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Socioeconomic Status - Science topic

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Publications related to Socioeconomic Status (10,000)
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There is growing recognition that young adults of low socioeconomic status are among the loneliest in the United Kingdom. However, there has been a dearth of qualitative research exploring how they cope with their loneliness. Using a novel free association technique, this study sought to explore how young adults (n = 48) in London’s most deprived a...
Book
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People have long made invidious distinctions between individuals (e.g., the clean and the unclean, good and evil, black and white, sacred and profane, etc.) (Smith, 1995) and these distinctions affect the degree to which individuals experience prejudice, unfair discrimination, and oppression in organizations and society as a whole. Although there...
Article
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Promoting antenatal care (ANC) utilization is one of the key drivers of the Safe Motherhood Initiative aimed at improving maternal health in low-income countries. The study sought to examine the effects of health insurance coverage and socioeconomic status of women on antenatal care utilization in Ghana. The study used cross-sectional data from the...
Article
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Background Under-nutrition is a global problem and one of the most serious public health issues. Globally, 156 million under-five children were stunted, and 50 million were wasted in 2016. Malnutrition among preschool-age children is caused by low socioeconomic status, food insecurity, poor feeding practices, and infectious diseases. This intervent...
Article
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Abstract Background Open defecation facilitates the transmission of pathogens that cause diarrheal diseases, which is the second leading contributor to the global burden of disease. It also exposed hundreds of millions of girls and women around the world to increased sexual exploitation. Open defecation is more practice in sub-Saharan African (SSA)...
Article
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Upon hearing someone’s speech, a listener can access information such as the speaker’s age, gender identity, socioeconomic status, and their linguistic background. However, an open question is whether living in different locales modulates how listeners use these factors to assess speakers’ speech. Here, an audio-visual test was used to measure whet...
Article
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Background: As China pursues better social equality and improvement in public services (healthcare), public satisfaction has been considered as a key performance indicator. There is a great need to better understand the disparities and inequalities in the public satisfaction with its healthcare system. Methods: Based on Chinese General Social Su...
Article
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Background Injection for vaccinations is the most prevalent source of iatrogenic pain in infants. The facilitated rocking movement is a new technique which is to be evaluated to reduce vaccination-induced pain in newborns and young infants. Hence, the present study was designed to study the effect of facilitated rocking movement in reducing vaccina...
Article
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Vaccines are effective to reduce COVID-19 related outcomes, but universal vaccination campaigns can reveal within-country access inequities. Mexico City has had high rates of COVID-19 related morbidity and mortality and a population survey warned that vaccine acceptance was lowest in older adults. Since February 2021, Mexico started a universal and...
Article
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Leadership development has been characterized as an ongoing process that continues throughout a lifetime. From a long-lens perspective, this study aims to investigate how leaders’ early family socioeconomic environment influences their later transformational leadership. According to the social cognitive theory of social class, we propose that paren...
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Background Ethnicity might impact out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) risk, but it has scarcely been studied in Europe. We aimed to assess whether ethnicity influenced the risk of OHCA of cardiac cause in Danish immigrants and its interplay with risk factors for OHCA and socioeconomic status. Methods This nationwide study included all immigrants...
Article
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The current study investigates whether prepregnancy maternal posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, depressive symptoms, and stress predict children's cortisol diurnal slopes and cortisol awakening responses (CARs) adjusting for relevant variables. Mothers were enrolled after delivering a baby and followed through their subsequent pregnancy...
Conference Paper
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Background: The timing of MRI ordering and completion has been used as a marker of timely diagnosis and treatment. While the reasons behind delays are likely multifactorial, a growing body of evidence is emerging suggesting a link between socioeconomic status and untimely care. While insurance status is a reasonable marker for socioeconomic status,...
Article
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Preschool children’s relationships with their teachers play an important role in their learning and development. Despite this importance, extant research mostly relies on teachers’ perceptions about the relationships with children limiting our understanding of the bidirectional nature of these relationships. The present study aimed to explore teach...
Article
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The human cerebral cortex undergoes considerable changes during development, with cortical maturation patterns reflecting regional heterogeneity that generally progresses in a posterior-to-anterior fashion. However, the organizing principles that govern cortical development remain unclear. In the current study, we characterized age-related differen...
Article
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This paper investigates the determinants of school friendship networks among adolescents, proposing a model of network formation and estimating it using a sample of about 10,000 secondary school students in four countries: England, Germany, the Netherlands and Sweden. We test the idea that networks arise according to homophily along many characteri...
Article
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Background Prevalence of both multimorbidity and frailty increases with age, but more evidence is needed to elucidate their relationship and their association with other health-related outcomes. We analysed the dynamics of both conditions as people age and calculate the associated risk of death, nursing home admission, and need for home care. Meth...
Article
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A favorable home literacy environment for preschool-aged children is related to higher language and preliteracy skills, which, in turn, predict later literacy skills and broader life outcomes. The quality of the home literacy environment is associated with socioeconomic indicators, but some previous research has indicated that also gender differenc...
Article
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Introduction People with tuberculosis experience long-term health effects beyond cure, including chronic respiratory diseases. We investigated whether tuberculosis is a risk factor for subsequent lung cancer. Methods We searched PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature and the Scientific Electronic Library...
Article
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This qualitative case study explored how exposure to Process-Oriented Guided Inquiry Learning (POGIL) improves 11th grade physical sciences learners' competency in solving stoichiometry problems. Two township schools of low socioeconomic status in Pretoria, South Africa, were conveniently and purposively sampled. Two classes (N = 48) composed of mu...
Article
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Background: In the world, cardio-vascular disease accounts for the majority of mortality. It accounts for 50% of all reported deaths worldwide and is expected to increase significantly. Cardiovascular disease is also a major cause of death in Saudi Arabia. The objective of this paper was to assess population awareness on cardiovascular diseases ris...
Preprint
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Several disturbances in speech are present in psychosis; however, the relationship between these disturbances during the first episode of psychosis (FEP) and later vocational functioning is unclear. We analyzed three one-minute speech samples using automated speech analysis and Bayes networks in an antipsychotic-naive sample of 39 FEP patients, and...
Article
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(1) Background: In this study, we aimed to determine differences in the levels of motor competence according to biological factors (sex, age and weight status) and sociocultural factors (socioeconomic level and belonging to an indigenous people or not) in students of the La Araucanía Region, Chile. (2) Methods: A total of 552 students in 5th and 6t...
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The sudden onset of the COVID-19 pandemic had a significant impact on all aspects of people’s lives, including their attitudes toward society and psychological well-being. This study aimed to analyze the variation in public trust, perceived societal fairness, and well-being before and after the outbreak of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). T...
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Background: Precision medicine in type 1 diabetes (T1D) treatment considers context and environmental data to subclassify patients. Parental Health Locus of Control PHLOC) could influence behavior, self-management, and metabolic control of children with T1D. Methods: No. 135 pediatric patients with T1D (No. 57 with HbA1c ≤ 7.0%, “optimal” group, an...
Article
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The term "socioeconomic status" (SES) refers to a measurement that takes into account a family's income, level of education, and the occupation of the family's primary breadwinner. This helps to evaluate the family overall health as well as their access to resources. Kuppuswamy SES is one of the commonest scales used to determine SES of people resi...
Article
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The aim of this study was to assess the relation between early exposure to stressful events and symptoms of the Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children, based on the outcomes from a natural experiment. It was hypothesized that children pre- and postnatally exposed to cyclone Aila have increased ADHD symptoms compared to the cont...
Article
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Background This study proposes that being small for gestational age (SGA) is not only an important indicator for neonatal health but also could be a consequence of gender inequality. Low birth weight (LBW) has been widely used as a measurement for adverse birth outcomes, whereas much less attention has been given to the use of small for gestational...
Article
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Objectives This review aims to map the existing evidence on perinatal suicidal ideation, identify biopsychosocial risk factors associated with suicidal ideation and make recommendations for service provision and future research. Methods Scoping review guided by Arskey’s and O’Malley’s (2005) framework. Five academic databases (PsycINFO, MEDLINE, C...
Article
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Objectives This study investigated the level and associated factors, focusing on the number of individuals with chronic conditions, of out-of-pocket healthcare expenditures (OOPHE). Design A cross-sectional study was conducted from January 2021 to June 2021. Setting Riyadh Province, Saudi Arabia. Participants A total of 1176 households that used...
Article
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The challenges of health system development in Nigeria are multifaceted, involving a dyad of the State and the Led. The State in this case represents the government, while the Led represents the average Nigerian citizen. While the government has made quite some efforts in seeing to the realization of UHC by 2030, so much more still needs to be done...
Article
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This study aimed to examine the effects of psychological distress and a fear of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on diabetes care in Japan. We used data from a 2020 nationwide Internet survey in Japan involving 28,000 respondents aged 15–79 years. The question items included psychological factors (Kessler psychological distress scale and fear of...
Article
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Introduction: Among all the crimes, sex related crimes are the most heinous and humiliating. Objective: The aim of our study was to ascertain incidence of sexual violence in Lahore and to analyze the data with respect to epidemiological and demographic characteristics, relationship between victim and assailant, time of reporting of cases, pattern o...
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Dani A et al/ Maternal awareness and perceptions regarding factors affecting the learning ability of school children: A cross sectional study using mixed methods approach eISSN1303-5150 www.neuroquantology.com Abstract Introduction: The learning ability of the child is influenced by a variety of factors. Though, genetics plays a role in the learnin...
Article
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Background: Fetal growth restriction (FGR) and preterm birth (PTB) are two adverse pregnancy outcomes. There are many maternal risk factors that predispose to preterm and FGR independently. Very few studies have identified risk factors for combinations of preterm and FGR. The aim of the study was to find out whether risk factors for preterm FGR are...
Article
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Background: The socioeconomic status of patients diagnosed with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) in developing countries could in many cases limit their access to the best available therapeutic options. We aimed to describe the clinical characteristics and access to treatment of Mexican patients with mRCC. Methods: We performed a retrospectiv...
Chapter
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Autobiographical memory involves a constructive process in which individuals make sense of their experiences to form coherent life stories and a narrative identity. Adolescence is an important period for developing autobiographical memory and constructing a life story through narrative meaning-making. The ways in which adolescents remember and narr...
Article
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In a high fertility context, research on the relationship between parental investment, unwanted births and child nutritional outcomes is limited. The implications may be especially relevant for children coming from the most disadvantaged backgrounds and at increased risk of nutritional deprivation. This study assessed the association between matern...
Article
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Postpar tum depression and anxiety are common among new mothers. It is well-established that in the general population alcohol use is associated with depression and anxiety. Linking alcohol consumption to symptoms of postpartum depression (PPDS) or postpartum anxiety (PPAS) is presently less established. This study aims to determine if alcohol cons...
Article
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Introduction Multimorbidity has become a global public health concern that can cause serious damage to the health status of older adults. This study aimed to investigate the impact of socioeconomic status (SES) and sleep quality on the prevalence of multimorbidity in older adults, thus providing a reference for reducing the risk of the prevalence o...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to examine the subjective reasons for hesitancy to receive COVID-19 vaccination and the sociodemographic factors associated with vaccination uptake. An online social media survey was conducted among the general Nigerian population using a self-developed questionnaire. Data were analyzed using binary logistic regression...
Article
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Stressful events and chronic tension are considered a burden and a threat to physical, mental, and social health. The aim of the study was to demonstrate the associations of variation in stress exposure with social factors, physical activity, basic components of physical fitness, body mass index (BMI) and percentage of body fat (BFP). An additional...
Article
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Purpose Black women have higher breast cancer mortality rates than other groups, with Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) being more common among AAs with a worse prognosis. Our study seeks to explore differences among Non-Hispanic Black (NHB) vs. White (NHW) women, with Stage IV TNBC, focusing on survival and treatment patterns. Methods SEER dat...
Conference Paper
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DECLARATION: This paper was the result of a larger self-financing project led by the first author during PhD studies, and is part of her doctoral dissertation. ABSTRACT: One of the phenomena that occur in situations of increased mental and emotional exhaustion at work is burnout syndrome, so it is expected to be more frequent among healthcare wor...
Article
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Leucorrhoea means excessive vaginal discharge from female genital tract, which occurs in 1-14% of women of reproductive age group and is responsible for 5-10 million OPD visits per year. Its prevalence in India is estimated to be about 30%. In classical Unani text, leucorrhoea (sailan al-rahim) is caused by kasrate awrame rahim or accumulation of f...
Article
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Interventions to improve dietary quality and intake of fruits and vegetables (FV) among Canadian children have had modest success, and it has been suggested that food knowledge could be key to improvement. Programs have been criticized for insufficiently connecting food knowledge with food skills and decision making about dietary intake. The object...
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Introduction Physical inactivity is associated with obesity, chronic inflammation and the occurrence of chronic non-communicable diseases. Objective: To investigate the association of active behavior, body mass index (BMI), diastolic blood pressure (DBP) with serum levels of inflammatory interleukins in adolescents. Methods Cross-sectional populati...
Article
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Background Electroencephalography (EEG) neurofeedback is a type of biofeedback that purportedly teaches users how to control their brainwaves. Although neurofeedback is currently offered by thousands of providers worldwide, its provision is contested, as its effectiveness beyond a placebo effect is unproven. While scholars have voiced numerous ethi...
Article
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Purpose Social determinants of health (SDoH) impact psychiatric conditions. Routinely collected health data are frequently used to evaluate important psychiatric clinical and health services outcomes. This study explored how key SDoH are used in psychiatric research employing routinely collected health data. Methods A search was conducted in PubMe...
Article
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Excessive leisure-time television viewing in childhood has been associated with a range of poorer outcomes in adulthood and may represent an early form of addictive disorder. As addictive disorders are often correlated, we tested the hypothesis that television viewing in childhood and adolescence would be longitudinally associated with adulthood su...
Article
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Increasingly people, especially those residing in urban areas with the urban heat island effect, are getting exposed to extreme heat due to ongoing global warming. A number of methods have been developed, so far, to assess urban heat vulnerability in different locations across the world concentrating on diverse aspects of these methods. While there...
Article
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Despite the controversy about its efficacy, homeopathy is considered a medical practice alternative to the conventional medical model. Prevalence of homeopathy use varies greatly among countries and the literature has conflicting evidence about the relation between sociodemographic factors and health conditions associated with homeopathy use. We ai...
Article
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School violence is a worldwide problem. Among the variables that influence its frequency, perceived socioeconomic status seems to be associated with a higher risk of exposure to violence and attitudes toward violence. The aim of this study is to examine attitudes toward violence based on socioeconomic discrimination (aporophobia) and its relationsh...
Article
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Background: Little is known about how demographic, behavioural, and vaccine-related factors affect risk of post-vaccination SARS-CoV-2 infection. We aimed to identify risk factors for SARS-CoV-2 infection after primary and booster vaccinations. Methods: This prospective, population-based, UK study in adults (≥16 years) vaccinated against SARS-Co...
Article
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Background: Snakebites are a very serious issue that affects people all around the world. The world health organization (WHO) has recently classified snake bites as one of the neglected tropical diseases.Methods: It was an observational, prospective and cross-sectional study conducted at the department of general medicine, (Rajendra institute of me...
Article
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Background Female workers are vulnerable groups in the Indonesian context, and female workers must be responsible for domestic problems and earn a living. The study aimed to analyze the role of socioeconomic on health insurance ownership among female workers in Indonesia. Methods The study population was all female workers in Indonesia. This cross...
Preprint
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Foot ulceration is a common but serious complication of diabetes mellitus resulting in a foot or lower limb amputation every 30 seconds across the globe.There has been much focus on means to try and prevent foot ulceration in diabetes but this continues to be an increasing problem. Approaches to reduce the burden of DFUs focus evermore towards thei...
Article
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Unplanned readmissions shortly after discharge from hospital are common in chronic diseases. The risk of readmission has been shown to be related both to hospital care, e.g., medical complications, and to patients’ resources and abilities to manage the chronic disease at home and to make appropriate use of outpatient medical care. Despite a growing...
Article
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The link between parental socioeconomic status (SES) and school-age children's educational success has been well documented. This study, however, explains the link between parental SES and children's future employment prospects in greater detail. It reviews the extant literature and develops a conceptual framework. As children's future employment p...
Article
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Objective This study aimed to examine socioeconomic disparities in the utilization of primary robotic hernia repair (RHR), utilizing statewide population-level data. It was funded by the SAGES Robotic Surgery Research Grant. Methods and procedures The New York Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System (SPARCS) administrative database was...
Article
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Background: Despite the enormous burden of antepartum hemorrhage (APH) due to placental previa, there are not much recent data on prevalence, outcomes, and predictors of this major obstetric condition in low-resource settings. Objectives: The objectives of this study are to determine the prevalence, outcomes, and predictors of APH due to placenta p...
Preprint
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Periodic health checkup (PHC) has been recognized as a key instrument in the practice of preventive healthcare since the early 1900s and has been supported for maintaining health and preventing diseases, however, it has never been shown to be economical. Periodic Health Checkups (PHC), a primary level of care provided by healthcare facilities to pr...
Article
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Socioeconomic status has been associated with obesity prevalence increase in both males and females worldwide. We examined the magnitude of the difference between the two relationships and explored the independence of both relationships. Country specific data on gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, sex-specific obesity prevalence rates, urbanis...
Article
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Objective: To develop a comprehensive understanding of financial toxicity (FT) among patients with lung cancer in China and the major factors affecting FT. Methods: Drawing from a national cross-sectional survey, which used the validated comprehensive score for financial toxicity (COST) questionnaire, we estimated the prevalence and degree of FT...
Poster
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The present paper pursues two goals. First, it documents the processing of additional data on circadian rhythms of 15-year-old students collected in Germany during the 2018 PISA round. Additionally, results on the influence of a circadian typology - the chronotype - on key variables of academic and cognitive performance are reported. The questionna...