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Publications related to Sociobiology (2,258)
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Book
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15. Neuroética, neuroderecho e inteligencia artificial. Enseñanza Transversal en Bioética y Bioderecho: Cuadernillos Digitales de Casos CONTENIDO I. Agradecimientos II. Introducción III. Las neurociencias y el derecho ¿neuroderecho? 1. ¿Qué es la neuroética? 2. ¿Qué es el neuroderecho? 3. México a través de su jurisprudencia con relación al uso lúd...
Article
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After genetically engineered Bt cotton lost its effectiveness in central and southern Indian states, pink bollworm infestations have recently returned to farmers' fields and have substantially shifted their vulnerability context. We conceive Bt cotton as a neoliberal technology that is built to protect farmers only temporarily from Lepidopteran pes...
Article
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Crook published a landmark study on the social organization of weavers (or weaverbirds, family Ploceidae) that contributed to the emergence of sociobiology, behavioral ecology, and phylogenetic comparative methods. By comparing ecology, spatial distribution, and mating systems, Crook suggested that the spatial distribution of food resources and bre...
Article
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Researchers have tried to identify the biological causes of delinquency. The earliest criminologists such as Cesare Lombroso (1835-1909) and Raffaele Garofalo (1852-1934) held that certain physical features indicated a "criminal nature", Siegel and McCormick, (2006). Lombroso's manuscript "The Criminal Man" is the most eminent of these initial effo...
Preprint
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How behavior in insect societies is regulated remains a fundamental question in sociobiology. In hymenopteran societies, the queen plays a crucial role in regulating group behavior by affecting individual behavior, physiology, and lifespan through worker gene expression. Honey bee ( Apis mellifera ) queens signal their presence via the queen mandib...
Article
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This action research aims to develop the scientific explanation of grade 10 students using sociobiological case-based learning on the topic "immune system". The target group consisted of 21students who are studying in biology course. The research instruments were: plan of instrument using sociobiological case-based learning, scientific explanation...
Article
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While management and entrepreneurship scholars have displayed comfort in and receptivity towards anthropomorphizing organizations, technologies, and even algorithms, our field has not yet grappled with a mountain of empirical evidence gathered over decades of research in the natural sciences that non-humans may behave entrepreneurially. For reflect...
Article
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The genus Termitomyces-An appraisal of some basic and applied aspects from India. Abstract The mushroom genus Termitomyces is a paleotropic exosymbiont forming mutualistic association with Macrotermitinae, a group of fungal mycelium eating termites. Because of its intimate mutualistic association with termites, culinary credentials and public prefe...
Poster
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Unlike evolutionary psychology, which has developed into a significant field of research for over 30 years, evolutionary sociology has a hard time establishing itself, although there were evolutionary sociologists as early as in the 1970s. Since Wilsons Sociobiology in 1975 every few years evolutionary informed sociologists published “wake-up-calls...
Article
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Diverse animals visit flowers but not all engage in pollination, and only behaviours involving stigmal contact result in successful pollination events. Ethological indices developed for sociobiological contexts (caste evolution) have unrealized potential to provide insights on pollination services but have not been applied in this context before. I...
Article
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As soon as ethology's status diminished in the early 1970s, it was confronted with two successor disciplines, sociobiology and behavioral ecology. They were able to challenge ethology because it no longer provided markers of strong disciplinarity such as theoretical coherence, leading figures and a clear identity. While behavioral ecology developed...
Article
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This paper describes the main ideas of J.Turner related to his concept of Spencer selection. In his concept, he made an attempt to formulate the basic principles of Spencer selection, and also provided an argument showing how H.Spencer's evolutionary approach, contrary to popular belief, can be relevant for sociology today. J.Turner believes that t...
Article
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Using the large datasets available with new gene sequencing and biobank projects, behavioral geneticists are developing tools that attempt to predict individual intelligence based on genetics. These predictive tools are meant to enable a ‘precision education’ that will transform society. These technological developments have not changed the fundame...
Article
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Analyzing the information-rich content of RNA can help uncover genetic events associated with social insect castes or other social polymorphisms. Here, we exploit a series of cDNA libraries previously derived from whole-body tissue of different castes as well as from three behaviourally distinct populations of the Eastern subterranean termite Retic...
Preprint
Full-text available
Crook published a landmark study on the social organization of weavers (or weaverbirds, family Ploceidae) that contributed to the emergence of sociobiology, behavioral ecology, and phylogenetic comparative methods. By comparing ecology, spatial distribution, and mating systems, Crook suggested that the spatial distribution of food resources and bre...
Article
Full-text available
Major susceptibility to alterations in liver function (e.g., hepatic steatosis) in a prone environment due to circadian misalignments represents a common consequence of recent sociobiological behavior (i.e., food excess and sleep deprivation). Natural compounds and, more concisely, polyphenols have been shown as an interesting tool for fighting aga...
Article
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Ants stake out territories, boldly gathering food even from our dinner plates, and rear their progeny in elaborate safe havens. Communicative, persistent , hardworking, battle ready, risk-taking, and highly organized, whether they are agronomists, herders, or hunter-gatherers, ants form elaborate labor forces of superb military operatives and dilig...
Article
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Se reseñan los primeros dos apartes de la Sociobiología (ediciones de 1975 y 2000) de EO Wilson que es una síntesis evolutivo-comportamental sobre vertebrados. Tuvo buena acogida excepto por su capítulo de comportamiento humano que fue rechazado por los marxistas. Se habla de otros autores clave como Steven Pinker y Richard Dawkins (el gen egoísta)...
Chapter
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Drawing on H. G. Wells’ visionary texts, social critique, and revolutionary insights, this chapter revisits and recontextualizes questions raised by Wells almost a century ago around the adequacy of science education curricula to grapple with the still unfolding Anthropocene. Exploring the technological advances in molecular biology that have occur...
Article
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The structures of young families today are becoming increasingly complex, which may impact grandparents’ involvement. I examine whether grandparents’ support to adult children’s households differs for those with biological grandchildren only, versus households with both biological and non-biological (step, unrelated) grandchildren. The resource dil...
Article
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Se presentan los orígenes de la psicología evolucionista cuyos fundamentos se remontan a las obras de Charles R. Darwin (1859, 1871, 1872). En sus principales libros se encuentran referencias a la mente, el comportamiento y la cognición de los seres humanos y de animales no humanos. Darwin afirmaba que la teoría de la evolución contribuiría a enten...
Article
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Advancing inclusive education in countries where children with special needs (CWSNs) are yet to be meaningfully included in regular schools will ensure the progress of Goal 4 of the Sustainable Development Goals. One potent determinant to the effective inclusion of CWSNs is teachers’ intention and efforts to integrate them into their classes. Yet,...
Article
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The objective of this study was to describe the styles of adult attachment and alcohol consumption in young adults, measured through the CaMir-R test and the AUDIT questionnaire, analyzed under the InfoStat statistical program, respectively. Based on a sample of 167 young adults, men and women, between the ages of 18 and 32. The results show that 8...
Article
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There is great diversity in social behavior across the animal kingdom. Understanding the factors responsible for this diversity can help inform theory about how sociality evolves and is maintained. The Australian Tree Skink ( Egernia striolata ) exhibits inter- and intra-population variability in sociality and is therefore a good system for informi...
Article
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Review of the book Mind Games: towards understanding the nature of prejudice and conflict, or how to learn to live in peace by Terrence Webster-Doyle. Mind Games: To understand the roots of prejudice and how to learn live peacefully: a scientific and educational publication. T. Webster-Doyle. Samara Cultural Society Artifact-Cultural Diversity. Sam...
Article
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The theory of universal emotions suggests that certain emotions such as fear, anger, disgust, sadness, surprise and happiness can be encountered cross-culturally. These emotions are expressed using specific facial movements that enable human communication. More recently, theoretical and empirical models have been used to propose that universal emot...
Conference Paper
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‘AI in+form’ explores Artificial Intelligence (AI) informed design flows with a focus on solar designs, where form-finding is not taken simply as an optimal resultant shape, but information that informs energy circulation. Such information comprehends beyond a singular unit to the aggregation of units that operates in a strict relationship with an...
Preprint
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Species as diverse as humans and ants are among the most abundant organisms on Earth, partly because of their ability to form cooperative societies ¹⁻³ . Yet, animals form groups for many reasons 4,5 , and how these differences affect their ‘social conquests’ ² remains unknown. Here we use a theoretical model to demonstrate that the different fitne...
Article
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Group singing elevates mood, increases social bonding, and regulates stress. However, the question remains as to how much of the singer’s mood-boost is derived from social aspects of group singing and how much can be achieved through singing alone. In the current study, we adopted a sociobiological approach to investigate the underpinnings of the m...
Article
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It is not the main intention of this paper to prove that people are unfaithful, neither does it present the scale of the phenomenon, as it is hard, for objective reasons, to obtain reliable data on the subject. The text analyses the motives for, and consequences of infidelity from two different perspectives: sociobiology and the sociology of emotio...
Article
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The hallmark of eusocial insects, honeybees, ants, and termites, is division of labor between reproductive and non-reproductive worker castes. In addition, environmental adaption and ecological dominance are also underpinned by symbiotic associations with beneficial microorganisms. Microbial symbionts are generally considered to be maintained in an...
Article
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Chemical signals are the oldest and most ubiquitous means of mediating intra- and interspecific interactions. The three extant species of elephants, the Asian elephant and the two African species, savanna and forest share sociobiological patterns in which chemical signals play a vital role. Elephants emit secretions and excretions and display behav...
Article
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Background: Human inbreeding is a sociobiological puzzle. Despite widespread knowledge of its potential for genetic disorders, human consanguinity remains surprisingly common. The current reasons explaining its continued persistence in today's modern world have major shortcomings. Summary: We propose that the Neolithic Agrarian revolution modifi...
Article
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Animal bodies in general and faces in particular show mirror symmetry with respect to the median-sagittal plane, with exceptions rarely occurring. Bilateral symmetry to the median sagittal plane of the body also evolved very early. From an evolutionary point of view, it should therefore have fundamental advantages, e.g., more effective locomotion a...
Presentation
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Crisis in Sociology ist der Titel eines Buches der Soziologen Joseph Lopreato und Timothy Crippen. Es wurde 1999 veröffentlicht und fordert eine stärkere Berücksichtigung evolutionären Denkens in der Soziologie. Crisis in Sociology war weder die erste Veröffentlichung innerhalb der Soziologie, die evolutionäres Denken in der Disziplin fordert, noch...
Article
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This review of 1986 of Roger Trigg's book 'Understanding the Social Sciences', despite occasional criticisms, praises his book for his treatment of Verstehen, or Wittgensteinian approaches, of sociobiology and of much else besides.
Article
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This study focuses on the foundations of Slo-vak critical environmentalism laid by work of Juraj Kučírek, who is also the author of the first ever monograph fo-cused on the philosophical reflection of the causes and possible consequences of the global environmental crisis in Slovakia. Kučírek pointed out the need to combine reflection on subsequent...
Article
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In 2000, a controversial article about hormones and gender roles was published to stimulate debate about whether and how biological knowledge should be integrated in sociological research. Two decades later, this so-called biosociology debate is more relevant than ever, as biological knowledge has become widespread across societies and scientific d...
Article
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Am 4. Juli dieses Jahres verstarb Richard „Dick“ Lewontin im Alter von 92 Jahren und damit einer der vehementesten innerwissenschaftlichen Kritiker*innen biologischer Reduktionismen. Als Evolutionsgenetiker forschte Lewontin zur Bedeutung und Allgegenwart genetischer Variabilität und war an wichtigen technischen Neuentwicklungen beteiligt. Im deuts...
Article
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Long-range signaling, such as acoustic communication, is best understood within the broader context of all potential receivers. Exactly what kind of information is transmitted or obtained is a matter of debate. To address this issue, we describe the communication network of a population of wild siamangs (Symphalangus syndactylus), small territorial...
Research Proposal
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Aiming at Cognitive integrity and integration overload for complex content identification, modeling, processing, and service optimization in the context of massive content interaction in multi-dimensional, multi-modal, multi-scale physical and digital space, we start from the identification and clarity of the uncertain semantics contained in the in...
Thesis
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This thesis addresses two long-standing dilemmas in personality psychology. The first dilemma is that of identifying the latent dimensions of personality. The second is to identify how best to measure psychological constructs. Novel solutions to both of these problems are presented in two articles. The first article (published), ‘An atlas of person...
Article
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The COVID-19 pandemic is a global challenge. In this essay, we argue that a sociobiological perspective can help us understand the progression and consequences of human behavior during the coronavirus pandemic and help governments and individuals to make informed decisions. Our objective was to elucidate some human behavioral issues during the COVI...
Article
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Parrotfishes contribute to important reef processes through their feeding. Individuals may join groups with distinctive social behavior, with unknown implications for their feeding ecology and, ultimately, their functional roles in reef systems. Using Scarus iseri populations in Isla Colón, Panama, we investigated whether individuals belonging to t...
Article
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Recent environmental humanities scholarship has argued that environmental illness memoirs perform important cultural work by recasting health as an environmental issue. In this article, I show how EI autobiography hearkens back to a longer tradition of health travel with deep colonial resonances. I explore such connections by means of a comparative...
Article
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Quienes asisten a un nacimiento traen al mundo una nueva vida y moldean a la vez su futura identidad. Separan dos cuerpos, exponen al neonato, lo examinan y pronuncian el veredicto sobre su aceptación para luego incorporarlo en el grupo. Los gestos de parteras, familiares o ayudantes celestiales crean así seres vivos y, al mismo tiempo, miembros de...
Article
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Psychology research on men studies, attractiveness, and partner preferences has evolved from the influence of sociobiological perspectives to the role of interactions in shaping election toward sexual–affective relationships and desire toward different kinds of masculinities. However, there is a scientific gap in how language and communicative acts...
Article
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The article raises the hypothesis that the activity of imagination cannot be fully described by a functional description. To this end, two positions are analyzed: the philosophy of Cornelius Castoriadis, who emphasizes social imaginary and radical imagination, is juxtaposed with Gilbert Simondon’s theory of cyclic and genetic images. Castoriadis’s...
Article
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Biofilms are bacterial communities encased in a rigid yet dynamic extracellular matrix. The sociobiology of bacterial communities within a biofilm is astonishing, with environmental factors playing a crucial role in determining the switch from planktonic to a sessile form of life. The mechanism of biofilm biogenesis is an intriguingly complex pheno...
Article
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Across many species, scream calls signal the affective significance of events to other agents. Scream calls were often thought to be of generic alarming and fearful nature, to signal potential threats, with instantaneous, involuntary, and accurate recognition by perceivers. However, scream calls are more diverse in their affective signaling nature...
Article
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Objective: We test whether real online-user mating behavior corresponds with expectations from both the sociobiological and social perspectives and explore the age differentials that individuals opt for when searching for a mate and how this evolves relative to the user’s age and gender. Background: Age plays a vital role in partner choice. Previo...
Article
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"Basándose en los trabajos del naturalista Charles Darwin, disciplinas como la sociobiología y psicología evolucionista (específicamente, la escuela de Santa Barbara) han sostenido que la mente humana fue moldeada por la selección natural. Para sus representantes, tal como ocurre con la anatomía, las habilidades cognitivas del ser humano son result...
Article
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It is the artist's duty today to penetrate yet-unseen ranges of the biological functions, to search the new dimensions of the industrial society and to translate the new findings into emotional orientation. The artist unconsciously disentangles the most essential strands of existence from the contorted and chaotic complexities of actuality , and we...
Article
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The general idea of this paper is to present a model that could explain which characteristics of the human reflex arc are inherited by the system of an organization’s human resources when they respond to a signal incoming from the global environment. The possibility of inheritance in an organization is discussed in the theories associated with Soci...
Book
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Starting from a description of the modern human condition, this work asks what might constitute a good life today. Central points of reference are ancient and modern hedonistic ethics, the genealogical method following Nietzsche and Foucault, sociobiological explorations, the controversy about human freedom and determinacy, as well as contemporary...
Article
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The article discusses the factors that encourage the use of the achievements of the broadly understood current of sociobiology in political science research. The guiding thesis here is the assumption that the effective use of the achievements of sociobiology for political science research may be an important factor inspiring new interpretations, ex...
Chapter
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Neotropical social wasps have a set of chimeric characteristics that make them unique and difficult to fit into current theories on the evolution of social behavior (Noll and Wenzel, Biol J Linn Soc 93: 509–22, 2008). Among them, the presence of more than one functional queen (polygyny), absence of strong morphological differentiation, and flexibil...
Article
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The research examined criminal cases of the Army Court of the First Republic of Lithuania: routine cases of sexual offences committed by soldiers. When analysing sexual crimes committed by one exclusive interwar Lithuanian social group – soldiers in military service – the article seeks to find out what factors in the society of that time may have i...
Article
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The transition from an irregular understanding of nature as a given to the regulatory concepts of human development is one of the central philosophical and socio-humanitarian issues in the development of not only biotechnologies, but also society as a whole. In the theory of philosophy of biomedicine, the discussion is structured as the positioning...
Chapter
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Urban Resilience is seen by many as a tool to mitigate harm in times of extreme social, political, financial, and environmental stress. Despite its widespread usage, however, resilience is used in different ways by policy makers, activists, academics, and practitioners. Some see it as a key to unlocking a more stable and secure urban future in time...
Chapter
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This chapter, co-written by Koenraad Danneels, Greet De Block, and Bruno Notteboom, examines the influence of Belgian natural scientists and urban designers in creating a socio-environmental perspective on urban resilience. The first part of the chapter looks at the idea of the ‘sociobiological city,’ which was developed by landscape architect Loui...
Article
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Muscle weakness, measured by grip strength, is associated with disability, physical functioning and mortality; however, the sociobiologic underpinnings of muscle weakness are poorly understood. Immune response to cytomegalovirus (CMV), as measured by immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody levels, is often used as a marker of immunosenescence with higher a...
Article
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Background Environmental biofilms can induce attachment and protection of other microorganisms including pathogens, but can also prevent them from invasion and colonization. This opens the possibility for so-called biocontrol strategies, wherein microorganisms are applied to control the presence of other microbes. The potential for both positive an...
Article
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Background The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has claimed lots of lives, posing a dire threat to global health. It was predicted that the coronavirus outbreak in the African population would be very lethal and result to economic devastation owing to the prevalence of immune-compromised population, poverty, low lifespan, fragile health care sy...
Article
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Social insects have co-existed with microbial species for millions of years and have evolved a diversity of collective defenses, including the use of antimicrobials. While many studies have revealed strategies that ants use against microbial entomopathogens, and several have shown ant-produced compounds inhibit environmental bacterial growth, few s...
Article
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In 2019, the American Association of Physical Anthropologists issued a statement on biological aspects of race, concluding that “pure races, in the sense of genetically homogenous populations, do not exist in the human species today, nor is there any evidence that they have ever existed in the past.” The statement continues: “… The only living spec...
Article
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The events of the recent SARS-CoV-2 epidemics have shown the importance of social factors, especially given the large number of asymptomatic cases that effectively spread the virus, which can cause a medical emergency to very susceptible individuals. Besides, the SARS-CoV-2 virus survives for several hours on different surfaces, where a new host ca...
Chapter
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This chapter, co-written by Koenraad Danneels, Greet De Block, and Bruno Notteboom, examines the influence of Belgian natural scientists and urban designers in creating a socio-environmental perspective on urban resilience. The first part of the chapter looks at the idea of the ‘sociobiological city,’ which was developed by landscape architect Loui...
Article
Full-text available
What do corruption, resource overexploitation, climate inaction, vaccine hesitancy, traffic congestion, and even cancer metastasis have in common? All these socioeconomic and sociobiological phenomena are known as social dilemmas because they embody in one form or another a fundamental conflict between immediate self-interest and long-term collecti...
Article
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The journal Sociobiology announces the adoption of a series of editorial innovations that aim to speed up review and publication time, to select high quality articles for publication, to adopt transparent and ethical editorial standards and to reinforce the culture of open acess scientific publishing.
Book
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Biosocial Worlds presents state-of-the-art contributions to anthropological reflections on the porous boundaries between human and non-human life – biosocial worlds. Based on changing understandings of biology and the social, it explores what it means to be human in these worlds. Growing separation of scientific disciplines for more than a century...
Article
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The last few decades have seen the structural and functional elucidation of small-molecule chemical signals called ascarosides in C. elegans. Ascarosides mediate several biological processes in worms, ranging from development, to behavior. These signals are modular in their design architecture, with their building blocks derived from metabolic path...
Preprint
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The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has claimed lots of lives, posing a dire threat to public health and the global economy. The present study determined the severe acute respiratory syndrome-2 (SARS-CoV-2) genomic variability and the contributory factors to the observed low fatality rate in Africa. To assess the SARS-CoV-2 mutational landscap...
Article
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Collective defense is one of the most ubiquitous behaviors performed by social groups. Because of its importance, complex societies may engage a set of defensive specialists, with physical and/or neurological attributes tuned for defense against specific invaders. These strategies must be balanced, however, with the need to flexibly respond to diff...