Science topic

Social Welfare - Science topic

Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.
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I would like to hear from researchers and academics who are doing any research work or project on occupational social work, and especially work on preparing workers for retirement from a social welfare/social work perspective.
A possible collaboration on research on the topic or even preparing a paper for publication or even exploring possibility of starting a research project on the topic are all possibilities. Happy to hear from any researchers or academics.
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thank you for your comments
best!
John k
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My understanding is that income taxes discourage earning. When income taxes are increased, people discourage to earn more, which negatively affects national income and finally social welfare. Reducing indirect tax therefore can increase national income and as a trickle-down effect will reduce poverty.
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I am also with you, but many argue another way because of poverty. I think with a certain modification, indirect taxes support economic growth faster than direct taxes on earnings, which may be sustainable and help poverty eliminate successfully.
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Public policy is enacted with the vision to govern the particular sector fairly and achieve optimal social welfare. Is it possible to develop some holistic indicators that particularly identifies the impact of public policy in absolute as well as in relative terms?
What is your opinion to really measure the impact of public policy?
How do we detect whether there is an issue with policy provision(s) or implementation strategy?
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When evaluating the effect of public policy think about the direct effect (stated objective of the policy) and possible short run and long run indirect effects. Next, list down the measurable indicators (like health status/ education, etc.) that you wish to examine. Then using appropriate qualitative and quantitative approaches one can evaluate the effectiveness of the policy.
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Zakat is the third pillar of Islam and it is an obligatory
payment that a free and rational Muslim who owns a certain amount of wealth has to observe. Its importance in Islam is manifested by the numerous pairings of its obligation to that of prayer (salah) in the Quran. Among the fundamentals of Islam, it has the most direct economic implications on Muslims for it involves the distribution of wealth from the affluent in society to those in need.
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عامل مهم في تعزيز العدالة الاجتماعية
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Any arrangement done by older people for fund their later life, to be able to financially independent or secure can be a area related to public affairs. If not so, broadly what are the various categories or areas where we can put it.
Thanking You.
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Pension contributions for the aged basically come in different forms per the standing order of the new pension schemes available. if the aged was a worker in the public sector, then he would fall under the obligatory contribution category. also these same people can decide to make contrributions to private schemes which is more like a savings scheme. But if the aged find themselves in the informal, there is still a scheme available for them to make voluntary contributions towards old age. These groupings are in the Defined Contribution schemes.
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Social welfare and social work in China have always been very vague and little known. I will conduct a survey of people living in the community to discuss the direction of social welfare development in China at the next decade.
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Interesting Question. Look forward to insights.
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The World Food Programme of the United Nations effectively deployed humanitarian aid to 10,000 Syrian refugees using Ethereum, a blockchain-based crypto currency.
In this massive deployment, unlike earlier mobile money solutions built around smartphones, the personal biometrics (eye scan, fingerprints) were used to verify the beneficiary.
The question then becomes; Will an electronic payment system (global or local) built on Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT), ie the Blockchain, necessarily require smartphones in order to be efficient and effective in its diffusion and adoption by end-users, especially those in the low-wage earning demographic ?  What is the best role for the smartphone is this ecosystem ?
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Dear colleague,
Please refer to these papers....
I hope they help.
regards
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What do you think about European Social Model? Is it a good way to describe social policy in Europe? Is it really a policy goal or only an idea?
Do you know any articles about it?
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Am in line with Arvydas Guogis
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Thousands of research published in scientific journals and in all aspects of life Did this research change the lives of our communities for the better?
Share your opinion
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I also share the previous comments, which indicate that the ultimate goal of research should be to improve the life of society, from different points of view: health, education, environment, ... But don't forget that many scientific or technological advances, or the models that allow to describe or interpret certain phenomena, or the improvement of certain useful devices in specific areas, ..., require research at a more theoretical level, whose results will be very positive, later, in the field of applications.
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Hi!!
I am trying to develop a recursive dynamic QCP problem. The objective function in my model is the sum of consumer and producer surplus (social welfare). The base year is 2010 and I want to solve up to 2030.
If anyone can guide me through this it would be of great help!!
Thanks in advance!!
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Hi Mary!!
Thank you so much for your reply!! I shall look into the link you mentioned!
Thank you :)
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Under normal democratic outcomes(the majority view wins the democratic contest) or normal liberal democracies, traditional conservatism is against big governments, bail outs, social welfare, deficits.....because they are seen as benefitting the majority...what traditional conservatives see as bad socialism...
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The 2016 coming of USEXIT/an extreme democratic outcome(the minority view wins the democratic outcome) or extreme liberal democracy indicates that there has been a shift from traditional conservative thinking to flipped conservative thinking in the USA, as now things that were bad such as bail out such as the bail out of famers or increasing deficits are okay...like good socialism.
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And this raises the question: Is flipped conservatism at the heart of extreme democratic outcomes like USEXIT/Trumpism?
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What do you think?
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In international context several solutions can be found for housing affordability, e.g. social and municipal housing; maximizing the rental fees by regulation (Berlin, München and Hamburg); state support for tenants or for the landlords.
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Supporting young people in home purchase by: guaranteeing credit and / or subsidizing interest .
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We may agree on the fact that political parties, of course those with ambitious schemes and plans, can help achieve social welfare, but it is also possible that the well being of individuals or rather the realization of more privileges and rights can be the outcome of physical force activities, namely protests and strikes. Which wing are you with?
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the interactions of three spheres of life - family and civil society, market, the political system and other institutions - produce the most significant changes. In many cases, the change is produced by what happens in the civil society, others are market pressures, others are the political system. Still, to understand the complex nature of changes in these social spheres of life and relation with other spheres of life, keep in mind the distinction between Systemic integration and Social integration and the different conceptualizations has had over the years (Lockwood, 1964 ; Habermas, 1984; 1987; Archer, 1996a; 1996b)
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I would like to analyse the ideological, economic and political theoretical foundations of Neo-liberalism in order to understand its impact and association with de detriment of social protection programs. Any suggestions?
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Check the extensive bibliographies of John McMurtry's books since 1998. They are a gold mine.
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For example I can have more profit??
Or make a good market playing role for have better market social welfare??
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You may want to look at game theory as one of the incidentals you are keeping in view.
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The microfinance sector in Mexico is a complex mix of institutions. There are institutions with diverse approaches for profitability, legal barriers and management philosophy. Since 2009 the sector includes two new players with a social engagement that implies low profitability but high social welfare because that focus on financial excluded people. The stability of these institutions is an important topic for study. In particular is interesting identify: what are the key factors related to profitability in microfinance institutions in Mexico?
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In micro finance, the two key factors are margins and scale.
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For my reasearch I use survey data of households. In order to explain my question, my model can be written as:
attitude social welfare= β_1+β_2 age+β_3 education+β_4 income+β_5 occupation+β_6 attitude towards immigrants+ ⋯ + ε
attitude towars immigrants= = β_1+β_2 age+β_3 education+β_4 income+β_5 occupation+pessimistic view own financial situation+ ⋯+ ε
The attitude towards immigrants is endogenous in the first regression. Based on previous literature, this attitude depends on several characteristics. These characteristics however also have an impact on the attitude about social welfare. How can I model this using STATA?
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You can check our model on age and attitude ….
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I can think of various types of rationality to distribute public spending, such as political motives, the level of regional per capita income or the maximization of social welfare.
I have read papers on transfers, for public consumption and public investment, from the central government to a region. However, I do not find any study on the distribution of public spending among several regions.
Does anyone know papers on this subject?
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Dear Antonio,
Thank you very much for your answer. Your papers are really helpful for my research.
Best,
Carmen
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In the demographic population status, Mauritius is seen to have a large number of youth. Youth is defined by the age of 13-25 accordingly by the Ministry of Youth, leisure and Sports.
As known, youth is a critical period in any individual’s life. It is the age where the adolescent is on a continuous process for adulthood. Thus, it is considered primary to shape these youngsters’ for the betterment of the society. The government of Mauritius has put heart and soul into making this phase of life a successful one. Best educational access as well as sport and leisure are the ingredients for the future individuals’. However, a rise of social evils committed by youngsters has been noticed, such as smoking, drinking alcohol, and drug takings, among others. This has resulted in petty crimes, delinquencies, and poverty.
Sociologists have often argued that leisure is one of the compulsory assets to bring control in a youth’s crisis period. But to what extent are these activities really playing their role?
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agree with @Carlos Eduardo Maldonado
regards
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Where does developmental social work sit within the south African context and globally
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In my understanding, placing the social welfare and social work within the broad framework is not the issue. Since the SA has wealth of resources, its focus to development could be on the self centered than global centered ( Although it is a difficult task in the present so called Globalized society")
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Or any other studies that might be relevant to this topic?
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HI,
Try these
Langston, J. (2016). Invisible fathers: Exploring an integrated approach to supporting fathers through the Mellow Dads Parenting Programme piloted in a UK prison. Journal of Integrated Care, 24(4), 176-187.
Gatrell, C. J., Burnett, S. B., Cooper, C. L., & Sparrow, P. (2015). The price of love: The prioritisation of childcare and income earning among UK fathers. Families, Relationships and Societies, 4(2), 225-238.
Culpin, I., Heron, J., Araya, R., Melotti, R., & Joinson, C. (2013). Father absence and depressive symptoms in adolescence: findings from a UK cohort. Psychological medicine, 43(12), 2615-2626.
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Looking for research that has adopted both RCTs as well as qualitative methods to evaluate social welfare/antipoverty programs.
Thanks
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Hi Archana,
You could try the following
Midgley, N., Ansaldo, F., & Target, M. (2014). The meaningful assessment of therapy outcomes: Incorporating a qualitative study into a randomized controlled trial evaluating the treatment of adolescent depression. Psychotherapy, 51(1), 128.
O'Cathain, A., Thomas, K. J., Drabble, S. J., Rudolph, A., Goode, J., & Hewison, J. (2014). Maximising the value of combining qualitative research and randomised controlled trials in health research: the QUAlitative Research in Trials (QUART) study--a mixed methods study. Health Technology Assessment, 18(38).
Thanks,
Hamish
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To feed the world's population, conventional agriculture has enabled cheap mass production of agricultural products through the use of modern chemicals and techniques. The race for economic growth, in response to growing food demands, has led to an awareness of environmental problems and threats linked to the logic of economic growth based solely on growth. This model has reached its limits with negative repercussions:
- Environmental impacts such as water and air pollution, soil degradation and loss, erosion of genetic biodiversity, and loss of species.
- Implications for society that are manifested by the decline in the number of farmers, the rural exodus and the desertification of the campagns
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Dear Paul
Thank you for your reply
Do you know perennial grass that can be grown in arid areas
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Gøsta Esping-Andersen and his seminal work opened a path. Society is far more complex and its tipologies be limmited to welfare. While social policies may be politically oriented, the model is the result of the society as a whole. Its forces and inertia exceed  by and large temporary party politics.
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Durante una gran parte de la historia agraria (y creo que en general) el problema ha sido el  de la desigualdad como planteas al final de tu texto: falta de márgenes amplios que potenciaban "prepotencia de unos y falta de posibilidades de elección de otros". La pregunta entonces, en mi opinión, habría que reconducirla a las posibilidades reales que cuentas los grupos, en una situación de estrechos márgenes de actuación, para actuaciones basadas en la confianza  mutua. El sesgo de mi investigación me obliga a ejemplificar con la conflictividad rural en los años 30 del siglo pasado cuando las posibilidades de cooperación fueron escasas. ¿Cómo medimos el tamaño del campo de elección entonces? Me gustaríanque me ilustraran  con análisis más allá de Olson para entender acciones colectivas con estrechos márgenes para la cooperación. Y más difícil todavía, en coyuntura económica depresiva. 
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Been browsing all these Census and HUD websites for datasets but no luck. They all have reports and even datasets but not what I am looking for. I really need to get the number of homeless people (point in time) in each county (or city and state if county-level is impossible to get) from the 1970s (or earlier) to 2015. Most of the datasets I got so far from every webpage I can google only give me pieces of that. Thank you.
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Happy to share concepts or thoughts on how to arrive at solutions.  So you are aware, the city of Mobile, AL has a tiny house community already functioning.  I intend to go down there to see how they started their project, and if we could adapt some things here to make it work.  Likewise, I will keep you updated.   Terry
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Germany is self-portraying a different imagery to the world contrasting sharply with xenophobia and nationalism that characterized  the pre-WW II period. Do you know why people are heading only to Germany and why not to other European nations? If it is due to generosity and social welfare provisions of Germany, related research would be an interesting new social dimension (perhaps the most spectacular/abrupt change since the fall of the Berlin Wall). Do you know of research done or being conducted on the ongoing European migrant crisis and German government's provision for migrant children's' welfare, education in particular?
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It is sad that even on an academic platform like this pure racism is spread on this issue. Please try to apply Ricardo's logic (e.g. in connection with violence against women and girls) on white perpetrators and follow these thoughts for yourself. As is always the case with racist discourse it is also full of very simple errors - e.g. that only European countries would take in refugees, take a look at Libanon or even Turkey, will you?
Back on the original question: a lot of critical research is done members of 'kritnet' - unfortunately their page is in German only, but I guess you could get in touch by writing an e-mail: http://kritnet.org
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I am looking for an inequality indicator that can be derived from the distribution of a population in five discrete poverty classes derived from the Latin American NBI (Necesidades Basicas Insatisfechas) methodology. The methodology ascribes each household of a locality (urban or rural) a "NBI index" in function of income, housing, education, etc. and then ascribe it to one of five "poverty classes" , etc, which are "non-poor, poverty line, moderate poverty, indigent, marginal". I have only data on the number of households per class per locality, not the NBI index per household.
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If you have the continuous scores of the NBI index you can run Gini of Theil If your discrete categories are quintiles, yo can also run one of these dispersion stats. Otherwise you can calculate the ratio of marginal households against non poor.  
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My present research is about the benefits that the international move or the internationalization of subnational entities in terms of paradiplomacy (such as states, provinces, regions and municipalities) bring to its local citizens. I am interested to know if the more prominent  subnational entities in their international move manage to bring more benefits to its citizens, such as international direct investment and more exports (therefore, more employment,  and perhaps better wages and demand for higher labor qualification); attraction of tourists, more culture diversity, more cultural and educational exchange programs for its students, and so forth; better social and welfare indicators (Gini coefficient, Human Development Index, per capita GNP); better levels of transparency, and so forth. Will the social and welfare indicators be better compared to those states/provinces/municipalities that are less involved in the internationalization process?
 Can you help me by suggesting a methodology to measure it? I am cautions about not taking the effects by the causes and vice versa. Many thanks.
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there is a literature in economics showing simply being near the coast matters.    and the curse of oil if the subnational is resource rich too.  finally, if the subnational was at one time independent can matter - ex. Texas in the u.s. was its own country briefly
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The Influence of Political Discourse
Social Assets Beyond Political Plans
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Dear Mohamed,
often, there is very strong connection between political thinking (ideology) and social welfare. In the most basic way, a social system guaranteeing social welfare is constructed around the discourse regarded to relationship between human (citizen) and society. If there is a strong stress on individual and his/her abilities, personal responsibility, and (relative) independence from the society, the social system is significantly weaker and it is regarded as futility since everyone is an architect of his/her wellbeing. Society in this sense equals to the market where everyone meets each other only to fulfill his/her needs. Where there is discoursive awareness of human beings as social beings and of structural limits of society as the market resulting in idea that not everything in one's life is within personal reach, there is also stronger social system. If you are interested in this topic, I would suggest to become acquainted with social justice as one specific field of political theory and philosophy and then to read about empirical researches of concrete Western social systems.
For social justice, there is huge textual production, a lot of overview and comparative literature. As for the approaches, there is neoliberalism (Friedrich Hayek, Ludwig von Mises), libertarianism (Robert Nozick, Murray Rothbard), egalitarian libertarianism (Peter Vallentyne, Hillel Stener, Philip van Parijs), egalitarianism (John Rawls), luck egalitarianism (Ronald Dworkin, Gerald Cohen), prioritarianism (Derek Parfit), basic needs approach (Martha Nussbaum, Amartya Sen), individual recognition and respect approach (Nancy Fraser, Axel Honneth), and some more. Literature of these thinkers is easily available.
For empirical studies, Stefano suggested Gøsta Esping-Andersen's Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism and I agree, it is good, albeit somewhat outdated, book. For contemporary analysis of American social system I would keenly suggest Jonh Gilliom's Overseers of the Poor and Kaarin Gustafson's Cheating Welfare. For analysis of European social systems, there is, for example, book Nordic Welfare States in the European Context edited by Mikko Kautto, Johan Fritzell, Bjørn Hvinden, Jon Kvist and Hannu Uusitalo. There is a lot of very focused journal articles about social systems of individual countries.
Nowadays, the neoliberal approach to social justice and system is dominant so there is a stress on individualization of social and life risks as well as on intorduction of new public management for directing the social system. In this sense I would recommend reading some text by Francois Ewald dedicated to social risk and its redistributiion in Western societies, and also the classic book Risk Society by Ulrich Beck.
I don't know if I answered your original question but I hope it will be somewhat helpful at least.
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Admittedly, elderly persons and their carers can be abused simply because of misunderstanding, lack of respite or just plain malice. I personally find that situations where the child abuses his parent whom he looks after or where the younger shows disrespect for their parents in public can be reduced through effective and sustained education of moral values to children. Perhaps various factors are in play. On the one hand, we can have the law protect elderly against abuse. But, there are limitations of the law. It may be because there is a lack of moral values imparted to children that causes abuse to parents and that might just be due to the law emphasising too much on rights and individualism which fuels this.
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Very interesting comments....and perspective. I did write about elder abuse as well as advocacy in one or two chapters of my book: Charlene M. Kampfe (2015) Counseling Older People: Opportunities and Challenges. Publisher: The American Counseling Associaton.
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I am doing research on wellbeing, and I am trying to collect and analyze metrics related to many aspects of wellbeing: (as identified by the OECD) Housing, Income, Jobs, Community, Education, Environment, Civic Engagement, Health, Life Satisfaction, Safety, Work-Life Balance. I am looking for any and all metrics related to these categories.
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For macro indicators, you could check the European System of Social Indicators. It is an instrument to monitor European citizens' quality of life, societal social cohesion and sustainability as well as changes in the social structure of European societies. It is an ambitious project and rather incomplete, but you may find what you are after: http://www.gesis.org/en/social-indicators/products-of-the-zsi/simon-social-indicators-monitor/
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R. Titmuss and G.Esping-Andersen an the end of last century created a well-known welfare typology, politically based on left-right division and de-commodification relations. Can a mainly communities-based welfare model be created instead of the former welfare division?
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This is being explored in many developing countries due to lack of capacity at higher levels of government, mostly becuase of the possibility it offers to improve accountability.
However, it reduces the potential legitimacy of the national state be reducing the scope of its involvement in the lives of citizens. I do not think that is a problem in and of itself, but I think national governments would normally prefer to take credit for these things because it legitimizes their authority to tax, rather than devolving both taxation powers and services delivery responsibility to local governments. I think that regimes would mostly only tolerate this if they were quite confident in their perceived legitimacy.
Also, there could be problems with funding formulas, for example if lots of people moved from one jurisdiction to another. In China, for example, you pay into one municipal plan for certain areas of social insurance, but it is not portable, with the result that the most vulnerable workers usually get the lowest returns from their social security contributions. I really like the ideas and ideals of community-level funding AND delivery of these services, but I think the level of pooling is too small to offer the level of social security that most people would prefer to have (with the exception of some very narrow segments who are very wealthy and obtain their social security primarily through regime stability and police, etc.).
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As welfare states traditional typology shows the signs of exhaustion and tiredness in theory but especially in practice, maybe there are other ways of its revival? Maybe a community-oriented social policy model can substitute former welfare typology? Or something else? Or should we have a vacuum of such ideas after a decade or two?
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Latin America is the most unequal region of the world. However, for more than a decade now, it has been also the only region where inequality has been decreasing. This is very much a consequence of the first developments of welfare states. The case of Brazil, in particular, is considerably relevant. Brazil has a very long historical tradition of state activism (for example, the Government Revenue in Brazil, as a proportion of GDP, is a little higher than the average of OECD countries). Since the promulgation of the 1988 democratic Constitution, as well as after the worker's party won its first presidential election in the beginning of the 2000s, new social policies have been thought and implemented, and as a consequence, the Gini coefficient of income concentration dropped from 0.61 to less than 0.50 (we now know it has been much more a decrease in earnings inequality than in total income inequality). Besides programs of conditional cash transfers, Brazil has an important legislation to increase the value of minimum wage, as well as an enormous and relatively comprehensive universal public health system (despites its low quality). The main difference of the welfare system in Brazil and the most remarkable examples of western Europe is that while in the European model policies are mainly universal, in Brazil some programs are completely focalized based on mean-tested criteria.
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Are there any website / citations to get articles for social work research?
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This is shameless self promotion here, but the following article does a pretty comprehensive overview of what we know about the best places to find social work research - particularly if it is qualitative studies you are after:
McGinn, T., Taylor, B., McColgan, M., & McQuilkan, J. (2014). Social Work Literature Searching: Current Issues With Databases and Online Search Engines. Research on Social Work Practice, Advance online publication. http://rsw.sagepub.com/content/early/2014/09/17/1049731514549423.abstract doi:10.1177/1049731514549423
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Please I need comments on this as it will help to address a related research quest
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Hello Paulinus,
I have been thinking on this topic of sustainabilty for quitw some time now, In this I must admit my thinking and reading has started to sway. My position at first was leaning to the possibility of having some social program like the one you refer to be sustained. Howerever, living in the U.S for almost 55 years I am becoming more and more sceptical as time goes goes on. From my perspective based in Critical Social Theory, I asked myself and request all to ask ouselves; what has human kind socially built, excluding bricks and morter, that have been sustained? In thinking and searhing on this question I find less than the fingers on one hand.
That is were I would start Paulinus. It does not matter what others have defined, it is how you define it. Just as you can reject or think about what this responce is refering to. For example, when you think about sustainability does it include time and space? If it does then you have another starting point. Second, is your thinking on sustainability focused on communnity,state, nation state, or global? Third, what is the context in which you define sustsainabilty, this will greatly narrow and focuse the research. Fourth, as you research; ask youself what is connecting all the various studies together? Think about presuppositions, philosophicy, theory, political influence. I hope I don't sound as if... Fifth, consider what is burried deep in the relationship between this question the related research. Finaly, what I believe to the most important and rearly mentioned in discussions on research is look for what is not there (relates to 4) not said not reported. A lot of times silence and absence speak.
Last, my amswer to the first paragraph's ending question has something to do with linear time, not space in the geographic sense, and are global. Three concepts have meet my definenetion of sustainabilty, the first being patrairarchy and the others I leave to you Paulinus and others.
Hope I have helped,
Douglas 
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The panacea of private pensions funds is abandoning its positions in some eastern European and Latin American countries. Does state social insurance have the future?
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This paper might give you and idea of fiscal costs and the transition to the FDC system introduced in Chile in 1981:
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I would like to be informed about the association of different types of social capital and the improvements in local welfare
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I think that a very useful contribution at this regard is the the book of Emanuele Ferragina (2012) "Social Capital in Europe. A comparative Analysis" Edward Elgar Publishing 
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(Whether immigrants should get benefits and why/why not for example.) I expected there would be some (particularly given how much is known quantitatively through things like the British Social Attitude Survey and the topicality of this issue) but I am coming up empty on google scholar. (This may partly be a problem of rather "generic" search terms like attitude, welfare, immigrants and so on.)
Thanks.
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Dear Edmund,
try the following links: (There are mainly quantitave studies, but nobody can do quantitative research before collecting experience in qualitative research; so there's a great chance for you, to find what you are looking for)
Projekt "Einstellungen zum Wohlfahrtsstaat im europäischen Vergleich" (see: http://eswf.uni-koeln.de/forschung/ewv/)
Projekt "Wohlfahrtsstaatliche Maßnahmen und Einstellungen der Bürger" (see: http://eswf.uni-koeln.de/forschung/wme/index.html)
Working papers and publications:
Thorsten Heien (2000b): Attitudes Towards the Welfare State in Europe: Starting Point or Obstacle on the Road to a Social Union? Paper presented at the ECSR-Workshop "Comparative Social Justice Research", Oxford, United Kingdom, September 13-14, 2000. EWV-Arbeitspapier Nr. 2. (see attachment below)
Hans-Jürgen Andreß und Thorsten Heien (1998): Explaining attitudes towards the welfare state: Problems of a current research project. Paper for the Conference "Welfare States at the Crossroads". WME-Arbeitspapier Nr. 3. (see attachment below)
Hans-Jürgen Andreß und Thorsten Heien (1999a): Explaining Public Attitudes towards the German Welfare State using Structural Equation Models. Paper presented at the "Conference on Recent Trends and Methods of Social Stratification Research", Potsdam, Germany, April 30, May 1-2, 1999. WME-Arbeitspapier Nr. 7. (see attachment below)
Hans-Jürgen Andreß und Thorsten Heien (1999b): What determines people's attitudes towards the welfare state? A cross-cultural comparison using multiple-group structural equation models. Paper presented at the Conference "Large Scale Data Analysis", Cologne, Germany, May 25-28, 1999. WME-Arbeitspapier Nr. 8. (see attachment below)
Thorsten Heien und Dirk Hofäcker (1999a): How do welfare regimes influence attitudes? A comparison of five European countries and the United States 1985-1996. Paper presented at the ECSR-Workshop "Causes and Consequences of Socio-Economic and Political Attitudes in Eastern and Western Europe", Mannheim, Germany (October 7-8, 1999). WME-Arbeitspapier Nr. 9. (see attachment below)
Hans-Jürgen Andreß und Thorsten Heien (2000): Four Worlds of Welfare State Attitudes? A Comparison of Germany, Norway, and the United States. to appear in: European Sociological Review 17, no. 4 (December 2001). download under: http://esr.oxfordjournals.org/content/17/4/337.abstract
See also:
Morten Blekesaune and Jill Quadagno (2003): Public Attitudes toward Welfare State Policies. A Comparative Analysis of 24 Nations. Dowload under:
Kohl, Jürgen (2013): Hohe Akzeptanz des Wohlfahrtsstaates trotz kritischer Leistungsbewertung: Wohlfahrtsregime und Einstellungen zum Wohlfahrtsstaat im europäischen Vergleich. Download under:
Kind regards and good luck Detlef
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The commission on Poverty (CoP) in Hong Kong just set up the first official poverty line in Hong Kong as 50% of the median household income of different household sizes. The raw poverty line rate is estimated without any Government intervention like income protection, old age allowance. Another poverty rate is estimated after the intervention. However, there is a debate inside CoP that should we include and calculate the income transfer impacts of the Government social service like public housing, health care and education as Government's intervention on poverty alleviation. In Hong Kong health care and education provision are universal and public housing is selective.
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Usually you do not include the impacts of Government social services. Only direct income payments are defined as public intervention. It could be interesting to include the value of public housing but you will loose the possibility of any international comparisons in terms of poverty reduction policies.
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Contracting out and privatization of social services is in advertising for more effective social administration in the world. However the threat in the underdeveloped world for clients not to have money to pay for privatized social services is very likely. In any case, if social services organization and delivery is left for the state or municipal authorities without privatization, the payments will be less or there will be no payments of clients at all. The national and municipal budgets will feel tensions, but the poor people themselves will be more happy having provided social services. Here I do not consider such situations when public money is devoted to a private organization or NGO to deliver services. The latter situation is also an alternative.
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From a political perspective, key risks are 1) that privatization itself is both a product and producer of a particular ideology, and 2) that the global capitalist framework makes such decisions more or less irreversible. If interested, there are good documentaries on the issues you raise above, for example the effects on IMF policies for money lending to developing countries, which force countries to give up access to key infrastructure (e.g. privatisation of water supply and provision, which exclude the poor). 
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I am currently gathering some reading materials and literature regarding the network industries for my thesis and I am intending to develop a model that could measure the consumer welfare before and after a merger or acquisition, specifically in the Telecommunications industry.
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TELIGEN is probably the only source of comparable information on prices, but causality is tricky , you cannoy just take a 'before-after approach' and you need to control for confounding factors. See the telecommuncations chapter of Florio M 'Network industries and social welfare' (OUP, 2013)
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Foe years we have come out with wonderful performances of our students, with flying colors. Indeed, the rat race competition helped our children to outperform their best.
Yet, many researches reveal the negative impact of our schools, and no actions have been taken. Students find themselves struggling in an unknown war, consequently, missing their childhood and innocence at early ages.
Are we destroying our species?
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I think besides all the things said above, one quite important role of schools is to condition children to function in society. They learn to be more or less disciplined, sit w/o moving, concentrate and listen for 45/60/90 min. depending on the system they are in. For example, I find it always very interesting to realize how conditioned my students are when we engage in a discussion in the seminars and a situation comes up where a student wants to say something and no one else talks. They still raise their hands to "ask for speaking permission", even though there is no need for it at all. In the end, it is not that surprising given the long time they have undergone schooling.
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I am looking for published and non-published work that describes the overall state of human service education or specific elements of education in the field. I am particularly interested in information related to peer interactions within wholly online courses, though I am happy to review all suggestions related to the stated of human services education. Thanks, in advance, for your contributions.
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I thought I would share for others who might be interested that I am using the following resources:
Barnett-Queen, T., Blair, R., & Merrick, M. (2005). Student perspectives of online discussions: Strengths and weaknesses. Journal of Technology in Human Services, 23(3/4), 229-244. doi:10.1300/J017v23n01_01
Bushfield, S, (2005). Field clusters online. Journal of Technology in Human Services, 23(3), 215-227. 10.1300/J017v23n03_04
CSHSE. (2013). National standards. Alexandria, VA: Author.
de Boer, C., Campbell, S. L., & Hovey, A. (2011). When you come to a fork in the road, take it: Taking social work practice using blended learning. Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology, 37(3), 1-17.
Franyo, G. (Ed.). (2013). CSHSE Bulletin. Alexandria, VA: Council for Standards in Human Service Education.
Hash, K. M., & Tower, L. E. (2010). The development and evaluation of online learning modules to deliver lifespan content in human behavior and social environment courses. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 20(3), 379-392. doi:10.1080/10911351003673260
Larsen, A. K., Visser-Rotgans, R., & Hole, G. O. (2011). Teaching and learning community work online: Can e-learning promote competencies for future practice? Journal of Technology in Human Services, 29(1), 13-32. doi: 10.1080/15228835.2011.565244
McFadden, R. J., Moore, B., Herie, M., & Schoech, D. (2005). Web-based education in the human services: Content and connections. Journal of Technology in Human Services, 23(1/2), 1-9. doi: 10.1300/J017v23n01_01
Walsh, C. A., & Baynton, M. (2012). Distance education in social work: An evaluation of an undergraduate course on family violence. International Journal of Higher Education, 1(1), 148-159. doi:10.5430/ijhe.v1n1p148
Williams, J. H. (2010, April 10). Social work education and technology: Challenges and opportunities. Presentation at the spring meeting of the National Association of Deans and Directors of Schools of Social Work , Naples, Fl.
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With very few exceptions I consider the first two -nationalism and god - as almost "dead" phenomena in the Western countries. Considering welfare state, the retreat of it during the last 30 years is felt everywhere too, as G. Esping-Andersen's three welfare capitalisms models division is not so actual and important as before. Left-right political division's disappearance point to the same direction of welfare state diminishing. Who can be the political, social and cultural vehicles for the present and future Western societies?
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God and Nationalism are alive and kickin' - at least when you look at the right wing movements in most European countries. In fact, I have the impression that the crisis led to a further strengthening of right wing tendencies - take for instance Hungary or the latest elections in France. Actually, the dismantlement of the welfare state is very much a part of this tendency - right wing populism for the middle classes (heading for a bigger social stratification) and right wing extremism for the under class (hating Jews or Roma or whoever fits instead of their national elites). Maybe Hungary is in fact the model of what to expect in Europe.
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In the society 65% of student who participates in one examination or the other comes out with a poor result even after they have taken enough time to adequately prepare for these examination .What is your view about the causal factors that affects these students academic performances and the probable solution?
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What a lovely rhetorical question from a promising lady of yours Dammy.
Well, in my own opinion, I think causes of poor performance among Nigerian students are multi-factors in nature. These can be categorized as being biological, psychological and social in nature. Biological in the sense that some are below average in intelligence quotient considering their age group; which could attributed so many factors too. Psychological in the sense that; do our students are actually ready to learn? What is their mind-set toward qualitative learning? Do they believe getting good grades as functions of hard work? and so on. Social in the sense that ; is our environment conducive and stimulating enough for ideal learning? Do students have access to necessary materials that could help them learn better and perform well at the end? Many, many like these..... But, I know, Nigerian students should willingly develop themselves in all ramifications for them to withstand their mates internationally. Nigerian students wake up...........
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Social change means not economic development
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Depends on how do you define economic development!
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Are there still “welfare states” with the only difference being that they are no longer the exclusive bailiwick of the pedigreed liberal democracies of the West? I am inquiring about the highly administrative state that is engaged in improving the general welfare of the populace by instituting different types of social policies. I know that in the 1990s some liberal democracies started privatizing a number of state-run industries, figuring that they would be run more effectively in private hands; however, this question deals with social welfare policies like providing free health care, childcare, free public education, retirement benefits, etc.. Is this kind of welfare state “history”? Or do welfare states still exist someplace in the world?
Gwen
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I live in Denmark, a Scandinavian type welfare state. Danes used to be proud of this welfare model which has worked very well, but as Markus Pausch says, it is under pressure from international economic competition. The strong economic pressure is evidenced by the fact that even socialist politicians are cutting down on welfare now, knowing that this will cost them their reelection because those who voted for them want welfare. Politicians of all colors here claim that they want to preserve the welfare system, while at the same time argueing for free trade, economic liberalism and deregulation. They pretend that there is no conflict between welfare state and neoliberalist politics even though the country is evidently taking part in the "race to the bottom".
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Public budegt is a budget of the government working at different levels. It is a document containing policy of the government towards the development of the economy, with emphasis on social welfare maximisation. Budget also indicates the beneficiary section of the community and sufferers as well. This shows the necessity of studying public budget and its interpretation.
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I would even more broadly argue that analyzing politics and political economy in general is highly important because in most countries around 50% of GDP goes through the hands of collective institutions (government, etc.) and the remaining 50% are influenced by the rules set up by collective institutions.
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What do you think are the most important stereotypes that need to be addressed in order to adequately address Indigenous social welfare?
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Depend from culture to culture.
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I am working with my thesis and the area that I am very interested about is active tuberculosis courtesy stigma and its impact on the family members. I chose this topic because TB here in the Philippines is still a major health problem and one contributing factor that I observe restricts full TB control is that family, which suppose to be a good form of social support, is less studied and less regarded on anti-TB campaigns.
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There is , as you might know a strong TB-HIV co-infection issue around the world. You can find quite a bit of my stigma work on ResearchGate.
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Since Titmus and Esping-Andersen, we have always categorized three types of welfare regimes among developed countries. Could we expand this to Asian, Afrian and Latin-america countries? Would such continents have any kind of welfare?
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Yes Roger! I read between the lines. My head I think is full of war because the world is at war.
Sorry for that. Ethiopia is a very poor country and I am not sure they could afford such welfare policies. I am Zimbabwean and I know there before the economic meltdown welfare policies included free education and health for a certain category of poor citizens. At the moment what is free is handouts of food stuffs. They also used to have 'food for work'. It was some form of welfare but people were given this food or money after closing drains/dongas, putting water in dip-tanks, etc. I hope with the political and economic difficulties there they are still ccontinuing.