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Publications related to Socioeconomics (10,000)
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Article
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Background: The influence of the socioeconomic variables in the sporting success has been frequently presented in the literature. However, most of the studies on this topic have joined them all excluding the specificities of each sport. Problem and Aim: Analyzing the influence of socioeconomic and historical results of past World Championships and...
Article
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El presente artículo se encuentra disponible para su consulta y descarga en el repositorio de EURE (ISSN digital 0717-6236) a través del siguiente enlace [LINK]: https://doi.org/10.7764/EURE.49.146.11 [RESUMEN]: El crecimiento de la extrema derecha en Europa desde finales del siglo XX no se había hecho patente en España hasta la irrupción de VOX e...
Article
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Extended Abstract Introduction and objective: Drought as the main cause of significant water imbalance, increase of crop losses or limitation in water consumption, and finally large number of socioeconomic and environmental problems. Precipitation amount is the most important climatic variables that its spatiotemporal variability has a great influe...
Article
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Objective: To examine the relationships between sociodemographic characteristics, student academic information, social support, sense of coherence, anxiety, lifestyle, and quality of life among dental students. Methods: A cross-sectional study among 233 dental students in Brazil. We captured data on sociodemographic and socioeconomic characteris...
Article
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The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of agricultural technology adoption on household food consumption expenditure in rural Amhara regional state, Ethiopia. The study is based on the data obtained from the Ethiopian Socioeconomic Survey collected in 2015/16. Household-level data were taken from 656 rural farm households in the Amhara...
Article
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Background: Globally, healthcare has shouldered much of the socioeconomic brunt of the COVID-19 pandemic leading to numerous clinical trials suspended or discontinued. Objective: To estimate the COVID-19 impact on the number of clinical trials worldwide. Methods: Data deposited by 219 countries in the ClinicalTrials.gov database (2007-2020) we...
Article
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Working time reduction (WTR) is a policy that could improve quality of life while reducing environmental impacts. However, WTR coupled with a salary reduction may benefit only higher-income earners and increase social inequalities. Against this background, we analyze how the motivations for and the socioecological outcomes from working less vary ac...
Article
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The relationship between the hydrological cycle and the temperature is rather complex and of great importance to human socioeconomic activities. The prevailing theory suggests that as temperature increases the hydrological cycle is intensified. Practically, this means more and heavier precipitation. However, the exact magnitude of hydrological cycl...
Article
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The Madden–Julian Oscillation (MJO) is the dominant mode of intraseasonal variability in the tropics and has a documented influence on extratropical extreme weather through modulation of synoptic atmospheric conditions. MJO phase has been correlated with anomalous tornado and severe hail frequency in the United States (US). However, the robustness...
Article
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While compound weather and climate events (CEs) can lead to significant socioeconomic consequences, their response to climate change is mostly unexplored. We report the first multi-model assessment of future changes in return periods for the co-occurrence of heatwaves and drought, and extreme winds and precipitation based on the Coupled Model Inter...
Article
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The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted how structural social inequities fundamentally shape disease dynamics, yet these concepts are often at the margins of the computational modeling community. Building on recent research studies in the area of digital and computational epidemiology, we provide a set of practical and methodological recommendations...
Research
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Orejudos RD, Duka JU, Baladjay AA. 2022. Factors influencing smallholder cardava banana farmers' participation in collective marketing in Southern Philippines. Asian J Agric 6: 87-96. Cardava banana farming is a good source of living for smallholder rural farmers in Cotabato province in the Southern Philippines but they are often faced with constra...
Article
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Background: Leptospirosis is among the leading zoonotic causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Knowledge about spatial patterns of diseases and their underlying processes have the potential to guide intervention efforts. However, leptospirosis is often an underreported and misdiagnosed disease and consequently, spatial patterns of the diseas...
Article
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Background Homicide is a major cause of death and contributes to health disparities in the United States. This burden overwhelmingly affects people from racial and ethnic minority populations as homicide occurs more often in neighborhoods with high proportions of racial and ethnic minority residents. Research has identified that environmental facto...
Article
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Background: Malnutrition is considered a major public health challenge and is associated with a range of health issues, including childhood stunting. Stunting is a reliable and well-recognized indicator of chronic childhood malnutrition. The objective of this study is to determine the risk factors associated with stunting among 17,490 children bel...
Article
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Climate change and the increasing complexity of society necessitate rethinking of siloed threat scenarios in emergency response planning. Incorporating a compounding threat model into disaster response by leveraging network science techniques and dynamic data can help account for the complexity and disproportionate nature of hurricane impacts.
Article
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Background: In 2005, Clalit Health Services (CHS), the largest health maintenance organization in Israel, initiated an intervention program aimed at reducing the prevalence rate of infantile anemia (IA). This study evaluated the progress made during the intervention (2005-2014) and its yield 5 years after it ended (2019). Methods: The CHS databa...
Article
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Background Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) had a tremendous effect on individual’s lives worldwide. The pandemic’s significant socioecological impact is one of the many burdens children confront in the current crises. As a result, this study was designed to determine the psychological impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on preschoolers, particular...
Article
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Background: A remarkable drop in tuberculosis (TB) incidence has been achieved in China, although in 2019 it was still considered the second most communicable disease. However, TB's spatial features and risk factors in urban areas remain poorly understood. This study aims to identify the spatial differentiations and potential influencing factors o...
Conference Paper
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Extreme weather events caused by climate change, especially extreme heat and cold waves, are expected to increase in the next years. Due to its geographical characteristics, Portugal is among the European countries with the greatest vulnerability to these impacts, affecting disproportionality different socioeconomic groups, especially those with re...
Conference Paper
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Background: The timing of MRI ordering and completion has been used as a marker of timely diagnosis and treatment. While the reasons behind delays are likely multifactorial, a growing body of evidence is emerging suggesting a link between socioeconomic status and untimely care. While insurance status is a reasonable marker for socioeconomic status,...
Conference Paper
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Understanding economic development and designing government policies requires accurate and timely measurements of socioeconomic activities. In this paper, we show how to leverage city structural information and urban imagery like satellite images and street view images to accurately predict multi-level socioeconomic indicators. Our framework consis...
Article
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This is the original, accepted version of the paper prior to editing. The final version of the article is published in the journal Communist and Post-Communist Studies, volume 54, issue 4. Please access the published version and cite it as such. Abstract: In competitive authoritarian systems, aspiring autocrats must win elections and marginalize...
Article
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Preschool children’s relationships with their teachers play an important role in their learning and development. Despite this importance, extant research mostly relies on teachers’ perceptions about the relationships with children limiting our understanding of the bidirectional nature of these relationships. The present study aimed to explore teach...
Article
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Residential segregation is a wide-spread phenomenon that can be observed in almost every major city. In these urban areas residents with different racial or socioeconomic background tend to form homogeneous clusters. Schelling’s famous agent-based model for residential segregation explains how such clusters can form even if all agents are tolerant,...
Article
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A favorable home literacy environment for preschool-aged children is related to higher language and preliteracy skills, which, in turn, predict later literacy skills and broader life outcomes. The quality of the home literacy environment is associated with socioeconomic indicators, but some previous research has indicated that also gender differenc...
Conference Paper
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Present research work was carried out to assess the socio-economic status of 39 fishermen depending on the Lanjud dam situated on the Lendi River near Khamgaon. From Nov 2020 to Dec 2021, a one-year survey of the Lanjud reservoir in the Buldana district of Maharashtra was conducted. During the study it was found that the fishery business is male do...
Article
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In this paper, we will present some aspects of the small and medium-sized self-managed irrigation systems that still exist in many parts of the world and that conceive water as a common good, differing from those in which it is an individually controlled private resource. They are long-standing irrigation systems that have come to our days not as r...
Article
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Over the course of history, humans have moved crops from their regions of origin to new locations across the world. The social, cultural and economic drivers of these movements have generated differences not only between current distributions of crops and their climatic origins, but also between crop distributions and climate suitability for their...
Article
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Background There is consistent evidence of social inequalities in dementia but the mechanisms underlying this association remain unclear. We examined the role of smoking in midlife in socioeconomic differences in dementia at older ages. Methods Analyses were based on 9951 (67% men) participants, median age 44.3 [IQR=39.6, 50.3] years at baseline i...
Article
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The government of India has been investing in various livelihood programs to promote socioeconomic empowerment of rural poor for a long period of time. This paper highlights one of the large-scale initiatives of JEEViKA of Bihar government which aims at socioeconomic empowerment of rural poor and improving their livelihoods with the help of institu...
Article
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In Nigeria, agricultural extension services and supports have traditionally been focused on men and their production needs despite the fact that women make up 60 to 80 percent of the agricultural labour force and produce two third of the food crops. Unfortunately, more than two-third of the world poorest who relied solely on agriculture and related...
Article
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I study how parental involvement responds to declines in neighborhood quality. Previous research on this topic has largely been limited to current/former public housing residents. In contrast, I examine a population that has not selected into public housing. I utilize the mass closure and demolition of public housing projects in Chicago, but I focu...
Article
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The post COVID-19 syndrome (PCS) is an emerging phenomenon worldwide with enormous socioeconomic impact. While many patients describe neuropsychiatric deficits, the symptoms are yet to be assessed and defined systematically. In this prospective cohort study, we report on the results of a neuropsychiatric consultation implemented in May 2021. A coho...
Chapter
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India is one of the countries among 88 countries likely to miss global nutrition targets by 2025. However, the death rate was reduced from 1990-to 2017 among children under five. Malnutrition rates tend to be high, especially among children and adolescents from middle and lower economic classes in urban and rural areas, especially in states like Ma...
Article
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Women have unique experiences during natural disasters, including higher risks of death, violence, and socioeconomic decline and an increase in specific reproductive health needs. However, government responses often do not directly address these women-specific needs, which can decrease women’s political trust. I investigate women’s trust in governm...
Article
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During periods of economic instability, women may suffer uniquely from economic stress compared to men. We examine stress effects from financial debts by gender with monthly national-level household data starting in 2006, going through the Great Recession in the U.S and into the recovery period. We find that women on average in the sample exhibit a...
Article
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In recent years, Vietnam's tourism has increasingly developed and received the attention of the whole society. The Vietnam Tourism Development Strategy: "Developing tourism into a spearhead economic sector, tourism accounts for an increasing proportion of GDP, creating a driving force for socioeconomic development. Tourism development is in the dir...
Article
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Reviewing the social movements of women and feminists, the article calls attention to the conquests of women up to Sexual and Reproductive Rights, as derivatives and integrants of a social struggle for the masses, criticizing the abandonment of these actions by an identitarian and neoliberal feminism that has been establishing itself in society and...
Article
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The baby nutritional need is not fulfilled by just breastfeeding or formulae feeding. It needs to be accomplished with complementary solid foods after six months of exclusive breastfeeding. The present study focuses on the knowledge and practice of 100 mothers of reproductive age having a baby of 6-12 months of age in Aligarh city concerning weanin...
Article
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Former district Thane (Maharashtra) was formally split into Thane and Palghar districts for administrative purpose in 2014. Though these 2 districts are very much linked with each other due to their similar geographical features, people and traditions. Inland fishery is a major source of food in monsoon which demonstrates various cultural traits th...
Conference Paper
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Climate change is the most important topic in climate research in the last decades and is still one of the main challenges today. In addition, large regions of the world are still poorly assessed due to accessibility difficulties, especially in semi-arid regions. the world is still poorly assessed due to accessibility difficulties, especially in se...
Article
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The Qinghai–Tibet Plateau is one of the regions most strongly affected by climate change. The climate feedback of the distribution of plateau pika, a key species, is closely related to the trophic structure of the plateau ecosystem and the development of agriculture and animal husbandry on the plateau. In order to understand the impact of future cl...
Article
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Onychomycosis is one of the most common foot conditions. Mixed onychomycosis and onychomycosis caused by non-dermatophyte moulds are increasing in incidence, especially in vulnerable populations, hence the importance of this study, which presents the prevalence of onychomycosis in a population of homeless people, comparing the findings with a sampl...
Article
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Background Little is known about how life events such as changes in parental or employment status influence sedentary behaviour (SB). Women from disadvantaged neighbourhoods are at particular risk of poor health, therefore, in this population group this study aimed to determine between changes in parental and employment status with sitting, televis...
Article
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Social–emotional learning interventions are intended to improve classroom dynamics and have the potential to enhance the well-being of students and their teachers. Using data drawn from an effectiveness trial of the Social Skills Improvement System SEL Edition Classwide Intervention Program (SSIS SEL CIP; Elliott and Gresham in SSIS SEL Edition Cla...
Preprint
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The COVID-19 pandemic has imposed catastrophic impacts on the restaurant industry as a crucial socioeconomic sector that contributes immensely to the global economy. However, what remains incomplete is our quantitative understanding of how the restaurant industry was recovered from COVID-19 in terms of restaurant visitations and revenue, customers'...
Article
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The relationship between executive functions (EF) and bilingualism has dominated debate in the field. This debate was characterised by optimism for a bilingual advantage until the last decade, when a steady stream of articles reported failure to find a consistently positive effect for bilingualism. In addition to addressing concerns about study qua...
Article
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Risk assessment of cascade reservoir dams is not only the key to ensure the safety of the basin, but also the objective requirement of dam risk management. Based on the development status of cascade reservoirs in China, the complexity of dam risk management of cascade reservoirs compared with a single reservoir was analyzed. By reviewing the advanc...
Article
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Currently, the identification of stroke patients with an increased suicide risk is mainly based on self‐report questionnaires, and this method suffers from a lack of objectivity. This study developed and validated a suicide ideation (SI) prediction model using clinical data and identified SI predictors. Significant variables were selected through t...
Article
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Caldera-forming eruptions have the potential to induce drastic socioeconomic change. However, the criteria to identify volcanoes capable of producing large magnitude eruptions in the future are not well constrained. Here we compile and analyse data, revealing that volcanoes which have produced catastrophic caldera-forming eruptions in the past, sho...
Article
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Resumo A RESEX Chocoaré-Mato Grosso (PA) possui grandes áreas de manguezais, abrangendo 974 beneficiários que sobrevivem da extração do caranguejo-uçá. O objetivo deste estudo foi levantar informações sobre as características socioeconômicas dos usuários da reserva. Ao todo, 100 usuários aceitaram os termos da pesquisa e responderam ao questionário...
Article
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It is proposed to consider the transition to postcapitalism not as the struggle of the oppressed for a more just and equal society without class antagonisms but as a process of gradual displacement of consumer individualism by expressive individualism. Within the framework of this perspective, postcapitalism is not a fundamentally new socioeconomic...
Article
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As customer's tastes and preferences area unit dynamical, the market situation is additionally dynamical from time to time. Today's market situation is incredibly totally different from that of the market situation before 1990. There are several factors chargeable for the dynamical market situation. It's the dynamical tastes and preference of clien...
Article
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Background Female workers are vulnerable groups in the Indonesian context, and female workers must be responsible for domestic problems and earn a living. The study aimed to analyze the role of socioeconomic on health insurance ownership among female workers in Indonesia. Methods The study population was all female workers in Indonesia. This cross...
Article
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This paper investigates divergences in levels of affective polarization across Belgian regions around the 2019 elections. Elaborating on the relative deprivation theory, we analyse the role of current and long-term socioeconomic regional inequalities and of geographical distance separating regions. Empirically, we aggregate individual-level measure...
Poster
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The poster is assessing the current potential of tree diversity in agroforestry systems and socio-economic value derived from the sale of Monodora myristica seeds in Western Cameroon
Article
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This article presents the results of a study conducted on Polish university students to verify how they assess the probability of environmental risks and their potential impact on the socioeconomic situation in Poland. To this end, 703 students of public universities in War-saw were asked to complete risk assessment questionnaires. According to the...
Article
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With the increasing use of machine learning models in computational socioeconomics, the development of methods for explaining these models and understanding the causal connections is gradually gaining importance. In this work, we advocate the use of an explanatory framework from cooperative game theory augmented with do calculus, namely causal Shap...
Chapter
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SARS-CoV-2 has affected socioeconomic activity in every country around the world since its outbreak began in 2019. 3.5 million people have died worldwide as of now, including 3.2 lakh in India. The cytokine storm significantly contributes to COVID mortality. To put it simply, the virus causes an uncontrolled release of cyto-kines, which results in...
Article
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SDG-10, emphasises the uniform distribution of per-capita food and nutrition intake and percentage share of expenditure on food consumption. The objective here is to instigate spatial inequalities in food and nutrient consumption among students living in hostels at Gandhinagar. The research investigates Socioeconomic and cultural factor affecting f...
Chapter
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Climate change is any significant long-term change in the expected patterns of average weather of a region (or the whole Earth) over a considerable time. There are various reasons behind the activity of climatic change, which include an increase in anthropogenic activities such as industrialization, urbanization, deforestation, agriculture, change...
Article
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Responsive governance during the COVID-19 pandemic became a severe challenge for countries worldwide. With a relatively poor healthcare structure, Bangladesh performed moderately well in managing the first wave of the pandemic (March-December 2020). With substantive policy and decision-making support from the Centre, local governments collaborated...
Article
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The energy transition toward lower-carbon energy sources will inevitably result in socioeconomic impacts on certain communities, particularly those that have historically produced fossil fuel resources and electricity generation using fossil fuels. Such communities stand to lose jobs, tax revenues, and support for public services. Which communities...