaning in different countries and contexts. Do you mean land-use regulations? or regional economic planning? or regional administration? or environmental regional planning? Rachelle Alterman
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In my book "Public Participation as a Tool for Integration Local Knowledge into Spatial Planning" (Springer, 2017) I claim that Local Knowledge in urban and regional planning refers to the knowledge of people who could be affected by plans, and that it is "a large, complex epistemological system related to a broad conceptual scope that includes perceptions, desires, grievances, opinions, ideas, beliefs, thoughts, speculations, preferences, common sense, feelings and sensations; it also addresses needs, cultural codes, spatial conducts, social relations, societal norms, and everyday life scenarios and practices, all of which are rooted in the locals' everyday reality". 
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Local knowledge can be seen from different perspectives and embedded in different discourses. The word 'local' puts it in the immediate space for which plans are drafted. As such a local Urban Planner, who lives since long time in the respective city has such local knowledge, at least more of it than an urban planner who has been hired from far away. However, and some of the contributions argue in this direction, local can also mean people's knowledge in comparison to scientific knowledge.
Other expressions that at times appear in the discourses are 'traditional knowledge' and 'indigenous knowledge'. Of course there are slight, but very meaningful differences between all of these expressions, but what they might have in common is the assumption that beyond the scientific way of conceptualizing things there are also other qualities, which can add perspectives to the scientific view that are essential.
I just came back two week ago from doing research about 'traditional cyclone shelters in Vanuatu'. These shelters, which have survived the strongest cyclones ever are the result of 'local' knowledge. Aren't they? E.G. an important way o9f putting wooden logs together is by tying them together with wild vines instead of using nails. This flexibility provides stability as logs fixed by nails would disconnect soon when the power of heavy winds would slowly but surely loosen the connection.
Indeed I came across a similar principle many years ago in South India, where fishermen built boats by stitching the wooden planks together with coir. Also here the flexibility enhanced the stability when the boat went through the surf of the ocean.
‘Local knowledge’ here might be the knowledge which is built from experience, from being practically attached to something instead of reflecting and researching things.
Stein, D. S. (2002). Creating local knowledge through learning in community: A case study. New directions for adult and continuing education, 2002(95), 27-40.
Bishop, B. W. (2011). Location‐based questions and local knowledge. Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, 62(8), 1594-1603.
Aveling, E. L. (2011). Mediating between international knowledge and local knowledge: the critical role of local field officers in an HIV prevention intervention. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 21(2), 95-110.
Mammo, T. (1999). The paradox of Africa's poverty: the role of indigenous knowledge, traditional practices and local institutions--the case of Ethiopia. The Red Sea Press.
Sekhar, N. U. (2004). Local versus expert knowledge in forest management in a semi‐arid part of India. Land Degradation & Development, 15(2), 133-142.
Thomas, D. S. G., & Twyman, C. (2004). Good or bad rangeland? Hybrid knowledge, science, and local understandings of vegetation dynamics in the Kalahari. Land Degradation & Development, 15(3), 215-231.
Gerhardinger, L. C., Godoy, E. A., & Jones, P. J. (2009). Local ecological knowledge and the management of marine protected areas in Brazil. Ocean & Coastal Management, 52(3), 154-165.
Šūmane, S., Kunda, I., Knickel, K., Strauss, A., Tisenkopfs, T., des Ios Rios, I., ... & Ashkenazy, A. (2017). Local and farmers' knowledge matters! How integrating informal and formal knowledge enhances sustainable and resilient agriculture. Journal of Rural Studies.
Benham, C. F. (2017). Aligning public participation with local environmental knowledge in complex marine social-ecological systems. Marine Policy, 82, 16-24.
Shearmur, R., & Doloreux, D. (2008). Urban hierarchy or local buzz? High-order producer service and (or) knowledge-intensive business service location in Canada, 1991–2001. The Professional Geographer, 60(3), 333-355.
Yigitcanlar, T., O’connor, K., & Westerman, C. (2008). The making of knowledge cities: Melbourne’s knowledge-based urban development experience. Cities, 25(2), 63-72.
Yigitcanlar, T., & Velibeyoglu, K. (2008). Knowledge-based urban development: The local economic development path of Brisbane, Australia. Local Economy, 23(3), 195-207.
Skytt-Larsen, C. B., & Winther, L. (2015). Knowledge production, urban locations and the importance of local networks. European Planning Studies, 23(9), 1895-1917.
Pineda-Zumaran, J. (2016). Learning and knowledge generation in local decision making in the South: The case of urban infrastructure provision in Arequipa, Peru. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 36(1), 60-75.
Lau, U., & Seedat, M. (2015). The community story, relationality and process: Bridging tools for researching local knowledge in a peri‐urban township. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 25(5), 369-383.
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I would like to get publications regarding challenges and problems associated with simultaneously managing spatially distributed construction sites  
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Hello Omar,
I suggest the following article:
file:///C:/Users/master/Downloads/11SO-Kane.pdf
Also, the following, although not a technical paper, does contain some useful tips:
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Can anyone highlight some measure or policy guidelines adopted by various cities for conservation or preservation of the Environment and ecology in the urban centres especially in the residential developments?
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You're welcome dear Md. Fuzail
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Dear Researchers,  
Currently I am looking at different policy level decisions and their impacts on the housing development in India.  Can you share some research done and publications on the similar studies in other countries? 
Regards
Uma
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Yes there is need planning guidelines, housing construction standards that specify the minimum requirements for housing and also ensuring quality meeting requirements of all sectors appreciably
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Im working on designing and design solutions for sustainable urban city for refugees  , with green shelters , i would appreciate any recommended good references and books that would help me .
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You may refer to the following Post-Disaster Housing Prototypes:
  • New York Emergency Housing
  • IKEA’s solar-powered flatpack prefab shelter
  • Stackable Exo emergency shelters
  • UNHCR’s lightweight, temporary tent shelters
  • Nader Khalili’s buildings fit for space
  • Multi-Storey Temporary Housing by Shigeru Ban Architects
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Most of our towns and cities (even cities in Manila) are not well designed resulting into non-functional communities. This maybe because many of our planners or planning committees are non-functional as well.
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I am preparing to study the impact of planning policy instruments on the behaviour of private sector stakeholders in the sustainable development of urban waterfront locations.
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Hi Erwin:
In general you could look articles or books of Rinio Brutomesso, for example “Waterfronts. A new frontier for cities on water” (1993) or "Complexity on the urban waterfront”, in “Waterfronts in Post-Industrial Cities” (2001), among others.
At the same time in the Portus Journal (http://portusonline.org) you will find interesting articles concerning your specific question.
Considering your last clarification, maybe you could read about the economic information in Forum zone in Barcelona, developed in the framework of The Forum of Cultures 2004.
Other example that involve a different public and private institutions in the process is the Liverpool experience, including the Liverpool Waterfront Business Partnership http://www.visitliverpool.biz/industry/industry-network-contacts/liverpool-waterfront-business-partnership
Best regards.
Rolando.
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The EC-funded project INSPIRATION – http://www.inspiration-h2020.eu – is to formulate an end-user driven Strategic Research Agenda (SRA) for land-use, soil management and spatial planning and the related, impacted compartments of the Soil-Sediment-Water (SSW) system in order to meet current and future societal challenges.
In a series of bottom-up stakeholder engagement activities across EU nations the project gathers Research and Innovation (R&I) needs related to the INSPIRATION scope (land and SSW-system use and management), including topics such as:  
  1. What are the strategic research topics? 
  2. What are experiences regarding connecting science to policy/practice?
  3. What are national and transnational funding schemes to implement such Research?  
To complement these activities, I would appreciate your view and contribution! What is your view on the research and innovation needs and opportunities? Do you have a vision on, and what is your insight in upcoming knowledge demands (short, middle and long-term)?  
Collecting input from you is crucial for the project in order to help us describing the state-of-the-art as input into the European research agenda.  
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Interesting project, question and approach to use research gate for this. 
I would argue for research which contributes for assessing the efficiency of land use from the point of view of sustainable development. Many policies (including those that explicity aim for SD goals) have implications for land use: protection of BioDiv, Bio fuels and use of bio based raw materials, renewable energies, organic food, etc. Is all this coherent? How can efficiency of use measured and inform decision making, while considering also non-monetary values (or alternatively improving the data base for monetarization). 
Best Klaus 
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Sustainable urban planning resources
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Dear Heath,
I suggest the book:
Sustainable Urban Planning: Tipping the Balance-  Paperback,
by Robert Riddell.
Regards,
Vanessa
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What options exist in the practice of urban planning for building resilience to climate change.
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Dear Davidson:
More and more cities around the world consider climate change in its basic urban planning. But the scenario is still far from ideal: only a small part of them has adopted the practice as a priority. This is shown by a new global survey conducted by MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology).
Based on data from 350 cities around the world, the Urban Climate Change Governance Survey (UCGS) stands out as the government considers global warming. 'Climate change is not an isolated problem,' says Alexander Aylett, Department of Urban Studies and Planning (DUSP), lead author of the report.
According to the report, 75 cities had the issue of climate change in their planning: 'It has major implications for all other aspects of urban life What we are seeing are starting cities include it in the DNA as sighted urban planning.' , the researcher.
According to the results, 75 cities had analyzed the issue of climate change in their planning - 73 are trying to reduce their emissions of pollutants in the air. However, at 65, the remaining steps to support innovations. And only 21 environmental actions has been able to contribute to priority areas.
To Aylett, is a 'cliché' to say that environmental and economic progress can not walk together. He cites Portland, Oregon (USA), as an example. The city has developed incentives, training and laws that encourage companies to sustainable construction. 'It's not as difficult to reconcile the economic and environmental priorities,' says Aylett. 'It's just that we are not trying.'
Hoping to have contributed, I appreciate the opportunity.
Andréa
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Can any buddy help me out on above mentioned topic or any reference material?  
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Have you done  the land use land cover classification, first try to access the annual water needs i mean water budgeting then prioritize the areas u can use Multi -criteria analysis. use AHP extension. then by the network analysis u can model the flow from the canals. 
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I'm carrying out a research on a little town on the south of Italy, Altamura, in Puglia.
I would like to exchange and gain knowledges on the restoration of dismissed and abandoned spaces on the inner town historical centers, in order to boost and encourage urban regeneration of these specific area of the cities.
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I would like to be informed about the related literature
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by looking at regional and local budget data.  might start with tax sharing at the regional and local levls
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What do you think about it? Can it be used in spatial planning in your country?
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You can try:
"A New Map of Global Ecological Land Units –  An Eco-physio-graphic Stratification Approached"
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With experience in dealing with international spanish developers, I have found they recognize how important the SIA process is, from the designing to the implementing of infrastructure projects. The point is that they seem to adjust the SIA size to the legal needs of the specific country. Is this also your impression? I think SIA is not very expensive, and it can provide good and profitable outputs in terms of corporate image, CSR, solving social conflicts before they appear, etc... Opinions?
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Dear J. Andres,
In my opinion, usually and unfortunately, all measures are ways to solve existing problems.
I recommend the Journal (I think you already know):
Environmental Impact Assessment Review
And:
Best Regards,
Vanessa
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Maybe should be discussed through different nations. For example, in the free market economy, like EU; and in a transitional economy like in China. Can you provide some information about that? Many thanks!
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Dear Lei,
I'm not in Europe, but I will give my opinion about.
The creation of industrial districts could be a way out, but most cities in the world grows without proper plan.
So I think that plans dor industrial areas are complex and at this point, plans  for pollutant mitigation are more viable.
Best Regards,
Vanessa
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There is a growing need for the evaluation, assessment, or even measurment of urban resilience. In contrast to the complexity of urban processes, the physical layout of cities (that is, patterns in this case) may, to a certain extent, be measured easier. Therefore a morphological approach to urban resilience may contribute to the development and improvement of resilience assessment tools. Did anyone find spatial indicators that may be directly related to resilience? Are there any morphological studies or tools that explicitly refer to resilience?
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Dear Claudiu ,
As indicators I emphasize the relationships:
- economic development vs. pollution;
- social housing vs. property speculation;
-demographic growth vs. health and education
Some studies in Brazil (in portuguese):
Urban and commercial resilience in central areas:
Resilience of urban systems:
Urban sustainability indicators for urban resilience:
Building resilient cities:
I hope it helps.
Best Regards,
Vanessa
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In comparison "pairwise" in AHP method, the consistency index should be less than 1. When placing various parameters seems that the index approaches the inconsistency (> 1).
Does this method accept more than 30 parameters simultaneously? or no relationship : "number of parameters vs. index "?
Thank You very much!
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Dear  Dra. Mirjana,
Does this method accept more than 30 parameters simultaneously? (using decision lens software)
Thank You for Your time and knowledge.
Best Regards,
Vanessa
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Will urban sprawl increase livability in İstanbul?
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Urban sprawl as distinct from urban horizontal expansion is most cases than none is haphazard. I have not visited Istanbul, but from my experiences and researches conducted in the country and of studies of Istanbul, I have come to know it is nuisance in several respects which I have point out latter. In a picture of either Ankara or Istanbul in a study some people are behind a house waiting police van to pass away and then start squatter houses. As such, most of sprawl is made up congested squatter and illegal colonies in defiance of city plan. Obviously, sprawl resulted high density congested colonies become slums and their livability in terms of crowding, unhygienic condition, less refreshing of fresh air due to narrow winding lanes and congestion and lack of green and open places is worst. Obviously these are highly polluted from indoor and outdoor pollution, drainage is also likely to be poor causing stagnation of water. Further it is hard for police to petrol a sprawling city which is sprawling in different directions. This results in increased crime rates and delinquency and compromising security of citizens.The sprawl also create problems of transport and traffic. If all or a few traits of a sprawling city obtain, it may readily concluded whether urban sprawl increase the livability of İstanbul or not.
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I am looking for a journal in urban geography or urban planning.
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lets you put in abstract and info and it will return a number of suggested journals with average acceptance rates and average turn aroudn time. It is elsevier's so obviously doesn't have all journals.
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I have a range of experts but I am not sure how many questionnaires I should run.
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If I understand correctly you wonder how many experts should you use. I don't think there are rules regarding the minimum number of experts. One expert gives you one pairwise comparison matrix. If you have several experts you derive one pairwise comparison matrix for each expert and then you can choose the best matrix which has the minimum consistency ratio value. Or maybe you can derive a single matrix using the mean relative importance of factors indicated by your experts.
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In AHP method of weighting, as the number of variables increases so should the Consistency ratio. Prof Saaty suggested a CR of 0.1 irrespective of the number of variables, researchers have found this to be too restrictive. the formulation by LAMATA gives a formulation to adapt to the number of variables but how many variables for what CR?
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you put your fingers at a sensible part of the MCE, particularly AHP.
The 'traditional' criterion of accepting matrices is sometimes critizesed due to
their inflexibility and because it may be too restrictive when the size of the matrix increases.
Alternative approaches are e.g. discussed by Aguarón J. and Moreno-Jiménez J M (2003). European Journal of Operational Research, 16 May 2003, Volume: 147 Issue: 1 pp.137-145.
out of the many examples one may also mention Ergu et al. (2011) hwo proposed a maximum eigenvalue threshold as the new consistency index for the data in the AHP and ANP, which is mathematically equivalent to the CR method.
Alonso& Lamata (2006) developed a system compares the matrix level of consistency to the consistency level of the remaining matrices (random matrices) of the same dimension. see: http://hera.ugr.es/doi/16515833.pdf
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I would like to know what do you think about the DYNAMICA software (http://www.csr.ufmg.br/dinamica/). It is a free, research oriented GIS modeling software.
If anyone has used it, I would appreciate your comments.
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Hola a todos. Es aplicable a todos los escenarios planteados, además que es una herramienta muy potente en el tratamiento de volúmenes considerables de información, ya que comparados con otros programas e.g IDRISI, es muy eficiente. Los modelos que incluyen son muy buenos. Sólo hay que estructurar las variables de modelamiento y tener cuidado en el desarrollo del mismo
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Prefabrication: is it a low cost sustainable solution or not?
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Prefabrication is a double-edged sword. While it speeds up the process of prefabricating building components under controlled conditions, thus increases their quality, it requires skilled labor, factory environment and hauling materials to the prefabrication site. Its is not forgiving in terms of design, production, and construction tolerances , which requires accurate workmanship. Another caveat is the necessity for using heavy equipment, resulting in intensive energy consumption. Depending on the level of expertise in a given society, it may be better to begin with the existing technology and incrementally develop it to the point when highly technical methods make sense in terms of budget, and skill levels.
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I want to use a spatial autocorrelation to explain disparities across urban areas in Ecuador.
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An holistic model which could mesure 1. People (cost of living, incomes, happiness, etc) 2. Industries (sustentability, revenue, profits, etc) 3. Legal issues (as for the people as for the industries: insurance, security, retirement ) and finally 4. Services ( hygiencic, life quality, polution, etc). I think that one alone of this four macro indicators is not enough to mesure you want. Regards.
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Three Dimension forest modelling
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GRASS GIS. Very good 3D visualization and voxel analysis plus specific tools for landscape ecology.
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For instance in Iran during the Safavid dynasty some of the Armenian of Jolfa had been made to settle in Isfahan (the capital city of the time), furthermore a certain district had been built for them. I wonder if there are such examples before or after industrial revolution.
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In Iran: Armenians of the Transcaucasus were forced to migrate to Central Iran. They remained Christians.
Georgians of the Caucasus were forced to migrate to Central Iran. They became SHiite Muslims.
Shiite Kurdish tribes of Eastern Anatolia fled to Iran and Shah Abbas located them in Khorasan.
Stalin deported the Chechens, Ingush, Karachay/Balkars, Meskhetian georgian Muslims from the Caucasus, and Crimean Tatars from Ukraine, and Volga Germans to move in Central Asia.
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I want to help a local authority to do a site selection process using modelling techniques in GIS for a intercity bus station/terminus, considering issues of sustainability and walkability
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You can use multicriteria decision analysis technique. See the work of Adiat et al 2012 for hint "Adiat, K.A.N., Nawawi, M.N.M., & Abdullah, K. (2012a). Assessing the accuracy of GIS-based elementary multi criteria decision analysis as a spatial prediction tool-A case of predicting potential zones of sustainable groundwater resources. Journal of Hydrology, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2012.03.028 "
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I am working towards completion of my PhD dissertation on "Environmental sustainability of large residential projects in Bangalore city: Implications of environmental regulations with special reference to the Environmental Impact Assessment Notification". Any useful insights and references would be welcome.
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Environmental sustainability can only be achieved if there are strong administrative and financial structure, and comprehensive rules and regulation. I suggest you study the administrative and financial framework, environmental laws and regulations, and people's acceptance of the laws and regulations.
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Informal housing, illegal settlements, and the kind are considered as regular things to be found in large cities located in developing countries. Building on deSoto's opinion, is it possible to socially and economically empower the urban poor by legalizing/formalizing something that they informally own? deSoto argued that poor people's homes are significant assets, but without formal title deeds guaranteed by the legal system, these assets are considered as "dead capital". By giving the poor legal titles to their property, could it mean that the poor will have an asset to build, and collateral?
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It is good suggestion in the spirit of social justice within the framework of sustainable development. Title deed would indeed empower them. Field surveys conducted by me in rural India and observations in metro cities especially in Delhi make me sad. Getting entitlement of a house or hut, either these poor people sell them out and squatter on another land or give it on rent, if entitlement does not allow them to sell for a certain period. In rural areas, subsidies to weaker sections are grabbed by big farmers in the names of persons of Target population. In the case of poor, if there is a young officer not acculturated in the culture of corruption give monetary add to purchase horse-carts etc. or necessary tools to carry out traditional crafts and business or service, all these are sold to a little better of and beneficiary settled in some distant villages to avoid to account for progress during seldom conducted inspections.The basic problem is to ensure their viable employment with enough earnings so that under a compulsory small/micro-saving schemes they could be able to build or purchase their own homes or establish their family business or business of their choice with, of course, government support. These measures would not only reduce volume rural-urban migration stream but also, the problem of slums and homelessness be overcome as at stake would also be the hard earned money of these beneficiaries.
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Community partcicipation is the key ingredient for an empowered society. It is the life blood that sustains community's life. Due to failures from government led water services especially in rural areas, it is logical to mobilize rurlaites for community works in the form of self-help to improve their living standards on a self-sustaining basis.Please add to what you know about this hot topic
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I am working on this issue for last 17 years. My knowledge is totally grassroot and applied. Will it be interesting?
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I am working with one mrp
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u can download satellite image from the internet and use for this task for that u need the temporal data to analyse the change detection Landsat ETM+, IRS P6(From NRSC Hyderbad)