Social Media

Social Media

  • Desmond Ekeh added an answer:
    Do you know any research about changes in perception of ethics and morality in the Internet?

    I'm looking for papers about changes in the morality and ethics which are caused by using the Internet. Do you know anything about that kind of impact? I found some really interesting papers, where authors prove that computer mediated communication may lead to much greater selfishness, relativism and treating others "less human". I'm looking for more results like this.

    I would be very grateful for any hint and answer.

    Desmond Ekeh
    1. What you are looking for implies media effect. Media effect studies seem to be so difficult to deal with especially when you focus on direct effect or direct impact. Because there are other mediating and intervention factors proving direct correlation is a difficult task. I suggest you do a little literature review of effect studies and then zero in on mediated communication. I will surely send links across to you if I get something very closer to your need beyond the general idea of effect or impact studies.
  • Emad Abu-Shanab added an answer:
    What are the benefits and limitations of the current use of Web 2.0 technologies? Do the benefits of these technologies outweigh the limitations?

    Consider the importance of social media and other Web 2.0 technologies in the context of cultural heritage.

    Emad Abu-Shanab

    we also need to take into consider he security level requested in the process. As we know the security level is not to the level we might need at some stage (I mean assignments and exams.). Also, the ID need to be carefully studied... If we need to make a specific ID fro class purposes, then where would the natural social aspect fit.

  • Farzaneh Sharifi added an answer:
    What are the differences between Social Media and Social Networks?

    Farzaneh Sharifi

    thanks a lot for answering my question

  • Mohammad Aslam Ansari added an answer:
    To what extent is the role of social medias valid in crisis situations?
    Especially in the context of reputation management strategy during crisis communication? Can this role be the same for both developed and developing nations?
    Mohammad Aslam Ansari

    Social media can help mitigate risks and aid in relief measures in natural disasters/ emergencies. However, in 'social' crises such as communal riots or conflicts, its role is like a double edged sword - it can help  public authorities in ensuring security and peace measures; but on the other hand, it can be used by miscreants in spreading rumours and unverified information which can be dangerous.

  • Jesse Fox added an answer:
    Research on the influence of political social media accounts on election survey results?

    What do you think of the influence of political social media accounts on the election or pre-election survey results?

    Any recent research on the influence of tweets, facebook or instagram posts made by politicians?

  • Artha Ananda added an answer:
    Which type of image data can accumulate due to use of social media applications?

    Due to Social media applications like facebook, image data is accumulating. Which type (category) of images usually is it?  E.g.  In general image data can be categories as medical images, ultrasound images, Remote sensing images, etc.

    Artha Ananda

    If you retrieve the (raw) API data of Facebook, usually the "type" field of the posts are: photo, video, status, cover photo, link, event, status , etc. As fas as I know, FB has not classified them into more detailed "type" of image according to the source of image, if that is what you are asking. 


  • Cheryl Withaneachi added an answer:
    Can social media be used effectively in the classroom or is it too distracting?

    There are a number of possible ways to use social media to benefit learning in the classroom, but do the entertainment and social qualities/values also inhibit learning and focus.  It is too tempting to "also" check social media for other reasons in an educational context?  Do students have enough self-control or discipline? I'm not sure adults do (smile).

    Is it possible to use a tool that is designed for both entertainment/social reasons BUT can also be used for learning? 

    Cheryl Withaneachi

    No problem. It largely depends on the kind of students you have and what kind of person you are as a lecturer that determines their level of participation and discipline. But no two situations are alike, that's the thing about  technology and people, the variables often change.

  • Thierry W. LEVI-FAICT added an answer:
    Social media: Downvoting and degrading in social networks – What are the reasons? - What are the reactions?
    We have recently seen a lot of down-votings in some threads. We also saw different kinds of reactions on this phenomenon. I would like to ask a question about these reactions.

    First I assume that there are several possible reasons for downvotings: dissent – misunderstandings – misuse of buttons without knowing it– a social scientist who writes a paper about the reactions – a test carried out by RG – some technical problem, etc.

    I would like to have a discussion about the reactions on the part of researchers. We have seen calls to ban down-voters or to cancel their anonymity. Elections in democracies are anonymous and there are good reasons for this. I think most of us agree about some basic traits of democracy, the right to stay anonymous is among them. What about these basics in social media?
    Thierry W. LEVI-FAICT

     You're right about that and I really agree but as far as I've been able to see it's sometimes hard to find a reason for a down vote and it looked to me rather aggressive and not necessarily related to the quality of the answer. In fact, I've probably got some but I don't check and I don't care about it. I do prefer discussions with opposite arguments rather than giving bad points...

  • Nabila Nisha added an answer:
    How has technology and social media affected your life? What happens when technology fails us?
    I have just released a collection of stories from India and Australia that reflect on the way in which technology has infiltrated our lives, for better or worse. Stories cover the topics of crime, mystery, relationships, social media, the arms race, the 24 hour relentless media cycle, how social media impacts on the way we use language, tragedy and much more. Each story shows another aspect of technology and us. So I am interested to know: what impact does technology and social media have on you and your life?
    Nabila Nisha

    • Source
      [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
      ABSTRACT: Globally, Bangladesh has become a success story for mobile phone-based financial services as the sector recently witnessed a robust growth of 186% in the country’s mobile financial transactions and an expansion of 262% in the number of mobile banking subscribers. However, a large section of both urban and rural people are still unwilling to accept and use mobile banking services. There is a need, therefore, to understand why users accept and use mobile banking and to identify the factors that can affect their intentions to use mobile banking in Bangladesh. Extending the UTAUT model with age and gender as moderating effects, this study employed proposed constructs of personal innovativeness, anxiety, perceived credibility, perceived financial cost and perceived self-efficacy to examine the factors that can influence user’s intention to use mobile banking. Moreover, this study has both theoretical and managerial implications. Theoretically, drawing upon relevant literature, this study aims to provide a model that is capable of understanding the determinants behind the adoption of mobile banking in Bangladesh. From a managerial perspective, the findings of this research should provide further insights into understanding and managing potential and current mobile banking users. This study can also assist banks to discover why potential users avoid using the existing mobile banking system in Bangladesh.
      Full-text · Chapter · Jan 2015
  • Robin Holding Kay added an answer:
    How do you motivate K-12 teachers to be consumers of research and evidence?

    Evidence-based teaching is now being encouraged by numerous educational factions and Hattie's meta-analyses have really helped.  However, it appears that many K-12 teachers focus on teaching (nor surprisingly) and rarely find the time or are motivated or have access to educational research.  Furthermore, research articles, in general, tend to be dry and excessively detailed.  So how do we motivate teachers/educators to be consumers?  Perhaps different formats are needed like short-video clips summaries or info-graphics, or social media summaries.  Maybe my question should be, “How do we get K-12 teachers to read our research?”

    Robin Holding Kay

    @Ken - I use the medical model often when examining the role of evidence or lack there of in education.  I would be curious to know more about how the shift occurred in medicine.  Was there pressure from above NOT to use evidence as there is in education?  Did leaders pretend they were using evidence when the were not? Were practice forced on doctors due to political pressure?  In other  words, how did  medicine escape  the non-research bind?

  • Jeremy Muratore added an answer:
    Social Media Metrics
    Can anyone recommend sources of information on metrics to get the ROI from social media?
    Jeremy Muratore

    There are a few ways.

    The direct way is to ensure that all social media efforts are tagged the same way was your other campaign assets - then you can measure the campaign ROI using whatever marketing attribution model you use for everything else (ex. 1st touch, last touch, assisted conversions).

    Then you have to approach it from a media value standpoint - the same way a media buyer would - reach & impressions, engagement, etc.

    And then approach it like a PR professional and do a brand impact study to quantify the branding and brand reputation value.

    The important thing is to make sure that you have visibility into as much data you can muster for of the key data points.

    One thing that I have been a firm believer of is that social is a lot like celery when it comes to ROI. Celery has negative calories, and social media costs, in relationship to other forms of media, are so low, it basically makes your entire marketing mix cost per impression, lead, etc. go down.

    That's the real value of social - it's like a good quarterback in football - it makes everyone around (all marketing activity) - more effective.

  • Robin Effing added an answer:
    Social media vs Social capital
    Hi everyone, My name is Sara and I am interested in the possibilities social media provide in order to gather/ share social capital.
    Robin Effing

    A nice introductionary book is The Whuffie Factor,

  • Jeanette Novakovich added an answer:
    How would you define social media and what tools/platforms/networks/apps/ do you consider social media technologies?

    Most often, I see Kaplan and Haenlein's (2010) definition of social media cited in research articles: “A group of Internet- based applications that build on the ideological and technological foundations of Web 2.0 and that allow the creation and exchange of user-generated content” (p. 61).

    With respect to social presence and media richness, applications such as collaborative projects (e.g., Wikipedia) and blogs score lowest, as they are often text-based and hence only allow for a relatively simple exchange. On the next level are content communities (e.g., YouTube) and social networking sites (e.g., Facebook) which, in addition to text-based communication, enable the sharing of pictures, videos, and other forms of media. On the highest level are virtual game and social worlds (e.g., World of Warcraft, Second Life), which try to replicate all dimensions of face-to-face interac- tions in a virtual environment” (p. 63).

    Recently, Carr and Hayes (2015)  published a rather interesting article defining social media in such a way it would stick until 2035:)

    Carr, C.T. & Hayes, R.A. (2015). Social Media: Defining, Developing, and Divining, Atlantic Journal of Communication, 23:1, 46-65, DOI: 10.1080/15456870.2015.972282 

    The definition: "Social media are Internet-based channels that allow users to opportunistically interact and selectively self-present, either in real-time or asynchronously, with both broad and narrow audiences who derive value from user-generated content and the perception of interaction with others” (p. 50).

    Social Medium

    Social network sites (e.g., Facebook, QQ, GoogleC, YouTube, Yelp, Pheed) 
􏰀  Professional network sites (e.g., LinkedIn, IBM’s Beehive) 
􏰀  Chatboards & discussion for a 􏰀  Social/Casual games (e.g., Farmville) 
􏰀  Wiki “Talk” pages 
􏰀  Tinder 
􏰀  Instagram 
􏰀  Wanelo 
􏰀  Yik Yak 

    Not a Social Medium

    􏰀 Online news services (e.g., NYT online, 􏰀 Wikipedia 􏰀 Skype
􏰀 Netflix
􏰀 E-mail 􏰀 Online news 􏰀 SMS/Texts 􏰀 Oovoo 
􏰀 Tumblr 􏰀 Whisper

     I was surprised to see Tumblr on the list of “not a social media”. Should blogs not be included?

    Jeanette Novakovich


  • Efe Sevin added an answer:
    Can you access historical Tweets for a specific hashtag?

    I am undertaking research into the effectiveness of social media campaigns on domestic normative human rights change.  I am looking to code both the independent (social media) and the dependent (government policies) variables.  I would therefore need to access historical data sets from Twitter based on hashtags.  Is there any way to gather this data given the 7 day restriction?  Although not a programmer, I am happy to learn some coding to write my own scripts if necessary.  I just want to be sure that it is even possible to write scripts to access historical Tweets before I go down this route.  Many thanks!

    Efe Sevin

    Reilly, GNIP cost is going to be $1000 per search (up to 40 days of search period, and 1 million tweets) if they haven't changed their policies recently. 

    Even when you code, the public (free) API is limited to 14 days. So, if you need anything that is older than 14 days, you will need to pay.

    Depending on your needs, one of the website on this link might be helpful:

    Another alternative is to go through users. Instead of a hashtag search, if you are okay with getting all the tweets sent by individual users, you can use

  • Kevin Larkin added an answer:
    Research on social media used by teachers or lecturers for homework or contact with students?

    Any recent research on whether and how teachers or lecturers are using Facebook, Twitter or other social media plattforms in order to inform their students about homework, sickness or other relevant topics?

    At the University of Düsseldorf, Germany a lecturer is informing his students about homework exclusively over Twitter in order to make them use it.

    Kevin Larkin

    Hi Andreas,

    I have just completed working with colleagues on a grant investigating the use of technology in higher education - one of the ten case studies investigated the use of social media so there might be something for you.

    Link is provided below,

    Regards, Kevin

  • Navdeep Sharma added an answer:
    Are there any theories related to social media?
    Theorizing Social Media
    Navdeep Sharma

    This paper discuss social theories (Social correlation theory, Balance theory and social status theory) for mining social media data.


  • Ademir Macedo Nascimento added an answer:
    Do you know any special case about the use of social media by mayorships?

    I have seen that a lot of mayorships are on social media, but a lot of them don't create good relationships with citizens. Do you any good example os relationship between mayorships e citizens on social media?

    Ademir Macedo Nascimento

    Thank you very much Rozália. These articles will help me a lot.

    Thank you Deborah, I'll follow the Boris Johnson profile.

  • Peter Samuels added an answer:
    What statistical test can be used to determine tbe affect of a contious independent variable ( social media) and the dependent variable (diet) ?

     The title of my research project is : the influence of various social media ( instagram, facebook and twitter) on the diets of a university population. 

    Peter Samuels

    Dear Socia,

    To answer your question statistically, the effect of a single continuous variable on another continuous variable should first be explored with a scatter plot. If the dispersion of points appears to be 'cigar shaped' then you can attempt a Pearson correlation and simple linear regression. If it doesn't then you should try a Spearman rank correlation.

    If, however, your dependent variable is categorical rather than continuous then you should use binary, multinomial or ordinal logistic regression. Again, you should start with appropriate descriptive statistics to evaluate whether the test's assumptions are satisfied.

  • Prem Nath Panday added an answer:
    Can social media be an enabler for better co-creation outcomes? Are there any papers specific to this issue?
    How different tools of social media can help co-creation outcomes to become more fruitful for both the parties involved
    Prem Nath Panday

    I have recently published my paper  - Impact of social media on Indian Retail sector Supply Chain

  • Emmanuel Mogaji added an answer:
    Does collecting responses through social media involve some more intricacies?

    I am working on a research related to the cooperative based microfinance. I have collected some opinions on a question posted on a specialized online group of microfinance professionals and researchers. I have a few queries regarding the responses collected through this medium.

    Is there a special name for opinions collected on a research topic over some online platform (say LinkedIn group)?

    Is this method alright or has some inherent weaknesses? Are their ways to overcome?

    Can we apply the same qualitative analysis tools to the responses or some specific techniques exist to analyze the responses collected on social media/blogs?

    Emmanuel Mogaji

    Another issue I often think of is the validity and rigour of the research.

  • Godson O Okafor added an answer:
    Is there any paper discussing the way mobile media platforms -Facebok, Amazon, Google and Apple, mainly- should be regulated or not?

    As far as these platforms have built their own private regulation spaces and they cater for millions of users worldwide -thus, they hold a certain degree of market powe-r, their activity and the kind of relationhips between the platform users -both sides- and the platform ruler should be -or not- submitted to public regulation. 

    Godson O Okafor
    Presently in Nigeria, I believe that the regulatory framework is being developed.
  • Lidia Fotia added an answer:
    What is your opinion on privacy and social media?
    The protection of private life is essential since a possible injury might be impossible to repair. The video gives a larger view of the invasion of private life caused by social media with a distinct emphasis on FB as the first mover in this business, but in the end only refers to possible financial damages. In my opinion the safety of the internet transactions is only a secondary aspect of a much bigger problem, which is protection of privacy on internet. I am asking for you opinion.
    Lidia Fotia

    This is my opinion:

    • Source
      [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
      ABSTRACT: Social network Likes, as the “Like Button” records of Facebook, can be used to automatically and accurately predict highly sensitive personal attributes. Even though this could be done for non malicious reasons, for example to improve products, services, and targeting, it represents a dangerous invasion of privacy with sometimes intolerable consequences. Anyway, completely defusing the information power of Likes appears improper. In this paper, we propose a mechanism able to keep Likes unlinkable to the identity of their authors, but to allow the user to choose every time she expresses a Like, those non-identifying (even sensitive) attributes she wants to reveal. This way, anonymous analysis relating Likes to various characteristics of the population is preserved, with no risk for users' privacy. The protocol is shown to be secure and also ready to the possible future evolution of social networks towards P2P fully distributed models.
      Full-text · Conference Paper · Jul 2013

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  • Kevin Larkin added an answer:
    Can someone please help me to find out articles related to social media use in education field?

    Can someone please help me to find out articles related to social media use in education field?

    Kevin Larkin

    Hi Nisha,

    My colleagues and I have just completed a research project regarding the technology use of university students - we had thought that social media use would have figured prominently and positively - but this was not always the case. I have pasted below the link to the project website. 

    Regards, Kevin

  • Krishnan Umachandran added an answer:
    How can social media affect students' self-assuredness, and self-esteem ?

    social media and students' self-assurance , self-trust, self-esteem. 

    Krishnan Umachandran

    Social networking sites (SNSs), such as Facebook, provide abundant social comparison opportunities.

  • Louis Warner added an answer:
    How is the propaganda machine of Islamic State or IS working on social media, and to what extend is it affecting young muslims in Western countries?

    Hi All,

    I am preparing my PhD proposal and my topic is set " Social Media and Terrorist Propaganda". As I have stated above, I have come up with 2 questions that are both related but different in nature. I am searching for theories and methods that would fit my research questions. My ideas are still shaping so, any comment is welcome. 


    Louis Warner

    HI Sefa, I have recently completed a short study which investigated the different narratives used by IS to recruit women in Western and Gulf states. This may give you a snapshot of the differences in approach IS takes and the role of social media.

    Hope this helps

  • Ahmed Elmezeny added an answer:
    What are the best examples (practitioner/empirical/popular media) of social media being utilized for un/democratic purposes in school settings?

    I am interested both in how students, teachers, and citizens have used social media for or against democracy with an eye towards how social media can be used towards the ends of democratic citizenship. While practitioner examples and empirical studies are preferred, popular media stories will be useful also. Thanks!

    Ahmed Elmezeny

    This is not a very academic answer but you should check out an episode of the sitcom Community entitled "App Developments and Condiments".

    The episode has two students beta test a social media platform that allows ranking of people (MeowMeowBeanz) in the community college. The app quickly changes harmless fun into a hierarchical, classist society.

    It's an exaggeration of exactly what you're looking for!  

  • Monica Fait added an answer:
    How do Non-Profit Organizations use Social Media and Social Media related tools?
    I am interested in the usage of Social Media/Social Media tools in NPOs/NGOs. Are there any related studies. So far I could not find (many) studies for the German market.
    Monica Fait

    I am interested in the usage of Social Media/Social Media tools in NPOs/NGOs for recruiting volunteer and employees. Are there any related studies. So far I could not find (many) studies for the European market.

  • Jyh Wee Sew added an answer:
    What can we do with the comments (on networking sites or on news sites) that are either apparently or potentially biased in politics?

    When I look into the 2016 presidential candidates, the comments below every news post seem to be biased (either apparently or potentially). I try not to think these data should be discredited because of the obvious political stance, but what can we do with them in any research? What do they reflect, for example?

    In this particular online news report, when candidate number 3 is "mocked," a large number of users who support him flooded in and left comments. In this case their political is made exceptionally clear thanks to profile picture generator. Of all the 74 comments, 40 of them (excluding 8 by the same users) are by users whose profile pictures say loudly 'number 3.' 

    **And now the election is over (01/16); it turned out that candidate 3 got 12.84% of all votes. It seems that the comments, the threads, and posts on the internet neither correspond with the polls nor reflect the actual voting. Even though it may seem self-evident that the overwhelmingly supportive comments do not predict anything, I can't help wonder, then, what can we gain from them. (18 de enero)

    Jyh Wee Sew

    We can profile the various shades in from a series of comments as they may not be just black and white; east or west; democrat or republican, straight or gay. Between the extremes they are various political spectrums. The findings becomes useful to sway opinions or win the less extreme opponents over. For exampe we see Trump adding momentum by tackling issues without necessary for us to take to any sides. Even within the same political party fractions exist and opportunities to persuade are intact.

  • Liam French added an answer:
    Does anyone have any articles on why blogs can be considered as a social media?

    There are some opinions urges that  blogs aren't classified as a social media because of it's characteristics are different  from other social media.    

    Liam French

    Try this journal article - ethnographic study of blogging as a social activity. Provides some useful insights into motivations for blogging and reiterates some of the points made by respondent number two concerning interactivity. 

    + 1 more attachment

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