Science topic

Social Theory - Science topic

Social Theory are social theories are frameworks of empirical evidence used to study and interpret social phenomena. A tool used by social scientists, social theories relate to historical debates over the most valid and reliable methodologies (e.g. positivism and antipositivism), as well as the primacy of either structure or agency.
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public relations
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Yes agreed with Mike Kanyundo
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Point out the sociological theory and methodology
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I am working in the field of social sustainability research. I am struggling to find the theories used in Social Sustainability. Actually, for the development of the theoretical framework of my thesis, I need a theory that explains social sustainability and its themes, for example, Health, Transportation availability, Satisfied with Space, Open Space, and so on.
Would you please help me to provide the information about which theory can explain social sustainability and its themes?
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Respected Scholars! What are the sayings/views about intersex and trans people (Jesus) an old/new Testament/Version? I am entire need of it for my research.
Regards,
Mouna (awaiting)
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Holy Scripture and the teachings of the Church unequivocally condemn homosexual sexual relations, seeing in them a vicious distortion of the God-created nature of man.
"If anyone lies with a man as with a woman, both of them have committed an abomination" (Lev. 20:13). The Bible tells about the severe punishment to which God subjected the inhabitants of Sodom (Gen. 19:1-29), according to the interpretation of the holy fathers, precisely for the sin of sodomy. The Apostle Paul, characterizing the moral state of the pagan world, names homosexual relations among the most "shameful passions" and "lewdness" that defile the human body: friend, men on men doing shame, and receiving in themselves the due wages of their error" (Rom. 1:26-27). "Do not be deceived: neither the Malachis, nor the homosexuals...they will inherit the Kingdom of God," the apostle wrote to the inhabitants of corrupted Corinth (1 Corinthians 6:9-10). The patristic tradition just as clearly and definitely condemns any manifestation of homosexuality. The "Teaching of the Twelve Apostles", the works of Saints Basil the Great, John Chrysostom, Gregory of Nyssa, Blessed Augustine, the canons of Saint John the Faster express the unchanging teaching of the Church: homosexual relationships are sinful and subject to condemnation. The people involved in them do not have the right to be members of the church clergy (Basilius the Great, pr. 7, Gregory the Great, pr. 4, John the Lent, pr. 30). Turning to those who have stained themselves with the sin of sodomy, the Monk Maximus the Greek cried out: “Know yourselves, cursed ones, what a foul pleasure you have indulged in!... Try to get behind this most vile and foul pleasure of yours as soon as possible, hate it, and whoever claims that it is innocent, anathematize eternally, as an opponent of the Gospel of Christ the Savior and corrupting its teaching. Cleanse yourself with sincere repentance, warm tears and almsgiving and pure prayer... Hate this wickedness with all your soul, so that you will not be sons of damnation and eternal destruction.
Discussions about the position of the so-called sexual minorities in modern society tend to recognize homosexuality not as a sexual perversion, but only one of the "sexual orientations" that have an equal right to public manifestation and respect. It is also argued that homosexual attraction is due to individual natural predisposition. The Orthodox Church proceeds from the unchanging conviction that the God-established marriage union of a man and a woman cannot be compared with perverted manifestations of sexuality. She considers homosexuality to be a sinful damage to human nature, which is overcome in a spiritual effort leading to healing and personal growth of a person. Homosexual aspirations, like other passions that torment a fallen person, are healed by the Sacraments, prayer, fasting, repentance, reading the Holy Scriptures and patristic writings, as well as Christian fellowship with believers who are ready to provide spiritual support.
Treating people with homosexual inclinations with pastoral responsibility, the Church at the same time resolutely opposes attempts to present the sinful tendency as a "norm", and even more so as an object of pride and an example to follow. That is why the Church condemns any propaganda of homosexuality. Without denying anyone the fundamental rights to life, respect for personal dignity and participation in public affairs, the Church, however, believes that persons promoting a homosexual lifestyle should not be allowed to teach, educate and commanding position in the army and correctional institutions.
Sometimes perversions of human sexuality manifest themselves in the form of a painful feeling of belonging to the opposite sex, resulting in an attempt to change sex (transsexualism). The desire to refuse belonging to the gender that the Creator bestowed on man can only have detrimental consequences for the further development of the individual. “Sex reassignment” through hormonal influence and surgical operation in many cases does not lead to the resolution of psychological problems, but to their aggravation, giving rise to a deep internal crisis. The Church cannot approve of this kind of "rebellion against the Creator" and recognize artificially changed gender as valid. If a "sex change" occurred to a person before Baptism, he can be admitted to this Sacrament, like any sinner, but the Church baptizes him as belonging to the gender in which he was born. The ordination of such a person to the priesthood and his entry into a church marriage is unacceptable.
It is necessary to distinguish from transsexualism the incorrect identification of gender in early childhood as a result of a medical error associated with the pathology of the development of sexual characteristics. Surgical correction in this case does not have the character of sex change.
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Throughout history, homosexuality has been cause for rejection and discrimination, and those who had this sexual condition were labeled and stigmatized socially, prejuzgados, imprisoned and treated as criminals, being victims of assault, torture and murder. For a long time this condition has been considered even an unnatural aberration and mental illness in different psychiatric diagnostic manuals. Currently in Spain, despite the existence of laws allowing homosexuals to marry and adopt children to form a family, as well as the recognition of their civil rights, remain a social group that suffers from social exclusion and suffer the scourge of homophobia, rejection and violence of those who regard them as different or sick. Perhaps that is the reason why either time to integrate to homosexuality as a plot more than the specialized social services, to combat the situation of social exclusion, and develop the resources and means to combat it.
¿Por qué la homosexualidad no es un colectivo que se incluya dentro del ámbito de los Servicios Sociales Especializados?
A lo largo de la historia la homosexualidad ha sido motivo de rechazo y discriminación, y aquellos que tenían esta condición sexual eran etiquetados y estigmatizados socialmente, prejuzgados, encarcelados y tratados como a delincuentes, siendo víctimas de agresiones, tortura y asesinato. Durante mucho tiempo esta condición ha sido considerada incluso como una aberración antinatural y una enfermedad mental en diversos manuales de diagnóstico psiquiátrico. Actualmente en España, pese a la existencia de leyes que permiten a los homosexuales a poder contraer matrimonio y adoptar hijos para formar una familia, así como al reconocimiento de sus derechos civiles, siguen siendo un colectivo social que sufre exclusión social y padece el azote de la homofobia, el rechazo y la violencia de aquellos que los consideran como diferentes o enfermos. Quizás por ello ya sea hora de integrar a la homosexualidad como una parcela más de los Servicios Sociales Especializados, para poder combatir la situación de exclusión social que sufren, y desarrollar los recursos y medios necesarios para combatirlo. 
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Bajo mi punto de vista, es una pregunta interesante.
Desde que empecé a formarme en el ámbito social, hace más de 4 años, me ha llamado mucho la atención que en muy pocos sitios y en muy pocas asignaturas se aborden temas respecto a diversidad sexual, -por no decir en ninguna-.
Y me sorprende porque sé la discriminación que las personas que forman parte del colectivo LGTBIQ+ se ven obligadas a vivir desde que son pequeñas, especialmente en edades tempranas, sexualizando así a niños, niñas y niñes.
Y esta discriminación, en cualquier ámbito, viene dada por la poca información que que se tiene en la sociedad acerca de la diversidad sexual y la orientación de cada persona, pasando a ser un problema estructural.
La sexualidad es considerada como un tema tabú y a la vez como algo que debe ser normativo; si eres chico, debes tener novia, si eres chica, debes tener novio. Esta idea es implantada desde que somos pequeños/as en forma de preguntas: ‘’anda, que grande estás ya, ¿y tienes novia?’’, por ejemplo.
Considero bastante importante el hecho de empezar a dar visibilidad al colectivo LGTBIQ+ desde los servicios sociales especializados, y desde estudios como el trabajo social, la educación social, la psicología o la pedagogía -entre otras-.
Curioso que desde los servicios sociales especializados no se recoja ninguno para personas LGTBIQ+ a pesar de todo lo que el colectivo debe de vivir a diario.
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In my current thinking/writing I have been exploring ideas behind quantum social theory, for example the potential of an entropic society. Here, such a society exhibits a default (temporal) tendency toward disorder. Entropy increases unless society works to reduce it. Why? Because, from a quantum super-positional perspective on a society of individuals, there is an infinite potential for interference through quantum interdependency: there is an indeterminate potentiality to disorder, with only a limited number of determinable, observable events that may signify order.
Statistically, unless we invest in reducing the range of interdependencies and thus work to reduce the indeterminacy of state changes and/or interferences, by implementing (social) negentropic constraints, we will experience emergent disorder. Such constraints, including our social institutions, laws, ethics and morals, are designed to increase the probability that a given/anticipated/expected/desired state change within society may be observable. This is society’s desire for normativity.
Yet, as I think on these lines, I begin to see the potential of the autistic mind and its consciousness as a radical free agent unbound to the idea of negentropic normativity. This, to my mind is a positive prospect: autism’s value to society. Society needs its free radicals to prevent excessive negentropy. By attention to the radical free agents of society, we can be reminded that social normativity cannot rule out indeterminacy entirely: society must respect its entropic potential. And, while all about us seek to normalise our activities, we can look to autism to remind us of our full, unrealised potential.
Thoughts? All opinions, normative and non-normative are welcome.
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In my current thinking/writing I have been exploring ideas behind quantum social theory, for example the potential of an entropic society. Here, such a society exhibits a default (temporal) tendency toward disorder. Entropy increases unless society works to reduce it. Why? Because, from a quantum super-positional perspective on a society of individuals, there is an infinite potential for interference through quantum interdependency: there is an indeterminate potentiality to disorder, with only a limited number of determinable, observable events that may signify order.
Statistically, unless we invest in reducing the range of interdependencies and thus work to reduce the indeterminacy of state changes and/or interferences, by implementing (social) negentropic constraints, we will experience emergent disorder. Such constraints, including our social institutions, laws, ethics and morals, are designed to increase the probability that a given/anticipated/expected/desired state change within society may be observable. This is society’s desire for normativity.
Yet, as I think on these lines, I begin to see the potential of the entrepreneurial mind and its consciousness as a radical free agent unbound to the idea of the negentropic normativity of corporate life. This, to my mind, is a positive prospect: the entrepreneur’s value to our social-economy. Our socio-economic life needs its free radicals to prevent excessive negentropy. By attention to the radical free agents of society, we can be reminded that corporate normativity cannot (and should not) rule out indeterminacy entirely: the socio-economic society must respect its entropic potential. And, while corporations seek to normalise their activities, we can look to the entrepreneurs to remind us of our full, unrealised potential.
Thoughts? All opinions, normative and non-normative are welcome.
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Changes and transformations of social−economic systems in this era are rooted in science and technology progress and changes . Now days, the survival of organizations requires finding solutions and new ways of dealing with problems which very dependent on innovation, invention, creation of products, processes, and new managerial methods. What has become increasingly apparent to researchers is that when pursuing new opportunities with limited resources, the entrepreneur must use innovative approaches in the face of these uncertainties
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Khaneledj should the students understand about Sociology theories
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Education systems are different in the world, but in European systems that I know, I would say that students are quite mature enough to understand sociological theories starting with the 11th grade of high school.
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Seeking help to make a theoretical framework
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Since there are many theories on globalisation, I am searching best theories which can be applied to explain cultural globalisation.
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Maybe would be interesting to pay attention to the vision of George Ritzer in his 1995 book 'The McDonaldization of Society'. And, in order to better understand Rizer's theory, it would be appropriate to deepen Max Weber's theory of rationalization.
Here you can find a summary of Ritzer's theoretical view: https://us.corwin.com/sites/default/files/upm-binaries/16567_Chapter_2.pdf
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The theory of social capital in the social sciences is well developed, considering not only sociology, but also political science and economics. However, in the modern world, which is called the period of formation and development of digital society, the question arises as to whether digital capital can exist? As a form of social capital, as a structure that reproduces social inequalities, as a mechanism for the institutionalization of social (and maybe digital?) Relations. What do you think about it? And how can digital capital be conceptualized in sociology?
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The operationalization of digital capital is crucial in order to research digital inequalities. Digital capital, according to the definitions of leading authors in the field of digital sociology, agrees very well with Bourdieu's analytical focus on how capitals convert into each other, which may explain how new forms are being created inequalities or maintain existing ones. As for concrete case studies in the digital sphere, digital capital offers some handy theoretical tools that are more appropriate and specific than classical Bourdieu notions such as habitus or cultural capital. Changing the nature of the Internet and modern technologies requires both flexible theoretical concepts, and existing one's definitions and conceptualizations of digital capital can serve as a potential response to challenges of digital case studies. However, digital capital needs to be further expanded to include elements of digital culture precisely because it could adequately encompass online culture and digital products, such as online memes that are becoming increasingly popular and diverse. Recent works dealing with digital inequalities in Europe and the world show that digital inequalities in many countries can be perceived through the same social factors.
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Hello,
I looking for work that takes a predominantly developing /under(semi)developed, etc. perspective in discussing socio-economic issues in countries in the "periphery" of Europe (South, East, less developed regions, etc). That is work that uses concepts, ideas, theories, methodologies, etc typically associated with less developed countries to approach issues in the "periphery" of Europe. I'm interested in either contemporary of historical analyses.
Thank you!
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Dated, though still a useful introduction to the subject - Ryszard Stemplowski (ed) Europe and Latin America: Looking at each other (Warsaw: Polish Institute of International Affairs, 2010). Several contributions compare development strategy in Latin American and Eastern Europe from historical and (near) contemporary perspectives). Some consider the extent to which counties of Latin America and Eastern Europe became 'laboratories' for policy models. Chapters written mainly by social scientists and historians. There is also a companion volume.
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I have planned to do a qualitative reaserch based on health belief model on betal chewing using focus groups. I have collected few data. In the ibnterpretationj how am I to analyse this. My plan was to get constructs of the theory as themes and find matching codes from the transcripts. Is that deductive apparoch or am I wrong?
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Hi Sameera, yes, from what you describe, you use a deductive approach to analyzing your data. From theory to data. Regarding this approach, I recommend you review texts on qualitative content analysis by Philipp Mayring, in which you can find out how from predefined categories you analyze your data. However, I also recommend adopting an abductive approach to analysis, which would allow you to go from theory to data and from data to theory, in a game of constant interpretation.
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Am searching for publications on female entrepreneurs' and their motivations and intents.
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Hi, you can review my contributions. The are other authors such as Michela Mari, Sara Poggesi, Siri Terjesen that have also several analysis on the topic
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This is a deliberately loose thread of discussion where everybody is welcome to add authors, schools and approaches that are arguably contributing in meaningful ways to the renewal and avancement of contemporary social theory. Ideas and references wanted!
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L Kurt Engelhart I totally agree with you, theory must proceed from the top down, from the most abstract to the most particular. If the theoretical frames from various disciplines don't converge, perhaps it is because we have not yet been able to identify an integrative framework, with a higher level of abstractness depth. It therefore remains a task for the future, for innovative research in the area of social theory.
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Hello everyone,
I'm in the process of writing a paper on how ideologies influence group action.
Most of the literature I've read so far focuses on how ideology rather influences on an individual level the members of groups. Therefore, the group level is often left out, which bothers me. It's not to say I haven't found anything on the group level; there is some interesting content.
But I wonder if I should mention the studies I've read that focus on the individual level. At the end of the day, groups are made of individuals. And, if I manage to assess that certain ideologies really influence most of the members of the groups I have to analyze, this will give me an element of response for my work. What do you think?
Moreover, I was wondering if there were sociological theories that deal with the problem I'm facing.
Hopefully, my question is clear.
Kind regards.
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Ultimately, ideology determines how we make sense of things. It provides an ordered view of the world, our place in it, and our relationship to others. As such, it is deeply important to the human experience, and typically something that people cling to and defend, whether or not they are conscious of doing so https://www.thoughtco.com/ideology-definition-3026356
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Please suggest me sociological theories for my research related to land reform policies and its implementation
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Dear Lila.
The policy of land transformation in the structure provides for four blocks: environmental policy, social policy, economic, scientific and technical with a clear target for regulation in the formation of the land system balance of contradictions of economic, social, scientific and technical, environmental and other aspects of social development, crisis prevention phenomena, ensuring the desired uniformity of society in land reform.
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I need some help in locating different theories that explicitly distinguish between how a person perceives her-/himself and how others see that person. Of course, Social Identity Theory refers to something quite similar to this as the ingroupoutgroup distinction. Côté and Levine1 talk about the person's subjective experience of his/her identities versus the objective identities as defined by others who observe that person.
  • Are there any other theories that distinguish between internal and external perspectives/aspects of identity?
  • Any info or comments on this distinction would be most welcome.
Thanks.
1Identity formation, agency, and culture: a social psychological synthesis (2002): p. 134
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Thanks Keith Brownlee. Yes, it is helpful. What I like about this paper is its focus on social identity in different contexts and group situations. As far as I’m concerned, this allows for a bit more analytic variety, but without deviating too much from more traditional social identity perspectives. That said, I still feel that social identity theory and the notions of ingroup and outgroup are a bit restrictive for my own research. Hence, I developed a simple internal–external distinction, which merely suggests that some represent an internal perspective, which indicates that some individuals or a group possess epistemic privilege (e.g., have access to their own experiences and thoughts: Keith Brownlee has direct experience of what it is like to be a university lecturer), and some represent an external perspective, whose standpoint can only be observational, analytic or based on others’ thoughts and experiences. Both perspectives may be heterogeneous (e.g., just because we both [Keith and Julius] share the identity of being university lecturers, doesn’t mean that we share the same professional experience, ideas about academia or any allegiance).
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I'm looking for research and studies using Goffman's theory to approach contemporary urban life (including issues of new technologies, AI, urban safety, extremism, epidemics etc…). Obliged to anyone who can point me to relevant materials. Thank you.
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GENERALIZATION OF EPIDEMIC THEORY. AN APPLICATION TO THE TRANSMISSION OF IDEAS
W GOFFMAN, V A NEWILL
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Put differently, how does the reductionism explicit in agent-based modelling (noting that ABM is gaining popularity with social scientists) square with the seeming inclination of social theoreticians to seek to describe and find the causes of social phenomena only at the social level?
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I realized that you can study their interplay between reductionism and emergence in this book by Ilachinski, which enables readers to dive deeply into the design of ABM models:
It speaks volumes as you read through it all.
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For many years now, I fail to find the original source of a concept in social theory that distinguishes between four or five 'levels' of analysis and/or intervention. Various versions are circulating, but they all more or less boil down to the following:
1. content (what),
2. procedure (how),
3. interpersonal (here & now dynamics in the actual situation),
4. intrapersonal (of the/an individual), and
5. hypothetical factors of which the actors are not (yet) conscious. The best guess so far is Brendan Reddy, who paints an 'iceberg' image with 'levels' 1 and 2 above and the others below the surface (see 1994: Intervention Skills - Process Consultation for Small Groups and Teams). My current hypothesis is that he developed this concept for his work at the National Training Laboratories in Bethel, Maine. Yet, there is no definitive evidence and in spite of many attempts I haven't succeeded in locating people who would be able to confirm or falsify my hunch.
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The external, or conscious, part of culture is what we can see and is the tip of the iceberg and includes behaviors and some beliefs. The internal, or subconscious, part of culture is below the surface of a society and includes some beliefs and the values and thought patterns that underlie behavior.
Hall suggests that the only way to learn the internal culture of others is to actively participate in their culture. When one first enters a new culture, only the most overt behaviors are apparent. As one spends more time in that new culture, the underlying beliefs, values, and thought patterns that dictate that behavior will be uncovered. What this model teaches us is that we cannot judge a new culture based only on what we see when we first enter it. We must take the time to get to know individuals from that culture and interact with them. Only by doing so can we uncover the values and beliefs that underlie the behavior of that society
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Hello Everyone,
I am looking for journals in the areas of social or political theory, sociology or a related discipline, that accept longer book reviews (between 2000 and 3000) words. So far, I have published those in the Journal of Political Power, but I am looking to expand. The book I seek to review will be fresh out in the summer and deal with the theoretical investigation of the phenomenon of social and political power. It does not have to have a high citation score or rank, but it should be a trustworthy and legit academic journal, not a predatory jurinal.
Thank you very much,
Martin.
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Можете прислать статьи я смогу их пристроить в российский социологический журнал
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Here is a sensible initiative to this end bearing witness from overlooked parts of the world.
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Thank.
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I am looking for some research articles, bulletin, research papers as a reference to support the idea that Empathic concern (one's feeling of empathy) influence the helping behavior via Attitude, Social norms and perceived behavioral control (Theory of Planned behavior). Please recommend me some references in Urban Planning or Transportation context.
Thanks in advance
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Hamida Begum Thank you for your suggestions. The suggested paper is really helpful for me.
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Greetings Colleagues
Within the sphere of social science - which explanatory frameworks or models do you apply to situate your work? These are also referred to as conceptual and theoretical frameworks.
I am interested in the following types:
- Epistemology (knowledge orientations)
- Ontology (existence/being)
- Culture (principles/values/modes of social organisation)
- Pedagogy (educational).
Feel free to refer to your own frameworks or scholars who have been central in your research. Please also share "benefits" of these for scholarly argumentation.
Many thanks
Oscar Oliver Eybers
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Semiotics is by far the more robust toolbox, because it allows one to conduct social scientific inquiry in a way that is not divorced from -- but rather connects with -- the natural sciences.
For a reliable bibliography, see
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My topic is “Polymorphous Discrimination: Rohingya Women in the Goggles of Intersectionality“. I would be happy to have a number of scientific journals to publish in: any Credible journals are therefore welcome. Thanks a lot for your suggestion.
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You can use Scopus as well. Here is the link for sources:
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i need to understand how gated affects socially on social fabric
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In modern dispensation, increase in number of people especially in cities is creating serveral challenges including security.This among others have led to Gated Communities.It is intended to create a group with common culture,income,beliefs and behavior. Sustaining social capital occur in serveral ways, 1 Use of existing technology eg mobile telephony to communicate
2 Create social network with in the gated community
3 leave the gated community and be cultural community
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While doing a research on a subject in social sciences; which of the approaches makes it more reasonable to base the research on one theory, based on more than one theory separately, and examine it by integrating more than one theory? What can be advantages and disadvantages of them?
For example when investigating insurance fraud; the fraud behavior can be related with personality theories, social learning theories, ethical theories or social cognitive theories.
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Thank you for your useful suggestions
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Is it a atheoretical when you are not using an explicit social theory in a social research?
In fact all social research are theoretical. In case of no use of social theory, a theory by default creeps into. This is the theory of natural selection/or survival of the fittest. This is unacceptable.
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In principle I'm just agreeing with Rashmi Pramanik above, but I wanted to add something a little more simply responding to your final comment. "Research"
in general is the gathering and sorting of information, and "Social" means (in the simplest form) having to do with people, you don't need explicit theory to gather information but you do to sort it. But whether you recognize it as theory, you are already applying theory (through epistemological choices, taxonomy/category, etc) in determining which information to gather, which things count as 'social', but that isn't necessarily evolutionary, nor is it likely to be the same thing for all researchers/information gatherers.
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I need such a model to carry out a research.
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There is a very good model which I used in one of my papers. It was proposed by Prof. Reem Bassiouney (2012). It uses a number of discoursal and structural tools to analyze the identity of the speaker or how the speaker is trying to establish the identity of another party.
Bassiouney, R. (2012). Politicizing identity: Code choice and stance-taking during the Egyptian revolution. Discourse & Society, 23 (2), 107-126. Retrieved from http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0957926511431514
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Habitus is understood in the way, it was used by Bourdieu and Elias
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Hi Daniel
I agree to Pauls first impression. Sociologists think that each person has its individual roles which he has to play. These roles are determined by four main paradigmas. Homo sociologicus, Homo oeconomicus, Emotional Man and sort of an Identity defending type. These are, as they say in common sociology parted in what you "want" (Logic of consequeantiality, emotional and or "identity defending") to do and what you "should" (what does society expect for proper behaviour) do. But all of these types exist simulataneously and function reciprocally. So why shouldn't there be a role interconnected with strong loyalty feelings and trust hiding in an extraordinary industrious swimmer, someone who puts effort in to something, he is keen for being the fastest swimmer in the world- kind of type. That would affect his body and therefore connect outward appearance with habitus based social "boundaries".
Greetings
Erik
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I am working on the rape crisis during the 1947 Partition of India and its representation in the Indian cinema. Where can I find data on the number of rape victims/survivors of that period?  
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You may get some information from National Commission for Women (Delhi)!
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Hi, I am a german university student (business administration and psychology) and I am going to write my bachelor thesis.
I would like to research a correlation between stress and the language. For the following points I need your help:
- differently option for stress induction
- or unsolvable tasks for stress induction
- or questionnaire for stress induction
I know about the trier social stress test and the socially evaluative cold water stress test, so I need other options. The best way for me is, to have a computeraided stress test.
I hope you can help me and make my student life a little easier :-).
Best regards,
Timo Köhler
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You might like to try a variation of the unsolvable tracing task used by Roberts et al (2019). It's more typically referred to as a 'frustration tolerance task' or an 'ego depletion paradigm' than a stress induction per se, but it serves a similar purpose. Other challenging cognitive tests (e.g. serial sevens task) can also be used in the same way.
Source:
Roberts, A. C., Yap, H. S., Kwok, K. W., Car, J., Chee-Kiong, S. O. H., & Christopoulos, G. I. (2019). The cubicle deconstructed: Simple visual enclosure improves perseverance. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 63, 60-73.
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I am using 3 theories in my research proposal and i want to anticipate the challenges i might face .
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I think a single theory is not sufficient to explain the whole phenomena. Each theory explains different aspects of phenomenon, or it looks at this phenomenon from different perspectives.
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I am doing a research on effect of social media use on marital satisfaction among married individuals. I would like to ask is there any theories related to social media and marriages.
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There are group pages on Facebook for People seeking their other half, and I have not seen specific pages for marriages. There are group websites with topics related to health, nutrition, cooking, home services, parenting advice, for people bringing up children, etc. Whether social media portals help or harm the married life and for families depends on how they are used by each individual. If social media portals are used to contact other people in the family, with friends, they are a source of important information, they can fulfill a useful role. however, using socialm media portals may also have a negative impact, because some people may become addicted to using social media portals, using smartphones or other devices with access to the Internet, if the time spent on viewing them is relatively long compared to other people classes, and especially towards classes and duties related to family and professional life.
Best wishes
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it should include theory of social inclusion
empirical studies on social inclusion
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Hi Irene! This link from Oxford may be helpful in your search for articles:
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The theme of my paper has the aim to examine social and cultural adaption on individual refugees in Denmark, while they waiting on family reunification.
I have researched on theories, however I find it difficult to find theories that fits the theme.
Any suggestions on theories?
Thanks in advance.
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You can get some idea from this book.
Communication of Innovations: A Cross-Cultural Approach
  • June 1974
  • Man 9(2)
  • DOI:
  • 10.2307/2800105
  • Everett M. Rogers
  • F. Floyd Shoemaker
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How social media can be theoretically define ?
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Currently, dynamic development of social media portals on the Internet is being implemented.
For young people using smartphones, social media portals are one of the main sources of information.
Probably the next stage in the development of social media portals will be the implementation of artificial intelligence to these portals and to search engines and the creation of applications of the type of interactive advisors on individual Internet information pages.
How can this development affect education and pedagogy in the future?
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What do you know and understand about Muslim tourism? Share with me your ideas.
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يقصد بالسياحة المسلمون يتوجهون إلى الأماكن المقدسة سواء في الحج والعمرة أو زيارة المزارات
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A model is to be proposed based several social theories such as Theory of Reasoned Action, Theory of Planned Behavior and Diffusion of Innovation Theory.
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I agree with Alistair. You need to modify the topic either to 'suggest 'Exploring the adoption of IFRS for SMES: A case study of ....'. A PhD should bring about a new knowledge or experience that is not obvious from the beginning. Try to read further and find out in clear terms and succinctly what are the issues at hand you are trying to find solutions to.
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It has become commonplace to refer to colonialism, or some of its declinations such as post-colonialism or coloniality, as general terms to situate contemporary social exclusion, marginality, and resistance. This conceptual choice has the great advantage of drawing attention to historical continuities between contemporary structures and the centuries-long reproduction of structures of domination. However, is it possible that the conceptual strength of this lumping also hinders our ability to understand the specific modalities of social injustice in various contexts and in different historical moments? Is it possible that this choice leads us to conflate, for example, colonialism, imperialism, capitalism, and modernity, as an overly coherent project? Your thoughts will be most welcome!
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Such a good question! Martin Hebert points to an issue that was identified (under the term decolonization) in Tuck & Yang's (2012) article, "Decolonization is not a Metaphor." As those authors write, "Decolonization brings about the repatriation of Indigenous land and life; it is not a metaphor for other things we want to do to improve our societies and schools." Yet, as Martin pointed out, the lumping together of separate but related concepts provides authors with a convenient way to talk about a vast array of social issues with some coherence. At the same time, though, that lumping leaves authors open to criticisms about ignoring the concerns posed by capitalism, imperialism, and so forth. And as a conceptual "shorthand," it may serve as an erasure of some of the exact problems that use of a colonial or decolonizing analytic lens may strive to illuminate.
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Tilly, Charles. 2002. Stories, identities, and political change. Oxford: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
"Social sites consist of loci in which organized human action occurs; they include individuals, aspects of individuals, organizations, networks, and places" (Tilly 2002, xi).
"Let us think of an individual as one kind of social site -a locus of coordinated social action" (Tilly 2002, 11).
Social sites appears as a relational outcome (Emirbayer, 1998), and as locus or loci in relation. The relational (realism) persuasion maintains as a coherent ontological principle of the program. Indeed, Tilly (2002, xii) claims "that transactions are real and observable", as "transfers of energy orginazed by people" connecting social sites (2002, xi).
"To put it more ponderously, but also more accurately, social life consists of relationally and culturally channeled, error-filled and error-correcting transactions among social sites that continuously modify the relations and culture within which they occur" (Tilly, 2002, xi).
So, if social transactions and relations are "the fundamental entities of social life" (2002, xi), ¿which is the reality status or logical position of social sites relative to social transactions?.
My first response to this question was to assume some type of equivalence between social transactions and their occurrence: events. And, then to apply the relational logic operation: (some identifiable regular) social change results from the sets of transactions which take place between (some bounded) social sites, those changes are experimented by, and setup, the social sites in which social transactions realized.
So, events can be assumed as concrete instances of social transactions between social sites. Recognizing that, relationally, social transactions implies the alteration or change on transaction-embedded social sites.
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All good & well for me with your relational approach. My only invitation would be: do not neglect the "situs" in the site. There's a powerful spatial metaphor in it, which relations alone tend to pass over in silence…
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What I have is
“A mindset is a mental attitude. It shapes our actions and our thoughts” (Meier & Kropp, 2010, p. 179)
and
“the sum total of the activated cognitive procedures” (Gollwitzer, 2011, p. 528).
Can somebody please recommend something more - ideally a discussion to the term?
Please not about growth/fixed mindset - this is too narrow right here.
Gollwitzer, P. M. (2011). Mindset Theory of Action Phases. In P. A. M. V. Lange, A. W. Kruglanski, & E. T. Higgins (Eds.), Handbook of Theories of Social Psychology: Volume One (New., pp. 526–546). Los Angeles: Sage Social Psychology Program.
Meier, J. D., & Kropp, M. (2010). Getting Results the Agile Way: A Personal Results System for Work and Life. Bellevue, WA: Innovation Playhouse.
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Our mindset shapes our beliefs in accomplishing something.
It shapes whether we believe we can learn, change & grow (growth mindset)- or not (fixed). What do you believe in - fixed or growth??
People with fixed mindset seek approval whereas people with growth mindset seek Development
If you have fixed mindset you will not huddle play, analyze weakness or try to get better practicing.
People with growth mindset look inward and work on improving skills and mastering theie craft.
Anyone can acquire growth mindset and make impossible possible!!
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So far I have not found a solid paper on theory based qualitative to use as references. The field in a very broad sense is social theory,
Any experiences or references?
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It's not clear what your question is really seeking, and there could be many possible answers, from ethnomethodology to philosophical hermeneutics to critical realism, to structural functionalism to semiotics to autoethnography. Are you drawn to any particular method? Do you have a particular population or sample in mind? Why are you drawn to qualitative methods? Are you interested in understanding experience and context, or explaining connections and causes? Is what you do with the findings a major factor? Anyone undertaking qualitative research would benefit from reading H. L. "Bud" Goodall's Writing Qualitative Inquiry, which covers the integration of theory into narrative via experience, crosses disciplines, and exemplifies good writing.
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Hi,
I'm looking for Transition Theory in social science and I aim to use it as a framework. I haven't find seminal works of it, perhaps there is non...
Do you have any authors and suggestions?
I'll be writing about the evolution of bottom-up initiatives around a study case on Food System change and a neighbour case implementing a top-down approach.
Thanks!
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Hi Sergio
See Arturo Escobar's "Degrowth, postdevelopment, and transitions: a preliminary conversation" (2015)
Also, Vandana Shiva's "Soil not Oil, environmental justice in an age of climate crisis" (2008)
Here from South Africa, the work of Patrick Bond will also be useful, especially in the context of social movement, as agents of 'bottom-up' transitions.
Enjoy!!
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My research is focused on the traditional apartments of Brasília, Brasil's modernist capital. I'm intersted in understanding the transformations of the domestic space along time.
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Hi Pedro, there's a fascinanting research on Turin, Milan and Rome (Italy) collected in this book "Storie di case" – http://www.planum.net/journals-books/storie-di-case-br-abitare-l-italia-del-boom … Unfortunately only in Italian as far as I know.
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Similarities between the two texts.
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Pablo Nocera , an argentinian researcher , is an expert in the trajectories of the durkhemian concepts. And its change along editions and publications.
Cheers.
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Any comprehensive discussion of Elias' take on Freud's social theory? Thank you if you can refer me to sources.
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Hi Andrea
Bernard Lahire has a chapter in the Book Norbert Elias & Social Theory
Lahire, B. (2013). Elias, Freud, and the Human Science. In F. Depelteau & T. S. Landini (Eds.), Norbert Elias and Social Theory (pp. 75-89). New York: Palgrave Macmillian.
There is a range of comparisons of Elias’s The Civilizing Process and Freud’s Civilization and its Discontents - see for example Harry Redner Redner, H. (2017). Freud and Elias: The Civilizing Process. In The Tragedy of European Civilization(pp. 97-124). Routledge.
Thanks,
Hamish
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Among the Asante of Ghana, family property is considered as one that belongs to the living (in the material world) and the dead (ancestors who live in the spiritual world). It serves as social security for the family. Money, a house or land are examples. Because of the spiritual (ancestral) connection, such properties are not disposable. Land for example, is not supposed to be sold. Money lent to a family member has to be refunded before s/he dies.
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Hello,
This article may be of interest to you.
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There are many definitions of model-based sciences, which have a different philosophical meaning. This is due to the fact that the signification of the term ‘model’ is ambiguous: some of these theories may be based only on one kind of models and are unable to integrate in their field the other ones. I will give here two examples of model-based theories, but you can find many other ones.
The semantic theory of models, more recently called a ‘model-based’ view of science attacked the empirical explanatory models, which dominated the philosophy of science before the 1960’s, and promoted formal explanatory models during the following decade. Even if various versions of this approach differ (Patrick Suppes, Frederick Suppe, Bas van Fraassen, etc.), it continues to be developed nowadays. In this approach models, as abstract representations of some portion of the world which are different from empirical laws, are the central element of scientific knowledge. For 21st century researcher, computer modelling will permit the statement, manipulation, and evaluation of more and more complex theoretical models, as Thomas Burch (2017) said. But how in this case identify the relations between the theoretical model and the empirical observations, and test the fit of a simulation model? There is a real danger to construct theoretical models without any relationship with observed data and no way to verify this relationship.
The mechanistic view, which had been mainly developed for biological sciences during the 1990’s, is also considered as a model-based science. Again various versions of this approach differ (William Bechtel, Carl Carver, Stuart Glennan, etc.), but its development nowadays is increasing not only for biological sciences but for social sciences. A more recent version of this view is given by Robert Franck (2002) as the functional-mechanistic approach. As the semantic view the mechanistic theory of models rejects the empirical explanatory approach, and may appear as similar. But, while for the semantic approach a theory is a formal system empty of any empirical content, the mechanistic one infers, from the sustained observation of some property of nature, its functional structure –in classical terms the axiom, form, principle or law- which rules the process generating this property, and without which this property could not come about as it does. By focusing on the mechanism, generating a social property, the functional structure is treated independently of the causal structure, and may be generalized. We used this approach, with other researchers, in a recent paper on model-based demography (2017).
Under this question, I would like to discuss here the different model-based theories, their main aims, and the use of the term model.
References
Burch T. (2017). Model-based demography. Springer.
Courgeau D., Bijak J., Franck T., Silverman E. (2017). Model-based demography: towards a research agenda. In Agent-based modelling in Population Studies, Grow A., van Bavel J. eds., Springer.
Franck R. ed. (2001). The explanatory power of models. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Mäki U. (2001). Models: philosophical aspects. In International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, Smelser N.J., Baltes P.B. eds., Elsevier Ltd.
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I think that model-based theories are ideas which substitute realities. This could have interest in theoretical exploratory research but less interest for real and objetive research.
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dear fellow researchers could you provide a definition of social presence in the context of social commerce. It will be the starting point towards conceptualizing a multidimensional concept of social presence in the context of social commerce.
Many Thanks         
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Cultural capital in its institutionalized form is competency in culturally valued practices, and therefore in terms of the educational field, institutionalized cultural capital can be seen as competency in school valued practices. Cultural capital in its embodied state, or 'habitus', is seen through "long-lasting dispositions of the mind and body.
It makes sense then that if the individual habitus, influenced by a collective ‘set of dispositions’, of those within the institution (Bourdieu, 1977), is a resistant habitus, then acts of resistance must be co-constructed. in fact, if the habitus, collective or individual “confines possibilities to those possible for the social group the individual belongs to” (Reay 15, p. 357) then the institutional habitus must allow for acts of resistance?
Any comments or directions that anyone can offer?
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Individual habits influence the competence and assertiveness. Therefore set of standing orders or list of mandatorly expected behavior must be teach in induction Programme, thereby Work cultural can Be inculcate by the employee or by any sort of staff and line members of the institution s
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Innovation systems benefit from diversity, however, trust and social cohesion are important for building social capital. what are the tradeoffs/implications between diversity as a favorable feature in innovation systems and social cohesion, trust?
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Thank you everyone those were very helpful resources/answers 
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Does cultural transformation represent a new challenge for organizations?
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The term "cultural adaptation" is problematic in the sense that it can refer to (1) cultural adaptation of the organization to the cultural of the people that have allowed the organization very existence to continue, (2) or the organization's attempt to change the culture of the people who have allowed the organization the very ability to exist within the culture (that is, the organization attempting to change the culture that has allowed its very existence).
Dennis
Dennis Mazur
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Two studies found self-uncertainty salience increased the subjective distance with the past self. How to build a rational story of them in the introduction? I thought about temporal self-appraisal theory, temporal comparison theory, construal level theory etc. But still cannot build a satisfactory rationale and highlight the contribution. The results are solid and interesting, Happy to hear some suggestions and may cooperate on the revision of this paper. 
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I would be interested in the paper (as it stands).  This might be very important in areas like career theory - when are we willing to step into a new identity?
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I am trying to best understand the method to how prejudice reduction is measured.
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Please let me know if these references/sites are useful to you:
1.  [PDF]Maximum likelihood estimation of endogenous switching regression ...
by M Lokshin - ‎Cited by 287 - ‎Related articles
In this model, a switching equation sorts individuals over two different states (with one regime observed). The econometric problem of fitting a model with endogenous switching arises in a variety of settings in labor economics, the modeling of housing demand, and the modeling of markets in disequilibrium.
2.  [PDF]SWITCHING REGRESSION MODELS AND ESTIMATION
Outline. Switching Regression Models. Model setting. Motivation. Estimation ( Two-stage method). Variations. Censored models. Models with self-selectivity ...
3.  Endogenous Switching Regression Models with Limited Dependent ...
by DA POWERS - ‎1993 - ‎Cited by 10 - ‎Related articles
Social research often involves estimating the effects of a categorical treatment on a dependent outcome variable. Endogenous switching regression models are natural extensions of classical experimental designs, which allow tests of assumptions about the exogeneity of treatment effects from survey data.
Dennis
Dennis Mazur
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What is the theory describe the relation between risk management and social accounting?
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Legitimacy theory.
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hello can someone please help me with the literature review of ' economics of net neutrality' and how to conduct the methodology? primary data or secondary data?
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Thank you so much this is really helpful 
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I am working on a paper " Portrayal of suicide issues in Daily Dawn newspaper: A newspaper of Pakistan".
This is a content analysis study which I am conducting in these days.
As a new researcher I am i need of valuable suggestions and recommendations from Media Research Experts.......
I would be highly grateful to those whom I find cooperative.
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Hello Rameez - Check out how a former research student of mine undertook newspaper analysis (of Karachi riots) also in a Pakistan context. Hope this helps methodologically.
Best wishes with your study!
        Peter
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I can see several approaches. 1. Todorovs fairytales. 2 joseph Campbells archtypes, 3. Formalist approaches to love triangles and things like that 4. Game theory.  
Does anyone know of theoretical models that search for patterns in plots, or which use these patterns in plot construction? I am not talking about acts, or theories about story climax. Any suggestions as to how i can improve upon this reasoning? 
Is it possible for instance to treat all crime novels as sequential games with perfect information and a limited number of outcomes. Is it possible for instance to construct as decision map of a crime novel? 
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I would suggest Moretti's network plot analysis at the Stanford Literary Lab site
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I want to know the points of relation between identity and gender constructions. When one is doing a critical analysis of identity, can we say that the analyst can include the analysis of the way gender plays up in the text?
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 Hola Chuka! La identidad es un proceso abierto y no atado a una esencia, como dice Reza. Por supuesto, se realiza a través del lenguaje (imágenes, textos). En ese punto, es fundamental considerar dos cosas: primer, que la identidad es un proceso que posee una dimensión inconsciente,  ya que siempre es aquello que también nos viene dado y opera fuera de nuestra conciencia. En segundo lugar, es fundamental la dimensión del cuerpo, ya que es éste el territorio mediante el cual se llevan a cabo prácticas subjetivantes. En eso, el análisis del discurso tiene un vacío teórico.
Saludos!
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Black Emancipatory Action Research includes at its core participatory and action research methodology which imperatively rely on community participation and community empowerment at all stages of research. Moreover theoretical grounding in Black Studies and Critical Race Theory facilitates adoption of the Afrocentric perspective to knowledge creation and interpretation.
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Participatory Action Research is Participatory Action Research. It's intention is emancipation at the organisational and community level. For me, race, colour, creed, faith, religion etc is not the main issue. Far more, it is that 'all' who wish for or require representation and advocacy are represented. 
The attached chapter may assist my worldview - related to the action research part of it. 
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I am looking for research on the stability of attitudes formed as a result of higher education, specifically entrepreneurship courses. 
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Hello,
the question is very important to ask. it's related to measure the impacts of entrepreneurship programs on student' attitudes and intentions. studying the issue through time means to differentiate the immediate, short and long term.
Measuring the attitudes of students after taking entrepreneurial course is an issue. Their attitudes and intentions did not change during a period of three months for example. if you are interested, you can take a look to this: 
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I wish to apply DHA for text analysis of autobiographies to study gender identity in a socio-political context of Pakistan.
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CDA is a bout locating the central Genre. in this context gender and identity are the major focus. linguistic constructs can be helpful in your analysis
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I am currently working on a research on gender-based prejudice against Muslims and looking for a scale to measure implicit attitude and I would like to know what options we have apart from IAT scale.
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The Go/No Go test is a reaction-time based method that can be applied to assessing implicit prejudice but does not have the limitation of being a 2-category comparison that the IAT has. Nosek, B. A., & Banaji, M. R. (2001). The go/no-go association task. Social cognition, 19(6), 625-666.
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 i'm not sure if i can use impression management theory and uses and gratification so the users use SNSs to express themselves and to manage their self representations
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thank you all for your help 
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Hello,
Can anyone recommend articles or reviews that deal with Social Identity Theory and decision making.
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Hello Alen,
Hogg, M. A., Abrams, D., Otten, S., & Hinkle, S. (2004). The social identity perspective intergroup relations, self-conception, and small groups. Small group research, 35(3), 246-276.
Stets, J. E., & Burke, P. J. (2000). Identity theory and social identity theory. Social psychology quarterly, 224-237.
This is the abstract on ResearchGate: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/272581791
This is the full text:
This paper was written by a ResearchGate member, although this is not on her list of publications:
Lapinski, M. K., & Mastro, D. E. (2001). A Social Identity Approach to Understanding the Jury Decision-Making Process: Race as a Social Indicator. JOURNAL OF INTERGROUP RELATIONS, 28(2), 48-62.
This thesis might help: Kast, C. J. (2007). Social Identity Similarity Effects on an Evaluation of Blame (Doctoral dissertation, Ohio University).
I think these all include these two topics.
Very best wishes,
Mary
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I'm social psychologist and my knowledge in ethology and animal behavior literature is very limited. I’m currently working on comparative project on collective violence and the idea of comparison of ant and man social behavior seems very tempting. I’ve read several experimental and natural observation papers and the field seems very interesting. I’m looking for a review paper or a book that summarizes all lines of inquiry and relatively up to date knowledge on the subject of inter colony conflicts. I would be very grateful for any hints.
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Hi Mikolaj
I'd advise you to look for Yzhar Smilanski "Hirbat Hizha" edifying counting on 1948 Israel independent war.
Good luck! 
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I am working on a thesis evaluating a particular theodicy as an explanation for the coexistence of gratuitous evil and God's sovereignty.  I am having difficulty finding an established methodology which fits my research.
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Dear Connie, I see. Makes sense. Good luck!
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From the DCP forum: The value of formulation: A question for debate.
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In clinical social work, we are beginning to examine their utility for implementing current and developmental biopsychosocial assessments.  We are doing so because of the shift from the Multiaxial assessments to the use of biopsychosocial formulations in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-5.  They are clearly useful in educational contexts,  but it is unclear whether and how they are implemented in actual practice.  Does the use of formulations contribute to actual changes in how treatment plans are constructed and implemented by practitioners?  A common problem noted with the use of the Multi-axial system was the axes completed by clinicians were dictated primarily by what insurance companies were likely to reimburse for services provided by psychologists, psychiatrists, and other mental health professionals.  So, I think you are correct there are a number of issues besides these considerations that ought to be researched and debated.  Thanks for the challenging question. 
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I'm trying to develop a scale to measure effects of social networking sites usage on children's attitudes towards family relationships, do you have ideas?
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 thanks a lot, Rafael
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The Question is about the Nature of the Rules that will be applied during the period of change of political and legal systems. Which of the Rules will be applied during the so-called Transitional period ... Thank you for your contributions to answer the question.
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thank you very much Dear Colleague Rafael Díaz
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Difference between theoretical underpinnings and philosophical underpinnings of a methodology ? 
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If I understand you correctly, I think you are touching on something that I have always found confusing: Can you use the results from a GT study as the basis for a further GT study? With a strict interpretation of GT, you should have a minimum of preconceptions, which would mean avoiding formalized theory of any kind.
But if we can't use the theories from previous GT work to guide further GT work, that would definitely limit the extent to which we can accumulate knowledge via GT.
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What I'm looking for is similarities between the two texts because as I read both of them, I cannot find a answer except for feminism but in the back of my mind I know it is more than feminism.
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The Conceptual Practices of Power and the Black Feminist Epistemology
Image showing black women, in their own words and stories of life, matches that presented Joyce Ladner: One of the main features that define the black woman is [realistic approach] their [own] resources. Rather than resign himself to his fate, this has always sought creative solutions to their problems. The ability to use the resources at your fingertips and still maintain the determination to combat racist society, overtly or subtly as needed, is one of its main attributes.1 In these pages, I have highlighted in a special way those strategies that women can use to increase their degree of independence, to acquire and maintain domestic authority to limit (positively) the role of husband and father as well as to strengthen ties with relatives. The latter strategy (make the most Relations home network) helps explain patterns of black family life among the urban poor, more appropriate than the concept of nuclear family or matrifocal form. When economic resources are limited, people need the help of as many people as possible. This requires expanding family networks and thus increase the number of people you have.
On the one hand, women in a network can break a relationship that has become a bottomless pit for resources. On the other, a man is expected to contribute to their own network of relatives and do not waste their working ability and resources on other marital relationship. At the same time, a woman will try to get help from the man who has fathered his sons, thus building its own network of resources. It also expects support from his relatives, especially his mother and sisters. Women continuously activate these bonds to attract relatives and friends to exchange network and obligations.
Typically, the biological father female relatives are also poor and try to also expand its network and increase the number of people you have. Clearly, the economic pressures on family networks in a black community make men and women do not leave them (through marriage or other long-term relationship).
The cooperative network based on kinship represents a collective adaptation to poverty by men, women, and children of black communities. Loyalties and dependencies to compensate relatives the ordeal of unemployment and racism.
To cope with the everyday demands of life in the ghetto, these networks have developed patterns of coexistence: households with very flexible frameworks; bonds that last a lifetime and although intermittent, make homes for up to three generations; own social obligations as husband / father within the domestic group of the mother; as well as the domestic authority of women.
1 Ladner, Tomorrow's Tomorrow ..., op. cit., 1971, pp. 276-277. Black feminisms allowed copy © 206
Bibliography.
TABARD, M (2012). Black feminisms. An anthology. Ed. Traffickers dreams. Madrid Spain).
Best regards
Rafa.
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I wonder if we really can offer solutions to the social issues we describe and explain. For exemple if we discover relational problems in an organization, do we also offer solutions to them? If we do, are they common sense solutions or from where do they come from? Do we study in sociology training programmes how to offer solutions to the problems we discover through research?
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Dear Florentina, dear colleagues,
I am not sure that my answer will really help, as the publication I am refering to are in French, but I was 30 years ago in charge of a state of the art about experiences of research-actions in social policy and the main question was : how can we reach in the understanding of a problem (here a social problem) a way to help actors, decision makers, groups of interest, etc, to elaborate new solutions (organisational, institutionnal, new instruments, new policy, etc.). This reflexion was based on a very long tradition of social science in Kurt Lewin's tradition and refering to this oxymore: combining "reseach -and- action". If you read French, I have one published report on RG ready to be downloaded and a few articles. Sorry for the language. 
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psychology and its methods are clearly racist, it was built as an othering tool by the coloniser. Therefore, how do we begin to speak against the mainstream psychology in decolonial terms?
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There is a good chapter by Mkhize in a South African book called Critical Psychology, edited by Mkhize and Hook, that looks at the ways in which psychology is centred on the individual, and how that can be difficult in a context where personhood is composed relationally/communally, as it is in the Southern African context. I think the chapter is called African Psychology. It is quite a nuanced one that doesn't assume all of 'Western' psychology is flawed, but rather examines how the starting points can differ if the person is created differently in different social contexts. I've used it for teaching undergraduate courses in SA on the history of the social science disciplines in Southern Africa. 
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I'm in the early stages of a project and would like to measure resilience in transitional age foster youth and am looking for an appropriate instrument. While I recognize there are many perspectives on the development of resiliency, foster youth may perceive "family" and "community" differently than other populations.  
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The Child and Youth Resilience Measure (CYRM) developed at the Resilience Research Centre at Dalhousie University has now been validated in a number of settings internationally and covers the domains you are interested in. We have validated it on a population of very vulnerable youth, many of whom were in foster care see DOI: 10.1177/1049731515614102 Validation of the Child and Youth Resilience
Measure (CYRM-28) on a Sample of At-Risk
New Zealand Youth
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