Science topic

Spanish - Science topic

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Would you like to share your experience in machine learning projects? Support us to respond this survey:
English version: https://forms.gle/YpGCcGDvBNVQnVLG6 Spanish version: https://forms.gle/KoYkf4dsfc9CewCEA • It’ll take you less than five minutes to answer it. • The data collected will be used for academic purposes. • Thank you for your valuable support!
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Yes.
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We are looking for a self-reported questionnaire to assess digital skills of a clinical population. Ideally validated in Spanish.
Your help is much appreciated.
Sincerely,
Dr. Vicent Balanzá
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Dear Hanan,
Thank you for taking the time to address this question.
It is a very interesting manuscript.
Sincerely,
Vicent
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Doing research in multilingual contexts can be challenging, as many of you know. I do social science research in Spain, and occasionally come across terms that lack a direct translation between Spanish & English.
A real head-breaker is 'grassroot (initiatives)'. Does anyone have a good translation for this? I'm looking for a term that makes sense for the general public (as I work together with local communities), and is ideally also used in Spanish scientific literature.
Thanks!
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All due respect to you for your excellent Scientific Research Work, very remarkable and with good scheduled.
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I would like to participate in a summer school remotely. It could be in English or Spanish.
Topic related to the teaching of EFL or ESL
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Dear Dr. Faraed Salman very helpful. Thank you a lot. Best regards
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I am looking for International (also, in particular Polish and/or Spanish) Conferences in the field of Responsible Research & Innovation and or in whose I could present a paper focusing on social policies acknowledge by technological companies. Thank you in advance!
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Thank you all
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I want to collect data from Spanish and UK hotel employees. I am concerned about possible survey response bias resulting from nationality of employees. Are there any questions I should insert in the questionnaire to control for this?
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I think that the simplest way is just to ask them what their nationality is. During the data analysis, you can perform a Chi-squared test or t-test (depending on what is your dependent variable), and see if nationality correlated with the survey answers. A more complex option would be to think about hypothesized reasons for differences between nationalities. What are the cultural differences between those societies and add a relevant questionnaire that measure those aspects in your participants.
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Hi,
Due to the bad commercial practices of Werfen/IZASA, Spanish providers for NEB products, we need to look for a suitable alternative for the NEBNext Ultra II End Rep/dA tailing and NEBNext Quick Ligation Module. Does anybody has experience with equivalent products from other providers?
Thanks a lot for your help
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I tried to partially rebuild the NEB kit with these products:
-Anza™ T4 DNA Ligase Master Mix
-SureSeq FFPE DNA Repair Mix Product No. 500079
But I don't know if they are really useful/compatible
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Hello,
I´m doing my Master adn for my final project I´m working on the relation between quality of work life and Leadership, do anyone knows an instrument in spanish that measures this variables?
Thanks
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Dear Maria
There is no instrument as such. All you to have to do is trace the parameters/variables by which you are tying to define your quality of life and using weighted index method or creating entirely a new index can help you in your project...you have do analysis after that with the help of certain statistical software's....
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Is anyone out there aware of research that has sought to establish the relationship between Spanish learners' scores on the ACTFL Proficiency Placement Test (APPT) and their scores on the ACTFL Oral Proficiency Interview (OPI)?
I realize that the APPT is not meant to determine official proficiency levels at all, but I'm curious as to how well the APPT, as an instrument of reading and listening interpretive proficiency, can predict oral interpersonal proficiency. If there is research on these exact instruments, or on how well interpretive proficiency can serve as a predictor for interpersonal proficiency in general, that would be great.
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Devin Gilbert The ACTFL Oral Proficiency Interview (OPI) is a legitimate and reliable method of determining a person's ability to speak a language. The OPI is competency-based. It evaluates the ability to utilize language effectively and properly in real-world settings. It evaluates unrehearsed, spontaneous language.
Individuals who want to test and verify their speaking abilities in a target language by conducting a live interview with a tester can purchase and take an OPI by obtaining a Speaking Certificate.
A "1" OPI rating signifies "survival proficiency," a "2" "limited working competence," and a "3" "general professional competency."
Vocabulary, grammar, pronunciation, fluency, linguistic tasks, and socio-linguistic/... are the evaluative variables examined at each level (but not equally weighted).
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Would you like to share your experience in machine learning projects? Support us to respond this survey:
✅ It’ll take you less than five minutes to answer it.
📝 The data collected will be used for academic purposes.
💻Thank you for your valuable support!
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Hello, I would like to share my study with you. It could be useful for your study.
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For an upcoming study, I am in search of a quick Spanish placement test that can be made by L2 learners (preferably online) to determine their L2 Spanish proficiency level.
Ideally, the test would not be longer than 10 minutes and can be used for free, but please also contact me with recommendations for longer or paid tests. These could still be a useful starting point for us.
Thank you in advance!
Lieke
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Hi, Lieke!
Regarding your question about a quick Spanish placement test, I recommend that you search the following link: https://www.tiatula.com/spanish-placement-tests/
Best luck!
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Dear colleagues, we need your help for the first global horizon scanning on the impacts of European policies on developing countries. It is a very short survey (between 10 and 12 minutes) and if you are from or live and work in developing countries you are welcome to submit your considerations, suggestions and priorities.
The survey and a short description are available in English, French and Spanish at the following link:
Please help us by filling it, and let us know what you think. If you could spread the survey through your contacts in developing countries, you would be of great help!
If you need more information, please, feel free to contact us at director@iied-europe.org.
Thank you in advance for your contribution!
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Revered Professor Dr. C
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Hi colleagues!
I am a PhD student in linguistics and am looking for volunteer participants who would like to take part in my study of cross-cultural pragmatics.
I am looking for native speakers of English, Spanish and Italian and for trilingual speakers of both English and Italian and Spanish.
To collaborate with my project all you need to do is complete an online questionnaire. Please, contact me by Researchgate.
Thank you for your help and I am available for any question or curiosity you may have about the project.
Thank you very much indeed.
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Analysing the pragmatic competence of trilingual speakers.
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University institutions create a scenario where teaching is not committed with social transformation, but mainly with an aspiration towards elitism and the students´ contentment (students understood as “clientele”); research, on its turn, no longer seeks to meet the demands of our society (Sparkes, 2013). On the contrary, it follows the priorities set by foreign multinational companies (Berbegal-Mirabent & Ribeiro-Soriano, 2015). The quality and scientific value of the work is therefore defined by those companies that then lead an “impact culture” difficult to escape from.
Hence the challenges and difficulties that the Spanish university runs into whilst meeting the dynamic and interests of the markets (Berbegal-Mirabent & Ribeiro-Soriano, 2015), especially after its adaptation to the European Higher Education Area.
So, the question could be: Quality assessment systems for university teaching staff: a tool for improving the quality of the system, or an instrument for precariousness?
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In general, audit culture refers to the application of regulatory systems across a wide variety of enterprises and institutions, in which quality concerns are absorbed by managerial logics. Objectivity, efficiency, and productivity are the most important qualities that form audit culture.
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Hi, I'm looking for the normative data of the semantic task "clothes" ("ropa") from the Spanish Verbal Fluency Assessment in a sample of young adults (20-49 years old). If someone has it, please, tell me, it would be extremely helpful for my current research. Thank you so much.
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Dear Emma,
I think the following article might be of help. Although most articles on the topic I came across are focused on animals and fruits, the following one includes clothes as well.
Kind regards
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It doesn't matter if it is in English or Spanish.
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As you are Spanish, I recommend classic manuals, understandable and unless it is Spanish (some, although they say as "Experimental Psychology", are valid for their objectives):
-Psicología Experimental; McGuigan; Ed. TRillas
-Diseño y Cálculo de Tests Estadísticos para Ensayos Clínicos y de Laboratorio; A. González; E.U.E de la Univ. Complutense de Madrid
-INvestigación Científica en CC de la Salud. Polit-Hungler. McGraw-Hill Interamericana
-Psicología Matemática I y II. Julio Seoane et al.Editorial UNED
-Fundamentos de Psicología Matemática.L. Jañez Escalada. Pirámide
-Psicología Matemática. Francis Isidro. Pirámide
-Los clásicos del Prof. Dr. Yela y los Clásicos del Prof. DR. Amón
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I am going to carry out an investigation to study the relationship between the use of social networks by Spanish adults and other lifestyle variables.
I would like to know what is in your opinion the best instrument (scale, questionnaire, ...) to understand the use of social networks by Spanish adults and why.
I would also like to know the name of the instrument and if it has been validated
Thank you very much for your participation.
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The "best tool" simply does not exist.
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In some publications you refer Deivid Chica (with Barranco) but the true first name is Maria Dolores Chica , in spanish Ma. Dolores Chica.
Before I answer yes is an author Deivid Chica, but really is Maria Dolores Chica.
Many thanks Françoise Soler
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It is good to write your full names according to the order required by the journal.
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When trying to identify language proficiency for cognitive test administration (Spanish vs English) in a clinical trial, what is the best way to ask a participant (via survey) which language they want to be tested in?
A colleague suggested we use the standard way asked by the Dpt of Education in the followig order:
(a) "What language did you first learn?" and then
(b) "What language is spoken most frequently in your home?"
If responses do not coincide then they ask
(c) "If you were to take a test, in what language would you want to take it in to give your best performance?"
Being a native Spanish speaker, I believe we should first ask option c to reach our goal (cognitive testing). It seems to me that asking a and b first is not a personal choice. For example, many of us were raised in Spanish and speak Spanish at home with our parents, but our education was in English and we live immersed in English so we may respond better in English on a cognitive test than if given in Spanish.
What are your thoughts? Is there a scientifically proven approach to this? Thank you for your responses.
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One of the most common methods is to submit the manuscript to an editorial (i.e. Springer, Elsevier, etc.). However, what if you want to publish a thesis in a book/chapter book or if you have a large study with an interesting/different approach? What would be the best alternative?
I would appreciate it if someone could give some options (in English or Spanish), indexes, (perhaps price), and an estimate of waiting times.
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Because, you have been already awarded the degree which means the thesis as a whole has been approved. That should not be difficult at least now when the technology as advanced so much. You need to consult an expert for converting the thesis portion you wish to publish and go ahead with. Shouldn't be difficult at all. All the best.
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For a compilation survey we are conducting at the Spanish Geological Survey, we would be extremely thankful to anybody sharing published or public information (e.g., scientific paper, technical note, open-file report, database, etc.) addressing the presence, nature, concentration and/or chemical properties of dissolved organic compounds (including LMW and HMW) present in acidic systems of any kind (geothermal, volcanic, acid rock/mine drainage, lab cultures, etc.). Very much appreciated!
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There are few papers out there by L. Richard, H. Helgeson and E. Shock. Laurent Richard and Jeffrey Dick might be a good researchers to reach out to.
Good luck with your literature search.
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Good afternoon, I am currently researching body image in women with breast cancer and I would like to ask where can I get the Hopwood body image scale validated in Mexico or in Spanish? Thank you very much for your support
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Good question
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Lahore Journal of Policy Studies
Special Issue on Covid-19
Call for Papers
Dear Sir/Madam
We intend to take out the next issue of the Lahore Journal of Policy Studies on Covid-19. The novel Coronavirus has come as a major calamity out of the blue leading to a sudden economic halt across the world. There had been other pandemics earlier but the response was never so severe, widespread and universal. The Third World acted largely on the basis of scientific predictions and policies originating in Developed Countries without any policy based on locally grounded scientific/medical knowledge. With the high death rate reported from Italy and Spain followed in a couple of months by even higher deaths in US and UK the world was terrorized. The fast pace of statistics did not allow for a cool headed debate and reflection nor did people have any facts on which to develop some degree of understanding and make an opinion. Except for a few critical special publications, the media has been more interested in statistical reporting than any critical analyses. With the passage of time many riddles and paradoxes, have come to the fore and call for reflection. There is need to explore these riddles and paradoxes because many revelations are likely to come out of these. For instance,
· Why have there been far more deaths in the prosperous and highly developed countries of US and Britain than in the countries of the Third World
· Why have there been far more deaths in the urban areas which have more awareness and healthcare facilities compared to the backward rural areas
· Is the pandemic primarily a medical issue to be dealt with by doctors or a socioecological issue to be dealt with through political debate and policy
· What has been our experience of pandemics in the past. In India whether it was bubonic plague, Spanish flu or smallpox, in each instance the epidemic continued for many decades. What communities and what geographies were affected. What conditions brought the disease under control
· What was the role of vaccines in ending the pandemics
· What was the relation of poverty to the number of deaths and why? Was it because of hygiene or was it because of food and healthcare
· What is the relationship between our economic goals of productivity and development and the onset of disease
· Industrial agriculture including deforestation, monocultures, genetic selection and animal feed lots have greatly increased production. What is its relationship with the pandemics
· The growth of giant cities in the Third World has created new environment for the spread of disease. Why has this aspect not been highlighted in the coronavirus debate
· What is the role of globalization of commodity production, services and people in the generation and spread of pandemics
· Where has this virus come from? Has the frequency of deadly viruses like Ebola, MERS, SARS, Corona, H1N1 increased in the past few decades? Is there any common process of generation between them
· How has the pandemic changed the ecologies of work such as education, commerce, health, entertainment and hospitality
· The impact of the lockdowns on gender inequality
You may choose a topic or write generally about the impact and origin of the disease.
Submission of abstracts 31st August 2020
Submission of final papers 31st October 2020
Whatever contributions we receive by the end of October 2020 will pass through a process of refereeing before they are accepted.
Please mail queries and abstracts to rabianadir@gmail.com
Rabia Nadir
Editor, Special Issue
Lahore Journal of Policy Studies
Note: The Lahore Journal of Policy Studies is a refereed journal. The journal has a broad scope, covering national, regional and international political, economic, social and cultural issues of immediate relevance to public policy. It aims to be a forum for significant new ideas and seeks to challenge thinkers and intellectuals to policy debate. It is neither a journalistic magazine nor an overly technical one. Rather, it is a scholarly journal containing provocative, thoughtful, but well-researched writings with an educated and discerning readership in mind. It seeks originality and rigour of argument. The selection of papers will be based on topicality, originality, clarity, the extent to which they advance knowledge, understanding and application and their likely contribution towards inspiring further development, research and debate.
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is it under Scopus index?
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What is intended with this question is not only to answer it with a simple argument, but everything to the contrary. Contribute everything we know about immigration, positive and negative aspects that influence our society.
Spain is a country where immigration in recent decades has increased considerably. This is due to the territorial position of the country. It is not only due to this space, but also to the standard of living that we have in Spain compared to other countries.
I have to say that many Spanish citizens have found themselves in the situation of having to emigrate to other countries in search of economic and labor survival, so we can say that immigration to other countries is potentiated in the labor aspect.
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Views on immigration vary here in the U.S. While the negative coverage during the Trump administration paints an anti-immigrant picture that can be misleading. Immigration views vary widely and the U.S. is almost too large to pinpoint a single unifying trend. There are factors that impact that view here. As an example, urban areas tend to be more pro-immigration while rural areas are anti-immigration. Political affiliation also has an impact. On the right in the Republican Party the view is anti-immigrant but in the middle of the political spectrum there are Republicans and moderate Democrats who support immigration on based on different scenarios. As you move to the left in the Democratic Party the trend becomes much more pro immigration. Socioeconomic status and race also heavily influence the debate. The debate generally comes down to 1) They are taking our jobs and resources--which is generally not true and 2)They are not like us--which in some ways is true. Right now, due to COVID19 and National Security issues there is a strong bias against China. In the past it has been Catholics, Muslims, Eastern-Europeans, and Hispanics. Even though some of these have diminished for certain groups, you can still find echoes of this past in how communities react to non-native populations.
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Spain has a large flow of immigrants from Africa due to its proximity. Most arrive in small boats. How can we improve their situation when they arrive to the Spanish coasts?
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The economic situation of most African countries is very precarious due to centuries of exploitation by their former colonizing countries, most of which are European, to the existence of governments with disastrous economic management and the benefit of the large transnationals and that have not sought to raise the standard of living of their citizens but to remain in power at all costs. To adequately attend to African immigrants who arrive irregularly on the Spanish coasts, the following measures, among others, must be implemented:
1- Have facilities with adequate conditions to attend to immigrants who arrive on the Spanish coasts, including the corresponding medical-sanitary facilities.
2- Offer the necessary legal advice so that immigrants can know their rights and obligations according to the Spanish legal system and decide what the next steps to take and their consequences.
3- Facilitate the return to their country to all those immigrants who do not comply with the legal requirements to stay in the country or if that is their wish once they know their rights and the current laws on immigration.
4- Immigrants who are accepted should be relocated to reception centers located in different regions to train them in learning the Spanish language, know the working conditions they would face, job availability according to their experience and technical-professional profession, characteristics of life in Spanish society, the main laws in force, among other issues that allow them to rejoin the labor and social life of the country in the most beneficial way possible.
5-Once they found a suitable job, the immigrants would leave the reception centers to start an independent life. Those who do not get it within a certain period will be given all the facilities for their return to their country of origin to have the necessary space to serve new immigrants who meet the legal requirements to stay in the country.
However, the most important help to reduce the number of African immigrants is to provide the resources to improve the living conditions in many African countries, create jobs, improve the medical and educational system, and achieve that goal.
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I have found x2 application that fits the above category:
1] Very old 16-bit application but you can run it using opensource emulator otvdm (on github)
2] A modern application by university de Valencia. Allievi you can download requires free registration
Now the problem is that the 1st application I cannot get in touch with its author because I have no sample file & its help manual is limited
Second application has video tutorials but all in Spanish! Plus it also doesn't come with any sample files. Fortunately the application interface & PDF manual is in English
So if someone can help me with sample files for each application I be grateful.
PS: I cannot translate Spanish videos at YouTube CC (caption option) is unavailable:
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Allieve is now available in English. User guide is also in English.
Good luck
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Hello! I am looking for Spanish, English and Chinese native speakers to participate in my final survey for my PhD thesis.
This is the direct link.
Thank you for your participation.
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Interesting
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Is it possible for Covid19 to disappear just like the Spanish flu which lasted for 2 years (1918 - 1920) and SARS 2003 which lasted for a fee months?
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I'm looking for ways to automate the transcription of interview data.
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Yo uso para El portugues easypronunciation, pero tambien IPA oferece la transcripcion....
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Overall, the Spanish Flu is likely to be deadliest epidemic in the history of world. Estimates are that 1-3% of the world’s population died from the Spanish Flu. So many younger people died in the US in 1918 that the average US life expectancy was reduced by 10 years.
It is not clear why the second wave of the virus was so much more lethal than the first. There is some speculation that there may have been a mild and deadly version of the virus, but this has not been definitively confirmed. In the ‘developed’ world, the mortality rate was generally believed to be about 2%. In other counties, the mortality rate has been estimated to have caused up 14% of a population (Fiji islands) to die.
Eventually, toward the end of 1918 the number of deaths caused by the virus began to decrease. This is believed to be because there were so many people that had already been infected and/or the virus may have mutated again to be less invasive to the lungs. It eventually ‘devolved’ to be part of the seasonal flu. There was never a vaccine developed for the Spanish Flu.
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Mutation in virus always make it more dangerous as it adopt itself in the environment where it is growing.Duration of the mutation depends upon type of virus.
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I've obtained the English-language versions and permissions to use, but now looking for Spanish translations. I've had trouble reaching out to the authors of the validation studies. Anyone using these?
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Thanks - Sharon Clampitt I have the citations, but not the actual measures. I've tried to email the authors and elsevier to request information and permission to use the measures but haven't heard anything back. Any thoughts?
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Hello!
I am looking for a SHORT questionnaire/scale to measure Quality of Life in chronic patients (e.g. fibromyalgia, or multiple sclerosis). Ideally, validated for English and Spanish speakers. Any suggestions?
Thank you so much :)
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By the previous literature, I mean that any quality of life for chronic illnesses and you can select your questionnaire from more than one followed by piloting. The pilot study is publishable
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Can you recommend works in Spanish or English on botanical gardens as educational and learning contexts?
Thanks very much!!
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file:///C:/Users/Dr.Hanan/Desktop/2014LearninginParadise_TheRoleofBotanicGardensinUniversityEducation.pdf
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I need to test the distribution of a very rare pattern in both languages, so input from native speakers is crucial. If you speak either language and you would be willing to spend 5 minutes on answering a very simple questionnaire, please comment here and I will contact you.
Thanks in advance and best,
Francesco
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Hi!
I am a Spanish native speaker. I live in Argentina. I would be happy to help.
Best wishes,
Diana
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I would love to hear what people have come across in relation to language accessibility in publications. Ideally the journal focuses on Entomology and/or biodiversity, but I am also just curious on a broader scale if language friendly journals exist.
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Dear Erin Krichilsky I'm just wondering why you are looking for "a journal that accepts publications in two languages or at least is bilingual friendly". What is it good for to publish in different languages? We used to publish our research papers in German back in the 1970's and 1980's, but then we realized that the papers were not read by many researchers abroad. Then we switched to English to make sure that our papers are read worldwide (and eventually cited).
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Can we make a comparison between spanish flu as it kills 1 millon in the first invasion and kills 50 millons in the second attack, so Dose COVID-19 act same behaviour as spanish flu?
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We cannot compare. In history and social sciences, there is always the principle that we can only compare subjects and objects sharing the same time-space scale. It is not the case both in time and space since the historical, cultural, social, and even scientific contexts are completely diverse. The alternative is to follow connective research methods.
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I am now in a project of prime numbers where they are bounded between a polynomial, it´s derivative and the coefficients of the polynomial.
The project is quite interesting and usefull but I need a collaborator to rewrite in better english the proyect.
I need a person that have good skills in english and math also knowledge of Spanish would be apreciate.
All the project have between 8 and 10 pages in A4.
People interested pls send me a message or tell me here.
I will put that person as collaborator of the project.
Best regards and thanks in advance.
Hugo
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Dear Loida I need you follow me to add you as collaborator
Thanks and regards
Hugo
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Would you have any suggestions for bibliography on the grammaticography of Spanish? I have investigated how the Spanish standardization process took place through grammars.
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Thanks. My e-mail addres is araujoleandrosilveira@gmail.com. I hope you find them!
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I am looking for information about the distribution of Spanish paper in the Pacific in the 18th and 19th centuries. Did it arrive via Goa and/or via South and central America? In what quantities, and to what destinations?
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Dear Dennis,
Researching the subject from Macau gives you two clues: (a) all newspapers, bulletin, books, including Bibles and other religious materials, were imported from Manila since at least 1720; (b) there was production of paper in the Philippines and it was a monopoly of the Tabacco Committee (Junta de Tabaco) since 1789.
Researching the French travelers in the Pacific that crossed Macao during the period that you are studying gives you this: La Pérouse expedition carried from France large quantities of paper from different colors and shapes, and bought paper in Manila in April 1787 prior to seafaring to the Pacific, Australia, and then disappeared in Vanikoro; Etienne Marchand world voyage, published in 1797, only refers paper loaded in the departure from France; no clues in the other French voyages to the Pacific.
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Hi! I am interested in your work on the replaceability argument, but my French is very limited. Do you have any of your papers in English? (or Spanish) Thanks!
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Actually most of my papers are in English. Few others are in my mother tongue which is Arabic.
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Why English in particular? Why not French, German, Arabic, Spanish, Chinese, or any other language?
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I align myself with a number of the points already made here. However, the question of simplicity and superiority should not arise. No language is superior to another. The factors that make English tick are its history, the hegemony of America and Britain and its stronghold on science and technology as well as weapons of mass destruction, its powerful media, and the fact that the world being multilingual needs a global lingua franca. English is that lingua franca. However, English will not reign forever. Remember Sanskrit,
Latin, Greek, French in the Medieval period, etc. Global lingua franca come and go; so will English though it may take some time.
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For an upcoming research project I will have audio files of interviews conducted in Spanish. I am looking for a company that can transcribe and translate these interviews - resulting in English transcripts. What companies have others used for this? Confidentiality and relatively low cost are important.
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I offer this service. I am a professional translator with 3 years experience translating for a Mexican company and a current MSc student. I have experience with academic articles and publications from English to Spanish (my native language) and viceversa. I have an IELTS certificate (C1) and I am able to offer you affordable and confidential services. Feel free to contact me
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Hi all,
I am conducting oral history interviews in Spanish. From the interviews I have conducted so far, I have found transcribing them to be an impossibly slow process. Even with transcription software, it is taking me about an hour to transcribe 3 minutes of audio, not helped at all by the fact that Spanish is not my first language.
Can anybody recommend any audio transcription SOFTWARE which could help to transcribe my already-recorded audio files (interviews)? I say software because I have a budget to ask for software but not for paying somebody to transcribe. A few people have recommended Dragon (by Nuance).
Any help greatly appreciated.
Tom
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Hi
Gemma Ruiz
, I used Dragon NaturallySpeaking. To be honest, it hasn't been great and it struggles to transcribe if there's any background noise. A colleague of mine found Trint to be very good but it's a website, rather than software and quite expensive. Unfortunately, I had to buy software because I needed a one-off purchase.
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A Spanish study has cast doubt on the feasibility of herd immunity as a way of tackling the coronavirus pandemic.
The study of more than 60,000 people estimates that around just 5% of the Spanish population has developed antibodies, the medical journal the Lancet reported.
Herd immunity is achieved when enough people become infected with a virus to stop its spread.
Around 70% to 90% of a population needs to be immune to protect the uninfected.
The prevalence of Covid-19 antibodies was below 3% in coastal regions, but higher in areas of Spain with widespread outbreaks, the report said.
"Despite the high impact of Covid-19 in Spain, prevalence estimates remain low and are clearly insufficient to provide herd immunity," the study's authors said in the report.
"In this situation, social distance measures and efforts to identify and isolate new cases and their contacts are imperative for future epidemic control."
The study is thought to be the largest of its kind on the coronavirus in Europe.
Source: BBC
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Dear Dr. Alam!
You spotted a major point! Based on the available evidence one cannot trust herd immunity protection against COVID-19:
1) Lucy, C. Okell, et al. (2020)." Have deaths from COVID-19 in Europe plateaued due to herd immunity?" THE LACENT Vol. 395, Issue 10241, June 2020 © 2020 Elsevier Ltd., Available at:
2) Laura Gallagher (2020). "Declines in COVID-19 cases not due to herd immunity, says analysis" 12 Jubn 2020, Article text (excluding photos or graphics) © Imperial College London. Available at: https://www.imperial.ac.uk/news/198238/declines-covid-19-cases-herd-immunity-says/
3) Ewen Callaway, Heidi Ledford & Smriti Mallapaty (2020). "Six months of coronavirus: the mysteries scientists are still racing to solve - From immunity to the role of genetics, Nature looks at five pressing questions about COVID-19 that researchers are tackling." 03 July 2020, Nature 583, 178-179 (2020) Citation: "What’s the nature of immunity and how long does it last?...." , © 2020 Springer Nature Limited, Available at:
It has been confirmed that this virus easily mutates, but it is not known how it would affect immunity: "A spate of studies have suggested that this mutation makes the SARS-CoV-2 virus more infectious to cultured cells, but it is not clear how this property translates to infections in humans." Reference: Ewen Callaway, Heidi Ledford & Smriti Mallapaty (2020). "Six months of coronavirus: the mysteries scientists are still racing to solve ...please see the link 3) above.
Still sooner or later a major mutation may well lead to new symptoms of and need for novel treatment against COVID-19. One can conclude that aiming at reaching appropriate herd immunity level might not be an efficient method to fight COVID-19. Your sincerely, Bulcsu Szekely
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I was not able to find any other version than the original, in german language of course.
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Jose Cortes increible, muchas gracias por el link!
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This survey is a fundamental instrument of information for the accomplishment of a scientific research, encompassed in a study directed to analyze the keywords and topics related to the scientific diffusion in YouTube, as well as to validate this information by teachers of Higher Education.
You can access to the survey in Spanish clicking here: http://bit.ly/2w2zdcR
Thank you for your collaboration.
Responsible researchers:
MA. Arantxa Vizcaíno Verdú (University of Huelva)
Dr. Patricia de Casas Moreno (University of Antonio de Nebrija)
Dr. Paloma Contreras Pulido (UNIR)
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Very interesting! Paloma Contreras-Pulido, do I understand it right that you analyse, which scientific topics are mostly discussed in the public?
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I am interested in measuring expressive and receptive vocabulary in English and Spanish in Spanish-English and English-Spanish bilinguals. I am considering the PPVT/EVT measures for English. I have also considered the ROWPVT-4 and EOWPVT-4 Spanish Bilingual kits, but I would not want to administer the same materials twice (once in English and once in Spanish). Suggestions of alternative options would be appreciated. 
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I like The Inventory of Attitude toward Seeking Mental Health Services (IASMHS) measure but cannot find a translated version in spanish.
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*Description in Spanish*
Estimados colegas,
Me encuentro colaborando en un proyecto de Colombia y México para evaluar el estigma y discriminación que se ha generado hacia el COVID-19. Esto para contribuir de manera apremiante en la identificación del rol que el estigma y la discriminación podrían tener en el control de la epidemia por COVID-19 en Colombia y México, y por supuesto dar luces a países con contextos culturales similares. Por lo que agradezco infinitamente si pueden diligenciar y compartir la siguiente encuesta con sus familiares, amigos, colegas y/o conocidos en Colombia y México. El diligenciamiento es de aproximadamente 5 minutos, y cada participación es de gran valor para contribuir con este valioso estudio.
Cuestionario:
Muchas gracias por el apoyo!
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Estimada Luz Dary Upegui, me parece interesante el estudio que estas realizando. Desde mi Universidad y la Universidad del Valle, estamos haciendo algo parecido con el el tema de representaciones sociales del coronavirus y educación. Si te interesa podriamos intercambiar información y hacer un trabajo mucho más colaborativo. Ya respondí tu encuesta, me pareció muy interesante, te envío la mia para me ayudes, de ser posible, a difundirla. Mil gracias
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I am a Ph.D. graduate student at Alliant International University. I am in the process of gathering data for my research study. I am attempting to understand the obstacles parents face when seeking services for their children diagnosed with autism. I am attempting to figure out which barriers parents currently face by Mexican-American and Caucasian families. The most prominent barriers are geographic location, immigration status, which has been linked to language, limited knowledge/awareness of ASD, anti-immigration laws and cultural beliefs. Ideally, I would like to publish my results to encourage agencies to modify the services offered to families, specifically, ethnic minorities.
I am reaching out to you to help advertise my study to encourage parents to participate. The Alliant International University Institutional Review Board has approved my study. I am looking for Mexican American and Caucasian parents who have a child diagnosed within the Autism Spectrum between the ages of 3 and 17, who live in California. Parents, who are would like to participate, they will complete a 15-minute questionnaire online and enter for a chance to win one of three prizes, $50 Fandango card, $50 Amazon card or $50 Visa card. By participating in my research study, they will help us understand parent’s experience-seeking resources for their children. I have flyers and a brief explanation, in Spanish and English, of the study. I ask you to distribute them and courage parents to participate in my study. Here is the link ofr the English questionnaire https://alliant.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_0rHNKaZGhNhCXAx. Spanish questionnaire , https://alliant.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_etD6QQMW1CvGPVr.
If you have any questions, please feel free to reach out to me at 619-356-1438.
Thank you,
Elizabeth Sanchez Arvizu
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I would love to help you. ^_^ Just drop me an email martinemussies [at] Gmail when you still need participants. Best of luck with your research!
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Hello!
Is someone aware of if exist a Spanish version of the Motivations for Play in Online item inventory created by Yee (2006)? I found a French version, but not a Spanish one.
Yee, N. (2006). Motivations for play in online games. In Cyberpsychology and Behavior (Vol. 9, pp. 772–775). https://doi.org/10.1089/cpb.2006.9.772
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I finally contact Nick Yee! He told me that it is not available a Spanish version yet, or actually, he is not aware of a Spanish version.
Thank you all!
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My thesis is about Miscommunication in second/foreign language classroom.
For this research, I need to gather data from classroom interaction.
Here are three questionnaires about interaction in the classroom of English/Spanish and Italian as FL/SL. Please could you share them with language students? Your cooperation is highly appreciated. For any question, please do not hesitate to contact me: cristina.gadaleta@hud.ac.uk.
Italian: https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLScRediqYPWzdV2Yj4WqUpGFUxDlZ1Yo6c_3Sq7kCVapXjsHZw/viewform?usp=sf_link Acknowledge: Mugford, G. (2019). Addressing difficult situations in foreign-language learning : confusion, impoliteness, and hostility. New York, NY: Routledge.
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I think miscommunication originally based on the indivual differences among those learners.Some are at a high level of language development mastering all the fundamental skills fully while on the other hand some are so poor and inexperienced concerning the basics of lang.
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Since the beginning of the spread of COVID-19 the Chinese population in Spain has maintained prudential distances for a better prevention of the situation. The respectful behavior of them has not had the same consideration by a part of the Spanish population, some have shown racist behaviors
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Hola,
I think this rejection is regrettable. Chinese people living in Spain are as exposed to the virus as others and are not guilty of the first person affected in their country.
Only with mutual help, solidarity and responsibility will we get out of this pandemic. Encouragement and patience for everyone. Best regards
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The coronavirus crisis is affecting all Spanish companies. The ignorance about the disease is having great impact on the country’s economy  and most of the activities. Economic losses may be greater than those already estimated, but the crisis has just started and we still don't know how long it can last.
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Yes it will affect the Spanish economy. As economies are shutting down their business, it will affect the supply chain. Because we are living in the globalization era it will hit harder.
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In the Romance languages, many syntactic contexts, especially in subordinate clauses, require a subjunctive mood on the verb, not leaving any romm for mood choice. In other contexts, however, there is a choice between subjunctive and indicative depending on the semantics a speaker may want to convey. I'm interested in research on the statistics of these two types. What is the percentage of syntactically triggered vs. modal subjunctive use in Spanish (or other Romance languages)? What are the percentages in the written language as opposed to spontaneous spoken discourse? Is there published research on this? On what criteria could such a statistical analysis be based, given that there is an important intermediate group of cases, where many speakers might already consider the subjunctive obligatory while others might still see some room for variation?
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Apreciado Hans-Ingo:
He leído su pregunta y la propuesta de comunicación al respecto que tienen usted y su colega en Researchgate y me ha parecido muy interesante.
Aunque no se trate de mi especialidad, resulta una cuestión que siempre me ha interesado. Por tanto, más que investigaciones ya hechas, quizá les podría interesar contrastar sus hipótesis con el del CORPES XXI que la RAE tiene en abierto y que permite resultados más seguros y precisos que la simple búsqueda en Google, puesto que sale el lugar y el año. Le pongo aquí el enlace: http://web.frl.es/CORPES/org/publico/pages/consulta/entradaCompleja.view
Puede buscar, por ejemplo, “aunque” o “alegro” - le distinguirán entre “me alegro” y “alegró”, que también es algo importante para la estadísticas de uso que ustedes quieren realizar.
Por otro lado, siendo el teatro el género literario que más “imita” la lengua hablada, igual les interesa el corpus de obras de teatro que tenemos en TEI, escritas entre 1868 y 1936. Tenemos unas veinticinco obras en un corpus abierto: https://github.com/GHEDI/BETTE
También están dentro del Spanish Drama Corpora de DraCor: https://dracor.org/span
No sé si les servirá de algo el contenido de este mensaje, pero no quería dejar de animarles a proseguir con la investigación ya iniciada.
¡Un saludo cordial!
Teresa Santa María
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R0 represents the average number of susceptible individuals an infected person will transmit the disease to.
R0 = Attack rate x Contacts
Attack rate (the percent chance that a contact will get the disease).
If the R0 is < 1, a disease outbreak should wane over time, and if its >1, cases would continue to increase.
Seasonal flu has an R0 of around 1.5. The Spanish influenza of 1918-1919 had an R0 of 2. Chickenpox, a fairly infectious condition, has an R0 of around 5.
To predict the severity of a new disease, we need to look at both the basic reproduction number and the case fatality rate.
The case fatality rate of Spanish flu was reported to be as high as 10%.
Before treatment was available, HIV, with an R0 of around 6 globally, had a near 100% mortality rate. Smallpox, with an R0 of 5, had a mortality rate of 30% in the unvaccinated. Bubonic plague: R0 of 3, untreated mortality rate of 60%.
COVID-19
COVID-19 has R0 of 2.5 and a reported case fatality rate of around 2%.
Case fatality rate is defined as the number of fatal cases divided by the number of total cases.
In COVID-19, fatal cases have probably been assessed accurately; people who are that sick generally end up in hospitals. However, the number of total cases are probably being missed by huge margins, perhaps even an order of magnitude, as asymptomatic and mildly symptomatic people may not be getting tested. If this is the case, the case fatality rate would decrease as screening improves.
How to change the R0 number
One can do that by addressing the two elements inside it: the number of contacts an infected person has and the attack rate of the disease.
Limiting potential contacts can be achieved by means of isolation and quarantine.
Attack rate can reduce with the use of masks, handwashing, and vaccination, as and when a vaccine becomes available.
This depends on identifying cases, and it is still unclear as to whether transmission can occur in the asymptomatic period. The latent period is 5 days.
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Hey,
I have a question concerning the methodology of my research. In my research I intend to discover if flipped classroom can improve the grammatical competence in Spanish. I fail to find a suitable design. Does someone have any suggestions?
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Hey, thanks for your answer.
I have decided to use a quasi-experimental design with the independent variable being Flipped Classroom and the dependent one being grammatical competence (Spanish). I have planned to investigate the effectiveness of FC by comparing two classes (one class will be taught via FC, the other will be taught traditionally). Therefore I have a relatively small sample (40-50 students). I would like to perform a grammar test after the invention as well as observe the students' oral production and compare them.
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Does anyone know of a reliable, validated instrument to measure self-efficacy for speaking an L2, and/or for the sources of self-efficacy for speaking an L2? I'm particularly interested in Spanish.
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Is it recommendable to implement a questionnaire written in another language (for example English) if the participants of the sample have enough level to understand it (let us suppose a minimum of an FCE - CEFR B2 level) although it is not their mother tongue (for example Spanish)?
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In case of qualitative research I would find it acceptable since the alternative would be that the researcher cannot access the original data and it can be expected that information will get lost in translation. In case of quantitative survey, however, I see no problem in translating the questionnaire by a sufficiently qualified translator. However, here, too, care must be taken that the translation conveys the meaning of the questions correctly.
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A very tempting Spanish research, aiming a new lecture of old sources, that still have so much to say, to set up a new references system.
BUT
Unfortunately, by trying to get on their Coursera curse, https://www.coursera.org/learn/burgos-deciphering-secrets-medieval-spain/home/welcome I could see, from the very beginning, how information was oriented the same old Catholic way, but with modern informatics tools and on-line teachings: presenting a map where Castilla was suppose to occupy half Spain ( when all Christian kingdoms together just represent 10% of Spain), with no date indication. I just renounced to that course. Too bad.
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The expansion of the source base and the emergence of new research methods allow us to review many of the findings of previous science. However, humanitarian science is quite conservative and does not easily abandon established assessments and points of view.
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The last release of LiDAR data in Spain was a nice surprise for researchers, because they point clouds that were acquired under the National Plan had also NIR information. As a consequence, each point in the cloud has not only x, y and coordinates but also an specific value of NIR. I would like to know if your countries are doing the same, or at least are planning to incorporate the multispectral data capture at the same time the LiDAR one.
Thanks in advance for your help.
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It looks like more and more LiDAR data sets include intensity from the laser return. Most LiDAR data sets have NIR intensity in the frequency of the LiDAR laser. Not all LiDAR data sets however recalibrate the intensity as a function of distance. That said a better correction to intensity would include angle of incidence and roughness of surface would give a better representation. Good question and would like to know what levels of intensity are available. Here is a paper/talk that may give better insight to NIR intensities:
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what are the reasons people prefer to learn English as foerign language? Why not Spanish or French for example?
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common language in the world more than others language .
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I ´m finishing an article on case study as a convenient method to find the main characteriscs of a public policy. Most literature on methodology I´m using is not in Spanish and when analysing case studies in Mexico I find that most of them have been conducted outside a methodological framework. I need to find examples of case studies that followed a rigurous methogology recommended for case studies. I would be grateful if you could share articles titles and full texts with me. Thanks.
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Thank you, all. Your comments are very pertinent to me. Thanks, Francisco, Fred, Asad and Rosario.
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Now that election results in Spain are known, do you think there will be a change in Spanish policy, and what will be the effect on European countries and the rest of the world.

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I suspect Sanchez intends to rule with a minority cabinet. This works well in Scandinavia, rarely in southern countries.
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So far I have only found Wilson's Fantasy Questionnaire, and Child Identification Scale. Need SONAR, Bumby, etc. Thanks in advance!
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Thank you, Martin! Every bit helps!
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Good afternoon, sir. Is it possible to write a thesis in the first person? I would like to know if the APA guidelines allow it, as sometimes I have read some theses in English written in the first person and other theses (in Spanish) written in the third person.
Thank you very much in advance for your kind attention!
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It depends on the field. My dissertation was ethnographic and, therefore, warranted first person use. APA allows it.
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Hi everyone! We are currently studying the learnability of the english resultative construction by spanish native speakers who learnt english as a foreign language. The resultative construction is of particular interest since it has no equivalent counterpart in spanish, unlike the depictive construction, which is present in both languages. Therefore, we aim to compare the speaker's comprehension of resultative and depictive english sentences, and to analyze the influence of variables such as english proficiency, age of exposure, frequency of use, immersion experience etc.
We have already conducted a pilot study where we assessed sentence comprehension by asking the subjects to choose the sentence that best described the item's meaning, in a multiple choice format. However, we were wondering what would be the best psycholinguistic experimental task to evaluate sentence comprehension. We noted that acceptability judgements of grammatical and ungrammatical sentences are widely used to study syntax structures. Therefore, I wanted to ask psycholinguistic researchers what would be best experimental paradigm to study the comprehension of these structures. In addition: would it be more appropiate to administer different tasks and then compare the results? And what would be the best tasks in that case?
Thank you so much for your kind attention!
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If you are doing a contrastive research on linguistic transfer (English-Spanish), I would recommend typical translation tasks. You will definitely have a large percentage of interference errors, but it is the only (according to my experience) indicator of learnability of structures. I wouldn't go for any communicative-type tasks. Interesting reasearch!
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I am wondering whether the WISC-V - Spanish version has used Latin American children to create their scoring tables or just Spanish children. In other words, are the two sample close enough to be able to use the test in Latin American countries? I would appreciate any information on this.
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You're welcome, Valeria. If I see a similar study in Latin America, I answer again. Good luck!!
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Could anybody advise me about how I should simulate using Digsilent the frequency-active power control of a photovoltaic plant in order to carry out a grid study in the spanish grid?
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Would you please explain if you are using DPL or python for this purpose!
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Dear members of the project,
I'm really interested in joining your project.
I'm an ESL teacher at the Education School at the Catholic University of Valencia and my PhD was on Metadiscourse features in English essays written by Spanish Speakers.
I'm currently working in a national metadiscourse project on the analysis of metadiscourse features in reasearch articles together with Marisa Carrió from the Polytechnic University of Valencia.
My main research interest is analysing metadiscourse interactional features using learners' corpora. I'm be deeply interested in carrying out a contrastive cross-cultural study on the use of interactional metadiscourse features in ESL writers with different L1.
I'm looking forward to receiving your feedabck on my proposal.
Kind regards,
Chiara Tasso
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Dear Chiara Tasso,
This project is for the 2nd Metadiscourse Across Genres Conference to be held by CERLIS research group in Italy in 2019. You are more than welcome to join our conference. If you intend to share your research with the MAG audience, I would like to remind that the deadline for proposal submission is approaching. You can also follow us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/metadiscourseacrossgenres/
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Roman system caused Murex shell to disappear, that way gently wiping out Phoenician's main industry, whose main clients were Romans. It was all about red, that precious vibrant red that marked Roman senators, and all the ones that wanted to look like them. Red as the symbol of power. Now have a look to that very interesting Spanish page, where it's explained that for a single gram of colorant, you needed at least 10.000 live shells. They say the Purple industry stopped in 1495. It's untrue. Murex colorant, due to over exploitation of the shell, had turned too expansive by 6th century. Just by the time Arabs developed a new bright red colorant, surrounded with secrets and alchemy and different names: al-kermes or Kermes or Carmin or Vermillon or Cochineal, the insect. It gave the bright red silks of Granada, the world was dreaming about, like a magical reminding of the Roman's power. That much that after Catholic Conquest of Spain, it was the arabic kermes chosen as the Spanish royal color (that's why Joaquin Cortez didn't brought to Spain the cochineal insect from Mexico). More on Murex shell: http://www.historiayarqueologia.com/2016/10/la-industria-fenicia-de-la-purpura.html
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Kermes was the Arab name for cochineal. It gave later the world carmesi and carmin.
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My name is Alfredo Passos, editor of Revista Inteligência Competitiva http://www.inteligenciacompetitivarev.com.br/ojs/index.php/rev
Since 2011 Revista Inteligencia Competitiva in the leading scientific journal in Brazil.
The scientific committee of RIC would like to publish competitive intelligence articles (in english or spanish) at our journal to promote more knowledge and scientific researchers for Brazilian professionals, teachers and students.
In the knowledge-based economy, economic and technological intelligence is a vital component of competitive research and innovation strategies.
More information email: apassos@outlook.com
All the best,
Alfredo Passos, PhD Professor
Editor, Revista Inteligência Competitiva
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I am interested professor
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Which approach is the more recommended approach in calculate EQ5D values for patients in different country in a normal study (no cost analysis or comparative study between countries)? I want to evaluate treatment effect on PRO of 2 treatments, which occurs in all participating centers.
A) Transform EQ5D response via one general value set (e.g. US population OR European population)
B) Transform each EQ5D response via country-specific value set (e.g. Spanish and Portuguese patients will use the Spanish value set, Japanese patients use the Japanese value set, German patients use the German value set and African patients use the Zimbabwe value set and so on...)
Thanks in advance
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The answers to the EQ5D survey can be translated into health utility values (HUV). HUVs are the unit of Quality Adjusted Life Years (QALY), which is the unit of measurement used in cost utility analyses. The accuracy of the EQ5D representing HUVs is entirely dependent on the population that the particular version of the survey was validated on. Hopefully that helps.
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That toxic micro-alga is alarmingly developing in Western Mediterraneo and had been spotted in the bay of Napoles and the bay of Palma and erratic behaviour had been observed in merus fishes in Kabylia. This report from FAO in spanish evoques supercontainers boats washing their ballasts on high sea, that way bringing in the toxic micro-alga. There's only 3 entrances to Mediterraneo sea. How comes they are not severely monitored, f.e. forcing supercontainers to integrate a chip within their ballasts, controlling level changes? http://www.fao.org/3/a-y5486s.pdf
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By now, it seems not to resist winter in Mediterraneo. But it's concerning. This micro-alga only develops in the sea. What exactly do spray Japanese and Korean? Into the ocean?
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I did not replicate the three dimensional wisdom structure with Chinese adults as well. See my dissertation "Measurement of Wisdom Among Chinese" .
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As Albert Einstein puts it, " Wisdom is not a product of schooling but of the lifelong attempt to acquire it.” Based on Charles Sanders Peirce's view of the wheel of knowledge, personal wisdom begins from the birth and continues until death. Instinctively, from the time we are born we interact with the environment and develop our experiences and acquire the most essential habits for pursuing a natural, happy life. Therefore, it can be stated that personal wisdom develops in time simply because as we grow older, time will teach us all the things we need.
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I am in need of a questionnaire auto-administered by parents to assess the physical activity of Spanish children aged 4-8yo and I cannot find one. Therefore, the idea would be to adapt an already existing one to the population I want to investigate (4 to 8yo children) and adapted to the logistic of the study (questionnaire auto-administered to the parents). I found 2 questionnaires assessing PA on a 7 day period: the PAQ-c and the APALQ questionnaires although both are for an age range 8 to 18yo and auto-administered by the child, can I adapt it for the purpose of my study? Do I have to make any validation of it?
Thank you very much,
Charlotte
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If you modify the questionnaire, you need to validate it, if the purpose of the study is to validate the questionnaire then you can do a pilot and then final version for validation.
If the purpose of the study is not validation, you could go for a small validation of the questionnaire. However, you need to keep in mind that the psychometric properties of the original questionnaire could vary if you introduce modifications.