Sociology of Religion

Sociology of Religion

  • Yusuf Arslan added an answer:
    Are you aware of any articles about impact of religiosity on brand switching intentions especially in context of Islam?

    looking for articles about impact of religiosity on brand switching.Product should not be food or clothing.

    Yusuf Arslan

    I am currently studying about Islamic Religiosity an i can suggest you the attached study for measuring it. 


  • Muhammad Mudasir Firdosi asked a question:
    Why does religion become first port of call during social and economic strife?

    Why does religion become first port of call during social and economic strife?

    Within religion, why does a large chunk of the population not go deeper into orthodox religion but head instead towards these new age guys with their superficial cosmologies and simplistic solutions?

  • Franco Manni added an answer:
    Is there evidence that humans are slowly evolving beyond religion, particularly fundamentalist approaches to religion?

    While there are obvious differences, There seems to be similarities between fundamentalist Christians and fundamentalist Muslims. Both see their scriptures (Bible, Quran) as without error and both interpret them literally, even the parts encouraging violence against outside groups. Fundamentalist devotees also seem vulnerable to political exploitation.

    On the other hand, moderate, contempletive and progressive groups in both religions teach and encourage peace, non-violence, compassion and inclusion. Progressives groups find increasing common ground with agnostics and atheists. They also seem more independent.

    Religion helps many people, but more and more people seem to be finding similar help outside traditional religion. Is humanity slowly evolving beyond traditional approaches to religion, and is that a good thing, overall? 

    Franco Manni

    not beyond religion (Nietzsche, Marx and Freud were wrong when they thought to be able to foresee this development)... whereas I think that teher is much historical evidence about a process of overcoming religious fundamentalism...

  • Marcin Jewdokimow added an answer:
    Does anyone has experience with sociology of monasticism and monasteries?
    In 2014 I start a project (funded by National Science Center, Poland) on monasteries in selected local community in Poland. To my mind, it may provide interesting findings on religion and spirituality in Poland which topics are generally studied from Christian and Church points of view. I am looking for publications on monasteries today and researchers studying similar issues. On my RG profil you might find two articles related to the topic:
    1/ Study of the heritage of dissolved monasteries in local collective memories
    2/ The monastic legacy in the view of Michel Foucault’s work

    Below please find a summary:
    The past 200 years have witnessed abrupt shifts in the role and function of monasteries in the Polish territories, both in a general perspective and in reference to particular local communities. On the one hand, these changes are connected with broader civilization tendencies such as secularization, individualization and consumption processes. On the other hand, what must be pointed out are the so-called waves of suppressions, which at the end of the 18th and throughout almost the entire 19th century led to the decline of a vast majority of monasteries.

    The general aim of the project is to scrutinize an unexplored - within both sociology and cultural studies - issue of contemporary meanings and functions of monastic entities in selected local communities in West Pomeranian Viovodeship. I introduce a term 'monastic entity' to encapsulate very different roles that today perform both active and dissolved monasteries, and to transcend a definition - and, hence, a research scope - of a monastery as a house for persons under religious vows. Hence, a scrutiny of a monastic entity is to be framed in following concepts and referring to following problems: a field of a culture, cultural capital distribution and construction (Pierre Bourdieu 1985, 2008), a collective memory (Maurice Halbwachs 1950, 1969, Jan Assmann 2009, Aleida Assmann 2009, Andrzej Szpoński 1996, 1996a) and a local community (Joanna Kurczewska 2006).

    Introductory research on a place of dissolved monasteries in local collective memories (Jewdokimow, Markowska 2012) and media inquiry shows that monastic entities perform locally very different functions. Hence, proposed research topic - meanings and functions of monastic entities in selected local communities - expects intensive scrutiny. Moreover, Michel Foucault (1993) and Max Weber (1984) treated a monastery as a relevant source of the modernity. Consequently, the study of monastic entities offers insights into the very 'nature' of the modernity (for instance, process of secularization) on Polish and broader levels.

    The study is to be conducted in West Pomeranian Voivodeship due to characteristic context of monastic entities functioning after World War II and contemporary. On the one hand, a number of monastic entities on these terrains are a part of European Cistercian Route which imposes a broader frame for their meanings and functions, on the other - these monastic entities after World War II and contemporary have been relevant spots of local cultures and local collective memory formations.
    Marcin Jewdokimow

    Thank you very much.

  • George Wieland added an answer:
    Is there any literature dealing with the role religious social community has on entrepreneurship activities of its members?

    Is there any literature dealing with the role religious social community has on entrepreneurship activities of its members?

    George Wieland

     Professor Edwina Pio (AUT University, Auckland, New Zealand) has worked on such topics as spirituality, faith, social entepreneurship,

    One of her current PhD students, Rob Kilpatrick (find him on Academia) is studying faith communities, entepreneurship and peacemaking.  

  • Rito Baring added an answer:
    Can someone assist me to find more information on the Spiritual/Religious Development?

    I'm becoming interested in exploring the development of religion/spirituality in young adults. Is there research pertaining to the typical development and stages? I'm looking around and seeing a whole lot of information, but a whole lot of what I've found doesn't seem like peer-reviewed as of yet. 

    Rito Baring

    James Fowler's theory on Faith development might help you

  • Paweł Marian Socha added an answer:
    Can an ethnic group have two or more religions?

    I am working on ethnic tourism, my sample area belong to one ethnic group. They have their own religion, but almost 60% of them converted to Islam during last century. Due to change in religion, it creates some difference among them. I was thinking that I can compare both religion in one ethnic group, Is that possible? or they will be considered as two ethnic groups? Need your kind suggestions  

    Paweł Marian Socha

    Certainly, the ethnic identity is just a very complex phenomenon.This means that religious factor[s] are among the many. However relevant, they contribute also to ethnic identity of the group in different ways; they sometimes produce single effects, and sometimes because of interaction of them. I realize that the research on the ethnic identity is extremely difficult, but also fascinating. The syncretic character of the factual religion is observable with regard to perhaps any social group, no matter if single ethnic minority, or large society. This  is however another issue.

  • Francesco Sacchetti added an answer:
    Does anyone have information about contemporary Muslim cemeteries in Europe?
    I've started to investigate rites, tradition, law, permission, about Muslim burial in contemporary Italy. I'm starting from an explorative sociological point of view. I'd like to compare my ongoing findings to European situations. Bibliography and articles suggestions are welcome.
    Francesco Sacchetti

    Thanks Anne!

  • Manuel Morales added an answer:
    Was twentieth century science atheistic?
    As from 1967, at the time when I was being taught Special Relativity, I got the impression, indicated by my physic's professor, that I should accept atheism as a pillar of modern science. Was that impression correct? Cantor's Universe, that I teach, allows in principle a theistic view. Now, I wonder: What is the contemporary opinion on this subject? I am interested to hear some opinions. What is yours? Do you practice science from an atheistic point of view?
    Manuel Morales

    The Tempt Destiny findings have been included at Wikipedia's page regarding "Superdeterminism" (see link).

    See section - Unambiguous Empirical Evidence

  • Rahimi Ali added an answer:
    I am looking for scales measuring ingroup bias and one measuring 'radicalization'. Can anyone help?

    I am writing my bachelor's thesis at the moment, the topic is: globalization as a social identity threat. I want to look at this topic from the perspective of religious and cultural groups, how they see globalization as a stressor and how they react to it. To measure my outcome variables I am looking for a scale to asses ingroup bias and one to assess 'radicalization' (e.g., muslims who favor fundamentalism after the manipulation).

    Rahimi Ali

    critical discourse analysis

  • Tamer Elgebali added an answer:
    I recently conducted a study about volunteering. But I want to know volunteering from the Islam Perspective. Does anyone know?

    Actually i conduct study about the correlation between religiousity and motivations to volunteer. Because many studies talking religiousity on a Christianity concept. So today, I curious how volunteering happening in Islam. Thank you

    Tamer Elgebali

    It is important to know that volunteering in Islam has many kinds, the most important type is Waqf
    Here's an article on Waqf

  • Paul Mirecki added an answer:
    What common features between Sayings of Jesus (Q) and other religions? Will return
    Q is earliest Christian writing (Sayings of Jesus)
    Paul Mirecki

    They are simple lists with little or no narrative, occasional clustering by theme or catchword, attribution to a famous or little known figure from the past, reader is challenged to find or understand the saying, sayings are often riddles to be deciphered, poly-valence is allowed. See Book of Proverbs, see Matthew's five constructed speeches of Jesus in his gospel., see Gospel of Thomas. 

  • Emmanuel Buganga added an answer:
    How Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) using Islam to Islamize the world?
    The question needs to explore various methods specifically used by OIC to islamize the world. Some considers the organization being political, others religious and others socio-economic. If it is religious based, how?
    Emmanuel Buganga

    Dear Omar,

    Thanks indeed for your contribution.

  • Steven Hetrick added an answer:
    Which questions should be used on a survey to determine attitudes toward homosexuality?

    i am constructing a survey to determine attitudes of young adults toward homosexuality. I will be using a demographic of religiosity as a variable. 

    Steven Hetrick

    Thank you. I have been able to formulate 12 questions and put them in a survey.

  • Samuel W. Pearson added an answer:
    Did any sixteenth-century Jesuits justify the papal deposing power on the contractual origin of monarchy in the state of nature?

    Interested in the influence exerted by Catholic resistance theory, especially the Thomist thought of Suárez, Vitoria and Mariana, on English Parliamentarians, 1642-43.

    Samuel W. Pearson

    Thank you, Thomas and Munetsi, for your helpful replies.  Much appreciated!

  • Hasnain Falak added an answer:
    Do culture & religion affect the use of ICT and new technologies in Education?

    Many studies argue the effect of culture and the religion on the use of new technologies. 

    In my observation in Saudi schools I have interview some inspectors who confirm that they faced some examples of teachers who think that new technologies is not important in education and they dont have to use it because of their culture or religion background.

    As most of you in academia have you faced examples of the affect of culture & religion on the use new technologies ? 

    Can you suggest some sources. 


    Hasnain Falak

    "Cultural lag" is a term used when a new thing is introduced in a community. And the community don't know its proper use and it is then used for negative purposes and eventually the opposition to that new thing arise and that is barred to use. Same happened in our country Pakistan where loudspeaker was rejected but same thing become a part thier masajid. This happen when internet came to our society but it was only famous for Chat-Rooms and watching videos so it was countered by the masses and a negative perspective was developed for it. But now its because of its widespread use, internet is mandatory part of every home.

  • Nicolas Vernicos (Prof. Emeritus) added an answer:
    Is anyone researching minority religions eg Yazidis, Zorastrians?

    I'm wondering what research is out there - as I am intending to undertake a mini thesis

    Nicolas Vernicos (Prof. Emeritus)

    All Religious issues past and actual were and are contested.....

    Regarding the religions with a relatively small number of followers in the larger Mediterranean are, one should add to the Zoroastrian and Yezidis, the Mandeans, and Bahais. There are also some esoteric denominations that are currently (for political reasons) considered as part of Islam, though they themselves question this identification. These are the Alevis (+Bektashi), Alawis and Druzes. All, these denominations, with (perhaps) the exception of the Zoroastrians are so-called "Adamic religions", i.e. believe we all descent from an original Adam.

    Clearly you must narrow down your research and start a systematic research in the Web, using more than one language and more than English texts.

    If you come to the Mandeans ( I have published a book on that people/religion in Greek) you must first study Lady Drower' s books, and then contact their representatives in Australia., at 9 Pirie Sreet Liverpool NSW 2170.

    If you choose Zoroastrians it will be important to also contact the small yet influential community of Parsis in the Gujarat and Sindh areas of India .

    Finally, let me doubt whether objective and serious research, even at a superficial encyclopaedia level, may be conducted in most of the Western universities (because they "contested issues"), unless you write your thesis in a "minority language" such as Greek, Albanian, Modern Mandaic or, eventually, Bislama.

    Good luck

  • Benjamin Beit-Hallahmi added an answer:
    How would you suggest Muslims overcome any of the attrocities that have befallen them as a result of western media and orientalism?
    Postgrad thesis title for additional context:

    Old Habits Die Hard: A Critical Analysis of the Orientalist Mediatization of ‘Islamic Extremism’ in the Occident.
    Benjamin Beit-Hallahmi

    that 20 out of 49 Moslem-majority countries have anti-apostasy laws, and in 12 of these the punishment is death (

    Is this an Orientalist atrocity?

  • Jinty Rajkhowa added an answer:
    What is the difference between the religious conversion cases of the caste groups and the tribal groups?

    The debates over religious conversion cases have always justified that the cases of caste conversion are different from tribal conversion why is it so? 

    Jinty Rajkhowa

    thank you so much for the response. your response indeed enlightened me to great extend

  • Sue Hall added an answer:
    Where can I find research about Jehovah's Witnesses, clergy penitent privilege and child abuse?
    My research is about child abuse and clergy penitent privilege. Police response, responsibility and survivor recovery.
    Sue Hall
    Thank you!
  • Bill Johnson added an answer:
    Is it theoretical bankruptcy to use the “secular state” as a straw man to develop sociological theory in an age of faith-based initiatives?
    Perhaps there was a time when social theorists could legitimately hold the U.S. up as the model secular state in that it maintained a wall of separation between church and state. However, starting with “Charitable Choice” in the Clinton Administration, the federal government has been courting the religious sector as the ideal beneficiary of its decision to outsource social services delivery to society’s downtrodden and marginalized populations. Indeed, from the second Bush Administration right through to the present second Obama term, there has been a White House Office of Faith-Based Initiatives to encourage the religious sector to bid on federal third-party contracts for social services delivery. It was then-Senator John Ashcroft (during the Clinton Administration) who convinced Congress in connection with welfare reform that the churches had more credibility with the hard-core welfare dependent population than did government social services offices, thus launching Charitable Choice and progeny. A visit to the current Administration’s Faith-Based Initiatives website reveals the thinking:

    “The White House Office of Faith-based and Neighborhood Partnerships within the Domestic Policy Council works to form partnerships between the Federal Government and faith-based and neighborhood organizations to more effectively serve Americans in need.”

    And, now Europe is jumping on the faith-based initiatives bandwagon. (Sociologists who define Modernity as starting with the Enlightenment are -like Secular theorists - facing theoretical impoverishment.) Next month I will attend a consultative workshop in Sarajevo ("Faith-Based Participation in Civil Societies") in which the CFP started out with, “Contrary to some expectations, on-going secularization in European societies has not led to a disappearance of religion.”

    I rely on Secularism Theory with this paper and at least 3 others on my RG homepage. I am beginning to think this may actually be an ethical dilemma that I must confront. Is it unethical to theorize from a foil that has no basis in reality?
    • Source
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      ABSTRACT: This paper examines the ways that legislation aimed at establishing multicultural policies can inadvertently homogenize migrant cultures. Using the Tripartite Theoretical Model (TTM) developed in my doctoral dissertation (“Legislative Terrorism: A Primer for the Non-Islamic State; Secularism and DIFFERENT Believers”), I characterize legislation as either helpful or harmful to religious liberty. Three types of legislation are identified: DML (de minimus legislation), RFL (religion friendly legislation), and UNL (universal norm legislation). Ironically, RFL is the most harmful legislation to religious liberty and to accomplishing the goal of religious pluralism. This is because under RFL, religious groups can benefit from the government’s largesse; however to receive this largesse, religious groups must conform to the predominant norm for “religious activity” in a given society. Although Swedish society is examined here, the arguments made are applicable to all of the immigrant host lands of the West as they all have predominantly Christian cultures that are inhospitable to the newly arriving “immigrant religions” which are predominantly non-Christian or non-mainstream Christianity (here, read: evangelical). Much of the conflict of cultures that results is due to the fact that so-called secular laws are actually rooted in Christian norms of acceptable religious practice/behavior, which entails the separation of religious life from public life. Of course, the bifurcation of life into private and public spheres (e.g., the privatization of religion) is a “foreign concept” to non-Christian religions such as Islam, Hinduism, Sikhism, and Buddhism.
      Full-text · Chapter · Jan 2013
    Bill Johnson
    Perhaps this question is simplistic, but here goes: It seems to me that the sorts of faith-based undertakings initiated by our government with which I am familiar haven't got anything to do with faith itself. They are rather calls for religious organizations to get involved with some of the social relief work which our government seems to be unable to financially underwrite these days. My familiarity with the UK (that is the European country with which I am most familiar) would tend to suggest that the Brits are also hard-pressed to underwrite all their social relief programs.

    If this is what is happening in the US, does that violate the prohibition of starting a State religion, or impeding the free exercise of religion? Is it possible that the lack of funds for doing works of social justice or social relief is forcing the government to seek help of this sort from the religious sector? Most faiths do have an emphasis on humanitarian good works. Most soup kitchens seem to get started by faith-based organizations. Is collaborative work to address these sorts of concerns really a violation of the First Amendment?

    If I am way off base as to what is motivating this alliance please tell me, but I don't think I would be uncomfortable with the government working in concert with religious groups to address these sorts of needs, as long as there is no government promotion of a particular faith or church. Is there some aspect of this argument/concern which I am still failing to understand? You don't seem to be a reactionary type of a person, so I am guessing that there is a dimension of this matter of which I don't have an accurate perception. I am still unclear on where there is a straw man portrayal going on in all of this.
  • Eshah a. wahab added an answer:
    Which theory of religion and ritual is fitted to describe syncretism (combination between two elements) among minority communities?
    Theory of religion and ritual according to post-modernism is not fitted to explain syncretism because post modernism is about rejecting the past. But, this minority community (the Bajau) is keeping the traditional rituals along with their belief (Islam).
    Eshah a. wahab
    Thank you very much . I will check it up..
  • Richard Shields added an answer:
    les villes africaines connaissent une croissance démographique sans pareille, accompagnée de la pauvreté et des problèmes socio professionels. cette situation est devenue un enjeu missiologique important.
    quelle approche proposez vous pour les missions.
    Richard Shields

    Qu'est-ce que vous pensez sur l'approache du Pape Francois dans La Joie de LEvangile? On peut adopter une catechese qui est mois dogmatique, mais qui offre une education capable a batir des communautes qui ont les informations, la volonte, et (plus important) une realtion vecue avec Jesus et le royaume de Dieu. Alors, ca servira comme une catechese qui peut batir l'eglise et en meme temps contribuer quelque chose a la transformation de la situation.

About Sociology of Religion

To this group all researchers are welcome who work in the field of sociology of Religion, be it theoretically or empirical, be it with qualitative or quantitative methods.

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