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Spain - Science topic

Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.
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I did a cross-cultural study between Spain and Chile. The reviewers ask me to justify this selection. How would you do to justify it?
Thank you very much
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All depends on the purpose of the study. However, just because you have access to data from that country is also a valid justification, in some cases.
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I propose the discussion of two important aspects for carrying out research based on an INTEGRATIVE Mixed Methodology (MM) design in socio-educational research.
According to a systematic review of the literature that my research team conducted (Bagur et al., 2021), we were able to observe the current duality of CUANTI and CUALI approaches.
Furthermore, we concluded that most of the research that claims to make use of MM does not actually use continuous links of both methodologies throughout the research process, and therefore does not make use of INTEGRATION.
All of this leads to the present discussion of MM research design, as I would like to go deeper into these aspects and, to a greater extent, to get to know the current positions.
Thank you for your contributions.
Sara Bagur.
Department of Applied Pedagogy and Educational Psychology.
University of the Balearic Islands
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I support mixed methodology in Educational research. Could you elaborate on your idea of integration with practical examples? Many thanks
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In close partnership with Sequentia Biotech (Barcelona, Spain) we are searching out for highly-competitive research companies or University research groups involved in bacterial engineering for the development of new therapeutic probiotics to collaborate with us for an international UE-based project platform. For details, interested researchers/groups can contact me and/or Dr. Walter Sanseverino for details.
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Sorrry,,,,
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Dear all,
A lots of people died for COVID-19 disease. I am eager to to how many doctors died in Asian and other selective countries???
Please tell here your valuable information please.
Thank you all
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At least 1,492 doctors have died since the COVID-19 pandemic hit India in 2020.
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Hi, I'm looking for chemical monitoring databases for soil, groundwater, sediment, drinking water, air and surface water in Spain. It seems that there are many federal and regional government and institutional sources that might be relevant but there are so many of them I don't know where to begin searching. Is there anybody out there familiar with Spain that can point me in the right direction?
Thanks
David
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Dr David, hope this help you at least a little!
I have already read the following reference in Spain :1- Most important environmental issues in Spain 2020
Published by Lucía Fernández, Oct 19, 2021, address site : https://www.statista.com/statistics/867204/spain-most-important-environmental-issues/
2- If you're eager to know about recent years :
Spanish Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment
National Plan for Air Quality and Atmosphere Protection 2013‐ 2016
National Integrated Plan of Waste (PNIR 2008‐2015)
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Dear all,
we are preparing a multibeam survey on the Canary Islands and ask ourselves which GPS RTK service would allow for smooth operation near the south coast of Lanzarote. Fugro marine star is not accurate enough, we need a "real" RTK service providing positions in the centimeter accuracy level. Most preferentially we would like to catch the signals via mobile internet near the coastline via NTRIP. We would highly appreciate recommendations or shared experience for canary island surveying ;)
best regards Jens
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Dear all, the issue has been solved. We use online RTK via Ntrip from a local GPS reference stations nearby. The corresponding service is hosted by http://www.grafcan.es/ and a yearly subscription cost 200€ for our academic surveying. The GPS accuracies we obtained ranged between 3 and 5 centimeters and highly improved our MBES measurents
Many thanks and
best regards
Jens
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This is one of the sea slugs to emerge in my aquarium and I am lead to believe it belongs to the superfamily, fionoidea. Would love more expert opinion. Substrate collected from tidal pools and the intertidal zone. It grew to about 1.5cm.
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It could be Favorinus branchialis, although photographs are not so clear. Did you find any egg spawn in the sample you collected?
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My name is Julia Niedzwiecka, and I am a graduate marketing student at the University of Colorado. I am reaching out to anyone with a background in studying alcohol consumption habits in Spain for a research project. I will just need to ask a few questions over email over the next few months. If you, or anybody you know is interested in assisting me, please reach out. Thank you!
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Hi julia , I'm really soory I can't help this question . I wish you success.
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I'm writing from Canary Islands (Spain) and and I am not able to find a distributor. Any help is welcome!
Javier Donate-Correa
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I am sorry to say that the previous answer is slightly incorrect: Thermo and Lonza do not distribute MIN6, they just mention it in the context of their transfectant data and databases. See the relevant links in the Cellosaurus entry:
As you can see in that entry, in the Cell collection section, there are three known distributors for this cell line.
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This is an openzmeter capturing the voltage of my house (Almería - Spain). It should be 230V - 50Hz with a more or less sinusoidal wave, but instead, I have a lot of PQ events like in the photo attached. What is happening in the grid??
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Mystery solved. The problem was caused by the meter itself. A new update on a processing thread was responsible for the malfunctioning. Thanks anyway for your valuable help and ideas.
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I am a research in Andalussian School of publc health (SPAIN) and I coordinate a project to pilot a intervention for prevention of musculoskeletal disorders at the workplace focus in care health professional older than 45.
I would like contact with you for a possible colaboration
Best regards
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Please have look on our(Eminent Biosciences (EMBS)) collaborations.. and let me know if interested to associate with us
Our recent publications In collaborations with industries and academia in India and world wide.
EMBS publication In association with Universidad Tecnológica Metropolitana, Santiago, Chile. Publication Link: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33397265/
EMBS publication In association with Moscow State University , Russia. Publication Link: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32967475/
EMBS publication In association with Icahn Institute of Genomics and Multiscale Biology,, Mount Sinai Health System, Manhattan, NY, USA. Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29199918
EMBS publication In association with University of Missouri, St. Louis, MO, USA. Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30457050
EMBS publication In association with Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, USA. Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27852211
EMBS publication In association with ICMR- NIN(National Institute of Nutrition), Hyderabad Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23030611
EMBS publication In association with University of Minnesota Duluth, Duluth MN 55811 USA. Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27852211
EMBS publication In association with University of Yaounde I, PO Box 812, Yaoundé, Cameroon. Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30950335
EMBS publication In association with Federal University of Paraíba, João Pessoa, PB, Brazil. Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30693065
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon. Publication Link: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31210847/
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, 48080, Leioa, Spain. Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27852204
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Publication Link: http://www.eurekaselect.com/135585
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and NIPER , Hyderabad, India. Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29053759
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and Alagappa University, Tamil Nadu, India. Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30950335
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad , India. Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28472910
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and C.S.I.R – CRISAT, Karaikudi, Tamil Nadu, India. Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30237676
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and Karpagam academy of higher education, Eachinary, Coimbatore , Tamil Nadu, India. Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30237672
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and Ballets Olaeta Kalea, 4, 48014 Bilbao, Bizkaia, Spain. Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29199918
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and Hospital for Genetic Diseases, Osmania University, Hyderabad - 500 016, Telangana, India. Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28472910
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and School of Ocean Science and Technology, Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies, Panangad-682 506, Cochin, India. Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27964704
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and CODEWEL Nireekshana-ACET, Hyderabad, Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26770024
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and Bharathiyar University, Coimbatore-641046, Tamilnadu, India. Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27919211
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and LPU University, Phagwara, Punjab, India. Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31030499
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and Department of Bioinformatics, Kerala University, Kerala. Publication Link: http://www.eurekaselect.com/135585
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and Gandhi Medical College and Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad 500 038, India. Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27450915
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and National College (Affiliated to Bharathidasan University), Tiruchirapalli, 620 001 Tamil Nadu, India. Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27266485
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and University of Calicut - 673635, Kerala, India. Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23030611
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and NIPER, Hyderabad, India. ) Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29053759
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and King George's Medical University, (Erstwhile C.S.M. Medical University), Lucknow-226 003, India. Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25579575
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and School of Chemical & Biotechnology, SASTRA University, Thanjavur, India Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25579569
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and Safi center for scientific research, Malappuram, Kerala, India. Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30237672
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and Dept of Genetics, Osmania University, Hyderabad Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25248957
EMBS publication In association with Institute of Genetics and Hospital for Genetic Diseases, Osmania University, Hyderabad Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26229292
Sincerely,
Dr. Anuraj Nayarisseri
Principal Scientist & Director,
Eminent Biosciences.
Mob :+91 97522 95342
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More and more researchers are worried about the rumours regarding the possibility of a general exclusion of articles published in MDPI journals to assess research careers. Is this happening in your country? In Spain, the discussion is already being held by several commissions in charge of assessing researchers' productivity and Cvs.
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Although I do not have particularly sympathies toward MDPI (where I have not published an article so far and never will), it would seem relatively unfair to me to single them out, when other open access publishers (like Frontiers) have practices that are not very different, not to mention the biggies like Elsevier, Springer, Wiley, etc....
What we should do instead is to re-evaluate entirely the scholarly publishing business, which to me seems to have taken a wrong turn many years ago, when commercial publishers started publishing for profit the kind of journals that sholarly societies used to publish until then. We, the researchers, did not see clearly at that point that the end result of this transition would amount to us working for free (as editors in some cases, as associate editors most often, and as reviewers definitely) to make available to them a material on which they can then put their copyright, and to which they restrict access, unless we pay large amounts of money, which goes almost all in the pocket of their investors. In a nutshell, we the researchers are helping stockholders of big publishing houses to appropriate public money to get even richer, against a minute amount of work on their part. The situation has gotten worse with the advent of open access journals (some of which charge as much as $9500 per article!!!).
I think that it is time we change course in this area. We need to take back control on the publishing of our own work, and we need to stop wasting the (woefully) little money the public is giving us to do research. If universities and research centres had any vision in the matter, they would launch their own not-for-profit journals, or encourage the editorial board of existing journals to switch to not-for-profit mode, and in so doing avoid a lot of the waste of financial resources. In the mean time, I personally plan to submit manuscripts only to non-profit journals or at least to ones that are associated with, and contribute financially to, scholarly societies.
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I am preparing a 5-7 hour-course about psychobiography and I would like to know how others train students in this field. Here in Spain it is unknown so I will be the one introducing the method.
My students will be studying a postgraduate level in health and clinical Psychology.
Any advice?
Thank you!
Abigail
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You could review, here in "RG": "MANUAL DE CONFECCIÓN DE PSICOBIOGRAFIA DE PACIENTES CON TRASTORNOS PSIQUIÁTRICOS" ( MANUAL FOR THE PREPARATION OF PSYCHOBIOGRAPHY OF PATIENTS WITH PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS", by Jaime Arias Congrains
Also in "El rincón del loquero": Psychobigraphy
Ditto in "Psiquiatría.com"
Although, there are many (or we are) Authors, which is, in synthesis, a form or subtype of Anamnesis
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I am going to start research on people conceived through gamete donors and / or surrogacy. The study will be carried out in Spain. Could you recommend a bibliography of studies carried out in other countries or ideas on how to approach the subject? Thanks in advance
En español:
Voy a comenzar una investigación sobre personas concebidas mediante donantes de gametos y/o gestación subrogada. El estudio se realizará en España. ¿Podríais recomendarme bibliografía de estudios realizados en otros países o ideas sobre cómo enfocar el tema? Gracias por anticipado
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Does anyone know how to get a copy of the following article?
"Donor conception: How demographics and disclosure experiences impact donor-conceived adults’ motivations for seeking information about, and contact with, sperm donors. "
April 2021Reproductive Biomedicine Online.
Caitlin Macmillan, Sonia Allan, Melissa Johnstone and Mark Stokes
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Dear Colleagues in Galicia and Asturias.
For a study on Roman storehouses in SW Germany I need photographs of buildings called hórreo in NW Spain. Could anybody so nice to help me and send me some ?
Here is my adress: helmut-neumaier@t-online.de
Zhanky you in advance
Kindly
Joachim Neumaier
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Those constructions also exist in North Portugal and are called "espigueiros", "canastros", "caniços", and "hôrreos". If you can read in Portuguese, access this paper: https://books.openedition.org/etnograficapress/6642?lang=en
You can view reproductions of the Lindoso "espigueiros" in North Portugal in this following blog in French: http://chaniers-portugal.over-blog.com/album-2080977.html
The most important research is by OLIVEIRA, Ernesto Veiga de; DIAS, Jorge & GALHANO, Fernando. Espigueiros Portugueses. Lisboa: Dom Quixote, 1994.
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Lahore Journal of Policy Studies
Special Issue on Covid-19
Call for Papers
Dear Sir/Madam
We intend to take out the next issue of the Lahore Journal of Policy Studies on Covid-19. The novel Coronavirus has come as a major calamity out of the blue leading to a sudden economic halt across the world. There had been other pandemics earlier but the response was never so severe, widespread and universal. The Third World acted largely on the basis of scientific predictions and policies originating in Developed Countries without any policy based on locally grounded scientific/medical knowledge. With the high death rate reported from Italy and Spain followed in a couple of months by even higher deaths in US and UK the world was terrorized. The fast pace of statistics did not allow for a cool headed debate and reflection nor did people have any facts on which to develop some degree of understanding and make an opinion. Except for a few critical special publications, the media has been more interested in statistical reporting than any critical analyses. With the passage of time many riddles and paradoxes, have come to the fore and call for reflection. There is need to explore these riddles and paradoxes because many revelations are likely to come out of these. For instance,
· Why have there been far more deaths in the prosperous and highly developed countries of US and Britain than in the countries of the Third World
· Why have there been far more deaths in the urban areas which have more awareness and healthcare facilities compared to the backward rural areas
· Is the pandemic primarily a medical issue to be dealt with by doctors or a socioecological issue to be dealt with through political debate and policy
· What has been our experience of pandemics in the past. In India whether it was bubonic plague, Spanish flu or smallpox, in each instance the epidemic continued for many decades. What communities and what geographies were affected. What conditions brought the disease under control
· What was the role of vaccines in ending the pandemics
· What was the relation of poverty to the number of deaths and why? Was it because of hygiene or was it because of food and healthcare
· What is the relationship between our economic goals of productivity and development and the onset of disease
· Industrial agriculture including deforestation, monocultures, genetic selection and animal feed lots have greatly increased production. What is its relationship with the pandemics
· The growth of giant cities in the Third World has created new environment for the spread of disease. Why has this aspect not been highlighted in the coronavirus debate
· What is the role of globalization of commodity production, services and people in the generation and spread of pandemics
· Where has this virus come from? Has the frequency of deadly viruses like Ebola, MERS, SARS, Corona, H1N1 increased in the past few decades? Is there any common process of generation between them
· How has the pandemic changed the ecologies of work such as education, commerce, health, entertainment and hospitality
· The impact of the lockdowns on gender inequality
You may choose a topic or write generally about the impact and origin of the disease.
Submission of abstracts 31st August 2020
Submission of final papers 31st October 2020
Whatever contributions we receive by the end of October 2020 will pass through a process of refereeing before they are accepted.
Please mail queries and abstracts to rabianadir@gmail.com
Rabia Nadir
Editor, Special Issue
Lahore Journal of Policy Studies
Note: The Lahore Journal of Policy Studies is a refereed journal. The journal has a broad scope, covering national, regional and international political, economic, social and cultural issues of immediate relevance to public policy. It aims to be a forum for significant new ideas and seeks to challenge thinkers and intellectuals to policy debate. It is neither a journalistic magazine nor an overly technical one. Rather, it is a scholarly journal containing provocative, thoughtful, but well-researched writings with an educated and discerning readership in mind. It seeks originality and rigour of argument. The selection of papers will be based on topicality, originality, clarity, the extent to which they advance knowledge, understanding and application and their likely contribution towards inspiring further development, research and debate.
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is it under Scopus index?
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I conducted an SDS PAGE electrophoresis on wheat wild varieties to separate their glutenins and measure the genetic diversity of my sample. I only ran one electrophoresis. Can a genetic drift explain this low value ? The samples of T. monococcum I used are from different geographical origins and the heterozygosity found is still very low compared to other studies like the
Alvarez et al, in 2006 where they analysed 22 samples all originated from a small area in Spain ( He=0.252). How can I explain it ?
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Thank you so much ! Mauro Santos
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1st Euro International Multidisciplinary Conference on Technology, Engineering, Management, Education and Social Sciences EIMCTEMESS'21 12-16 November, 2021 Madrid, Spain.
I want to know whether this is a genuine link or fake.
I am invited by them as a speaker.
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As said by Rodney Duffett be careful with this one. Looking at their site: https://www.eimctemess.org/index.html I see (when scrolling down) a lot of suspicious (known as misleading metrics: ) logo’s like CiteFactor, DRJI and meaningless ones like DOAJ and Elsevier (I mean meaningless in the sense why are they added. Are they linked to Elsevier? Member of DOAJ? I don’t think so).
Still, it might be a good initiative. I suggest you contact Prof. Juan Arias Masa (Chair), according to their site he is a member of the organizing committee. He is here on RG and it might be a good idea to ask him about this. If he is aware of this and is willing to link his name to this it might be a legit organization.
Best regards.
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I am currently working on my thesis about: the growth of independent movement in europe in the 21 century and how this affects to the UE
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Sí, estoy totalmente de acuerdo con Syed Hassan: los nacionalismos están llevando Europa hacia atrás!! Son claramente una rémora del pasado, y encierran fuertes peligros de supremacismo, discriminación, comportamientos excluyentes...
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Hi, my name is Sarah-Therese Mann and I am a Master's student at the UIB in Spain. I am conducting a study about eye-witness memory and language. Therefore I am looking for native speakers of English and German. Are here any participants? It would not take long and I would appreciate your help!
Here is the survey for English native speakers:
Here is the survey for German native speakers:
If you have any more questions, do not hesitate to contact me!
Thank you.
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I loved the survey, Sarah. It is enigmatic, engaging and I think it works great because It is difficult to guess what the research intention is. Or is it really about visual memory?
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What is intended with this question is not only to answer it with a simple argument, but everything to the contrary. Contribute everything we know about immigration, positive and negative aspects that influence our society.
Spain is a country where immigration in recent decades has increased considerably. This is due to the territorial position of the country. It is not only due to this space, but also to the standard of living that we have in Spain compared to other countries.
I have to say that many Spanish citizens have found themselves in the situation of having to emigrate to other countries in search of economic and labor survival, so we can say that immigration to other countries is potentiated in the labor aspect.
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Views on immigration vary here in the U.S. While the negative coverage during the Trump administration paints an anti-immigrant picture that can be misleading. Immigration views vary widely and the U.S. is almost too large to pinpoint a single unifying trend. There are factors that impact that view here. As an example, urban areas tend to be more pro-immigration while rural areas are anti-immigration. Political affiliation also has an impact. On the right in the Republican Party the view is anti-immigrant but in the middle of the political spectrum there are Republicans and moderate Democrats who support immigration on based on different scenarios. As you move to the left in the Democratic Party the trend becomes much more pro immigration. Socioeconomic status and race also heavily influence the debate. The debate generally comes down to 1) They are taking our jobs and resources--which is generally not true and 2)They are not like us--which in some ways is true. Right now, due to COVID19 and National Security issues there is a strong bias against China. In the past it has been Catholics, Muslims, Eastern-Europeans, and Hispanics. Even though some of these have diminished for certain groups, you can still find echoes of this past in how communities react to non-native populations.
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Spain has a large flow of immigrants from Africa due to its proximity. Most arrive in small boats. How can we improve their situation when they arrive to the Spanish coasts?
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The economic situation of most African countries is very precarious due to centuries of exploitation by their former colonizing countries, most of which are European, to the existence of governments with disastrous economic management and the benefit of the large transnationals and that have not sought to raise the standard of living of their citizens but to remain in power at all costs. To adequately attend to African immigrants who arrive irregularly on the Spanish coasts, the following measures, among others, must be implemented:
1- Have facilities with adequate conditions to attend to immigrants who arrive on the Spanish coasts, including the corresponding medical-sanitary facilities.
2- Offer the necessary legal advice so that immigrants can know their rights and obligations according to the Spanish legal system and decide what the next steps to take and their consequences.
3- Facilitate the return to their country to all those immigrants who do not comply with the legal requirements to stay in the country or if that is their wish once they know their rights and the current laws on immigration.
4- Immigrants who are accepted should be relocated to reception centers located in different regions to train them in learning the Spanish language, know the working conditions they would face, job availability according to their experience and technical-professional profession, characteristics of life in Spanish society, the main laws in force, among other issues that allow them to rejoin the labor and social life of the country in the most beneficial way possible.
5-Once they found a suitable job, the immigrants would leave the reception centers to start an independent life. Those who do not get it within a certain period will be given all the facilities for their return to their country of origin to have the necessary space to serve new immigrants who meet the legal requirements to stay in the country.
However, the most important help to reduce the number of African immigrants is to provide the resources to improve the living conditions in many African countries, create jobs, improve the medical and educational system, and achieve that goal.
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Hi, I am a  final year student at the Universidad Complutense de Madrid ( Spain), doing my final thesis about the working-life conditions in the Nordic Countries.  
Especially, I am researching about the different types of statutory entitlement to leave. However, I haven´t found in any nordic country legislation about days off work to enjoy the honeymoon after marriage. 
I was wondering if you could know or even pointing me out in the direction of someone with knowledge in those Nordic labour law questions. It would be extremely appreciated. 
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very good question
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The problem of the concept of INVASIVE EXOTIC SPECIES is in those species considered as such, which either do not have an invasive growth and propagation behaviour, or they are so naturalized and so adapted to the environment that they are already part of it, due to the very long time they have been in the place since they were imported.
This is the case of the prickly pear (Opuntia sp.) In Spain, and in this article (see attached document*), we reveal the entire historical plot of the prickly pear since 9000 BC. up to the present time, involving the Spanish monarchy, the voyages and discoveries of Colon, and the search for resources.
Opuntia ficus-indica is living in Spain for more than 500 years, do we still considering this plant as an INVASIVE one?
UPDATE:
In Cuernavaca (México) where I live for 6 months, Nopalitos (Opuntia blades) are eaten as "alambres con queso", and are AWESOME. In Spain there is no tradition on eating nopalitos, but for 500 years Opuntia plants have been important as: (i) fruit harvesting (prickly pear fruit), (ii) demarcating fields and livestock properties, (iii) farm animal feed, and (iv) ornamental. But nowadays Opuntia plants are dying due to an insect plague.
The problem is on Dactylopius coccus, a plant-parasitic hemiptera insect whose host is prickly pear cactus (Opuntia). It is also known as grana cochinilla, cochinilla grana, nocheztli (or simply cochinilla). As an ancient Mexican tradition (see attached picture), the red-coloured carmine extracted from the females of the species has been used as a fabric dye for centuries, and even today as a colouring agent in cosmetics such as lipsticks or as a food additive (E-120). The Spanish conquistadors brought it to Spain to cultivate this cochineal but it did not work then, and now, 500 years later and taking advantage of climate change, the cochineal has found its perfect environment to survive and is destroying our prickly pears, but the institutions cannot do anything because it is still considered an INVASIVE NON-NATIVE PLANT.
* Is written in spanish
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Invasive species can cause great economic and environmental harm to the new area. Not all non-native species are invasive. For example, most of the food crops grown in the United States, including popular varieties of wheat, tomatoes, and rice, are not native to the region.
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I am reviewing the origin of the exotic species in the Iberian Peninsula of Rattus and Mus and found no information about the first entry of the species of Rattus in Spain and Portugal.
Any help will be most useful.
Thank you, Gloria
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Rattus rattus: the introduction of the black rat into Britain | Antiquity | Cambridge Core
Hello Gloria,
Fun to look into this for you, for Rattus rattus in the UK we're talking circa 10-11th centuries about the same time as the crusades. Archaeological digs of Roman sites suggest a range between the most likely earlier in mainland Europe.
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The collapse of the British currency since the campaign for the Referendum on the Exit from the European Union, in 2015, when it was exchanged as 1GBP for 1.43 euro at its peak value then, has happened, with 1GBP buying roughly 1 euro now, after the failure of the UK to find an agreement with the EU [1].
Is it not an ideal time for the UK to join the euro-zone?
Were it to do this, it would clean its slate at once, rejoining the EU, and escaping the irrevocable recession if not depression the Bank of England says it is doomed to face with BREXIT, further aggravated by the Economic Crisis caused by Covid19, and job losses yet accelerating.
Were it do do this, it would join the "Recovery Package" opportunity and commitment, a New Deal of Europe of a magnitude not seen since the USA's New Deal of President Roosevelt.
Will the UK instead enter an era of splendid isolation and slow descent from among the Top Economies, as Spain centuries ago, when it was caught in the illusion of America's gold [2], and stopped developing its economic activities in new sectors?
Will we observe "retro-colonisation" of UK by:
-India (see Tata owner of Jaguar Landrover, the brand of cars which Her Majesty the Queen used to drive on her estates),
-China (nuclear investment in power production, jointly with French investors)?
-others? Russian investment in London real estate is significant, e.g....
Which economic scenarios do you envisage for the GBP and the British Economy?
A bright future, which has been promised, or an era of hardship as the post-World-War2-UK ?
References
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Edward, thanks for this input. Is it what you genuinely believe or an official statement required to be politically correct?
Brexit is about control:
-border and anti-immigration measures
*students charged 21 000 GBP/year not allowed to work afterwards, they go elsewhere
*trained health professionals who staffed 30% of medically qualified positions, not coming any more. Health sector understaffed
*business innovators (like Marks, Polish cofounder of M&S) or technology domain creators (like Marconi, Italian, who gave UK a headstart in radiocommunication lasting to this day with 5G) would go to Berlin in 2021
-currency control
Germany has successfully re-unified, giving up its Deutsche Mark, joining euro, helping Greece restart
The EU has a strong relaunch package for all its members
The Bank of England controls the currency of an island... Cup of tea?
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It is known that Spain shows a low level of use of English. But why?
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Learning an additional language is a challenging task and an intriguing topic at the same time. Investigating ESL/EFL has resulted in a huge volume of research now available. For the last three decades or so, L2 learning has sparked debate among researchers and linguists. I think you may need to specify whether you need to investigate challenges facing learners of a foreign language (input), or the outcome of their effort to master it (Interlanguage). In both cases, research findings are available. Some studies have focused on the learners (motivation, perceptions, anxiety, etc..)some on the learners' L1 (transfer), others on the instructional methods/curriculum, as well as mastering the four skills. Of course, all these and other issues are always investigated in relation to a specific theoretical framework. I would humbly suggest you have a look at some reading like "Understanding second language acquisition" by Rod Ellis; " An introduction to second language acquisition research" by Diane Larsen-Freeman & Micheal H. Long; "Second language classrooms" by Craig Chaudron. Please do have a look at the following works:
1. Facing the challenges of learning English as a foreign language in Israel: in response to Ganschow, Sparks and Schneider by Janina Kahn-Horwitz, Naomi Roffman, Tova Gerta Teitelbaum
2. Commentary on ‘Facing the challenges of learning English as a foreign language in Israel: in response to Ganschow, Sparks and Schneider’ by Leonore Ganschow, Richard Sparks, Elke Schneider
3. Success in learning English as a foreign language as a predictor of computer anxiety by Mehrak Rahimi, Samaneh Yadollahi
4. Attitude towards EFL textbooks as a predictor of attitude towards learning English as a foreign language by Mehrak Rahimi, Masoumeh Hassani
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The economic success of north Italian city states was accompanied by great art, which continued or functioned alongside a wealthy Catholic Church. The equal success experienced in the United Provinces (Netherlands) in the 17th century based on independence from the great powers of Spain and France and an early eastern empire, produced some of the greatest art and artists that have ever lived. Is economic success necessary for great art?
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Clueless, Stanley.
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Hello,
I know they do exist (Beck, Hubrich and Marcellino, 2009), so if you were working with data on annual regional cpi/ inflation data for Germany, Spain, UK or Italy - please provide a link, attach a file, etc. My dataset starts in 2003.
Thanks!
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Hello friends,
Not long ago, in the southeast of the Region of Murcia (Spain), windmills were used to lift water from the ground and use it for irrigation.
Do you know other examples in Mediterranean countries? I am not interested in countries with flour mills, only those used to capture water.
Thank you very much for your help
Regards.
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The pumping windmills are very common in South Portugal, namely in regions of Montijo, Setubal, West Alentejo, and Algarve. Some are still in use. Although Portugal is not a Mediterranean country, geography defines South Portugal as a Mediterranean region by climate and vegetation
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The new Education Act (LOMLOE) that is now being prepared in Spain intends to make Mathematics an optional subject. The Mathematics Institute has issued a manifest that argues about the importance of Mathematics in society, and in favour of keeping Mathematics as a compulsory subject in high school. If you agree with this, please sign the manifest at the link below (the manifest is in Spanish; I don't remember if there is an English version):
There is also a petition at change.org:
Thank you very much in advance.
Hebert
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This link talk about:
What arguments can I give a high school student why mathematics is important?
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Dear collegues,
Recently, a special issue of Remote Sensing, entitled “Ornamental Trees Mapping and Airborne Pollen Modelling in Urban Areas Based on GIS and Remote Sensing Techniques”, has been launched.
We would be very grateful if you would consider contributing with a letter, a full paper, or perhaps a review. The first 5 submissions to this special issue will be granted with a 30% discount.
Remote Sensing (ISSN 2072-4292) is a peer-reviewed open access journal about the science and application of remote sensing technology, and is published semi-monthly online by MDPI. All submissions will be subject to peer review.
More information about the Special Issue can be found here:
For information on manuscript preparation and related matters, please see the instructions for authors:
Although the deadline for submission of manuscripts (to the Special Issue) is 31 December 2021, I would appreciate hearing from you in the next few weeks whether you would be willing to submit a contribution.
Thanks for your time. Look forward to your reply!
Best regards,
Guest Editors:
Dr. Jose María Maya Manzano
Center of Allergy and Environment (ZAUM), Technical University Munich, 80802 Munich, Germany
Dr. Jose Antonio Oteros Moreno
Botany, Ecology and Vegetal physiology department, University of Córdoba, Córdoba 14071, Spain
Dr. Jesús Rojo Úbeda
Institute of Environmental Sciences, University of Castilla-La Mancha, E–45071 Toledo, Spain
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This is a welcome development. Thank you for sharing. Application of Geo-spatial techniques in the ornamental tree mapping is a novel research.
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In federal or descentralized countries with great regional diversity, such as Brazil, India, Mexico, Russia, South Africa, Spain, and others, should foreign service recruitment policy applies domestic regional representation when choosing new diplomats? If the answer is yes, why? What kind of benefits a regional, state, provincial representation can bring to the country's foreign policy? Does it garantee a domestic equal vision and practice on how the state will or could act in foreign policy?
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I do not know of any country that recognizes regional representation in the foreign service, or in general in the federal public administration.
However, the appointments of ambassadors, when ratified by the Senate, in cases such as the German, that its Federal Council is made up of representatives of the states and has the duty to represent them, we can guarantee that this ratification, the states are represented.
Similarly, Germany includes the Länders in the approval of international treaties that impact them, such as the Maastricht Treaty.
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A Spanish study has cast doubt on the feasibility of herd immunity as a way of tackling the coronavirus pandemic.
The study of more than 60,000 people estimates that around just 5% of the Spanish population has developed antibodies, the medical journal the Lancet reported.
Herd immunity is achieved when enough people become infected with a virus to stop its spread.
Around 70% to 90% of a population needs to be immune to protect the uninfected.
The prevalence of Covid-19 antibodies was below 3% in coastal regions, but higher in areas of Spain with widespread outbreaks, the report said.
"Despite the high impact of Covid-19 in Spain, prevalence estimates remain low and are clearly insufficient to provide herd immunity," the study's authors said in the report.
"In this situation, social distance measures and efforts to identify and isolate new cases and their contacts are imperative for future epidemic control."
The study is thought to be the largest of its kind on the coronavirus in Europe.
Source: BBC
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Dear Dr. Alam!
You spotted a major point! Based on the available evidence one cannot trust herd immunity protection against COVID-19:
1) Lucy, C. Okell, et al. (2020)." Have deaths from COVID-19 in Europe plateaued due to herd immunity?" THE LACENT Vol. 395, Issue 10241, June 2020 © 2020 Elsevier Ltd., Available at:
2) Laura Gallagher (2020). "Declines in COVID-19 cases not due to herd immunity, says analysis" 12 Jubn 2020, Article text (excluding photos or graphics) © Imperial College London. Available at: https://www.imperial.ac.uk/news/198238/declines-covid-19-cases-herd-immunity-says/
3) Ewen Callaway, Heidi Ledford & Smriti Mallapaty (2020). "Six months of coronavirus: the mysteries scientists are still racing to solve - From immunity to the role of genetics, Nature looks at five pressing questions about COVID-19 that researchers are tackling." 03 July 2020, Nature 583, 178-179 (2020) Citation: "What’s the nature of immunity and how long does it last?...." , © 2020 Springer Nature Limited, Available at:
It has been confirmed that this virus easily mutates, but it is not known how it would affect immunity: "A spate of studies have suggested that this mutation makes the SARS-CoV-2 virus more infectious to cultured cells, but it is not clear how this property translates to infections in humans." Reference: Ewen Callaway, Heidi Ledford & Smriti Mallapaty (2020). "Six months of coronavirus: the mysteries scientists are still racing to solve ...please see the link 3) above.
Still sooner or later a major mutation may well lead to new symptoms of and need for novel treatment against COVID-19. One can conclude that aiming at reaching appropriate herd immunity level might not be an efficient method to fight COVID-19. Your sincerely, Bulcsu Szekely
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I am interested in different tools that have been implemented in real practice for measuring patient experience (not patient satisfaction), for instance in Spain a questionnaire called IEXPAC is widely used:
Any other options?
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Today I found this article. It may also help you.
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In a teaching world, which is becoming unpredictable right now, how can we use technology without losing our teaching capacity? what in Spain is called not falling into technocracies and being more managers than mechanics
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For next academic year, more likely there will be a mix of online-only and hybrid teaching methods.
The hybrid approach includes both online and face-to face to different ratios for the delivery of contents.
However, if things get really bad because of Covid-19 health crisis, then faculty and students can switch completely to the online-only method of delivery.
Best regards
Prof. Dr. Mazin A. M. Al Janabi
Full Professor of Finance & Banking and Financial Engineering
EGADE Business School, Tecnologico de Monterrey,
Santa Fe Campus, Mexico City, Mexico.
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As of June 1, 2020, the highest number of COVID-19 fatalities are in America 112,000, Brazil 36,500, United Kingdom 40,550, Spain 27,000, Italy 34,000, France 29,155, and Mexico 13,000.
India has 256,611 cases but only 7,200 deaths. China has 83,036 cases and only 4,634 deaths.
My Source as of June 8, 2020:
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This is due to the severity of the protective instructions
People are more committed
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Is the absence of decision by UK and NL to enforce social distanciation against Covid19 (unlike China, Italy, France, Spain, Germany, USA, etc) caused by memory loss of the positive effects of proactive enforcement of social distancing by US cities in the 1918 influenza pandemic? Death rates were reduced by 50%, source:
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Many thanks to all contributors. What emerges is that although the viruses of 1918 and 2019 are different, human behaviours in these two pandemics can be compared. Is it not notable that the portfolio of NPIs (non pharmaceutical interventions) is the same: handwash and reinforced hygiene, self-isolation, quarantine, lock-down, social distancing, gloves, face-masks?
100 years for not inventing better, and not learning from 1918 or from other countries (China/Wuhan) how to detect and implement early?
100 years to forget!
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In Spain, the Goverment give public preeliminary results about the seroprevalence study of Covid-19:
5% of seropravelence in Spain... this is aproxm. five more times that you can modeled with Corean and German information about Covid, and about the double that another study of seroprevalence with a major "n" in Galicia (Spain) using the same IC (inmunocromatography).
Do you see any wrong in the experiment desing??
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Hi
Please check the following link. I believe it will help you.
Regards
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Dryland ecosystems are one of the more important and vulnerable ecosystems in the world, comprising fully 40 percent of the Earth’s land surface. Moreover, the lives of billions of people depend on its conservation. However, understanding why people value (or not) these types of ecosystems requires understanding much further that they are drylands that do not provide few ecosystem services (compared to other ecosystems, this would make for another interesting question!!). I also understand that it can be a very simple question or on the contrary a very complex one. It is also globally accepted that many factors can explain this disconnection of human-dryland, such as the simply lack of water or charismatic species, or the impossibility of developing agricultural practices. However, after having studied these ecosystems (SE Spain) for more than 15 years, I believe that the roots of the lack of value that people place on drylands are much deeper than a mere categorization of types of value (new fashion of instrumental versus intrinsic versus relational values), and surely we need to understand cultural and evolutionary aspects together.
Happy to discuss further!
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PREVENTING DEFORESTATION
Deforestation and desertification negatively affect agricultural productivity, human and livestock health, and economic activities such as ecotourism. Forests and deciduous cover combat soil degradation and desertification by stabilizing soils, reducing water and wind erosion, and preserving soil nutrients. The environmentally sound use of forest ecosystem products and services and the development of agroforestry systems can thus contribute to reducing poverty by making poor farmers less vulnerable to the effects of land degradation. Desertification and associated loss of vegetation cover cause a reduction in biological diversity and contribute to climate change by reducing carbon sequestration.
An important confirmation of the fact that deforestation causes desertification is a sharp change in the microclimate in places where vegetation is disturbed. For example, when shrubs and trees are cut down, the midday sun falls directly on previously shaded soil; the soil becomes warmer and drier, and the organisms that live on it, or in it, will leave this area to escape the unusual heat. Organic waste on the surface – fallen leaves and branches, for example, will be oxidized faster, and carbon dioxide will be carried away. There will be only a small supply of humus in the soil.
The challenge of developing drylands and improving the well-being of the people who depend on them is vast and complex. The forest plays an important role in any strategic plan to combat it:
• it plays a critical role in maintaining soil and water as a base for food production due to protective plantings, forest belts, and dispersed trees;
* promotes animal husbandry through forest pasture systems, and especially through the creation of forage stocks or deposits in the form of forage trees or shrubs that alleviate food shortages during droughts;
* produces firewood, charcoal and other forest products on the forest lands of a rural community or individual farm;
* promotes rural development and employment through artisanal industries based on raw materials from wild plants and animals, as well as through the development of wildlife-based tourism; and
* provides food from wild animals and plants in the form of fruits, leaves, roots and mushrooms.
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Hi Daniel, this is Manu Esteve from Spain, how can I collaborate in the project by adding research and information?
cheers
Manu
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Hi Manu: when you add research in RG, you can add it to this project. When you do, all project collaborators and followers will be notified. You can add existing research under you account also. Thanks, Dan
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Could serum from patients who have overcome COVID 19 infection improve the prognosis of infected patients?
How should it be prepared?
Which dose should be administered to each patient?
Has this measure been previously tested?
Best regards from sad Spain.
Julio.
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Hi you may have a look at this study (10 severely ill patients):
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Have heard a handful of anecdotes from Spain (and also now here in NYC) that HIV-infected persons on antiretroviral therapy appear to be less likely to contract Covid-19.
And, of course, as a corollary to this, I am wondering if HIV- persons taking emtricitabine-tenofovir ("PrEP") might also be.
Thirdly, there is the question of, contrary to popular presumption, HIV-infected persons due to unresolved aberrations in cell signaling or other unresolved immune defects might not advance to the most lethal extremes of infection, were they to become infected.
Best resource of data at this point, one might imagine, would be from countries in East Asia that appear to be coming out of (at least the first wave of) this. There are great community based HIV networks I am aware of in Spain, Italy, Germany, UK, others, but I hesitate to ask this of them now. But it seems important for many reasons. Tk u, Mike
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The more "evolved" statement of current theory: that key protein/proteins on surface of Sars-Cov virus resemble/s similar protein/s on surface of hiv to an extent that the immune response of an hiv-infected person (with relatively in tact immune system) already kind of recognizes this new virus. Probably not 100% protection, but more like a vaccine that provides, what is it? 70 or 80 or even 90% protection?
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What are the basic differences recover rate of coronavirus (COVID-19) Chaina and Diamond Princess faster than other countries Italy, United States, Spain, etc?
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There is no evidence that there are more cases of FLU (icluding Corona) worldwide than in the years before:
und
It is a panisdemic hysteria!
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in my opnion of course, i agree with the society where person fight to be the best and get better work and position for archievent. one example is the fact that in Spain the public charges should be ocupated by women and men alike, and i dont want that men and women alike rule me, i want that the best persons rule me indifferently they being men or women.
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meritocracy dignifies hard work, motivates the worker and provides a platform for better standards and exellency.
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I have recently traveled to Ireland, I was surprised with the environmental policies that exist. Citizens who do not recycle are subject to financial fines and even if they recycle, but they do not do it properly. In addition, the population is very aware of it, and knows how to do it correctly. When I arrived in Spain I realized that we do not know how to recycle and what is worse, we are not aware.
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I guess it is a question of will to keep the landscape clean, everyone can learn this and get used to a cleaner environment. Private and public concern and will to change things should be able to turn around situation. You ask about feasibility: Yes if it is feasible for one country, then it should be for all countries..? Economical incentives, like return money for emptied plastic bottles (as in Germany) will certainly help immediately.
Best regards, L. Huebner
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Is there an official database? Im looking for modern and historical climate data
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Dear Ruth,
30-years monthly P/Tmean/Tmin/Tmax averages for present (1960-90), future and past periods are available at fine (~1 km) resolution in WorldClim database:
HTH,
Ákos
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I need to consult the baptism, marriage and burial books of the Franciscan missions of Alta California to complement a study on the propagation routes of the smallpox pandemic of 1780 in the northwest of New Spain.
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To my knowledge, the only California mission burial books that have been digitized and made available online are those from Mission Santa Clara de Asis: http://content.scu.edu/cdm/landingpage/collection/mission
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I need weekly, daily data for the SPAIN Fama and French four variables SMB, HML, MOM and RF
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I guess I mean the best positioning for sources archive.org
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Hello , I am looking for a seller / supply source, that can sell me a microbiological culture of living foraminifers. It doesn't really matter what species. Destination: Germany or Spain.
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Nice note
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I found this ammonite in the Oxfordian Ammonitico Rosso from the Balearic Islands, Spain.
I would like to know the genus and the species if possible. I'm doubting between Phylloceras and Trimarginites.
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Now that election results in Spain are known, do you think there will be a change in Spanish policy, and what will be the effect on European countries and the rest of the world.

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The radical anti-Islam and anti immigration
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Je n'arrive pas à donner une nom a cette plante trouvé dans îles Canaries. Merci d'avance.
Jaime Gil
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Bravo Filip, It's great!
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Following up with the previous questions, I found these specimens in the Oxfordian Ammonitico Rossos facies from the Balearic Islands, Spain. I would like to get some help identifying the genus and species of these 3 specimens.
I suspect that the second specimen, the one with primary and secondary ribs, could be a Taramelliceras.
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From the sample specimen that I saw like Belemnite for photo 1 & 3 for number 2 is ammonite, to determine the species of ammonite we need to note the shape of the suture on the wall in the form of Ceratite or goniatite.
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I need help identifying this ammonite species. It was found in the Oxfordian Ammonitico Rosso facies from the Balearic Islands, Spain.
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I am not an expert of Oxfordian ammonites, but according to the subcircular section in the very internal towers, then oval and finally subrectangular to subquadratic elevattion , I guess it belongs to Peltoceratoides, probably it's
( Gregoryceras pervinquieri (Spath,1913) )
Good luck
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Taking into consideration that this type of organisations not only provide credit but also impose harsh economic conditions on nations, are they still a good options for post-crisis economies? As an example we could see the difference in recovery between Spain (IMFed) and Portugal (not IMFed).
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THINK TANK with policy agenda and armed with capital and credit ready to help its members to do what it should--- is both relevant and necessary. Membership of the IMF is voluntary, each member must pay its due and contribute to a common fund. It serves as co-operative lending institutions for member nations. Countries that experience financial or economic crises are either mismanaged or failed in their social engineering policies. When they need to be bailed out from their creative faikure they must be willing to accept conditions of its lender. There is nothing wrong with a doctor who prescribes medication and also tell the patient what to eat and not to eat. Likewise, the IMF is there to fix the sick nations among its member roster.
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Hello everyone, I will need to use for the first time acetocarmine for DNA staining. After some searching, I couldn't find any provider selling it in Europe, so I was wondering if anyone could suggest where to buy it. Alternatively, I found several option for carmine, is it also a viable option?
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I dont understand what ask, but carmine is a good thing. You can ask in Spanish , please
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I am looking for ideas on what topics I can do for 6 months (short master thesis) in Spain. Can anyone help me with the topic I can do in related with policy of sustainability, renewable energy, for aviation biofuel? What I can discover or view about this topic.
Thank you, I really appreciate it.
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You could consider the impacts of biofuel production in Spain, in terms of water use (water scarcity is a major environmental issue facing the country), and consider the climate (Csa is the predominant climate, but Bsh and BWh amongst other climates can be observed), and the impacts of climate change on this. You could consider which crops are suitable for this (C4 biomass crops could be an option). Policy could look at promoting sustainable feedstock production, limits on water use etc.
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This plant grew next to an Opuntia on the island of Gran Canaria (Canary Islands, Spain). It has fruits and although its stems are very strange, they are similar to those of some genera of the cactus family. There are monstrous forms of other Opuntia species, such as Opuntia monacantha. And it could be one of these forms of some of the Opuntias that grow on the islands.
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Might be Opuntia pilifera...
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Im working in a restoration plan in a mountain range in de north Madrid (Spain).
We have planned to reforest a specific area, but we think that the wild boar can destroy the plantation. How can we avoid it?
Thanks
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Thank you both Aleksandra and Joanna. It is very helpful.
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Open position for a double PhD degree with the University of Groningen (Netherlands) and the University of Leon (Spain). Apply by February 28. More details here: https://tinyurl.com/y9egrbrp
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I am interested
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Here a share a interesting link for scholarship in Spain, now are open
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Thank you so much Catia Cillóniz
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I am analyzing the vision of elderly people in Spain on the implementation of activities for their active aging and I would like to have additional information on this perspective, that of the elderly themselves
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Thanks for your valuable information
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Roman system caused Murex shell to disappear, that way gently wiping out Phoenician's main industry, whose main clients were Romans. It was all about red, that precious vibrant red that marked Roman senators, and all the ones that wanted to look like them. Red as the symbol of power. Now have a look to that very interesting Spanish page, where it's explained that for a single gram of colorant, you needed at least 10.000 live shells. They say the Purple industry stopped in 1495. It's untrue. Murex colorant, due to over exploitation of the shell, had turned too expansive by 6th century. Just by the time Arabs developed a new bright red colorant, surrounded with secrets and alchemy and different names: al-kermes or Kermes or Carmin or Vermillon or Cochineal, the insect. It gave the bright red silks of Granada, the world was dreaming about, like a magical reminding of the Roman's power. That much that after Catholic Conquest of Spain, it was the arabic kermes chosen as the Spanish royal color (that's why Joaquin Cortez didn't brought to Spain the cochineal insect from Mexico). More on Murex shell: http://www.historiayarqueologia.com/2016/10/la-industria-fenicia-de-la-purpura.html
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Kermes was the Arab name for cochineal. It gave later the world carmesi and carmin.
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GIS is still a new tool for Architecture Schools in Spain - when we talk about how this tool could be useful before, during and after planning. I am searching for a method and also experiences that have had great results.
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The design of geo-architecture and its information systems is an important tool for managing all forms and analyzes of spatial knowledge ... Therefore, choosing the appropriate teaching method for teaching and presenting information is more important as the cognitive machinery that produces the stable and cultural knowledge of this science ... He suggested that the integrative approach Is best suited for teaching; the food combines historical, scientific, and historical aspects
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The warming climate of the Earth causes a multitude of secondary effects, usually adverse weather anomalies and climatic disasters. As a result of these weather anomalies and climatic cataclysms, the area of the undesignated natural environment and areas developed by man for the needs of the development of civilization, including arable land areas in the field of crop production, may gradually diminish. Every year, more and more cases of weather anomalies and climatic cataclysms are coming, which may confirm such a research thesis.
Currently (end of October / beginning of November 2018) numerous weather anomalies such as snowfall in Spain, floods in Italy, almost summer temperature in some places in Central and Eastern Europe are recorded in Europe. From year to year, more and more warm winters are recorded in many places around the globe. In addition, for several years, higher and higher annual average temperatures have been recorded. More and more areas in Africa are covered by droughts, lack of rainfall and higher heat temperatures. In some coastal locations, off the coast of the oceans, in America, in Southeast Asia, in Polynesia tornadoes appear more and more dramatic. However, in Alaska, Canada, Norway and other countries where there are glaciers in the mountains, there are fewer and fewer glaciers. In the 20th century, a significant part of these glaciers melted. does it mean that the greenhouse effect on Earth is progressing so fast and is it already an irreversible process?
In view of the above, I am asking you: Will the areas of natural environment suitable for human life decrease as a result of the progressing greenhouse effect on Earth?
Please reply. I invite you to the discussion
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I think that it happens naturally and it effected our settlement.
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By 2040, according to a new report by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, the Spanish are expected to have an average lifespan of 85.8 years, outliving even the Japanese, who have long headed the global longevity tables. And outliving those of us in the UK by almost 2.5 years.
Does anyone have a suggestion why this might be in a population noted for its consumption of alcohol and tobacco?
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Dear , Dr. Anastas Ivanov Ivanov... Olive oil and fish may be reasons of long life , but the red wine as I think is not a raeson of long life, versa, it may be a reason of short life.
With my greetings.